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yCJ10BHJI 1l0roBopa. no KOTOphlM CTOpOHbI He npHWJlH K COfJI3WeH('JIO. OnpeLleJIJlIOTCII 13 COOTBeTCTBHH C peWeHl1eM cy.ua. ECJ1H an.pecaT 13006- we HHKaK He OTpearHp013an H8 npellJlO)l{eHHe JaKJIlO4HTb 1I0rOBOp, TO ero MO:J'IaHHe paCC).taTpHBaeTCS!. no 06meMY npaBHJly. KaK OTKaJ OT Jal<;II04eH(JS! 1I0rOBopa. H TOJIbKO B CJlY4allx. npllMO npellycMOTpeHHblX JaKOHOM. 06hl'laHM('J lleJlOBOrO 060pOTa ('JJI('J npe)l(HHMH .u:eJIOBhI"t('] Or- HOWeHHJlMH CTOPOH. MOn'laHHe paccMaTpHBaeTCII KaK corn8CHe 3aKJI[Q '1HTb 1l0roBOp (n 2 CT. 438 rK). Ba>KHOe 3Ha'leHHe npH 3aKJIIO'leHHH 1I0rOBOpoD npHoopeTaeT 130- npoc 0 flpeMeHH H Mecre 3aKJIIO'IeHHS! 1I0rOBopa. K 1l0roBopHbiM OTHO- WeHI1J1).t npl1MeH.IIeTCJI 3aKOHOnareJlbCT80, .necTBYlOwee Ha MOMeHT ero 3aKJI104eH(J.II Ha TOt! TeppHTopHH. flie OH 6b]JI 3aKJI104eH. CornaweHHe C'lHTaeTCH COCTOIIBW('JMC.II B TOT ).tOMeHT. KOr1l8 o4JepeHT nOJl}"lHn CO- rJlaCHe aKuenTaHTa 3rOT MOMeHT 11 npH3HaeTCS! BpeMeHeM 3aKJIIO'leHHJI .IIOr013opa. (1Hoe npa13I1JIO YCTaHOBJIeHO }]JiJl peaJ1hHblX 1l0rOBopOB. }]Jill 3aKJIIO'leH(J.II KOTOPb]X He06xOllHMO He TonhKO COf]]aWeHHe CTopOH, HO H nepena'la ('JMyw:eCTBa T8KHe 1l0rOBophi C'lHTaIOTCII JaKJII04eHHhlMH C MOMeHTa nepella'JH COOTBeTCTBYlOwero HMywecTBa. HaKOHeu, norOBOp. nOllJle)l{aWHH rocynapCTBeHHoi1 perHCTpaUH(J. C'IHTaeTCII 3aKJIIO'leHHh]).t C MOMeHTa ero penicrpalllm, eCJI('J HHoe He YCTaHOW1eHO JaKOHOM (CT. 433 fK) ECJlH 13 norOBope He YK:naHO MeCTO ero 3aKJI104eHI1I1. no- rOBOp npHJHaeTC.II: JaK1I[Q4eHHhIM 13 MeCTe >KHTeJlhCT1!<l rp.uIU1.'IHHHa HJlH B MeCTe HaXO)l(JleHHJI IOpHllI-i'leCKoro JlHU8. HanpaBHBwero o4Jepry (CT 444 rK). EOJIhWOe 3Ha'leH('Je HMeeT TalOKC 13onpoc 0 Ha'lane H OKOH'ffiHHH lleiicTBHJI 1I0rOBopa B eo<:mIITCIDl1l1 co CT 425 rK .IIOrofiop IJcT)'naeT 13 CHJlY H CTaHOBHTC.II: 06.11:JaTeJlbHbI"t llJIJI CTOpOH C MOMeHTa ero JaKJIIO- 'leHI1I1. BMecre C TeM CTOPOHh] BnpaBe YCTaHoBHTb, 'no YCJ10BHJI 3a- KJII04eHHOro HMH 1l0roBopa npHMeHlllOTCIi K I1X OTHoweHHJlM. 803H(1I(- WI1M .no 3aKJIlO4eHHJI .noroBopa. 3TO Mor)'T 6b1Tb $aKTH'IeCKHe OTHO- IlICHI1I1. cnO)l{H8WHeCII "tC)I(!1Y cTopoHaMH HanpH).tcp. 113rOTODHTCJlb npollYKl[I1H OTrpy3lI'J ee nOl])e6fo1TenlO. HY>K1l8lOmeMYcSI B AaHHot! npo- nyKUfoll1. a nocnenH(Jt! npHHJI}! ee 6e3 KaKot!-JlH60 1I0r080peHHocTH Me- >K.1IY H(JMH. B 3TOM CJlY48e CTOPOHbI MOtyf IOpWU'l'leCKH 04JOPMI1Tb CBOH OTHOWeHHJI nyreM 3aKJIlO4eHI111 1l0roBopa. KOTOpuk pacnpocrpaHJleT c130e lldkTBHe Ha y)l(e cymeCTBYlOllIHe Me>K.1lY HHM('J OTH(lllIeHHJI no nOCTaBKe npollYKUHH 3TO MO)l(eT 6h]Tb H npaBooTHoweHHe, 803H(JK- IDee Me)l(J()' CTOpoHaMI1 (J3 npyrHx IOpHlIH4ecKHx l}JaKToB H He yperYJlH- pOBaHHoe AOJl)l{HhlM 06P3.30M. TaK, eCJlH npH 3aKJII04eHHH t<pel!llTIioro noroBopa CpOKO'" Ha O.nHH ron CTOPOHh] He or08opHJIH nopllllOK B03- 13paTa KpenHTa. a 1l0Jl>KHHK CTan raCllTb ero e)l(eMeC.II:'1HhIMH nnaTe>Ka).tH no 1/10 '1acTH BJSlTOIt B KpellHT CYMMh], TO CTopOHbl MOtyf 3aKJIIO'IHTb 1l0rOBOp. npellYCMaTpHflalOWHii TaKOH noplillOK noraweHHII KpellHTa KaK 3a HCTeKWHe. TaK H Ha nocne1\YIOWHe nepHOllb] nnare)l(eii. 46 
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UHIO B"beJJlHOrO n}'TH, npHMbIKalOwcrO K CTaHUHH. OTBeT'IHK, OTKaJ.aB- W('JCb OT 3aKlIKJ'1eHHII llOrOBopa. 13 CYlle CCbIJIaJlCH Ha npMHUHn «CROGO- llbllloroBOpOB» OnHaKO npe3lW.H}'M Bblcwero Ap6HTp<l)l(HUm Cyna P$ C "THM He COrnaCl1flCH OH 06p3THJI BHHMaHMe Ha TO. '1TO 13 COQTBeTCTBHH C YCTa- 110M JKeJle3HblX nopOf CCCP B3aHMOOTHOWeHHJI Me>KJJ.Y >KJle3HOii no- porOH H npellnpHHTHJlMI1, Y'1pe;KQeHMHMH. OpraHH3aUHJlMM. MMeIOWH- MM >KJle3HOnOpO)l(Hble nOn"beJJlHble nynl. perYJlHpylOTCH noroBOpOM Ha 3KCnJl}'8raUHIO nOn'be31lHOrO nyn]. npH 3TOM flpaBHJla 3KCnJlyaraUHH >KeJle3HOllop0)l{HblX nOll'beJ.llHbIX nyrei1 1I03JIarmOT Ha )I(Jle3HYIO llopory 06JI3aHHOCTb paJpa60TaTb npoeKT .norOBopa. a Ha BeTBeMMeJlbueB - ero 3aK!lIO'1I1Tb. Co CCblJlKOH Ha CT 86 YCTalla >KenC3Hb[X llopor M CT. 421 rK 6blJla nQJ:I'lepKHyra He060cHOBaHHocTb YK!lOHeHI1SI OTBeT'm- Ka OT 3aK!lIO']eHHJI .noroBopa. BMeCTe C TeM HOPMbl. npenYCMaTpl1BalOWHe 06113aTeJlbHOe 38KJ1IO- 'IeHHe .norOBopOB. He Moryr TOflKOBaTbCH "pacnpOCTpaHHTeJlbHO». no :nOH np(1'lI1He. H8npHMep, npe311J1HYM Bblcwero Ap611Tpa)l{Horo CY.lla P$ npH.lHaJI. 'lTO caMa no ce6e rlQCTdBKa TOBapoB DJUI fOl;y.napcTIJeH- HblX HY)l(!1 He JlMHCTCII nOCTaTO'1HbI"t OCHOBaHHeM lIJIJI nOHY;KQCHHH CTOpOHbl K 3aK!lIO'1eHHIO AoroBopa. B .uaHHOM cJlY'1ae OTCyrCTIJOBaJI lIO- BelleHHblW no nOCTaBUlHK3 3aKa3. J1CKJlIO'IeHI1H (13 npaBHJT 0 llOr0130pHoti cB060ne, .lI0nYCKalOllIHe DOJMO)l{HOCTb Tpe60BaTb 33K1IIO'leHMe norOBopa 13 06113aTeJlbHOM nopll1l- Ke. 13 fpa)l(.lIaHCKOM KoneKce P$ CRH3aHbI rJla13HblM 06pa30M co cneUH- aJ1bHbIMH KOHCrpYKUHJlMH npellBapHTeJlbHblX 11 nyfuH'IHbiX .norOBopOB. OnHO H3 p33JI11'lHH Me;t(1ly 3THMH DJlYMJI KOHCTpyKUHJlMH COCTOHT 13 TO"t. '1TO 13 nepBOM CJ1Y'l<le Hcnonb30BaTb npa130 Tpe6013aTb nOHyJKJJ.eHI1SI K 3aKlIIO'1eHHIO .norOBopa B npHHwme lIJOeT JlI06aSl H3 CTOpOH. a 130 13TOPO"t - JlHWb OAHa 113 HI1X - KOHrpareHT. T.e KOMMep'leCKall opra- HH3aUHJI. KOTopall Y.lIOBJIeTBopHeT npellYCMOTpeHHblM CT. 426 rK npH- JHaJ<aM COOTBC1'CT1ICHHO npllMble OTCb]JlKH K CT 445 rK COllep)K8TCII B cr. 426 fK (..ny6'lH'IHblii 1l0roBOp») (1 CT. 429 rK ("flpe.IJ.Bap('JTJlbHhIH 1l0roBop») TaKI1M 06pa30M. BCHKI1t1 pn, KorAa fpa>K1l8HCKI1t1 KoneKC P$ HMeHyeT OnpelleJIeHHb]e THnbl (BHllbl) .noroBopoB nyfu(1'1HblMI1. 3TO 03Ha'l8er, '1TO Ha HI1X pacnpocrpaHHeTCH pe>K('JM, YCTaHOILeHHblii B CT. 445 rK. Oc06blH CJ1Y'1aH npellycMOTpeH 13 n 2 CT. 846 rK. KOTopall nOCBII- weHa AOrOBopy 6aHKOIJCKOro C'leTIl. XOTH TaKOM AOrOIJOp H He OTHO- CHTCII K 'lHCJlY nyfuH'1HbIX. B YKaJ3HHb!X 3TOH CT3Tbdi CJ1Y'1aIlX KlIl1eHT 13 nopllJJ.Ke, npenYCMOTpeHHOM lIJIJI nyfuH'1HhiX 1l0rOBopOB CT 445 rK, BnpaBe Tpe60BaTb 3aKJIIO'leHHSI noroBopa. ecnH 6aHK (HHoe Kpelll1THOe Y'lpe;KQeHHe, HMelOwee COOT5eTCTBYIOWYIO JlI1UeHJIJIO) He06OCHOBaHHO YK!lOHHJlCII OT3TOro. 48 
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paBHeHHble K HI1M MeCTHOCTHO OT 4 OKTH6pll 1992 r. YK83aHHblii aKT C'IHTaeTC.II nOCTaTO'lHb!M OCHOBaHHeM llJI.II 3aKllIO'leHI1.11 COOTDel'C1'B)'I WHX 1l0rOBopOB, nOCKOnbK)' Me>K.1lY n0CT813WHKaMH cywecrBYIOT llJIHTeJ1b- Hble x0311J:1cTBeHHble CBJl3H. flpH 3TOM ap6IiTIJ<UKHlliI npaKTHKa Bcerna npli3HallaJ1a, '1TO Tpe60BaTb 33KJIIO'leHHII C HHMH 1l0rOBopC)Ij MOtyT  If re opraH('J3flL[HlJ. KOTopble caMH He npoH31!Ol1HT TOIl3pOB A/HI yt<UIHHOro pai10Ha, HO 3aIU1\181OTCS! nepenpolla)l(et1 TOoapoB c nOCJlt'llYlOlllC nepeOT- npaBKoil nOKynaTeJlII),t, pacnOJlO)l(eHHbl),t 13 TIlKHX piii:OHax. B COOTBeTCTBIIH C OCHOBHbl"tH n0110)l(eHHJlMH rOCYll8jXTBeHHOH npo- 1p3MMb! npflB3Tfl3flUlJH rOCYlI8pCTBeHH"-IX 11 MYHHUl1naJ1bHbIX npellnpl1- JlTHJ:I P$ apeHJl1TOp'iM 3ll8HHiI. coopy>KeHHJ:I. crpoeHHJ:I. nOMeweHHt1. B TOM '1l1cne BCTpoeHo-npflCTpoeHHb]X He)l(linblX nOMeweHHJ:I 13 >KHJlb]X no- Max, a Ta]{)l( JeMe;]bHbIX )''1"X:TKOB non npHHaTfl3HpoBaHHblMH npeD.npl1- JlTHIIMlJ. KOTOpble HaXOIDITC.II 13 apeHlle rum $aKTH'leCKOM BJWJleHHH. no.lb- 30BaHlJ('J :HII" npennpfillTHii, npeaOCTaBJIHeTCII npaBO 1pe60BaTb 3aKJIIO'1e- HH.II C HHMH norooopOB Kyrum-fJ)JQILJ)KIl COO11IeTC11JYIOWHX 06'beKTOB. 06113BTeJlbHoe 33KJIIO'1eH('Je 1l0rOBopa COCTallJJHeT 'laCTb 06wero pe- >KHMa. YCTaHOlIJJeHHOrO aHTfiMOHononbHblM 3BKOHOllaTeJlbCTBO),t. TaK. 3aKOH «0 ecTeCl1ICHHblX MOHOnOJilJHX" OT 19 HIOJIJI 1995 r YCTaHaIlJJHBa- eT 06wylO HOPMY. 13 COOT13eTCTHHH C Kompoi1 Cy6DeKTbl eCTeCTBeHHblX MOHOnOnlJtI. T.e. IOplUlll'leCKHe JlHua, 3aHIITble npOH3BonCTBOM. peaJ1HJa- L[Heii TOBapa B YCJ1013f1I1X eCTeCTBt'HHOil MOHOnOJlHH, He 13 npaBe OTK3- 3aTbClI OT 3aKJlIO'IeHH.II norooopa C onpeD.e.eHHbIMI1 nOTpe6HTenllMlJ 0611JBHHOCTb 3flKlIlO'leHHJI .u:orOBOpOB 33KpenJleHa B caMOM KoneKce H 3a npeneJlitMH ny6J1H'IHbIX H npen13aplJTenbHblX 1l0rOBopOB. TaKHe CJ1}"1aH, II 'laCTHOCTH. npellYCMOTpeHbI npHMeHlJTenbHO K nOCTaBO'lHb]),t H nOllPHllHblM OTHOWeHHJlM TaK, n. I CT 527 rK, nocllllweHHoii mcy- .uapcTBeHHoMY KOHTpBKT)' Ha nOCTaBKY TOBapoB llJI.II rocy.napcTBeHHblx HY)I(JI, B03JI8raer 061!3aHHOCTb ero 3aKJIIO'IeHHJI Ha rocYllBpCTBeHHOrO 3aKa3'1HKa, paJMeCTHBwero 'HKa3bl. npHH.IITble nOCTaBWIiKOM (HCn011- HHTCJlCM) B CH1IY CT 765 fK :JTB >Ke HopMa llet1cTB}'eT H nplJ Bb!nOJlHe- HHe nOlIplllIHblX pa60T DJlJI rocyll8pCTBeHHbJX HY)I(!1. KOlieKc HHOrll8 OrpaHH'IHBaeTC.II YKa3flHHeM Ha TO, "ITO COOTBeTCT- 13YIOW811 06113aHHOCTb - 33KJIIO'1HTb norOBop no Tpe6013aHHIO JJ.P)'rOH CTOPOHb] - lIdtCTlweT 1IHWb npH HaJlH'II1H CneUHaJ1bHoro YKaJaHHJI Ha :nOT C'leT B 3aKOHe HanpHMep, YCT3H013HB 06113BHHOCTb rOCYllapCTBeH- HOro 3aKB3'1HK:I 3aK.IO'IHTb norOBop C nOCTaBWHKO),t (HCn011HHTeJleM). 3aKOHOllaTeJib B n 2 CT 527 rK npellycMoTpen D03MO)l(HOCTb cnY'Iall, npH KOTOpOM 3aKJIIO'IeHHe TaKoro KOHrpaKTa 06H3arenbHo H DJlJI no- CTaDWIiKa (HcnOJiHHTeJiH). B C(1),tOM KoneKce conep)l(aTclI YCJlOBHJI YKa- 3aHHoro 06CTOIITeJibCTBa, B '18CTHOCTH, TO. '1TO rocy.u:BpCTBeHHblil 3a- KBJlII1K .n011>KeH 6y.neT BOJMelll8Tb nOCTaBWHKY Bce nOHeceHHble y6bIT- K('J. B03HI1KWlJe B CBII3H C BblnOJlHeHl1eM rOC}'lI8pCTBeHHoro KOHTpBKTa flpaBHJiO 06 06.113aHHOCTH 3aKllIO'IHTb .nOroBop 11 npaBe Ha B03MeweHHe 50 
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TaKHM OOpB30M, np('JHUl1n peaJIbHOrO HCnOflHCHlU1 COXpaH}[er CHoe JHa'leHHe B KB'leCTBe o6wero npaBHJla, KOTOpoe MO)l(eT 6),1Tb H3MeHCHO COfJIaWeHHeM crOpOH 1IH60 BKJlIO'IeHHCM B .norOBOp ycnOBHJI 06 oTcryn- HOM (n. 3 CT. 396 rK). JaKOHOM npcnYCM01peHbI OTnenbHble CJ1Y'laH npllll.vDumelbHOi'O IIcnoJj- Hf!IIUH v6nJOm£lbCmfIa fI lIamype. HanpHMep, HeI1CnOJlHCHHe 06I133.HHOCTrJ nepenaTb I1HllHBI11IyanbHo-onpellCJIeHHYIO Bellib npellOCT(lBJlJleT I<pelI1f'IUPY npaBO rpe6ororb oTo6paHHII 3TOH BeWH H nepell3'1H ee t<pelIJIropy Ha npe- .nyCMOTpeHHbIX 06J13aTcnbCTHoM yCJlOIJHHX (CT. 398 rK). O.nHaKo Ht'HCnOJl- HeHlJC 0611JaHHOCTIJ 13bJnOJlHlJTb onpeneneHHYIO pa60ry npellnoJiaraer y)l(C He lpCtioDaHHe 06 lJCnOJlHCHHH B Harype, a yn.'J:JI)' nCHe>KHOH KOMneHca- UHH Ja HcnOnHeHl1e pa60Tbl 111160 caMHM KpelilfTOpoM. 1IH60 no ero nopy- 'JeHHIO 1]JeTbHM 1II1UOM (CT. 397 rK). Pa3JIH'IHbIJ:1 nonxoll JaKOHo.llaTeMI K npHH}'JllnenhHoMY I1cnOJlHeHHIO 06113areJIhCTBa B IUnype o6yCJJOlJl1eH !:a- MOH npHpOilOi1 06113aTeJIbCTBeHHb!X OTHoweHHii HeBQ3MO)l(HO 06I13aTb nOn>KHHKa npHHYllHTeJJbHO cOBepWI1Tb KaKDe--JlI160 nellCTIJHe. eCJIH OH He A:eJJaeT 3TOro nCJIaTb. Ea.HHCTBeHHoe. '.ITO MOJKeT ero nOHynHTb K COBep- rneHl110 1]Je6yeMoro .r:rdIcTmtR, - HMyweCTBeHHaH caHKUHII. T.e. $akTH'Je- CKH JaMeHB I1CnOl1HeHl111 06IDaTenbCTBa 13 Harype neHe)l(Hoti KOMneHC!Jl.[Ileii. uellOIIDTeJ1bHO, npHHUHn peaJIbHoro IICIlO'IHeHIfIl HMeeT HenocpellCIlJeHHoe ITpOlIlJI1eHHe JlHWb 13 06113aTCJ1bCTBaX no nepena'le HH1lIIBlt.I1)'3JIbHO- OnpellCJIeHHblX Berne". 13 HHblX >Ke 0611JareJlbCTBax HCnOJlHeHHe 13 Harype COBn\IJ.deT c npHHUHnOM H8!LJIe)l(amero HCnOJlHeHHH. C TO'lKH 3peHI1J1 npaRORoti npl1pOllbl HcnonHeHHe o6l!JaTeJlbCTaa JlIIJJJleTCJI npBBOMepHblM DonCBblM neHCTBHeM, KOTopoe lIJJe'ler npet<pa- meHHe 06S13aHHOCTH .nOJDKHHKa. CJle.nOBareJlbHO, MO)l(HO YTBep)l(Jl8.Tb. 'lTO HcnO.HCH('Je 06H3aTCJlbCTBa }[B!UleTCII CJ[eJlKOH. O.A. KpacalJ'IHKoB npH.1lep)l(H8anCH HHoro B3TJlJIllB flo ero MHeHHIO. HCn011HeHl1e He JlIIJJJI- eTCH ClienKOH. nOCKOJIbKY npaBOBb]e nOCJ1enCTBHJI HacT)'nalOT He3aBH- CHMO OT Toro, 6b1no .neHcTBHe HanpallJJeHO Ha .nOC1UiKeHHe 3THX no- CJ1ellCTBHt1 HJlH HeT I . flpen.cTaBJI.!leTCJI. onHflKo. 'ITO llOJl)l(HHK, cOBep- wall npellycMOTpeHHoe 0611JaTeJlbCTBOM lleticrBHe. crpeMHTCJI OC13060- llHTb cetill or 1Ie)l(aweti Ha HeM 06113aHHOCTH KpOMe Toro. HcnonHeHHe 0611JaTeJ1bCTBa npeliCTaDnJleT co60ti HMeHHO TOT pe3)'JlbTaT, K KOTOPOMY CTOpOHbJ CTpeMHnHCb, nOCTH>KeHHe :rroro peJYJlbTaTa JlBnJleTCII ue;'JbJO CTOpOH 06}[JUCJlbCTOa flOCKOJlbKY HCnOJlHeHHe JlIIJJJlCTCII CJ[eJlKOH. TO K HcnonHeHHIO 06I1JaTeJlbCTHa npHMeHHIOTCH 06WHe Tpe6013BHHH K co- BepWeHHIO ClleJIOK. (1cKilIO'leHHe COCTallJJJleT npaBH1I0 0 1}J0pMe CneJlOK B COOTDe'TCTDHH C n 3 CT. 159 rK CneJIKH BO HCn011HeHHe nHCbMeHHoro .noroBopa no cornaweHHIO CTopOH Mor)'T COBeprnaTbCII YCTHO. 1 CM.:  rpaJIUIIIIICKOe npaBO I nOli PC)!. 0 A. KpacaB'IHKOBa B 2 T T I M.1985 C.471 65 
(1cn011HeHHe 06b!'lHO He CBOllHTCII K COBeprneHHIO KaKOrO-JlH60 onHoro JJ.etiCTBHJI. T8K, BblnonHeHHe pa60Tbl COCTOlJT lJ3 HeCKOJlbKHX nocnClIOBa-renbHO COBepwaCMblX nct1CTBHH. KOTOpb]e npellCTaDnJlIOT CO- 60w OnpelleJleHHblt1 npouecc. non'lac :TrOT npouecc 06YCJIOBJIeH net1CT- BI1.IIMH KOIITpareHTa. Hanpf.iMep 110 113aHMHblX 06ma-reJIbCTBaX. B :TrOM CJ1Y'-J8e roBOpHT 0 BCTpe'lHOM HCnOJlHeHHH 06H3aTenbCTBa (CT. 328 rK) BCTpe'lHbIM npIJ3HaeTCH lJCnOJIHeHl1e 06HJaTenbCT!la onHoti 1f3 CTOpOH, KOTopoe 05YCJIoBJIeHo HCn011HeHHeM 05.113aTenbCTB npyroM CTOpoHOM TaK, nepellaore HMyw.eCTlJa no norollOpy KynJIlJ-npOllIDKli 06yc.IIOBJIcHa ynJlBToH nOKynHoH ueHbI, H HB06opOT. 3BKOH npenoCTaBJIIlf:T CTopoHe. cOBcprnBlOweH BCTpe'lHDe HcnOnHeHI1C. npHoCTBHODHTb HCnOJIHeHlJe JlH60 OTKa3.!TbCH OT HCn011HeHHJI H nUl1Je6oB3Tb B03MCWCHHII y6bITKOB. eCJIf.i o6yCJIOBJIeHHOe not"OBOPOH HcnonHeHHe npyroti CTOpOHOti He npe- 1l0CTaBJIeHO JJlroo lJ),telOTCII 06cTO!lTeJlbCTB3. CII('JlIeTeJlbCT13YlOl1!He 0 TOM, '1TO TBKOC HcnOnHCHI1C He 6ynCT npOH3DeneHO 13 YCTaHOBJIcHHblt1 CpoK HOpMbI 3aKOHa COnep)KaT npaBHJIa. OTHOCIIWHeCJI K COBepWeHl11O KaKorO-TO onHoro neHCTBHII. OnHaKO TaKHe 06113aTeJIbCTBa BC'JPt"IalOTCII nOBonbHO pellKO. 06bl\IHO 05113aTeJIbCTBa HMelOT CnO)KHOe conep)l(aHHe, npelln011aralOWee COBepweHHe lliIJI HCn011HeHHJI 05113aTeJIbCTBa He- CKO;JbKHX lleiicTDHti flpH CJ10)l{HOM xapBKTepe B3BI1MHbiX 06l!3aTeJJbcTB HMeeT 3Ha'leHHe, noraW8eTCII JlH I1Cn011HeHHeM OTlll:JlbHOii '1aCTH 0611- 3aTeJlbCTBB COOT13eTcTI!)fIOW811 06I!3BHHOCTb .u:OJl>KH('JKa 11 KoppeCnOH.1\H- pylOll.[ee eti npaBO KpeJl.I'fIUpa flpenCTaW1J1eTCII. 'lTO B3am,1006YCJ10B- 11eHHOCTb KBKHX-JlH60 YCJlOBHH 06!13BTeJlbCTBa BnOJIHe 1l0nycKaer B03- MO)l(HOCTb noraweH('J}f '1aCTH 061133.TeJlbCT13a. HanpHMep. npH co13eprne- HHH nOKynaTeJIeM no noroBopy Kynnf.i-np01l8)KH neticTBHJI no yn;urre np01l8BUY nOKynHoH ueHbI 06113aHHocTb nOKynaTen.ll npeKpaWaeTC.II. Ha ero cTopoHe OCTaeTC.II TOJIbKO npaBo Tpe60BaTb nepena'lf.i e)oty BernH H ero cof3cTBeHHaIl 06113aHHOCTb npHHJlTb BeWb Bce npaBa H 06113aHHo- CTIJ. OTHOCIIWHeCJI K ynJIaTe ueHbl, HC'IepnaHbl nOpllllOK cOBCpWeHHJI .u:OJl>KHf.iKOM nct1cTBl1w no f.iCnOJlHCHI1IO 0611- 3aTeJlbCTBa HMeHYeTCH cnoco60M ero HCnOJ1HeHHJI TaK, 06113aTCJlbCTBO MO)l{er 6blTb Hcn011HeHO PU30f1bUf UKmOM, Hanp('J),tep Q.lJ.HOKpaTHoti yn- 11arot1 Bcet1 JJ.eHe>KHOt1 CYMMbI npH KynJle-npona)l(e, 11('J60 nepuoduqe- CKU!>lU nmmeJ/CUMU (no t<.pe1lIITHOMY D.orof!opy). KaKot1 cnoc06 HCn011- HeHHJI H36paH CTOpOHaMH. OHH .nOJl>KHbl OnpeneJlHTb npH B03HI1KHOBe- HHH 06113aTeJlbCTBa EcnH CTopOHbl cnoc06 HCnOJIHeHH.II He OnpelleJIH- JlH. tqJellHTOp BnpBBe He npHHHMaTb HCnOJIHeHHII no '1aCTIIM, eCJ1H HHoe He npellYCMOTpeHO 3aKOH0ll8TeJlbCTBOM, YCJlOBHJlMH 051133.TeJlbCT- Ba 1IH60 o&.I'IaIlMI1 nCJ10BOrO 060poTa f.i CYIUCCTBOM 06113BnJlbCTBa (CT 311 rK). He.aonycTHMbI),t Jl13J1l1eTC!I onHocTopoHHee H3MeHeHHe yCJ10BI1H H onHoCTOpOHHI1W OTKa3 or HcnOnHCHHJI 06113BTCnbcTBB, KpoMe CJ1}f'l8eB. npellycMoTpeHHblx 3aKOHOM (cT.310 rK). 11nJl HCn011HeHHJI 06113a- 66 
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D.oroBop HO BblnOJ1HeHl1e 301<030 HO nocroBI<Y npo.o.YKl(HI1 AJlSl rocy,qapcmeHHblX HY>K.D. (KpaTKOH$opMYJ1HpOBKa:JaKOJO) 200 r. (nOJ1.fOCHO"M""OBaHHenpelllIp"HTHII.opnHHJOUHH.Y"peJiWeHHllnOCTaBU\HKO) H).IeHyeMoe B lIaJ1bHei:!weM «nOcTaBWHI<». 13 JIHue IwIlAH<lCIb. 011 11.0.) .neItCTElYlOwerOlJaOCHOIillHHH C O.l\HOti CTOPOHbl. H KOMHTeT 4JapMauHH npaBH"renbCTBa MOCKBbI. HMe- HyeMblfi B llanbHeiiweM ..3aKa3'lHK., 13 JIHue (iJ.(1I'l.U-f(ICo1I.H.O.J """ (nOJlHoeHaHMeHOBaH"enpeJ1npHHTHH.ynonHoMoeHHoroKo"'.neTOMoJ>.1pMaI-!HI1 H8HCnOJlHeJme$YHKl!HArocYll8peTB"HHoro:JaKaJHK8) HMeHyeMoe B .Il8J[bHetlWeM «3aKa3'lHK», B JIHue ne!1cTElYlOwero H:! OCHOB3HI1H nono;+:eHI:!JI 0 KO).lHTeTe 4!apMaUHI1 npa1\H- TI:JIbCTBa MOCK13bl, C J]JJ)TOii CTOPOHbl. 3aKJIlO'IHnH 1l0roBOp 0 cnenylOll\eM. I npellMeT rocynapcneHHoro norooopa I. 38K83'1I'1K nop)"IileT. iI nOCTaBll\HK npHHI'lMileT Ho eeGII npOBelle- Hl1eCJJeltVlOllIHxpaGOT (nocTaBOK npOIIYKUHH) (onHcaHHe:JaKaJa) (flOCT<l13WIIK 06113yercII 3<1KJ1IO'1HTh JlOrollOp c no.'IY'1<1TI:JIeM (J'ljWIH C 1peTbIIMH JIHU3MH), 06eCne'll'lBaIOll\HM onnal)' nOCTaI!OK) 2. PaGoTa no HacToHllIeMynor013opy 13blnOJlHlleTCH BCOOTBeJCTBIIH C COrJl3COBaHHbiM CTOpoH8MH (nOJI)"I8TI:JIIIMH) TeXHH'lt:CKIIM 3!U\!lHHeM H3 (HOHMeHOBBHHe:JaKaJa) 3 COllep>KaHHe. :nanb] H CPOKH IIbln011HeIJl.JJI pa60T onpellenJiIOTCJI corJJaCOBdHHblM CTDpoHaMH K"eH1lilpHblM n.1aHO:.f Pa60Tbl. He npellY- CMOTpCHHblC HacTQIIWHM noroBOPOM, 04!OPMJ1S1IOTCSI 1l0nonHI'ITeJ1bHb1M COrJl:!weHHeM. 91 
II. nOpll.1l0K Cl!1I'IR R npl'lCMKH pll60T 4. flpH 33BepweHHR pa60TbI (:nana) flOCT313WIIK npeJ\CT311J1l1:eT 33- K33'lHKY aKT cn3'lI'l-npIlCMKI'I pa60TbI (nOIl!THCaHIJblt1 nOJ!)"1I1TCJ!eM) C npHJlO)l(eHHeM K HeMY MaTepHaJ10B, npellycMOTpeHHblX TeXHH'leCKIiM 3al13HHeM 5. 3aK:i3'l1lK 13 Te'leHHe IHCH co llHn nonY'1CHRII 8KTa C.il8'lH-n)llieMKH pa60TbI 1 OT'1CTHbIX 1l0 K)'J>leHTo13 (M8TepHaJIOIJ) 061133H H8npaBHTb nOCTIIBWIIKY nonnMc3HHblii aKT Cna'lll-npIlCMKII (,]JlR MOTII- 13HpOlJaHHbltioTK33 6. BcnY'-1ae HectXJI'fIe1CfI\lJI pe3YJ1bT3T013 pa60Tbi TeXHH'lCCKOMY 33- 113H11O CTOpOH3MH COCTaB;UleTCl1 JlBYCTOPOHHHii 3KT C nepe'1HCM He06- XOD.IIMbIX .nopa60TOK. npeTCH3I1H 0 npOBe.1leHHI'I lIOpa60TOK 1IOJ!)!{Hb! 6b1Tb npellbllllJ1eHbl 3aK33'1IKOM BTe'lCHMC _llHeii nOCJ1e nOn}"1eHHJI mcra Cl!1I'IR-npHCMKM pa60T nOCTIIBWRK 06113aH npOH3Be- CTM HeOOxonl'lMblC IIcnpaBneHHn 6e3 1l0nOJ!HHTenbHoti OOJl8TbI 13 npene- Jlllx.noroBopHolllleHbI 7. ECJ1R npll npHeMKe BblnOJlHeHHblX pa60T 6yneT 13blJlllJ1eHa Heoo- XOD.I'IMOCTb .nopa60TKM HJ11'1 I'IJMeHeHl'ln OT.1\eJ1bHbIX YCJ10BHt1 B OTJ1l'1'll:!e OT nepBOHa'laJIbHOrO TeXHII'leCKOrO 3!1J!aHRII, 13 COOTBeTCTBHII C 3THM H3MeHeHHII CQIIepR..lHHJI P£OT no Tpe6ol1aHHIO 33Ka3'lHKa. rn pa60Tbi npOH3BOilIITCII no .IIononHMTCJ!bHOMY COrJ1alllCHHIO C YKaJaHHCM cpOKa HXBbln011HeHRII HCTOIIMOCTH. HI. CTOHMocTbpa6OTHnOpIlIl,OKpac'1eT013 8. 3a 13blnOJlHCHH)'IO pa60ry (:nao) COIJJOCHO HIICTOIIWCMY JIOfOIIOPY 3aK!J.NIIK yon8'1HBaeT nOCTIlBllIliKYCYMMY 13 py6I1X BCOOTBCTCTBHH C yr- oep>KD.eHHblM CTOPOHIIMR IIpOTOKQIIOM COrnaweHlJn 0 lIeHe UeHIl eD.RHH- Ubi nocrallJ1JlCMQlI npoJ:!YKl.!HH He MO)l(eT npeBbl1ll3Tb LlCHY eJlHHRl!bl npo- JlyKUHR B py6neaoM 3KBHBaJleHre Ha MOMeHT 05MBileHm] pe3ynbTaTOB TeHJ\epa. 9. On;taTa pa60Tbi (TanaJ npOH31J01IHTCII IJ COrlI3COBaHHble CpOKI'I nOCJ1e cna'lH nOCTaBllIHKoM H npHeMKH 3aK33'l11KOM BblnonHCHHoii P3- 6OTb! (Tana). o4>opMneHHoii 3KTOM Cl!3'1R-npHeMKf1. C'1eT3 nOCTall- WRKa C npllJl()XCHHblMII K HIIM 3KT3MR OlTlla'lHnalOTCII 3I1Ka3'lHKOM B YCTaHOBJIeHHOM nOpll.l\Ke 10 OnJ!aTa npoH3BOIIHTcn B py6nnx n03Ta!THO no ueHaM, YKa33H- HblM 13 npOTOKOJIe 0 .IIOroBOpHOti ueHe. 11311K3J'II'IKB .1IHeBHbliicpOKCnan>lnOD.nHCaHHn H8CTOllwero lIOroBop a oOe Cne'1RT flOCT313WI1KY OTKpb1THe $HHaHcR- POBaHI:!II DJlSI BbIlTO.HeHHJI norooop3 B o6beMe H $opMe, COOTBeTCT- BYlOllIHxycnoBHJlM npOBeneHHIITelUlepa. IV. OrBeTcTBeHHocTbCTOpOH 12 B cJlY'1ae nOCTa13KH HeK3'1enBeHHoti nponYKUIJH nOCT3131l1IJK no tpe6oll"lHHIO 3aK83LJRKa np0l13BQIIIJT 3aMeHY HeKa'lCCTBeHHoro TOBapa H1IK3'leCTBeHHblk 92 
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BeT'1HKY. CYll 'JeM CaMblM .naeT OTBt'T ('J Ha 06paweHHe ('JCTUB K CYD.y 0 JaWI1TeCrOnpaBa l n03HUHJI mnOpOB mpembeZO HGnfXJfUeHUH (K C IOlleJIbCOH. K.11. KOMI1CCapOIl. B.M. CeMeHOB H D.P.) 3aKJIIO'1aeTC.II B nOHHMaHHH HCKa KaK 'lHCTO npoueccyanbHoH Ka'Jeropl1l1. caMOCTOHTeJIbHOrO lJHCTH- TYf!I IpIDI<.IJ.iIHCKoro npoueccyaJibHoro npaHa 2 . Cy6'beKTHBHoe npallO, MaTepHaJ1bHOe 6.rJaro OHH BbillOlUIT 3a paMKH HCKa TaKoe npaBO (6JIaro) COCTaBJIlleT ueJlb. a He cOnep)l(aHHe lJCKa. (1CK KaK o6pameHHoe K CYllY I1J1H ('JHOMy KOMneTeHTHOMY opraHY Tpe60MHHe 0 JamHTe OTHoweHHn IOpHJII1'1eCKH paBHblX J]('Ju nyre", paJpeWCHHJI HX cnopa 0 npaBC Ha OCHOBC npHMCHeHI1J1 onHoro H3 YKa- 3aHHbiX 13 3aKOHe npaBOBOCCTaHOBHTenbHb!X cnoc060B 3aWI'ITb] HMeeT CBOI1 :J'IeMf!Itm6I. KOTopble onpeneJlJlIOT ero conep)KflHHe H HIillHBltfiYfI- JlH3HPYlOT ero. OHH llalOT Heo&«u:ulMYIO HH.popMaUHIO 0 33.I1H"J't'pCCOO'lH- HblX J1HUax - CTOpoHax npouecca, 0 cy6'beKTI1BHOM ),.taTepHaJIbHOM npa- Be. HY)I(!1aIOWeMCII. no MHeHHIO lJCTLl8. 13 3aWHTe. 06 06cTolITenbCTBax. nocnY)KHBWHX OCHOBaHHeM o6pflweHH.II 13 cyn. TaKfllI HH$opMaUHJI no- 3BOJIJleT HIillHBltfiYanH3HpOBaTb H caM npouecc no KOHKPeTHOMY rpa)K- 118HCKOMY lleny. onpeneJlHTb 06beM. xapaKTep H HanpaHneHI1J1 .u:eIlTeJlb- HOCTH cyna B HCKe C)]e11YeT pa3JIH'iaTb TPH COCTaBHble 'iaCTH. . COD.ep)l(8HHe J ; . npeD.MeT; . OCHOBaHHe (3neMeHTb! HCKa)4 CodepJ/Cullue I1CKa - :no TO D.ei1cTBHe cyna. COBepWeHH] KOToporo npOClJT HCTeu. 06pamiUlCb H CYll 3a Jal1\(\TOH HapyweHHOro I1J1H ocna- pH13ae"'oro npaM. COD.ep)KaHHe HCK8 onpenenneTCII I1CTI10'" HCXOilll H3 BHJIB cyne6HoH 3aWHTb]. npellYCMOTpeHHOH 3aKOHOM (CT II rK). B coomeTCTBHH C 3THM HCTeu MO)KeT npOCHTb cy.n. o npHcy>KllCHHH OTBeT'IHKa K lJCnOJ1HCHHIO onpCllC;ICHHoro llCI1- CTBHH (H'lnpHMep. H03MemeHH1 y6bITKOH. yn)]aTbl KOHKpeTHOt1 neHe)l(HOH CYMMbI. nepe!l8'1H onpelleneHHoro HMyrneCTBa) I1)]H 0 I CM.. Jl.o(jpoBoIbl:M'U A.A. l1e<1H08<1C.A. YK33.C0'1.C 19 1 001_' l()rk.'bCOJiKC COB=KHJil1poliecc M_, 1956.C2,¥n.IIftL1J'OIIKI1 nrmBo H HCK H npel<P"llIeHHe npOHJBrn\CTIIoInO I"j).UI.!t.\tIC'Y neJY(HeKOTOpble Bo- npOChlllle60pHK )l'leH "IJlY-"OB CBepj\.,oB. IOpltJl HH-n Bbln 9 eK. 1969 C 160, COemtCO,UU rpa;.UJaHcKHH IIpOliecc I nQD. pell.. K.11 Ko.tHccpoBa, B.M C....eHOBa. M IOplUI""eCKa J1l1'TepB'l)'p3, 198E e 230-233 JBHaYKeBOl1pOCOnoH"TI1HHcKaHerOH"HKaKbHorot3Jte- ",eHTe ",CKa cnopeH eM. ClJIJI'tI!a<lU rpa",-"aHCKHH npolll'CC M. 19E9 C 194-19S, KypcCOBCTcKororpa)l(LlaHcKoronpoucccyaJIbHoronpaBa.T I M.1981.C441. 4 £pa:Mr<'lml<l<uU npo""cc I nQII. peL! M K TpeYWHHKOBa M. 2000. C 107 197 
BO:t1\ep)l(aHHH Or KaKoro-To llet1CTBHJI (HanpHMep, OT .u:ei{cTl3lJii, BbI3b]DaIOWHX WYM. 3arpll3HllIOWHX cocellHHH YLJaCTOK); o npH3HaHHH cyweCTBODaHHJI HnH. HanpOTHB, OTC)'TCTBHII KilKO- rO-11H60 npaBOOTHoweHI1J1, cy6'beKTI1BHoro npaM HJlH 06J13BH- HOCTH; 06 H3MeHeHHH HJlH npeKpaweHHH npaBOOTHoweHHn HCTUB C OTBeTLJHKOM 1fJ1If, KaK npHHJlTO rOBopHTb 13 TeopHH, 0 npe06pa- .JOBaHI1H npaBOoTHOWeHH]. flpeoMem HCKa - MaTepHaJ1bHO-npaBoBoe TpetioBaHHe HCTua K OT- BeTLJHKY. flocKonbKY cnop Bcerlla CBlI3aH c npI1TJl33.HHeM ('JCTl!a K Or- BeTLJHKY. 3aKOH Tpe6yeT. <ITOtibl 13 HCKODO"t 3allBJIeHHH I1CTeu }'K8JaJ1 CYTb CBoero Tpe60BaH('JJI, T.e 0 '1eM OHO (CT. 131-133 rflK) B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT cnocotia HcnpaWHB8eMOIi HCTUOM 3aWHTbi ero cy6"beKnlBHoro MaTepHaJ1bHoro npa13a npe!1"teTOM HCKa Moryr 6blTb: cnop 0 HaJ1H'l('JlJ HJlH OTCyrcTl3lJH MBTepHaJIbHoro npaBOOTHO- WeHHJI MeJK!I.Y HCTUOM H OTBeTLJHKOM; cnop 06 06113aHHocTIIX OTBeT'!HKa, BblTeKalOillHX H3 MaTepHaJ1b- Horo npa1300THOWeHHJI C lJCTUO"t; cnop 06 H3MeHeHHH I1J1H npeKpameHHH cyweCT13YlOwero MeJK.llY CTopOHaMH npaBOOTHoweHHSI. flpeliMeTOM HCKa MO)l(eT 6b!Tb. HanpH"tep. npaBO c06cTBeHHOCTH HCTua Ha KaK}lIO-HH6y.nb Beillb, npaBOOTHorueHHJI no >KHJlHWHOMY Hat1- MY onpeJleneHHOro nOMeweHHII. aBTOpCKoe npaBO Ha KOHKpeTHoe npo- H3BeneHHe Ha)'Kp,J1I1Teparypbll1J1H HCKycCTBa HT..o. OT npeliMeTa HCKa cnellyer OT11H'laTb npellMeT cnopa, ero ewe npl1- HJlTO Ha3blBaTb 06b1!KmoM HCKa 3TO TO MareplJaJIbHDe 6J1aro, nOJlYLJe- HHII KOToporo n06HBaeTC.II Hcreu, HanpHMep KOHKpeTHoe HMywecTBo, CYMMa llt:Her. >KHJloe nOMeweHHe H lIP. C npe!1"teTOM cnopa CBII3aHO npaBo HCTua YMeHbwHTb HJlH YBeJlH'IHTb pa3Mep HCKOBblX Tpe60BaHHn }')Ke nOCJle nOJla'lH I1CKOBOro J.aJllIJJeHHJI (CT. 39 rflK), a TaK)I(e npaBO cyna Ha Bbl)(Ol1 3a npelleJlbI 3aSlllJJeHHbIX HCTUOM rpe60BaHI1i1 (C1. 201 fflK) OllHOlJpeMeHHo HCTeu paCnOpll>KaeTCII H npouccC}'aJ1bHbIM npa- 80M, OnpelleJlJlJI LIlIJi ce6.11. Ofu.eM HcnpawHBaeMot1 y CYll8 3a1l.!HTbJ. OcIlOOOHue I1CIGI - 3TO Te of3cTosrre.nbcTBa. Ha KOTOpblX HCTeu OC- HOBblBaer c130e 06paweHHe B CYll. OH .u:omKeH H83BaTb HX B c130e"t 3a- JllIJJeHHI1 (n.5 CT 131 rflK). XOTJI 3aKOH He YCTaHallJJHBaeT KaKI1X- JlH60 orpaHH'IeHlJti B03MO)KHOCHI HCTua 060cHOBaTb npen"bHBI1J1eMbIH HM HCK JlI06b!MH $aKTaMH pea.%HOn nenCTBHTenbHOCTH, HO 3Ha<leHHe HMelQT TOJlbKO IOpHJIH'IeCKHe $aKTbl-06crOJrreJlbCTBa, KOTopble lIJJeKyr 803HHKHOBeHHe MeJK!I.Y CTopoHaMH MaTepl1aJ1bHO-npaBoBoro cnopa. Oc- TaJ1bHble $aKTbl HMelOT 'lI1CTO I1H4JopMaTHflHblii xapaKTtp H H8 pe3YJlb- Tare paJpeweHHJI cnopa He arpa)l(alOTCJI. 198 
OCH0138HHe HCKa npeaCTaWHIeT C060M cOBoKynHocTb <baKTOO, npe- .uyCMOTpeHHblX KOHKpeTHblMH HopMaMH npaBa. (-b.teHHO TonbKO 13 3TOM 3Ha'leHHI1 TepMHH "OCHOBaHHe HCKa» npH- MeHJleTC.II 3aKOHOM ('I. I CT. 39, CT. 134 rflK) TaK, OCHOBBHHeM HCKa MOryr cnY>KHTb cnenKl1, 0 'lacTHOCTI1 llOroBOPbl. $aKTbl HapyweHHII npaB, $aKTbl, CJ1Y)l(alllHe OCHOIl3HHeM HBCJ1enQII3HHJI, $aKTbl np('J'lI1He- HHJI epena. HacrynJleHHJI cpoKa. ycnOBHJI H T..n OCHoBaHHe HCKa 06bI'lHO COCTOHT He H3 OliHorO 4JaKTa. a H3 HeKO- TOPOH C0130KynHocTH, CfJ()"I1JeTCI1jYlOmeti nmOTe3e HOpMbI M8repHaJ1b- HOro npaBa H HMeHyeMon $aKTH'IeCKHM COCTaBOM. OCH0138HHe H npero.teT HCKa COCTaRJIJlIOT Te npH3HaKH, no KOTOpblM Ka)l(Jlbln HCK OTnH'IaeTCII OT nlOooro npyroro HCKa. no 3THM :meMeHTa),t MO;KeT 6b1Tb YCTa.HoBJIeHo TalOKe, '1TO HCK, HeCMOTpll Ha npOllOJl>KeHHe .nena, nocne H3MeHeHI1f1 HCTLlQM npellMera HJlH OCHOBaHH ('I. I CT. 39 rflK) OCTB.,1CII TeM >Ke Ca"tblM (BHyrpeHHee 1'O)I;JleCTBO) B 3TOM COCTO- HT ('JHJ!lJ13HllyM('J3HpylOwee 3Ha'leHlJe OCHOBaH('JJI H npenMera HCKa. (1HUHBHllYMI13aUHJI HCKa He06xonHMa 13 TeX CJ1}"1aIlX, Koma CY11 IICTpe'laerC5I C BonpOCOM 0 TOM, He 6bIJI JlI1 npenbllllJJlleMb!fI HCK y;Ke npHHJlT npyrHM CYllOM K paCCMOTpeHHIO HJlH He 6bln JlH paHee pa3pe- weH CYllOM LlnJl pa3peWeHHJI 3Toro npaKTH'IeCKI'I BeCbMa Ba)l(Horo 130- npoca HeOOXOllHMO YCTaHOBHTb, HllleercJJ JlH TO;t(JleCTBO HCKa. pa3pe- weHHOro (I1J1H pa3pewaeMoro) CYllOM, H I1CKa. BHOBb npell'bIlIlJJJleMOrO (IlHelliHeeTO)l(!1eCTBO). TO>KJJ.eCTIIt'HHbI"tH 6ynyr HCKH. B KOTOpblX COBn811aIOT CTOPOHb]. npenMeT H OCHOBaH('Je. flpH 3TOM 4JaKTbI. 060CHOBblBalOWHe I1CK. HH- llHBHlIYaJ1H3HPYIOT paCCMaTpHBaeMoe CYllOM npaJ!OOTHoweHlie 1IHWb npH YCJlOBHH HX COBepWeHHJI llO MO),teHra yna.neHlJJI Cy.u:B B COBewa- TenbHyJO KOMHaTY cJ>aKTbl. COBepWIiDWHecSi nOCJIe 3Toro MOMeHTa. C03il81OT H0130e OCHOf!BHHe. H8 KOTopoe .neticTBHe peWeHHJI CYllB He pacnpOCTpaHJleTCJI. npenMeT 11 OCHOeaHl1e lJCKa HHllMBHlIYaJ11f3HpyIOT H caM npouecc no KOHKpeTHOMY rpa)l(JlaHCKoMy.ne.1Y. onpen.eJlJlJl rpaHHUbl cyneoHoro 1l0Ka3bIIl3HHJI. Oti'bCM npaD H OtillJaHHOCTCH CTOPOH. $aPMb] H npCllCJlbl npe06paaOBaHHII HCKa no YCMOTpeHHIO HCTL18 nyreM H3MeHeH('JJI npelI- MeTa IiJlH OCHOBaHI1I1. no npellMeT)' HCKa OCYlUeCTBnJleTCII H BHllOBall KJlaCClJ4JHKaUHJI HCKOB. Jfu.._ __IN! - YCTaHOlIJJeHHaJi 3aKOHOM 4Jop).t8 06palUeHH.II 13 cyn 3a p<upeweHHeM cnopa 0 CylTheKTHBHOM npaBe. B ('JCKOBOM 3a5lllJJeHlJI1 BblpaJKaeTCJI BonJi aa('JHrepeCOIlaHHoro Jll1ua, otipawalOwero 13 CYll 3a 3aWMTOH npaBa COfJIacHO CT 131 rnK HCKOBoe 3aJllIJJeHHe nOJ1>KHO 6b]Tb COCTaB- JleHO B nUCbMeHHOii tPoPMe C YKaJaHHe cBe.neHHn. He06xonHMblx DJlJI 199 
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HCKOBOfi .u:aBHOCTrI paBeH weCTH MeCJlUaM. LlnJl Me>K.I\YHapot\HbIX nepe- 8030K (nepeB030K 13 3arpaHH'lHOM co06weHHH) cpOK YCTaHaBJIBaeTCII 13 COOT13eTCT8YIOw:eM TpBHcnOpTHOM YCTaIle HJlH KOlleKce (TaK. H 'lBCTHO- cm, no CT. 130 B0311YWHOro KoneKca CpOK lI8BHOCTH no Me>K.I\YHapoll- Hoii B03JIYWHOH nepeB03Ke COCTallJJJleT llOO roil8) CpOKH .uaBHOCTH YCTaHOlIJJeHbl H B Me>K11YHapollHblX .noroBopax. flpH 310M EI COUJlII:'I"C'njHH CO CT. 7 rK nocnellHHe nOJIb3}'IOTCII npHopl1- TeTOM B Ka'JeCTBe npHMepa MO)KHO OnleTI1Tb, 'JTO B CHJ]Y CT. 29 Bap- llIaBCKOH KOHEleHUHH 1929 r. 06 YHH4JHKBUHH HeKOTopblX npaBHn, Ka- CalOll.[I1XCII Me>K11YHBpOllHblX B0311YWHbIX nepeB030K, cpOK I1CKOBOH .uaBHOCTI1 paBeH nBYM ronaM C MOMeHTa OCTaHOBKH nepeB03KH; no CT 32 )((eHeBcKoi1 KOH13eHUHH 1956 r. 0 J\omBope 0 Me>K11YHapOnHOH >Kene3Honop0)KHOfi nepeD03Ke rpy30B CpOK HCKOBOt1 .uaBHOCTH paBeH onHOMY ro!!)', 8 B cn}f'1ae 3J10YMblWJleHHoro nocTynKB HJlH BHHbJ, npl1- paBHHBaeMoI'I K 3J]0Ylb]WJ]eHHOMY nocTynKY. - TpeM ronaM. LlnSi cne- UHaJlbHblX CpOKOB YCTaHOBJIeH TOT )f{C pe)l(I1M. 'lTO 1'1 W1J1 06WHX. 3TO OTHOCHTC.II. B 'JaCTHOCTH. K BOJMO)KHOCTH I'IX nepepblBa, npHOCTaHOBJIe- HHJI Tt'JeHHJI. a TalOKt nOCJ1CnCTBHJlM HCTe'lCHHJI (CT 195, 198-207 rK)I. BBOllHblt1 3aKOH (CT. 10) npelIYCMOTpefl, 'lTO yCTaHOBJIeHHble [pa>KllaHCKHM KOlleKCOM P$ CpOKH HCKOBOH ll8BHOCTH npHMeHJlIOTCII TOflbKO K HCKaM, CpOKH npet\MIW1eHHJI KOTOpblX, npeilYCMOTpeHHbte paHee nefiCTBOBaBWHM 3aKOH01l8TeJlbCTBOM. K MO)'leH1)' BCTynJleHHSI ero H CHJlY ewe He HCTCKJm. fl03TOMY eCJ1H, IUmpl'lMep. pe'lb H.lIeT 0 83bl- CKaHHH HeYCTOHKH, lUIJi KOTopOfj paHee J\eHCTBOBan WeCTI1MeC.II'iHbIH cpOK, a Tenepb YCTaHOBneH TpeXJIeTHl1ii, TO H OTHoweHHH Tpe60RBHI1SI, BOJHHKWero .no I HIOJIS!. CpOK HCKOBOH J\BBHOCTH 6yneT npH3HaH HC- TeKWHM, 8 eCJ1H Tpe60BaHl'le E103HI1KJ10 nOCJ1e 310i1 ll8TbI. XOTII 6b! H 110 I JlHHapH 1995 T.. CpoK HCKOBOt1 .naHHOCTIi HCTe'JeT TOJ1bKO 'Jepe3 TpH rona (1cKilIO'JeHHe H3 310ro npaDna ClleJlaHO 13 OTHoweHHH cOKPa- weHHoro ron('J'lHoro cpoKa MH ocnapH13aHH}1 ClIt'.:JKH. 3TOT cOKpaw:eH- Hb]t1 CpOK .nefjcTBYeT ronbKo 13 cnY'Jallx. KOma. npaBo Ha npell'bllllJJeHHe COOT13eTCTI!}'IOw:ero Tpe60BaHI1J1 1I03HHKJlO JJ.O I JlHBapll 1995 r. ECJlH >Ke TaKoe npaBO B03HHKJlO nOCJ1e I JlHBapll 1995 r.. PYKOBOllCTBYIOTCII Tpex- J1eTHHM CpOKOM llaBHOCTH CTaTbll 201 rK npellYCMa1pHBaeT. 'l.TO nepeMeHa JlHU 13 06113aTeJlb- CTee He 8Jle'leT H3MeHeHl'lii HH cpOKa HCKOBOi ll8HHOCTH. HI'I nopilnKa ero HC'JI1CJ1eHI1J1 3Ta CT.tTbR OTHOC('JTC.II B paBHoi1 Mepe K 060HM BapH- aHTaM nepeMeHbl J1HU: H K nep!'1l:c;ny npaH Kpt'llIITOp"l. K llpyrOMY J11'1l!Y. H K nepeBOlly J\OJ1rd. B 'laCTHOCTH, HMeeTCJI B I31JJ!Y ClnydUHJI, npH KO- ] C60pnU>. 05paJIIOB rpaJK1G\HCKO-npaOOBbiX JIOrOBOpoB Ie KOIMeHTapH.IIMI1) I OrB p"JI. a.-p IOpHJI HaYK B B. 3BJIccc,mA M. KOHTPAKT' HH4>PA-M. 1991 217 
TOpO eme AO nepcxona Tpc6013aHH Hn('J nepeBona AOJIl-a npOH30WJlO HapyweH('Je 061!3aTenbCTBa, 0 KOTOPOM nepBOHB'laJ1bHbJii KpcnHTOp HJlH COOTHHO Kpelll1TOp nepBOH8'1aJ1bHoro 1l0J1>KHHKa YJHaJ1 HJlH 1l0Jl>KeH 6blJl YJHaTb. I1Ha'le rORopll, CpoK HCK01l0ii ll8RHOCTI1 K MOMCH- TY nepeMCHb! Y)I(e H8'1aJ1 Te4b 113 KOMMeHTHpyeMoi1 CTaTbH CJlenyeT, '1TO no OTHOWCHHIO K HOIIOMy Kpelll1TOpy H no ..-pe60llaHHIO K HOBOMY 1l0Jl>l<HI1KY CpoK HCKOBOi1 naBHOCHI cnellyeT )'MCHbml1Tb Ha BpeMJI, npowellwee no COCToIIBwet1clI nepeMeHbl ]]HU. YKa3aHHoe nOCJIenCTBHC 13 paBHO Mepe OTHOCHTCII H K cnY4aJlM YHHBepCaJ1bHOro npaBonpeeM- CTBa (13 4JopMe peOpraHI13aUHH IOpmIH'leCKOrO JlHU3 HJlH HacneliOBaHHJI HU}'Il1eCTI!8 rpa;t(l[aHHHa). a paBHO npaBonpeeMCTBa CHHryJlllpHOro (npa- DOnpeeMCTlld TonbKO 13 npaBaX I1J1H TOJIbKO 13 HeKOTOpbIX 06.11JaHHOCTIIX) CCb]JIKa 13 KOMMeHTHPYeMoi1 HopMe Ha coxpaHCHHe He TOJIbKO CpOKOB. HO H nopllllKa JlBJIJleTCII HOBeJIJ]otl: fPa:>K.naHCKOro KOlIeKca P$. C Y'leTOM CT. 200 fK 3aKOHOnareJlb HC'I(OlIIfT H3 TaK Ha3blBaeMoro Cyfu,eKTI.JBHOro cnoc06a onpCtleJleHH.II Ha'lWla TClJeHH$I HCKOBOt1 .naBHO- CTH. B OTJlHIJHe OT KOHBeHUHH 06 HCKOBOil .uaBHOCTH II MeJK1IYHapolI- HOtl: KynJle-npOD,8)Ke (CT. 10). 13 CHJ]Y KOTOpOH npaBO Ha HCK, BblTeKaIO- wee HJ HapyweH('JJI AorOBopa, C'lHTaeTCH 1303H('JKW('JM B AeHb, KOrAB. HMeJIO MeCTO TBKoe HapymeHHe, fK P$ IJCJIell 3a KOlleKcoM 1964 r. npenycMOTpeJl, '1TO I1CKOBalllla13HOCTb Ha'l('JHaeT Te'lb C MOMeHTa, KOflla JlHUO Y3Hano ('J1I11 JIOJ1>KHO 6blJlO Y3H8Tb 0 JIOnyweHHoM HapymeH('JH (n. I CT. 200). TaK. ecnH $HpMa-noKyn<rre1lb Ha'lI1H8eT He06ocHoBaHHo nOJlb30BaTbCH CpellCTlIaMI1 c13oero KOH1]JareHTa C I i}Je13paJ1J1, 8 nporollleu Y3H8J1 06 :flOM TOJlbKO 5 i}JeBpanJl, CPOK HCK0130ti ll8BHOCTI1 H8'1HHT HC'lHCnJlTbCII C :noti nocJlenHcii llaTb! (npH np('JMeHeHHH KOHlJeHUHH Te'leHHC I1CKOBOt1 .Il8I1HOCTI1 H8'1aJ10Cb 6b1 C I $eBpa.JI) I1CKJIIO'IeHI1J1 H3 31"oro npaRI1}j8 Moryr 6b1Tb )I CHJly KOMMeHTl1pye- MOM CTaTbl1 YCTaHOBJICHbl rK P$ HJlH I1HblM 3aKOHOM TaK. II 'l8CTHO- CTI1, WlJI otillJaTCJlbCTB C OnpClIC;jCHHb]M cpoKOM n 2 CT. 200 npelIY- CMaTpI1BaeT, '1TO Te'lCHHe HCKOBOM llBBHOCTH Ha'lHHaeTCII C MOMCHTa OKOH'IaHHJI cpOKa D,pyroe npaBHJlO JIeHCTB}/eT B OTHoweHHH 06113a- TenbCTBa, CpOK HcnOnHeHHJI KOToporo He OnpelleJlCH ]]H60 OnpelIeJleH MOMeHTOM BocTpetioBaHHJI B TaKOM CJ1}"1ae Te'lCHHe HCKOBOt1 ll8BHOCTH Ha'lHH8eTC.II C TOro MOMeHTa, Kor.ua y KIX'lllITOpa B03HHKaCT npaBO Tpe- 60BaHHJI HcnOnHeHHJI 0611JaTeJlbCTBa (CM. CT. 314). npH :nOM, eCJ1H .nOJ1>KHHKY npenocTallJJJleTCII ceMHlIHeBHblH JIbfOTHblH CpOK WlJI HCnOJ1- HeHHH cOC1I1IeTCTD}'lOwero Tpe60BaHHH. HCKOBaIl .uaBHOCTb HalJHHaeT Te'lb C MOMeHTa HCTe'leHHH :noro cpOKa. TaK, Ha MOpCKOM TpaHcnop-re 3TH CpOKH Ha'lHHaIOT HC'IHC.II.IITbC.II no BJblCKaHHIO Hen060pa nnare)l(etl: - CO .nHH Bbl1I8'lH rpy3a. a 13 OC- 218 
TanbHbIX CJlY'JaHX - co llHJI HaCTynJleH('JH C06blTIJH, nOCJ1Y>KI1BWerO OC- HOBaHHCM DJlJI npellb.llllJJeHHII HCKa (CT 406 KTM P$). Ha pe'IHOM TpaHcnopre. no rpe60BaHHIIM 0 D3blCKaHHH Hen060poB npOBOJHblX nJl8Te>Keti - co llHJI Bblll8'lH rpy3a. no 133b!CKaH('J1O WTpa4J013 Ja Hr:- npen"bHBI1CHl1e rpY3013, 1Ul0TOB H CYllOB K nepe1303Ke H 6YKCHPOBKC - no OKOHlJaHHH nJlTHllHeBHoro cpOKa. YCTaHOlIJJeHHOfO DJlJI ynnaTb] 3THX CYMM. a 13 OCTaJ1bHb!X cnY'JaHX - co .nHSI HacrynJleHH.II C06bITHJI. no- CJ1Y>Kl1BWero OCHOMHHeM llJIH npen"bllllJJeHHJI HCKa (cr. 164 n. 3 KBBT P$). Ha >KeJle3HOllop0)l(HOM TpaHcnop-re npH BJbJCKaHI1H wTpa$a 3a HCBbinonHeHHe lUlaHa nepCBOJOK HCKOMII 11aBHOCTb Ha'lHHaeT Te'Jb C MOMCHTa OKOH'IaHHJI nJiTHill-ICBHOrO CpOKa., YCTaIJOIIJJCHHOrO llJIJI yrlJl8- Tbl wTpa<t>a, a B OCTanbHbJX CJlY'J8HX - co llltSl HacrynJleHHJI C06blT11J1, nocnY>KHBWerO OCHOBaHHCM llJI.II npell"bIlBl1eHHSI HCKa (CT 123 Y)f(T P$) Ha B03JI}'lllHOM rpaHcnopTe. HCKH K naCCa>KHpaM. OTnpaBHTCJiJlM HJlH nOJlY'J8TenJlM, BblTeKalOWHe ('J3 1\03nywHoti nepeBOJKl1, npen"bHB- JlHIOTC!'! nepCB03'JHKOM B TC'leHHe weCTH MCCHueB co llH!'! HaCT)'nJ1eHH!'! C06b1THII. nocnY>KHBwero OCHOBaHHCM DJlJI npell'b.llllJJeHHII HCKa (CT 127 BK PID). flo CT. 202 rK P$ npenycMaTpH13alOTCH onpel\eJleHHblt' nepHOnbJ. Ha npOTII>KeHHH KOTOPb]X 13 CI1J1Y pa3JIH'lHbIX o6croJITeJlbCTB. BbI3bIDaIO- W('JX He1303MO)l(HOCTb 11H60 oc06ble Tpy.u:HOCTI1 llJIJI nOTepneBweH CTO- POHbl 3aWHTHTb CBOC npaBO. Te'lCHHe CpOKOD HCKOBO .uaBHOCTH npH- OCTaHaW1HllaeTCII. B KOMMeHTHpyeMOH CTaTb!: (n. I) COnep)l(l1TCH HC- lJepnbIBalOIUHH nepe'leHb TaKHX 06CTOJlTt'QbCTB. CIO.na OTHOCJlTC.II cne- llYlOlUIJCCJ1Y'JaH" npell'b.llIlJlCHHIO I1CKa npenlJTCTBOBanO 'lpe3Bbl'l8HHoe H Henpe- nOTBp8THMOe npH .naHHblX YCJlOBHJlX 06cro.JtreQbCTBO - Henpe- OllonHMall CH11a (I1MCIOTCH 13 BHllY JlIL1CHHJI CTHXHHHOro xapaK- Tepa. BOCHHble neitcTl3lJH, 3a6acToBKH H T.n.); OllHa H3 CTOpOH - HCTeu HJ1H OTBCT'lHK - HaXQ11HTCH B COCTdBC Boopy)l(eHHblX Cl1n. nepeBCllCHHblX Ha BoeHHoe nOJlO)l(CHHe; Ha OCHOBaHHH 3aKOHa npaBI1TCJlbCTBOM P$ YCTaHOIIJJCHa OT- CpO'lKa ('JcnonHCHHJI - MopaTop('Jt1 (HanpHMCp, B COOf13CTCT- BHH C n. 3 CT 12 3aKoHa 0 6aHKporcme Ha nepHoli npoBene- Hl1J1 BHeWHero ynpallJJeHHJI ('JMywecTBOM .u:OJl)!(HHKa B130nHTCII MopaTopHIi Ha YlloDneTBopeHHe Tpe60BaHHti KpellHTopoB K 1l0n>KHHKY), nplJOCTaHOIIJJCHO lleiicTBHe 3aKOH8 HJlH I1Horo npaBOBoro 8KTa (npHMepoM MO)l(eT CJ1}')KHTb npHOCTaHOBneHHe BepxoBHblM Co- 13eTOM PID Ha 1993 r llctiCTBI1SI n. 3 CT 30 3aKOH8 «0 C06CT- BeHHOCTH B PC$CP», 13 CI1JiY KOTOpOtl: rocynapcTBo 110n>KHO 6b1J1o HeCTH OTBCTCTBeHHOCTb 3a ywep6, HaHeccHHblti C06CT- 219 
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CTlJeM. B 1959 r. 6blJlO llOnyw.eHO $OpMHpOB<lHHe TpeTeiicKHx Cy.u:OB D.nS! pa3peWeHHJI KOHKpeTHblX X03.11HCTBeHHblx cnopOB Me)l(JlJ' IOpHJ1H'Ie- CK(JMHJ1HU8MH. Ha'l8Tb!H ewe 13 CCCP npouecc 06pa30BaHH.II TpeTCnCKI1X Cyn.OB B HaCTOllwee BpeMS! HJ1eT 1l0CTaTO'!HO IfHreHCHBHO. 8KTHBH3HpyercS! HX lleJlTeJlbHOCTb. 1303paCTaer KOJlH'IeCT130. ECTb 06'bJlcHJIIOWI1e :no JllIJJe- HHe npH'IHHb]: 3aKpbIToe npOH3BOnCTBO H nODb]WeHHble rapaHTHH co- xpaHeHHJI KOM",ep'lCCKOi1 TaHHbl. '1TO B YC.:JOB('JIIX KOHKypCHLlHH HMeeT HCMaJ10e 3Ha'leHHe. 6blCTpOTa npOLlecca. COKPallleHHe pacXOlIOD Ha Be- lleHHe lleJl. flbl60p Yll06Horo llJIJI CTOpOH MCCTa 11 Bpe"'eHI1 pn6l1pa- TenbcTBa. CneLlHaJ1H3aLlI1J] ap6HTpoB H T .n. Ee3YCJIOBHO, nepe'll1CJ1eHHble npH'!HHbl 13 Onpe11eJlCHHOA CTenCHH cnoco6cmyJOT pOCTy nony.'IlIpHOCTH TpCTCt1CKHX CYllOB. npe>Klle Beero cpe11H Y'!8CTHHKOB npellnpHHI1MaTeJlbCKOn neIlTenbHOCTH. CpellH rpmK- llaH TpeTeHCKoe p836HparenbCTBO nOKa B nOJlHOH Mepe He pa313I1TO 110 HenaBHcro BpeMeHH 13 POCCJlHCKOH 4IellepaLlHH neHCTBOBanH 11113 OCH013HbIX JaKOHOllBTeJlbHblX 8KTa 0 "fJJerei1cKHx cYD.ax. ynpBBOMO'leHHble pacCMa"fJJHBaTb KOH4>-'IHKTb] 13 X0311JicmeHHon c4Jepc: BpeMeHHoe nono- >KeHHe 0 "fJJereHCKOM cyne Mil pa3peWeHHJI 3KOHOMH'IeCKHX cnopOB. yrBCp)l(j{eHHoe nOCT<lH08l1eHHeM BCpxOBHoro COBera POCCl1iiCKOJ:i 4Icne- paLlHH oT24111OHJI 1992 r Ng 3115-1 (n,aJIee - Bpe"teHHoe n0J10;KeHHe)l. H 3aKOH PoecHi1cKoH 4Ie.nepaLlI1H ..0 Me)l(JlJ'H<lponHOM KOMMep'!ttKOM ap61rrpa>Ke- OT 7 HIOJIS! 1993 r (D,aJIee - 3aKoH 1993 r.)2. npl1MeHHTenb- HO K .u:ellTeJ1bHOCTI1 "fJJerei1cKHx C}f1lO8 no pa3peweHI11O cnopOB MeJIi.lly rp8)l()]aHaMH D.e1«:TB0BaJ10 flOJlO)KeHHe 0 "fJJeTeHCKOM cy.ne. cywecroo- BaBWee II IIH11e flpHJlO;Ke1iHJI Ng 3 K fnK PC$CP 3aKOH 1993 r CT<L'I nepBblM t:.1\HHblM HOpMBTH13Hb!M ....ooM. perYJ1I1- PYIOIUHM OpraHI13aUHIO H D.eIlTeJlbHOCTb Me)l(JJ.yHapO.1lHOrO ToprOBoro 8p6lnpa)l(8, CneLlHaJ1bHO 13b1J!enHBWHM Me)l(JlJ'H8pO!1HbIH KOMMep'!e- CKI1H ap6lfIT.WKHbll:t CYD. (MKAC) H MOPCKYIO ap6HTpa>KHyJO KOMHC- CHIO (MAK) npH ToproBo-npoMblwJlCHHot1 naJlaTe P$ B IillCTOllwce BpCMJiI BMeCTO Bpe",eHHoro nOflO)l(eHH] 1992 r. H npl1nO;KCHI1S! Ng 3 rnK P$ npHHJlT 3aKoH ..0 rpeTCflCKHX cynax 13 POCCHi1CKOt1 4IenepaLlH('J" OT 21 HIOHJI 2002 r. (.na.n.ee - 3aKOH 2002 r.)3. perYJlHpylOwHH nellTenbHOCTb TpeTet1cKHx CYllOB. KOTopble C03Jl81OTCS! H8 -reppI1TOpHH P$ (n I CT. I) lleticT13He :noro 3aKOH8 He pacnpOCTpaHJleTC.II Ha Me)l(JlJ'HapOllHblH KOMMep'leCKHH ap6lnpa)K. K I(QTOPOMY npOllOJlJKaer npl1MeHJlTbCli 3aKOH 1993 r. 1 BeiJa"ocmu CM'31Ia HapOi1HbIX i1CnyT.lToo Poccfli!cKOI! o!Ie.nepalJHlIli BepXOBHoro COBeTaPoccHikKoiio!le.nepaL1HIf 1992 NQJO CT 1190 1T8M>KC JC3P<!:> 2002 NQJO CT JOl9 266 
KpOMe YKa3aHHbiX 3aKOI-IOB, npaBoBoti CTaTYC TpeTeHCKI1X cy.nOB OnpelleJlJlIOT TaK>Ke OTlleJIbHble nonO;KeHHSI npoueCC}'aJ1bHoro 3aJ<0I-lo.l18- nnbCTBa - AflK P$ 11 fflK P$. HOpMbl OTlleJlbHblX 8KTOB MarepH aJ1bHO-np3aOBoro COllep)l(3HI1J1. HCJIO TpeTeHCKHX cyllef"i npH paCCMOTpeHHH KOHKpeTHoro JleJla llOJI>KHO 6blTb He4eTHbiM CropOHbl 13npaBe OnpeneJIHTb Kon('J'leCTBeH- Hblti COCTa13 C}'lla. Ho eCJlH OHlJ :TIoro He c.aeJlaJ1H. npHMeHJIeTCH 06mee npaBl1no, COfJlaCHO KOTopOMY lu6('JpalOTC.II (H83Ha'IaIOTCII) Tpl1 C}'JlbH (CT. 93aKOHa 2002r.) nOp.llLlOK $opMHpOBaHH.II COCTaBa TpeTeiicKoro cYJla llJI.II pacCMOT- peHH.II KOHKpeTHOrO cnopa per.naMeHrnpOBaH CT. 10 3i1KOHi1 2002 r. C Y'leTOM BHll8 TpeTeHcKoro cYJla. B nOCTOIIHHO .neHCTBYIOIUeM cy.ne OH npeJlycMOTpeH npaBHJlaMH pefJIaMel-lTa (n0J10;KeI-lHJI). 13 cyne pa30BoM - 3aBHCHT OT nO)l(eJIaHHi1 CTopOH, PYKOBOllCTBYIOIUHXC.II pa3HblMH MOTH BaMH (3KOI-IOMHH pacxonOB H Tn). ECJIH OHI1 He BOCnOJ1b30BaJlHCb npa- 80M OnpCllCJIHTb TaKYIO npoucllYPY HJlH pa30WJlHCb 130 MHCHHJlX. TO npH COCTaBe TpeTei1Cl<oro cy.ua 113 Tpex cyJleH Ka;t{ll811 cropOHa Ha3Ha'iaer no onHoMy cy.u:be. 8 llB3 nOCJle!lHHX H36HpalOT TpeTbero. KOTOpblii 3aTeM 13b1CT)'naer l<aK npencaTeJIb COCT3Ba. B Te'lCHHe 15 JlHeti nOCJIe nonY'leHHH npocb6b1 OT npOTIJBOnOnO)l(HOH CTOpOHbl cTopoHa llOJI)I(Hi1 Hd3EIUb TpcTet1cKoro CyD.blO, KOTopblH BOharT B KO.lUlerHIO, JIH60 BblllBHHyrb HJlH COrJlacHTbclI C npeDJIO)l(eHHoi1. K8HllH- .naTYPoH ellHHOnH'IHOrO Cy.nbH. TaKOIi >Ke CpOK YCTaHOBJIeH D.BYM CYllbllM Mil H36paHHSI 'TpeTberO ECJIH H8.!lJle;KaWl1e neric'mrul He COBepweHbl. TpeTeiicKoe npOH3DOnCTBO npeKpaJl18eTClI. H 3aHHTepeCOBaHHoe JIHUO MO;KeT COCTaBHTb no lI3HHOMY cnopy HCKOBoe 3a11l1JJeHl1e H HanpaBHTb ero KOMnereHTHOMY CYDY 06weti IOpHCllHKUHH -:nH npaBHJla no cyweCT- BY OTKpbIDalOT cTopoHe. nO;KenaBweti YKJlOHHTbClI OT pa35HpaTeJlbCTBa lleJIa B cync ad hoc. 003\1O>KHOCTb aHHYJIl1poBaTb nyreM npOCToro 6e3- lleiicTBHJI paHee 3aKJIlO4eHHoe elO cor.naweHl1e. 3TO pa3pywaeT onHY H3 H3BeCTHbiX OCHOB MexaHH3M8 TpereHcKoro np0I13BOllCTBa. 8 HMeHHO TaK Ha3bIDaeMYIO 6e30T3bl13HOCTb "fJJerei1cKoH (ap6Ulpa;KHOH) orOBopK(J, T.e HC.I\03BOJleHHOCTb OTKaJa or Hee no 6e3MOTH13HOMY yC"'IOTpeHHlO CTopO- Hbl. Ho CCTb lJ onp.tBllblBalOlJ..[He non05Hoe OTcrynJleHHe MOTHITbl. OHH CBOllHTCH K TOMY. 'l.TO 60nee CHJlbHaJl cTopoHa MOrJIa npHHy.nHTb D.PyrylO 3aKJIIO'IHTb TpeTeiicKOe COfJIaWeHl1e pa3JIH'IHbIMlJ cnoc06aMH. Eo BCIIKOM cn)"lae HMeeT MeCTO HecoBnaueHHe MeTonOB IJJOpMHpO- BaI-lHH TpeTeticKHx CYD.OB ad hoc 11 nOCTOIIHHbIX. PerJlaMeHTb] nocnell- HHX npellycMaTpl1D81OT MexaHH3Mbi Ha3Ha'leHHSI 06bl'lHO pa3JIH'lHbI),tH 1l0Jl>KHOCTHbIMH JlHU8MH TperctiCKHX cyncH. KOma. :Horo HC lIenalOT CTOpOHbl HJlH JlBoe CYlleti He l136Hp3lOT "fJJCTbero l . CnenoB3TeJlbHO, HX 6eJ1lei1cTBlJe llBH>KeHHJI npouecca He npeKpaJlJarT ICM. HBnp),[Mep' Tpemt'iicIwii CYI!. 3BKOHQJI:ITeUbCTBO rlpaKT),[KB Km.MeHTIlpl1H I Cocr It aBTop KOMMCHTaplteB E.A. BItHorpMoBa. M. 1997. C 200.2"2:1.256-257. 290-291 267 
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