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BOBOH perynSluHI1 06WeCTBeHHblX OTHOWeH"H. Pe"ib. no cyrl1. MeT 0 CTpYKTypan"3aUMH npaBonopSUlKa no MaCUlma6aM, cy6beKmaM U 06beK- 111lLJrf elO rjJopMupoBanUJl U noOOep:HCaHUR. C TO\IKH 3peHIUI opraHH3aUHOHHo-npOC1]>aHCTBeHHblX KOOpD.HHaT HnH KpHTepHeB crpYKl)'pHpOBaHHSI npaBOnOpSlJIKa Mbl BnpaBe rOBopHTb o npaBonopJUJ.Ke rOCYllapCTBa (<}>el1epaUHH). cy6"beKTOB <}>el1epaUHH, pe- rHOHOB, ropo.nOB" HaceneHHblX nYHKTOB, npennpIDITHH, opraHH3aUHH, lpe)t(11eHHH. HMeHHO Ha 3TOM ypOBHe MbI MO>KeM BbweJUITb npaBono- pSl,nOK B 06111eCTBeHHbIX MeCTax pa3J1H"iHOH CTeneHM .neTMH3aUIi", npI1HHTOH, HanpHMep B .nOKYMeHTaX nepBI1"iHOrO ytjeTa npeC1)'nneHHH Ii npanOHapYllleHHM ynHUbI, napKH, CKBCpbl, 06weCTBeHHblH T)JaHC- nopT H T.n.. OpraHH3aUHOHHO-npOCTpaHCTBeHHaSl CTpYKTYpa npaBono- psmKa He HapYlllaeT l1epapXHIO JaKOliOl1arenbHblX aKTOB, HanpHMep, $enep3JlbHOrO ueHTpa 1-1 cy6'beKTOB cpenepaUHI1 He npOTI-lBOpeqHT 06- IV weMY npl1HUHny e,QHHCTBa JaKOHHOCTH Ha BceM npocTpaHcTBe ,llCHCT- BHlI CHCTer-.,fbl npaBa (TepPMTopHSI POCCMHCKOH el>el1epaUI1M> 11 paBHOM DJISI Bcex cy61>eKTOB npaBa o6we06S13aTeJIbHOCTH npHHUl1na, nonO>Ke- HJodi Ii Tpc60BaHH" 3aKOHa. Peqb 0 npyroM, 0 KOHKpemHoM pe:HCUMe npa- BonopJldKa, Komopblu Heo6xooUMO ycmaHa61lU8amb U noOOep:HCU8amb Ha "" , KOHKpemHou meppumopuu UJlU OObeKlne.. OqeBHllHO, HanpHMcp, qTO Ha OTllenbHblX TeppHTopHSlX POCCHH (no- rpaHH"iHaSi nonoca, 3aKpblToe allMHHI1C1]>aTHBHO-TeppI1TOpl1aJlbHOe 06- pa30BaHHe, JOHa 3KO.TIOrHlJeCKHX 6enCTBI1H) HapSIJIY C 06WHM npaBono- PSUlKOM cywecTBYIOT 11 cneUHanbHble pe)KHMbl, perynl1pYIOll{He 06wecT- BeHllble OTHOllleHHSI. Hanpl1Mep, 3aKoH Pel> OT 25 111OH.SI 1993 r. NQ 5242-1 «0 npaBe rpa)KjJ.aH PoccldfcKOH <l>enepaUHIi Ha cB06011Y ne- pe.nBH>KeHHH, Bbl60p MCCTa npe6blBaHHH H )KHTenbCTBa B npeJJ.enax Poc- CH "CKOH el>en;epauHH) I t YCT3H3BJIHBaeT. LJTO 3TO npaBO rpa)KjJ.3H POCCHH B COOTBeTCTBHH C 3aKOHaMH Pel> MO>KeT 6blTb OrpaHHLJeHO: B norpaHHtJ- HOH nOJIOCe; B 3aKpblTbIX BoeHHblX ropo.nKax; B 3aKpblTblX aLlMliHMCT])a- THBHO-TeppHTOpHaJlbHbIX 06pa30BaHlUIx; B 30Hax 3KonorHliCCKoro 6cl1- CTBHSI; Ha OTJ(enbHblX TCppHTOplUIX 11 B IlaceneHHblX nYHKTax, rl1e B cnYlJae onaCHOCTH pacnpOCTpaHeHHSI HH<}>eKuHoHHbIX H MaCCOBblX He- HHcpeKUI10HHblX 3a60neBaHHH " OTPaBJleHI1H nlOJJ.eH BBel1eHbl oco6ble ycnOBJ.Ul H pe)f(J1Mbl npO)l(J1BaHHSI HaCeJIellHSI H X03S1HCTBeHHOH l1e$lTeJIbllO- CTH; Ha reppIiTOpH5JX, rJJ.e BBe.aeHO IJpe3Bbl"iaHHOe WI" BOCHHoe nonO)Ke- HHe (CT.8). B 3aKpbITbIX MMHHI1CTparnBHO-reppHTOpl1aJIbHbIX 06pa30Ba- HHSlX YCTaHOBJ1eH OC06blH npaBoBoH nopSlJXOK 3eMllenOnb30BaHI1S1 2 , pa3- I CM.: BeJl0MOCTIi Cbe31l8 Hapo.n.HbiX nenyraToB H BepxoBHoro COBeTa POCCH:RCKOA el>ellepaulfli. 1993. N1 32. CT. 1227. 2 CM: 3aKOH Pel> OT 14.07.92 r. M 3297-1 «0 3aKpLITOM 8J1MHHwcT}>aTwBHO- reppHTOpHaJ1bHOM 06paJOB8HWW& (c J.f3M. H nOlI. OT 28.11.96 r., 31.07 98 r., 11 
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BYIOI.U.HMH npaBOBblMH aKTaMH cy61>eKTOB <l>e.aepaUHH I, npHKa3aMH H paCnOpIDKeHWlMH PYKOBO.aHTeneff (j>e.aepaJIbHbIX OpraHOB BJIaCTH 2 , npH- Ka3aMH PYKOBOHTene" OpraHH3aUHl1 H Y"lpe>KLIeHHff 3 . npaBOnOPMOK KaK npaBOBOH pe)I{HM peanH3aUHH 06weCTBeHHbiX OTHOWeHHH BO BCeX c$epax )l{H3He.aewreJlbHOCTH COUHYMa HMeeT CBOHX cy6lJeKmOB, B 33llaqy KOTOpblX BXO.aI1T YCTaHOBJIeHl1e rex OTHOWeHH" KOTopble nODJIe>KaT rlpaBOBoff perynSlUHH, onpe.ae.neHHe KOHKpeTHOrO nOPMKa peaJIH3aUHH OTHoweHHH B naHHOI1 c<j)epe perynHpoBaHWI H pe- rynS1THBHo-oxpaIIHTenbHbIX Cpe.aCTB ero nO.LLQep>KaHHSI H oxpaHbl, c06nlO- .aeHHe YCTaHOBJIeHHblX npaBHJ1 peanH3au.HH 06Il.{eCTBeHHbIX OTHoweHHH. fHnOTeTHljeCKH Bce cy6DeKTbl npaBa (rocy.aapCTBeliHble OpraHbJ H .aon>KHOCTHble nHua, Bce (j>H3H1.IeCKHC H IOplUlHLJeCKHe JIHua) He 33BHCH- MO OT CIleuH$HljeCKHX pa3J1HLJH" B HX npaBOBOM CTa1)'ce H pORH B npo- uecce peanH3aUHH npaBa, S1BJ1S1IOTCSI rjJOpMOAbHblMU cy6DeKTaMH npouecca YCTaHOBJ1eHHSI H (j>YHKl.{HOHHpOBaHI1S1 npaHOBoro nopMKa 06Il.{eCTBeHHOH )K}13HH. Eonee Toro, BOBJIeiJeHHOCTb OT.aeJIbHbIX rpIDKllaH 11 HHCTIt1YfOB rpIDKllaHCKoro 06ll1eCTBa B 3TOT npouecc, OTpIDKaJl KopellHbJe OTHowe- HHSI Me)l(lXY rocynapCTBOM H ljenOBeKOM, 06Il.{eCTBO{ B ue.JIOM, MO>KeT ...., paCCMa1pHBaTbC.sI B KalJeCTBe ompaBHOH T01.lKJ.f 6eKmopOAbHo-pa3HO- Iianpa6fleHHba npOL(eCC06 rIOnHTHljeCKOrO, 3KOHOMHljeCKOrO Hp3BCTBeH- Horo 11 npaBOBoro npoecca HnH perpecca rocy.aapCTBa, CBHlleTenbCT- BOM ero .aBH>KeHHS1 no .aeMOKpaTHtleCKOMY Hnl1 TO'IaJIHTapHOMY nyrH pa3BHTHSI. BMeCTe C TeM OljeBHllI{O, IjTO peaJ1bHaS! ponb lX Hnl1 HHblX cy6o- eKTOB npaBa B YCTaHOBJ1eHHH H (j>YHKUHOHHpOBaHHH rlpaBonopSlUKa onpe.aenSleTCSI HMeHHO HX npaBOBblM CTaTYCOM H ponblO B npouecce peaJIH3aUHH rlpaBa. HeT fle06xo.aHMOCTI1 .aOKa3bIBaTb" Hanpl1Mep, lJTO . I CM.: PaCnOpR)f(eHM$I ry6epHaTopa CaHKT-neTcp6ypra OT 18.01.2000 r NQ 33-p, «(0 nOp$lllKe C03D.aHHJI, peopraHM3UUHM H nI1K8Mn.allHM rocyn a pCT8CHHblX yHHTapHblX 11pellnpHHTMH H Y"lpe>KlleHMA CaHKT- neTcp6ypra)). 2 Ct., Hanpl1Mcp: (tYcr3B cJ>enepanbHoro rocyn.apcTBeHHoro YHMTaplloro npennpl1StTMSt .tPOCDK. J ITK p)). YTB. pacnOpS.>KCHHCM ITK P OT 26.12.02 r M 797-p.; «YCld8 AKaacMHM M Bn PoccHAcKOH <])CJ.lepaUMH (rocynapCTBCltJIOe o6pa30B3TcnbtiOe Y"'IPC}I(- .neHHe») YTB. npHKa30M M Bll P<!> OT 26.06.96 r. NQ 356 "0 Mepax no COBepweHCTBO- BaHl110 npaKTlltlCCKoro o6}'1leHMSI cnYUJaTCJlei1 AKaLleMHI1 MBll POCCHI1". 3 npl1MelfHTCnbHo K TeM IVIH HHblX opraHaM BnaCTH nOpRIlOK YCTaHOBJ1eHH$I HX npaBo- 80ro CTal)'ca onpenCn$lCTCSI 3aKoHOllaTel1hHblMH aKTaMH. TaK. B CT I YKa3a npC3H.l1eH- TIt P OT 09.03.04 r. NQ 314 «(0 CMCTeMe H CTPYJOYPC en.epanbHblx oprallOB HCnOJ1IIM- TenhHOH 1L1UCTM)) YCTaHOWIeHO, 'ITO «YHKllHH <1>eLlepanhHoro opraHa HcnonHHTenbHoA BJ1aCTH, pyKOBO.nCTBO n.esrrenhHoCThlO KOToporo ocyweCTBJIJtCT npe31tlleHT POCCHHCKOA <1>e.nepaUHM, onpen.enSlJOTC$I YKa30M npe3H.l1CHTa POCCMHCKOH <1>en.epauHH, YHKUMM <1>ellCpanbHOro opraHa HcnOnllHTeJJbHOH B1JaCTIt, PYKOBOllCTBO ncsrrenhHOCTblO KOToporo OCYUlectSJlRCT npaBHTeJJbCT80 POCCHHCKOH <I>e.n.epaUMH, - nOCTaHOBJ1eHl1eM npaBM- TcnbCTBa POCCH"CKOA «I>enCpaLtHM)) / / C3 P«I> 2004. NQ II. CT. 945. 13 
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CTBa, 06eCnellHBalOWHH cOrnaCOBaHHYIO peaJIH33UHIO ero <j>YHKUH". TpYl1HO HaHTH HanpaBJIeHHe rocy.aapCTBeHHofi lIesrreJlbHOCTH, KOTopoe o6ecne t lHBaJIOCb 6bl TonbKO o.nHofi BeTBblO BJIaCTH. cI>opMHpoBaHHe H nOD)1ep>KaHHe npaBonopMKa He HCKJ1I01..JeHHe, nOCKonbKY <»aKTHtleCKH BCst n:e.sITenbHOCTb rOCYl1apcTBa H ero HHCTI11)'TOB HanpaBJ1eHa Ha TO, llTO- 6bl 06eCnellHTb npaBOBOH nopHllOK peaJII13aUHH 06meCTBeHHbiX OTHowe- HHH. CKa3aHHoe He 03Hal.JaeT, liTO B npouecce «CKB03HOHJo) peaJIH33UHH ... v OCHOBHblX Hanpa8J1eHH" rOCYl1apCTBeHHOI1 J1eJ1TenbHOCTI1, B TOM I.JHCne CBSl3aHHOM C <»opMl1ponaHHeM H ynpOtleHHeM npaBonopHlXKa, OTCyrCTBY- eT rjJYHKlJ,UOHQAbHaR CneUI1<j>MKa opraHOB rOCYl1apCTBa, CBSl3aHHaH C HX MHCTHTyUl10HaJIbHOH npHHawIe)l(HOCTblO K TOH HJlI1 HHOH BeTBH rocy.aap- CTBeHHOM BJlaCTH. PaCKpblTHIO 3TOH <j>YHKUHOHa.J1bHOH cneUH<»HKH 6YJ1eT nOCBSlweH Cnel1YIOUlI1M naparpa<» .nHccepTaUHH. nOKa )l(e, np0l10JDKaj{ xapaKTepHCTHKY CYWHOCTHblX npOJlBJIeHHM npaBonopHllKa, OTMeTHM, 1..JTO o6ecneQeHHe npouecca YCTaHOBJIeHIffi H <j>YI-IKUHOIIHpOBaHH.sI npaBonopHlXKa KaK oc06oro npaBonoro pe}l{J1Ma pCaJIH3aUI1H 06weCTBeHHbiX OTHoweHHM BO Bcex c4Jepax XH3HeJJ.eSlTeJIb- IIOCTM rocYJJ.apCTBa 11 06l1leCTBa npel1nOnaraeT peweHHe lpex B3aHMOCBSI- 3dHHbIX BonpocOB: Bo-nepBbIX KaKHe 06weCTBCHHbIe OTHoweHHSl no.n- ne>KaT npaBOBOM peryJlUHH, BO-BTOpbIX, KaKOH I1MeHHO npaBOBOH pe- }KHM JJ.on>KeH 6blTb YCT3HOBJIeH B KOHKpCTHOH cQ>epe 06weCTBeHHOM >KJ13HH, B-TpeTbHX, C nOMOlllblO KaKlX 06WHX H (HJ1I1) CneUHaJIbHblX pe- ryJISlTHBI-IO-OXpaHHTeRbHbIX cpellCTB't HMelOWHXCJI B paCnOp}l>KeHH" rocy- J1apCTBa, CJleJ1Ycr YCTaHa8J1HBaTb, nODJIep)l(}fBaTb H oxpalUlTb npaBonopSl- D.OK? PelllCHHe 3THX 80npOCOB npel1nOnaraeT HaJll111He onpeJ1el1eHHOro MexaHuwa 06eCne"leHWl npaeonopROKa, KOTOpblH npe.nCTaBJI.HeT C060H CHCTeMY IOpKnHQeCKHX H opraHH3aUI10HHblX <»OpM, MeTo.nOB 11 cpel1 C TB C0311aHWI H nOD.Qep)l(aHHfI rlpaBoBoro nopSLnKa )l(}f3Hel1eTeJIbHOCrH pOC- cHHCKoro 06UleCTBa.. I1HCTH1)1lHOlfa.J1bHO-<j>YHKUHOHanbHasI cTPYK1YPa 3Toro MexalIH3Ma CKJlM.bIOaeTC.sI H3 -rpex OTHOCHTeJlbHO caMOCTOSITenbHbIX, HO 83aI1MOCB.R- 33HlibIX nOJJ.CHCTeM, KOTOpblC caMM no ce6e JlBJ1.RIOTCH CI1CTeMHblMH .R8J1e-  v HHSlMH: HopMamu6Hou cucmeMbl, YCTaHaB11HBalOwel1 IOpl1nHl.JeCKH 3HaI.IH- Mble npaBHJ1a nOBeneHHSI cy61>eKTOB npaBa H 06eCneI.JHBaIOUleM YII0PHllO- lIeHHe COUHaJIbHblX OTHOWeHHH Me)l(llY HHMH, CUCmeltfbl zocydapcmeeHHou 6AGCmu. paccMaTpHBaeMYIO HaMH KaK lpl1M.a «<»YHKllHH rocYl1apCTBa rocYJIaPCTBeHHblH annapaT rocYllapcTBeHHasI l10n)I{HOCTh», o6ecnellH- BalOlll}1O pCaJIH3allHH 3TOH HopMHpoBaHHoCTH B paMKax COOTBeTCTByK>l.UeM KOMnereHUHH H 3aKpelliIcHHoH Ccl>ePbl l1esrreJIbHOCTH, CUCmeltfbl zapaHmuu peaJIH33UHH npaBOBblx YCTaHOBJIeHHH H o6ecneQellHH peanbHoro npaBOno- pH.llKa. PaccMcrrpHM 3THM nOJJ.CHCTeMbl 60nee 110l1p06HO. n m6e11HO.Jl 8/IlICmb 6 MexlUlU3Me 06eCRe-teHUJI nptl80noPRiJIal. He oc- TdHaBllMBaslCb Ha nOl1p06HoM aHaJlH3e nOJ]){o.aOB K KJIaCCI1<»HKaW1H <j> rocyapcTBa, npennO)l(ellHbIX psIllOM HCCJIeltOBareneH, B tlaCTHocrn, An.3epKillibIM H B.r. MrnaroBbw, J1.A MOP030BOH, I1.B. PaKHTCKOH, 15 
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.>KaHHC, 3aKJIIOt.JeHMe nOlt CTpa)KY I11IH COllep)KaHHe nOlt CTpIDKeH (CT. 301 YK P<I» BblHeceHHe 3aBeJI,OMO HenpaBOCYDHblX npHfoBopOB, pe- llleHMSI IDIH I1HOrO cYlte6HOrO aKTa (CT. 305 YK PCI», He3aKOHHoe no- MeweHMe B nCHXHaTPHt.{eCKI1H CTaUMOHap (CT. 128 YK PC1», HapYllleHHe Henpl1KOCHOBeHHOCTI1 )l(IDIHwa rpIDKllaH (CT. 139 YK PC1», npHMeHeHl1e Q>H3114ecKoH Cl1JIbl, CneUHaJIbHblX cpe.ncTB. OpYXMSI 11 60CB0i1 TeXHMKH C npeBblLUCHMeM nOJIHO!04MH (HenpaBoMepHoe npMMeHeHHe), B TOM 1..J.MCne 11 B ycnOBI1S1X t.Jpe3Bblt.Jai1Horo non O)KeH H51. 6. Ha.nullue OZpaHUliUmeAeU penpeccu8Hoii 8AQCmU locyoapcm8a. npa- BOBbIM MeXaHJ.13MOM nOll06Horo OrpaHl1 t leHI1S1 SlBJlSleTC}J YCTIlHOBJIeHHe H peaJIH3aUMSI pe)KMMa npa603aKoHHocmu B POCCI1M_ OpaB03aKoHHocTb 03Ha':laeT, lJTO B 06mecTBe, npeTeHllYlOlUeM Ha npM06meHHe K MHPOBOH UHBMJII13aUMM, BouapSlCTCJJ HeYKJIOHHOe H )f(eCTKOe rocnOllCTBO 3aKOHa, H B TO xe BpeMSI caM 3aKOH nepeCTaer 6blTb npOL1YKTOM BJIaCTM. ee np0J.13BOna H CBOCnOJIHSI. npaB03aKOHHOCTb 03Ha4aeT, tjTO B rocy.napCT- BC, npeTeliAYIOl1.lCM Ha npH06meHMe K MMPOBOH UMBHllI13aUI1H, BouapSl- eTCSI HeYKJlOHHOe 11 )KeCTKOe rOCnOltCTBO 3aKOHa, M B TO )Ke BpeMSI caM 3aKOH nepeCTaeT 6blTb npOllYKTOM BJIaCTM, ee npOM3Bona M CBOeBonlUl. n paB03aKOH HOCTb KaTerOpl1S1 He TonbKO npaBOBaSi. OHa SlBJISleTCSI COCTaBHOH tjaCTblO nOnMTI11..J.eCKOrO pe)KHMa, rocynapcTBeHHoi1 npaBO- Bon nonMTMKH"J BbICT}'naSi. KpOMe Bcero, M KaK nOBcelIHeBHaH npaKTMKa c06nlO.u.eHI1S1 npaBOBblX HOpM B pa3JIM':IHb1X cQ>epax COUl1aJIbHO.H )f(H3HM. npaB03aKOHHOCTb, 6YDY1..J.H MeTOltOM OCYlUCCTBJIeHI1S1 nOJIMTH1..J.eCKO- ro pC)KHMa, MeT0L10M peanH3auHM rocy,aapCTBeHHOH BJlaCTM, B TOM \IMC- JIe Ii BJlaCTI1 HcnOnHMTeJIbHoi1, OTPIDKaeT BHyrpeHHlO1O 3aKOHOMepHOCTb pa3BI1TMSI M ynp01.leHMSI .u.eMOKpaTMH. npellOCTaW1S1S1 lUMpOlOte KOHCTM- TyUMOHHble COUHaTlbHO-3KOHOMH':IeCKMe, nonHTMt.JeCKMe, nHt.{Hble npaBa rpIDKUalfaM, rocy.u.apCTBO 06S13aHO paCCMaTpHBaTb npaB03aKOHHOCTb KaK eCTeCTBeHHYIO nonHTMKo-npaBOBYIO Ii opraHH3aUHOHHYIO rapaHTHIO HX ocywecTW1eHMSI B npouecce 3aKOHo.u.arenbHOH, cy.u.e6HO" Ii MCnOJIHH- u TenbHO- pacnopSUlHTen bHOM JleSiren bHOCTIi.. OpraHH3a.qHOBBO"'DpasoBJ.le DP I 1. npUHun ourjJt/JepeH14Ua14UU u rjJuKcaul' rjJYHK14uii U nOJlHoJ'tIOIIUU cy6'beKTOB ocyweCTW1eHI1S1 rocYDapcTBeHHoH W1aCTM_ PeaJIH3aUMJJ 3Toro npMHUMna npeltnOnaraeT, liTO qeTKO OnpeltelIeHbl M 3aQ>HKCl1pOBaHbI B COOTBeTCTBYIOWMX HopMaTHBHo-npaBOBbJX aKTaX <l>YHKUHM M nonHOMO- tlMS He TOJ1.bKO Tex HllH HHblX roCYltapCTBeHHblX opraHOB, HO 11 HX CTPYKTYPHblX nOlIp a3 1IeneHHi1 C reM, lJT06b1 HCKJII01JliTb lty611HpOBaHHe Q>YHKUHOHanbHbIX 3Ma4 KOHKpeTHbix nOltpa3lteneHHH, c03,aaTb nerl1- TMMHble OCHOBaHMSI npHMeHeHIUI MMJ.1 Tex HllM HHblX cneUM<l>I1t.JeCKMX Q>OPM H MeTO.u.OB peanH3aUI1H CBOMX nOnHOMOI.JMH. 27 
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pa3.lleneHHH BJlacTei1 nOCBSIweHa 061.1UlpHaSi HayqHaH JUlTepaTYpa I, HaC >Ke, B nepBYIO OqepeJlb, MHTepeCYIOT Te IOpltllHqeCKHe COCTaBJISIIOLUHe 3Toro HHCTI1TYTa, KOTopble n03BonHIOT npe3HHeHTY 6blTb rapaHTOM YC- TaHOBJIeHHH H non..nep>KaHIDI B CTPaHe npaBOBoro nOpmIKa. B COOTBeTCTBHM. C npeXHeH KOHCTMTYUHeH PC<I>CP npe3MJ{eHT PC<I>CP npOB03rnaillaJICSI BbICI.UHM llOJlXHOCTHblM nl1UOM 11 rnaBO" HC- nonHHTenbHoH B.11aCTM B pecny6nHKe. no neMCTBYlOwei1 KOHCTHT)'l.{HM npe3MJ{eHT POCCHHCKOH <I>e.nepaUHH SlRJISleTCSI rnaBOH rocy.napCTBa. Ta- IQ1M 06pa30M, KOHuenuWI npe311JIeHTCKOM BJlaCTM, npHHHTaSI KOHCTH- T)'UMeH 1993 f., 3Hat.JHTeJIbHO OTnHIJaeTCSI OT npe)KHei1. 31'0 H3MeHeHHe BbI3BaHO 06eKTHBHOH Heo6xoJlMMOCTbIO H311eneHMH npe3IW e HTa non- HOM01J:HSlMM, 06ecnellHBalOWHMM eJlHHCTBO rOCYllapCTBeHHOH BJIaCTH, u YCTOHqHBOCTb CHCTeMbI ynpaBJIeHKSI rOCYJlapCTBeHHblMM neJIaMM, corna- COB3HHoe <t>YHKllMOHl1pOBaHl1e BeTBeH BJlaCTH B ycnOBM.sIX pa311eneHMSI BJIaCTeH. 06eCneqMBaSi H HanpaBJ1S1S1 pa60Ty Bcex cl>ellepaJIbHblX rocy- llapCTBeHHblX opraHOB, BblnonHSlH aKTHBHble KOOPIIHHHPYlOlllHe cl>YHK- UHH, npe3H..aeHT JleHcTByeT B Ka1.IeCTBe rnaBbl rOCYllapCTBa, 3aHMMaSi . CG.MOCmORmeAbHoe U 2JlG8eHcm8YIOU(ee nOJlOJICeHUe 6 cucmeMe Op2DH06 20- cyiJapcm8eHHOU 6JlaCmu. EYJl}'\IH IOpHllMQeCKH 11I1CTaHlll1pOBaH OT Bcex BeTBeH BJIaCTM, npe3MeHT HOpMOTBopQeCTByeT, ynpaBJIHeT, pa3pewaeT cnopbl, OCYllleCTBJISIeT KOHCTHTYUHOHHblM KOHTponb. I1HblMM cnOBaMM, npe31U.1.eHT 6b1cmynaem aKmU8HblM 'f<m80p140M» npa806020 nOpROKQ, npo- 80iJHUKOM pe£jJOPM, 8 mOM 'lUCJle 8 npaeooxpaHUme/lbHOii ctjJepe. no CyrH, Bce CTpaTerHQeCKMe OpraHI13aUHOHHbie MOllepHH3 a Ul1H npaBOOXpaHI1- TenbHblX CTPYKTYP Ha npOTH}KeHMM 1991 2003 rr. 11 nepBoH nOJIOBI1HbI 2004 r. caHKUHOHHpOBaHbl HMeHHO npe3HlleHTCKI1MM YKa3aMI1, HMH xe 06eCneQMBaeTCSI peaJIH3aUI1S1 KOHuenUMM YKpeTIJIeHMSI BepTMKaJIH I1C- nOJIHMTenbHoH BJIaCTH, KOHuenUHH cy.ne6HoH pe<t>opMbI 2 , npOBe.neHMe npaBoBoM 11 3llMHHHcTPaTI1BHOM pe<t>opM 3 . UenblH naKeT npe3KlleHT- u CKHM YKa30B, B TOM 1.IHCne, M3JlaHHblX Y>Ke B nocnellHee BpeMjl, HanpaB- neH Ha 06eCneQeHI1e cTa6HJIbHOCTH Q>YHKUHOHl1pOBaHMSI rOCYllapCTBa, I CM.: nOCTaTeHHbli1 KOMMeHT3p"H K KOHCTliTYUMM POCCH"CKOH «1>en.ep a U"1i / non. 06w.. pe.n. Ky.npJlBueB3 10.8. M.: <l>OHn. <cnpaBOB3.f1 K)'nbTYpa», 1996; KaUft08 B.H. KOHCTI1TYUHOHHO-npaBoBoH CTaTYC npe3HlleHTa POCCliM: TeopHH Ii npaKTHK3. - Cn6., 1999. 2 CM.. HanpliMep: CAnn, 1994. N2 13. CT. 985; C3 P<I>, 1994. N 31. CT. 3253; 1995 NQ 22. CT. 2033; N2 28. CT. 2642; N249. CT.4773; 1996, N9 2. CT. 69; NQ 10. CT. 882; C3 P<I>. 2001. N2 31. CT. 3135. J CM.: YK83 npe3HlleHTa P<1> OT 23.07.03 r.. N2 824 110 Mepax no npoBen.eHl11O MIi- HHcTPaTHBHoij pe<l>opMbl B 2003-2004 ro,llax ll / / C3 P<I>. 2003. N2 30. CT. 3046. 31 
331.l.ll1TbI KOHCTHT)'IJ.HOHHOrO CTpOSl, npaB H cBo6on. lJenOBeKa 11 rpa>K1la- HHHa, 06111eCTBeHHOH 6e30naCHOCTH 1. KOHCTHT)'lII1H cO.nep)KI1T PJUl HOpM, HanOnHHlOllil1X peaJIbHblM CO- .nep>KaI-IHeM npOB03rnarneHHOe elO nOnO)KellHe 0 n pe311.n e HTe POCCl1ft- CKOH <J>e.nepalIHI1 KaK rapaHTe KOHCTHTyUHH POCCI1HCKOft <J>ellepaUI1H, cnellOBaTenbHO, H rapaHTe <POpMHpyeMoro KOHCTHTyUI10HHblMH HopMa- MI1 eOUHOZO npa6060l0 nOAJI CmpaHbl. npe31111eHT HaueneH I-IeOrpaHI1QeH- HbIM npaBOM 3aKOHO.naTenbHoft I1HHlIl1aTHBbI, n03BOnHIOWHM eMY B KOHKpeTHOH npaBoBoi1 <pOpMe CTaBHTb BOnpOCbl 0 pe3J1H3aUHH KOHCTI1- 1)'UI10.lliblX nonO)KeHHH, npHBe.neHHI1 3aKOHOllaTenbCTBa POCCHHCKOH <J>e.nepaUHI1 B COOTBeTCTBHe c KOHCTI1TyUl1eH_ TaK, npe3HJ1eHT BnpaBe HCnOnb30BaTb npaBO BeTO Ha CTaLll1H nOn.nHCaHH.R 4>e.nepaJIbHbIX 3aKO- HOB (4. 3 CT. 107 KOHCTIITYUI1I1), B TOM lJl1CJ1e KaK rapaHTHIO 06eCne4e- HHH HX KOHCTHTYUI10HHOCTI1. OH BnpaBe npHOCTaHaBnHBaTb .neHCTBHe aKTOB OpraHOB HCnOJIHHTenbHOH BnaCTH cy60eKTOB POCCI1HCKOH <J>elle- paUI1I1, B nepByJO OlJepe.nb, B Cn)"-Iae npOTI1BOpelJHH 3TI1X aKTOB KOH- CTHTYUI1I1 POCCHHCKOH <J>e.nepaUHI1 (q. 2 CT. 85 KOHCTI1T)'lIHH). npH npOTHBOpC4HI1 nOCTaHOBneHHM 11 pacnopIDKeHHH npaBHTeJlbCTOa KOH- CTI1TYlIHI1 POCCHHcKOi1 <J>e.nepaUHI1 npe3M.neHT onpaBe OTMelUlTb I1X (q. 3 CT. 115 KOHCTHT)'lll1l1). B COOTBeTCTBHI1 C KOHcTI1T)'Ul1ei1 npaBa H cBo6o.nbI lJenOBeKa 11 rpa)K,llaHHHa onpe.nenSlIOT CMblcn, co.nep)KaHl1e H npl1MeHeHHe 3aKOHOB, lleHTenbllOCTb Bcex opraHOB rocy.napcTBeHHoH MaCTH, MeCTHoro caMO- ynpaBneHHH H 06eCnelJHBalOTCSI npaBocy.nHeM (CT. 18). B 3TOH c<t>epe KOHCTHTYUHlI OTBO.nHT npe3111leHTy oco6ylO ponb. BblcrynaH rapaHTOM npaB 11 cBo6o.n LJeJIOBeKa 11 rpa)KJ1aHI1Ha, npe311lXeHT pe3J1H3YCT CBoe KOHCTI1TYJ..1HoHHoe nonHOM0411e B npouecce OCYllleCTBneHKSI 3aKOHo.na- v TenbHOH HHHUl1aTHBbI, a TalOKe npl1 H3.naHHH YKa30B, HanpaBJIeHHblX Ha 3allll1TY npaBOBoro nOJIOXeHIDI nH1.JHOCTH B lIenOM H OT.neJIbHbIX rpynn HaCeneHl1l1, BKJII01.Ja.Sl neHCI10HepOB, BoeHHocnY)KaWI1X, BbIH}')K.L1eHHbIX .. I Ha30BeM nHUJb He3Ha"'JliTenbHYIO "JaCTb TaKHX YKaJOB. CM.: YKa3bJ npeJI-fJlCHTa P<J> OT 21.04. 2000 f. N2 706 «06 yrBep)l(lleHHH BoeHHoH JlOKTpHHbl POCCJ.1iiCKOH <!>e.nc- paUliH) 1/ C3 Pet> 2000. Ng 17 CT. 1852; OT 17.12.97 f. N2 1300 «06 yrBep)Kl1eHI1H KOHuenUliH HaUHOHaJ1bHOI1 6C30naCHOCTH POCCI1HCKOI1 et>e.acpaUHJ.1) II C3 P<I>. ]997. N2 52. CT. 5909; 2000. N2 24. CT. 170; OT 22.01.01 r. 1'12 61 «0 Mepax no 6opb6e C TeppopH3MOM Ha TeppliTopHIi CeBepo-KaBKaJCKOfO perHOHa POCCHHCKOH <!>e.aepa- UHI1) 1/ PoccliiicKaH ra3eT3. 2001. 23 SfHBapJl; OT 29.04.96 f. Nq 608 «0 focy,napcT- BeHHOii cTP.3refHIi 3KOHOMlil{eCKOH 6e30naCHOCTJ.1 POCCI1HCKOii et>eJ1epaUI1H (OCHOB- HblX nOnOJKCHHHX)>> II C3 P<!> 1996. N2 18. Cr. 2117; YK3J npeJH1leHTa Pet> OT 24.11.03 f. N2 1384 "0 COBeTC npH npC3ltD.eHTe POCCI1HCKOH et>e.aepauHH no 6opb6e C KoppynUHeft tf 1/ C3 P<J>. 2003. N2 48. CT. 4657. 32 
nepeceneHueB, C1)'lleHTOB 11 JIPyrl1x oc060 HY}KJlalOlUI1XC B 3allll1TC CO CTOpOHbJ rOCYJIapCTBa I. npe31UleHT 06ecnetJI1BaeT eOUHcmeo ucnOAHumellbHOU 8JlQCmU B POC- CI1I1CKOI1 <I>ellepaUI1I1 11 ocyweCTBlIeHl1e nonHOMOtjl1H <pellep3J1bHOH ro- CYllapCTBeHHOI1 BJIaCTH Ha BCe" Teppl1TOpl1H POCCI1I1. YKa3bl 11 pacno- pIDKeHI1 npe31111eHTa 063aTeJ1bHbI JJ.1IH HcnOnHeHI1H Ha BceH TeppHTO- pl1H <t>ellepaTHBHoro rOCYllapCTBa. C 33lla1.JaMI1 nOLWep}l(aHI1.sJ 11 YKpen- neHI1S1 eJII1HCTBa I1CnOnHI1TeJ1bHOH BJIaCTI1 CBSI3aH pHil YKa30B npe311- lleHTa, 1131laHHbiX B pa3Hoe BpeMSI. B I1X 1.JHCne aKTbI, 11311aHHbJe BCKope nocne npl1HHTIDl HOBOH KOHCTI1TYUI1I1 POCCMI1, Hanpl1Mep, «0 Mepax no YKpCWIeHl110 eJIHHOI1 CHCTeMbl HCnOnHI1TenbHOH BJlaCTH B POCCI1H- CKOH <I>ellepaUHH)2 ° Bbl60pax ry6epHaTopOB Ii rnaB aD. M H H HCTpaUH:H 3 , o eJJ.HHOH CHCTeMe <t>en.ep3J1bHbJX opraHOB I1CnOnHI1TeJ1bHOH BJIaCTI1 B 06naCTI1 CBSl311 B POCCI1HCKOH <I>ellepaUl111 4 11 liP., a TalOKe aKTbI, Ha- v npaBJleHHbIe Ha YKpenJIeHHe BepTI1K3J111 I1CnOnHI1TenbHOH BJIaCTH, npl1- I-I.sJTble Ha npOTH}I(eHHe pJilla nOCnellHI1X neT. B I1X 1.Jl1cne cnen.yer Ha- 3BaTb, npe)t(.lle Bcero, YKa3 npe31UleHTa P<I> OT 13 MaS! 2000 r. NQ 84 «0 nOnHOMOIJHOM npellCTaBI1Tene npe31111eHTa POCCI1HCKOH <I>ellepaUI1I1 B <pellep3J1bHOM oKpyre)5. npe3IIDCHT HaaeneH 11 oco6blMU nOA/tOMOQUJlMU 6 cpepe 06eCnel.leHUJI npoeOnOpJlOKa. B lJaCTHOCTI1, OH ellHHOnl11.JHO npl1HI1MaeT OnepaTI1BHbIe perneHI1SI, BbI3BaHHbIe 3KCTPaoplll1HapHblMI1 06CTOHTeJIbCTBaMI1, BnpaBe BBOJII1Tb BoeHHoe WII1 tJpe3BblIJaHHOe nOnO}l(eHl1e Ha Teppl1TOpHI1 POC- CI1HCKOH <I>ellepaUI1I1 HlII1 B OTllenbHbIX ee MeCTHOCTSIX 6 . CneJIyeT OTMe- TI1Tb H TO, IJTO Bce CWIOBble Ii npaBOOXpaHI1TenbHbIe CTPYKTypbl Haxo- IDITCS! B HenocpellCTBeHHOM nOll1J11HeH1111 npe3lUleHTa, OH yrBep)l([laeT nOnO}l(eHI1 06 3TI1X opraHax, 6e3 cornaCOBaHI1H C HI1)I(HeH nanaToH napnaMeHTa Ha3HaqaeT Ha 1l0n}l(HOCTI1 11 oCB060>KLlaeT OT D.On}KHOCTI1 v nepBblx PYKoBOJII1Tenel1 npaBOOXpaHI1TenbHblx MI1HI1CTepCTB 11 Be- 1l0MCTB 7 . 3aKoHoOameAbHaJi BerBb rocYllapcTBeHHoM BJlaCTH nocpellcTBoM 3a- KOHOJIaTenbCTBa <t>opMl1pyeT npaBoBble OCHOBbI npaBOnopSlllKa, oqepI.Jl1- ..... BaeT KPyr rocYD.apCTBeHHbIx ueHHOCTeIi 11 HHTepecoB, HaXOIDIWI1XC.sJ nOli I CM.: C3 PeD. 1994. 1'12 15. CT. 1712; N2 17. CT. 1954; C3 PeD. 1995.1'12 6. CT.474; NQ 9. CT. 735; NQ 51. CT. 5054. 2 C3 PeD. 1994. N2 24. CT. 2598. J C3 PeD. 1995. NQ 3. CT. 154. 4 C3 PeD. 1995. N2 50. CT. 4902. 5 C3 PeD. 2000. N2 20. CT. 2112; 2001. NQ 6. CT. 551. 6 CM.: Cl>ellCpaJIbHhlH KOHCTHTYUl10HHblH 3aKOH OT 30 MaS! 2001 r. 1'12 3-eDK3 «0 ":IpC3Bbl'laHHOM nOnO}l{CHI111& II C3 PeD. 2001. NQ 23. CT.2277. 7 DaHHoe nOnO)KeHHe npCllYCMOTJ)CHO B CT. 32 eDe.nepanbHoro KOHCTHl)'LlHOHHoro 33KOHa OT 31.12.97 r. NQ 3-eDK3, pernaMcHTHpYlOlllcro nCS1TcnbHOCTb npaBHTenbcTBa POCCI1HCkOii eDcnepaUl111 II C3 P<J}.. 1998. NQ I. CT.. I. 33 2 XecMH3 H.M. 
'" v ""' rOCYllapCTBeHHO-npaBOBOH 3alllHT0I1, B TOM tJl1cne TaKHX Ba)KHel1mI1X, '" KaK rocyn.apcTBeH Hbl H CYBepeH I1TeT, Teppl1TOpl1aJI bHaH uenOCTHOCTb, rOCYllapCTBeHHaH 6e30naCHOCTb 11 T.ll.; neran:M3yeT yqacTHI1KOB 06111eCT- BeHHbIX OTHOmeHl1lf B Ka'-leCTBe cy61>eKTOB npaBa 11 onpeJI.enSleT I1X npa- BOBOH CTa1)'C; YCTaHaBJII1BaeT CHCTeMY opraHOB rOCYllapCTBa, cneUI1aJ1I1- 311PYIOWHXCH Ha oxpaHe npaBOnOpSl,lI.Ka, 11 onpelleJIHeT MX KOMneTeH- UMIO; npellYCMaTpl1BaeT caMY B03MO)KHOCTb, OCHOBaHI1S1 H BMbl IOpH- 1111'leCKOlf OTBeTCTBeHHOCTH 3a HenpaBOMepHoe nOBeJI.eHl1e <l>H3I1lJeCKI1X 11 IOpMl1l1eCKHX nHll, npH3HaHHbIX rocy.uapCTBOM Cy6'beKTaMI1 npaBa. BellYlllHM, C TOIIKH 3peHMH Hamero HCCJIenOBaHIUI, HBJIHeTCH Bonpoc o cnoco6HOCTH 3aKOHOTBop4eCKOH n.eHTeJIbHOCTH 06eCne'lMTb CBOH 6nOK QJOpMl1pOBaHHH npaBOBoro nopMKa B YCJIOBI1HX COBpeMeHHOH POCCI1H. Ha nepBblH B3rnSl)l., TaKaH nOCTaHOBKa Bonpoca Bo06we He- npaBOMepHa. nOCKonbKY npaBOnOpSl,lI.OK <t>OpMaJ1bHO M HMHeTCJI OllHHM M3 pe3ynbTaTOB npaBOTBoptJeCKOH <t>OPMbI n.eHTenbHOCTI1 rOCYJI.apCTBa. C1>aKTl1l.leCKI1 }l(e n.a.neKO He Bce 3aKOHOllaTenbHble YCTaHOB.11eHHJI npell- CTaBHTenbHOH BeTBI1 MaCTI1 MOryr 6blTb npaBOBblMM no cBoefi cyrl1'1 C u JI.pyrol1 CTOpOHbI, 3aKOHOllaTeJlbHble aKTbl MOryr npOTI1BOpelJl1Tb 3aKOH- HbIM HHrepecaM fll1lJHOCTI1, 06111eCTBa, rOCYllapCTBa. MeXaHI13M npeOllO- neHI1H 3THX HeraTI1BHblX MOMeHTOB 33J10)KeH B OpZQHU3au,uu lleHTenbHO- CTI1 (]>ellepaJ1bHOrO C06paHI1H, HaXOIDI CBoe Bblpax. eHl1e 't B 'laCTHOCTI1, B pa3rpaHI111eHHM npellMeTOB BeJI.eHMSI Me)K,lly COBeTOM <1>eJI.epaUI1I1 H fo- CYllapCTBeHHOH .aYMOH, pernaMeHTaUl111 3aKOHOllaTeJ1bHbIX npouen.yp (3aKOHOllaTenbHb1H npouecc)'. B COOTBeTCTBl111 co CT.. 102 KOHCTI1TYUI1M K Be,lIeHMIO COBCTa (]>elle- pau"" OTHOCSITCH: a) yrBep}l([(eHMe 113MeHeHI1H rpaHl1l.( Me)K)lY cy61>eK- TaMI1 POCCHHCKOH <1>eJI.epallHH; 6) yrBep:>KD.eHHe YKa3a npe3H1leHTa POCCHHCKOH <1>ellepaUHI1 0 BBeJI.eHHI1 BoeHHoro nOnO)KeHHSI; B) yrBep- )tU{eHMe YKa3a npe3Hl1eHTa POCCMHCKOti C1>enep a UI1H 0 BBelleH1111 lJpe3- BblQaHHoro nOnO)KeHIDI; r) pemeHMe Bonpoca 0 B03MO)I(HOCTM Hcnonb- 30BaHMH BOOp}')KeHHbIX CI1JI POCCHHCKOH <I>eJI.ep a U HI1 3a npelleJ1aMM TepplITOpMH POCCHHCKOH <1>ellepauHH; D.) Ha3HaQe"Ue BbI6opOB llpe3H- lleHTa POCCI1HCKOH <1>ellepaUI1H; e) OTpemeHMe rlpe3HJleHTa POCCI1H- CKOH <1>ellepallHI1 OT .non}l(HOCTI1; }I() Ha3HatJeHHe Ha 1l0n)KHOCTb CYJI.elf KOHCTI1TYUI10HHOrO CYlla POCCI1HCKOH <1>ellepal.(l1l1, BepXOBHoro CYJI.a POCCI1I1CKOH <1>ellepaUHI1, Bblcwero Ap6Hlpa)KHOrO Cyna POCCI1HCKOH <1>e.nepaUHI1; 3) Ha3HalJeHI1e Ha JI.On)KHOCTb 11 OCB06o)K,lleHHe OT JI.on}l(- ...- . .... .& I CM.: PernaMcHT COBeTa cI>ellepauHH <I>ellep3JlbHOrO Co6paHI1S1 POCCHJ1CKOH <t>ene- paUlil1 (yrB. n0CT3HOBJ1eHl1eM COBeTa <1>el1epaUHH Cl>ellepanbHoro Co6paHHR P4> OT 06.12.96 r. NQ 42-C4» (c "3M. 11 non.) II C3 P4>. 1996. NQ 7. CT. 655; nOCTaHOBJIe- HHe focynapcTBeHHoM llyMbl 4>ellepanbHoro C06paHHSI P<I> OT 22..01.98 r. N22134-11 rn 1'0 PernaMeHTe fOCYl13PCTBeHHOii nYMbl <J>cnep3J1bHOrO Co6paHHJI POCCHHCkOH <I>cnepaUI1Jf l (c 113M 11 non.) / / C3 Pet>. 1998. NQ. 7. CT. 80 I.. 34 
HOCTH reHepanbHoro npoKypopa POCCJ.1MCKOM t1>ellep3UJ.1J.1; 11) Ha3H3e- HHe Ha llOJIJKHOCTb J.1 oCB060eHHe OT .aon>K.HOCTJ.1 33MeCTJ.1TenH npel1- cel1aTenH CeTHO" nanaTbl J.1 nOnOBJ.1Hbl COCTaBa ee aYJIJ.1TopOB. B COOTBeTCTBJ.1J.1 CO CT. 103 KOHCTH1)'UHJ.1 K BeneHl110 rOCYJJ.apcT- BeHHOH llYMbl OTHOCHTCH: a) l1aqa COrnaCJ.1H npe3HJl.eH1)' POCCI1HCKOH t1>cl1epaUI1H Ha H33Ha4eHI1e npellce.naTenH np3BJ.1TeJJbCTHa POCCJ.1MCKOH 4>ellepaUI1I1; 6) perneHJ.1e Bonpoca 0 1l0BepHJ.1 npaBJ.fTenbcTBY PoccHi1- CKOH 4>e.nepaUJ1J.1; B) Ha3H34eHHe Ha llOn)KHOCTb H OCB06o)KlleHJ.1e OT 110n)f(HOCTI1 npellCellaTeJISI UeHTpanbHoro 6aHK3 POCCJ.1i1CKOH 4>eJIepa- UHJ.1; r) Ha3HaQeHJ.1e Ha 110n}l(HOCTb J.1 OCBo60)l(J1eHHe OT JIOJI)KHOCTJ.1 npel1CellaTeJ1H CeTHO" nanaTbl J.1 n0J10BJ.1Hbl COCTaBa ee aYl1HTopOB; .a) Ha3Ha4eHJ.1e Ha llOJ1)KHOCTb 11 OCB060)l(J1eHHe OT llOn}l(HOCTJ.1 YnonHO- MoeHHoro no npaBaM lJenOBeKa, lleHCTBYlOwero B COOTBeTCTBJ.111 C <j)e- .nepanbHblM KOHCTJ.11)'UJ.10HHbIM 3aKOHOM; e) 06oSlB1IeHJ.1C aMHJ.1CTJ.1H; )K) BblD.BJ1>KeHHe 06BJ.1HeHJ.1H npOTHB npe31'IlleHTIl POCCJ1HCKOM ct>e.nepa- UliJ.1 lIJISi OTperneHJ.1H ero OT 110Jl>KHOCTI1. B COOTBeTCTBJ.1J.1 C PernaMeHTaMJ.1 COBeTa 4>ellepaUJ.1H 11 rOCYllapCT- BeHHOH llYMbl onpelleneH nopHllOK 3aKOHOllaTenbHbiX npoueJJ.YP.. B '-la- CTHOCTJ.1, nopMOK BHeCeHJ.1S1 3aKOHonpoeKTOB, nopMOK HX paCCMOTpe- HJ.1H, OTKJIOHeHJ.1H H nOBTopHoro paCCMOT}JeHHH. TaKJ.fM 06pa30M, MO)K- HO KOHCTaTHpOBaTb, TO Ha KOHCTH1)'UJ.10HHOM J.1 HOpMaTJ1BHO- npaBOBOM ypOBHSlX 3a<pJ.1KCJ1pOBaH TOT 6anaHC nOnHOMOlJI1H.. KOTOpblH meopemUlleCKU MO}l{eT OnTI1MJ.13J.1pOBaTb 3aKOHOllaTenbHbll1 npou.ecc, YC- TaHOBJ.1B npOTJ.1BOBeC BepOSlTHblM nocneWHblM H HellOCTaT04HO npOLlY- MaHHblM 3aKOHOJIaTenbHbiM pellleHJ.UlM OJIHOH nanaTbl. OJIHaKO, KaK CnpaBelJ)lHBO OTMetiaeT IO.A. TJ.1XOMJ.1POB, 3aKOHOJJ.a- TenbCTBO B POCCHI1 C lia4ana 90-x rOllOB nepeCTano 6bITb YCTOH1.JJ.1BbJM H cTa6HnbHblM: C MaH (990 no MaH 1998 r. npHHHTO OKono 900 3aKOHOB, 4TO HaMHoro npeBblwaeT npe)KHHe TeMnbl 3aKOHOTBop4ecTBa I. Pa3YMe- eTCSI, cnellyeT J.1TbIBaTb llHHaMJ.13M 06wecTBeHHblx npoueCCOB J.1 Heo6- XOJIHMOCTb BocnOnHeHJ.1H np06enoB B npaBe. OllHaKo, KaK OTMe':laeTCSI B JlHTepaTYpe, HecTa6J.tJlbHOCTb 3aKOHOllaTenbCTBa CBH3aHa H C ero HeBbl- COKHM KaeCTBOM. YCl1JIeHHaH 3aKOHoTBop4eCKa51 J.1 n01l3aKOHHaSi npaBOTBopecKaH lleHTenbHOCTb J.13-33 «pa3MbIToro» nOHJ.1MaHJ.1H 3aKOHOllaTenbCTBa npo- THBOCTOHHJ.1H 4>el1epaUHJ.1 H ee cy6'beKTOB, pa3JIJ.1lJHblX nOJIJ.1TH'-leCKJ.1X CHJI 11 T.n. nOpO)I(.QaeT pSill HeraTHBHblX HBJIeHHH. C OJIHOH CTOpOHbJ 3aKOHOllaTenbHble opraHbl BO HMSI nOBblrneHJ.1H ponJ.1 JaKOHa HeonpaB- llaHHO llCTanJ.13J.1pYIOT ero, nOllMeIDIJOT cOJIep>KaHJ.1e no.n3aKOHHbIX aKTOB 3aKOHaMJ.1, 'lTO, eCTeCTBeHHO. He cnoc06CTBYeT cTa6HJ1J.13aUHH nocnen.- I CM.: TUXOMUp06 IO..A. 06W3J1 KOHuenUlfJl p33BHTHH 33KOH0H3renbCTBa / / )l(ypHa.rl POCcHHcKoro npaBa. 1999. N2 I. - C. 13. 35 - 
"HX. Ha CerOllIDIlllHI1i1 lleHb I1MCCTCH MHOXeCTBO 3aKOHOB, perynl1- PYIOll1.HX Mcn KHe , He3HaqHTeJ1bHble BOnpOCbI, KOTOpble l..(eneC006pa3HO peWaTb nOJI3aKOHHbIMH aKTaMI1. Ha30BeM nMWb HeKOTOpblC 113 HI1X: «0 6H6nI10Te1.JHOM llene) I, «0 nOXOpOHHOM Aene»2. 3aKOH TepllCT CBOIO perynHTI1BHYIO npeCTI1XHOCTb. nopoi1 npaBOl1pHMeHI1TenlO TPYllHO pa- 306paTbCSI, 1.JeM }l(e OTnH1.JaeTCSI TOT HJIH I1HOi1 3aKOHOllaTeJ1bHbIH aKT OT TOrO WIH HHOrO nOCTaHooneHWI 3aKOHOllaTenbHOrO OpraHa, npaBI1TeJIb- CTBa, YKa3a npe3HlI.eHTa. npH1.JI1HOH 6e311ci1cTBH.H 3aKOHOB lIB.1llleTCH HI13KOe I1X Ka'-leCTBO. 3aKOHbl HaCbllUCHbl lleKJIapallIDIMH, nOXeJIaHHlIMU, OnHCaHHSlMH, B HHX C Tpy.aOM npHXOlllITCR OTbICKHBaTb HOPMY npaBa. HI13KHH ypOBeHb pSlJI.3 3aKOHOB, nOCnelllHOe HX H3MeHeHHe Ii lla)Ke OTMeHa., HCCOrnaco- BaHHOCTb C npOrpaMMaMH peijJopM, Bellyr K nOTepe npeCTIDKa 3aKOHa B 06weCTBe. n03TOMY 3aKOH 11 BOCnpHHI1MaeTCH KaK 1l06poe nOXeJIaHHe, KOTOPOMY BOBce He 06H3aTenbHO cnellOB3Tb. B CB.H311 C 3THM nOSlBHJlHCb TaKHe Her3TI1BHble .HBJIeHHlI, KaK COnpOTI1BJIeHHe 3aKOHY, HenOBHHOBe- Hl1e eMY. Bo MHOfHX CJ1Y'-laSlX pa3pa6oTKa H npl1HSlTl1e He06xOAI1MOfO 3aKOHa TOpM0311TCH OTnHI.JHeM n0311Ul1H pa3pa60T1.JHKOB, OTpa}l(alOllll1X pa3JIl1l.J- HbIC COUJ.1aJIbHbIe I1HTepeCbl, napTI1i1Hble CHMn3THH 11 nOTpe6HOCTH pe- rHOHOB.. 3aKOHOllaTeJ1bHbJe aKTbI Bce tJame CTaJIl1 npHHHMaTbCH nl160 nOD I.JbHM-TO llaBJIeHHeM t nH60 CTHXHHHO, B pe3ynbTaTe lleHcTBliSl CH- 1)'aUHOHHbIX, H, npe)K,lle Bcero, nOnHTHl.JeCKI1X cpaKTOpOB. J1066H3M, BJ1HHHHe pa3JIHI.JHbIX nOnHTI11.JeCKHX CM 3aMeTHO CKa3blBalOTCH Ha u '"' «npoTaCKI1B3Hl1e» TOM MH I1HOH n0311UI1H npH nOllrOTOBKe H npHHHTl111 3aKOHa. 3TOT npouecc BO MHorOM CTaJI OTnl1t.JaTbClI xaOTH4HOCTblO 11 6eCKOHTponbHOCTblO, 1.JTO npl1BeJ10 K OCJIa6neHI11O BHYfPHCHCTeMHbIX cBH3eM pOCCH:HCKOrO 3aKOHOllaTenbCTBa 3 ., MHOrOlJI1CJ1eHHbIM cpaKTaM npoTI1BOpetJl1J1 npl1HI1MaeMblX cpellepanbHblX 3aKOHOB KOHCTHTYUI1H POCCHMCKOH <1>e.nepallI111 4 , HeBbICOKOMY K31.JCCTBY 3aKOHOllaTenbHoi1 1 I CM.: cI>3 P<I> OT 29.1294 f. NQ 78-<1>3 "0 6H6nl10Tel.{HOM Ilene.' / / C3 Pc!>. ] 994. N2 1. CT. 2. 2 CM.: cI>3 P<1> OT 12.01.96 r. N1 8-c!>3 "0 norpe6eHI111 11 noxopOHHOM n.ene" (c 113M. 11 non. OT 28.06.97 f.. 21.07.98 f., 07.08. 2000 f., 30.05.2001 r.) II C3 Pc!>. 1996. NQ 3. CT. 146. 3 Eonee non.p06Ho 0 ((3aKOHOllaTcnbHb1X nopOKax) C1.: COAbHUK08 B.fl., Cmena- ULUH C.B., Xa6u6YllUHQ H.H. rOCYJ1apCTBelIHaSi lWeOnOfl1H 11 SlJblK 38KOHa. - Cn6., 2001. - C. 120 H CJJeIl.; CepbI.X B.M. 3aKoHOTBOp"JeCTBO KaK BHD. COUI13nbHOrO npo- eKTHpoBaHJtSl 1/ np06neMbl IOpKAl1l.{eCKOH TeXHI1KU: C60PHI1K CraTe" / nOli pell. B.M. 6apaHOBa. H. HOBropoLl, 2000. - C. 45-52; KOHuenuHSI cTa611RbHOCTI1 3aKO- Ha. - M.: I1rn PAH, 2000. - C. 18-19. 4 CM., HanpJ.tMep: nOCTaHOMelll1S1 KOHCTI1TYUI10HHOfO CYlla, ony6nl1KoBaHHbie B .'BeCTHI1Ke KOHCTHTYUI10HHOrO CYIla POCCI1HCKOH C1>C.llepaLlI1H 1 " 2001 f., NQ 5; 1999.. NQ 22; 1999, NQ 1, 1998, NQ 3. 36 
.lleHTenbHOCTH cy61»eKTOB 4>eD.epaUHI1 OC06eHHO B \laCTH ee COOTBeTCT- BIUI KOHCTHT}'UHH POCCM" 11 $ellepaJIbHOMY 3aKOHOD,aTeJIbCTBY, o6ec- ne'!eHWI Ha TeppHTopHH POCCHH ellHHoro npaBOBoro npOCTpaHCTBa J. ECJIH 3aTPOHyrb npaKTHKY npaBOTBOpqeCTBa llPyr"X rOCYllapCTB, TO MHOrl1e 3apy6e}I(Hble 3aKOHbl nOKa3blBaJOT 60JIblllYIO cTa6HJ1bHOCTb no cpaBHeHHIO C poCCHHCKI1MH HopMaTHBHblMH npaBOBblMH aKTaMH. M.lle- aJIbHble npHMepbl 60nee tJeM D.OCTaTO\lHOii CTeneHH cTa6WlbHOCTH 3a- KOHOB BenHKaH xapTHH BonbHOCTeH 1215 f., HBJIHlOwa.SlC.R COCTaBHOH 4aCTblO 6Pl1TaHCKOH HenHcaHoi1 KOHCTHTYUHH; nOLJTI1 200 neT D.eHCT- BYeT r pa)l(llaHCKI1li KOlleKC « HanoneOHa)} <1>paHUHH; 60nee 50 neT 6e3 nonpaBOK nei1cTBYIOT KOHCTHTYUHH 5InoHHH H I1TaJIHI1. 0606waSi COllep}I(aWHeCSl B nl1Tepa'fYPe HlIe" 0 COBeprneHCTBOBaHHM 3aKOHOTBOpIJeCKOrO npouecca KaK O.llHOM H3 YCJIOBHH 06ecne4eHKSI npaBonopMKa, MO)I(..HO Ha38aTb p.n MeponpHTHH, KOTopbIe Heo6xOlll1- Mbl .DJIH 3Toro. 1. flpo8eoeHue OCH08HblX MeponpuHmuii o6U{e2o xapaKmepa: · npOBelleHHe aKTHBHOH 11 XOpOlllO npOJlYMaHHO" rOCYllapcTBel-l- HOJ1 nOflHTHKI1 B ccpepe 06eCneI.JeHIDI npaBonopSIllKa H HaUHO- HaJIbHOH 6e30nacHocTH, CTPYKTypHpoBaHHoH no COOTBeTCT- BYIOWI1M c<t>epaM (3KOHOMI1Ka, npoTHBolleHcTBHe npeCTynJIO- CTI1, reOnOfll1THKa, COl.{l1aJIbHa 3aU{HTa nHI.JHOCTH H T.n.); ..., · ocyweCTBJIeHHe MepOnpIDITH" no llOCTH.>KeHHIO rpa)tUJ.aHCKoro COrnaCH.R B OTHoweHHH nOJII1THKO-npaBOBoro YC'rpOftcTBa rocy- apCTBa; · cpaKTI11.JeCKOe 06eCneqeHI1e npHHllHna pa311eneHHR BJIaCTei:{ np" HaJIHI.JHH 3$$eKTI1BHOH CHCTeMbl C.llep.>KeK H npOTI1BOBeC08; · npKLIaHl1e 60nbllleH tleTKOCTH HopMaTHBHo-npaBoBOMY perynH- p08aHHIO B3aHMolleftcTBH}I Bcex BeTBei1 BJIaCTH Ha Bcex 3Tanax 3aKOHOTBOpI.JeCKOrO H 3aKOHopeanH3aUHOHHoro npoueCCOB.. 2. llpo8eoeHue OCH06HblX Meponpuflmuu cooepJICameAblt020 xapaKmepa: · HOpMOTBop4eCKa.Sl pa3pa6oTKa CTaHJlapTOB pa3Hoo6pa3Hblx 3a- KOHOB, OTpa)f(aIOWHX HaHBblCl11HM ypoBeHb HX Kal.JeCTBa, B TOM I.jHCJIe OTpaCJIeBbIX; · 3aKOHOD.aTenbHoe 3aKpenneHHe HaY4HO 060CHOBaHHWX Tpe6o- BaHI1", npeD.1>HBJISleMbIX K $opMe 3aKOHa, KOTopa cywecTBeHHO 3Ha t lHMa MH peaJIH3aUHJ1 npaBOBblX HOpM; u · ynopSUX01.JeHHe 3aKOHOllaTenbH0l1 TeXHHKH; · HOpMOTBop4eCKa pa3pa6oTKa nI1HrBHCTI1I.JeCKHX CTaHllapTOB Sl3blKa 3aKOHa; · 3aKOHOllaTenbHoe 3aKpenneHHe TaKJ1X OCHOBHbIX TPe60BaHHH K v 3aKOHonpoeK1)' KaK: nonHOTa perynl1pOBaHI1S1 COOTBeTCTBYlOweM I CM.: Waxpau CM. KOHCTHTyUHoHHOe npa80CYHl1e 8 CHCTeMe poccHikKoro ct>e.ne- pal1li3M3. - Cn6., 2001. - C. 242-282. 37 
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Cyoe6HaJl 8AQCmb npHHHMaeT Ha ce6S1 npH3HaHHe H BOCCTaHOBJIeHHe cy6beKTI1BHOrO np3B3, KOTOpOe B03HHKaeT KaK pe3ynbTaT lleHCTBHH npa- BOnOpWlKa, 3 T310Ke KOHCTaTHPYeT HaJIHIJl1e $aKT3 HapYllleHHH. npaBOnO- pSlJI.Ka Ii onpen.eJlHeT KOHKpeTHWe MepbI rOCY.llapCTBeHHOrO pearnpOBaHIDI Ha KOHKpeTHOe npaBOHapYllleHHe; BblCT}'naeT rapaHTOM 3aWHTbi K3K OT np0l13BOJIa HCnOnHlITenbHOM BJIaCTH, TaK H OT npHHHfIDI II I1CnOJIHeHIDI 3aKOHOB Ii nOD3aKOHHbiX aKTOB, HapywalOWHX 3aKpelUleHHble B OCHOB- HOM 3aKOHe OCHOBbl KOHCTI1TYUHOHHOrO CT}JOH, rap3HTI1pyeMbIe rOCYllap- CTBOM KOHCTHTYUI10liHbie np3B3 11 CBo6011bl rp3)K.Ll3H. KOHCTaTaUHSI <l>aKTa cywecTBOBaHJ1R B POCCHHCKOH <l>ellepaUHH cy- lle6HOH BJIaCTH KaK C3MOCTOHTenbHOH, He3aBHCI1MOH BeTBI1 rOCYllapCT- .... BeHHOH BJIaCTH B COl.jeT3HHH C KOHCTI1TYUHOHHblMH r3paHTI1HMI1, Ka-  .... - C31OWl1XCH CTaTYca CYllbl1.. CJI}')KliT BaJKHOI1 npellnOCblJIKOH Haae.>KHOI1 3aWI1Tbi cyn.e6HOH CI1CTeMOH ny6nJ1'lHbIX H ({aCTHbIX I1HTepeCOB B ({aCTI1 06eCne1.JeHIrfSi npaBonopWlKa 11 pe)l(l1Ma 3aKOHHOCTI1. npaBOCYJIHe OC06blH BItll IOpI1J1H'leCKOH llewrenbHOCTH, B03J1arae- MblH 06WeCTBOM 11 rOCYllapcTBOM Ha cYlle6HYlO BJl3CTb. nOIDITHH «npaBO- CYllI1C» J1 «cYlle6HIDI BJI3CTb) He TO)KJJ.CCTBeHHbl, XOTSI OHH BblpIDKalOT cyw- HOCTHble xapaKTCpl1CTHKH OllllOH H TOft )l(e zocyoapcmeeHHOU ljJYHKlI,UU, KO- TOpaR 3aKJIIO'-IaCTCH B TO,,"{ tlT06bI paCCMampueamb U pG3peWamb pll3/lUlIHble cnopbl U KOHrjJAuKmbl, C6Jl3GHHbie C oeucmeume.tlbHblM WlU npeOnOAGcQeMbLM HapyweHueM HOpM npaea.. npaBOCYllHe OCYlUeCTBmleTCH HMeHeM H BJIaCTblO rocynapcTBa B YCTaHOBJleHHbIX 3aKOHOM npol.(eCCYaJlbHblX <l>oPMax nyreM paCCMOT}JeHI1H HCKOBbIX TPe60DaHHH, ]WlBJ1eHI1H, xOliaTaftCTB, llpyrHX M3- repHaJlOB (06BHHHTeJlbHbIH aKT npoKypopa H T.D.) B YCJJOBHHX 1 06ecnetJH- BaIOWHX p3BeHCTBO npaD CTOpOH. nplrf 3TOM c06nlOn.aeTcH PM KOHcnrry- l.(HOHHO 3aKpermeHHbiX npoueccYaJIbHblX npHHl.(HnOB.. B n.eMoKpaTHtlecKHX o6111ecTBax I1MeHHO H3 npaBocYllHe B03nO>KeH3 MI1CCHSI 3aWI1Tbi KOHCTI1l)'l.(HOHHbIX npaB H CBo6oD. rpa}l(lJ.3H; B 3TOM CMblcne Cyn.bI Bcex BMOB BblnonHHIOT .nBe BIDKHeHwile H 83aHMOCBH- 33HHbIe QJYHKl.(HI1 np3B033WHTHYlO H npaBoBoccTaHoBHTenbHYIO, KO- TopbIe He MOryr 6blTb BblnonHeHbl B nOJlHOM 06DeMe n.pyrl1MI1 npaBO- npHMeHHlOlUl1MH opraHaMIi. no cMblcny CT. 118 KOHCTHl)'UHI1 POCCHMCKOH <Dellep3uHI1 B POC- CHH HeT Ii He D.On)l(HO 6blTb HHbIX, KpOMe CYllOB, rOCYJI.apcTBeHHbIX HJIH 06weCTBeHHblX opraHOB, KOTopble I1Menl1 6b[ npaBO pa3pelllaTb rpax- 113HCKHe, yrOJ10BHbIe, MI1HHCTpaTHBHble H I1Hbie llena. HOCHTenJlMI1 cy,ue6HOH B.11aCTI1 11, CJIellOBaTenbHO, ynOJ1HOM01.JeHHbIMH 3aKOHOM Ha OTnpaBJ1eHHe npaBOCYllHH MOryr 6bITb TonbKO Cy.nbH, a TalOKe npHCIDK- Hble H HapOllHble 3aCeD.aTenl1 B cnY'JaJlx, YCTaHOBJIeHHblX 3aKOHOM I. I CM.: et>K3 OT 31..12.96 r. 1'i2 1-K3 «0 cy.ne6HoH CI1CTeMC POCCI1HCKOH cI>ellepa- UHI1» II C3 Pet> 1997. N1 I. CT. I; K3 OT 04.07.03 r. N1 3-cI>K3 "0 BHeceHHH 113MeHeHI1J1 11 JlOnOnHeH"" B (]>en.ep3JlbHblH KOHCTI1TYUI10HHblH 3aKOH .'0 cyn.e6HoH CI1CTCMe POCCI1HCKOH Cl>en.epaUHH tI 1/ C3 P€]). 2003. N1 27 (qacTb I). CT. 2698. 39 
JlnHrenbHoe BpeMS1 B YCJlOBHSlX 6blBWerO CCCP CYl1bl Ii CYllbl1 Ha- v v ""'" ""'" XOllHJIHCb no.n OneKOI1 napTI111H0I1 H rOCYllapCTBeHHOI1 HOMeHKJIaTYpbI. Or60p CYllei1, I1X Ha3Ha l leHI1e Iia 110n.>KHOCTb, npOllBI1.>KeHHe no cnY.>K6e.. CTHnb pa60Tbi H .na>Ke COllep.>KaHHe 11 xapaKTep BblHOCHMbIX peWeHI1H_ np e llOnpelleJ1S1JJI{Cb O<!JHUHaJIbHbIM nOnl1Tl1lJeCKI1M KypCOM OTpa)Kae- v MblM B COOTBeTCTBYIOWHX napTHHHblX llOKYMeHTax. B TaKI1X ycnOBI1S1X ellBa nM MO.>KHO 6blJIO rOBopHTb 0 I-IC3aBI1CHMOM I{ aBTopHTeTHOM npaBOCYllHI1; opraHbI npaBOCYlll1H CTaHOBHJII1Cb npl1- D.3TKOM 31lMHHI1CTpaTI1BHO-KOMaHllHOM CHCTeMbI 11. no cYWeCTBY, 06- cnY.>KI1BaJ1H KapaTenbHble aKUI1H cOBeTcKoM BnaCTH. ee PYKoBOJ:lwero 5llIpa. C03.naBaJIHCb It BHecYlle6Hbie opraHbI C paclUHpeHHoH KOMneTeH- uHeH. TaK, cornaCHO nOCTaHOBneHHIO UMK H CHK CCCP OT 5 H0S16pS1 1934 f. npH HapollHoM KOMI1CCapl1aTe BHyrpeHHI1X n.en 6blJl0 ytlpe)l(l].eHO Oc060e COBewaHl1e c npaBOM npl1MeHHTb BbICbIJlKY, CCblJl- KY, 3aKJIIOlJeHI1e B I1cnpaBHTenbHo-Tpy.nOBbIX narepSlx Ha CpOK n.o nHTI1 neT H BblCblnKY 3a npeD.enbl CCCP. HapMY C OC06blM COBemaHHCM Ha MeCTax, B 06naCTHbIX, KpaeBblX I{ pecny6nHKaHCKI1X ueHTpax C0311aBa- nHCb npeCJIOByrble «lpOHKI1)., B03rnaBIISleMbIe HalJ3J1bHHKaMI1 Teppl1TO- pl1aJIbHblX ynpaBneHHH HKB. B HX COCTaB BXOD.l1nH PYKOBOllHTenl1 v napTI1I1HbIX, COBeTCKHX oplaHOB 11 npellCTaBI1TeJIH npoKypaTypbl. «TpOHKH» npHHI1MaJIH peweHHSI 0 paCCTpenax, 0 nl1WeHl111 CB06011bl Ha DJII1TenbHble CpOKI1 11 llpyrHX BHeCYlle6HbiX Mepax pacnpaBbl C Heyroll- HbIMI1 BJIaCTSlM JIIO.nbMH. B npaBOBOM rOCYllapCTBe, KaKHM npOB03rnarneHa POCCI1HCKaS1 <l>e- llepaUHSI B KOHCTI11)'UI1I1 1993 f.. Ha npaBOCYD.l1e B03naraeTCSI oc06aS1 MI1CCI1H no pa3BHTHIO B 06weCTBe npl1HUl1nOB lleMOKpaT1111 H HalJaJI cnpaBe.D)1I1BOCTH. L\.nR 3Toro C031laeTCSI 11 COOTBeTCTBYlOwaS1 HopMaTHB- HaS1 6a3a cYlle6Hoi1 pe<t>opMbI 1 , non.rOTOBneHHOrO B An.MHHHcTpaUHI1 npe31111eHTa POCCHH. 3HaS1 06lUHH BeKTOp 3aKOHOllaTenbHbix HOBaUHH, CJIellyeT nOJ]J:1ep.>KaTb BbICKa3aHHyJO B JIJiTepaTYPe 2 H }')ICe 4>aKTl1lJeCKI1 peanl130BaHHYlO l1J1eJO 0 uenecoo6pa3HOCTI1 BOCCTaHOBJIeHH}I TpeXMH- CTaHUHOHHOff cYlle6HOH CHCTeMbI, yqpe)K.LleHHoi1 ew B XOlle cYlle6HOH pe<l>opMb! 1864 r. B BHlle: Cyn.OB nepBoH HHCTaHUHH (MHpoBbIX cYlleH H OKp}')KHbIX CYllOB), aneJUIHUI10HHbIX CYllOB BTOPOM HHCTaHUHH" npH co- xpaHeHHI1 cywecTByJOweM TpeTbei1 (KaccaUHoHHoH) HHCTaHUHI1 B nHu.e BepxoBHoro CYlla POCCI1MCKOH <l>ellep a UHI1. B 3TOH CBH311 Henb3H He 3aTpoHyrb Bonpoc 06 aOMuHucmpamu6HoM cyOonpou38odcmee t S1BJIS1IOWHMCSI no cMbIcny CT. 118 KOHCTHTyUHI1 Poc- CI1H onHHM H3 onocpellOBaHI1H cYlle6HoH B.,1aCTH B CTpaHe.. Heo6xollHMO " POI I CM.: nOCTaHOWleHl1e COBCT3 cyneif p OT 30.01.01 r NQ 43 '10 xone cYlle6HoH petPopMbl B PoccHRcKOft <l>ellepaUI1H H nepCneKTI1BaX pa3BHTHJI cyne6HoH CHCTeMbl l1 2 CM.: A11eKCGHcJp08 A.H. YronOBHo-npoueccyanbHaR nonHTHKa B POCCl111 B ycnoBHJlX pc4JoPMHPOB3HHJI rocynapCTBa: HCTOpHH 11 COBpeMeHHOCTb. - Cn6. 1998. 40 
v v OTMeTHTb, 1.JTO B COBeTCKOl1 3JI.MHHHCTpaTHBIIO-npaBOBOH HaYKe I1CCJ1e- u v D.OBaHHH CaMOI1 KaTerOpliH «3.llMIiHI1CT}JaTHBHbIl1 npouecc» HMeJOT npo- 1l0n}l(MTenbHYEO Ii CnO}l(HYIO HCTOpHIO. ):to peBonlOUH Ii , a TalOKe B 20-e rr. B POCCHH a.aMHHHCTpaTHBHblit npol.(CCC paCCMaTpHB8J1CSI no aHa.rrorl1l1 C rpa>Kl1aHCKI1M H yronoBHblM npOlleccaMH K8K cyae6Hblu npou.ecc, 3aaalJei1 KOToporo SlBnHeTCH YCTa- HOBJIeHHe H oxpaH8 cy61>eKTHBHbIX ny6nHIJHbIX npaB B CYD.C6HOM no- psw.Ke opraHaMH aLlMI1HHCTpaTHBHOH IOCTHl.(HJ.1. MMHHHCTpaTHBHYIO EOCTHUHIO B 4>opMe aaMHHIiCTpaTHBHblX cynoB C1.JliTaJIli npellnOIJTHTenb- Hoff <POpMOH OpraHI13aUHI1 HCKOTopble PYCCKJ1e yqeHble eme B Hatta.rre XX B. I TaK, B MOHorpa<t>MH B.A. PSl3aHoBcKoro, BnepBble ony6nHKo- BaHHoi1 HMCHHO B 3TO BpeMSI, 060CHOBbIB8e1'CJI «eJI.HHCTBO npouecca)} yronoBlloro, rpa>Kl1aHCKOro H aaMJ1HIiCTpaTHBHOro II HccnellyeTcH npo6neMa KOHl.(enUli11 cYlle6Horo npaBa 2 . B nepBble rOllbl nocne peBonlOUHH B EOpItnH1.JeCKOff nl1TepaTYpe ewe nHC8J111 0 He06xoJI.IiMOCTI1 pa3BliTHH 3.llMHHlicTpaTI1BHOH JOCTHl.(HH B CCCP. OllHHM 113 nepBblX COBeTCKHX a.LlMIiHHCYpaTI1BI1CTOB npo4>ecco- pOM M .):t. 3arpSlUKOBbiM 6bIJI BblCKa3aH llenbIH PM npelIJ10}l(eHHH 06 M.MI1HHCTpaTHBHoM npouecce. UeHHbIMH, coxpaHHBUJHMH CBoe 3Ha1.Je- HHe H B HaCTOSllUee BpeMSI, SlBnHIOTCH ero npeWlO>KeHHH 06 YCTaHOBJIe- HHI1 ny6nH\lHocTIi paccMoTpeHI1S1 aaMHHlicT}JaTI1BHblX cnopOB, o6H3a- TenbHOCTH yqacTIiJi CTOpOH npH IiX paCCMOT}JcHIiH H nlpaHTHpOBaHHI1 cTOpOHaMI1 B03MO}I(HOCTI1 npen.CTaBJICHI1H 11M" llOKa3aTenbCTB no n. eJIy 3. C CepeJI.HHbl 20-x rr. OTHOLUCHlie K np06neMe a.aMIiHI1CT}JaTI1BHOrO npouecca Ha\ll1HaeT MeHHTbCH. B IOpH,lJ.Ii\leCKoi1 nHTepa'I)'PC CTMO yrBep- v )I(J1aTbCSI MHeHHe 4TO MHCTIiTyr MMI1HI1CT}JaTHBHOH IOCTJ.1UHI1 OpraHH1.Je- CKH t.JY>Kll a,lIMI1HIiCTpaTHBHOMY npaBy4, LJTO OH SlBJISleTCSI 6yp>Kya3HblM u J.1HCTH1)TOM, KOTOpbII1 B COBeTCKOM npaBe cooepl11eHHO He npHMeHSleTCSI. C KOHua 20-x Ii 110 Hal.J8J1a 60-x rr. Ct.JI1TIUIOCb caMO co6oi1 pa3YMelO- WHMCH, 1.JTO B CCCP aaMMHI1CTpaTHBHoH IOCTl1l.(l1H Boo6we He MO)KeT 6blTb. B 3TOT nepl10JI. nOCTeneHHO CJ10>KHJIOCb IiHoe, «LUHpOKoe» nOHH- MaHJ.1e 3.llMMHHc-rpaTHBHoro npouecca, 06YCJ10BJIeHHoe Heo6xOllHMOCTbIO pernaMeHTal.(MH lleSlTenbHOCTH opraHOB rOCYllapCTBeHHOrO ynpaBJIeHIDI, B KOTOpOM HeT MeCTa MMI1HHCT}JaTHBHOH IOCTHlllil1. B KOHueHTpHpOBaH- I-IOM Bltne 3TOT non.xon 060CHOBaH B 1949 r. C.C. CTYlleHHKHHbIM" non.- ... I CM. ItanpllMep: KOPKYH06 H.M. AaMI1HJ.1CTJ)aTliBHbIC cynbl B npYCCHIi II )l(YPHaJ1 rpa)t(JlaHCKoro Ii yronoBHoro npaBa. KH. 5-6, 1880; Tapac08 If. T. AaMI1HUclpaTJ.1B- HaH IOCTI1UI1H II 3eMcTBo. 1882, NQ 18. 2 CM.- PR3QH06CKUU B.A. EaliHCTBO npouecca. - M.: JOpWl 6K>po "rOPOnEU", 19%. - C. 30. 3 CM.: 3aZpRL(K06 M.J1.. AaMI1HliClpaTI1BHaH IOCTHUI1H Ii npaBO )Kan06bl B TeOpJ.11i Ii JaKOHOl1aTeJlbCTBC. - M... 1925. - C. 112 115. 4 CM.: HOCOB E. K Bonpocy 0 TCOpHI1 COBeTCKOH aLlMliHliCTpaTliBliOH IOCT"UI1I1 II COB. npaBo. 1925. M4 (16). - C. 83. 41 
qepKHYBWHM, I.JTO «(I1CnOnHI1TenbHO-paCnopSlLlHTenbH3.ft .ne.ftTeJIbHOCTb OCYllleCTBmleTCH H3 OCHOBe onpe.neJleHHblX npoueCCYaJlbHblX np3BWI, COBOKynHOCTb KOTOpblX 11 COCTaBJISleT anMHHHCTPaTHBHblH npOueCC»I. I1cCJle.aOBaHHe np06neM a,aMHHHCTp3TI1BHOrO npouecca 3KTYaJlH3H- pOBaJll1Cb K KOHl.lY 50-x ro.aOB XX B., KOrDa, nocne XX C"beJ.aa KnCC, B pa60TY ynpaBJIeHQeCKHX H npaBOOXpaHHTenbHbJX opraHOB H3I.Janl1 BHe- .apJlTbCH 3neMeHTbi 33KOHHOCTI1. B 60 80-e ro.abl B p33p360TK)' np06neM anMI1HHCTpaTHBHoro npoueCC3 BHeCJlI1 CBOH BKJlM. TaKHe KpynHble yqe- Hble K3K H.r. CanHweBa, B.L1. COPOKJ1H, B..A. J]OPKSl, f.l1. neTpOB, A.E. J1YHeB L1.H. 6axpax. M.A. fan3raH, E.B. ,[lOPOHHH, 11.11. nonoB, A. n. UleprHH. H31160nee JaMeTHblMH p36OT3MH Toro BpeMeHH ClJHTaIOT- CJI TPI1 MOHorpacpl1H: H.f. CanHweBOH «AaMHHHCTj)3THBHbIM npouecc B CCCP)2, paCcMOTPeBUleH anMHHHcTP3TI1BHbJM npouecc npHMeHI1TeJlbHO K IOPI1C.aHKllHOHHOH .aeSlTenbHOCTH opr3HOB rocy.aapCTBeHHoro ynpaBJ1e- HIDI, H B.ll. CopoKHHa «np06neMbI anMHHHCTP3THBI-IOrO npouecca)} 11 «MMHHHcrp3TI1BHo-npoueccYaJIbHOe np3BO»3, KOTOpblti nOJIoUJen K p3ccMOTpeHI11O aLlMHHHCTpaTHBHoro npouecca C 60nee UlHpOKJ1X n03H- UHH, 060CHOBbJB3H taelO 0 TOM, IJTO Jl106aSl .aeSiTenbHOCTb opr3HOB ynpaBJleHHSI" 06CCneI.JHBaeTCSI npoueCCYaJIbHOM npouellYPOH. B H3CTOHwee BpeMH BO MHOrl1X eBponeticKHx CTp3Hax, 1paLlI1UI10H- HO BXO.aSlWHX B pOM3Ho-repM31ICKYIO npaBOBYIO ceMblO (H3npHMep, BO C1>P3HUI1H, C1>pr, Mcn3HHI1, WBeMuapHI1) aOMU1lucmpal17U61laR IOcmUl{UR (I1JIH 3.nMHHI1CTp3TI1BHOe cy.aonp0I13BOllCTBO) HBJ1HeTCJI CnO)KHBUlJ1MCSI '" HHCTI1T)'TOM, npHl.JeM BHHM3HI1e K anMI1HHCTpaTI1BHOH IOCTHUI1H CTonb BeJlHKO, liTO .aa)Ke no CPOpMaJlbHblM npl1JH3KaM OHa COnepHJ1l.JaCT C IOC- TI1UHeM KOHCTHrYUHOHHOH: H3npHMep, B CneUHaJlbHblX HaY'-IHbIX I1C- cne.aOBaHHSIX KOHCTJ1TYUHOHHOe cy.aonpOHJBo.aCTBO 3HaJIHJHpyeTcSI no- cJle 3.nMHHI1CTP3TI1BHOH IOCTHUHH 4 . B nocnellHee BpeMJI 3TOti np06neMe nOCBHUleHO 3Halll1TeJIbHoe KOnl1l.JeCTBO p360T 5 . B TOM '.J1cne .aI1CCepTa- y I C,l1yoeHuKllH C.. C. COUHaJ1HCTHl.feCK8S1 ClfCTCMa rocynapcT8eHHoro ynpa8J1eHHSI H BonpOCbl 0 npenMe,"e C08eTCKOJ"O allMHHHCTpaTHBHoro npaBa /1 BonpOCbl COBeTCKoro 3LlMHHHCTp3THBHoro npaBa.. - M.., 1949. - C. 44. 2 CM..: Cll/lIJIl4eBO H.r A.aMHHl-fCTpaTHBllbIH npouecc B CCCP - M.., 1964 3 CP.1.: COpOl<.llH B..D... np06JIC\lbl allfHHHCTpaTHBHoro 11pOlteCca. - M., [968; OH }KC: MMHHHcTpaTI18Ho-npoueccYaJ1bHOe npa80.. - M... 1972 nepnaSi pa60Ta B.ll. Copo- KHHa, nOCBSlweHHaH naHHoH npo6.neMa.rHKe, ony6nHKonaHa eu.(c paHbUJc.. CM..- Copo- KllH B.D.. AnMHHHCTpaTHBHo-npoLlcccYaJ1bHOe npaBO - oTpac.Hb np.1Ba / / C08.. rocy- n.apcT8o H npaBO, 1960. N2 8.. - C- 12-20. 4 CM.: RhillOW R., Koller H.. Kis..ft C Offentliches Prozessrecht und Justizvcrfassungsrecht des Bundes. Basel. Frankfurt am Mein. 1996. S. 275-318. 5 CM.: Kocmape8a T..A. 0 cYlle6HOH CltCTeMe q>pr / / )KYPH3.J1 pOCCJ.tHCKoro npaBa, 1997 N28. - C- 128-138; MaxuHa C..H. A.aMHHHcTpaTH8HbIH npouecc: npo6ncMbi TeopHl1. nepcneKTHBbJ npaBoBoro pel)'nHpOBaHHSI.. - BOpOHe)K: 113)1-BO BOpOHe>K- CKoro rOCYllapCTBCHHoro YHlt8epCIITeTa 1999.. 42 
UJ.10HHOrO YPOBH$lI. B pa3Hoe BpeM$I BblCK33aHbi J.1HTepeCHbIC npeMO- )KCHJ.1$1 0 np0110n}l(eHHJ.1 poccHHcKo$1 npaBoBo$1 TpallHLl.J.1H H 0 C03LlaHHH CneUHaJlJ.13HpOBaHHbIX CY110B (anMHHHCTjJaTI1BHbIH, COUM3JlbHbIH, TPY- 110B0$1, HaJIOrOBbIH, <!>J.1HaHCoBbli1, IOBeHaJlbHbli1)2. B CJ.1CTeMe cY11e6Hoi1 B11aCTI1 B tfaCTH 3aWHTbi rOCYlIapCTBeHHblX I1H- TepeCOB. oc06eHHO CBSl3aHHblX C 06eCnelJeHI1eM Ll.enOCTHOCTJ.1 TeppJ.1TO- pJ.1J.1. npJ.10pJ.1TeTOM <!>e11ep3JIbHbIX 3aKOHOB H T.Ll., npI1H8J])1e>KJ1T KOH- CTI1TYUI10HHOMY CYLlY Hnl1, 60nee TOlJHO KOHcmumyu,UOIIHOMY npGeo- cyiJulO. B nocnellHee BpeMSI J.1HTepeC yqeHblX K np06J1eMaM KOHCTHTYUIi- OHHoro npanocy.nH$I KaK npoueCCY3JIbHOH <!>OPMbl 3aWI1Tbi rOCYllapCT- BeHHo-npaBOBoro nopMKa JaMeTHO nOBblCl1ncSi. 06UJI1pHaSl 6H6nHo- rpa<!>M$I no 3TOMY Bonpocy J.136aBJISleT Hac OT He06xOlll1MOCTH paCCMOT- peHI1S1 H KOMMel-lTJ.1pOBaHHSJ 06WHX np06neM opraHH3aUHH J.1 LlCjlTenb- HOCTI1 KOHCTHTyUHOHHOro CYlla 3 . n03TOMY nOlllJepKHeM nHUJb 011J.1H, BIDKHblH Ha Haw B3rnSlLl, MOMeHT. npaBOCYllHC B uenOM, B TOM lJl1cne H np3BOCYllHe KOHCTI1TYUHOH- Hoe, IOpHllMlJCCKH HaXOllSiCb BHe CHCTeMbl 3aKOHo.naTenbHOM H Hcnon- HHTenbHo$1 8JIaCTI1, <!>OPMaJlbHO He MO)KeT 6bITb 8blpG3UmeJleM Tex 11J]J.1 HHblX qaCTHblX HJII1 rpynnoBblX I1HTepeCOB, 6y.nb-TO HHTepeCbJ OTlienb- Horo rpa>KLlaHJ.1Ha, KopnopaTJ.1BHble IUIH rOCYllapCTBCHHble HHrrepeCbI. n paBOCYLlHe HaXOlll1TCSI Ha 3Glqume l.JaCTHbIX HnJ.1 rpynnoBblX 3aKOHHblX npaB H HHTepeC08., ecnJ.1 3TH npana 11 HHTepeCbI HapyweHbl I1J]H cywe- cTByeT onaCHOCTb I1X HapYUJeHJ.1S1. n03TOMY Ka)KUOC cyne6Hoe peUJeHMe nOCBSlweHHoe nOCCT3HOBJIeHHIO JtapYUJeHHoro npaBa rpa)KD.aHJ.1Ha, KOp- II0paUJ.1H HnH rOCYllapCTBa B uenOM, «pa60TaeT) Ha YKpef1l1eHJ.1e npaBO- BOH 3aKOHHOC rH H npaBOnOpSlllKa. I CM., HanpltMCp COJl08be6o A.X. A11P.tHltHCTpaTI18HaSl IOCTHUI1H B PoeCH": npo6J1CMbl TeOpHI1 H IlpaKTHKJ.t AnTopC$. nI1Cc.. KaHll. IOpJ.tJl. HaYK. - Cn6. C3ArC, 1999 2 CM.. llel/om 1l.flI[ A11MI1HIICTpaTHBH3H IOCTJ1LlI1S1: TCOpeTJ14CCKHe np06neMb1 11., 1973 - C. 36-37; MellbHuK08l1 3.b. npeCT}'nHOCTb Hec08epWeHHOJleTHl1x: I1CTOpl1S1 11 C08peMCHHOCTb. - M.. 1990; POCCUHCKUU 6-B. AJ1MHHHCTpaTI1Bllb[e CYJlbl 11 np0l13- 80JlCT80 no nenaM 06 aD.t.tHHI1cTpaTI18HbIX npaBoHapymeHI1S1X / MarepllaJIbl Me>K.aY- llapOJlHoi:i H3Y"IHo-rlpaKTI1QeCKOH KOHCpeHUHI1 (4 anpe..rJSI 2003 f.. MocKoa). - M... MocY MBH POCCHH, 2003 - C. 146-152 3 CM_. 6eJ1KlIJI A.A. TCOpeTI1QeCKI1e 9 npaBOTBOpQeCKI1e 11 npa80npl1MeHHTeJ1bHble npo- 6neMbl KOHCTI1T}'LlHOliHOi1 oxpaHbl: ABTope. nJ1Cc... n-pa IOplfn. HaYK. - M., 1995; BOI/wee)/(H KOJtCTHTYLlHOllHblH cyn B CI1CTeMC focYllapcTBcHHOH BJlaCTI1: ABTOpeQ>. nHCC. .. KaH1l. IOpl1J1. HaYK. - M.,. 1994; BeoepHuKoe H. T Oc06eltHocTI1 CTaHOBJIeHI1S1 KOHCTHT}'lI110HHOrO npaBocynlfSi 8 PoeCl111 / / np06neMbJ YKpenneHHSI KOHCTHTYltl1- OHHOM 3aKOHHOCTH B POCCHi:iCKOi1 <I>cnepaUHH - Y<!>a, 1998. - C. 68-70; Bllm- PYK H.B. KOHCTHTYUI10HHaSi 3aKOHHOCTb 11 KOHCTI1T}'UI10HHOC npaBOCYJ1He / / npo- 6nCMbi YKpcrtJleHI1S1 KOHCTI1T}'UI10HHOi:i 3aKOHHOCTI1 B POCCHHCKOH <I>eD.epaUHI1. - Y$a 1998. - C. 33-40; CeJ1e3He8 H.B. KOHCTHT}'UI10HHblH Cyn POCCHHCKOA <J>ene- paLlHH B CHCTeMe cync6HoH 8J1aCT". - M., 1998; lllaxpau C. M. KOHCTI1TYUHOHHOe npa8ocynl1e B CHCTCMe poccHi:icKoro <!>enepanH3Ma. - Cn6., 2001 43 
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HeCBo6011bl>) I. C COJKaJ1eHJ.1eM npHXOn.HTCSI KOHCTaTI1pO BaTb, "ITO J])IJI pSUla HCCJ1e,nOBaTeneH 3TO 06CTOJlTeJ1bCTBO lie SlIL1S1eTCSI cywecTBeHHbIM, nOCKOJ1bJ<y OHI1 J.1 B HaCTOSlw.ee BpeMSI npo.non)K3IOT OTCTal1BaTb n.HCKpe- llHTJ.1pOBaBlUYIO ce6S1 ewe B KOHue XIX B. H.nCIO 0 TOM, IJTO nOJ1Huei1- CKaSl <PYHKUI1S1 pealll13yeTCSI apMl1ei1 11 opraHaM H 6e30naCHOCTI1 2 . <l>YHKUHOHaJlbHaSi CBSl3b Me>K.Qy I1CnOnHI11"enbHOH BJIaCTblO 11 o6ec- nel.leHl1eM npaBOnOpH.QKa BblpaJKeHa ilal160nee OTlJeTnltiBa B cl1ny K3K MHHI1MYM nSlTI1 06CTOJlTenbCTB. Bo-ncpBbIX, HcnonHHTCnbHaH BJ13CTb peanl13yeT H3J.160nblllJ.1H 06'beM npaBonpHMeHJ.1TenbHblX nOnHOMOIJI1H, 0TPa)l(alOlllHX 3aKOHon.aTenbHO 3acpl1KCHpOBaHHbie 11 I-ITepeCbl rocy,napCTBa B ccpepe np3BOnOpH.QKa. B CHJlY 3Toro HcnonHHTenbHaSl nJIaCTb Bcern.a paCCMaTpltlBanaCb B nonH- ueHCTJ.1Ke 11 anMHHHCTpaTHBHOM npaBe HMeHHO K3K npaBOOXpaHJ.1Tenb- IIaSl. «KaKHe 6bl BHJI.bl KOHKpeTHoH (HcnOnHI1TeJ1bHoi1) l1eSlTenbHOCTH rocyn.apcTBa MbI HI1 6paJIl1, OTMelJan ewe B Haqane XX B.. B. 11 o3ecp 11 , KCUKUbIH p33 3Ta n.eSlTeJlbHOCTb BCeueJ10 I1ClJepnblBaeTCSI npaBoBoH oxpaHoi1... Co,nep>KaHl1e BCJlKOH I1CnOnHHTenbHOH BnaCTH -,. IlpaBOBaJl oxpaHa, a BCJlKaJl HCnOnHJ.1TenbHaSi BnaCTb npaBOOXpaHI1TenbHaSl....»3. n01IHOMOLII1J1 HCnOnHI1Tenbl-IblX opraHOB B c<}>cpe 06eCllelJeHHH npa- BOnOpH.L\Ka 33KpermCHbi B 3aKOHon.aTenbHblX aKTax POCCHHCKOH <I>e,ne- paUI1H. TaK, 06waSl xapaKTCpl1CTI1Ka nOnHOMOIJHH npaBHTeJIbCTBa POC- CI1H B 3TOH c<}Jepe 3aKpenneHa B n. «e» CT. 114 KOHCTI1TYUI1I1 POCCHM- CKOM <l>ellepaUJ.1H 11 n.eTaJlJ.13HpOB3Ha B CT. 19 <I>e,nepaJIbHOrO KOHCTHTY- UHOHHoro 3aKOHa OT 17 lleKa6pSl 1997 I.. (c 113MCHeHI1S1MI1, BHeceHHblMH <I>e.nepaJIbHbIM KOHCTI11)'UHOHHbIM 3aKOHOM OT 31 neKa6pJl 1997 f. NQ 3-<I>K3) «0 npaBltlTCnbCTBe PoccHi1CKOH <J>eJ1epa UI1 11 »4 " B COOTBeT- CTBI1I1 C KOTOpOH npaBI1TenbCTBO YlJacTByeT B pa3pa6oTKe 11 peaJIH3aUJ1H focy,napCTBeHHOH nonHTMKH B 06naCTH 06eCneQeHI1J1 6e30naCHOCTI1 nHlJHOCrCH, 06weCTBa H rocyn.apCTBa; ocyweCTBJIJleT Mepbl no 06ecnclJe- HI1IO 33KOHHOCTM, npaB H CB060n. rpa}l(l].aH" no oxpaHe c06CTBeHHOCTH 11 06weCTBeHHoro nopRllKa, no 60pb6e C npeCTynHocTblO 11 n.pyrHMH 06- weCTBeHHO onaCHblMI1 JlBJIeHHRMH; KOOPIlHHI1PYeT pa60T)' Cl1nOBblX 11 npaBOOXpaHI1TCnbHbix Be,nOMCTB, Henocpen.cTBeHHo nOJl'IHHeHHbIX npe- 3J111eH1)' POCCI1H; pa3pa6aTblB3eT 11 peaJIH3yeT Mepbl no YKpennCH1110 KaLlpOB, pa3BHTHIO Itl YKpenJIeHl110 MaTepHaJIbHO-TCXl-ll1lJeCKOH 6c13bl I XapunzoH08 A.II. rocy.napcToeHHblH KOHlpOflb Halt npeCl)'nHcx...blO. - 01'.1CK" 1997 - C. 168. 2 CM.: MuxaiiAuK H. T nonl1ueMCKaH cpYHKUHS1 rocy.aapCTBa H ee pe3JI1133UJ1S1 B .aopc- BonIOUHOHIIO" POCCHH (HCTopWKo-npaBoBoj.i H TeOperJ1KO-npaBOBOH acneKTbl): AB- TOpecp. .nHCC... KaHll. IOpHlX. HaYK. - Cn6., 2004. - C. 12. 3 H03efjJu. B. OnblT IOpl1D.J1 l leCKOH HaYKM nOjlHUeHCKoro npaBa. OCllOBHblC nOHHTJ1H. M3repHaJ1bHOe nonHlleHcKoe npaBo. - MorwneB-rlon.., 1902. 1I.1. - C.23, 31. 4 C3 P<1>. 1997. N2 51. CT. 5712. 54 
npaBooxpaHliTenbHbIX OpraHOB; OCYlUeCTBJIJlCT Mepbl no 06ecnelIeHI11O -aeSlTenbHOCTH opraHOB cyne6HoH BJIaCTH. Ha ypOBHe cy61>eKTOB <t>enepaUI1I1 COOTBCTCTBYIOWHe nOnHOMOlJHJI 3aKpellJleHbl, K-3K npaBHJlO 3a KOHKpeTHblMI1 CTpYK1)1JHblMH no.apa3.ne- neHHSlMH opraHOB HcnonHHTenbHOM BJIaCTH. HanpHMep, 3aKOH CaHKT- neTep6ypra «0 c-rpYKType AnMI1HHC1'paUHI1 CaHKT-neTep6ypra)}I He Ha3blBaeT nOJlHOMOlJHJI AnMI1HHCyPaUI1H ropOlI a 11 ee KOJlnerH8JlbHOrO opraHa npaBHTeJIbCTBa B ccpepe 06eCneIJCHKSI npaBOnOp$UlKa, 3aKpe- finSl.sl npeOMembl eeoeHUH CTPYKTYPHblX no.apa3J1eneHl1ft, BXODJIWHX B CO- CTaB MMHHHCTpaUHI1, Hanpl1Mep B CT. 46( 42) npe-aMeTbl Ben.eHHSI rnaBHoro ynpaoneHHSI BHyrpeJ.IHI1X neJl CaHKT-neTep6ypra H fleHI1H- rpaacKoH 06J1aCTH.. BO-BTOpbIX, HcnOnHHTeJlbHbie opraHbl, JlBJIJlSlCb yqacTHI1KaMH 3aKO- HonpOeKTHO:H n.eSlTenbHOCT11 2 11 Cy6'beKTaMIi HOPMOTBop'.ecTBa, aKTI1BHO CPOpMHPYIOT npa BonopSlllO K, CPOpMbl H MeTonbl ero 06eCneI.JCHHS1 COOT- "'" BeTcTBYIOWHMI1 CTpYKTypaMH rocynapcTBeHHoH an.MI1HI1CTPaUHH npaK- TH1.JeCKH BO BCCX ccpepax )KH3HeneSlTeJlbltOCTI1 06wecTBa. HOPMoTBopl.Je- CTBO SlBJIeTC.sl onHOBpeMeHHo H CHnbHOH 11 CJla60H CTOpOHOft I1cnon- HI1TeJlbHOH W1aCTH. CUAbHOU nomOMY., 1.ITO nae-r eft B03MO)KHOCTI1 onepa- THBHO pearHpoBaTb Ha H3MeHeHI1J1 COUHanbHblX ycnoBHH >KH3He-aCJI- Tenbl-lOCTI1 o6wecTBa, BblCT)'naSl Be-aYWI1M cpcnCTBOM npaKTl1lJeCKOH peanH3aUHH ueJleH 11 3anaIJ a.aMI1HI1CTpaTHBHoH BJ1aCTH, OCHOBHOft Q>OPMOft ee HCnOnHI1TeJtbHo-pacnopSlllliTenbHoi1 n.eSITCnbHOCTH. CAa60u nOlnOMY, liTO 3Ha t lHTeJlbHOe '-IHCJlO HopMaTHBHblX npaBOBblX aKTOB. 113- nalOWI1XCSI cpenepanbHblMI1 opraJ.laMH HcnOnHHTeJlbHOH BJI3CTI1 H opra- HaMH BJIaCTH Cy6'beKTOB <t>e-aepaUI1H OTnl1"lafOTCSI HeBblCOKHM Ka1.ICCT- BOM HepeLlKO npOTI1BOpe l iaT cpe-aepanbHOMY M MeCTlfOMY 3aKOHo-aaTenb- CTBY. 3a nepBoe nonyronHe 2004 r. opraHaMI1 npoKypaT)'pbl B uenOM no . POCCHH BblSlBJIeHO 60nee 75 TblCSfIJ He3aKOflHbiX npaBOBblX aKTOB. BI1- .nHMO. MO}l(I-IO rOBopHTb H 06 aKTI1BH3allHI1 HaLl30plfOH n.CSlTenbHOCTI1 opralloB npoKypaTYPb[. OllHaKO rJlaBHbI1 Bce >Ke OCTaeTCJI KatleCTBO 'IV " HOpMOTBop'-lecKoH nCS1TeJlbHOCTH opralloB HCnOJlHHTenbl.OH BJIaCTI1 B-TpeTbHx'I B CHCTCMY HCnOJIHHTeJIbtlOH BJIaCTI1 BXOllSlT rocyn.apCT- BeHl-Ible Opral-Ibl. C03nalOWHe opzaIIU3au.uoHHo-npo806ble npeonocbLflKu npaBonopSlnKa oCYlueCTBJIS1S1 KOHTpOJlb 11 HaL130p 3a 3aKOHHOCTbIO B nonBenOMCTBeHHblX HM ccpepax M OTpacnSlx rocy-aapCTBeHHoH neJlTenb- HOCTH. CooTBeTcTBYIOWH!\1M nOJlllOMOLlHJlMI1 6blRH HalleJ1eHbl 8ce - I BCCTHI1K 3aKOHOllarenbiioro Co6paHI1S1 CaHKT-neTcp6ypra. 1996. N2 12. - C. II, 2001. J\(g 5-6. - C 57. 2 nOCT3H08"ICHI1C npaBHTCnbCTBa P4> OT 15.04. 2000 r N2 347 "0 cOBcprncHCTBoBa- HlfH JaKOHOnpoeKTHoH .aeRTCIIbHOCTI1 npaBHTenbCTBa POCCHHCKOH (f>eD.epaUHH 11 (c M3MeHCHI1HMH OT 02.08.2001 r.) / / C3 P4>. 2000. NQ 17 CT. 1877. 55 
60 c}Jen.epanbHblx opraHOB HCnOJlHHTenbHOH BJJ3CTI1, ynOMs:IHyrblX B YKa3e npe311D.eHTa POCCHH «0 CTpYKType <l>en.epaJlbHbIX opraltOB HC- nOJIHHTenbHOM BJlaCTI1» H cywecTBonaBl.Ul1X no 9 MapTa 2004 f. TaK. B COOTBeTCTBHI1 c nOnOXeHltfCM 0 MHHHCTcpcTBe POCCHHCKOM cI>e.aepa- 1.1I1H no HaJlOraM 11 c60paM I OHO SlBnSleTCJI c}Je,nepaJIbHbIM opraHoM I1C- nOnHHTeJIbHOH B1laCTH, ocymeCTBJISIIOWHM KOHTponb 33 C06JIIO.aeI-IHeM 3aKOHOOame/lbCmeO 0 "a.nozax u c6opax, locyoapcmeeHHblU KOHmpOAb 11 perynHpOBaHl1e B 06naCTI1 np0l13BOllCTBa 11 060pOTa 3THnOBoro Cnl1pTa H aJIKOrOnbHoi1 npOllYKUHI1, a TalOKe ocywecTMSlIOWI1M B YCTaIIOBJIeH- HOM nOPJiJAKe 80JllOmHblU KOHmponb. MI1HHCTepCTBO 3,npaBooxpaHeHHJf onpe,neJlSlCT nOPMOK H ycnOBHJI Hcnonb30BaJ(H HapKOTl1lJeCIGiX CpellCTB 11 nCHXOTPOnHblX BellleCTB B MenHl.{HHCKHX uenSix 11 ocywecTB- nSieT B npellenax CBoeH KOMneTeHUI1H KOHmpOllb 3D UX o60pomOM 1 . MlI- HHCTepCTBO no aHTI1MOHOnOJIbHOfi nonHTHKe H nO.llD.epXKe npen.npH- HHMaTenbCTBa ocyweCTBJ1S1eT KOHmpOJlb 3a co6nlOoeHueM mpe608aHUU aH- mUMOHonOflbHOlO 30KOHooalneAbcmea POCCI1HCKOH <I>e.nepaUI1H npH C03- ,naHI1I1, C.1lHSlHI1H H npHcoe,nHHeHI1H 061>e,nI1HeHHi1 KOMMep"leCKI1X opra- HH3aUHH (COI030B H aCCOUl1aUHH), 1I11KBI1.QaUHI1 11 pa3eneHI1H (Bbllle- neHI1H) rOCYllapCTBeHHblX I MYHHUHna.JlbHbIX YHI1TapHblX npCllnpHTHi1, a TalOKe npl1 npH06peTeHHI1 aKUHi1 (l!onefl) B YCTaBHOM KanHTane KOM- MepqeCKMX opraHH3aUHH 3 . MHHHCTCpCTBO IOCTHUI1H ocymeCTBJlSleT KOHmpOJIb 3a npaeWZbHocmblO ,.. u ceoeepeMeHHocmblO onYOJlUK08aHWl 30pezucmpup08aHHblX UM HopMamue- HblX np0808blX aKmoe c}Je,nepaJIbHbIX opraHOB HcnonHHTenbHOH RJIaCTI1; KOHmpOAb 30 coom8emcmeueM OellmeAbHOcmu 06weCTBeHHblX 06DellHHCHI1H HX YCTIlBHblM ueJlRM, a TalOKe 3a c06nlOlleHHeM peJlHrl103HblMH opraHH- 3aUIDIMH nOJlOXeHHH YCTaBOB, KaCalOWI1XCJI ueneH H nopSlllKa I1X lleJl- TeJIbHOCTI1; o6ecne1.JHBaeT KOHmpOllb 3a noeeoeHueM YC/108HO OCYJlCOeHHblX H OC}l)K1leHHbIX, KOTOpblM cynoM npe,nocraBJ1eHa OTCp01.JKa oT6bIBaHI1 Ha- Ka3aHID1; ocymeCTBJ1SleT Ha npOH3Bo,nCTBeHHbIX OODeKTax yronoBHo- HcnonHHTenbHoi1 CHCTeMbl pD3peWUmeAbHble, KOHmpOJlbHble u Ha030pHble ljJYHKU,UU 6 06llacmu npo.MblUiAeHHOU 6e30nDCHocmu 4 . B-lJeTBepTbIX, opraHbl I1cnonHHTenbltOH BRaCTH HaJIeJIeHbl lleHCT- BYIOWI1M 3aKOHo.aaTenbCTBOM, I1CKJIlOlJHTenbHO llIlpOKHMI1 nonHOMO- lJl1SlMI1 B cc}Jepe an.MHHI1CTpaTHBHOH IOPHC,nHKUHH, paCCMOTpeHI1S1 ,nen 06 8lIMHHHcTPaTI1BHbIX npaBoliapyweHI1S1x. HOBbli1 KoAn pC!> B rJIaBe 23 ynoMHHaeT 59 opraHoB HCnOJlHH1"'enbHOH BJlaCTH, ynonHOMOlJeHHblX paCCtaTPHBaTb llena 06 MMHHHCTpaTHBHblX npaBollapyrneHMSlx. Ha30- 1 C3 pc]> 2000. N2 43. CT. 4242. 2 C3 pc]). 1997 NQ 23. CT. 2691. J C3 P<I> 1999. N2 29. CT. 3756. 4 C3 P4>. 1999. N2 32. CT. 4043. 56 
BeM nl1llib He3HaIJHTenbHYIO I1X lJaCTb He OTHOCSlllI.HXCSI K KaTeropHH «npanooxpaH I1TenbHbIX»: HallMeH08aHUe opzaHa '" ucnOAHume.nbHOU 6/laClnu I OpraHbl3KcnopTHoro KOHTDOIlH OpraHbl OTBeTCTBeH- Ifble 3a I1CnOnHeHHe 4>enepan bHoro 61011- )l(CTa OpraHbl rocynapcT- v BCHHO caHHTapHO- 3nlineM110.ilOmQeCKOH cny*6 POCCHHCKOH <J>cnepaUI1H Ta6J1u14a 1.1 KamezopUR dell, Komopble ynoAHOAfor.seH pac- CMam/JU6amb daHHblu OplaH 2 CT. 14..20. HapyweHHe 3aKOHon.aTenbCTBa 06  3KcnopTHoM KOHT OO.i1e CT. 15.14. HeueneBoe HcnOnb30BaHHe 61Ol{- )KeTHbIX cpellCTB CT. 15.15. HapyweHl1e cpoKa B03Bparn 61On- )l(eTHbIX cpellCTB. nonyqeHHblX Ha B03BpaTHoH OCI{OBe CT. 15. J 6. HapywcHHe CpOKOB nepeIJMCneHI1S1 nnaTbl 3a nOJlb30BaHHe 61OlJ)KCTHbIMH CpCllCT- BaM" CT. 6.3.. HapyweHHc 3aKOHOllaTenbCTBa B 06- naCTH o6eCnelJeHH CaHI1Tapllo-3nJ.taeMI10nO- rHqeCKOrO 6narononytlJ1S1 HaCeJIeHHSI CT. 6.4. HapyweHHc CaHHTapHO- 3nl1.lleMHOnOll-fl.JeCKHX lpe60BaHHH K 3KcrmyaTa- UHI1 >KIDIbiX nOMemeHHH 11 o6wecrneHHblx no- MeweHHi1, 3.naHJ1fI 1 COOpY'f(eHMH H TpaHcnOprn CT. 6.5. HapywcHHe caHHTapHO-3nu.neMHono- rHIJeCKI1X Tpe6oB3HI1H K nHTbeBoi1 Bon.e CT.. 6.6. HapyweHHc caHHTapHO-3nJtQeMI10JI0- rl1tIeCKHX Tpe60B3HHH K opraHli3auwH I nHTaHI1S1 HacenellWSI CT. 6.7. HapymeHHe CaHHTapHO-3nl111eMHOJlO- rHlJeCKWX Tpe60BaHI1" K ycnoBI1S1M BOCnl1TaHHSI H 06yqeHI1S1 CT. 7.8. CaMOBOJlbHOC 3aHSlTl1e 3eMeJlbHOrO yqaCTKa npH6pe>KHo" 3aUlI1THOH nonOCbl BO.n- HOro 061>eKTa.. BOllooxpaHHoH 30}lbI BOllHoro o61>eKTa nl160 30HbI (oKpyra) caHHTapHoH ox- paHbl HCTOtJHHKOB nHTbeBOrO H X03S1HCTBeHHO- 6blTOBoro BOnOCHa6)1(eHHJI (q.2) CT.. 8.2. Heco6nlOlleHI1e 3KOn0l11qeCKHX .,., caHH- TapHO-3nlUleMI10n0I11QeCKHX Tpe60BaHHH npH o6paweHHI1 C OTXOlIaMI1 npoJi3BOllCTB3 11 no- tpe6neHIDI JUlH HHblMI1 onaCHblMH BeweCTBaMH CT. 8.5. COKpblTl1e HJIH HCKIDKeHHC 3KonorH- tJeCKO" I1H()o OMaUHI1 57 
OICOHIiOHue ma6A. I OpraHhJ 1 OCyweCTB- RJlIOWJie rocy.napCT- BeHHblH BeTepJiHap- HbIH H3l{30p 2 CT. 10.6. HapywcHHe npaBHJI KapaHrnHa.>KKBOT- HbIX HJrn lij>yrHX BeTCpHHapHO-C3H.HTdpHblX npaBHJ1 CT. 10.7. COKpblTHe CBCllCHI1H 0 BHe3anHOM na.ne)f(e HJIJi 06 olIHoBpeMeHHblx MaCCOBblX 3a60nCBaHHSlX >KJfBOTHbIX CT.. 10.8. HapyweHHc eeTepJiHapHO- CaHlfTapHblX npaBl1n nepeB03KH HJlH y60Sl )f(H- BOTHhIX, npaBHn nepepa6oTKH.. xpaHeHlfSi HnJi eaJII13aUHI1 n Oll 08 )KI1BOTHOBOllCTBa CT. 10.1- HapyweHHC npaBHJJ 60pwbl C KapaHmH- HhIMH.. oco6o OnaCHbIMH If onaCHbIMH Bpel(lITeJUl- M}f pacreHHH, 6o.ne3ID1Ml1 pacreHHH H COpIDlKaMH CT. 10.2. HapyweHHe npaBH.Jl BB03a 11 Bb1B03a nOl{K3paHTI1HHbIX npo.nyx.UHH, rpY30B H MaTe- pHaJlOB CT. 10.3. HapyweHwe npaBHn npOH3BOllCTBa, 3aroTOBKH. xpaHeHHSI. nepeB03KH, nepepa6oT- KI1, peaJIH3aUI1H 11 Hcnonh30B3HHSI nOllKapaH- TI1HHblX n on. KUJiH r 30B H MaTe I1MOB OpraHbl, ocyweCTB- nSiIOWHe rocy.napCT- BeHHblH KapaHTWHHbIA ct>HTocaHHTapHbIH KOHTJ)Onb B-lliIThIX, HMeHHO B CHCTeMY HCnORHI1TeJ1bHOH BJI3CTH BXOJ]JiT 60Jlb- lUl1HCTBO rocy.napCTBeHHblX CTPYK1)'p, J])1S1 KOTOpblX npaBooxp3HHTeJlbl-13S1 neJlTeJIbHOCrCb SlBJ1.SIeTCSl He cl>3KynbT3THBHOH, a OCHOBJIOH TaK Ha3bl- BaeMble «npa600xpaHumeAbHble opzaHbI». KaK }'}Ke OTMellaJIOCb, nOHJlTHe H CHCTeMa (Kpyr, nepelJeHb) pOCCHHCKHX np3BOOXp3HI1TeJIbHbiX opraHOB B 3aKOHOllaTenbHbIX 3KTaX POCCI1HCKOH <I>e.nepaUHH He nonyql1JIH CBoefO llOCT3TOtJHO 1.jeTKOrO 11 ellHHoro OnpClleJleHI1S1, liTO Bb13b1BaJ10 H npOllon- }l(aeT Bbl3blBaTb HeMaJlO cnopoB cpe.nH yqeHblx no nOBOn.y caMoro 3Toro TepM HHa I. AHaJlH3 )ICe caMblX pa31lH":lHbIX npaBOBblX D.0KYMeHTOB (OT 3a- KOHOB POCCI1HCKOH <1>en.ep a UHH .no BellOMCTBeHHblX HHCTPYKUH") n03BO- nHeT c.aenaTb BbiBOll 0 TOM, "lTO 3TO nOHSITHe 1.jawe Bcero wcnonb3YCTCJI B KalJeCTBe 06bmeHHoro, KaK 6b1 06wenpH3HaHHoro (T.e. He Tpc6YlOwero CneUHaJlbHOrO paCKpbITI1J1), liTO npHBo.nHT K llBYCMblCJIeHHOCTI1 OT.nenb- '" HblX HOpM H HeQeTKOCTI1 npaBOBblX npe.anHcaHHM. B IOPHIlH1.jeCKOH JIHTepal)'pe OTMe1.j3CTCJI, IJTO nOHSlTl1e «npaBooxpa- J.IHTenbHbIH opraH) Hcnonb3YCTCSI B K3IJeCTBe o6061113lOwero .lUlSi 0603Ha- r I CaMo nOHHTHe npaBooxpaHHTcnbHble opraHbl) B KOHCTI-ITYUHH POCClfCKO" <I>e- n.Cp311HJ1 He paCKpblBaeTCSI, 6eJ BCHKJ1X nOs:lCHeH"" 3aKOHon3TenCM K npaBOOXpaHJ1- TcnbHblM opraH3M OTHeceHbl nHJUb HanorOBaSl nonJ1LJ.J1s:1 H T3MO)f(CHlfble opraHbl. CM., HanpHMep CT. 8 TaMO>KeHHOrO KOLlCKca POCCJ1HCKOii <I>encpauHH; 3aKoII P<I> «(0 <t>enep3JIbJfbIX opraHax HanOrODO" nOnJ1UHH) / / Ben.oMOCT" C"bC3.n.a HaponHblX neny- TaTOB POCCHHCKO" 4>encpauHl1 11 BepxoBHoro Cooera POCCHHCKOA <I>enepaUHJ1 1993. Nl 29. CT. 1114; C3 P<I> 1995. N2 51. CT. 4973. 58 
"ICHI1S1 rOCYllapCTBCHHblX OpraHOB , H3 KOTOpble B03JIO>KeHa 06J13aHHOCTb OCyIlleCTBJIeHlliI npaBOOXpaHMTeJtbHOH D.eSlTenbHOCT"l. 3TO «... Han.eJIeH- Hble BJI3CTHblMI1 nonHoMOIJI1S1MI1 OpraHbl rOCYJJapCTBa, KOTOpble B COOT- "'" " BeTCTBI1H C KOHCTHTYUl1el1 11 OCHOBblBalOWI1MI1CSI J.la HeM JaKOHaMI1 ocy- y weCTBJUlIOT npaBOOXpaHI1TenbHYIO lleSlTeJlbHOCTb B npe,uen3X CBOel1 KOM- neTeHUI1I1»2. npeJJ.npl1HSlTble B nOCJ1ellHee BpeMSI nOnblTKI1 H3:HTI1 YHI1- BepCWlbHoe OCHOnaHl1e DJISI BbIlleJIeHI1S1 Cpelll1 cy61>eKTOB ocyweCTBJIeHJ1Jl npaBOOXpaHI1TeJIbHOH lleSiTenbHOCTI1 CneUI1aJ1bHble npaBOOXp3HI1TenbHble opraHLl, BKJ1lO l leHl1e B HX COCTaB On.HI1X rocy.napcTBeHHblX crpYKTYP 11 I1CK..nlOlJeHl1e llPyrl1X 3 nO,,'1e3Hbl B MeTOJJ.l1lJeCKOM 11 lll1.n3KTI1LJeCKOM OT- " HOrneHHI1, XOTSI nOKa 11 MaJlOnpOJJ.YKTI1BHbl C H3yt-1HOM TOlJKI1 3peHIffi. BMeCTe C TeM O'leBJ.1JJ.HO, 'ITO nOI1CK OTBeTa Ha Bonpoc 0 TOM, K3KO- "'" v Bbl npI13taKI1,. no KOTOpbJM TOT HJII1 I1HOH rocy.u a pCTBeHHbll1 opraH MO- )l(CT 6blTb npl13HaH npaoOOXpaHI1TenbHblM, He06xOll11M, nOCKOJlbKY 33 3THM TepMI1HOM CKpblB3eTCJI 1-IC TonbKO <!>YHKl.{110HaJIbHOe npeJJ.H83Ha- ttcJ-lJ.1e TOft I1RJ1 I1HOM CTpYKTYPbJ, HO 11 OC06bll1 npaBOBOH CTaT)'C CO- TpYD.HHKOB. B aCTHOCTM. nOpSJD.OK npOXO>K.l1eHHSI 11M" CJIY}I(6bI 4 . npepo- raTI1Bbl Ha npl1feHe.ll1 Mep rOCYllapCTBellHoro npI1HY)K[leHJ.1S1, 8 TOM "IHcne OPY)KI1SI, npaBO Ha rOCYllapCTBeHHYJO S 3aWH1)\ npOBelIeHHC onc- paTJ.1BHO-p03bICKHbIX MepOnpJ1S1TJ.1H 11 T.ll. AHWlJ.13 3aKOIJOJJ.3TenbHbIX aKTOB n03BonSieT CllenaTb BblBOll 0 TOM, 1.ITO J3KOHOllaTenb non. np3BO- OXp3HI1TenbHblMI1 opraH3MI1 nOHI1MaeT rOCYllapCTBeHHble opraHbl" Cny)K6bl 11 YlJpe)K[lCHHJI. OCYWCCTBnJlIOWl1e <l>yHKUJ.1J1 no 06eCne"leHI11O 6e30naCHOCTI1 3aKOHHOCTH 11 npaBonopHllKa 7 no 60pb6e C npeCT)'nHO- CTblO, no 3aWl1Te npaB 11 CB060ll lJenOBeKa 11 rpa)l([laHJ.1H3 COTpYJJ.HI1K3M KOTOpblX npl1CBal1BalOTCSI CneUJ.1aJIbHble 3B3HI1J1 H K.J1aCCHble IJHHbl. B CI1CTeIY TaKI1X opraHOB no cMblcny lleHCTBYlOwero 33KOH01l3TeJlbCTBa BXOJlHT: npOKyp3-rypa, opr3Hbi BHyrpeHHI1X JJ. eJ1 't opraHbl no npOTI1BO- .net:icTBI1IO He3aKOHHOMY 060poT)' HapKOTI1KOB, non.paJlleneHJ1S1 CJlY)l(6bl HcnOnHeHI1H H3Ka3aHHM, nOJJ.pa3l1eJ1eHI1S1 cnY)l(6bl cYllc6HbiX npI1CTaBOB. I CM.. npanooxpaHHTcnbHble opraHbl POCCHHCKOH 4>encpaUI1M: YI.JC61111K / nOD. pen.. B.n. bO)KbCBa. - M. 1996. - C. 9. 2 A6p)'mUH 10.£., 3y608 11./1. OpraHbI BHyrpCHHI1X llen B rocynapCTBcHHOM McxaHH3- MC Poccl1i1cKoi1 <l>CJ1CpaUHlt. - C. 16. ) CM.: fO./1081<0 A. B.. B33HMOD.eHCTB"e opraHOB BHyrpC.IHHX .nCJI C npyrl1MH Cy6bCKT3- MH npaBooxpaHHTCnb.loH CI1CTCMbl B ccl>cpe 06eCIIClfCHHH npaB 1-1 cBo6011 rpa)l(llaH (OOllpOCbl TeOpl1l1): ABTope<tJ. DHCC... KaHil. IOpHll. H8YK. - M.. 1999. - C.IO. 4 CM.: <1>3 OT 27.05.03 r. N2 58-4>3 "0 CHCTeMe rocyn.apcTBeHHoit CJIY>K6bl PoccHit- CKOi1 4>enepaUI1H 't (c "3M. H .non. OT 11.11.03 r.) 1/ C3 P4>. 2003. N2 22. CT. 2063; YK83 rlpe3Hlle.ITa P4> OT 5.06.03 r. M 613 '.0 npaBOOXpaHI1TCnbHOH cnY>K6e B opra- Hax no KOHTpO110 33 06opoTOM HapKOTI1l4CCKHX cpenCTB 11 nClfXOTponHblX BcweCTB" II C3 P4>. 2003. N2 23.CT.2197. S CM.: 4>3 OT 20.04.95 r. N2 45-<1>3 "0 rocynapcTBCHHoit JaWHTe cYl1eR, .nOIDKHOCTHbI.X nHU npaBOOxpalfHTCJlbHblX H KOHlpOnl1pYIOLllHX opraHoB Il (c 113. 21.07.98 r... 06.01.99 r., 29.02.00 r. 18.06.,. 29.11.01 r., 11.12.02 r. 30.06.03 r.) II C3 1'<1>. 1995. N2 17. CT. 1455. 59 
3aBepwaSl paCCM01peHHe BOnpOCOB, CBSl3aHHblX C XapaKTepHCTHKOM v OCHOBHblX cO.nep}l(aTenbHblX npl13H3KOB HCnOJlHHTeJlbHOH BJIaCTI1, no- nblTaeMCSI KpaTKO CQ>opMynl--lpoBaTb OCHOBHble c}JYHKUHI1, BblnOnHSleMbIe 3TOH BeTBblO rocynapcTBeHHOH BJIaCTI1 POCCI1I1, HMCIOWHe HenOCpenCT- BeHHoe OTHOWeHHe K 06eCneIJeHI11O npaBOnOpMKa PezynllmU6Ho-ynpa6J1eHlleCKaR PYHKlI,Wl . neRTenbHOCTb CI1CTeMbl OpraHOB I1CnOnHI1TenbHOH BJIaCTH, CBSl3aHHaJl C OpraHl13aUl1ei1. H yno- pSlllOlJeHMeM 06weCTBeHHbiX OTHOWeHI1H 11 nOBeneHHJI HX Y'1aCTHI1KOB B pa3JIHlJHbIX cc}Jepax }l(113He.neRTenbHOCTH 06WeCTBa, 06eCneQl1BaJl «npH- cyrcT8I1e) B HI1X rocy.napCTBa. TaK, B COOTBerCTBHH C cJ>e.nepanbHbIM KOHC111TyUHOHHblM JaKOHOM «0 npaB B POCCI1HCKOM <I>e.nepaUI1H» ero nOJlHOMOl.J1tSI 8 C<J>epe 3KO- HOMI1KM onpeneneHbl cne,nyIOWI1M 06P330M: «OCyweCTBIDIeT B COOTBeTCTBl111 C KOHcrmyUl1eH POCCI1HCKOH <I>enepaul1l1, <J>e..nepanbHbIMH KOH('7111)'lU10H- HbIMI1 JaKOHaMH, Q>eepanbHbIMI1 JaKOHaMH, HOpMaTI1BHbIMH YKaJafl1 npe- 3HaeHT3 POCCHHCKOM cJ>eJlCpau"" perynl1poB3HHe 3KOHOMHlJecKJ1X npouec- COB; 06ecnel.Jl1B3er ellHHCTBO 3KOHOMI1'JeCKOrO npocrpaH("l'B3 H CB06011Y 3KOHOMI1IJeCKOH .neKrenbHocrn, CBo6oDJioe nepeMeweHl1e TOBapOB, ycnyr 11 Q:>HHaHCOBblX Cpe.ncm; nporn03HpYeT COUl1a.J1bHO-3KOHOMl1 t lecKoe pa3BHTI1e POCCI1HCKOH <J>ellepaW1H, pa3pa6aTbIOOeT 11 OCyJ.l..leCTBlUIeT nporpaMMbl pa3- BJfI1{JI npHOplITCTHblX 01p3CJIeH 3KOHOMI1KI1; Bblpa6aTbIBaeT rocYJlapcrBeH- HyIO#'crpYKIYPH}'IO H HHBecrnUHOHHyIO nOJlI1THKY H npHHHMae-r Mepbl no ee peanH3aUJiH; ocyweCTBJISIeT ynpaRJIeHl1e cpenepanbHOH co6cmeHHOCTbIO; pa3pa6aTbIB3er 11 peanl13yer rocynapCTBeHHyJO nORMTI1KY B c<J>epe Me>KD.)'Ha- ponl-ioro 3KOHOMH t lecKOro, c}JI1HaHcoBoro, I1HBeCTHUHOHHoro COTPy.nHH'leCT- 00; ocyweCTBJUIeT 06wee PYKOBOnCTBO TaMO)KeHHbIM .nenOM; npl1lllfMaeT v Mepbl no JaWI1Te I1HTepecOB OTelJeCTBeHHblX npoH3BOJJ.HTeneH TOB3poB, HC- nonHJITeJIeM pa60T 11 ycnyr; <J>oPMl1pyer M06I111I1Ja1lll0HHbU1 fUIaH 3KOHOMI1- KM POCCI1HCKOH (f)enepaUHI1, 06eCneI.JHB3eT c}JYHKUHOHl1p0OOHl1e 06opoHHo- ro npol13BO.ncma POCCI1MCKOH <I>ellepaUHI1)} (CT. 14). B cc}Jepe 6IOWKeTHoH.. Q:>I1HaHCOBoH, Kpe.nI1THOM 11 .aeHe)l(HOM nonl1- TI1KH npaBI1TeJlbCTBO POCCI1MCKOH cJ>e.nepaUI1H: 06eCnelll1BaeT npOBene- HHe eLlHHoH c}JI1HaHCOBoM, Kpelll1THOH H .neHe)l(Hoi1. nOnI1TI1KH; pa3pa6a- TblBaeT 11 npenCTaBJISIeT rocynapcTBeHHoH J],YMe c}JenepanbHblM 610IDKeT 11 06eCne1.JHBaeT ero I1CnOJ1HeHHe; npenCTaBJIJleT rocynapcTBeHHoH ,ay- Me OTtIeT 06 I1CnOnHeHl111 cpe.nepanbHoro 6lOIDKeTa; pa3pa6aTbiBaeT H peaJII13yeT HanoroBYIO nonl1TI1KY; 06eCneI.JI1BaeT cOBepweHcTBoBaHHe 61OIDKeTHoH CHCTeMbl; Ilpl1HHMaeT MepbI no perynHpoBaHHIO pblHKa ueHHblX 6YMar; ocyweCTBJIJleT ynpaBJIeHl1e rocy.napcTBeHHblt BHyrpell- HI1M 1--1 BHeWHI1M nonrOM POCCI1MCKOH <l>enepaul1l1; ocyweCTBJISIeT B COOTBeTCTBl111 C KOHCTI1TYUl1eH POCCHMCKOH <1>e.aepaUI1I1, c}Je.nepanbHbJ- l\tH KOHCTliTYUHOHHblMH 3aKOHaMI1, Q>enepanbHblMH 3aKOHaMI1, HopMa- TI1BHblMI1 yKa3aMH npe311.l1CHTa POCCI1HCKOH <I>ellepaUHI1 BaJllOTHOe pe- ryJ1HpOBaHl1e 11 BaJIIOTHbll1 KOHTponb; pYKoBonl1T BanIOTHo-Q>I1HaHCOBoH 60 
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Ha3bIBaJlCSI: He06xo.o.I1MOCTb aJ\MI1HI1CTPaTI1BHOH pe<l>opMbI» I. 4»aKTH- tjeCKI1 }J(e l{L{el1 pe4>opMl1pOBaHI1S1, npMtjeM, nl1Wb CI1CreMbl I1CnOnHH- TenbHOH BJ1aCTJ-l, BblCKa3blBaJII1Cb B nOCnaHIDIX npe3KlIeHTa Ha1.fHHaSl C 1994 r., pa3pa6oTKa >ICe KOHuenUl111 pe4>opMbI HatlaJIaCb B paMKax no.n- rOTOBKI1 nporpaMMbI rocy.o.apCTBeHHoro CTpOHTenbCTBa. o6zque KOHmy- pbl KOTOpOM ccI>oPMHPOBaJll1Cb B 1997 f. rOBOpJl 06 o6wl1x KOHTYpax, Mbl I1MeeM BBItIJ.Y 60nb1JJoi1 pa36poc HlleM rex CneUl1aJJHCTOB, KOTopble npl1BfleKaJ1I1Cb .ll1ISI nonrOTOBKH nporpaMMbJ. O.llHH, SlBfl.slHCb CTOpOHHHKaMJ-l KpaffHl1x $OpM nl16ep3J1113aUI1H 3KOHOMI1KI1, ucnb 3llMI1HI1CT})aTI1BHOii pecl>opMbl BHlleJlH B TOM, 'IT06bI OTClpaHHTb rocy.napCTBO OT BMelllaTenbCTBa B 3TY c<l>epy, B TOM tjl1CJle nl1KBl1J\l1pOBaTb Bce OCTaBWl1eCSI OTPaClIeBble MI1HHCTepCTBa, peop- raHH30BaTb CI1CTeMY rOCY.llapCTBCHHoro KOHTPOnSl, CBeJrn ee <l>YHKllMI1 K QJ-ICTO KOop.nJ-IHaUI10HHbIM 11 H3.lJ.30pHbIM 2 . !1pyrl1e paCCMaTJ)I1BaJ111 8.ll- MI1HI1CTJ)aTI1BHYIO peQ>opMY KaK cpellCTBO I1CnpaBJ1eHI1S1 MHO)KeCTBa KOHCTHT)'UI10HHbIX .necpeKTOB, 3aTpYllHSlIOWHX YCMJleHHe npe311JlCHT- CKOH BJIaCTH 11 YKpenneHl1e CI1CTeMbl rocy.aapCTBeHHblX opraHOB BJIaCTH B uenOM J . TpeTbl1 060CliOBblBaJl14 He06xOHI1MOCTb npeBpaweHIDI rocy- .napCTBa B annapaT 06cnY)KI1BaHI1S1 I1HTepeCOB 11 y.o.OBneTBOpeHI1S1 H}')KJ1 PIDlOBblX rpa>KlJ.aH 4 . O.o.HaKO J1)ISI Bcex BapHaHTOB MMHHI1CTpaTI1BHOii pecl>opMbl xapaK- TepHO OTcyrcTBl1e tJeTKO 0603HatjeHHot1 14eAU. Ha3Ha1.feHMe pe4>opMbl no 3aMblcny, Hanpl1Mep HeKOTopblX nORI1TOnOrOB OTBeTl1Tb Ha MHO- rOtjl1CneHHbIe Bbl30BbI BHeWHeH cpe.nbI. COOTBeTCTBeHHO ee 061JeKTOM CTaHOBI1TCSI WHPOKI1M Kpyr BonpOCOB OT neHCI10HHOrO 06eCne1.JeHI1J1 rocy.napCTBeHHoro cnY>lCawero .0.0 rn06aJII13aUI111 Ml1pOBblX npoueCCOB, nOMalOweH y3KI1e paMKI4 HaUMOlfaJIbHO-rOCY.llapCTBeHHbIX rpaHI1U 5 , XOTSI 061>eKT 3.lJ.MI1HI1CTpaTI1BHbIX npe06pa30BaHI1i1 He MO)KeT 6blTb CTonb Wl1pOKI1M 11 B KOHe\IHOM I1TOre .llOn>KeH 6blTb CBSl3aH C OnTI1MI1- I CM.: nOcnallHc npC3HlleHTa PoccMHCKoi1 <t>encpaUMM <l>cllepaJlbl-toMY C06paH"JO POCCHHCKOR <l>encpaUMI1. - M.. 1998. - C.56. 2 CM. 3KOHOM"Ka IlepcxonHoro nepHona: O"JCpKM 3KOHOMMt.JeCKOM nORMTHKH no- CTKOMMYHHCT""JeCKOH POCCHH. - M.;t 1998; J11lJ10pIIOH06 A.H. nonblTKI1 npOBellCHlfH nonHTHKIi q)MHaHCOBoH cTa6"RI13aUMI1 B CCCP H B POCCMI1 / / BOnpOCbJ 3KOHOMM- KM. 1995. 1'427; EpOOCKUii M.H. 3aKoHon.aTenbHaR 6a33 3KOHOMI1"JeCKoro pa3BltTMSL HaytlHoe 1131IaHMe. - en6.: IIIJD.-BO (,EBponei1cKHH JIOM» 2002. - C. 55 " nanee. ) eM. BUUlHRK08 B.F AnMI1HMCTpaTMBHaH pe$opMa B POCCMH: OT KpliJHCa rocynap- CTBeHHoro ynpaanellHH K 3$<}>eKTMBHoMY rocy.napcTny II II)I(YPII3n pOCcMHcKoro IlpaBa t '. 2003. N2 10. 4 eM.: AI,oxUH D.B. rOCYJIapCTBellHble "HTepecbI H npaBa "JenOBeKa: COOTHOWCHMe Ii npHOp"TeTbI: ABTope$. HMCC... KaHn. IOPIUl. HaYK. Cn6. YllHBepCI1TeT MOl! POCC"H. - en6. 9 2001. - C.II s Bonee nOllp06Ho CM.: lllaxpali C.M. rn063J1H3aUMH B cOBpeMeHHoM MHpe: nOJ1HTH- Ko-npaBOBble aClleKTbl. MOHorpa<}>MH. - Cn6.: <l>oHlL nOllLlep)I(KW HaYKI1 H o6paJo- BaHMJI B 06naCTIt npaBooxpaHMTenbHoH neSlTCJlbHOCTH. 2004. 67 
3aLlHeH nOClpOeHI1S1 M Q>YHKUMOHl1pOBaHI1S1 ny6nl1'-lliOH 3lI.MI1HI1CTpa- UI1I1. OrcyrcTBl1e BblBepeHHOH UenM peQ>OpMMpOBaHMSI CMCTeMbl I1cnon- HHTenbHOii BlIaCTI1 npl1BeJIa K n.OCTaTOtlHO 6ecnOpJUI.01.JHOM CMeHe np"- Opl1TeTOB rOCYJlapCTBeHHO-npaBOBOrO CTpOMrenbCTBa, MHOrOtjMCneH- ItblM, nopOH He nOlUlalOWI1XCSI norMtjeCKOMY 06bHCHeHHIO M3MeHeHI4- SlM B CMCTeMe <l>eJlepaJIbHblX BenOMCTB: C03aHMIO 01lHHX CTPYKTYP, nl1- KBmxaUIAM HJII1 nepenon.tlMHeHMIO JlpyrHX. o CMeHe npl10pMTeTOB MO)KHO CYJlI1Tb no nOcnaHHHM npe311DeHTa POCCI1M cPeJlepaJJbHOMY c06paHI1IO. B nOCnaHI1M 1995 r.] rnaBHoe Me- CTO 6blno OTBeJleHO npo6neMaM K3lI.pOBOH nOnI1TMKM. B nOCnaHMI1 1996 r. 2 nocnen.ooaTenbHO npOBOJlWIaCb Mblcnb 0 He06xOLlHMOCTM HC- nOJIb30BaHI1.S1 <l>OpMl1p)'JOWI1XCJI pblHOtlHblX MHCTM1)TOB 11 CTIAMynoB, onopbl Ha CBo601lHYlO caMoopraHM3aUMIO 06weCTBa KaK ellMHCTBeHHO- ro CpellCTBa BbIxoa M3 KpH3Mca CBSl3aHHoro C 6ecnoMoWHoCTbIO HO- MeHKJIaTypbl, YCTapeBUJHMH MeTOJlaMI1 ee pa60TbI. B npe3HlIeHTCKOM nOCnaHI1H 1997 r rnaBHblM npenSlTcTBHeM pa3BHTMSI HOBoro 3KOHOMM- tjeCKoro CJpOSl, HOBOM nOnl1TMtjeCKOH CMCTeMbl 06bSlBlIMOCb OTCyrCT- Bl1e nopMKa B .neSlTeJIbHOCTI1 rocy.napcToeHHoro annapaTa, Kpl1TI1Ke nODBeprnMCb MHCTI1T)'Tbl BJIaCTM B ueJIOM. B pa3eJle nOCJIaHI1S1 «no- pmlOK B J1CnOnHIATenbHOH BJIaCTI1) OTMetjanOCb tjTO HOBbIe Q>YHKUMH rOCYDapCTBa, o6ycnoBlIeHHbIe npMHUl1nl1aJ1bHO H3MeHI1BWeHCSI nonM- Tl"ltjeCKOlt M 3KOHOMMIJeCKOH peanbHOCTblO, OCYl1.leCTBJJSlIOTCSl, B 06- IU v v meM, CTapOM CMCTeMOH McnonHliTenbHOH BlIaCTM t B pe3ynbTaTe HOBbie HlleM BSl3Hyr Ii rnoXHyr B annapaTHblX K3lI.paX; c»YHKUHM M nonHOMO- 1.J11.S1 MHorMX opraHOB HCnOnHMTeJ1bHOii 8J1aCTI1 aMop4>HbI M HepellKO .ny6n HPyJOTCSl 3  o MHorOtjHCJleHHblX npeo6pa30BaHMSIX Q>e.nepanbHbIX CTpyI<TYP MO:>K.HO CYLlHTb, HanpHMep, no YKa3Y npe3HJIeHTa Pc:1> OT 14 aBrycTa 1996 r.. NQ 1177 «0 cTPyKTYpe c:l>ellepanbHblx opraHoB McnonHHTenbHOH BJ1aCTH»4. 3a 4 rOlla B Hero BHeceHO 14 M3MeHeHMH M .nononHeHMH npHlIeM 3 - B nepBblM }Ke rOLl M3.naHI1S1 5 . B aHaJ10rHlIHblH YKa3 OT 25 MasJ 1999 r. N2 651 6 3a .nBa rona BHeceHO 7 M3MeHeHI1M H nononHe- I CM.: nOcnaHHe npe3HlleHTa POCCHHCKOH <l>en.cpaUHH <l>cn.epanbHoMY Co6paHHIO POCCHHCKOH <l>e.l1epaUtttt. - M.t 1995. 1 CM.: nOCnaHlte npC3HllCHT3 POCCttRCKOR <l>ellepaUliH <l>en.cpanbHOMY Co6paHHIO POCCttHCKOH <l>e.aepaUttH. - M. 1996. 3 CM.: nOcnaHtte npe311lleHTIl POCCttRCKOi1 <l>en.cpallH" <l>enep311bHOMY Co6paHHIO POCCHHCKOH <l>e.nepaUHtt. - M.'1 1997 - C.17. 4 C3 P<J>. 1996. N2 34. CT. 4082. s 113McHeHKB tt nononHeHIDI BHOCHJJI1Cb: 22.08. 06.09, 29.1 I. 1996 f., 4 Ii 12.02.23.04, 09 II 16.07. 7 23 H 30.09, 16.12.1997 f.. 10.01.1998 r.. 12.04.1999 r, 9.08.2000 r 6 C3 P<I>. N2 22. CT. 2727. 68 
HliW, B YKa3 OT 17 MaSl 2000 r. NQ 867 1 3a 11'JI rOLla 9. npH TaKHX TeMnax «npe06pa30BaHH"» Q>e.nepaJIbHbIX C1pYKTYP (KaK npaBI1JIO, 3TO BHeceHlie 113MeHeHI1H B Ha3BaHI1e BellOMCTBa, B nepe\IeHb ero nOJIHO- MOIjJ.-1:H, nepenOLtI..JHHeHl1e) He npliXOLlHTCSI YLlI1WISlTbCH nOSlBJIeHJ.-11O mpembeu npUIIUHbi «np06YKCOBbIBaHIiSi peQ>opMbl» 3neMeHTapHoe HenOHUMaHue HOMeHKJlamypou ee u.e/leu, 3aiJal./., npoucxoiJRUJ,UX U3MeHeHUU U MeHRIOUJ.UXCR mpe608altuu. no MaTepl1aJIaM onpocOB rOCYll a pCTBeHHblX cny.>KaWHX't OCHOBHOH CMbICJ1 HX CJI}'}Ke6HOW .neSlTeJIbHOCTI1 no licnOJ1- _ v HeHl110 nOnHOMOljl1H rOCYJ1apCTBeHHOI1 BJIaCTI1 CBOLtI1TCH, KaK npaBI1JIO,  u K pyrHHHOM annapaTHOH nOLlrOTOBKe CnpaB01.JHblX MarepliaJIOB, COBe- waHliW, pa3pa60TKe J10KYMeHTOB Ii T.Ll. B npl1HUl1ne, annapaT 11 Llon- >KeH 3aHHMaTbCSI 3TI1MH BonpOCaMJI. np06JIeMa 3aKJIIO\IaeTCH B TOM, IjTO annapaTHaH LleTenbHOCTb B 3HaQHTenbHOM Mepe OKa3aJ1aCb OTO- pBaHHOH OT npl1Hl.lHnHaJIbHO BaXHbJX 3analj rOCYLlapCTBeHHoro ynpaB- neHI1S1, a KOHetjHble uenl1 npOBeLleHHSI B(l)KHeWllJI1X peQ>apM C TOIjIGt 3peHI1S1 Toro, tjTO OHIi naLXyr CTpaHe H HapOLlY, Lla>Ke npH6nJl3liTenbHO, He143BeCTHa npliMepHO nOnOBI1He racYDapCTBeHHbJX cnY}KaWI1X Ii no- LlaBJIHIOWeW ljaCTI1 HaceneHliH 2 . Ta6Jluu.a 2 OJUI onpoweHHhlX, 33HBHBWHX 0 TOM, liTO npenCTaBJlSlIOT CMblCJI H uenH npOBOlUtMLIX pe<»oPM B npOQeHTax OT KMHlleCTBa onpomeHHoro H8CeJIeHHJ1 H 3KcnepTOB 22,2 20,3 22,] 175 14, I 13,7 13,4 II t 7 3KCnepnlbJ 58,0 39t5 55,0 37,0 43,5 31 5 32,5 76,0 Pec/JOPMbl )l(HJIl1lUHO-KOMMYHaJIbH351 06pa30BaHI1S1 neHCI10HHaSl BoeHHaSl CYLle6Ho-npaBOBaH Ha.n:oroBaH 3eMenbHaSi rOCYDapcTBeHHoA Cn}')K6bl HaCeJleHUe HenoHI1MaHue CYTIi peQ>opM Ii nOpO)I(D.alOT TO BHyrpeHHee conpo- TliBJIeHIiSi HOBaUH51M, KOTopoe npliBOLlIiT K TOMY, \ITa «l1.L!el1 BSl3Hyr Ii rnoxHyr B annapaTHblX K3.l1pax». He cnyqaHHo B CBOeM nOCJlaHl111 <I>e- LlepaJIbHoMY C06paHlilO P<!> 2000 r. npe3li.neHT PaCClil1 B. B. nyrl1H OTMeTI1JI, IjTO XOTSI YKperuIeHlie rOCYJ1apCTBa He nepBblH ro.n npOB03- I C3 P<I>. 2000. N2 21. CT. 2168. 2 CM.: DOUKOS B.3. Ha Koro pa60T'de"T BnaCTb? / / Hawa BJlaCTb: nella 11 nJ1ua.. 2004. N2 2 (38). - C. 38-39. 69 
u u '" ,# rnarnaeTCSI BaJKHeHIlleH l.leJIblO pOCCHMCKOI1 nOnI'ITHKH, «LtaJIbIlle LteKJIa- ..... paUHH 11 nYCTbJX pa3rOBOpOB MbJ HHKYLta He npOJlBHHynl1Cb 3a 3TH ro- Ltbl» I. B 3TOM nOCnaHI1H KOHuenUHH aL'(MI1HHCTpaTI1BHOH pe4>opMbl nOJIYtjl1na CI1CTeMHOe COLlep)f(aTenbHoe HanonHeHHe. OCHOBHOH ynop 6bIJI C}l.enaH Ha 3TOT pa3 Ha rjJYHKt(UU opraHOB roCYLtapCTBeH Horo ynpaBneHHH 7 KOTopbIe B pJID.e cnyqaeB OKa3aJIHCb «CMCUlaHbl C «l>YHK- u LlI1S1MI1 KOMMeptjeCKI1X OpraHI'13aUI1H», npl1tJeM <.:BaKYYM» anaCTI1 npH- Ben K nepeXBa1)' rocy.napCTBeHHblX Q>YHKUHH tjaCTHblMH KopnopaUHSl- MU, XOTII «fOCYD.apCTBeHHble c:PYHKUI1H H rOCYJ:{apCTBeHHble HHCTUTYI"bI TeM 11 OTnHllalOTCH OT npe.anpHSlTHH, liTO He LtOJI)KHbl 6blTb KynneHbl J.1lI11 npOLlaHbI, np"BaTJ13I1pOBaHbl I1JIH nepeJ:{aHbl B nonb30BaHl1e, B nI13Hlif»2. B 3TOH CBSl3H B nOcnaHHH npeLUIaranOCb, Bo-nepBbIX, MO- .nepHH311pOBaTb CI1CTeMY J1CnOnHI1TenbHOlf anaCT1'1 B ueJlOM C TeM, IjTO- 6bI rOCYllapCTBO Morno C03l{aBaTb ycnoBHH LUIH pa3BHTIDl 3KOliOMJ1l1e- CKliX CBo60Ll, 3a.aaBaTb CTPaTerHtJCCKHe OpHeHTl1pbI, npe1l0CTaBIDlTb HaceneHHIO KaqeCTBeHHblC ny6nH1..JHblC YCJlyrH H 3«l>ct>eKTHBHO ynpaB- ngTb rocYLtapCTBeHHOH c06CTBeHHOCTblO; BO-BTOpbIX, Hcnonb30BaTb 3c:l><l>eKTHBHble Ii ljeTKI1C TCXHOnOrHJ1 pa3pa60TKH, npI1H.HTI1 H HCnOJI- v HeltHSI peWeHI1H; B-YpeTbI1X, .aaTb aHaJIJ13 peaJIH3yeMblx rOCYllapCTBeH- HblX «l>YHKUI1H C TeM, IjT06bI coxpaHHTb TOJlbKO He06xo.aJ1MbIC. H H nepBa5I, HH BTOpaH 3aaaija Q>aKTl1l1eCKH He 6blnl1 pCUleHbl.. I.JTO KacaeTCH TPeTbe 3aaaljH, TO B npe3H.aCHTCKOM nOCnaH1111 OT 16 MaH 2003 r. OTMCtJaTlOCb: «npaBI1TenbCTBo npOBeno HHBCHTapI13aUJ11O <!>YHKUH" MMHHCTepCTB H Be,aOMCTB. HaClIl1TaTlO HX nOp.HLtKa nSlTIi Tbl- CSitj. Ho B xo.ae 3TOii pa60Tbl BbIHCHHnOCb, IjTO rrOIjTH KIDK.QOe Be.aOMCT- BO C1.:IUTaeT, tjTO ero Q>YHKUHH Hy)KHO He cOKparuaTb, a paCWHpHTb B TOM 'll1cnc, 3a CqeT .n.pyrl1x, COce.llHI1X BeIlOMCTB)3. Y)Ke B I1lOne npe311- .neHTCKJ1M YKa30M 6blJIM onpeD.eJIeHbl KOHKpeTHblC MepbI no «npl1.aa- HI'IIO nOJII1Tl1ljCCKOrO I1Mnynbca)} npaBHTenbCTBY B .aeJle nonrOTOBKI1 11 npOBe.neHI1S1 aaMHHI1CTpaTI1BHOH pe<j>opMbI 4 . I nOCJlaHHe npe3H.llCHTa POCCt"CKOH c:!>e.nepautttt c:!>c.aep8J1bHOMY Co6pal"11i1O Poc- CHl1CK0i1 <1>eD.epaUI1J.f. - M., 2000. - C.9. 2 TaM >Ke. - C. 19. 3 nOcnaHlie npe31111eHTa P<1> B. B. nyrl1Ha c:!>el{epWlbl-tOMY Co6paHHIO P<I> OT 16 Mast 2003 f. / / «POCCIiHCK3J1 ra3eT3»). 2003.. 17 MaR. NQ 93. AHanl13Y 6blno nOD.BCprHyro 60Jlee 500 cl>eD.CPWlbHbIX 3aKOHOB, a TIlK}f(e nO.,'10>KeHI1S1 0 $e.aepa.nbHblx MttHIiCTCpCT- Bax 11 J1HbIX 4>ej1CpanbHblx opraHax ttCnOnliliTenbHoi1 1L1aCTlt no CJlenYIOWttM I-t3- npanneHIiSlM lleSiTenbHOCTI1: Bblpa60TKa 1 peaJIl13aUI1S1 nOJlJ1TI1KIi (B c<j)epe OTpac- n) perynHpYlOlUaH., aH3J1I1Ttt4CCK3H, KOOpD.ttHal..lJ10HHaSl, pa3pellll1TenbliaSl, Han.30p- HO-KOHTpOnbHaJi. AHaJlI13 BblHBlin 60nce 5035 4>YHKUHM, H3 KOTOpblX 2682 - pcry- nSiTI1BHble. 496 - HaJI30pHO-KOHTponbHble. 572  pa3peLUI1TeJ'lI:JHble. 4 YK33 npe311D.eH'ra P<I> OT 23.07.03 r. « 824 ..0 Mcpax 110 rlpOBe.neHttlO aLlMltHttCTpa- TI1BHOM pet);JopMbl B 2003-2004 rr." / / C3 pc:!>. 2003. NQ 30. CT.. 3046. 70 
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Topble 6blnl1 XapaKTepHbl DJISI npoueCCOB rocy.n3pCTBeHHOrO fiJ13Hl1pO- BaHMSI ewe B CCC Pit TaK, ueJ1b <I>e.LlepaJ1bHOH npOrp3MMbi no YCHJIeHHIO 6opb6bl C npe- crynHOCTbIO Ha 1994 1995 IT. 6bVIa onpeLleJleH3 KaK «C03aHMe nepeJIOMa B .neSlTeJIbHOCTI1 rocyapcTBeHHOM CHCTeMbI 60pb6b[ C npeCTY1lHOCTblO, 06eCne411B3lOweM Halle)KHYIO 3allil11)' )fQt3HI1, 3.nOpoBbSl, MMywecmeHHblX 11 11HbiX npaB rpIDKllaH, 06wecTBeHHblx H rOCYHapCTBeHHblX I1HTepeCOB OT npeC'fYnHblX nOCHraTeJlbCTB B YCJlOBIDIX COUMaJ1bHOM pe$opMbl)}. nOLl06- Hasl $opMynl1poBKa Y>Ke caM3 no ce6e .neJlaeT BeCbMa np06neMaTMtJHoM oueHKY BblnOJIHeHIDI nporp3MMbl, nOCKOnbKY «C03,llaHHe nepeJ10Ma) KaK HeKHM KpUmepUQ/lbHblU clnaHoapfn oueHKIi BblnOnHeHI1S1 nporp3MMbi ne- )KI1T BHe npaBoBoH 4>OpMbl peaJII13aUI1M cJ>YHKllHfl np3BOOXpaHMTeJIbHbIX opraHOB, HOCSI Xap3KTep XOPOWO 113BeCTHbiX nOJIHTI1f.JeCKI1X n03YHrOB 11 npl13bIBOB Tl1na: «YCI1JIHTb 6oPb6y C npeCTYTIHOCTblO)} «06eCne':lI1Tb pac- v KpblTl1e Bcex cooeprnaeMblX npeC'fYIDIeHMI1)} 11 T.Ll. HI1 B caMOH nporpaMMe, HI1 B yrBepn.I1BWeM ee YKa3e npe3Hl1eHTa He ynoMHHaJI3Cb 0 MexaHu3Max pel1AU3aUU JUl3HI1pyeMblx Mep, XOTH 11 OrOn3p11BaJJOCb, 'ITO «Mepbl, npe.nYCM3TpI1B3eMbIe npOrp3MMOM, peanbHO o6ecnetJeHbi ct>HH3HCOBblMI1, M3Tepl1aJlbHO-TeXHI1t!CCKI1MH 11 KMpOBblMI1 pecypC3MH, MOHI1TOpHHroM M nporH030M C I1CnOnb30B3HI1eM nOTeHUHa- na POCCHHCKOH cJ>eLlep3UI1I1 ee Cy6'bCKTOB, MeCTHoro c3Moynp3BJ1eHI1}J). nOcne.nYIOLLll1e C06blTI1fJ nOK333J111, tJTO nOLl06Ha.sl CCbllIKa nl1Wb LlCK- n3paUI1, nOCKonbKY peaJIbHblX pecypcoB (MaTepl1aJIbHbIX, HayqHblx TeXHI14eCKHX) «nOLl nporpaMMY» He 6b1JI0.. B nOCTaHOR1IeHI1J1 COBCT3 cJ>e.ncpaUHM cJ>e.nepaJJbHoro C06P3HI1.5l POCCMMCKOM <I>eLlep3UI1I1 «0 n3p- naMeHTCKHX cnY1ll3HJ.1HX «0 COCTOSlHI1I1 60pb6bl C npecTynHocTblO 11 06 YKpeJUleHHI1 np3BOnOpSWKa B POCCMMCKOH <I>en.ep3UI1I1 B COBpeMeHHblX ycnonl1x.) I OTMe1.JaJlOCb, 1.JTO cJ>e.nepaJIbHa.sl nporpaMMa He 6blJIa nOJ.lKpe- nneHa .non}J(HblMI1 Marepl1aJlbHblMI1 11 <f>MHaHcOBbIMI1 pecypC3MI1, B CBH- 3M C 1.JeM BO MHorOM He peaJIM30B3Ha. «AHanOrl11.JH3.SI cMTyaul1.5l, J OT- MetJaJlOCb Llanee B nOCTaHOBJleHMI1, CKJI3JJ.bIB3eTCSI C nporpaMMOH YCHJ1eHI1JI. 60PWbl C npeCTynHOCTblO H3 1996 ) 997 rr. PacxOLlbl cJ>e.ne- panbHoro 610lDKeTa Ha peaJII133UliIO nporp3MMbi 60Pb6bl C npecrynHO- CTblO B 1996 r. npocpl1HaHCl1pOBaHbl TonbKO Ha 29 npoueHTOB OT yrBep- )I(llCHHOrO ro.nOBoro nOKa3aTenSi 3a CtJeT Cpen.CTB, BbJ.n.enSleMblX MMHI1- CTepcTBY BHyrpeHHWX LleJl POCCI1HCKOH Cl>eJ.lep3UI1I1 H3 OCHOBHYIO LleSl- TenbHOCTb. B nepBOM KnapTane 1997 r. YKa3aHHa nporp3MMa no06we He 4>I1H3HCl1pOBaJlaCblt HI1 B 1996 f., HI1 B 1997 rOLlY cpenCTBa B rocy- .n3pCTBeHHbIH $oHn 60pb6bl C npecrynHOCTblO He noc1)'naJIl1». COOTBeTCTBYlOlliJ.1M 06p330M «cJ>111-13HCHPOBaJII1Cb) 11 <f>ellCpaJIbHble no.nnporpaMMbI, Hanpl1Mep, ueJlenaSl nporpaMMa «CTpOHTenbCTBO 11 I CM.: Be.noMocTM <1>e.aeparlbHOrO Co6paHHR P<1> NQ 29. II 10.97 108 
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11 KOJV1eKTI1BHbIX cy61>eKTOB allMI1HI1CTpaTI1BHO-npaBOBbIX OTHOrneHI1H. K CO}KaJIeHI1IO, MHOrOQI1CneHHble cpaKTbl 3JIoynoTpe6neHI1H 1l0n}KHOCT- HblMI1 nHuaMI1 CBOI1M CJIY}Ke6HbIM nOnO>KeHl1eI\1, HapyrneHI1H 3aKOHHO- CTI1 CBHJ!eTeJIbCTBYIOT 0 TOM, liTO npellOCTaBJIeHHbIe 11M npaea I1CnOnb- 3YIOTCS111aneKO He Bcerlla BO 6naro TeM, Koro OHI1 npl13BaHbl 3allll1waTb H oxpaHSITb. 3T0 aKl)'aJll13l1pyeT np06nCMY e.aI1HCTBO npaB H 06.S13aH- HocTei1 .nonXHOCTHbIX nl1U rOCYllapCTBeHHOH aLlftJll1J-II1CTpaUI1I1 Bo06we 11 B cQ>epe 06ecnetJeHI1H npaBonopSillKa, B lIaCTHOCTI1. ECJII1 B nepl1011 «pa3BI1TOrO COUl1aJ1I13Ma» 11 Bce06wero orocy.aapCT- BJ1eHI1H BnonHe eCTeCTBeHHOH CtJl1TanaCb Q>opMyna «np3Ba opraHa 3TO ero 06S13aHHOCTb nepe.a rocy.aapCTBOM) I, TO yxe B cepe.aI1He 90-x ro.aOB npoll1Jloro BeKa np113HaBaJIOCb, tJTO rocynapcTBeHHble opraHbI 06nallalOT YCMompeHueM: Kor.na If KaK I1CnOnb30BaTb TO 111111 I1HOe npaB0 2 . Eme B XIX B. H3BecTHbli1 pOCCHHCKHH MbICJIHTeJIb M.A. I1nbl1H nl1- can: «npI13BaHHe rocy.aapCTBa COCTOI1T B TOM, llT06bI np" BCHKHX YCJIO- BIDIX 06pawaTbCH C KIDIUlblM rpIDK.LlaHI1HOM KaK C nYXOBHO CB060.aHbIM 11 TBOp1leCKMM ueHTPOM CWIbl, 1160 TPYllbl 11 C031laHHSI 3THX .aYXOBHbIX lleHTpOB COCTaBJ1S1IOT XI1BYIO TK3Hb Hapo.aHoi1 11 rocy.napCTBeHHoi1 )1(.113- HI1. HHKTO He .aOJl}KeH 6bITb I1Cl<J1lOtJeH H3 rocyapcTBeHHoi1 CI1CTeMbl 3allll1Tbl, 3a60TbI H co.aei1cTBI1H; 11 B TO xe BpeftJISI nee 1l0JVKHbl I1MeTb B03MO}KHOCTb pa60TaTb H TBOpl1Tb no CBoeH CBo60.nHOH, TBOp1.JeCKOH l1Hl1UHaTI1Be)3. OrCJOlla H OTBeT Ha Bonpoc 0 COBpeMeHHOM co.aep}KaHHl1 npaBoo6S13aHHocTei1: npoea opzaHoe ucnOAHUmeJlbHOU 6Aocmu 6 ctjJepe o6ecne'teHUJl /lpa8onopRiJKa 3mo ee 06R3aHHocmu lie mOJlbKO nepeiJ lOCY- oapcm80M, ',0 u nepeo o6U4ecmeoM u IlU'1HOCnlblO.. IOpl1llw:leCKoe BO(]JJOll1eHl1e 3Ta Q>opMyna 1l0n)f(Ha nonyql1Tb B npUH- t(unax ne.SlTenbHOCTH rocy.aapCTBeHHOH aLlMI1HI1CTpaUI1I1, KOTopbIe, KaK v '"' npe.aCTaBJIHeTCH, ne}KaT B OCHOBe BceM ee npaBOnpl1MeHI1TenbHOI1 neH- TenbHOCTI1, BKJIlOtlaJI aOMUHucmpamU6Hoe YCMompeHue .aon}KHOCTHbIX nl1U, nOHI1MaeMoe KaK ftJIOTHBl1pOBaHHblH Bbl60p npaBOMepHoro perneHI151 11 COBeprneHIDI 3aKOHHblX .aei1cTBI1H ynpaBOMOtJeHHblM cy61>eKTOM B paM- Kax ero KOMneTeHllHH. B 3TOH CBH311 60nee npl1CTanbHOro BHI1MaHI1.S1 3aCJ1Y)l(I1BaeT npo6neMa opZaHU3aijUOHHOU COCmae/lJllOU4eU a.nMI1HHCT})a- ,. TI1BHO-npaBOBbIX OTHOrneHI1I1, KOTopaSi BblCl)'naeT JtI KaK «CaMOOpZaHu30- 14UJl»4 8HympuannapamHbIX oTHorueHl1i1 Koop,nl1HaUl1l1. cy6op.nl1HaUl1l1, B3aI1Mo.aei1cTBIDI pa3JJHtlHblX l1epapXl1tJeCKHX YPOBHeH 11 CTPYKTYpHblX ,. ILJ' nonpa3.ueneHHI1 rocy.aapCTBeHHOI1 allMI1HI1CTpaUl111 B I1HTepecax nOBbl- rneHI1.S1 3<pQ>eKTHBHOCTI1 <PYHKUHOHl1pOBaHIDI ny6nl1QHOH BJIaCTI1, 11 KaK I Jlo3apee S.M. KOMneTeHUI-1S1 opraHoB ynpaBJ]eHI-1S1. - M., 1972. - C. 82. 2 CM.: Tuxo.wuPOfJ JO.A. nOnHOMOljiUI opr3HOB HCnOnHI1Te.nbHOH BJ13CTH / Mc- nOJIHHTeJ1bH3S1 BJlaCTb B POCCI-1HCKOH <I>ellcpaUI-1I-1. - M.. 1996. - C. 26. J J1flbUH M.A. nyrb K OtjCBHllHOCTH. M.: 1997. - C. 266. 4 CM.: AltMHHHCTpan1BHoe npaBO / non pen. IO.M. K03J10B3 H II.II. nOnOBa. - M., 1999. - C. 5]9. 112 
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orpaHMlJeHHOH cB06oJle) I , 11 B OTHOrneHHI1 K MHOro06pa3HbIJ pe)KMMaJ npaBOBOrO peryJIl1pOBaHH (8 l(aHHOM CJJyqae CaMO nOIDITl1e «pe)KJ1M) rOBOpl1T 0 HaJll1lJl1l1 onpe.neJIeHHbIX KOMTpOJ1bHbIX napaMeTpOB, orpaHH- l.J11B3IOWHX TOT HJUI I1HO" cnoco6 npaBOBOrO peryJIl1pOBaHIHl)2. B CaMOM 06weM Bl11le npaBOBbIe OrpaHI1QeHIDI 3TO BCe re IOPHDH- tJeCKHe HHCTpYMeHTbl, C nOJOWblO KOTOpblX YCTaHa8J1I1BaIOTC.R npC,lI.eJIbl, OTlleJlHIOll.(l1e npaBoMepHoe nOBe.neHHe OT npOTMBOnpaBHOrO. KpOMe Toro np" nOMOWH npaBOBblX OrpaHl1tJeHHH 3aKpenJIS1IOTCII napaMeTpbl JlOJDKHoro nOBe,ll.eHH (CpOKH ocyweCTBJ1.eHIDI IOpI1QeCKHX npoue.nyp, nepet.JeHb cy6beKTOB o6JIa.nalOlUHX COOTBeTCTBYIOWeH KOM, neTeHUl1ei1 T))e60BaHlliI CBH33HHble C MaTepl1aJ1bHo-<l>HHaHcOBbIJ 06ecne 1 leHHeM 11 T.n.). UeJ1H npHMeHeHIDI npaBOBblX orpaHHlJeHI1H MOryr 6blTb pa3JIl1Q- HbIMH, HO, B KOHetJHOM ClJeTe, OHI1 CBOlI,SlTCSI K cnpaBeMI1Boi1 IOpH.aHQe- CKOH ynopMOtJeHHOCTI1 06weCTBeHHbIX OTHOllleHMH M, KaK CJIeJlCTBl1e ,lI.OCTIDKeHHIO BbICOKOi1 3<1><t>eKTHBHOCTI1 npaBOOXpaHI1TeJIbHoi1 Jle.RTeJ1b- HOCTI1 B npouecce 06eCneQeHWI 3aKOHHOCTI1 11 npaBonopMKa. HeCMOTp.sl Ha OTpaCJIeBble oco6eHHOCTH, BceM npaBOBblM orpaHI1- tJeHI1S1M npl1cYWI1 CJJeJlYIOWl1e o6Wl1e np113HaKH: I) OHI1 Bblpa}KalOT IOpl1lXI1QeCKl1e (cpOPMaJIbIIO onpeJleneHHblC) cno- C06bl D.OCTI1)KeHI1H ueJ1eH npaBOBoro perynl1pOBaHI1H nyreM YCTaHOBl1e- HIiSl onpe.neneHHblX npe.neJIOB, orpaHl1 t lMBalOWI1X np0I13B0J1bHYIO CBO- 60JXY nOBeJleHHH; 2) CO'leTaHCb onpeJteJleHHbIM o6pa30M, npaBOBble orpaHI1'-ICHH.sI Bbl- Cl)'nalOT OCHOBHblJI1 «pa6oTaIOWI1MI1) tJaCTHJH JteHCTBI1.s1 npaBa, npa- BOBoro perynl1pOBaHI1.s1, npaBOBblX pe)KI1MOB; 3) o6JIaLlalOT IOpl11ll1l.JeCKOH CHJlOH 11 rapaHTI1PYIOTCSI rocynapcTBOM. XapaKTep npaBoBblx orpaHHtJeHI1H, HX npl1pOlla 11 cneUI1Q>I1Ka npl1- .nalOT COOTBeTCTByrowyJO cneuM<pI1KY 11 CaJOMY npa8Y KaK OC060MY COLtHaJ1bHOMY peryJ1.s1TOpy. npaBoBble orpaHMQeHH.SI CBOI1M JleHCTBJ1eM nOKa3blB31OT B03MO)KHOCTI1 npaBa, ero nOTeHUHaJI B yperyJ1HpOBaHJ111 06wecTBeHHblx oTHorueHHH, B y.aOBJIeTBOpeHI1M pa3JII1tJHoro pOJla npa- BOMepHblX 11, HanpOTI1B, B HellonyweHHI1 npOTI1BOnpaBHblX I1HTepeCOB I1H.LtHBKlJyaJIbHbIX M KOJIJ1eKTI1BHbIX cy6'beKToB. COUHaJIbHO-nOJ1I1THtJeCKI1H CMblCJI nOCTaHOBKI1 np06J1eMbl 0 npaBO- BblX orpaHHtJeHHx. OTMelJaeT C.C. ArIeKceeB, 3aKJ1IOQaeTC.sI B TOM, tJTO OHI1 SlBJI.SIIOTCH He TonbKO COUl1aJlbHOi1 Heo6xo.nI1MOCTblO 4I CBoero po.na .. - I CM.: XD.IIl/JIIHa P. O. npaBO K8K Cpcn.CTBO COUHaJ1bHOrO ynpaaneHHsl. - M.t 1988; TapKo6 R.N. rpa>KllaHCKOe npaBOOTHOllJeHHe. - Y<!>8, 1993. - C 32. 2 nO.llp06Hee 0 MeCTe npaBOBblX OrpaHH\!eHJiH B MexaHii3Me rlpaBoBoro perynHpoo3- HHR CM.: CanYH B.A. HHcTPYMeHTMbHaSl TCOpHSI npaBa B IOpHJlii\!eCKOH HaYKe / / COBpeMcHHoe rocYJtapCTBO H npaBo. - Bnan.JIBOCTOK. 1992 - C 17-30; MQ./lb- KO A. B. CTIIMynbl H orp8HH'4eHI1J1 B npaBe: TeOpeTH'leCKiiH acneKT. - CapaToB. 1994. - C. 58-63. 116 
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HX .nOmKHOCTHble nMua (pa3JlHIlHbIe rocy.napCTBeHHble HHClleKllHM, Op- r3HbI BHYTPeHHMX !1eJ1, Opr3Hbi TpaHCnOpTa, 3lJ.MMHHC1paTMBHble KOMHC- CHI1 H .np.), a B npe!1YCMcrrpeHHbIX 3aKOHo,a3TenbCTBOM CJ1yqaHx CY!1bH. 4. MMMHI1CTp3THBHo-npHHy.nMTenbHoMY B03!1eMCTBMIO nonBepra- IOTCSI KaK <}>M3MlleCKJ1e, TaK M IOpMllMlleCKMe nMua.. 5. ALtMMHMCTpaTMBHoe npMHY>KlleHHe perJ1aMeHTMpyeTcSI aaMMHHClpa- TI1BHO-npaBOBbIMI1 HopMaMM, KOTopble 3aKpeIlJUlIOT OCHOBaHIDI M nopH- 1l0K npMMeHeHMSI KOHKpeTHblX Mep aIlMI1HMcrpaTI1BHOrO npMH)')IUleHID1. B ..' pMe CJ1y4aeB, npMMeHel-lMSI OT!1eJlbHblX Mep HMeeT Me)l(OTpaCJ1enol1 xapaK- Tep (HanpMMep MCpbI CneUMaJ1bHOrO 3JlMMHMc-rpaTMBHoro npeCe'leHH}I). 6. Mepbl MMHMCTpaTMBHoro npHHY)K.[(eHMSI npMMeHSlIOTCSI npH B03HMKHOBeHMM 06CTOJITenbCTB, yrp0)l(alOWMX 6e30naCHOCTM nHIlHOCTH HnM o6111eCTBeHI-IOM 6e30nacHocTM, B CBSI3H C COBepweHMeM aaMMHM- CTpaTMBHblX np3BoHapyweHHM, a TalOKe .l1J1SI npe,aynpe)K.[(eHMSI M npe- celleHMSI npaBoHapYllIeHMH M npecTYnJIeHMi1 1 . 7. nOpMOK npMMeHeHHSI Mep 3JlMMHMcl'paTMBHoro npMHY)KJ1eHMSI OTnMqaeTCSI OTHocMTeJ1bHoH npocToTOM H MeHbWMM 061>eMOM npaBoor- '-" paHMllel-IMH. OrnenbHble aBTopbl B KalleCTBe oco6eHHocTM allMHHl1c1]JaTMBHoro npl11-I}I)K1leHMSI YK33bIBaIOT Ha TO, 4TO Mepbl aaMMHI1C1]JaTI1BHOrO npHH}')K- '-. )1eHMSI no CBoeM cHlIe M CypOBOCTH MeHee 3HaIlMTeJIbHbJ, 1.1eM MepbI yro- nOBHoro B03)1ei1cTBIDI 2 . E.aBa nM MO}I(HO 6e30rOBOpOt.IHO cornaCMTbCSI C .naHHbIM CY}f()leHweM. oco6eHHO eCJ1M I1MeTb BBI11IY TaKyIO Mepy 3lJ.MHHH- crpaTMBHoro npI1HY>K1lCHM}1 KaK npMMeHeHHe on-IecrpeJIbHOrO OPY)l(115I 3 . no cnoco6y oxpaHbl npaBOnOpSlJl.Ka BeJl.yuUle cneUl1aJUICTbI B 06- naCTH aaMMHMcTpaTMBl-lOrO npMHY>K1leHMSI BbI.neJ1HIOT cne,aYlOlllHe rpyn- nbI Mep aal\1MHMCTpaTMBHoro npMH}')K,aeI-IM$l: Mepbl aaMHHMcTpaTMBHoro npenynpe>KlleHHSI, tepbl aJlMMHMCTpaTI1BI-fOrO npeCel.JeHMSI, 8,llMMI-II1CT- .- paTMBI-IO-BOCcTaHoBMTenbHble Mepbl, MepbI 8,llMI1HHCTpaTMBHoM OTBeT- cTBeHHOCTI1, Mepbl a.llMMHMCTpaTHBHo-npoueccYaJlbHOrO 06eCne1JeHMS1. 1 CM... HanpJ11Cp: AleeHKOeQ r. T. MCpbl a;:J.l\1J1HlICTpaTJ1BHOrO npeCCl.JeHI1S1: ABTOpC$. .al-iCC. ... KaHH- IOpl-l11. ilaYK. - M.. 1982. - c. 10: ApdalllKlJH B.ll. Mepbl 3aWJ1Tbl (rlpeCCl.JeHI1S1) B COBeTCKOM a.IlMI1HHCTpaTl1nliOM npaBe: ABTopec:P. HHCC... KaHil. IOp..t.lt. liaYK. - T O1CK 1968. - C. 6; M,IHzec A. B. PeaJllt3auJ.1S1 KOHCTI1TYUI10liHOfO npana Ha licnpUKOCHOBCHHOCTb JIJ1I.JHOCTI1 B cc:Pepe cnCUHaJlbHOrO a.Il1J1HI1CTpaTI1BHOfO npCCetjeHHH: AB"rOpec:P. HI1CC... KaHn. IOpJ1H. liaYK. CnepJIJIOBCK, 1990. - C. II. 2 P03eHl/Jellbo B.ll.. t C",aplIJ10e IO.H. AnMI1HI1CTpaTI1BHOC IlpI1HY)l(lleHJ1C. AnMJ1HI1CT- paTl1nliaJl OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb. AilMJ1HI1CTpaTHBHO-IOPI1C.ltHKUI10HHbIM npouecc: Yl.Je6- Hoe noc06l1e. - BOpOHe}K, 1993w - C. 17. :4 KHR3bK08 A.C. npllMellCllltC 11 ItCnOJJb30BaHI1C OfHCCTpCRbHOfO opY>KJ1J1 cOTpynHI1- KaMI1 MHRI1LlI1H KaK 1\1epa aLll\1I1HHCTpaTI1BHO-npaBOBoro npeCe t ICHI1J1: 11l1cc.... Kalin. IOpl-lll. HaYK. - TOMCK: 1011 Try, 1998. - C. 32-33. 122 
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B rOCYJJ.apCTBO, a TonbKO npULlUCAJllOmCR K HeMY; OllM Cyrb Te «rpa)I(Ualfe in spe», KoropbIe npe6blBaKYf, MO)l(eT 6bITb, n0)l(l13HeHI-IO B COCTOSIHI1" nonypa6oB nonynollllaHHblX, nOnHTl1 t leCKJ1 OTfl"l..Ja.HCb OT .>KJ1BOTHbIX TonbKO 3T"M «B03MO)f(HbIM 6YllYWillM)))I. KpynHblH POCCiIIHCKHM nOJ1i11- ueHCT M.T. TapacoB B CBOI1X pa60Tax KOHua XIX BCKa 060cHoBBan npaBo rpa)Kl1all Ha «conpOTI1B1IeHl1e WlI1 HenOBiIIHOBeHl1e HC3aKOlll-lblM pacnOpIDKelll1SlM Ii npeJJ.nillCaHI15IM)2 nonl1Ul1" 11 auMI1HI1CTpauMH. B Ta- KOM nOBelleHl111 rpIDKJIaH «B OTHOWeHl111 K SlBHO HenpanJiJJbHblM C BlleWlleu CTOpoHbl 111111 no (j>opMe JleMCTBI1BM, paCnOpSl)l(eHHHM H npeJl- nHCalIHRM>) 11 3aKJIlOl..JaeTCSI, no ero MHeH"IO, «cywecTBo 3aKoHoMepHoro nOBI1HOBelIIDI, B OTnl1I..JI1e OT 6e3YCJlOBliOro 111111 naCC"BHOrO nOBI1HOBe- H"SI, lleCOBMeCT"MOrO C nOHSlTHeM 0 nonHTHKo-rpa>KlIaHCKOM cB060JJ.e)3. OJJ.HHM 113 KpynHeHW"X OTel..JeCTBCHHblX MMI1HHC1}JaTMBI1CTOB M .,[{.. 3arpSlUKOBbiM ewe B 1924 r. naHO onpeJleJIeHMe a,llMI1HI1CTJ)aTHB- HOM )i(3J106bl KaK OTKpblToro 06paweHIDl 3aliHTepeCOBaHlloro n"lia K «"epapXl1lfeCKJ1M BblCLUI1M opraHaM a,llM"HHCTpaTI1BHOM BJlaCT" B ueJIHX 113MeHeHHSl WII1 YHI1 t lTO)l(elll1Sl llenp3BMlIbHOrO auMI1HHC1])aTI1BHOrO pacnopIDKeHIDI 111111 ynymeHIDI no MOTMBaM ero HeJJ.OCTaTOI..JHOM Q>aKTI1- lJeCKOM HJlI1 IOpl1ll""leCKOH 060cHoBaHHocTH)4. B I-laCTOHwee npeMSI OCllOBHblMI1 cpeJJ.CTBaMH 3aWl1Tbl npaB " MH- TepeCOB rpa)l(J13H OT 3JIoynoTpe6JIeHI1H. 61OpOKpaT"3Ma.. lleKOMneTeHT- HOCTH, I1HepTllOCTH " I1llbIX, no BbIpa)l(ellHH. [{..H.. 6axpaxa, «alIOMa- n"M B .neSlTeJ1blIOCTI1 o6nallaTeneM BJ1aCTHbIX nonHOMOtIHM», fIBnSIIOTCH: I) C031laHI1e M neSlTenbHOCTb ynonHOMOtleHHblX rOCYllapCTBellHblX (MY- HI1Ul1nanbHblx) opraHOB (cYJ:1a, npoKypaTypbl, rOCY.l1apCTBelIHbIX "1-1- CnCKU"H 11 lIP.), Ba>KHeMllleW 3aD.al..JeH KOTOpblX BBJ1HeTCSI 3aWillTa npa- BOnOpSlL{Ka; 2) CYWCCTBOBaHl1e ill .l1eSlTeJ1bHOCTb He3aBHCMMbiX OT roey- llapCTBa MHCT"1)TOB rp3)KJ]allCKOro 06wecTBa, cnoc06HblX OKa3aTb no- MOWb rpIDKlXaHaM; 3) aKTI1BHa$l JJ.eSlTeJIbHOCTb caMHX rpa)f(llaH" I1cnonb- 3YlOlllHX npeJJ.OCTaBJIellllble 11M npaBa; 4) npoueCCYaJIbHafI 3aWI1Ta, per- naMeHTHpOBaHHaSi HOpMaMI1 rpa)l(,llaHCKoro, ap6111pIDKHoro, aD.MMHHCT- paTHBHoro npoueCCYaJ1bHOrO npaBa 5 . B peanbHoM )l(M3HH Bee Ha3BaHHbie cnoco6bl TeCHO CBSl3aHbl, l..Jawe BCCro I1cnonb3YlOTCSI OllHOBpeMeHHO.. rpIDKllaHHH 3aWHwaeT CBOI1 npa- Ba HenocpellCTBeHHO caM (OTKaJ BblnonHHTb He3aKOHHoe pacnopSl)l(e- .. v- I CM.: J1AbUH M.A. 0 CYlllHocnf npaBOCo3H3HI1JL C06paHl1e C01.IMHeHI1: B 10 T. T. 4. - M.: PyccKaR KH11ra.. 1994. - C. 261. 2 Tapaco8 H. T. OlJepK HaYKI1 nOnl1ueHCKOro npaBa. -- M. 1897. - C. 63. 3 Tapacoe H. T. YKa3. COI.J. - C. 63. 4 3aZPllU,K08 M.Jl. AnMI1HI1CTP3TI1Bt-18S1 IOCTlflll1f1 11 npaBO >K8J106bl. - M., 1924. - C. 59. 5 CM.: Eaxpax 1l.H. npaBO t-Ia 33llll1Ty OT HenpaBWlbt-lblX JIettcTB"R (pellleHI1H) 11 6e311eiicTBl-tR ny6nl1l.JHoi1 a.rtMHI-fI1CTpaUI1H / MaTep"aJ1b1 Me)f(lJ.YHapOllHOH HaYI.Jt-IO- npaKTl1lJeCKOii KOlicpepeHllMi (4 anpenJl 2003 r., MocKBa). - M.: MocY MBn Poc- CI1H 2003. - C. 303. 128 
HMe l10n)KHOCTHOro nHua, HeRBKa Ha pa60Ty no MCTe1..JeH"H YCTaHOB- neHI-IOrO 3aKOHOM cpOKa co D.HR nonallH 3aSlBJIeH"R 06 YBonbHeH"H no c06cTBeHHoMY )l(enaHHIO H T.n..), nH60 06pamaSlcb 3a COl1eHCTB"eM K rocYl1apCTBeHHbiM M HerocynapcTBeHllblM opraHH3aUIDlM, HHHUH"PYR MX npaB03aWI1THYIO l1eSlTenbHOCTb. OlJeBI1J1lI0, 1..JTO Bce rpa)l(J1aHe BCTynalOT BO B3aHMOOTHOllleHI15I C oprallaM" ny6nHt.{HoH MMHI1cTpauHH HaMHoro qarue, 1..JeM C HHblMH rocynapcTBellHblM" " MYHHUl1naJIbHblMM opraHaMH. AuMHHHcTpaUHSI npHHHMaeT, npH3bIBaeT, Ha3Ha1..JaeT, BbllI,enReT, BbLQaeT, H3blMaeT H no- BCel{HeBHO pe8J1H3yeT MHorHe HHbIe BJlaCTHble nonHOMOllHSl. ny6n"lI- HaR aI1.MHH"CTpaUHR HapYlllaeT npaBa rpIDKQaH no MHoro pa3 60nbllle, tleM Bce MHbie cy61>eKTbl ny6n"1..JHOH BJ1aCTH (Cy.nbl, opraHbI npoKypa- Typbl H l1p..) BMeCTe B3RTble. n03TOMY 3aUlMTa npan H 3aKOHHbiX HHTe- "" pecoB rpa:>KLlaH OT HenpaBl1JIbHblX .neSlHH" BJ1aCTM 3TO, npe}Klle Bce- ro, 3alllMTa OT HenpaBl1JIbllblX l1eSlHHM rocYl1apCTBeHHoH H MYH"UI1- naJIbHoi1 MMHHCTpaUI1I1 Ha OCHOBaHHH aOMuHucmpamu8Ho-npa808ou ,JlCGflo6bl, OTnHlJalOweHCSI OT )KaJI06 Ha pellleHM I1JIH npHroBopbl cy- l1e6HbIX opraHoB. B 90-x rOl1ax XX BeKa B POCCH" cepbe3Ho 06HoBMncR 11 pacw"- pl1JlCR MaCCHB npaBoBblx HOpM pernaMeHTHpYIOWHX npaBa rpa)K)laH Bo06we H oc06eHHo I1X npaBo Ha 3aWHTY. Bo-nepBbIX, CT. 30, 31, 33, 37 B KOHCTHTYliHM POCCHMCKOH <])ene- paUHH 3aKperuIeHbI H B HaCTOSllllee BpeMR lliHpOKO I1cnonb3YIOTC KOA- AeKmU8Hble Q>OPMbI 3aWHTbi npaB. rpa)l(J1aHaM npe.nOCTaBJ1eHO npaBO Ha npOBeneHHe 3a6acToBoK, C06paH"M, MHTHllfOB, nCMolICTpaUl-iH, nHKe- THpOBaHJ1e. PeaJIbHblM CTaJIO npaBO Ha 06bel1HHeHHe DJl 3aWHTbI CBO- HX "liTepeCOB. B KOllCTHTYUHH CKa3aHO H 0 npaBe Ha KOnneKTI1Blibie 06pameHHSI B rocynapcTBeHHble Ii MYHHUl1nanbHble opraHbl. BO-BTOPbIX, 3Ha l l"TenbHO paClll"p"n"Cb B03MO)KHOCTI1 nJISI cyiJe6- " HOU 3aw,um bI.. B-TpeTbHx, YBen"1..Jl1nHCb B03MO)l(HOCTI1 ll11Sl peanH3aUHH I1HblX npaB I-Ia 3aW"Ty. Hanp"Mep, 3aKpenneHHe npaBa Ha HOllleHHe H xpa- HeHH5I OPY)l(I1S1 1  Ha lJacTHylO .l1eTeKTI1BHYIO H oxpaHHYIO lleSlTenbHOCTb 2 n03BonSleT IlIMpe Mcnonb30BaTb npaBO Ha He06xonHMYlO 060POHY. B03- HHKHOBeHl1e 06mecTB 3aW"Tbi npaB nOTpe6HTenei1, COnD,aTCKHX MaTe- pei1, HaJIOrOllJIaTenbWHKOB, pa3BHTHe C"CTeMbl 06111ecTBeHtlblx npaBO- OXpaHI1TenbHbIx OpraH"3aUMH, nORBJ1eHHe He3aB"CHMbiX Cpel1CTB Mac-  - - I CM.: cD3 OT 13.12.96 r. «06 0pY)l{I1I1) (c H3MCHeH....SlMH l-fa 8 eKa6pSl 2003 r.) II C3 PcI>. 1996. NQ 51. CT. 5681; 2003. J\fQ 2. NQ 50. CT. 4856. 2 CM.: 3aKOH PcI> OT 11.03.92 f. NQ 2487-) ((0 QaCTHoi1 .llC1eJ(fI1BHoi1 11 oxpaHHoH JleSiTenbHOCTI1 B POCCH"CKOH 4>enepauHH) (c J.l3MeHeHHSlMI1 l-fa 10 RHBapR 2003 r.) II BCHLl P«1> 11 BC P4>. 1992. M 17. CT. 888; C3 P. 2002. N2 12. CT. 1093; 2003. J\fQ 2. CT. 167.. 129 
COBO" I1HQ>OPM3UHI1 C03naeT rpa)l(llaHaM 60nee 6narOnpHIITHbie B03- MO)KHOCTI1 .nJlSl 06paweHI1S1 3a IOpH1I.MlleCKOH nOMOUlblO B Herocy.napCT- BeHHble OpraHH3aUHM. B-'-ieTBepTbIX, C03.naHa HOnaSi rocy.n.apCTBeHI-,aS1 OpraHM3aUMOHHO- npaBOBaSl cpOpMa 3aUlMTbl rpa}l(l].aH MHCTI1T}T ynonHoMOlleHlloro no npaBaM lJenOBeKa POCCMMCKOH <I>ellepaUI1H M COOTBeTCTBYlOlUMe I1HCTH- 1)'Tbl B pSille cy6beKTOB cJ>e.uepaUHH '. B-nSlTblX, C 5 MaSl 1998 r. B POCCHHCKOM cJ>ellepaUI1H BCTynMna B cMny KOHBeHUHH 0 33lUMTe npaB 4enOBeKa III OCllOBHblX CB060JI.. B co- OTBeTCTBHI1 C HelO nlO60e nMUO; rpynna qaCTllblX nMU, «KOTopble yr- Bep)l(1:\alOT, liTO SlBMlIHCb )KepTBaMH HapywelII1M...), BnpaBe 06paTMTbCH C )l(arI06aMH B EBpOneMCKI1M cyJI. no np3BaM llenOBeKa. all MO>KeT npMHSlTb neno K paCCMOTpeHl11O TonbKO nocne Toro, KaK 6bVIH HCllep- naHbl Bce BHyrpeHHMe cpellCTBa npaBOBOM 33I.llMTbJ. BblCOKO ouellMBaSi Bce npOJI.enaHHOe, cne,UyeT CKa3aTb, t.fTO, K CO- >KaJ1eHI1IO, pearIblla$J 3aWMweHliOCTh rpIDKllaH 3aBHCHT He TonbKO OT KOnllllJeCTBa M KalleCTBa IOpMnl14eCKI1X HOpJ, pa60Tbi npaBOOXpalll1- TenbHblX opraHOB 11 HerOCYllapCTBellHbIX opraHH33UHH.. Pe3KMH pOCT 3KOHOMI1lJeCKI1X 11 HaCMnbCTBeHllblX npaBOI-iapyweHI1M" ocna6neHI1e rocynapcTBeHHOM BJ1aCTI1 no PSlllY 061>eKTIIIBI-'bIX 11 cy61>eKTHBHbIX npM- 4HH 3HallMTenbHO OCna6Ml1M pearIbllYIO 3aUlIIIUleHHOCTb npaB rpa}f(a3H. CeHlJaC I1X HeJI.OCTaTOlIHO 3aUlMlUalOT CY,Ubl, a MJ1J1I11UH$I, MHbIe oprallbl ny6nH4HoH McnonHMTenbHOM BRaCTH aCTO He npl1HHMalOT He06xoJI.H- MblX Mep no HX )KarI06aM. IOpl11(1-1lJeCKHe MexaHH3Mbl npaB03aUlHTHOM neSlTenbHOCTM no 3KOHOMHlleCKHM, OpraHl13aUJ10l-lHblM M I1HblM npl1- IllllllaM B nOJlllOM Mepe He Hcnonb3YIOTCSI. 1.JT06bI npaKTHlleCKI1 YCMnMTb 3aWIIITy npaB rpa)K)lall, npenCTOHT CllenaTb eUle OlleHb MI-'oroe. Hecnyqai1Ho n03TOMY 3311a t 1H no Monep- u v HI13aUH" BceH CMCTeMbl MCnOJ1HIIITenblIOJ1 BJIaCTI1, pa3rpaliMIleHlllIO nonHOMOlIHM Me)l(llY YPOBllSlMIII BRaCTIII M o6ecne t leHHIO HX QJHllaHCO- BOH caMOCTOHTenbHOCTH B nOCnaHI1H npe3111IeHTa POCCHH <Denepanb- llOMY Co6paliHIO P<D nOCTaBJleHbl B OJI.IIIH PIDI C He06xonHMOCTbIO «CQJOPMI1pOBaTb 3QJQ>eKTMBHO pa60Ta1OUlJ1M MexaHH3M pa3perneHMS1 cnopOB Me)KUY rpa}f(aalll1HOM III rocynapcTBOM 3a ClleT COBeprneHCTBO- BaHMSI MMMHHCTpaTMBllbJX npoue.nyp 11 cy.ae6HbIX MexalIM3MoB)2. He npeTeHllY$l Ha paCCMOTpel'IHe Bcex acneKTOB 3TOH np06JIeMbl, 3Ha(.IMTenbllaSl I.IaCTb KOTOpblX BblXOnl1T 3a paMKI1 nl1CCepTaUHOliHoro HCCJIenOBaIII1SJ, 06paTMM BHMMaHllle Ha pHll OCl-IOBOnOnaralOUlMX MOMCH- TOB, BIDKHblX 11MeHHO C T01.IKM 3peHMSI np06JIeMaTHKH nMccepTaUMH. I CM.: eI>KC OT 26.02.97 r. NQ 1-<1>K3 ..06 Ynonl-foiOl{efll-fO\1 no np3B3l\.1 1.JeJlOBCKa B POCCHHCKOH eI>C.l1CpaUHH 1' II C3 PeI>. 1997. No 9. CT. 1011. 2 nOC1I3Hue npeJH.aeHTa PeI> B.B.nyrHI-fa <J}CllCPWlbHOMY Co6paHHJO PeI> OT 16 MaS! 2003 r / / IIPOCCHI1CK3J1 f33CTa".. 2003. 17 M3H. NQ 93. 130 
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Ha Teppl1TOpl111 rOpOJ1a, BnpaBe...». O"IeBI11lHO, TeXHI1KO-JOpI1llI1QeCKYJO He,nopa6oTKY pOCCI1HCKOH KOHCTI1TyUI1I1 Cne.nyeT ycrpaHI1Tb. KpoMe TO- ro, no onbrry MOCKBbI 11 pHn.a .npyrl1x cy6'beKTOB <l>e.nepaUI1I1 I COOTBeTCT- BYlOlUl1e 3aKOHo.naTeJlbHble aKTbl CJ1e.nyeT npl1HSlTb nOBceMeCTHO. Ko BTOpOH rpynne OTHOCSlTCSI aKTbJ <l>e.nepaJIbHOrO ypOBIDI, perynl1- pYlOlUl1e nOpHn.OK paCCMOTpeHI1:sJ Bcex <l>OPM 06paWeHI1H rpaH )l(aJIo6, npeDJIO.>KeHI1" 11 33$IBJleHI1H. K I1X QI1CJ1Y OTHOC:sJTC:sJ: YKa3 npe- 3111ll1YMa BC CCCP OT 12 anpeJ1$J 1968 r. «0 nOpmIKe paCCMO'TpeHI1SI npennO)KeHI1H, 3aSlBJleHI1H 11 }KaJlo6 rpaH»2, pH.L{ 3aKOHo.naTeJ1bHbIX aKTOB, peryJ1l1pYJOWI1X paCCMO'TpeHl1e CneUMaJII1311pOBaHHbIX 06pawe- HI1H, Hanpl1Mep, B c4>epe 113611paTenbHoro npaBa], TaMO.>KeHHOrO 11 Ha- J10rOBOro perynl1pOBaHIDI (rJ1aBa 7 TaMO.>KeHHOrO KOLleKca P<I>; llaCTb 1 pa31leJ1a VII HanoroBoro Ko.neKca P<I», OKa3aHIDI Cnel.ll1aJ1H3l1pOBaH- HOM Me.nI1UI1HCKOH nOMOWI1 (3aKoH P<I> OT 2 I1lOlliI 1992 r.. «0 nCI1XHaT- pl1'leCKOH nOMOWI1 11 rapaHTIDIX npaB rpaH npl1 ee OKa3aHI1I1)4), Me- CTHoro caMoynpaBJleHIDI 5 , a TalOKe YKa3 npe3HlleHTa POCCI1I1 OT 3 anpeJUI 1997 r. NQ 288, KOTOpblM 6blJIO yrBep)l(1{eHO «nonoxeHHe 06 YnpaBJleHIIII AaMI1HI1CTpaUl111 npe3M.LleHTa POCCI1I1CKOH <l>enepaUI1I1 no pa60Te C 06paweHIDIMI1 rpCUKllaHaMI1), KOTOpblM Ha 3TO nOnpa31leneHI1e MMI1HI1CTpaUl111 6blJ111 B03JIO.>KeHbl 4>YHKl.ll1l1: 06ecne t leHl1e paCCMOTpe- HIDI YCTHblX 11 nl1CbMeHHblX o6paWeHI1H rpaJK1laH POCCI1I1CKOH <l>enepa- UI1I1, I1HOCTpaHHbIX rpIDKllaH 11 J1I1U 6e3 rpIDKJIaHCTBa, a.n.peCOBaHHbIX npe3111leHTY POCCI1I1CKOH <l>e.nepal.ll1l1 II MMIIHI1CTpal.lll11 npe311.neHTa POCCIII1CKOM <De.nepaul1l1; I1H4>opMaul1oHHo-CnpaBOQHaSi pa60Ta, CB.SI- 3aHHafl C o6pallleHI1:sJMI1 rpIDKllaH; aHaJlI13 06paweHI1" rpa>KllaH, a.n.peco- BaHHblX npe31111eHTy POCCI1MCKOI1 <De.nepaUI1I1, 11 nOJ1rOTOBKa COOTBeTCT- BYlOlUl1X .nOKlIa.n.OB; I1H4>opMaUI10HHO-aHaJlI1TI1LJeCKOe 11 MeTo.nI1QeCKoe 06ecne4eHl1e .neSiTenbHOCTH AaMI1HI1CTpaUl111 npe31111eHTa POCCI1MCKOM <I>e.nepaUI1I1 no pacCMOTpeHl-l1O 06paweHI1H rpIDKJIaH 6 . ... I HaJlpMMep, 16 neKa6pSl 1997 r. B CBepllJlOBcKoi1 06nacTHoi1 IlpI1H.HT 3aKOH "06 06paWeHi1HX rp3)KllaH Ii . 2 YKa3 npC3ltnHYMa BC CCCP OT 12.04. Ng 2534-VII (40 nopRnKe paCCtOTpeHHSI npeD.J10)KeHMH, J3SlHneHWM W )l(aJ]06 rpa}KJlaH» (B pen. OT 4 MapTa 1980 f., C H3M. W lIon. OT 2 <l>eBpaJIH 1988 r.) II BenoMocTIt BC CCCP. 1968.. NQ 17. CT. 143. j <1>3 OT 05.07.99 r. N2 133-<1>3 "0 BHCCCHWW W3MeHeHJ.tH 1-1 nononHcHwi1 B <1>ene- panbHblH 3aKOH "0 CTaT)'ce tJneHa COBeTa <1>ellepaUWH It CTaT)'ce nenYTaTa rOCYJlap- CTBeHHOJ1 DYMbl <1>enepaJIbHOrO Co6paHWR POCCWHCKOH <1>cncpaLlWW" (c 113M. W non. OT 12.02, 04.08.0 I r.. 09, 25.07 02 r., 10.01, 30.07.03 r.) / I C3 P<1>. 1999. Ng 28. CT. 3466. 4 33KOH P<1> OT 02..07.92 r. NQ 3185-1 1'0 ncwXWaTpl1QeCKoi1 IIOMOU1W It rapaHTI1S1X npaB rpa)KITaH npw ee OKa3aHI1I1 ' . (c W3M. W D.011. Ha 10.01.03 r.) II BCHD W BC P<1>. 1992. NQ 33. CT. 1913; C3 P<1>. 2003. NQ 2. CT. 167. S 4>cllepanbHbJH 38KOH OT 06.10.03 r. NQ 131-<1>3 «06 o61llwX npwHuwnax opraHH3a- UWI1 MeCTHoro caMoynpaBJ1eHltSl B POCCWHCKOH 4>ellepaUI1It» I I C3 P<1> 2003. NQ 40. CT. 3822. 6 C3 P<1>. 1997. NQ 14. CT. 1612; 1998. NQ 17. CT. 1910. 132 
K TPeTbeH rpynne OTHOCSlTCSJ aKTbl, KaCalOWl1eCSJ TOnbKO }l(an06 rpIDKllaH. I1MeJOTcSI B BHnY: <1>e.nepanbHbIM KOHCTI1T)'UI10HHbIH 3aKOH OT 26 <l>eBpanSi 1997 r. «06 YnonHoMOLJeHHOM no npaBaM LJeJIOBeKa B POCCI1HCKOH <1>e.nepaUI1I1) I, <1>e.nepanbHbIH 3aKOH OT 27 anpeJIH 1993 f. «06 06}1(3J10BaHI1I1 B cy.u .neHCTBI1H 11 perueHI1H, HapywalOWl1x npaBa 11 cB060.nbl rpIDKllaH)2, pSl I1HblX npaBoBblx aKTOB. K TpeTbeMY BI1DY OTHOCSJTCSJ Be.nOMCTBeHHble HopMaTI1BHble aKTbl, npMHSlTbie B nocne.nHl1e rODbI 11 perynHpYJOlUl1e nopSU1oK paccMoTpe- HI1S1 Bcex TPex cpOpM 06paweHI1H rpIDKllaH npeDJIO}l(eHI1H, 3a5lBJle- HI1H II >KaJI06. TaKl1e aKTbl 1131laHbl 80 Bcex <l>e.nepanbHbIX opraHax HC- nOnHI1TeJ1bHOH BJ1aCTI1, cywecTBOBaBWI1X .no 9 MapTa 2004 f., T.e. DO YKa3a npe311DeHTa P<1> NQ 314, n03TOMY B KaLJeCTBe npl1Mepa npl1Be- u .neM nl1Wb HeCKORbKO Ha3BaHI111 113 orpOMHoro Cnl1CK8 COOTBeTCTBYIO- WI1X npl1Ka30B 11 HHCTPYKUI1H 3 . Pa3p03HeHHOCTb 11 H3J1I1'-1l1e BO MHorOM YCTapeBwero 3aKOHo.na- TenbCTBa, perynl1pYlOlllero BonpOCbl aJ].MI1HI1CTpaTMBHo-npaBOBblX )Ka- no6 rp£l)f(1laH HaCTOSJTenbHO Tpe6yeT npl1HSlTI1S1 <1>e.nep3J1bHOrO 3aKOHa «(06 06paweHI1}1x rpa}l(JlaH). npoeKT TaKoro 38KOHa 6bUI no.nrOTOBJIeH 11 npl1HHT focy.napcTBeHHoH )1YMOH ewe 25 .neKa6pSJ 1997 r., HO OT- KJIOl-leH npe3HlJ.eHTOM POCCI1I1. B nl1CbMe 06 OTKJIOHeHHI1 3aKoHonpo- eKTa 4 6blJ1 npl1Be.neH psta apryMeHToB C KOTOpbIMI1 TPYDHO COrnaCI1Tb- CSJ. npe311DeHT POCCHHCKOH <1>eDepaUI1I1 OTKJ10Hl1n 3aKOH, B qaCTHO- CTI1, no CJ1e.nYIOWI1M OCHOBaHI1SIM: «B CTaTbHX I.. 2 11 nocne.nYlOwl1x CTaTbSlX <I>e.uepaJIbHOrO 3aKOHa «06 06paweHI1SJx rpa>KllaH» B Kpyr I C3 P<I>. 1997. NQ 9. CT.I011. 2 BCHD 11 BC PC<I>CP. 1993. NQ 19. CT. 685; C3 P<I>. 1997. NQ 14. CT. 1612. 3 CJ\t.: npl1Ka3 rOcHapKoKoHTponSl P<I> OT 07.08.03 r. NQ 49 "06 yrBepJKaCHI-1W J1H- CTPYKUI1I1 0 nopSlnKe paccJ\tOTpCHI1S1 npCJIJIO)KeIII1M )KaIlo6'1 33S1BJleHI1H rpaJKa3H 11 OpraHI13al11111 nW1.IHoro npl1eMa B opr3Hax no KOH.rpOJ11O 3a 060pOTOM l-iapKOTW1.le- CKI1X CpCllC rB H nCI1XOTpOnHblX BewecTB u I I POCCI1MCKaSl ra3eTa. 2003. 16 CCHTSl6pR. NQ 184; npl-1Ka3 <l>en.cpanbHoM cnY)f(6bl )f(ene3HOnOpO>KHbIX BoiicK P<I> OT 30.09.02 r. NQ 386 "0 flopSlllKe paCCMOTpeHI1Sl npCJIJIO>KeHWJ1, 3aSlBJ1eHwH. }KaJIo6 11 OpraHl133UI1J.t llpl1eMa I pa>KJlaH B )t(ent;3HOnOpO)f(HbIX BoitCK3X POCCI1i1CKOi1 <1>cncp3UI-1I1.. / / 6IOJI- nCTCI.lb Hop1aTMBHbIX aKTOB <J>cncpa:lbHbIX opraHOB I1CnOnHI1TenbHOW BJI3C"rl1. 2002. .1'.fQ 50: npl1Ka3 rocynapcTBcHHOM TeXHJ.i l ICCKoi1 KO1J.tCCI1I1 npl1 npe3HllcHTc P<I> OT 14.0.0] r. NQ 241 "06 YTBCpJKaeHJ.il1 MHCTPYKUI1I1 0 nopSlllKe paccMoTpCHJ.iSl npeD.J10- >KeHw. 33S18J1eHwi1 M >K31106 rpaJK.Ll3H B rocynapcTBeHHOii TeXHMlleCKOW KOMJ.iCCI1W npM npe31111eHTe PocCI1ftCKOH <l>ellepaUWI1" I I EIOJIJ1CTeHb HopMaTwBHblX 3KTOB <J>c- nep311bHblx opraHoB McnonHwTcnbHoH 8J1aCTW. 2001. NQ 30; npl1Ka3 <l>CE PeD OT 04. ] 2.00 r. NQ 613 1106 yrBep>KJleHI1M MHCTPYKUJ.il1 0 nop.HjJ.Ke paccrwloTpeHI1S1 npen- nO)KeHwH. 3aSlB.aeHI1W W )£(31106 rpa>KJlaH B opr3H3x <J>encpa.nbHoH CJ1Y)f(6bI 6c30nac- HOCTI1" (c 113M. 11 nOII OT 14 aBrycTa 2001 r.) II EIOJlneTeHb HopMaTwBHblX 3KTOB <J>enep311bHblx opr3HoB HcnonHMTenbHOW BnaCTI1. 2001. NQ 3; npl1Ka3 MBD P<I> OT 01.03.99. N2 150 1'06 opraHw3auww llenonpoH3BollcTBa 11 IIOpRaKe paooTbl C o6pa- meHI1SlrwlM rp3>KJlaH B UCHTp311bHoM annapaTe 11 nOn1.jJ.iHeHHbJX nOJlp3311eneHMSlx M BD POCCMH" (c 113M. M lIon. OT 22 WlOn.H 2000 r.). 4 nHCbMO npe311J1eHTa P<I> OT 24.01.98 r. NQ np-96. 133 
cy61>eKTOB, paCCMaTpl1BalOWI1X 06pamelll1S1 rpa)f(ll,1H, BKJIlOqeHbl 06llle- CTBeHHble 06"benJIHeHI1:sJ, npeLlnpl1:sJTI1S1, Y'-Ipe)f(lleHI1SI H OpraHI13alll111 HC3aBI1CI1MO OT 4>OPM co6CTBeHHOCTI1, tJTO npOTHBOpeql1T CT. 33 KOH- CTJITYUJIH POCCI1HCKOH <I>enepaUJIJI, COrJIaCHO KOTOPOi1 rpa)f(llaHe Poc- CJIHCKOH <I>enepaUI1I1 I1MelOT npaBO 06paruaTbcSI T011bKO B rocynapcT- BeHHble opraHbl Ii OpraHbJ MeCTHoro caMoynpaBJIeHI1S1, a YKa3aHHbIe OpraHI13alll1JI K TaKOBblM He OTHOCflTCSI. OHM He Moryr HalleJISlTbCSI ro- cynapcTBCHHbIMI1 n011HOM04JISlMI1, Ha HI1X TalOKe He Moryr B03JlaraTbCSI 06S13aHHOCTI1, He CBOHCTBeHHble I1X npaBOBOty nOnOJKeHI1JO)}. B03HI1KaeT Bonpoc: MO)KHO 1111 113 TeKCTa CT. 33 KOHCTI1TyUI1I1 CLle- 11aTb BbiBOn, tJTO o6pawaTbcSI rpa>K.llaHe Moryr mOJlbKO B rocynapcTBeH- Hble 11 MYHI1UJlnaJIbHble opraHbl? YKa3aHHaSl CTaTbSl TaKoro nOnO}l(eHI1 He con.ep)KI1T. KOHCTI1TYUI1 peryJIl1pyeT OTHOWeHI1S1 rpIDKaaH C ny6- J1UltHOU 6naClnblO.. B03MO)KH0 9 n03TOMY B HeH pe1.lb l1n.eT 06 06paweHJlfIX B opraHbl ny611Ht.JH0I1 BJlaCTI1, HO 3TO He :sJBJISleTCSI OCHOBaHl1eM DJ1S1 BblBOLla 0 TOM, qTO HeJIb3:sJ B 3aKOHe 3aKpenl1Tb npaBO rpa)f(llaH 06pa- waTbC:sJ " K aLlJ\1I1HI1CTpaUI1S1M rOCYllapCTBeHHblX npcn.npl1:sJTI1I1, Y1Ipe>K- n.eHI1H, B 06meCTBeHHbJe OpraHJl3alll1l1, K pYKOBonl1TenSiM KOMMepqe- CKI1X CTPYKTYp. Hanpl1Mep, B '-1.1 CT. 43aKoHa P<I> OT 27 anpeJISJ 1993 r. CKa3aHO: «fpIDKllaHe BnpaBe 06paTHTbcSI C )KaJl060H Ha lleHcT- BlUl (pellleHl1fI), HapywalOlUJIC ero npaBa H cB060nbl 111160 HcnocpencT- BeHHO B cyn.. JII160 K BblweCTOHUleMY B nOp.sID.Ke non. l II1HeHHOCTI1 opra- HY, npennpl1SITI1IO, Y'-lpe)f(lleHI1IO., 06"benI1HeHI1IO, 06UlecTBeHHoMY 06'b- enI1HeHI1IO...).. 3HaqJIT npe311n.eHTcKoe BeTO Ha npl1Hs:lTblH rOCLlYMoi1 11 o,n06peHHbIH COBeToM <l>cnepaUI1I1 3aKOH npOTI1BOpe411T 3aKOHY I. B 3TOH CBSl311 BbJCKa)KeM pSI)]. CY>KQCHI1M no cOnep)KaHI1IO 4>en.e- paJIbHOrO 38KOHa, perY11l1pYlOwero Bonpocbl 06paUleHI1s:1 rpa>KllaH. I. BocT})e60BaHHOCTb TIlKOrO aKTd CBSlJaHa C TeM, '-ITO KOHCTI1TyUI1SJ OTHeCJla K BeneHl110 POCCI1MCKOH <l>e,nepal.11111 pery11l1poBaHl1e npaB 11 CBO- 60n rpIDKllaH (n. B. CT. 71). nOJ1araeM, 'lTO 3aKOH .non>KeH 6blTb paMO"tHblM, COnep)KaWI1M I1Cxo,nHble HaqaJIa C TeM, '-ITo6bl Y'leCTb npaBa cy6DeKTOB 4>e,nepau"" 11 npen.OCTaBI1Tb 11M n011HOMO'-lJISI no peWeHl1fO PMa BOnpo- COB, CBSl3aHHbiX C pa3JIl1tlHblMI1 BHaaMI1 06palUeHI1" rpIDKllaH. UeJIecoo6- pa3Ho TalOKe, 'IT06bl TaKoM 3aKOH OCHOBbIBaJIC:sJ Ha npl1HUl1ne Bce06lUHo- CTH, T.e. nOR)KeH pacnpocT}JaHSlTbcSI Ha Bce cl>opMbl 06palUCHI1H rpIDKllaH: )KaJl06bl, npelIJlO)KeHJISJ, 3a5JBJ1eHJISI, xonaTaHCTBa, neTI1UI1JI. no 3TOMY 3aKOHY rpa)l(llaHI1H BnpaBe 06>KaJlOBarb B BblweCTOSlUll1e opraHbl I1nH B cyn nJ06ble BHllbl perueHI1H, LleMCTBI1S1 (6e3Dei1cTBI1C) opraHOB 11 nOn}l(HO- CTHblX n11U, rocy.napcTBeHHbIx 11 MYHI1Ul1naJIbHbJX CJ1}')KaWJlx. I Ha 3TO 06palllaeT BHI1)\.taJ-IMe It n.I-I Eaxpax.. CM.: Eaxpax 1l.H. npano 1-1(1 3aLUrry OT Henpa8101RbHbiX neHLJBliw (peWeHltH) 101 6e3.lleHCTBIt1Sl ny6J11i\IHOH aarw1liHMCTpaU1t111 / / M3TCpliMbi 1e}K!ly.{apOllHOi1 HaY'IHo-npaKTI1 1 ICCKoi1 KO.IepeliUI111 (4 anpenR 2003 r. MocKBa). - M.: MocY MB POCCIt1It1. 2003. C. 305. 134 
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HOBHoe nl1Uo 1l0n)l(HO HeCTI1 OTBeTCTBeHHOCTb B COOTBeTCTBl111 C 3aKO- HOllaTeJIbCTBOM. B 3aKJIIOtJeHI1e OTMeTI1M, t.JTO 33KOH «06 06pal11eHKSlX rpa.:JK.[{3H), KaK, Bnpo'-IeM, 11 nJ060H I1HOH HOpM3TI1BHblH np3BoBoM 3KT, MO}l(eT Bbl- nOJ1HSlTb <)JYHKUI1IO rap3HT3, eCJ111 OH an.eKBaTeH 3KOHOMI1'-IeCKOH 11 no- RI1TltLJeCKOH CI11)'aUHH B CTP3He. EllB3 nl1 MO)I(HO npl13H3Tb HOpMaJIb- HbIM, '-ITO H3 Teppl1TOpHH POCCI1HCKOM <DellepaUI1I1 npOllOn)l(3eT lleMcT- BOB3Tb 33KoHo1l3TenbHblH aKT 6blBwero COlO33 CCP, npl1HSfTblH notJTI1 40 neT TOMY H338l1. 1 B COBepmeHHO I1HbIX 06weCTBCHHO-nOnI1TI1'-1eCKI1X ycnOBI1HX. I1ccnen.oBaHl1e T3Koro BaJKHeHWero n.eMOKp3TI1'-1eCKOrO I1H- CTltTYfa, KaK np3BO 8lI.MI1HI1CTpaTI1BHOH )l(aJI06bJ CBl1l{eTeJ1bCTByeT 0 He- 06xOJJ.I1MOCTI1 Kpl1TI1LJeCKH nepeOCMbICJJI1Tb n.eMCTByJOllll1e B 3TOH c<pepe 33KOHOllaTeJ1bHble 3KTbI, np3KTI1KY I1X npl1MeHeHKSI, C TeM '-IT06bl Bblpa- 60TaTb COOTBeTCTBYIOWlle npeA110)l(eHKSI no I1X COBepweHCTBOBaHI1IO, H3np3Bl1eHHbie H3 ewe 60nblllYIO lleMOKp3TI13aUI11O .aaHHoro I1HCTI1T)'T3. I I1MeeTcR 8B"D.Y YKa3 npe3l1Jl"YMa BCpxoBHoro COBeT3 CCCP OT 12 anpeJlH 1968 f. «Q nOp$U1Ke paCCMOTJ)eHM1i npeJll1o}j(eHHH, 3aSlBneHI1H It )l{aJlo6 rpa)f(ll3H). 138 
JlHTepaTypa A6pymuII P.JO. CTaH08JleHl1e, pa3BTl1e  peMI13aLlMSl aaMMHMCTpaTBHO- npaBOBOrO cTaTyca MnJ.1U B POCCMCKOH <I>elIepaUM: ABTope<J>.. .n.I1CC... KaHn.. JOpMn.. HaYK. - Cn6., 2004. - C. 20. A8pymlJH 10.£. nOnLlI11  l\.1HnUR B l\.1eXaHI13l\.1e 06eCnelJeHJ.1R rOCYD.apCTBeH- HOW BJlaCT B POCCI1. TeopHR. MCTOPI1R. nepcneKTI1BbJ. - Cn6.: IOpl111M\.jeCKM UCHTp npecc, 2003. - C. 342. AepynlliH 10.£. nonl1uSI  Ml1nHL1SJ B .teXaHI13Me 06eCne'ieHfI rOCYJlapCTBeH- HOW BnaCTJ.1 B POCCM. TeopSl. I1cTopSl. nCpCI'ICKTBbl. - Cn6.: IOpHlll1tjeCKI1H LleHTp npecc. 2003. C. 342. A6p}'mUH 10.£.. COUMMbHO-lOpJ.1.lJ.l1 t lecKaSi npHpo.n8 npaBoooro peryJ1poBaHSJ (TeopeTJ.1Ko-MCTOD.OJIOrl1tjecKoe 06ocHoBaHl1c) I I AK1)'aJlbHbIC npo6.neJ\.fbl TCOP" M I1CTOp rocynapc-rna 11 npaBa. Te311cbl Me)KBY30BcKoi-f HaytlHO-TCOpeTI1l.JeCKOIt KOH- <l>epeHLlI1. CaHKT-neTep6ypr 24oKTSl6pSl 2003 f. - Cn6.. 2000. - C. 16. AepynlUJI 10.£.. 3y608 J1.H. OpraHbl BHyrpeHHI1X n.CJl B rocynapcTBCHHOM J\.fexa- HlMe POCC HCKOrt <I>cncpaUH 11. C. 16. AepynlllH 10.£. KUKonlb B.D.. CbJOopYK 11.11.. npaBOnOpRIlOK: OpraHI1331.1110HHO- npaBoBoe 06ecnCloleHl1e B POCCHCKOH 4>eJlepallMI1. - M.: IOHMTH-DAHA. - M.'t 2003. AO.l"UHIJClnpanlu6HO€ npaBO / nOD. pcn.. IO.M. K03JIOBa, JI.J1. n0110Ba. - M.. 2000. AleKcaHopo6 A.I1. YronOJiHO-npoueccYaJIbHaSl no.nI1TKa B Pocc B YC.J10BHRX pe(pOpMHponaHI1Sl rocyn.apCTBa: HCTOpSl 11 COBpel\.1eHHOCTb. - Cn6. 1998. AtleKcee6 C. C. 06waH TeopSI npaBa: Kypc B 2-x T. T. I. - M.. C. 268-269. A i leKcee8 C.. c. npaBoBble cpenCTBa: nOCTaHOBK3 npo6JIeJ\.fbl nOHRTMe, KJ1aCCI1- <J>MKaLlI1R I I COBeTCKOC rocynapcTBO 11 npaBO. 1987. N2 6; OH )KC. Teopl1S1 npaBa. 2-e jJJ.. - M. 1995. C. 217-223. AneKcee6 C.C. npo611eMa TCOp rocyn.apCTBa 11 npaBa. - M. 1987. - C. 194. AleKceee C.C. TCOpl1Sl npana. 2-c H311. M. 1995. - C. 218. 223. A.lleXUH A.n.. KapMoll/KUli A..A.. K03.J108 IO.M. AnMHcTpaTBHoe npaBO Poc- ccKoii <t>en.epau: Ytje6HK. M.: 3epuMo. 1997. - C. 455. AHO...tIJH n.B. rocy.n.apcTBeHHble MHTepeCbI  npana tjenoneKa: COOTHoweHJ.1e  npOpI1TeTbl. A1l1nuneHKo B. (/J. Me.>KJ1YHaponHo-npaBOBa.H nOrl1K3 nocrpoeHI1S1 HaUOH3J1bHOro 3a- KOHOJlare.nbCTBa B c<f>epc 6opb6bI C TCppopl13MOM II BeCTHK MnA CHr. 2002. - C. 242. ApiJaUJKIJH B.Jl. 0 nOJl1..JI1HCI-lM  npI1HY>Kll.eHM B COBeTCKOM rocyn.apcTBeHHoM ynpaBJ1CHI1: BonpocbI rOCYD.apCTBa  npaBa. - TO"fCK, 1968. - C. 249. 6a..ypax J1.H. An.\IHl1crpaTBHoe npaBO POCCI1I1: YlJe6HI1K J]J1R BY30B. - M.: HopMa-HH<I>PA. - M., 2000. - C. 600. Eaxpax .D..H. npaBo Ha 33WI1Tj' OT HCIlpaBI111bHbIX aeftcTBI1R (perneHI1H) 11 6e3- neMCTBI1R ny6n.lo" anMHCTpaUJ.1 I MaTepHMbI Me}KJlYHapon.HoH HaYlIHO- npaKTecKoft KOH<J>epeHuM (4 anpenSl 2003 r., MocKBa). - M.: MocY MBn Poc- C, 2003. - C. 303. EeAbCKuii K. C <1>eHoMeHOJlOfI1H a.rtMHCTpaTBHoro npaBa. - CMoneHcK, ] 995. DU6./1Ull. KHwrM CBflweHHoro ncaHMR BeTxoro  HOBoro 3aBeTa: KaHoHIC- CKoe CMHOJlaJIbHOe M31l8HMe. Helsinki, 1997. EOUK08 B.3. Ha Koro pa60TaeT BJlaCTb? 1/ Ham8 BJ13CTb: nena  nMU8. 2004. N2 2 (38). C. 38-39. 139 
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