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10 np.''UIC''IOIIIIC TilK)'IO D03MO)K]IOCTb pa.lpeWemrn }'KaJa1ll1b[X npOnIDOpe'-1Ull II KOHqr. JlrJKTOI< I1CMOI-JCTpHPYCT UP0I130[UCj\llIaH 3/lCCb H 1660 m.llY "PH nOk JleplKI<e 60.rlb'\I.1HCTlii\ HaC!;'.".t'HHJ] pll'dl<pal(U}I MOHapX"" CnJaflTOH'. Kax II3IJeCTIIO, JaKOIIII('IM KOpo,lej AJI....ll[1I 6b1...-! npl-!3l1an IIpl! <ITOM KaP.1 II - CbIII Ka311CIIIIOro peBO.'lIO!-1[IOJlCpa.\fII KOpOml Kap;m I. Ho Bellb He (;J[Y'111Cb peBQ.f[lOWUlII [JJ<I..>K.lkIt1(KUti BOI1Hb[, 1I"leI-lHO Kap.,1i1 II I[Me.111 6b] illII)ll['Jillle CBOHM '\OlxmeM B 1660 1"011.Y ILIIII HeMHoro nOJ!l- Hce. nO'JCiY }J((' "PH Ha.!1I1'J.m H ilHf.lllfiCKml oO[I(CCTBC yc-IJOImi1l!.J[51 peaml3alllU:l C!J:enapHH Bo,1I0UHOIUIOro II "mpnoro pa3D1ITU.II 311eCb BCe-T<IIGt paJpaJlI.:mCb peBOJllOWUI. B KOlle KOTOpaH npoH30UL111 ,lIBe '"J'4UNIiIHCK.1C HUIIHbl, c..rlY4.uatb Ka:JHb <laKOHH{)I"lII«(JPU,.'I.ll, CibJ..'hl.!IIlK- Bl11ll1poBaHa MOllapXIIH? nU'1t'MY B O[qJt:'!ll'J[t'Hlib[r! 'IOMetIT p!:Bu.mo- UHl1 mUla MOJlapXlUl CTk)3jJfOB, CC1U olla OKa3<L1i1Cb CTo,l(, )((IIB)"I('l1, 'JTOCnycTSI OJ\IUUlaIluaT(,JICT Bo.1IXJ!II[JJaC(, KaK6bI C3.\!acotX-JiL npH OTI)'"RTDI[I[ (,I\OJ[bKO-IIU6Y.l!b CepbeJIIOro COIlpmllDJ[emm co CTOpollb! KaKllx-Jm60 OUlileCTI!eUllb[X £pynn? KaKOB \tBtaIlU3M pa.lpyrnellll.ll 1"0- CY/lapCTHa, II KaKID.! oCip<l.l0M OHO MO».I.r UblTb BOCClaHOB ILHO? - Ha .iTH U IlpynlC 'J<OI\:HCi1I1I11t' I<IIllP()("hl, 1<1J:1HIlKaIl"'I.1t' IIPH p;;ct"C}r- peUHI[ C06UIlIH allrnllllCKoii peBo,1I0wm 1640-1660 ro)lOB, npllJlk1110 .lIaTh OTBeTb[ npcJll1JJHHJlTOC MIIOIO I[CC-'ICJlOBaHIIe ee lOplt.:lH'lCCKoH HC- TOpI[1I '.OjJ.I'''.\I'''''C''"O!1lX'''pIL,xo606I1!CI,,,Hur!lOC'ITC''bIlOII'''B.'''' elTJlTO,'ITOOllallpoIlJO'n;lallrf'fa\l}'.'I T00 'l"'.\lHOC'lIlC;lOaHnIl4aHJ!\CI!II1IO.'ITn6h' olla IIpDlI'H)II!.,a..-, - "a"...,a "CTOpIiK f. WIIIIC (Do,.",,, G. Th futoratlOn of CharlcsIl16S/:!-I660_SanAf2ni1n"Cal.fom'a,1955_PJS5) 
fJIABA IIEPBA5I OEIlJ,ECTBEHHbIM CTPOM AHrJU1I1 B HNIAJIE XVII BEKA no cBOcii coc.'IOOHO-K/J3CCOBOW ClpYKl)'PC aHrJIHHCKOC 061l!t'CTBo nepBb[]( He0IT1t.'[t'T1U1 XVII DeKiI IIU'1T1[ He OT'lII'Ja.'lOCb OT eXl[llE(lBa Cept'.l!IUIb] XVI DeKiI. npaoom:ll TOMac C"IIIT (11wmas Srmth, 1513 1577) nl1CaJl B Tpal>.Ta1"C "Dc Rqrubltca AngJorum (06 aHr:IHficl<OM I"OCYIlC1pcfHe)l>. ClOJl,ill1HOM H 1562-156.') ."O,-.,ax': ",MbJ IJ AHUlI1IIIIOhlK' IIOBelillO lIe.ItM IClliIIIX JlIOileH lIiI 'JeTblpe KaTeropHH: lI)j(ellT..'ILMeIlOB, roPO)((aJL i!OMCIIOB, IX'MCC"lCIIIIltKOB '[JIII pa60TIII[KOB 113 .;vKCIITiU,,,te'- HOB lIepBbJ)!I[ 11 ri1i\lll1hlMI1 }l1\!I}lI(Jl"o] KUpO.'lb, IIPHH'I, ll:,pllonI1. Map- KH:!b]3, ipa<pb[t, BI[KOt1Tbl', 6apotibf, II I[X Hil3bIDillOT .JHoITblO (the nobIlity), 11 Bce Olll[ HMCII)"OTCH Jlop.'¥I\m H 311i1TIU,[MH .1.011I>MU: 3i1 , 11epHolla""lIblii BaJI'IlliIT..De Republ.ca Af1I(lorum 6hl' 1I3IIIICa" B 1562- 156.') IT rO\l3C C""T >K1I,1 II mil mh! 110 IJJpaH'om. nc "all"M'" lln","<X"T" 110' c.''''''llK"dNlpO""""E'",,"-ueThl''P''II.''''peNlpOllIKa,p.,aIX.3aIUJI.1ocooeitn,epTli 01l1ll'JX'P.16r.-ma;nullrOlL1BCJICIII!C_""p"""cmllyli"'K.aIl..6b1"aocY=lIJ[cliali 1583r. 'Tmy"'''pllora(dukc.duchcss)6b1JIco:u.aIlBAJlr,,,,,,"aQilIl''''''-'!IUffi\I l1 t'IY "p1'BJJe,," 3..I..\'d)m' '" (u 1337 r). n,.".1fJ<¥.JR>'I nan ('lIjJwn" (.b'" l(upo.'t>I 3....Vdpo1'-1epJlLl)[fIpll..II(Edw.mltrn.,BlK:kPnnce) 'TIITY. \l"pKI];' (nrul.pIis, marques, .mlIThiolK"S) 6bl me"""" ua BOCb\tOM roJIY "I"IIIJJe"JI P,,,, PA'" (II 1385 r.). fIpllD.lI.JKell.."'.. KUpuIDI POOepT l1.e Ikp. '1"11\:> Uoc<fIoplCKllii (Roher! de Vere Earl(' of (Mom) OblJl oo1>ml,el-j MapKl'30M llv6.1l1Ha 1\ Bp."IallJ\lIII(M....qu=eufDllblininlre1mKI) 'T'TT).'IJI'IIJ>a(earl.(ount,(Ollntcs.'}(Y"ICCTRYCTBllunllll("800rJ1aHHh,ii Tlny.1 CTi\!] ..ocmb ..fJt'XT.'IIITe.U I(opo.n B MM!lHIIl"Tp<\TfIBII()-"R')JI"'TOplla.UHO] OK pVI"C(sh]I"C),II."'n]llJlii"accl1HIjJY"K'II'''.'IOpII<:HII(ca1dOlman) "T!'1)' BlilOOl.11\ ('iscount, Yi'<OOl.mess) 6blJl ro:nall Ha IIOCt"'IHa.ltaTOM roJl)' 1lpaB."CmtH fCllplixa VI (0 1440 r)_ IlcpBLIM OllKOIITO>' era, j\"'OIi 00>1011 (John Hcallmont)_OcpllOHa\la'''HOBIIKOJ-n"JlII.'I}I;lUOUlCPllrFo_''IJI'I<1>crna(sh.re) '.,'hlllll("" TIITY.' e,,,,,,,----myer 0 A"nJII' e 1066 r llepooml'-laJI"'IOOIi o6mlla'ian 1II.fJA"I"I!.''I}I:i(C\IC'b'"",X}'I"O/UII;.m'f"/'CI'''b'XHCIIPCf'CJICI1'O<rrI<OPOilll 
12 IOplti'lCU:llcacIIl'K"n. allnllikKOII f'CHI'-"K",'1II 1640t660 rrulO" IIHI\-I'1 C!K:'il}'Df pblllilPIt, <JCKBal[Pbl It npocTble IDKellT..'lbMellb!"', 3Ty xapaKTCIU1CTI1KY LOC..'IOBHOfi CTp}'''-"I)'pI>! .aHf..'[ui1cKom OUUICCTBa IKI'IIII Jlll(:"l.IIJHO IIIIHlllJ1l;J I< CIiOCM 11III1«Um1 AHr;JUH M.'ij,,'(II'uu COBPCMCH- IIHK Tmmca ClIlTa YIL1(,.IIM Xappncoll (WillwmHnmsvn, 1534 1593). CXOJ\II)'IO Kapn[IIY allr.lmiicKoro OUIlK'CTBI'lUlOro CTpo.ll pliCOBaJI B Ha'Ja-le XVII BeKa I[ IlpeJ[lTaBI-ITI'."Ib KUpi.L1e.KKOii iUlMI[HItClpa[[HI[ To1i\C YIUCOII (Thomas Wilson, 156O?-1629). .qnwrepllbJM .IIB.'I.IIe'TUI rpy60 npoBCl1CHllOc llC.1(,[II!C AHr:mll: 3HaTb, I"OJXfKal'C, i1m!CHb[, pc- MI.'C.ICHHllJ(jt, C('.,'IbCKltC paUmHIIKIlf>', m!C<Ll OH (j CBOC"! rpaK1aTC .q[OCYMpcrno Ai.nml[ B 1600 roll}' (The state of England. 1600).., COCTIUl.-'K:'IiIIOM lIa OCIiOBe noryMeliTOB alimillkKoll l\eIlTpa.1bIl0!i H Mt'CTHIli1WI"!UH'1(T]1<Ulltll. B qJel!e 311aTHblX aHrJ[I!'-JaH TOIIIa( YI1J[COII BbTllt''J.IIJI lJJeT{"J(y1O 3HaTh I1l1,.VWBII)'IO. C lIPyroil CTOpo]1bl, 011 J].C.1I1. :maTb lIa CTaprnylO (nohilitas maior), K KOTOpOi1 OTIIOCL MapKlDOB (marchioncs), rpaftoo (comites), BlIKOllTOD (viu:comll:es), 6apoiloB (bal'Ollt'S) II enHcKonoB (SCO(K'S), I[ !'>L1MUT)']0 (nobiJitas minor), MJrqJyIO COCTaBJl\I,ll[, no em MHCHltlO, pbll1apl1 (cquilcs). 3Cliliaiipbl (arnligl.l"ffl), ,{)!(CH'I:<lhMCHbi (gWlnr;tri), l-1IJI1l1t'HHIIKH (1IIIm!otro;) 1106pa:-!lIHaHHbIe 'IIJ][U (Idt'r'dtns)l. , Smirk Th. De Rep\]hlica Ang1ororn, The rnannerof Gowmrnem or pohcle of the Realmcof&$rrl London, 1583, P 31 'A[){>sfr'p\lo"ofFl1.':l.."d.or..hricfrch..ofthcoat\]I'C..ndQualltl{'Softhe peoplc of E.wa"d and such u....,..,dIl\eS w; >Ire to k found III thc ""m Ctllr,p,,_hu,ded In two hookc...,,<1 \\T'UC" hy W H IThat ._, \\']111310 H..rnoon, RcnorofRa"dwllllcr. Canun ofW",dsurl Th 2nd ed]IIO" of 1587 P. 95. Y"""mlll"" OIlJlcmu'e AJ'rJII\II& 6w[() 'IaCTb", 1JI'I]lI'03'mm IIp<I'L1BCJICII'''' nQ,l ....lBaJmc." YlIIlBcpcaObIl"" ""'-...... 'P>'<1>]I]lUCelU"mpi'''.menet.TeMTa'''''e.ItNJIIJPI>If'UT''''''Jlbllb'eIlCTupll''O """"cTllumll.I"'-'lao.II"-'!PY"'DUCTBO\I"c.TIlI1IG1E"''''''''''''bJl Pellllla"b"",I30.1$,(/?q!1nak!MiJj).fuJ>l":III.KII"']I'lMovuii<n::<eJlbJlb'XCTpal'uH "p"II."IeKP>lq,a:,.-..""XO.UUlllia>\(Rn,l1adlluh&hd)"YII"",.,,,,,XW'WEla,P-dOOrd H<\!1 3Tl.M "poIlJBe"e!llle.\1 'lpOlPl])!(a.lacb 25 t'T. CMepTb P 130.1$' ..e ..oaBO.111.a """"PWIITb t'nJ. B 1571 r. 6bLOII mUlt"1'rraJlblMllt'pll1 lII'b,e 'lll1Iit"'IIIUm 'IjJOII" 011,]1. nOCR]llIle"...." lI'Ir.QIlIl.llJonaHj(I'I'II Hp.aHj(I'I'. Cpe..l1'1'I(OBOHlt nmy- 'lJjll'Mut'(1110l1-" ..QiI ..........I.e." _X,PO]II,I(II Xu.'II...we,tU (HoTirnh J'J, Oww'.Jes)&. B 1587rll"''''JlORCRCTmqxx''''''''''JIaHIiC , Quiotuplt'x {'St dl'j.,jy sul,llal1!m AJ1g1ai Nohiles. Gi,'!'S, Yt'ell,Bi Al1is>mi. Opdlor< rust]eorum (Thc Slate of bt:1and 1600 hy S]r Thom.s Wi!.,o" I l7.th untilI)' Eroo"".c Ilocurnnr_, Editeo by J 111ir;k an<1j. P COOl"'r (Mon!. 1972. P751) 'B 1P}ItI\I Meo:Te(lI()('ffiTpalO'aTa Tm'a, Y'"'co,, "..,,"...., COCTaue _"'-'''"(Iud; 3IaTII."'P bJ uapeii.xllBaJljIOO.l\""'"T.%."c,mO,lOjlll"IU","J!OC1>ec"COp<l""mRwel"", KOII,"PX'I;.'lhHIUnI,lIpc6c'I;..pIlC" IIBI\""P"C'" (ib]d P 755) 
LaIlaIlcpR<JJ1 0611IlCl1IUIIIII' (."Tpm. A"nH" """"<L'C XVIII!CIQI 13 K IIIIC.'ICJ[Ht'fi K<\H,'I"OPIUI TOMac YII.'I(:lIH IIp.1'J.1C!lj.l;J I!(:ex, !(TlI IIII,ay- '111.'[ KaK.YJO-''''UU Y'1t'HYIO CT€'IIt'HI> (-..umne QUI radus alll.Ju05 In Acadcrmisacct'perUnb)I. B HI HfX'''Ul, KOlir.a TOMac YWlClI1I iJUC<Ll .-)'lU, I< AH'.'IUl1 Ht' 6bl.;J.. HI! O}[HIIJ"U rep'lora. T,lry:1 M<1PKI1:ii! H'1("11I1Il itRlIe .:lHaTHblX OCOO. TlJ- 1)'!1 rpa - BOCeMHit.Dliffb. BUKOtrraMl1 HIL"JJMI1Cb.l!I3<I '1e,lUBeKa, 00- pOllOI< 6bl.'10 rpn.I1W-Tb l('tJJJ1b. pblll3-j1C'ii - Ot,"Oqll500 'J(oq(JHcr-...3, .'I(,K- 1<i!lipulJ 16000 1!.'lI1 6U.'Il'(:'1 OfiliWl :ll\e '111{"J]t'HHlIl"l"b ffi\(.t'lt'HII AHr!UUl ClIlT.IIl'm.'[a B KOlllle XVI HiNd.'Je XVlIlJeKUB OKUI'O '1eTl>i- I"XCX M'U '1I10HOI< '1('.,'.OIJCl( ILlII HCMHOlI1M 6o,'blllc3 B :-moxy UpalJ"lt'Hllj.I 3;l..Yap/[a III CYII{t'CrnOHa.. Tllry."1 (JapOHeTa, KmUpb[i1 jt<1pU'Ja;j{ lIaTeHTUM KOpO.'IfIIJ 06w:H ;'ja olipeJIe'tt:'liHYIO cy"!- MY iICHC,.c; TCpIl1H ,,6apOHCT" BCTjJ(rcR H TCIUC O,{HOI"O ,['1 CTary' TOH KlIf.I(I.IJI PH'I3fI'1a II. 011 YIIO'll">tfL'rne"ll")l .Jj[Kb /1.,'1}1 IIUIJ:JHa'Jt'HI!}I npe/[lTaBIITe.1H ;JHil111, J[I1i11eHHoro IIpll1I1L1erlm Y'1aCTl1H B 1Iap..1<1MeH- TC 110 1IH}1I1l!ll'l0'a"bHOMY IIb[:JOHY OT .[MCHlt rrlf>O'm B 1I0c.,re}I..VIOIII[te 1<fX."'\lHa IIn:vJ'U<\pllHC'faHIIKrOHCHllr\1JI,']{JHi'ibLJ:UhIT. BU::JpOllW[ j!.3HHb1l1 THTY.'l 1<.OpU.'1> .RKUB I, KUTOpl>lti 22 Mi\.5I 1611 l"O}\a CfJJJla. l-/aC.'IC1l'TBCHHYIO COC.QOBHYID rpynny 6apOHC'JOB B HiI,/[l'>KiIC JlO.'Y'JI1Tb itCHC>KHblC CfX'il(TI<i\ ,,,,UlO(!Y(.IfiOtNK"'1-I<I Hp.,Ji\H- IlUll En) RC'U!4l'CTlIlIllpei!}IIJ)IU!J] mry:16apoHcTiI I! ;Jele.'lbHhIe Y'Jac- TKH B O!H.ncpc .IlBYMCTaM WKCHT.1bMCHaM, KOTopb]C ""!C.'1'[ .IJ,O."<QI{ HC MeHCC 1000 dJyHl'OfJ CTCfl<lIlHnlll. .lI:JUl T01"O, 'IIi>&.. Cl-aTb (J3f!OHC'TilMl1. OH'1l(O<IAHh] 6bl.;JIIII;.YIJl1Th (:1It'llUa.;JhHhli:i JlaTt'HT, YII;J;;-nllJ I< KOrXNlCH- CII;YIO KalHY 1095 <fJYIlTOH TIpH "'IffiM npc'l1'l-f.],CHTh[ Ha YKa3aHH(,]ii THlYJ. 6pa.![l1 Ha cOOH 06H3aTC_lbCTHQ COItcp'JQJ1 h II TC4CHIIC' Tj)('X JICT 30 ("O'I.1ii\r \1:-1 apM\1\1, pa;1Mt'lIleHHoli H HP.I3H}[llll. Hecr.1OTpJI Ha TO, 'JT(J .RKOB I pa.1pCWIIJI .uan[TI, 3a 6apo.HCTCKltC naTCIITb[ HC OCfO cYNNY cpa:JY, HO C OIcpo'IKOii Ha ...pu ffiJ1.a. Cllpo.c Ha Hl1X OKala.1CJ! HC CJIIIIII- KOM 1<I.'.rtI1I(.1M. ,ltI.1615 nlj[a lIaTl.'1fT Ha TI1'IYJI6apoHt'Ta K'yIII1.'II! "It'Hl't' , Q\J;l1turl,< est d"i!;jo uhitarulII A.-tU. Nohil. Gi,'('S. Y('('tRam Artioo.roi. Opifil"t">ru,[ic.orum. (l11e SlaleufErudHnd.1600bv SirTholll'" Wdson. P.752). 'n"d "Ibid P751. 'Ih,d P75.'I "CM.:POPIlI"UinT, II OdnrrIdirtionar.YofBltN.I'i<m1y /F.rl byJ.Can..on. 0'<fmI.200IP519  or; am" CH)L1CTCJ!hCTlI}'('"f oIJHa(n')O.8l....ii .. f(OH'IC XVI - Ha'lafte XVII R C3pDM Pofx.p1<J\I Kanu'IO" IIaJ'eJfT. IIOJ.."IarnBwJlf, TIITYJI OOpolleTa.13 YII'''...."" Ilona. J],aHHh!iillaTCHTl1hL'''''''laH''Tp"..amIaTbliim1 I1 p<1''-'CH)l>Ia'lj'apJ!aJII(BU40r) 
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LaIlaIlcpR<JJ1 0611IlCl1IUIIIII' (."Tpm. A"nH" I!"""<L'C XVIII!CIQI 15 B,IH'J(.'Cl\,PCKI1ii .1 Aj.j).--()(-I1.'I\1i1(:Kfli1 IlMe.']1I JlOXllj[ I< cyw.1l' OT 2-x HU 3-x Tb[UI'J IYHTUIICTep'U[HrOB II 1"O1l, elKeI"O.l!lIbll1 HOXUllOCra..1bHb[X em1CK0!10B {.OCTJB..'Il OT OHHOii Tb[CWJI1 ilU 500 cpytITOB, HO HeKOTO- pbl(.' 11"-1 H\1X lI{lrlY4(Llil MCHblll(.' .-nux CYMM' AHI-"lllll("Ka}I "{ToIPllliUI ;jHi\Tb*" lUll aplI("rotq1J'lI}I (repl[lII"Il, Map- KH;jbl, rv4b[, BI[KUHTb[, OOpoHbl .[ eru1CKUnb[), nepeW:IlBa..li\ B Ha'Ja..e XVII BCKa Tp)'llHbiC H!X-'MCHa ITWlIlTll'JCCKoe B.,lll}lH\1l' :-Hliffi COl[H- a.'lbHOl"(l{'.IO}lHCYI0Il1HHOc.1a6e..o, Bo-nepol,a,-OH Ub['1 {'''II!IIIKUM Ma.'[04I1U[eHllb[M, Hill:4ltTblllaJl He- MIIOI1-!M 60.![cc IIICCTIVlCCJ!TH Ct.Mdi ClJXP<U-1(.'I1.11O "1<L1O<t1lC,ICHHOCTH aH'II!iD: 111Ii1 apl1CllIK])<1n1l11J1' MH..I1IM nmCII6nl<\JHa;J<1 1((1p!1.;Jellii Em- ;;<\lJeTii I, npeMI!BlIliI.IIOI coxpaHIITb 'JUmTI"Y D.i\HHClii .VYllllb[ 11 llpe- il,01lJpaT.1Tb ce pa:lMb1HaH.[C pa3(xwaTll<llll.MI1 IJb[KO;{[la1! 113 "ICHCC 3HaTllblXC!llleH.3auuC,il€}\HIIC'rpl1ilIIilTb>1C:'T Ee BC.II'Jl'l'Hl'I<():-JHe;1i\ B i\pllnOKpan['JC:'CKHI1 paHr Bceru ..'lIl1l1b o.[HUru 'JC:'.'[OIIt'Ka .[ JWU,[M 1IfJ.l1Jfl,1I1J[a YHaC.'C.itOl<an, aplll"TOKpanNCl"KIIC TIII)'.'b[ CIJOI[K IIpClt- KOII. Bt:OOlIlC1".I<I!1I {:'1Op.! {KOM, .!ilKPCIIJICHHbl"! IIUbl'Jal"'t .111pall()M, nrry.'Ib[ repUUI<I, !l-tapKIl::Ja, .-pallia I! IJapoHa 1IC:'pe..Ii\I«L'lIKb 110 HaC'IeJ[- CTBY TOJIbKO CTapIllH"! Cb[HOHbj["i. OCTa;jbHb[C Cb!HO"bj[ ap.[CTOJqJaTOB {:T<1HIII<U!ll1Cb HreH' "ll11l1b 'JCKllaupaMIi ITpl! TlI.\! IiCC (.blHlJllbJl'"CPllll- '"OIlI!MapKI1::JlJlIIICTi\IJIIII'C(.bIHUllbJI.-paq.xIlJI<eJII''Ja;JII{b>l'lpiLa\!1I2. Bo-emopblI, []()lJ.aR,1J!1OI1\CC 6o.![I>W.[HCTBO aHmuficKlix ajJIICTOK- parol< Ha'JaJJ<1 XVII HCKa HC Mor..'IO 1I0XH<L,.It'bCH J[j)C1<tiJ}(.1blO CIJOCI'O pOila Apllcm<jelKiIJ.I pO.tllC;OIlJHi\H IIO'JTU I<rcx lIfJt'/lrr"m1TeJ]t'\1 aH''JI[iicKOii "CTaplllcii ;'lIIaT.[» He IlpocmpaJIaCI> J].<L1CC 0)\HOro.-no.1Y- TOpOl l10Qcmi1 ApllCl'OKpalll'JCCKHC 1{![aHb[, IIMCIJIIIUC 6o.'IlC llpCIIHCC IIp(llllHlle. Ubl.'II1, : pe,Wtr.t 11C1{!1I()4ellllcM. 'IC;IIIK()M IlcrpeO- JICHI>[ B XO)\C Koii ooiiHI>] 1455-1485 I"O)lOB W'>K..J..V i'IopKaI\lIl H JIaHKaC.lpaMIi. 11:1 50 ;mp;{olJ, COl1.aILUUlIIIHX Ha MrJ\IlH( Ha'Ja:m YKaJaHl10fi HOUHbl l<epXHIUK'IIa.-131)' <tHrJlI!IIlKlIllIlI;;P 13\tt'HTa. K 1485 nt'ly OCT1L10Cb B }KUBb!X 29. K 1540 nt'ly UK 'JUCRO 6b1RO BOCIlOJIHCHO. K KOHllV },.'VI BCKa, ce'lI! CYltllTb 110 "la'q>lia![a,\! TJJaKTaTa ToMoca YWlCliHa "focYitape"rHlI AHI.JIII\1 H 1600 WJIY». 'J.1CJ1CHHOCTb aHr.ullt- CKOM 3p.lCltJI;.paTltIi CJlBa npcBb[W1La WCCTb .l\CCHTKOB cC\ldi. XO.'lJlorh I!Cpe.IlHeM 1"1I\O\10 'IDOn IITOB. CM U'il<m Th.l1]e StateofE!\SIand.I600. P754 'Ibid 'C.,. Smith Th. [k Repubhca lorum. P 32 >rCp"0rljaK1'Hrc.'...'apJ<1I3.[(opco:r 
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LaIlaIlcpR<JJ1 0611IlCl1IUIIIII' lop"" A"nH" """"<L'C XVIII!CIQI 17 pe. GlUt cTpeMHmlcb ..'Jrob]"1H cnoru6aM.[ .l!06uTbGI 1L'lH COOfi KaKUX- '11160 Ma7l.plla.![bHb[X 1IfJ}1ffi.IOKIH.[i1, IICHCHfi 'UH pCHT, ;,anOJ[Y'!HTb JllJ.,")I(HUCTl1, II(Xil<lJ;J}IIJ1Ul1e IIPIl(HiUltlilTb K<I<Il-HHb!C Cpei!CTRa U IIpaTh B3f1TKlt. C KOlU1H XVI BeK.1 ilUI"..'UlI[CKHe HpllCI'OKp3TbI CTa.1I- 6o.ee mITIJBIIO 11 BO BCC 6cL%WCM 'l1lc"'JC BOIL1CKaTbC.I! B npC.!Inpl1m[\l311'Jfb- l-KYIO neflTe..'lbHOCTI>. no l-lJellt'HI1mJ 11CrupltKa 11 CTUYHa, B HiI'liL1e XVII BeKa D <JT0!i c4Jepe nwly'Jam[ paJ!III'1HOrO poZla lIOXWlbl 78% apIlCTOK]JaTII'JCCKltX cCMdi AHml1li' O.allll-M 11-.1 CaMb[X pacnpoC1pa- HCHHb[X Ii UbIeTpb[X cnocofKIH 060ral'ICHJ1}[ CTaHOlJlUOCb H 9"1"0 IJpcMJ! lL'm apllCfOKpHTOD nOJl)"Jelille or KOJxmelJCKOl. B.aCT!J narenTOB, npe- nOCTaBMiBlIDIX lM HCK.110'!IlTe.1(,1I(,]e npaBa lia npo[I3OOlIC1DO 'Jero- 'lll-(X) H.U! TlIpnIH.rlK.l\dtJ.M-ounKI 'OIIiIPUM CaIl-lbJC I<bIlU.![Hbl('.rrpaC.IIH BHeWHej;'[ TOproIL111 AHrJUU1 - HanpI1"Jep, <lKcnopT wepcnl .[ l-)'KH<I. liMnopT BI1I1, 113fOMa I1 ,upyIl1X npon)'KTOB OIffi3a.IIC(', TaJ(HM 06pa- OO H MOI.OIIOJ[bllmJ B.![a.ILCHHII OT,'lC.'fbll(,JX 3pllc10KprroR KaK npa- DILIO,  6bLl.[ KpynHble CilHODlIIIKII. '[MeDWlte mx:ryn K tiopO.lleB- cKoHnepcolie. AHrolHi'CKillI l-Tap'Uilll :iHilTbP, XU!}) I1 He 6b1.'la KaCToii, I<lI I<CC l<fX."'I\..HiI IIPCi[c'dI-!.'m.rlii CO(K"'1 ClI\:"lI1HHYIO 1-PYllllY, I1Ml-'HIllYK..JII{LrIHe OnpelJ,('..'lellll(,]e paMKI1. qJICJlO repl\oroB, M3pK.I3OB. rpa4JoB, BI1KOIITOB Ii uaJXJIIOB BCcrna 6bL10 XopoWO 113BCCTI10. na .[ npaBOBOC nOJlO)K('lIIte HOl-,[Te.r[ej;'[ Ili1HHb[X 1111)'."108 fllJ;/}!..'J{X.b ilOCToITO'1HU Ollpe [t'''IeHHb[M dl:JIXTIJO repl\oron, rpaQxJD, Map'\H30B, B1.KOlflUlJ .[ G;1pl'"OB ur:III'JiI- .'IOCb IIX HaC.'JC)lCTBCHH('L\JI1 THT)'Jl3MH, I1X 6.1aronp.UlTHb["1 npaaoBblM IIhlllDKCHliCM H HX IIpmm:Jcrl1p(lHaIlHb[M nap!IaMCHTCKUM CTII'I}'Lml,1. EapolieTb] oon;l.lIam., nO.l!06no lIiI3BaJlllb[M rpynnaM. I1ac"lel\CTIJeIl- IIb!M T'ITY"10M, 110 Olll[ lie II-MC..'lH IOplliUl'leCJmx npIIHlUIffIlU.[ MeeT B na.llaTe.lerp.(I.tI, C'OC'IODHilli rpyrma, H33bIBilBUJilIICfI «M.r[MllleH 3I1aTl>lOi>, JlB.fI- Jl3C(, 6o_ce allipbIToii. 'JC)'{ 311aTI, «CTa.pWil.lj». EllIc TOMac CMHT np[l- :maBa., lIffi BOiinl HC.1HaTHOMY lIc.,OBCKY B '"Y KaTCroJJllIO 6[,L0 HC- TJ1Y.l!HO. Heo6xomtMO 6b1.o JlHIllb .l!OCTH'Ib Onpe.!leJleHHoro ypoSHfi )l{H3[!H no ero C.10BiI.\l, .lUf, KTO M3Y'-JlJ'1 .1re'JlH60 3aKOllb[ KOJXJo.eB- CTI>a, IC1"O Y'!WlC I< YHUI<Cpl"lIlU3X, I<"ltI OCI<OH!I CHOUlI./[HblC HayKn M, KOpo'l€ nJl<Opfl, lITO "1OAl-'T Alt"Th IIpa3iIHO, He 1Ipt.'}[aBillICb PY'1HOi1 pa60Te M 6yneT npH <lTOM B COCTOfillilll lIMeTb OCaJlKY, 06f13aJUlOCTIi Ii , C.,.. Ston L. The CflSJS of th >II"IStomK)'" London, 1967 P 627 'II-.K I:':n...h_,hsoc'cty 1580-1680_ umdon, 19t!2_ P 23 
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26 IOpltiIICUd'cacIIl'K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 16401660 fllAon CMhlCJle, 'i"llll'CIII)'H,I3\1l'HT;l,;ihHbIt' IIpl1HiIHllbl, TdKIIC KaK IIpUHI1I1I1b! lIap:lal>leIiTtKUI1J IIt'pXUIIeHlTualiru(.IIOJIlTl!aIl:paua, U!>[p"d.)I(eHh[ IICY- lePHb[X )(,UlCHH.!IX (judicial dccislons). llo..1IlUHO PCIUCHIUIM (rulings) CYJIDB 110 KOIDpaKl)' 11I1PH']II!IC!II[fO Bpcilll, <rfH )('UlClllffi (decisions) lie 1\3J10JM:'I!b] D KO.l!eIKe!>2 KpOMt' TOro, .l!,UUla.IIl\OIIlT]nyliIrn HIL1.!leT- C.!I «m6((()fI D TOM CMb]C-'1e, 'iTO OTC)'TCTB)'eT cTporoe paJ..}I'1IJe Me>Kl\Y 06bIKHUBeHHbIM I! KOt1COnyW10HHblM ;JaKUH011<\TeJ1bC11JON; ClaTVlbI, HML'iOlIlIIC JICJlO C KOHCTlflY'lIlOHHblMI1 BOUpOCa\!H, He IIO)I'iUHCHb[ Ka- ((()H-.'JlI60 cnculGi.ol(,1I0ii npou BIICCClIlliI nonpilBOK 11 MOI}'T 6bITb B IIplll!l!HnC JJcnro OTMCHCHb! C.'IOBCCHb!M BblPIDKC[IItCM.. llOll0611ble ouellKIl 6p!!TIlIICKOII I(()IICTII"I)'llIIII nHeT 11 npaI>OBeD. T. P. C. 3;J..'1all, I\UTOpb)!:'[ )'"rnepJKllileT D CDoei1 KHlire "llpiIDU, (:oo6olli! U U(JaHlICY;IIIC IOjllllll'JeCKfiC IICHUl<bl 6jJflTiJH('KIII1I KOHlTlIlJiIl10Ha- !]IIj\101», 'JTO "IIPH UTq.11II IJblllllero "KOHCTIIl)'III10HHIII1J" IIpaWl, npOBO.lrJJaUlCHHom B nucaHoiJ I,OI-1l'THT}'l!I-1l1 11 nO'1I1TaCMOm B Ka'iC- CTEe IICTO'IIIHKa YIIliK&1bIlOro lopn.:lII'It'CKoro aDTOpHTeTII, 1Ip1U1ll!!n rocnollCTBiI Ilpi!Dac.)'JKI1T D Ep1tT<UIIflIiJx;.pMOii I\O[ICTII"I)'WJI!. IlMt'lUlo D <JTOM OCiIODlIO1 CMb[Cne EpuTIllilm OOrlilJlil("f KOllcnl1)lw!ei'1, I.ope- Hluriirn lJ 06[ut?llIpaBe1, uuen II I1t'HIiOCTH Koroputi. (O\TcIIIfllO[IIUe "IUlHI(ltII rocllo)tcrna Iq11Ba, mpID](('I-Jbl Ii BO[UO[UCHb[ B 06b!KUOHCH- 11m! 06rneM lIpaIle (common law).... EC.11! 11<1 pil3BIITHe rocynapcrnelllloro CTpOH Airr!1I!1i D Te'1eliHe XVII BeKilIlOCMOTjJt'Th C TO'iKH 3pe]IJI.I] Db[pillKelUlOro B IIpUBeD.ellllbIX DblCKaJblBilHILIIX nOliliMillilLII (.YIllJillCllI ilHI"J1IIiklWii KOH(:mTYWU1, TO crdHCrO'iL'tJ'lHbl"!, 'JTO alllJl11l1CKllil "tollapnlfl6bl.11a "KOlitTIIT)'III-!OH- 1I0rt.. HC TO.LKO B KOIIl\C VKaJaliliOro IJ('Ka, 110 II B ca"iOM cro lIa'Ja.e. cDalIT Ha.'II1'-J.IHI y Airr,1!1fiKOro roc)'!{a)Jcma l«1HCl1rryUIIH LH OCHOB- IIb!X 3aKOIIOB BO BpeMeIlH, II)X'lWJl'C1DOGBllIlIe «c,laBllOiI peBO.'1fOll!lIJ" 1688 roID, npl13HaroJ[1I11 ca"lH )''JaCTHIIKII peDU,110IUtOHHbIX C06bITHti. I iIocnooHO: .This renects the poirn: that the uJl1'\(iw(!on is it common law L"{)",,1.ltlltion. 'English PIIt>lk L1\\'fEditrohyD. Feldman.0JdmI.2IJ04 P 7 '"", . jloc .It " III thIS fundamcntal sense that B'1tam ha' a common law (OiNitll\ion '.In thc  of 2. hcr 'conwtutlOnal" 1",,_ procla,mcd In a \\mtcn Constitution and \'FlIFntN <I soliKeofuniqlle legal illithotity. the rlileoflawS€I"'"eS III BrJta," a. a fonn of commutlon It IS ,n this fundamcnlal sense that Bmam hasa ",OInmoo la\\ comUtlitlon (hcldca'and ,'alucsof"h,ehthcl1,lcofla,vcn<'ilsL'ilre ....flceted and =bcclded III thordmary eommonlaw. (,18m T R. S. Lm-, Lbcrty and J,mlCc_ Thc 1"oundatlonsof IJr,(,sh Con'tlllIt!onah.m_ 0d00d, 1994_ P 11) 
r"lalla IITIJpa><_ nICY,IdJ'CT1"-"IIII;1 (."lpoi, AIILOlllllla"""}'lIl' fIC"''-"KJIIIIII Zl 28 HIiDapH/7 4enpa.'l\I 1688 16891"011<1 [JamTa 06uulII allr.'lJrnCKoro lIapJ[a!>]CI-ITa, I1MCIIIIICro II TOT MOMCHT cra1'YC KOHBCHT2., IIpHHJ!J13 I"X?- :..0.'11111111111, I< K(}TOrOn I1IIJOpU;mCh, 'JTO «KOfXL"Ih.ll.II\:!;'Ih.!C HroP1J11, IIPCil- npl1mlB nOnbITK)' IIHcnpoBepmYTh KOHCrmUTIlfl'l-OO <!Toro KOpo,leBCTBa nyTe\l pa3p['lBa [JcpBOlla'la1JLlloro .lLJrOE>Opi! ((;»qy KOpo.CM 11 Ha- POliOM Ii 110 CODel)' 1!!;,:;YITIUII I! npyrux ;jJ[bIX ..'mu, HapylllIV[ OCHOBHb[e 3aKOHbl...i> (KypCI1D \Ioil B. 7:)1 J].'l5I 060:U-JaliCIUl5I IOPUJ\lt'ICCKoii KOI-JCTpyKUHl1 mCY;!,afICTBCHI10' m C1pOH aHrJIUlicKIiC IIO.!IIITI1'JCCKltC /1CHlt'..IU nCplJb[X JICOITIllC11tH XVII CTOJIeTlI.II HcnO.%30IJaJ11I pa3.m,p-IIIb[e TepMlUlb] Ii C')()(J(){'{)'J(- IIIDI. TaK, cmu.:cp [Ja,W.TbJ 06UUIJI II CBOCr[ nap.;IaMeIITCIW!I pe'llI, npo- lI:llilU.'HHOi:i I< IIPI1(:YICII<III1I«IfJIJ;UI.fIl(uBa 17 11K)Jlj.l 1604 11I)[a, IUIIll-- PI1)[ u "I\UHa"{, nocpenlTBOM lIUI"OpbIX KOlJlIff .:nolO [JpaBI1TeJ[bCTBa Kor,;ja-JUl60 lIanpan.'UI..'JCH", [Jo era C.IlOBaM, C).'lliCCl'B}'CT TPIi BJ./JIa TaKIiX :mKOIIOB: «BO-ncPBblX, Common La\\, OCIiOBaHHOC ILU B['[BC- nelillCle 113 ooa.ecrneUliuro fIpaDa, IlpaDa PaJ)"'ta I! EcrecwelillOro [JpaDa, 1I.rmIJlllIIXCH ue[!3MeIUlbIMII; oo'DTOpH"'.:, n03IiTIIB!lOe npaoo, OCI10I<aHI10C, IU\((;I1J1CMOC 11 IICpe lCJIb[I!al.1I10(.' C 11O.\!01l11>l0 H '1CpC1110- Cp!;'J[(TIJO CJ1Y4al.'H 11 Te4eHm HPt'''ICII, H-TIX'ThflX, 06hl'laII1l1fibJKHIJBe- mrn.. co6-1100ae"!Lle Ii npH3liaDaeML!e OIlbITm! IIjJC,,!eJlH, npl! urcyr- CTBlUJ ;mamm UX IICTOKOBi>". OJII1aI\TI II 6o.r[I>IIIIIH\Tue (:.f[Y4at'H 'oplii(H4e<.KiUl KOHl"TjJ)'K[urn 11)- CY.uapr.TBelUIOro crp()H AnrJ1IIH o6o;ma'J,L'JaCb TepMIUIiDoUI «l"OnstltutI0n.. IMI1 «fundamcntalla\\.., (OCI10Bl1blC 3illi()I1('I)i>. [JpilOOBl'iJ. II rulp.1aMCH- TapllU j])/(. YaHT.!JOK (James W}1l1cAxfao, 1570-1632), Bb[Cryll3}[ 2 111OJ[}] 16101"011<1 D I1a.aTe06I1l1l11 npllo6cym.aeIlI!11 DOnpocilO npalJeMJpru]H YCTallaMHBaTb rnMmKf:'Inlble nOULlIlIi(,] (impositions) 6e3 comacml lIapJla!>]t:'I1Ta, .JaJll<..rl}!.,, 'JTO nOi(ofiHhle.neiit I"tJl1j.1l'l1) tle)IH4l'CTHa «IIPO- TI!Bupe4aT l'CTecTBeHHoMY IIOPmlK)' 11 KUHlTI11)'III!1i nOJ11TIJKI! 3TOro I .KmgJ",,,e, Ihe Secund, hauog ...r.. lu sub\'er[ (he Curu;ti!."tion uf this Kingdom, hy hrt'akillg the Original Contract heN't'en KIIJg and r'POplP: and hy the Advu'e ufJe,u]b, nd uther "i<.ked Per:,un."havioguulu[...:\ Ole f"nd1n-",r.ud I..aM....(Thc.l0urnalofthcHouscofComml;or< Vo1I0_lnndn-J, 1802_1' 14) , ..The L.Iw<. \\ hereby the Ark of this Glwemmelll h.1th been ewr ",t't'I"t'do- Uournalof HouscofC.-.nn..-JIK Vol I Londo",18U2_1' 254) ,  The fil"<t, the O)lmon Law,grounded ordra<\l] from the Lawof God, the L\\V of Rca",on,and thcLm,.ofNalu","otmntable;thesccond,thep,,,,nvcla\\,founded, dliU" andalt<:rc<\ hyaIJd ttheo.x.-.r,'and PO];Ol'SofTimcs; the third, C.I'<tu<it!!>md Usages. pr.Il1:lCOO.nod allowoo \\"lth Time's Approb.Jwn, \\,(hour known illmIJg.,.(ih,rl) 
28 IOpltiIICUd'cacIIl'K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 16401660 fllAon KHPl}}It'HlTHa, K!HlIpa}! I1peilC"j'ijIJ';'J.lt'T <:n()()u .Jus publ,(:um Tl',gm (uyo- .'lII'JtiUe IlpaBU KUPO'leB(T[la), II reM <:a"lbIM HU('IIpUHt'pI.UOT (jJYltlJa- 'HeIimLl.b/iblii 3llK()/i KO(XJ>lClICTBa Ii BI"'lVT K C<XJ,/IIIlIlilO HOEIOU 4JoPMb! rocyapCTBa Ii npafu1CIIIIH» (K}'PCIJB Moii. - B. 7:)'. o «I}JYIUlaMe[ITiLlbIiOM 3al(Q11e Allr,lHl!". no IOOlUpIN}' ",[jap.a- MeliT JlIL1.lleTCH 06U_LHM COBeTml KOpo. Ii 1IDpOJ1E'DCTDa., I"OOOpL'J D 1638 roM D O.l!IIUH H3 <:BOIIX C)'.l!e6Hb[X pe'Jt'l1 C)'.l!bH KUP(Mt'DCI(OH CKaMbH CJp P0.6qrr ECj1KJiH. 3TOMY 3aKOHY ;(O)I)j{H3 01.1113. 110 C['O MIICIIHlO, nO.1l'1I111HTbCJI Ii KOpo.'lCBCKa5I B.'mCTb. ",XOT.II KOpo.% Allr,ll1H Oo.,'Ja.;I,aCT MOllapxH'JccKOii B.acTbJ() 11 1IMl'CT npHBlLrJC[111O BblCWCro HOCTOmICT&1 Ii oo.,'Je'lell a6cOmOTIIbIM nODepueM K CBoeH Kopolle Ii nt'plOlie 11.'151 YllpaB.iIt'IIII CBOHMII [lQ.J.Ji:ItiHb[MI!, OilHill\U el"O IlpaDJIe- HI1C Jlo.mf(IIU OCYUll"(.IWIJ.lTb(:sI coo6pa3HIJ i<!KIIH3I>1 KllfJlHlI<CTH<!1> 1, yrnep1l\.!a 1 0 1i [JOH)jTI1.11 KOI-JC11'IT}fl!Hl1 Ii ffJYHJ\aMCHTaJlbHblX 3aKOHOB 'Jacm lie. no,l(,30Ba,}[C(, B 113pII3Mt'IITCKIiX pe'laX. B nOmmJ1lt'CKIIX II npaooBwx HUK}'MeIITiI.X nepmma peBo,llOIIIIII 1640-1660 l"OilUD. T ilK, ..'JOp.!l <Do.u.- Kt'lUI roDOpH. D CDOeM Db[cl)'IL'JemlH lIa 3aa'1liU1I11i Ila.'laTbI 06iluJli 7 Ht'KaUP>I 1640 noma 0 TOM, 'JTO "KOHlTIrry1U!>I ,HOro rucy,'I<IJXTI'<! YCT2HOHlI..'I3, H.'lrl CKop.e nb[Ta.11ICb YCTaHOIJI1Th n.,lH Hac, lapaHIllH COXpaIUIOCTI[ lIalllCI"O 1i\fYlllt'Cl1'l3 Ii CQ;>,,"paIiIlOCHJ Tex 3aKOnOB, KOTO- pb[e no.,lIKIIb[ Oxpall.llTb lIac 11 lIawe 11MJll1t'CTI3O. nOCpe.1lCTBOM 1Ia.3l1a- 'Je]IIIH J1JlH lIac cynen. nOCTOHllllb1X 11 Bepllb]X npHCHI"e B TiU..oII crene- HI1, 'ITU lie "'\DIKeT Ubrrb lil!KaKOru rHeTd».4. '...Is"i>luNthenalurdlfrdme'mdcun'tituliunufthepu"t"yuflhiS1\ wlllm 1_'JII3 publicum m, and so ..twcnab tbe fundamed:o.Ila\\ oftbe "",1m, and mdnt"cth a new foml of stale and W>\uDn'l'nh (Pm.,i 1IlIl'III..ny o.Iebat.", III 1610 EdliN from th not"" of a member of the House of c.HliIl\Of\'! bv Samuel Rawson G<rrliner. Londun Clmd n Su<i<oty. 1862 P.I03, C.,. l>ItvReo. ConiP!t'tecullec[iunuf ,"tate mal> ,md proeeroings fur high I,-"a,on and the other cnm"" m"rn,meanur.< from the('arli""tIJeliodtotheY"arI783/Ed T.B.llo\\'eU LotwIun.I816,VoI.2.P.4Bt) , r l"Onfess. thai bv Ihe flllld:uIJl'nlailaw of EoIl4m.J. the Parlmmem IS {"{Immune fUlon!ium H't r<gr1i-; (E'<irart>; fronl the argument <>fSir Rohert B rl<t>Ie\'.JIJo;tio" of the King', Benth / file CUlNituliunal DIX."mento; of the Purimn Re\'ulution. Ifi2S-1660_ Th....l ed,t,on. ,-r;cd / Selectoo and Wlte<l hy S. R Gardmer Odrnl. 1906. P. 123) '4Thoh the K,ov::nf Eov::land hatha monarchical power. and hathJllrasummae lW'je<Lotis.andh.l1hanOloooluteUlIo;t',.u\f'dinlliscro\\'na.ndperson.forg-"'t'tT,mpnt nfh]s}'eth,sf'PI-Tf"IlIIJCI'oI:lstobe=undllml"'1'i<>,.(,b,d_P 116) I.Thcr;oo<;tJWln1nfthJSC"-ca]th.hathstabll<;ht,orrathcrcndeavo"red to .",tabl..h to liS, th secunty of our goods. and th secur,ty of those lawrs, wh,eh shouldsecurcu<;.andour!':O<>d<;.hyappo,rnlov::foru'Jud.soscttloo,soswmnc,that 
r"lalla IITIJpa><_ nICY,IdJ'CT1"-"IIII;1 (."lpoi, AIILOlllllla"""}'lIl' fIC"''-"KJIIIIII 29 B IlpeiIClalL'It'HHblX 2S HlIJ.I(IfIJI 1640 ro;!3 H na.iITY .I<IP;{OH "Cra- TbX 06I1UIH...», B KOTOpl->lX UP"JY.'lI1POBa.r[OCb 06UIIHt'HI1l' rpa4Ja Crpa4xPop.!la B rocy.uapCTBem-iOH KIMeHe, OTMeqa.()(.b, 'JTO OH "npe- Jl,aTl'JlbCKH IIpcJ{lIpHI-1>L'1 IIIllIblTK)' HU(:IIPllHlTJI1-1)'Tb f]}yHiJau(1/m{L.Ih- !role 3(lI((Jltbl11 npall.lt'HII{' KOJlo:leBlTH AHI-"llUl U Hp;/aH)[1II1 U IJHl'C- TIJ B\It'CTO Hero npUI[3DU,lbHoe, TlIpaHII'felKUt' 11 npUTIIDOOaKUHt1oe [IpiUJ,)ICHI1C"(KYfIC'UlJM()li -8.T)'. o 1I00Ihl11<;t' «HItCJJpotJ(.prnYThJyH..laft.ll'HT.L'lhHbll' 3aI\OHhllI npam!- Te.1bcmu Kupo.'It'IKTBa Allr'lllll" IJI.'[a pe'll-> II BlTa"INIX 110 OOn11Het11110 B l'OCy;,.aPCTI>I.'HHlIIIIU\Il'HC, Jjb'J,HUH)'(fJ\1}' KOpo'!ICM Kap.JllIM IllfIllTltH RlI.l'U lIap..rlaMt'HTcKui11111110:-j11l1l-!U 3/10 JlHHapJl 1641 16421"11.1[a 2 B lleKJ/apaJUIII "l[UJ[roru lIafLli\!\JeIi'RI!>, npm-mTOII 27 Ma>I 1642 ru- Ita, 1I0,{'JCpKI!I<a.OCh, 'JTO <o(.(!I"J[alH() Km-IC1lI1}'1111II11 IKUIITIIKC 9TO['O I\CrfXIql'I<CTHa, KUI)().'lb He "1OAl'T IIOlPC{CIHlIM cl<oeli npoKJlaMal(1111 Ot:TwJII.Tb 3iU\Ut!, 1lpOTl1lJopt"Jalwu1 pt'IlIeHl11O 11 pl'".:JO'lKJUI!11 KaKUru- .'11I6011:'1 HIDKCCIi'»1II1[1}( CY;{OIJ 11fiaIIOl-\'/llm, ClIlC "iCt1CC - 3aKOH, Ha- IIpal<.J/l'HHblii IIplJT1I1< BblCOKOlXJ CY;I.a &rUiL\Il'HT';». YIIUIJ1l'6IIJ.I nUHj.lTI1j.1 -«KoHcnYIUIf[» 1L'l11 "(}(.l1oHHOii.:kU\Ut! KO- PO'ICEJCTBa», .aHrJ[Iii1cKI1C npaIJRJCJIhI 11 rulp.,aMCHTapUI! IICpBbIX lICCJl- TlLICTHii xvn Hl'Ka, KaK J/paHILJ/O, Hl' JI.<lHa.JUl UM IJIIIIC,{C.ICHIHI [IPII .-JTIIM CMhlC!]UHUt' ;!Ha'll'HI1e .:JI1n: 11UJ-Ul"/lIH Hl' Hhl:-IhIIJa,"JO ('Pl'J[I1 HI1X KaJaf'(-_It60 cnopOB. HHa'JC 11 He MOI'10 UbITb - 110,1 TcpU!Ha\!l1 -«consLituti0l1... It -fundamentallaw»- <\HI.IUi:kKIIl' 1I0.'lI1T1!<jt'lKI1l' ill'Wfl';m IIOJ{j1a:-I.YMt'- Ba.'1H He KaK}'IO-.'III60 KOHKPCT['YIO COBOKynHOCTb npaIJOBb[X nopM, HO common la\>!' (o{.06wee llpiIBOi>)-I AHr..'111I1 there can be no oppress,on. (TheLordFalkhJnd. HlS Learne<l Spccch m Parlldlll<'nt, m Huuoe of Common" Tuul.hing lh jlldges .md tlw lu[.. lord Keeper. wndnll. 161.0. P3) I nath nairorollslv endo-l\-'O\Irt'd to sub\'ert the Fundamenml LI\\'es and W\'t'IllmnI ofth Rea],nufE\and,md r........Jand in,lead Ih=fl"mlrOOUl.,m .u.oitral)l and tyrannkaD Co\'€rnment <\S<Iirt<t L1\v. (DeprI<i(ions and art";.Je,; against 111o,nilS. Eur1eofStldlfonL Febr. 16. 1640,londou. 161.0. P. I.C".-lIK.ot.e lournalof theHo\lseofI.!)rd"l.!)ndnn,1802Vd.4 P97) . 'TheJUIII11a[ufthe lIouseofLord,. Vol -1 P 501. . BytheCnn<!ltutlOnand PohcyofthlS K,dom. the K,oy HIS ProclamatIOn ("anllotdeclal'etheL"'("ontral)'tothejlldglllEnt<lndRe"Ol(1tionofanyoftherm.-rior Courts()fjust!ce, much less >\I131mt the High Court of Parliament. (Journal of House ofCommnns, V()] 5_lcmdon. 1802_ P 113) I CIOHIlO'trdlllle .common 1-_. B lIaweii IOpIUIIecKOii JJIJIt.'I1'fI"VP" "peBo- I\IITCJll<aK06I1(CCllpaoo. 1IpIl:ilTO"'le}"IIITbJRacrCJI,'l"mnAIlc.OI!"nO"",,o:ilTOm 
30 IOp'LliIICU<IIC"'.UCKT" allnlmCKOII fX.'''''-"K>IIIII, 1640-1660 nlJ\U" 2. Common Law KaK OCHOBa 3Hr.JIHHCKOH KOHeTIf1'YIUm IhlL'HHO common Ia"" C'JU"fal r.laHHhlM IIlfJllj[lI'JCCKUI\.I <PYHo'la- MeliTOM cDoeJ:'! 1L1<lCTI1 KOpo.% .HKOD I. Bb]Cl)'n<l}l: 21 '\Iapra 1610 1"Olli\ lIa 3aCe.1Ialll[1i o6enx na1aT aJQ"..'muCKOI"O D3pJJa\leDTa, era BeJIli'leCTBO I1IIiOPI1;J II TOM, 'JTU XOH] -«Cl<lIIUI KlJPUJlCIJCTliliM UH HC OOB:-I<IH HU KaIIUIi u.iiv<lHHOii B LKTIIII He3aBlKI!T UT OJIOOpetilUl H<IpOiliIi>. TeM He MCIICC -«3aKOII B03.O)]O.j. KOpoll}' lIa era I"O.'JOBY. II OH BBJffiCTCH IWPO- nCM Ha OCHOilllfUU! common law crpaHb[!>'. npHlDlllllb[ common l<lw (.OCT<lD.'L!I!lH lop[L'UI'IftK}'IOOCHOny 1L1aCT- IIb!X no.lllOMQ'JI111 II alirnHl[CKoro nap.laMeIiTa. 06 <rr0M roBOpIlJl. lIa- IIpll\l(.p.. H clJocli lIap;JaIl-ICH.rcKOIi 1);C<JU 28 UJ(JI!}[ 1610 I"OJlZ TOMac Xe11eit (Thoma HcdJoy) no em C..'IOH<1M, "II;J<J.(Th U IIll;IHIIMO<JIl\1 nap.;1aMCIITI\ npollCTeKaJOT H3 common law, a De conunon law OT nap.;1aMCIITI\. Ii nOOTOMY conunon law 06.'Ja,a,acr 6o_bWIIM 1L1IIHIIHC1 Ii CII'IOII,'JeMlliIpJIa'\!t'HTt>1. l1a.e51 a common law l\aK $yILJallK'lITe, 11<1 Kuropu\!: npoIlJlitCb opl1uIILlaUlD! I1 JlC5ITC!lbHOCTl> aHr.1HiicKom nap_aMCHTa. npoHQ.'IluaCI> TaIOKC aHmpI1TCI-Hbl"l "llal<OlJC}IOM 3;I.v<lp.ro".- KyKO".-' (Edoc'(lrd Coke, "OOlllemI1f"'"".{rnmmonlaw)lIC1icmcJo!a"""I1JC<W1O .OOlllCCllpaBO' -,lIsrnmmune. "p"ilcral\.,"I.!lI\II](eo6oii a"",'ra_"Y(ep".....-.ro r)l\lCl\Offi1l1(,111UIIIICfl(l)m lira' Ba.oJlo"plI\I('...."OCbBI1f"'KTIIK{'IjepKOBIILlXC)'l!Olllll.ylIollcUpalle,1,lIIOOlT..(courts I=;:-;;::';.:.BI;eL.::7:1,::::(II:::i,::;; B Annum lie OIpaml'lIIBa.OCb ylll'''''pc'''.'''' <jJaKYJITcra."'1 It_'" TpJl6Ylla.a,," c,ItU'''IbIlOii "'pm:;u'KlI.I.... Ouu UbI"O 11311l'l.T'IO" Ilpll.,ell"ocb B P";IIIOUUP.LIUII CliocofK1B II ClfIy>IIJllli IOpllcrn>1I1 rnmmon law II npaB)fl'e.obCTlleElJlbl>1JI 'IlIIlOlIlIlllla' >III (Hdmhdz R. H. The ius rommU/le in Ensland. four studies, 0\funI: Ulli\'ersily pr=, 2001. P. 4). '.Thela\\'edidsettheCI'O"1Jeliponhbhead :tnd heisa Kil1J;I"I),the<"Ol1ll1llJO laweofthe land (Pm!. 1I1....1IMv Debait'S III 1610 Edited by S. R o.R1iner. London. 1862 I' 24) ,  TIle parlinmelll h II.h Ilis power "m! ""thorily from Ihe l.OmmOn ]:",. "lid Bot the(eommon lao, from the parliament And thrTcIore the(eommon law ,s()f m",." forcc and tren.'!th than the parliamenl. (Puxt'!o,<III'L.'!s ill Parliament. 1610, 2 Vob j Edited h,' E1....ahcth Rc"d i'o.ter New H",'en: Yale UIII\'l.rntv fu<;.<;, 1966. Vo] 2_ P 174) . H.l ;:). Ky"" 611 r_ B<TpE'aeT("1I 6 1PKY'I- IITa OIlIr.llikKOro nap..laMeJ-ITa ",,1592 I"OII. Ha""lX:iI<IlIllll n""aT",.,op.<!01l22IJJeBpa.uVKa,aIlIIOmrQ;13oEl6bL' }'TIIlI"JA'.1CH >ropo.....RJli Eml3ilBeTOli n lo.')I(HOCTIi (ellliltep" na.,aTl" 00111111I PC'lb 3 Kytca "" 11<I11110" """"-"""'" TdK UOJlpall)L,aCb &, BeJI""'-TBY, 'fl'[), codiUJaJI di 'lCpe3 m....")l"IY. 1IOJI'Ia-'<I"'IIIIT<C'" 5"-,,,,..-.; I1C'laTli ° (e6OC" cornaclll! Ha"""TIIC 
r"lalla IITIJpa><_ nICY,IdJ'CT1"-"IIII;1 (."lpoi, AIILOlllllla"""}'lIl' fIC"''-"KJIIIIII 31 1552-1634), B 1Ipt'J[I1(:;JlIIJJm (<<TII the Rt';;deT!» K J[(.'H}J'1lI11 'J(i(:1I1 UJUI1X "ReportS&, Halle'1aT<lt1HbIX B 1613 nw.y,OH - II TO opeMJ1 f.9aB- Hb[M cynb Cyna oI'iulII'!: T)f({) - OTMe'1<l9, 'lT0 O<1p_IJil\It'IiT, lJbIC'1)'rmo- IIlm1 H K;!'J(.CIl\(' HbKIII\.'1U cY,l3 AHI;Jlli!('KOIll KOpmreI<CfH;;, "HIL'IH('1('}j 'Ji\CTblO ('TpyK"I)'Phl, }'l r.lHOII.;fCHHUlI HUpMilll.nl ("(Jlmmm law, U H HeKU- TOPb]X C9)"-1aHX i1eMlTBYeT .JaKUHHb[M u6pa.-.w corJ1arno 06b[KHoIJeH- Hm!y IIOpHJlKy cmnmon law, KaK 9m IIOKa.lbIl<aE'r cTaTyr, 1I!lI1H}ITblii 1\ 39 I"O;'lllp<lIl.;fCHIUI ;'};(yapJI<I 111'»1 nOl!hlUlt'li1l1O 3Ha<re1ll1H cummun WW B Ki\'fftTBe peryJIJI'TOpiIIIO- .QIlIlI'lCCKflX OTHOIII\.'Hllii IJ <lHD,ui,CKOM oOlIlCCTI\C I<CCbMa CIIll(.o6cr- I<lIHa.'Ii\ JP),\!IIHIIPUIIiIHlIIaJ.I I< (.]'>I;'ile aHI ,uiicKHX IIpaI<OHei!UH U IIU.iIU- H!'JeCKI!X !IICHTe,lel] IIOKTpIDiil, CUr'liIl"HO I\mnputi ICro nplllllUlllhl, OIlJ1l'..lClDllnlllfC CTaryc U IQx1)UI"aTI1Bb[ KOPO,ICI<CKOH B.![acTI1, 1I0.IHO- MO'U!}I U III)ulJI1;fenlll lIap.:f3II-ICHTd, it TdlOKe H(IpMbl, .litK])t'lI,lJ.lI<IIIUe IIp;;Bil Ii rno6ullb[ nOllJ«lHHb[X Allr911l1C1\Uro KOpoJ[ICIKTB<I, BU3t11iK,1I1, 1113!1HIJaIIHCb 11111\ICIDIJII1CI> HC:JaBHC(lMO OT KaKoii- ..'11160 mcy,'{a(JC IBeI-I- HlJl1ILlacm, TIoil06HiU1 olleHKilllpl!HIU1110B (I HOP"! common law IlpuuCTeKar[ij WI nOHl1MaHIUI em KaK oO['['JaH, 3aPOJJ,I1Bl1lCrocH B H\iIITl1oi1"'J,pCB- HOCTf1 f1 fKHUlJ3HHlIIU Hil p<J:iYMC J.f"!CHHO TaKOC IIOIiUMallUC u(jIllcro IIp;;1IiI I<blvaAill I< 1610 mil.Y H OIOt'il lIi\p.lalcHTcKofr pe'-!u TUMac IIM:rn>ii.qo.'I!(HO("TII,OHao.'\H0Rf'C"eHHOBhIfJa"(.,atirJaro;tap"OCThll;L,aTen611IlH....... o:!C.....,IIL'i"lY..UI'III.." DWISop -1I:lip'III11C lIa;WO"'-'IOC"ThI.IIIIKI'pll UQ;IX!Ii!IIllICrn..eo. '08CK.... (AC.IournaloftheNllft,Spcrch""3n<' Vehal"", hoth of the Ho}"c of Lonb and Huy>e of CI.nllIID!> thr...t the ",hole Reign of Queen Eh",belh, of Glonou, Memol)' Collccted hy thai Emmmt Member of ParlIament S,r <;,mond Dewes, B. IU"IeIo. Published by Pllul Bo""" uf Ihe J\.Mdle-TempJ.. Esq. London.. 1693. P 459). C TCJ( IIOp 110 lICex)l(Yr,m.'ax na.,aThI JJOp.'lOB II na.,aT"' 0611!1I113.Jlf..,lilLtllm 111p1_'11\"""" IJIXlOOl<e,:\ BbWl)'llaeT "0'" 11",,,ue,, Edward Cooke. o'eUl......IO, ..mila PUU.l,.. >IblKe "'TO IIM>I.... ""'10 "po'UIIOC.UTbC" KaK ",,'I'-'Pot Ky><. B Q "'10;; aHnlliK1\OllflroplIKo-!i .qlln-p,nyp- 0110 1IIIIOeTl'>I I(al( E. Coke. C<XJIBE'T- L"TllelillO ern II W\e.....10 Ubi Ilpo"II(JC"Tb 1KrfJ3....lKII KaK KoyK O.iUmKO B P.\'I.tKO;; J[\amTlIl'aOOlle.almHa3bl6aeT("HKvtImI }11X'lIu..,oolnpaTlITb("JlI( TO.'YUpo,ullowellllltJeroIlMeI'H.I(OTOpoe6b1."Ionp'IIIH1UIlPH"ru)K>'jJlH. 'ToccTb136Sr , .This COUri. being Ihe most <llpI't'IIIe Court of tlris Re.lhn. is a IXllt of the t'ramcofthc Common ,"S, and.n some Ca.,"" doth procealiq:all}' "ccordll)to thc ordinal)' COIlr.<euf the O>nlITIOll Law as iI appeal't'th in39 Ed.3. fol... (The Ninth P,ut of the Report, of SIr Ed,,-ard O>ke Kt Chlcf JII'tICC of thc C,-.mmIJ Plca.,_ London, M[)«."'XXVII (1727). To the Reader). B npe,'II'CJ[ooml 4K 'IIITaTe;J!O., npc,'l,RaPJ<!O IIICMOCIIOII!IO"TCKCTIIaJllalilIOlUlIpo1l3B<:i1ellirn3 KVKd,Ulq..-cmyeTII}'t"""""... CJ1I'IHII'(. 
32 IOpltiIICUd'cacIIl'K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 16401660 fllAon Xe.wJeh .qCommon law <ITO pa3YI'lIlbrf! 06b1'-!all, :rehCTDYVUUlII 00 BCCM KO))(J;JCBCTIJC, 11CIIb[TaHHbrii IJpeICHCM, 'Ia[lClja'[qCHHbJii IJ 3aJIMCH IIDpo.'X:'IJCKOro C)'na, 06.!JaJIiIKJlJ.£1O IOpIlatIIKUlK'iI no DC61)' KOpo_t'B- CTIiY. IIpll.'Il<aHHbJii HCC-nl 1I.r1p1l H IJbIn'IY ;!,JlJl rocY;I,apcTHapl. 1'0110- plL 011. .qCommon Ia\\ Allr,111l1. IU[CaJI D 1615 rollY npaooBell.l1JKO!I 1I,31<HC (]cJm fui<.., 1569-162fi)2. - CCTb HC '-J.TO HHOC. KaK 06I1IHfi 06bl'Jal[ Kopo.!leDITIJa... 11 <JTO 06bl'1l1oe 1Ipi!D0 HIL1HeTCH 1I<'I1I6o,1ee co- HCpllllHHblM 11 1:.1.\lb]M 1I1)('1<O\'<I1)[HblM U. (JC;'I cpanHCHml, .I}''JIIIIIM JI-'l)] TOro, 'JT06b] co;maIJaTb 11 ("Q.'qJa![f[Tb rocyilllpcTOO. 1160 IU!CaJlbre 3aKO- HbI. CO:-liI,aHHbIC 3)[I1Kra.\U! MOnapXIII<, W,U fOCY,1.<IPCTliCHHb]1\.1I1 ClIHI.>Ja- MU, Ha..'larallJrt'JI Ho1 IIlI.lL'[ilHHmu 1\11 1"11I1), KaK IIrYIlIt'CTIi.!ICHbl I<;<\I<;<U!- 1JII60 C)'lIc6IGJJI IIpOl\l'll,.\pa IJ,llIIICllbITaJlHe. 11 lJ.O;oro, IffiK <IT1I3aKOllb! IIUlGI.JKyr 0;,6)1 IIO'l.,"<QJLllIIII1MIJ II UJlJTRt'I\TI<Yl{IlIlHM(1 IIpl1pUJle 11 X<\- paJITepy lIapoilll, lLll1 6YllYT Bbl3(,lBaTh IIcYlJ.o6CTBa. O)lIIaKO 06(']'JaH HIIKUIJIiI He I:TaHUHUTor .JaKOHUI, oi'iJ./:-IhlHalOlIlU"] Hape)}l, liU Tex IIUP, 1I0Ka 011 lie fJ}'IICT IICIT(,ITaIlII npoBepell M}'iijJOCT['1O BpeMe1l11.. 11 n03TO- MY B Tt"J{'Ime OCeI"U ;JTOro IIpeMeH11 OH He IIOIXlA.I;IeT H(1KaKUrU He- yno6cTna: TIlK KaK CC.!I11 B IffiKOC'Jll[60 BpeM5I 0110 06I1apyA\lITCJI. 011 lie 6yJ[eT ()()JIee IIpU"leHThC)1. HO ew JleiiCTJille 1Ipt'pIleT(.JI. H OH I:UUT1IeT- CTBeIlIlO yrpaTlfT ,lIOCTOI1IICTBO H cruly 3aKOHa..). , 4Thc(OmK1IIlaw;sarc,,-,onahlc.th...-r:thc,,11OIercalm."PrJl"O\'Cd tlml' out of mmd m th k,ng"s court of record WIUl-h havcJunsd,cuoll ovcr the "hole k,dom, [0 heJ:oOOandpmfuahlcforthccommollwcalth. (Pmccr(II'1II Parllamcnt, 1610,VoI.2.P 175). 'Bl603-W06ITA"'-lI..,nllc""IIII.""-'l/L"l)l(IIOl"Tb/"Cllcpa.uIIOmCOJIIICIITOpa (solicilur-gt'llml).ul606-16I9n'oIl6"",,,,,,ep<L'bElb[M"'P'P,,,,,.,,(..lIaTIfy.d) IIOI1p.UIIJU!I! . .The mlllmon law of Ens]nnd is !\ulhillg.,be but th ("OlDmon ('"s[um uf tlte realm... And thIS ury law IS Ih m""t pe.--fe<.t ami mosl "xl"elnt, ami ,,thout cOlllVaisoo. [he Me [0 make ilild pR"\eI'\'t: a <"OI1II1IOII\\'(',d[h. For [he wrinen la\\"s "11il-hillem."de"ilherbylhet'd'c[sufpnlll.es,orbY("lJunc,lsofsllit.,,reimpo:;edupon thes\'ef"t before any trial or r.mhdim-,ll'lmade, "hether thes,lme he fit and >lJ!rt'enble Iu Ihe nalureMd d;.,!»'tt'..... ufthpt.'lJple,or\\ht'thr tht,- 'I",D bret'd any mfom'ClIIcncc or not. But a cu.tom <loc. ncver hccomc a Iii\\' to h,nd thc pc.-.-,lc UlIt,l,t has been tried IInd IIpt>IO\.... time cu[ cf mind. <luring aU \\ hkh [im tlww drd [hm".... an", no mCOll\'cnIl'l1[C for ,f It had been found mcon\"",cnt at anv t\mc. II had heen usednolol18er,hllt"'ldheeninterrllpted.imd(()llSelJuentlyithadlO<[the'irtlieand forcc of a lau-.. (Da,.,esJ Le Pm""r Rcporl d", C""", ct Milito,; cn Lev Rcsolucs ct Ad'ud.'(cs en Ics COliIT-' <lei Roy en "",land ,,' o,unc mt.t and <lcmocracy An Anthology of politICal Wntlllp; III Stuart England j Ed,too by D. Wootton London, 1!m6_P 131) 
r "lalla !!TIJpa><_ rOCYll'lf'CTHCIIIIIBI (."lpoi, AIILOIIII lIa"""}'IIC fX.'''''-"KJIIIIII 33 COllep)l(.llllle :lK.YP1la.OB Ila.aTbI JIOp.!lOB u Ila.aTbI 0611UIII illlr. JUrncKoro napmlMema DOI\33bIBae'f. 'ITO xapal<TepliCTHKa common !av." KaI< npaBa 06[,['100ro C'IIiTa,ac(, Ca.\!O co6oi1: pa3\'\f(I()IllCt'ICJIo. TOMac Y;J)-!T[lOrK ' (TIwmas WfflI7tvtth, 1593 1641) IJ CBOeM 111>1C1yl....t'HllU Ha .-!aCt'..'li\1I1U[ Ib.Ii\Tb[ OUIlUIII 15 1621 r011<l Db[("lii13bJB,U[ 1,,1t( IiCTlIHY, lie TpIfiyroIl(YIO .nOKa3aTCJI[,CTB: "Conunon law JlBJlJlCTDI 06bl- 'JaCMBL"'3MOIItcc6c KaK np.1BO 06bl'1l1oe U D"It'CTe C TeM i1peBllee I1pE'.J.CTaB..lH.;1 illlr. !mnaoe common la"," D CBOIiX 1JIY,1I,ax Ii npaJlOBe.!l 3.l!)'3pJ1 K)'K B 06palll!;,HI1II K "Y4!;'HIIMY 'iI1TdTeJllO. IIpc,lHap}IK>1IIt'M HlllpylO 'Jacrb t'11) dt'port"', OIlIll[L'a. «ELTb (nlliUpltT EupIlIIILl) rpl[ J[OUpO.![t'Te- !1lI, 3aC.o"fV)l(1IB<1I0UUlC, '!TOO[,] Mb[ i1VMa,I[ 0 mix. 'ITHn. Eorn, lIaIUlI>: POAllTc.;K-ii..naBWIIX HaM )f(J13Hb.. 11- 06ll!uc 3aKOHb] frc1!1tl1; I1OlI.06Hoc JI roBoplO U TOOe (.!IoopbJ!:'[ 'iH1<ITeJIb): {"It'llYJOllI\lM noc.e oofiJalllIOCTH I[ []O'iTem!fl K 501}' I[ ero nm.la3aIIllHKY. M1L'JOCTIIDOMY CYDt'peny. 1J YIJIDI.:LHIUI K pDllllT('.,'UIM C-mliT ,10)I)!(HOC 1104TCHilC It IIOHI1HIIHl't1llC K IlfilllllM aKOHaM AHIJII1U. rdK I\aJ( U:-j I<(;ex .:J3t\Oti!11< (}I 1111<11(1111 0 'le.10Be'lecKnx) <lTI[ JlI!JiJIIO"ICJI lIaIl6C:l>lee np(IfOllIlLJMH I[ uall60;Jee onp<'!1C.rICJIIIWMIt, DC.'IIl'IaiiuJci1: .upt'BIiOCTlI"' B3fJlflll lIa common law KaK Ha 1Ipa6{J 06wuwe npeilIlO,lal-a.r[ II IIOIIIIMaHI!t' era KaK npt'lIHt'IlJ, B TO:lKt' DpeMfi npeIlC1<IDJleHHt' 0 lIeM KaK 0 npaoc t:jJemIe.1I 6WJO CD3aIlO c em TpaKTOBKmi KaK 06bl'1Hom npaBa. 3T[t ,nBC xapaK1CpItCTlIKH common law II031IOrrn,m, H CHOID 04Cpl':lb. Ha:IJaTb cm OCHIlIJaIiIICM - TaKoe nOlUfMaJUfe common 1m\' Bblp<'DKa1 erne allI"mdlcroti1: 6appH- cn'])I«1H11<.! XV Ha'ia!la XVI'!(,'1(3 K'pIl("nKj1CjJCnrr-fepMaH (C1Tm1U(her Sal1Jt-German, 01\0'10 1460- t540). B Hallll(:iIHHUM B 1518 IlJJ\.)' 11(lOI1.i- BCJ].eHIi "llOlcrop l[cry,neIlT, ILlIl Ll,1I<L10lli Me)l(Jl,YJlQJCI'q)O'\I TOOJ'lO' 'r.....,.CCJlIlB.1p16101 , ..The Comll'1 L!" a C""-UJ.II IIHlself (The luum"I.; ofth Houseuf Cummcns. I..ondnIt.It!02V<1J.I.P.665) '..Thereare(saith Euripideo;)lhree ,.jr(l!t':<\\"or[hyollrmooila[iun.tohunullr Goo, nllr parents ,,110 hc.",ilt us. and the commnn laws of Gn..c;:r: the IIkc <10 1 """ to thee (wInle reader) next to thy dllty and piety (0 God. and his anoil'llt<d. thy rnc'OIl_' """"'-11'11. >me:! thy honollr to thy parents y,dd d"" re\CKn<r and ohedimretothecommonla\\"sofEngJand:forofalllaws(l......,kofhllln1ln)theseare mmt cqllal and most certa,n, of great cst ant'qlllly. (Coke E. The Second Partofthc ofSir F..d\\"arcl CoI<c. Knt.. H'sM-jC<tys \uor'lll.y-Gtl.ualjjThe Rcpmtsof S,r EdwarclCoke. Knt. Inthlrtecnparts.lnslxVoillmes. Vol. I Parts I-II London IH26.PV) 
34 IOpltiIII;>.JmcacIIl'K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 1640t660 fllAon I"HH I[ CT)'CHTOM, H3YllaJOll!HM npaBO AHr;mw> OH OTMClIa.,, B 'JaCTHO- CUI, liTO "nepBoe OCHOBaHite npaBa AHrJUU[ COCTaB'IJIeT npaBO pa3y- "11\»1, KOTOIXJC CYIlICCTBYCT KaK o("B <m:>r.1 HDpOQCBCTBC, TIll( 11 BO BCCX .1P)'IlIX KDrOO;ICBCl1n.,(". [JOli pa.1YMOM KPItCTO!Jx'p CCllT.rcpMali "lbIC- JIIi![ B lliIHHOM c.Y'Jae f'(11If'(11/(P1U1b1U pa3)'''I, HetI:'IMeHHblti 11 ClJJ13aH- Hb!li C 3aKOH3UJ npHpo,!lbl. [JPII aTOM 011 BbIi<e.'l.\m 13 npaBC pa.l}'MaBe crenellH: «<npaBO proYMa nCpBll'IIIOfO (the law of leasoJi primary).., YlTi\113H.m1tlaBluet' ()(.HOHOlHUari\II)l1II'le HUpMhl 'Je!IUHt"JeCKOl"Q uUllle- crBa (3aIJpeThI Ha y6nticTBO, "lJKCCBHJIeTe.'lbCTBO, 06tall. lIapyrnelllJe MI[pa II T. n.), H «<npaBo pa3)'"m IITOpllllllorO (the law of reason sl.'(:!moary)>>. K<YllJPOI;', I< (:l<lIl1lll'1l'Pl.'/lb, l\CJlU,'1 Ha "lIpaHII m.Ojll1'JHOlU pa3YM3 06ll\ee» I[ <mapTHK)'""UlpIlOe&2. [Jo CJlODaM K CJIIT.repMaJla, «<npaBa pa.lym BTOplI'JIIOrO 06mee OCII013b!IJa("f('jI I[ npOHCXOill!T }[J onIllcro IIpaHa, Lm UUIIIll1l 06bl'lIDI UJ6crt!CHHOCTI1" \, IIDCKO![hKY "upa- llO co6cTBelillOCT!t UUbIKlloDeIlllo OXpallJ1eTCH llO IJCt:".: c1p<lJlax», "npa- BO 13TOplf'-JHOro "'Ia napTHK)'JmpJloe COCl<llJ.JUleT npaBO, t(QTOpoe npOIlCXOil,lIT OT paJ!III'JH('[X UUUlI1X II lIapTlIKY.'JHpl-lb[)( oGwrncB II OT pa3JI1!'JllbIX npam[. nODe.l!ellIlH 11 CTaT)'TOD, npeJUUlCGIIUlbIX 13 <JTOI KOpOJJt'"J("1re.-. fulrJ!I1ikKHC npaBOBCbI (ffiqa,'IR XVII BCKa nJX'CTIJB..1HJJI[ common l.tw B Ki1'J1:'I.TBt' BOnJ[O\UI;'HI[H UO\!/ft'maelt1t070 pa3VMa. "3ip- KTf!BHl>[M UCHOHaHlieM HOpM, MUIlIOOIJ I[ 3Kn10M, IU1Ca. IIpa- BOBCJlIl)](()1I lloMcpJtl\JK ljohn JJodcleritJfp, 1555-1628), - HlJ.n.IICT- l:.II nWf t'{""!«11\II:'HHOro paJyMa, IKllhIT3Ht10rO 11l1p!KeflHHoro UKK)'C- cllcl1 u apl}'''tl'HTalllll'li J1 Ul"CIIJ,1.<)IIK.J:-\bIIlaI;'TCJ.!, 'JT!llIpalUl (KaK 3TO 6bL0 06bHBJIello npeJK,!le) II33LlIJa(.'"J(' pa.l}'MOM; ne TeM pa3y\lOM. KO- "!llfJhlfr lGUI';.'\blii 'JI;'JIUI<{>K HOCI1T H ce&>, HO I1Ct,.YCCTI<{>HHh]M p<J;i)'tm!; l"<1KIIM pa.iYMOM, KmupblH IIOqX'JUTI<OM )'Ma, 116Y'JCIIUJ.! U l\1LlI"OHpC- I ..The 1ir>1w<>undofthela" uf IIIdl>lhe lawof re"d>""" (5aint Gelman Ch. TheDoctorandStudellt,orDlhet\\'ffllad()("torofdi,'jnityallda_-tmtin thelawsufEnglIlkl.lOlltdtninglhegtuundouflhu:;ela\\"s,t<>gether,'-,lh<jue>tionsa0<1 ca'C' «iCCIT the C<)ulty thereof / Rc,.,SC{! and «om:cttd I1y W,U",m Mllchall Cincinna[i. 187iJ.P. 12). 'lh,d_P 12_13 '_111el;w. ofa-.eoondotI)'re.1SCmgeneral isgroun<l...-J a,,<I.-IeIi\w <ithegeneral law.mgeneral custom of pmperty. (,b,d_ P 13) . 4Thela\vofleilSf' '<crondano- partocula,.;sthe law that is der"'ooofrll\'er< customs».nernlandpartlcular.andofd1Vl'I>;maXHnsandstatut",orua,nffill,thIS alrn.(ll)]d) 
r"lalla IITIJpa><_ nlCy.Io'f'CTI'(-IIIIII;1 (."lpoi, AIILOlllllla"""}'lIl' fX.'''''-"KJIIIIII 35 MeIiIlOJ:'! npaKTHKH CTaIlOBI1TCflllC'KYUlh[1 D neJlax mOlleH ..t- ' . 113 npH- Be)J,eIIllOro BHCNI3NBa]UIfI JlDCTD)'eT. '1TO l()((ollllo1l,lIepHn)l( C\lmpe.'J lIa CCTeCTBC[III(,]ii pmYM KaK lIa cLlpJ.ellOli MaTepua., 113 KOTOporo npotpeCCIiOlla%]I[,K' KlpIICTIil nO.Y'-JaIOT C no[ow:[,[()cnCl!Ita"i('II('IX npH- CMOI< pa.ryM I[CK}'CCllJ(;l-IHbJii. COCTIlI1![J!lOlIlllii. no era MHN-fIUO. HaCIj)J{- lI(l'C OCHoHaHl1C (:lnllmon law. B (.IIUIO 0'lept''I1>, HCTOKII ecre<'THeHHoro pa;;Y"Ii! ll)((QH llo,'U[",- pJlilJK yn.laTPI[ffiLl D.JaKUl-lilX IIpIlPO.'lbJ I[ D OUUUlX OUbJ'i&lX AJll""Il!u- CKOro. KOpO_CBCTBa' (' lJCKYt'CTBCHHb[M pa3y\fOl>t ClliI3b[Ba1! cmnmon law AHrJ[1II1 11 IIjJ;;I<OIJ(.')[ 3;!..)Iilpi! KyK. B ucpl<lJii 'JatHl UJOHX d1HcnnYIOIII>, Ollyfl- JIIIKOllaHHOl11111epllhle 1\ 1608 nl}!..)I, OH 1It1!.:a. 0 TOM, 'lTO "pa;;YM (XTb )l(1[3Hb npiUJi!, &mee TUro, (:ummon law caMO no(:eUe eCTb He 'JTO I[HGe, Kill( JJil3Y"t, n06bITUll nOJlil1M II])"M:'IIHJ. Ha6mo1!eHUeM I[ OnbITOM, a lie ecTeC11Jt'iIllLIM pa.1YMOM KIDKI10ro 'le'JODeKGI. TaK KaI( nemo nasC'ltur anifex (III[KTO lie po>IUIOC'TCJI pC1.lcc"leJIIIltKoM). 3roT npaBOBoJ:'! pa.1YM cst summa ratiO (JlB.rlflCTCJI B(,]CLLIHM pa.1Y'fOM). Ii 1lO"'I1O\1Y. CC.ll1 BCCL pa:'JYM. piIO.'t;JlI-IHL[H no MHomf pa.l_U'JHbJM ffi'lOB3f>l. III-Ilrrb BOC- i\UHO, pa.'II<C HC "tOh.CT OH ClI:-\}lilTb TaKfIC IIp;iHO, KaK llpalill Allr.um, T'dK K<\K IlO(pelCTlJOM }l.'1I1HHUU 'Jt'pei\hl CTlI.'ll-nni 011 i'ibJ;J Y;J}"JllleH U YCOBepWellCTBOnan MII())]If'C"J'B(]N aBTOpllTeTIILIX I.J Y']eIlLIX lllollew. I.J 'lCpC3 AomoBpcMCIllIh[H OnLIT nOCTur TiIKOro COIJl'pIllCHCTIJ'I. JLIUI yrr- p;iB.'Il'Hltii 3TUM KOpO.'lCBCTBOM, 'lTO 3TIIM MO)((IIO cnpallC1WI.JBO n01l- TliCjJ}[I1Tb CTapJIHHOC IIpal<UJlO Neminem nportcl esse ..aplCJltlorcrD I",,glbu...t: "Hu UJU1H 'Je;JlII<{>K He ClIlJCoOeH (<:HOII'-t UK)(::lueHHblM 'Jiln- :;) 6b[Tb YMHee, 'leM npaBU, KUTOpoe eCTb <:uDt'pllJt'HlTllO I ..The eff...Lent c,,"se of Rules, Gruund" and ,o\»u!ne:. is the light of nltur.ill "","on me<! and sifteclllpon d,,tdl:lOn and "'WJITIeI1I: AnJ hen<. IS ,t. that th w (as hath bin befol'ededared) isca11ed "'1<'1I1. not for that . man c<ln <omprdJmd [he S<l1l"'; IruJ. ,t is.utdIidl reasull. Ihe rel1>On ohudl.'" by their \ITht'dome. "'-triiing, and 10Ilge-qxriffirt>s <Ire skHfI,l1 in the affaire; ofl!len... (lJot1tfmtJw'j. 111e Eng1i.h Lowyer ribln,g"me\hodful'them"'mgjngoftheLowesofthisLaIlJ.AnJn,g thclX"[qua11tICSrcql]l_"tcmthcStud{litPrac[lZcrJuiandFa[hc",ofthc""""" Lonrlun..I631 PU.!). '4A Rulcor Pnnclp1cofthc LawofE.l.:land.lSaC,lIdIlSlonc,thcrofthc Lawof Nature.orden\'ed fromsomegenerallctNOrne..sed within t11e Realrne.containingin a ,;hortsumrncthcrcasonandd,rcctlOnofrnanypartlCularandspe<:m1Ioccnrrenc"". (ih,d.P 1')3-154) '«Reason IS the hof the Law.naylhecommon Low.t sel IS nothmebe but rcas(>n,\\hchlStobcUI-.du>tood()fanartlficla1Ipcrfc<.:tlOn()frC"-<;()I1.ttenbyln 
36 IOpltiIII;>.JmcacIIl'K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 1640t660 fllAon TpaKTOBKCI common 1m\' K.1K Ilpima, 6a;mpy[Owerocflllil IICK)'CCT- BCHHOM, a He 1-13. CCTCCTBCHHOM pa.1YIC, lIal!a!la 3.-'IY3I\I1Y KYKY BO:-I- MO)l(HIK:Tb n61JCHOH;\HHU Hl[-Ip<tI<.<;Tb upon!1< IIpUCIJOCHllj.I 1\OfX)'I-e"! CY- ne6nb[X llo.lllO\!O'lIIi:'t. B 1607 rollY 11.1 Kon4JepelllUIlt Kopo..leocKHx cY.l\Cii H 'LlellOB Taillioro COBCTa \lC>JUy KOpo..1CM RKOBOM I I[ 3. Ky- KUM BOOHI[K CIiOp 110 BOllpocy 0 roM, 1["leeT ..'111 KOP')'lb IIp"olOOMO'-ll1e rdMOJlWJHO pt'llJ,ITb ile."Ia lIiI OCIIUffiUII!H common lilW. RKUB II"OBupH.1, 'JTO OH 06.3JlaCT TIlKHM IlpaBO\lO'-lIIC[, IlOCKO..'JI,(,.")' IlpaBO, KaK CfY i\y"taI!JOI. 0I..1-IOIIaHO Ha pa.1YIC, a OH It llJ>yn!c JUO)\U 06'1a,,(al."T pa.1Y- MOM B 1<IKoii)l(e "!epe, K.1K 11 CY.l!blt»'. 3nyap.1l KYK OTBe'la.'J 11.1 <ITa, 'HO 50r :tri'ICTBIITe.Lno aaaplin ero Be..1IPleCTBO 6'JeCTI1I11IC1.m 3]IlliUfflMH 11 HC.UlKII"!llIpl1pll)[Hbl"U! Ta.rlilHTa.\!u. co,{HilKII ell) I<CJlII'J(X 111I1 He Y'-lt'H B .J.U\Ot1iIX (.Buero AHl"..'uniCKoro KOpu..'JeBlTIJa II B .l!eJ[iIX, KOTOpNe Ka- CalOTCfI )l(H3111f. (J.I[ lIaC,lCHOIJaIIlUl, ll.m Bcurcii, ILll1 6.rrnr0c0cr0srmUi CBOI!'I{ 1I0iJ.i!al1lILIX; OHI! He .1lo.UKHLI pcwaTLCH C IIOMOIl!IAO CCTCCTOCH- 1101"0 pa;;YMa, HO J!ltlllb IIOCpt',1,CTIJ(JIIIltcK)'CCIlJt'fIIiUro pa;;YMa I[ cY.l!e6- 1101"0 pewelll15l1l0 3aKOII)', KOTOpbIH npt'llC1<IIL'lIK"f co6orr aKT, 1pOOyi0- l!tufi !1.0;n"OHpCMCHHoro I:JY'JcHlt}[ 11 Ollbrra IIpC)l(,lle, '1eM '1C..'JOBCK CM())I(eT j((JCTl1'Jb enl '-1HaHI}U', CXOJI,lIbIH C B033pellIDIMlt 3,;ry;ip.;ta KYjq\ B3r;UlJllla common law l1MeJI TOMac Xi>J:l.m;fio. B naplJID,J(:'I-fI'CK(li pc'-ll[, npar.llil'Cf11110ii28 UlOID! '""-ty,"'ation.a"de'<J'ncnce,an<'"ntofeverymansnaturanrca-"on.for,Nemo ">lSCltllT artlfl'x. ThIS l";1al1 .-cason, est summa ratIO, And mu",,", If all th ...,>lSon that ..<I''I'C,...jImtosomany""ur.dlhcarlsweTCllmtcdHltonne.yercoulrlhc"otmakc sUl"'aL"'liStheLlwofll.!is,Le<:an",bYIIlJ]I\'SUC{of"#,'tl",,hbeen fincda.ndrcfincdby""mfinnl'numbcrnf"ravc""dll'.irncdml'n,andbyloC"'<pCI1CID' gruwfletosul.h"perfe<:!I[III.rorthe»:n-ofthi,Realme"'theoldrulell1dV Justly vl'nficd of It, N"mml'm opurtl't l'sse S3J1,cnt!OI'CJfl Icgibus, No man (out IIf hIS O\\lle pri"ate reru;on)OI,ght tu be wi",r than the LI\\. \lhich is Iheperfe<:!l<JIIuf reason,. «(:ok E Th Fir.,1: Part uf th Irutl!lI!e' of the Llws of EJ1J1,I md Or A Comm I'IW'\' llpon lJrrklOO not the 1'k1me ofthe Mlhoronly. bUI of the L11!" it selre. The Fillh Ed\!iUII.lI""'-'-"<1 London Anno 1656, P 971» , TheT\\FDth Partofthe RFports"fS;r Edward Colw. Knt Ofdi"er.; resollltions ami Jrnl#ment.. given upun ....a.m., mnenls, an<l \lilh great Delibera[ <III ami ConlcrulCCw.th the l-C'IrnuI..JUi 111 C,,-,l'S of 1..0.", The moot ofthem wI}' F11I01IS, beeng of [he King (',pedal Ro1t1t.'11ce li"Om the COlilleil Table ConcernilJ,g lhe Prl'f<1.l'\a!l"l'_Thc-""Condcdmon Londnn,1677 P64 , But his I'<-y was not learned in the L11\'S of his Realm rn EngIanr1. and callicswh,chconcl'mthl'hf..,ormhl'ntancc,m"ood"orfortuncsoflnsSlII-!I"<-""tS;t'hcy arel1ottohcde......-b-tl1ynaUJrall.-ca-"onhllthytheartific'al..-casonan<'Jl1dgmcrltrn Llw, winch Llw IS an act ,tllch rcqIllTl" lostudy and cxp<'nencl', bdo", that a man canattamtothccogmzanccofIt.(lh,d) 
r"lallallTI)pa><_nICY,Io'f'CTI"-IIIII;I(."lpoi,AIILOlllllla"""}'lIl'fX.'''''-"KJIIIIII ';fl 1610 I1Ij[a, OH 1J1l11t'}!t'.'II1.r1 'ITO IlpaH() Kat< "1J;J:i)'MHbIii ufibI4au, Ile[i- CTBYKJ!lU!i1 DO HCt?1 l\opo'lt'BlTBe, 11{llb[TdHHI>!! Bpt?!eI-ll'M, alle4aT- JlCHHbIfi B 3.1lll1CI1 KOpo..lCl!CKOm cyJl3., 06J[a.!l.1IOIIICm 1O))I1CJ1,11KtlllL-ii no Bce,,\)' KCIpO.!lCOCTBY. nplI.3Ba1l11bm: IICCTH ll06po I[ BblI"OllY il-'l\I rocy- napcrnat>'. none ilTHX (".lOD Xe,Vjt'iI3i1teTIL1: nO{l(()..lb[()' oUb],>afi eCTb 'faCTb ern O!Jpe.1.e.,'Jt'1Il15I common law. 011 lie 01ll116ercR, ecJ]IJ olewaeT ;ITU np,mu C OUb]'><IeM, "KOTOpble p<l3.'III'J<lIUfGI TilK JKe, KaK (t("K)'Ccr- l!Clllib[fi p.13Y"llJ IThlblC ''')ClleJ[CHTbl» nJ111 Tf(J.\! OH l!blpa3JtJl "!HL'I-IIIC o TOM, '>TO <Oo1TO'UIO CKfllaTl, 0 Icorrunon lawl KaK 0 I"O.'JOM pmy- Me, 110 OHO :{C).'j"KHO npOlITIi npllBCpK)' pa.1YMON, TO CCTb JI}"JIIlH.\! pmy- MOM lIJ1H KBHlITXCeIWllei1 pa3yM3. - pal)'\lO. ItcnbITIUIlIb[M I[ npH- ;maHHb]!\-! "lyn.pocTbIO DpeMt'HI1, 1It'lipepbIDHb[MI[ B Te'Jt'HIlt' MHOrl1X l<eKOHfi.ilaI1lMlIl<hll"Oj[1I111IJUlI"()(]!:1.<Jp("n>ap". TUMac Xell.'ldl, TaK:lKt' KaK U 3J\'yap,1 KYK, Mblc,;UlJ] (.ummun law B Ka'JCCTBC HOMCHa, COC)J.ItIDIlOI1\Cm B cc6c lJCI..'YCCTBI'I1l1b[fi palYM lJ 06u'IIlJL 01l]G\K0 ec.lJ 3. KYK 1lpe.1¥T.ID.'lIL 06b1'Jaf[, COCTIlBJrnnWlrn HiI.jXJ (.ummun law, Helt3Mellllb["I, TO, 110 MllelllllU T XeJl,..le, lliUlllb]i1 OUbI'iaJ[ lI:OJDIIftl 6bU! Mell5lTbc.ll C Te'-Jelll[e1<1 npeMeliu EJ[113KOii K oo:J,:IfIet1l[1O TONaI.<I Xe.n.le.I Ha common law 6bU[a TO'lKa 3pCl1lUlllpaBoBC;{a J];Kl:Uffi J]9BltCa. TIolIlIMaHuc ("(mln)(m law KaK upal!;; U6hl'lHIII1I JliIl<a.J11J nCHOlJa- IIHe AiUl np[uamrn eMY Bb[CllIei110pUlUi'leruof[ ClI.),[ no OTIIOlllellltiO K aKTaM annlmicKoro napmlMCIITa. "KorM lIallUJ nap_aMe!lTw, OT- Ml''-J<I.I[  J]OJ!lltc, Il(llpil!I.IJlU 1t.lllllr.-J'\It'H}UU KaKlte-..'1I160 JYH- lli!MeIlTd.'JbHb[eoco6eIIHOCTII (.ummon I..w, ilTlIII(Upan..leHml OKil.3b[B<I- JII1CI> lIa IlpaKTUI{(' CTO.'JI> IICY.l\06I11>]MH il-'UI I"OCYMPCTBa, '>TO corrunon law lIa .l\CJ[C OrulTb BOCCTaHaIl.llI1l!aJ[OCb B TCX )1(1' ca.\!bIX OCo6eHHOCTHX B noc.'JeH)'IolJllle lJeK.l nocpexrllO"'- .l!pynlX nap.1aJ\-lenTCKlIx aKTOB"', I .1 'lll now define II thus: the l(lilliUJI la\\ "" "",,",...ble IJS<3#. thru the\\11OIell"31m.aptJl"(M'dtimeoU(ufmindint11eking'scourtufll"Cord"hkhhave jurisdil"tlU))u\'erthewh.oIeklln.tobeguod"lI<lprofitablo,forthe(UlI.)ItDA.."l1!h (Proo.erding;m Parllllll"l",t. 16HJ.Voi 2 P 175). '.Bul here Lec..u.e I must mike .."Ium II pm"t in my definition uhhe ('u,nmon I"". I wDuld not be m..ukuI. as thoUJ:h I meant to confound the common law ,,,th ('lNOIiJ ,,1Ikhdiffer<I5muchasaltifid1lIreMilillldool'eplbeJeilts.{ibid). . .,( IS nor('no to say lcommon lawl to hcharcly reason, hut It must bemcd reason.thatis,thebestreasonortheCJuillte'W'l",ufR'"l>Oll.reasontriedillldallowe<1 hythe"1SdomoftllneformanybK¥'th<l"tobeguod"ndprofuableforthe COIDIIlOIJWCalth.(ih,rl) '«\¥hen ourparlmments have,,1teredmchacc1 IIny fundament"l pomts uf the ('()mmon law. those ..1tmuru< have hccn found hy ""f'l'"CIlCC to be ",convenient for 
38 IOpltiIII;>.JmcacIIl'K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 1640-1660 fllAon nO.l!oono T. Xe1J.,..le]O, ll1K. fumoc C'JIlTa. 06b1'faii, COCTIlIL'lIIDlliI1l[ COJtC!)}/(3H11C conunon 1m\'. BO[UO[I1CHHCM IIcKyn1'BCHHOm pa.1YMa, H IIpU;i1 H<.'06X(J;'UUllIlTb t'11I11.:JIlIt'Hl'H\11 C TI.'4CHlIl"'l IJpCll'Hu. COBpeMeIUJ(,]U allrm[l[cK!tu IICropHK [.lCIIII Ei.1Jrecc, npoallaJm- 3HPOBaB B3rMlll(,I 311yapmi KYKa, TOMaca XC'iJ:.'IC5I11 ll)l(ona ,lIpBHca Ha L:urnrnon law. IIpmlle,l K Bb[BU.n.y 0 TOM. 'JTU nOC'JelHl[M CiUDOM B CDOeii KOlluenUHH <JTOro Ilpima Olll! C4lffil1111 He oUbl'-ial[, a pa.1)'M, IlOCKo.bK.Y 6bl'1I1 y6c-CIU,[, 'JTO «HUKL\KOIi oobJ'l.afi I-IC ),!or CJ\CJ[aT(, MKOH :1.dic1IJIITC.lbHb!M, cc.,m OH HaXfIIIIUCH IJ KoHIfL1IIKTC C pa3}'\IOi; 06bI'Jal[ 6bLl cpellCTBOM OTKpbhllJl paW[OllaJlbllbIX npJtllW[IlOB, IUlH aKClIOM, a lie a.1('TepnanlDbI H!"I. Ha ca\lO\! ile.e, onpC.1e'JIlTb. KaKO' MY KI ;IHYX :-CJCMCHHIIJ cllmnum law ra:i)fMY 1I.'l11l1fibI'IaKI H<;:iH;;H- HbIe Ilpi1BUlJ!O!IbJ IIplt.J<lBil...UI 6u,lbwee ;ma'JeHIlt', lQItt:plUt'HHU HIOB03- MO)I(JIO. OcJIODOIi aJln1llliCKOlU common law 0!1lI C'UlTiLll1, C O.1HO" CTOJ)()JU,[, ll[W(' TOT pa.1YI, KOffJ(JLlii BOn;JOm3.7ICR B oU(,!lIae, a C llPY- rol[ CTO))()JlbI, TOJ[bKO r.u..uii 06b['JaIJ, h.01flpbUl Hec D ce6e pa.1YMl\b]e IlpaBla nOBel\t'IIHH. lit' c.1Y'Jai"mo ToMaC XelL'JeH lIa.3bIDiIJI <lTO npaoo ..pmY),!HblM OUb['I.aeM (Tc3.onahlc custmll)1> TIpUlm.JbIlJ;UI P,UYM, p<UT),laTpHI<<lHIII\1iic)) H Ka'Jt'(THeO(.HOHOll(J.a- raJOillero <l,lC),!CIITa common law, K 06bPlalo, KOTOPb]U Bcema JlD.'lIIeITH B cml)' caJ\toH CaoeH npHpollb[ TBOPC]IHCM HC Oilllora KaKOro-.'1I160 'Ie;IUDeKa, HO Ml-IOmX ..'JlOlICKIL'\ IIOKO.U'IUli\, aHr.11[!CKI[t' IIpaIlOIII"JU,I CUJ.ilaffiJ..,ll! TeM CaMb[M 1I01crP[!l1i1...1blu,[e npemIOCb!.KH lLfI TpiIKTOIJI\H aHr.'JIIicKora common law KaK cODoryrrnocTH IlpHIJJOB H HopI, BO.1H[Kllldi H paliJlHalO[l1d1CJ[ l-IC3am1n!MO OT Hlp:illiJHOII rocYJlap- CTDe[IIIOIJ Macr!t. B COOIO 04epe!lb, I!MeIlIlO C1peJ<Lelllle IlpellCTaBHTb commolllm>.' B Ka'iecme caMoliOBJIelOllICH IlpaDOlJOii ClICTCM(,] JlILe- HII)), Hit/[ K!JrUphlM l1eT CYl<epeHa - IlU'Y"'-IiI.illl aHPlm1CKHx IIpaHoue- HUD lIepBt>lX .l!eCflTJt.t'THi\ XVII DeKa OIlHt.I>IIJaTb ero B IlOHflTJlflX I!C- Ky-CCTBC[IIIOro pa.1YMa lJ 06['J'JIDI. ().ImIUlIIO, 'ITO TaKOC OnltCallHC 6['l'JO C,1lJIllKOM YM£J.1J)I!TC.1bHb[),i, OHO I-IC OTJ11\W3.!1O 1l0JI.,uIlIllOii HCTopJlH IJ03HHKIIOBeHIlI] lJ pa3DlJTI1.II common law 11 He p'j(')()JbID<LIIO I!CTI[HHO" the rummon'M'/l1I1I as that [he ('ommonla", has in../Je..1 beelll"t'S[ured again. in [he sam(' POIntS. hv mher 3U.' of parllamcnt 111 'ill<:Q...,ru _,. (Da,e.,.f Le Pr'mer Report des C"I>t'S et I\tanm en Ley Resoll1es et Adi(ldges enles C.n\1I'tS del Roy en Ireland,,' Div\Il" TW1( and doroocrni:y An :\mhollqy of ",,!luca1 Wnml.': 111 Stuart Fi.gt-nd.P 132) I Burgess G The Po],(lCS of (he Anc",n[ Cons!ituuon An IntroductIOn to Ehsh Poht,ca1 Thouh[, 160::\_1642_ umdon, 1992_ P .53 
r "I1Ia IITIJpa><_ rnCYllilJ'CTHCIIIIII;1 (."lpoi, All, ""11 ..aKa"}'"'' fX.'IIIV[lOIIIIII 39 em CYIIIHocn1 C TlJl1 TO'JKU '->jl('l1l1}1 aH.--.luiicKUt' IIIlbl I<hlCIY- 11i!.11! B {lJOflX IJh[O"WhlliaHlmX, IIUCtl5lIlLt'HHhJX l:ommon law, B Uw[],- llIel[CTeneHI[ KaKIIJIOOJIOrn, HeH<.t'll[)"!eHble. Jr<J OILl'HK<J 11l"(J()('HHII Cllp<JI<C;'IJlI1I<3, Ha MOn H.JI.l.JI L, 110 <rrHOlllC' HIIIIJ I\: 3JlVap/[y KYKY, KUTUPhlU CIapa."fC}I IlPOIIl.'ClII H (.HUlI.' npomlBt'- IIt'HILlJX luellJ 0 ro"l, 'iTO pmYMHb[e 06bl'ial[. l:ocraBl18IlJl1e OCHUUY cmnmon law, ycraHlIRWIUCb IJ HC.ialla.\lJfTHbllJ BpCIt'Ha 11 C TCX Ullp Ha IjCt'M 111J1IT}I)I(l'lmu I1{TIIIJUII AHIJ]1II111ITallall1{"b HCH:n!t'HHblMU.lLl}l 1I01lTlIep)l(.1.t'HItJ1l1plllte-'Lt'IIHOii "!b[("'J1I 3. KYK ITI>I 'I,I..'IO'J Ha .iiI'\K''JaHIlt' l{>KoHa cDlJpn'cKbJl) U(Jhn FrR1R.<rue, oK.1390-1400 IIOC.!IC 1476), Cjtt'.t.aHHOt' 11M I< CeMHiV[II<ITIII1 .--;laHt' KHIIIl-1 <,Dt' LaulI.hus le,gum Al1J;(lire ([loxll<JJ[a 3aI\IIH"oIM AHr;JI!I!)'" On[eTJlII, 'JTO AHr>ll[f[IKlIe KU- 1)()!ICI<CTI<O OblJlO H IlCfil<hlli pal :IaCl';ICHO 6pJIIlaJIIII (Bnl.lIns), IJ!lOC- 'IC;'ICTHIII1 )!{t' YIlpatJ !JI111I!.b PI1"'JUlH3Jl.111, IIIllUM IIII}lTh 6PIlTT<JIIUI, 13 HI1MI[ 1\OPQ'It'lICTBOM ILli1,1lt',11[ caKCOHl1b[, IIlll'')t' l'aKCUHUt'B - /[ilT'-JaHt' II, HaJ.."OHC1lllpHUUII HOJnI3H.JU(b[. 'ibU IIOTOIKIi YllpaB.IJUrrr AHIlIIdi U 110 Hac-mJlUll'C I<fX'MJl. <DopI(,-'('KbKJ :-IaJ.JIJiUlJI IaJICC; 4B TC'It'HItl' Bcel'!;> ;:!Turn IlpeMt'HII, B K(JfUpot' JtOMI1HllpoIJ<L11! He<.KOJlhKO Hapo/[OR II I1X KOIIO..'lI1. .4w..iUH ynpaB.'lSI."ffiCb TCM HC MCHCC TaKl1MII :>KC ofj[,Jlja51"U!, :::,:i:':I'I;;:::HI:H(bl: o::::l't'H:; :>Ka-a 11CTHHHOro ytHIIJ{ 3 KyKa. OH HCOilHOKpml-IO 1U1Ca.Jl B CBO- IIX IIPOIl3Hl'J!.CHltJlX ofj aHmlUlCKmi COIlUllOIl law KaK 0 J'"IC=iYJlbTaT€ :l.t'ITC.bll(J("l.1I MJ-1OAl'CTI!iI "aH'mpltTeTHbJX 11 Y4ellblX JllOjll'm>, KOTo- p[,[C Ha npOnJ:>KCHIUI "IL1HHllOii  CTO.'II'Tllfi'l> yJl)"JIUa-'JI[ H co- BC}IJIICHCTI\CIHa-UI cm A TaKM xapaK1'l.pllCTllKa cmlllllOll law }!HHO 1I1I)[p<t->ylll€!-J<l.Ia 1I0HUMaHHt'ero I< K<!'Il'CTHt' UpaH<J, t,OT()J)l"'ty IIP'1(YIli<! H3MCII'JltBOCTI>. o 'roi, "l'm aHLU1ficK()(' cmnrnon law Ha IIpOnJ:>KCHIIH ClU}lcu[fi IIIICT()}IHHU Mt'I1J.IJ]OCb. ll\1Ca-'IH I<(J HpeMt'II<J 3JlYapil<J KYK<J MHOll-!t' IIpa- 00IJe.U>L Tal{. B 1616 1"01IY lI,MIH Ceo.lJleH Uohn Selden, 1584-1654) 'IUrr:>l.Ul!J. CunlllK'llll'hun uf(h L,,,",, uf Ekind jTnlJlshlliun m[u Elish of "Dr l..aud,h\JS l..cj(Um A!1g11<e" hy Fran"s (OnJ:or 1..<IIb.. 1917 P 27 3,\l'ap. Ky 1I1ITlq>yt'Tllplllil'.'I.elIHDelJble"K"l.IbIBdllllell>KuIIH iI>opTe<'blOtlllJX'alIl10Bllll KIUK'TOii "aCTIl "BOil>: 4Reports. C,,_, 'Ine S, I'an ohhe Reports ofS,r Edward Coke, Knt , 111e Rt'portsoJ Sir Edward Coke. Knt In thirt""l1 I>"rt<_ In si w1umt'S_ Vol. 1.l'art_' V_VI l.nndon, 1826_1' IV-V , C,,_, CnkP E The First Part of the In'Ututes of the Lau'_' of F.....:Ja.nd_ Or A Commentarv llpon LittktrHi. not the name uf the Author only, but uf the Law d: "elfeo. 'TheHflhb:huon,COrre<.:tcd_l.nndon Annolti56.P97h_ 
40 IOp'Llil n,mC"'.UI'Kn. alll-..mCK<I1I fX.'''O,![JOIII'" 1640-1660 TllJ\un 06pallliLl DIIHMaliHe lIa <rfOT lIenpe,lOJKIIb]jj I[CTOpH'Je(1I.lIil 4klKT D CDO- HX ",3m.l('1lG!X I-/CI "TIOXHa.IY 3aKOHa!>1 AI-D!n[I1" OJpa J]JKOHa <Dc1[lT('C- Kblll (Note on Sir John Fllrte;nw De Laud,bu Legum AnWI<le)&. KiiK nOCTOHlIIIO palBHlkllJllleecfl flIL1ellHe Cc.;w:ell npeACffiDJlJ!Jl anrm[jjcKoe common law U B .apynnc CBO[IX '(I. TIO.l!OOnLlli B31"JlHJJ; lIa <lTO np,u>u IIpOBOJUL'I1I B CDOIIX Tpynax )IHOfl[e aHr>llIf[(.KHe IIp<lBUBt'lIb[ XVII BeK,I. o.,lIIilKO 3.l!}'ilpn K}'I\ np0.!l().,lJK<l-l nponoBei1OBilTb ItJlelO em HCI[3MCHHOCTl[. O'lCBlt;l,Ho, <iffi OH C03JI3.TC![LIIO IICKIDlaL![ I[CTlIII- H)'lOCYUlHOCTbcolDlDonlaw TIO.l!OO[Ib!M )l(e 06paJOM HCK.lJK."l'lacb I[ ca!'>kl llCTOpllil common law. B npenllC,,10BI1I1 K lpeTLei:'t 'IOCTl[ ",Reports& 31ly::ipll KYK YTIK:'p)K- Ila!l, 'JH), un em MHt'HIIKI, "llllCTa'm'fHIJ illll\a3aHlI, <ill! 3aKOHbl AHI .'IIIlI W'JaiI.iIRJf Ha"JHoro 6o![blllei1.apt'BHotTblO, <ieM T<I, 0 KOropOH coofurtaeTcH. II KORJpOii 06.1:aill\JOT KOIICTlnyI1HH IL11I ItMncpcKHe 3a- KOII},[ pJtMCKl!X IIMllcpilT0I)()BIJo' AHr.llliicKHii IIpaIJoBCJ, HC Mor He 110- III[M,ITb, 'JTO i10I1YCl(ileT B nillIlIOM c-'J.I"Ji1e {".1I[1lIMJ'I.! 6o!lbllloe npe}'Be- JlIJ'JelllIe. I1UG!_1IiL'tu!e,,! I1CTIIHHIIII (:YIlIHO(:"flI COlltl!lO!t Ia\\' f'iblJJ!I\1110H11Ma- HIIC t'11I H Ka'Jl'{TIIt' IIpaHa, upoflcn.'KaKIIlIt'llll1;i 6n)l\t'l.TliCHHblX \1I1PI1- poll]ILIX 3aKOIIOB. CmlKep Ila.rJ:aTb[ 061l11U1 PH'tapn OIlC.'JO)' (Rlc1wrd Onslorr.') roBOpH. B 1566 I"OlIY B CBOCM BbICl)'I"L1CHlUJ B nap.1Ja'\l(;IITe o TOM, 'JTO common la'" AHI.'IlIikKOro KUpUJlt'IKTBa "'()(H0Ilat10 H<l3a- I(Oliax OOJKbl1X II IIpllpo.!lllbIXoI>, II "'JlB.'[jU:'TC5I He HH3WItM, a CKopee Bb[CWUM, 11 6o.r[cc 6ecnpllClpacTHb[M, 'JCM IG!KOc'JIH60.npyroc Ilpaoool>. TImo\lY 'JTO, IIO}[CH}[![ 011, HamCCOJDmon law, XO!}[ 11 IIpcJlyCMaT- p(!-DaeT ilMI MOJl3.pXa Mllom MOllapJillIX npeporanm IJ npIlDlUen[j:' He HIL'lIK"fCH TIlKItM, 'ITO Monapx \IO>Kf"f 6paTb ,llCllLnI M.1lJ JJPvnre BeIl1I1, UllJ re;an,. '1lU XO'lt'T 110 Cl<oet'i eO.lle 6e3 CoWlIOJ[ellll}l IIIpI. I Ct.OO3TOM.  G. The Poli(icsofthe Ancient COINt!.u(ion. P.63-67. 'll111nk il is SlIlIil"l"nII.I' pr"'-Nllml th laws uf EI.ghlld me uf ..u{h WI' Iff ilntiq\,ity than the.l'are repnrted to he andthaniln.l'theOV1'\Ututimt<orla\\'silp"ill of R"mm Emp.-ror.. (The Third Part oflh RpurlS of Sir &h,-.m! Cok. KnIo., Her M :\ttol"lIl.y.ccllcr..1 The Report, of 'I" E<I\\'","(\ Cuke. Knt_ III EnglISh, m thin_, p<ll1s <OInIet... "1\h r8tfffol.... (0 ..II (he allcienl and InOOem books of (he la\\. Vo1.2_Londun,l777 PXh) 'A CompleatjollnlaloftheNo\('!;.Spet'("he'and hothofthellollseof Lords and House o[ CumlllOm thmu;::hout the whule ReW' of Queen Elizabeth, of Glnnn!'-' Memol)' Cnllcrroo by that Fmlllent Mcmhcr of Par1lmcnt S'I" S,mond Dew."" Barun PubllSh'lI by Paul Bowes. {)fth loolldJle.Tcmpk Esq Londun, 1693 P 115 
r "I1Ia IITIJpa><_ rnCYllilJ'CTHCIIIIII;1 (."lpoi, All, 01111 ..aKaIl}''''' fX.'IIIV[lOIIIIII 41 C:-J[I 3'l..voIPJ[ c:Dl<JIUIIC, .J3HIUI<\IiIIllIi:i I< 1603-161 I lo,!a'l: JIO,/I}KHOCTh UIl!l(epa nilliUbl oGuuni, lia.;l!>[l!a.'[ B cooeii lIiI{Ll<wetfJuIOIl pe'il[ 7 1[10- IIJI 1604 1'Ql\3 T])H BIVla npaBa, rn..'lCTBOM KfJ1(1)()I"(I <OoynpaB.'ISICTCJ1 KrJPaG.% aToro rocYllapCTlla {commonwealth)>>. Ha ncpooe Ml'CTO OH CTaDlU <Oo("ommon law, OCIIOB<llllloe lI.m npOHCTeK.110illee 11-3 001Ke- cmenlloro npana, TIpana ll[ TIpana npHpollb!, lie nOlIDep)l(en- HbIXI1JMeHelilm"H,I. Co:n-iaTC.lbHO pacllpocrpaHml IiCKa)f(eHHblC 1I1)(',11"(3H.JlCliliH 06 I!C' TOPHI! II CYlUI10CTlt conunon 1£1\,," CBOCro POM '-11141 ::froro rlpana 3HrJlI1iicK[tC npaBOB.'JILI ncpBbIX .l\CCJ1T1I.CTllii ::\'VII BCK3 }lTBC(TK1J;lIII! reM Ca,\lbIM lIeJ I[ BepxoDeIlCTBO ero rlpHlll\linOB D lopn.l\Ii- 'IecKuli KOt-tcrpyRUlU[ rorYilapCTDe[lIIoro crpoJ1 AHrJII1I!. Commun l<M. "rlhJllLm,lIlCb Hi! IICHOH3H\1\1 'l"nlX llpl:J[(T31<.'IClillil JlY4UIHI>t 110 CHIIIIM Ka'leCTlIoIM, 6<uee IIplll1l)[Hbll>t WI}] pt'IYJmpUBilHIl}lI<:;aI1MIIOTIIUllleHuii rlOJIJ].aHHblX C rOCY:I,apC11'lCHHoi1 a;JaCT(,[() I! palJIWlHb!X rocyn.apCTBCH- II('IX opraliOB Me)lQ1Y co6oti, '!eM K.1Koe'..'IIJ60. APyroe npaBO. l()I(O!I fuBl!(: nllca.1 D 1615 I"OlIY D CDoeH Klblre <OonepBblii OT'JeT 0 IOpllllll'Jec- I(lJX c.Y'1ill1X I[ ID13X, no KOTOPb]"1 Db!llecellb] pewellllJ1lt npUI"OBOpb] B Kopu.;lelKKlix cynax B J1p.'IalliIHH": "Kuma Haum nap;laMeHTbl 11(- npalL"lJIJ[I[ W[1t 1!3MCHJI.-'U1 KaKliC-fIIJ60. cfJ)'H.I3MU-rTa.1bHb[C OC06Cl-D-lOC- Tli corrunol1 law. ;JTIl IlcnpaB.C[IIUI OKf\JWB<L11]Cb lIa npaKTHKe CTOJI(' lIeyn06l1b]"m LL'lII rocYllapcTBa, 'iTO common law lIa ile.'le onHTb DOC- CTaJIill!JlHD<LOCb D TeX >Ke atMbIX OCo6ellllOCT.lIX B I1OCJJ('HVlOIllI!e DeKa nocpt'lJ:C"IRJ'I>Illpymx lIap.r[aMeHTCKltX aKTUB»o1. - TIOMIUDI Hllp.\\ ClIllln'lOl1law I< K3'JCCTHC pCl)mRropa IIIIJillTH4C' CKI!X OTIIOIllCIIIIH BAnrmlll nplIMC[UL1I1Cb B OT.4c.,%!lWX C.'IY'IillIX npml- UHIlh[ IUS commune-' 11 np3BH.m\< ycraHOIL1CHHL[C c-rmyrn\fH. OJ\HaKO HMCHHocommon law UP[I,(aJ!alKi KI(>IIJ1II'lCCKOi1 (,:{IHCTpYKlIl1I1 rocy/l31>- I The C(1II1IIKJIl w plJUJ1(\W or dru\\Tl from the La" of GOO, Ihe w of Reason.and the La" vfNocllre. lIot IlUl£<b!t.-o {The IVllrna1svfthe IlollseofComm On>. VoL I. P.2S4) '.Wl!fnourpar!ia'uentslla\.,a1tered<1J"clnllgerlan\'fI"Khln nt;dpolnt.ofthe ("Ommonla".thu>e,Ilt""dinnsll"vebrenfollndby.etobeilllolh..,nienifur the commnnwealth, a. that the common la" ha. III oJII:ct n rc<torcd >1ga,n, III the same poilJt<o. by otl1er illS of p",1iament ill sllcceedins. (full'S] Le Primel Report des Ca.,l'S '" l\t-ttLrn en Lev ({"",IlIc_, '" Ad]U_, en Ics Court, de1 Roven Iwbu.,d P 132). . no no...." P X re_'b."Xo.LIl" .,US communc BTC"CllIIC .!<-.,ITc.Ob,mro BfJC" HllllCno.",;JORa.OCll  C.:I)"Ia!lx, I(orla RO:!HJlJ(i\.Oil HV.....'IiI pa'I"']lI1IT" BonpocL'l(OHCTIi 1)Il!Im'moro Jla(']I)'" II ""IU(I\IdTIl'Cl(oii """""OCTII HallpJl>lep. KlIpoElau'mlillilll IIP"C""l1pIHII."ilBIIIa!lCaHr_.lliic""""II.IjJoP"'IPOIl<L'ac"'l3CThIOTt'''' 
42 IOp'Llil n,mC"'.UI'Kn. alll-..mCK<I1I fX.'''O,![JOIII'" 1640-1660 TllJ\un cmenlloro C1pOfi Anr.'Ilut vcroll'uIDbll XapaKTep. Era 1I0P"!bl COCTaB- ][HJlI.f B ,J,aHI-IOH KOHcrpYKJ((1I.f IIpaBOlIbJC IICHI-IOCTH. KOTOpblC IIpl13Hal<a- !](1Cb B{'CMU IIO.rn1TII'Jt'CKUM\1I"f1}'lumpUI<!((I.\m ClH.--;mi:iCKlJl1J o6IllelTHa. Pe']II. npOHJIIOCIIBUlHecfI lIa Jacelk1]IIIf1X aJlDmucKOro nap_aMeIiTa. a TIlIOKC nplllll[MaBllIIlecH ero.l\CnyrnTIlMIJ lIOK}'\ICIITb[ 1I0Kl3LlBffiOT. 'JTO II K<lpOJIb. 11 CTOfllIWI!e B O[IIIWI!UlUI K l1eMY lIapJ[a!>lt'11Taplll[ mlJ111 e.!Il[lIb[ BCrpef<LleHIUJ QJXP"III5ITb Tp,1DJIUH01Ulb[e, C'JO)l(HBWI!eCH B<mo- xy q)CJ\IICBCKOB[,JI II 3aKj)Cn.:tClllib[C B common law II3'Ja3[<t rocynap- CTBCHHorocTpOJIAllr;mll B YCROBlIfIX, KOl"1lil B <t!lrnllll(l(O\I 06meCTBe UfC)'TCTI!OIJa.1O TO, 'ITO B IL..cTOfIlliee BpeMflllaJ[,]IJal'TCSI ny6;,]wlII('IM npaOOM, TO eCTb CIIC- Te'-Ia I1IJaBlIHhlX HIIPM, I< KlllUpblX 'Je"l"KO IIIIPl'/[C.rlj.lKJTCj.I Ilpeporan!l<b! Kopo.'leIJlKOI1 BJ[3CTH, IIOJ[HOM0'111H Il3p_aMeHT<I I[ llPYl1lx I"OcYD.i\p- CTBC[III('IX opralloB, common 1m,," CTaIlOBIL'!OCb r.'IaBII('IM llilC"lpylIClI- TOM 3al1l.l[UII1IIiJ,[IBlIJ\OB OT npoIlJBQ.;[<t rOCYltapCTBCHlIoil RIaCTII OHO ConepJKa!IO IIOPMb], 3<lKpen.'lflBWlle rapaHTlUJ .'II!'iIlOI[ I[ IIM)'IUt'(.TIJeH- lion UenpllKOCIIODellllOCTl:l aJlr.'IIJi:iCKIIX 1I0llJlaJUlb]X. 1la1!6o.,1ee 113DeIT- IIblC II aHroplllCIHhlC tP<'Jll1 TIlMI" HOP'" OHm IIIIOIIO:U:11aIllCHb[ B dk- 'I!IK()U XdpIllU B(UhH{K"Tl'li» -I<trdl)'lt; }\(YllJphlU PU1TiJ,,!CJI Ht'IITl>e"I- ReMoH "laCTLI0 common 1m\'. 3. KYK nHCeL'! B CBOeM KOMMeuTaplrn K 3TO\ly 1IO1I1)', '1TO "0Il 6b1J1 B 6o.r[(,well cBOeji "laCTI1 .l\CK,3put1lH1. PI<lIIHb[X OCHOUaHl!n 1aJIteHTd.,1bHb[X 3<JK{)f-jO[j AHr>lI[w. ' LL TOro 'Jr06b] common lij\-\' 1.10[..'10 Jt)xpe[(TltBIiO BbmO.I-]Tb f1JYHKLlHIO M1LlHThI aur..'1I1i:iCKHx IIO)]J\aHllbIX OT npollJBO.J1a rocY.l\ap- CTBCHl-IOii B.![acTI1, HC06'ffiJ111"1O 6b1J10 IIpr.'JtOll<paTUTh 7aIroc IiMCllla- re,1bCTBO KOpo.'I5I11 nap..laMeliTa B c<PePY mum npaBa. KOTOpoe npltDO- ILH_O 6w K pa3pyllK:'lIIIIO ero OCIlODOl1o.'JanI]Oil\!1X npl1l111ltnOB I[ 1I0pM. 310ii :J<JJLa'Je I1l1fJ1CHa11 6blil ('."IY)IHlTb CU-J,I<\HHbIH aHIJlI1I1{"11;11MI1l1pa- BOBei1ilMl[ M[flJ 0 roM, 'ITO common I<lW l1B rneTCH no l"IlOt'f[ CYlliHOCTl[ 'ITUIIIJW,UL'OCbDi"""".I.me.IIKrrINY)l(el'('IIJ"YIIl"TUJI)IK.I'IIp<lllauii"'IIljd.'"Cb," KOHf'1110M{"'1('"f('./!.' pt'11[eHII3a.13'111011P.1:I3HIUI{"tl p.l(f'HlljJi\"r",iiC!rol"OMOH-qr<:;I ("'Ip"lIfiIL no."ITII'I""KID! .'blC."blll.lIb1Tb'"-"Ia..T"KII",""opUU". Ij,"I"",lIIe TUlU. 'ITU ,ur'o 6h'T" IE>RI!I:'IU\O III Hem_ lu. communc II\P'U TaK)j(C ""a"CHllC 1\ 1\('.CHml IlIIOCTpaHHbtx !Ie!]. (lldmhdz R. H The ius lanmlm ill Engl.md four swdies. P. .1). , ..II wa,furthcmo't paItdcclarntm}'ofthcpnllClpa'llIIIIo-kohhefundamental] Llwsof England_ (The Second part ofthe Instit\,tesvf the Lawsof EnRI'II1d: contailling [he E'<J"1'It\Un of man}' ancient and other statutes. Thc SJxth rolllon_ London. MO( L"<XXI (1681)_ A Procmc to the 5<.(:0Ild Part of the In.tltuto;<;)" B .'l3HHm' '''Wl!1J1!t UR"YJCTIIYf'I" II}rn np>!'"\lj " 1'p"AlIC:lUBIIII (prucllll') K oe'lUB'lUMY ""Y 
r"lalla IITIJpa><_ nlCY,ldJ'CT1"-lIIllBI (."lpoi, AIILOllllllaKiJII}'lIl' fIC"''-"KJIIIIII 43 n6bI'iHbIII-I IIpal<OM, 'JT(I j}HII HWHUK!IOJlll HopMall;ICKOl"O.lalJlHaHHJ], a pa;:JUI1l1a.lOCbl1 "J)'HMUIOHI,[pUlla"r[O I'Il"KmO'-1I[Te"r[I>HU(j. YCII.i[H- HM np<><JJecrIlUII<I.i[bllb[X IOPIICTOl}, a tie Kupu..1ei:'t. KOH(TIII}'IIIlOHH()(,' :-ma'JCHIlC nnTImon law 1<1>1JillKa.'IOCb, TaKI1/1.t u, IIPCIlMYUIl'<TIJt:'HHU Ii TOI, 'illl eru IIpUHIIIlIIall-l11 I[ HUpMdMl1 Uqep'll[Ba.ilCb aPePa o6urecTDet1HOii )I(I1;:1HI!, B KUTUPYIU IIOJXMeBCKafI B)la(;rbl<"ICUlI1l<aTbCj.J Ht'MOIJIa. J!KKXmhITHU, 'JTO rpaHUlII>] T'.Jt,oii n!lcpbl J.l11;/J.J 'II1Ch H .JHa'JI1Tt;"Ib- Huil (.Tellet-JI! Heonpe.aC.i[et1Hb[il-tI1. Ho ,ITa 11)( He0l1peJ[C,leHtiOCTb 1I,,!e,la CHO]1 CMblCJL Ec.,UI 6b[ Bce upaHa 11 CElof'JO,,1b1 aHr"ll1li\.-KliX IIIIILI3.HHb[)( (ih].'lI1 'Je'!.KO OllpeJ[c"rlet-Jbl, TU Kupo.,l€tI(K<UI H,,13(.TI> 11,,!eJ/a 6bl (J(IJlhlIlE.' JIe1"il'lbHb!X I!UII¥In\Hocreii lli1J.l IlpoU3HO,1I>HI>[)( i(elkTUI[I[ KpeIl(XTb, IIOCTpOCHIIIDI 11.1 IpaHIII,C KaKOnl-JUtOIl I'O!:YJ13.pCTIJa, MO)M."I" fib[Tb EI t1hlllIll'l1 crE.'IICHU HcnpllcrYIIHlIu. HII ro lOtllCM HC lJ:iH<t'Jal'T, 'JTQ olla Ha![e1KIIU OXpaHeTTeppllTOPI[1U ;!Toru rolY;l<lpClllit lJ..r[H B1UplKeHl1 B em 1I))('..'1C.!II,! LilliCL"M IILiXIII3a"f('!lbHO 6paTb Kpcl10CTb IIIT)'pMOIlt, HllrLl- lie D03i1-tO)!(UO npOCTO 06011T11 ce CTOPOUOiJ. 3. HHcTJ-ITYT KOpOJIt:'BCKOli BJlacrn: king-in-par1iament" rex solus (king out of parliament). llap.rraMelIT K8K IIHC11£I)'T nOJIllTIl'lecKOli BJIacrn focynapcTBellllb[iJ ClpoiJ, cyrnecTIJOB3BIlJ}[j:'[ B Aur.'1HI[ B nepBb]e neCH"TlUeTIl5I A'VII BeKa. 1["IC,l Opralll[3aIDII0, KOTOpa.ll Bno,lllC ,,!or.ila 06eCne'iI!D<lTb c06!11u.l!eIlHe l1HrepeCUB DCex OC1JOBllb!X COUII<l.lbHblX rpynn Gila npeJ}[Jo,lara.'Ja KOMnpo"'IICC, C OllllOW nopoUb!, MeHillY p<13JIH']I!(,IMIIIKl1UnwlecKlfMII rpynnMpOBKaMll B CHClt'",C IIf'llTpaJILIIOiJ 1L'J'IC1lI. C npyroft nOpollb[, "fCJKll}' Ili1MI[ I! reMIJ rpynnHpoDKiIIl-lI!, 1,0- TOpb]e 'lll 1L1,IC"Th 11.1 MCCTaX B IJlI4Icrnax. Hro6xwu[II-IOCTh []I)JI.llejJJKIIBaTh TaKOII KOMnpOMMCC 6bL'Ja :Ja/!())((I'I!a B ca\!011 KOIICT- PYK[IJ[I[ BepXUBIiOft I"OCyropcrnet1HOfl lLalTII, C101K1IBWeiic.II B AHrJll11[ K lIa'JiL1Y XVII Be[GIo. lI.aUII<UI BJlaCTb, )(OT.II II 060.:ma'JiL1acb npeDlle- cpeqeChIl'" no CDOeIII)' npollCxmKl\CIlIUO repMIIIIOM «monarchy (1.10- HilPXI1.I1)!>, nO.n.pa3)'\ft'IJaBWIJM eJ]J[tiO.1IJ'JHb!W, t'ill[HO.l!epIKaBHb!j:'[ xapaK- Tep npaB..1emJ.II, IJ"'CIJa B K.l'iecTBe cDoero tiOCHTe.1Ul lie 011110 JUlUO - nepcony MOllapxa, 110 1."I1CTCM)' no,lI[TU'It'CKII)( IIIICTlI1)'TOB. Kopo,1b, HII,,"/f[flllllllinl rJldBHb[M <t-'[CMCHTOM.:ffOI1 (II-("Tell-lb[, Db1crYlliL1 B ee paM- Kax.CUlIHOIi CTOpoHb],lG1KlbHwll BJlacTHwllOpran - kmg 
44 IOpltiIICUd'cacIIl'K"n. <JllnIllICKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 1640-1660 fllAon s(Jlus, C q>yIuri CIOJX)t1hl, H (:()('ilHHCHUU C lIap,'I3MeHTOM I\aK KO- po.1b-H-lIap.ilal>-l\:'Hre(klllg-m-parhament). npl1 <ffOM 1IU}[pa::J)'''I\:'!>a.'[OCb, '{TO I[Mellt10 B C.'IIIHIII[ C nO.'llIO\JO'JI1J1!1-1II IT.tp..laMetfT<I "upa.'leBCKaJ1 IU(l(Tb JllLmcn:JI HblllllCli fCHpliX VIII I1II\OjJltJl H<l34-M 11I}"Y ll<Oel"(} IIpall;I\:'HltJl nap,l<lM\:,HTapl'IJlM: dI,1h1I1HI(IJ)lltpOHaHbJ Hi\IIIIU!U CYJ[bJl- MIJ U TUM, 'ITU HI[ D KilKue Dp<"oJlI "Ibl H\:' CTUI["I CTU.'Ib Db[lOKU B CBueM KitpOCI!CKOM Craryrc, KaK HO tij1CMJ.lI«,,'ulI1l napJla"ICHTa, rltc Mbl, KilK fJlaHa, 1111bl, KilK 'LJ;IeHhI, ("(IC;'lHfUlCM{"}I11 c..UIIIaCMOlIIO-'LHlI nUJlU- TI['Jft:Kue Te.1Ui>I. 3TH GIOBa ilHI"'IIIIkKOro KOpO'm npHDO;lI1J[ B 1637 I'O}IJ' II clJodi 1aUIIITl1TC!lbHOI1 pc<Ul IICPC)l CYJlbJlMU na.,lilTb! Ka.1Ha'Jdi- CTHa (the Exchequer-ChandJel") IIO}[eJIY MOlla X'JMllilena (!>-hip-rnoney case) IIpallOllt'n o.r[III\\:'p emT.iJ.Mm (Olner St.John, 1598-t673) .J!.cKJlapal(l1}[ IJX, 1I0ilCH}LI OH "PH 9TOM, lI()I..X)b[Ba.,'Ja TaKl1M Orlpa-lOM, 'JTlI :-ITlI Cihl.'IO (o6clt\CHHoe MHelm KOrX>'.'I}l. CIII.laCHIi KO"lU- poMY OH HII B K<1Kue IlpeMJI He CTUJ1J1 CTo..1b Bb[CUKO B CBU<"oI cra:ryce, K<1KBOIJj)C"LllllarMaMLHTII"l fl.1hlr'lb II TOM, 'JHllJbIUIlti}II\JIi!(Tb I<QlLlIIIl@.'laCb II AHIJU!U HC B I[HlTl1T.}'Te t'.I[IHOJll!4HOii IWIJl"Il'IKl\Oii 1-1'1.11."111, HO R KOpo:L\:', itdj- CTB}'IfJlllCM B COC1llHCHIJI1 C nap,3,\[CHTOM, BbJCKa1b[Ba.!I B 1610 rony R CI<OCM RbICl)'IIJlCHltit R lI<Jp.l3"tl'I1T(:KUX {(..(li\lllX IIIllIpo6!K'MC Hif.;m- I1IIJ IIp<JIIOBt')[ lI.:>M:il!l-l{" Y.1i:rr'loK (J_. V/}1I1ffl>..k<, 1570-1632) OH nOJ\'lCJ>KlIBa.. B 'JaCTHOCTlI, 'JTO B AHr.'luu <cyBCpCHHaJ:! BJlaCTI, I1])C- nh]l<aCT, 110 OfilllCMY cor;13CIlIO, B KopoJlc- HO IJ KOpO.IC CCTb J[lIOfiHaJ.I l<.il<U:"fh, U}IHii - II lIap.'liL\ICHTe, KOlil<J CMY l'lI.!!ti1l""fBY\:'T ClIf.']anl\:, HC\:'- m rocy.uapCTBa; JJpYIWI BHC rrnp,aMcHTa. KOrna OH OJ\I[H 11 cg[IH- CTBCHHhlH, PYKOIJlIJICTIIYIOlILl1l1cH 'l"O.'lbKO CI-XiClHCHHoli IIOJlCI1. 11 CCJ1H H::J :-ITI1X JIIlYX HJlilCreii I< KlIJXL'I OJlH<J 6o.'1€€ H€.'lltlQ}], 'J! J\PY]'i\}I, U 1 w., being inl"oi1n..d by ollr judges, Ihnt W....t 1\0 time -tlmd so highly in ollr E<tat R""al. as in tru, l,me "f Parliament, wh..n,m we as Head. and \IOU as mmk",. arerunjumedand kBi[together into one body poli[ieh(J'ro<(',>dmg; in [he C,se of Slnp-Mun..y. between lhe King andJ"Im Hampd..n Esq., III (h.. Exch",!""" 1637. 13. (.ar I j j A COI....te Collef"(ion of St.1le-Trials and Proceedings for lligh- Trrasnn and "ther Cnmes <md Misdemean,,"I"S, fru,n the Ren m King RJdmrd "," (he Ren m Kut!: (>roW II 10 s'x ,'olumes_ Thc dud ro'[lOn. \\"I(h adct<[ Offl London. M_ DCe XLII (17"12). Vol I. P. 518). Cl. 063TOM..1QIF. Bihliothe", P"liti,..: 01'<1 Disl"Oul"Se hy way of o,alue, "hother the K'ItI: he the !>ole $u(1rcam slatl\" !'ower of the Ki"3-Jom: and "hether ollr Grea( CoI]lKils, or Parliaments. be 11 Funda']lenlal Pari of the Government. or"'", prClCC'Clkd from the Favour and COl offormer Km london, Iffl2.P345 , A Complct COn"'-1:lOn of Stat... T nals and Procd,f\I:S for H"'.T ",,,,,,n and otherCmnc.'andM,.ocm--amur.< \'01.1 P51t:!_ 
r"lalla IITIJpa><_ nICY.IdJ'CT1"-"IIII;1 (."lpoi, AIILOllllllaKiJII}'lIl' fX.'''''-"KJIIIIII -is MII)t(t"!. HalIpau..'I}lTb 11 KIIHTpOllllpUl<aTh l\JIYI}'IO, TU eCTh }IB.'IJ.leTOI SUfJleTTIl1 {Xtestas, BepXOfIHOI1 tll<V."ThIO, a npyl-a>! .whmdmate. TOI11<I 6yileT JlerKU ilOKa3aTb, 'JTU IJoliICTb Kupoo.rm D n.tp.oT<lMeIiTe fulee De,1I1- KaJI, 'KM {'Ill 1!J1Cl(Tb tlH{' lIaJHClMCHTa, IIHa 11 HClllpaH!mCT 11 KUHTPlLlH- pyt'TII{)("!]e,IHKJKJ!>'. Ki]K 1[{TlUiHU Bb[CIlIYIO D.,'IaC1b npt'.J.CraBlJHJI Macrb KOpU,l}l-D- lIapllaJI.lCHTC llcnyrclT Ilanarbl 06I1IHH.li.>Kot>JpK .lI,mfil1 (Digby, 1612-t677). d1nllHa, np, I"lIHUPU!] OH H ('HOCli lIap!la"Il;'HT{"KOfi pe'll[ 19 29 JlHDapJl 1640/1641 ru}[i\2, .:IdK.11U'IaeTCJI D TOM, 'JTO Ko- pOllb o.'lliLlllY H11K0lJla HC CroUT B CBOCH C.I3BC, I! CHOCM I!('Jlwmn. B CI<UC1 BCJlU'Jt.'CTHl;'HHOM CYI<l;'fJeHrrt'Tl;' TaK, IQK H lWpro.tIf'fftTlIlJ( f;te IIO,lHOMO'JI[e Ha:ma'JaTh Ha.'IOfl[7 f.l!e IIU.'IHO\IIO'U!-l;' DOCCT<iHall.'[IIIJ.aTb B IIpal<OCIiUl"o6Hocul? Ole :aKOHOj[i\TC.bHIDI B.IaCTb? CO<-"}[IIHCllb] I! I{[]- po.rle, MI1CTl;'p f"n/JKep_ HII KaK? B Kllp<l.ilt'. IIKj"Iy)f(eHHIIM, YKJ">eIlJJCHHOM II YCI1.'[eHHUM eru flap'lO.tff'llmOM. Koponb DHl;' TIUp'lO.lfOl",fl lI!ltel:'T or- I11HII'ICHHylO. O'lCp'lCHHYJO IOPltC;\[IKIII[IO. Ho COIlpOHO'l\llacMblii CliO- UM nll}Jjl(LlteHmlHf HI1 OJ\UH M(>HapX BOCTUK<I HC JII!!UlC"f{"Jl (..Ionb alXU.llOfHblM Ii pa{"ceUBaHIJII He..'IOHU:lhCTBa. 3 AHr111iicKHi1 nap_'JaMCHT B CO[fl1J('TCll'lIlH C TaKlIM [JOHm,iaHI1CM I<l'jJXOHHOH mcy;wpCTIIl-HHmi H!lacTl1 C'JI!la.IC lI{llInl'Jl-'CKflM 11p<-a- HO"I, BK.rlKI4iIHlIIlI"l H lWJ.I HC 'm:lbKU ..']OP/[Oll ,1Y'lOIIHh]X H l'He"l"l-KUX (. rIpC,'ICTaDIITC.lL!lMI[ 1"111<fJcTB (OOIllIlH), HO II KOJx).H.1J.aHHOC B03.1pCHUC IIPOHO){f1J[OCb, I! 'Ja('IHOCTlt, tI rparoalc aHrlmlCKoro Tell,iOra PI1'1.ap!ta XYKl;'fJ<I (Ru;h(llfJ HuoIa 1; 1553-1600) «O.JaKoHax IlepKOIIHllli I10}IU- TlIKII!> B BOC(,!()ii KHlnc 3mm [JpoIIJBCJ\CHIIJ.!, ony6.'IiIKoBaHHoii Y)I(C IIOCJlC Cl>lCJnl1 aBTopa. IOJ!opnQOCb, 'JTO lIaJLID"'I.-HT AHI:;'JIIII "lOClCIlfI' H::J KllfJlL'UI 11 RCex TeX, !(TU eMY IIO]\'I.UHl;'H TaK KaK I!(;l;' IIHI1 IIpl;'j[CTaH- 'llirr 110: Hdbnnh W A lIi'IIUI)'ofEnSli,h L,\\. Lun<..1on.1966. Vol 6. P.85. 'BAllnml..lt'llcrBOOd.' BT(}II.'''' JO.milJICKllji Ka.IleJl,'1apL.cor I lUlOl'UR-p'>\IY 110Ilbliil"Q.:\lIa'l.IUIUJCSI25MaJJTI'BXV"IIeK€le\k'J!\1lVIO.:tllallcKIIMII rplll1JpllaIlCK<I." "',""eUil"p>I",".IJl"l1\I!."IH"Ollt't."Tbroli,. . .The truth is:-'ir. the Kin,gsof E'IlJ/andare never in theirg101)l in their >PIendur. in their M'"'li'-JUt' So'<em\W'lY. bllt in Parham tIfS. Where is (he poI\--.;r of Imp""IJ,I(Tax","Whl'l'C,sthcl"""'(rofrcstonll.':fl1ml lOcapa,'t"'? "'Iou"C,sthl' lesb1a[iw Amho.lt)'? Marry ill till" KinS. Mr Spahr. But hOIl"? In tl,e King circled In, fort,ficd :and l'v,nualed hy h,s I'mha_ The KIll.': out of RJrfIl1lIlml hath :a limi(ed.<lcircul]r«1 hed .llll'i<dinion.B,'[\\'ayte<!onh y his/tirl,Im"1ll.noMonarchof the East IS so ahsolll(c ,0 dlspdlolJ,l( Crl1"".anccs (The Lnrd  speech 10 [he HOllsc of COnimonHO the H,]] fol"tnl'nruaD ParhamCIlt-'..Ian 19 1640 liThe Spccches of (hc L"d  In [h H'" COllrt vf PmlIl1l1I TIt (<D..I'IIl11J,I( grrvdJl[CS :and [he TncllT1,:aU Parhamcnt umdon, 1641 P 2) 
46 IOpltiIICUd'cacIIl°K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 1640-1660 fllAon J]t'Hbl TaM, 11Jll1 nRK:THt'HHOfi IIl'lll"OHOfi, U.rtI1 IIOCpt'Jln.I<OM TOro, 'J'IU llUUpUlIOJ[bHO 1Iepend.IIIl)'iliI COOl! JiI!'iHI>Ie Ilpiitlai>1 O!1I!CbID<l5I Ii COOIIX TpaKT<lTdX Opr.]HH3aIlf!1O BepXODHOH BJlaCTI1 IJ AHI 'IIIU IIl'PBbIX lL'OIIIL 1l'-flll1 XVII HCKa, aHI11ll1rKUI1 TClLlO.-- '--Iapm':-I Xl1L1 (Chmfes Hede. 1598-1659) Ha;:JbIlJ,U t'e cMclIlaHHofl },llIHapXJleii MIIlJ/Wi - He nponu u,{jOpOwKllJ,llOHHaJlI!.'Ii1 a6c0l1Vf1llU1.H, HO KOOp- mmal¥.I0liHilJlII CttRWt11i1fWl AfoMpllDI, Oo.lC:"JalOH. 3m cwwe- lIueHJlIIlUJrfJfq'Ille("TBYt'THfJ(f7IJJH(,IK.T/IfJ(,.{'dIIIOIIH."acTl1,IIHiI'It' AknttlJLlUJ/ Ht' 6bJJIa 6b1 {.lfl'walllWU Bre AIr 1Iap.\UU IIMelOT B ce6e CtIRW 1flI(! HJ[11 erpY"-IYPY noikllllffflfUl'1I HIUOC'CI(»!II(HX JIO![>KHOCT- HbIX.'lm(, HII'iolt'ChA1offnp.UlJlI1JII1 _ waH I<Jl<J.CTb C<tM;; COfml16.KII6 11;:1 3 fJfl(J1WLt ()ptp dp,py Kupnop-dUl1ri (Est.1tei). KvpO!m 11 JIB)'X fla.mm nap.I1lMCHTa: 9101i C'..'I«1JJhI/1I0U B.1aC11I HIiKaKaJ.I norPJlIllf1lf1WJf IJ.,'JaCTb HII H KaKOM CJlY4ae HC 6YJ1.l'T Clllllo&,-dOKa.JaTb {cn1pOTIlurJ./f'1IU .1. B (.UBp[eHHOii IIlTOpl14e1.-KUri >ll[Teparype o(:{"Mem<lHHiUI !I-lOllap- XlU.Jl>, CYI'ILlljIJHaJllllaJ.I B AHI.1!U! H3KID1YIIC )X1JO10[1I1II 16-10-t660 ro- WII<, !lOHIIM;;l'TC}I, KaK UpaI<H!IO, tI Kil'JOCIHl' IUlYJ\ilfIl"TI<CHHnr{) (TI)()J.I. IIPIlI\UTOfXJM I1MeJ!U "I:'(""f()Cll-tellleHlle.:kU\OfID}Ii\TeJll>HUU I! IKIIQ."IHU- TI'.'fbHOii R;mcTci1. B AHr_QIU1 }KC YKa.1aHHOro BJJCMCHi1 110)\ "c),\CwaH- HIII1 "lnHi!fJxl1Ci'i... IIUHI1"I;LICJI I"OCYiWPC'fB(..'J-1HbIU {T)1l1l1. IIPC,IIllLlaraH- IIIl11i ("..'1IIHlte Ii t'llllHoe !lO:II1TH'ieCl<:lIe Tt:'.10 KOfJIL'I, na.I.1Thl JlOPi[OB u fTa,laTb! 061l!1-1H I1McHHo TaKOC nOHI1MaJ-1HC aHrlllliicKOii ,qCMcruaH- HOI1 MOHapXI1I1» 1I0Ka.1bllJ3.,'iH tI CIJOf!X pa(KIrax aHr.u1ricKuc IIpaliOHCJl.b! U Tt:'O.'IOIl-1 KlIHIl<I XVI Ha'ia!la XVII tlCK<I IIPH OJU!C.!HIIII IUl.Y:\ilP- CTBCHHOro C1])()H Cf1BpCr1ICHIIOi1I1M Allrlllli CJ[j'$)GI.'J 3TO[Y Bo:upe- HI1IO H caM aHl:Ql1ikKHfJ KlIPOl[b. B 1642 I'OJry Kap.;J I :iiUlH.rl,"( lIap.;Ja1I.lCHT;;PI1}!M' ...Mhl 04CHb xo- I)()WO:iH3CM BC,1HKYJO I[ IlCOIlXIHiI'lClIIlYIO R'JacTb najl'l:J..\JCIITa. 1-10 Mb! I HookerR. O[{h<, LawsufEedes,ast,<.al Pollh fThewt!'Xs"fthat learned and judidO\ls di,'jne MI'. Richard liooker "1{h an accoulII ()f his life and deatb by h"IaC Wal{(}".Sevemh",huon.V"I3,£AfunI.I8B8.P.408-409. 'btfJondis not a simply >UhotdinafflV'.and rb;nJu1'. but a Cvordmake. and mi.u Mooml1q-. Thbmi.l1tlre.ur Cwn"in theverv Suptomtrnluf power it ..,Ife. othcrwlScthcwcreootmn1:<dl VrJnon/n..ha\-'ca'lI1IhI'.orC<1ll1Jl<l'lllnnrn ..uhi»r1rmte. and undEr-officel's in [hem: but ha-.-lh Moo IIthq. or hdKst power b itself rn lpIJIIIIdErJof3aKi"",and[woffru;EsofParhamcnt lloto[h,s mi.lllx>\\-erno <Ulwrfinllf'a\l[hority may in,mycasemakel1"1istnn9 (Il('rlf 01 A Filii ArL<W<T to a Treatlsc w"tlcn hv doctor Femc, entitle<! Thc rcso\,'o"l': of ComClcnce llponr11lsQuc<l"'", \VhetherupOnt11lstjonoorCas('(th('KII1,I(wi1\n()tddi,...t but IS bent toum'Ut &Ingn I.l.mr"",,md Ubemes) SubJcets may "11h good Cornclen"" makeLond()n.I642_P2) 
r"lalla IITIJpa><_ nICY,IdJ'CT1"-"IIII;1 (."lpoi, AIILOllllllaKiJII}'lIl' fX.'''''-"KJIIIIII 47 :-iHat'M Tal()!{C, 'JT{J IJHa "l'alGUl TO.rlbl{\l tI'IlIM (:'-!bIc"It', 'J.ll) fl.1bl IUCMC}l LJalTI>IO nap.rlaMt'HTa. Et'J Hac I[ tlUIlpt'K1i Halllt'MY CUI:'"fal.I1IU, ru:loca KanxkQu60 Will OOCI1X n&laT tINCCTL'IJC i1Jl,)f(Hb[, HC "iOl}IT, HC 6YitVT (ec.,'JI[ Mw \fmJre\l ,136eJK;m, aToro pMH 6.1ara HaWHX n01l.1lallllbJx, TaI()I(e K.1K I[ HallJero coOCmelilioro) 3<UlpellJ<1Tb 'lTo-!IJI-50, 'ITO HB.U!- eTCH !Cno.%3yeMbL'i no 3aKOII)', mlH HCIlO!Th30IJffi"b 'lTO-JII!60, 3anpe- llieHHUe3af\OHOM»I. CYIIIU11!01JaHI1C B IIO)IHnI'l(."CKOii Ci1CTC,,!C AlIlJlIll1 HaJbl..1Y C C}III- IICI.'111'1I10ii - MOllapXWJCCKOii B co6crBcIlJIOM CM(,]C.QC ,noro c''JOBa B!1i'CIl1 1HCHrryra KO,Xl.'ISI-B-nap!)3\1('IITC, TO CCTb KOPO'lCBCKOii IL1aC- H!, coelUmelluorr C nO!UlOMO'lIiHMI[ napmlMellTa, lIell;OOKIIO nopo)l(- lliUIO 1lp06.r[eMY p<l3I-pi!IIII'JeJiHH ;'HUX.l!By,\ BJ[<lCTeJ1. YH.'JMI"! Eo.'I.:)t,.TI"O- YH (U'ill"lm BlwksJ(1k', 1723-1780) tI IIl'Pooii KHI1I"C CI<UUX "KOM- MeJiTapltt'H K ;'jaKOHaM AHrJluu», Hallt''JiffaHHUli lIt'pHblM 11J)[aHHt'M B 1765 ITJ)J.y, pal.I1'Ja. 11X KaK MaCTh 3aIroH()j\aTC.bHYJO I[ l1Cllo"'JIJH- Te.'JbIlY[O. Bepxoomm 1L1aCTb B A1l1"Jil1Jt, nnca. 011, "'Iella ua nne DeTBJ, Willi! 3iU\"{JII(J..'li(R'%II<t.ll, a I[MelliiO: ll<1p.'iaMeHT, COlTOHIIlI1H H3 KOpo.'l5I, 10pDOB H 06IlUlII; llpyra.ll IICnOmmTe.'Jblla.ll, COCTO.IIllliUi II::! UJ[HOro KUJX-'<1>1»2 nO)[06HilII xapaKTt'pHCII1Ka oepXOIIHOl1 rucynap- CTBCHHOii B..aCTI1 HB..}jCTC}j c.rIUIllKOM YIIPOII(CHHOfl tV[H AHr..'1I111 ccrx- llHllb! XVIII BCKa. K allrlHiiCJ(oii)l(c BCpXOBIlOH IL1aCTI1 ncpB('IX ec>l- HLeTHii XVII CTO,leTWi oua COBc6111enp1iMe1i1lMiI. Pa3JIH'J[e 'It'"AtJy BJIaCTb]O nap_ilMellTa L'J!, TO'JUee: KOJ)().;m-B-nap,laMeIITe, C O.l!!lOrrCTo- poHbl. I[ e!LI1HO,1I1'-JH0i1 Kupo..1eBcmxi IJJ[anb!O, c npyruii {TUPUHb[, tie OblJlO 110 cl<O('ii IOPlljlll'l(.'UI01i 11 I10!IIIIII'ICCKOII IIjJl1jJllJlC paf"JII'iIIl'M MC)/\1lY B..acThfO 3aKOJI('JWloii I[ IICllo.mnrrc.'I(,lIoii. AHmuHcKllii nap_aMCHT, coC1OSlBwni1 m KOJn1H, nOpJIOB 11 00. IIlHII. HIL'UlJIC$] ue TOJ[bKO 3aKOIIOllaTe.1bllbiM OprrulOM. 11 ue TOJIbKO npelllTaBlITe.lbllb[!I-I u.(jpalll1eM, lliIKJIlUIM C!JOIIN pelueliHeM IOplliUl- 'll'(:KlIC UCHOH;JHIIC :1,,'m c6l1pa H;l!IIIIUIl. He ObI;! IIH U CYildiHhlM ilpra- I ..We \"erv \...,11 k])ow the greal .md unli""loo Power of" Par]ia]])enl. bUI We know.a,wellth.atitison]vinthal'<li'll..e.asWeareaPartoft11atParlianwnt.Without """ndag1,in'IOUrC...w:IiI.lhevo[e:;ofellher.oroo[hHo-"...."together.mu,1. nut, cannot. shall not ( If We (an hell' It for Our S!'cctssakc. a' wcll fm.Ourow])} fm.h,rl any[hil1st:hatisenjoYnedby[heLaw.ore'nany[hillg[hatislUrbtddllbythe La\H (HIs M'lJcs1:'cs "'-cr [0 [he Dedarallon ofhmh HO\'Sesconcernll) Hun Sent 'I May 1612 Lnnrlonl612.Pl-2) , ..Wilh liS [h[nJi..., II) Frr@md[his"",,",lIj[pnwer...dJVIdedll)[O[wobranches; theonclo::gis'atl\'l',tow.t.thepa,'1I<11nt;rot.rornr;['nJ:ofthekiI1l(.lord_'.an(OIIIIIInTL'<; thothcr"xccut,v,<Dn'I'tInJ:()flhck'nJ:alone.(BiaLksmne W. COIIjlljUIIanl'SO]) the ......ofEq::\and Bookthefirst. Oxford. M_ Dee LX\'(l76.'i)_ P 1112-143) 
48 IOpltiIICUd'cacIIl'K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 16401660 fllA"n HII"I I< IlfibI'iHIIM 1I0HUMaHUU TaKlIIlOlU. Ero J[CHTI'-'lhHlIlTb Hl;' CH())[I1- JlaCb K I1CIIUJlHeHl11U KaKI1x-'Ul60 OTitl;'JlbHh[X "J)'HKUHM, 6yLLb TO: 3aKU- HOil<lTe.bHaJ1,lY.l!e611aJ1lLn[ I}JUlliIHCUIJ<UI AHrllllioliM nap.i[i\!l;'IjT6bL1 IIp<(iHII''1 HCKaKOfr-TOm;{I'.lbHoi1p;i.-IHOHII)[HII(:III IIJI<lCTI1 '-;aKOllllj[il- TeJlhllUII UJII1 CYJIt>6Hllli OH 6bl'l 110 {.,lOcli IIpllpoi[e IIHCTUT)'lll.\l IJUlC- mu llJ()/}fqe, TO ecTb nu.mml'lelKUM D'k'CTIl KaK TaKODOii JrUT XapaK- 'ccp aHrJUlHCKOm lIalLl<lMCIITa I<IIWlH(.' OTj)(l)t{(lCT(}1 1\ TCX Ha:-IIIaHWlX. K(IT(IJ}hIl;' OH ItMe-'1 C IIl'PliblX .'ll;'T {.I<IIt'I"O (}'IIIl;'CTI<OHaHII Ca"llIl;' p;i(:- IIpunVolHeHHOl;' lpeLII[ HItX "HJ,gh Court of Parliament (Bb1COKI1H CYil nalu<lM(.'t1Ta)" Wl11 IIpOCTO "Htgh CoUTt!> CKOpCC Hccm, I10j( :--ITI1M H"<t-IHiU111l;'M 1II1j1]Xl:i}'MeH<J.iJ(;)1 HJ[ilHHlIM c,;JY4<1e HCCYJIe6Hh]1 opraH D 06bIKHOIIt'HHU! .JHa'ieHIII[ ro C,lU1Ji:!, HU {.lIorOO IIpl1H1ITfI)1 TOro W[I1 1H01'O IX'IIICHI1}[ II pa,\IIa1X lIajJ_l<lIItCI-1Ta, Kffi"IIjJb!ii OI,I!1 04CHb 110- XII)!( Ha (:Y;K>I)HYIO IIPIllIt' lYJIY, IIpl'iIIlU:laraHIIIY'O ClICUUaHl1e nopllH, crU.'[KHOIIeHHl;' IlpoTIIIIOIIOJ[OlKflb[X MHeHI[i[ I[ T. it. Ha<ny "!b[("'lh HaBU- iU[l', II 'JacTHirTlI, IJTCyTCTIII1C OIlI)CJIC!ICHWI K TCpMI1HY "Hlg11 Court». K(YmpliC YI((l:-IbII<a".IO ObI H<I X<lI"iaKTl'P JICJl. l)aCCM<lTplIl<acMbIX B H] Kpo.\Il;' TOro, ("''''' I!MeTb 1\ IIIL\y. 'JTO {.Yitl;'6Hhll;' opraHb! B Cpc IHI1C BCKa Bb]CT)'II&ll1 II :mallHTC.,1bHOii MI"JII-' I[ KaK aJlMHHIICTJJa- TlIl<lIbl(.' opraHhl Hl'P'III1Tb (:YJll[Jffi!'J&'IO OJ!HIIIII)CICHHU .yllp,IIiJlJIl..... 11 {.U(JI"IIt'TCTlIt'HHO TepMI1H "cuurt» YlloIp<'f'URCJ.J ,,,!;I}I 116o:-IHa'JeHU.H aJlMHm!crpal'l1BHOITI lIpraHa C lUl1lXJh:IIM Kpyrml GIMbIX palHodJlXU'" HbIXII,.![acTl1bIXII().!IHOM04nii. Or("K).1.<I He C.Il'JI..veT, 'JTO aHlollll1rKI1ii lIap,lilMl;'HT 1I00611[l;' HC IIhl- no.ml5lJI HIiKaKliX CYCfiHb[X <PYHKIUJii B pJtlIC C-'[}"-Iacs OH cikrnOEla.'J HMCHHII KaK Bb[ClIIlli[ CYillfiHllil HHCTalllll1R T.aKlli[ IIp.aKTI1Ka IIO}[IIH- JJaCh HII HlllpOfi 1I0JlIIIIUHC XIV lIeKa. IIO(:"'le TUI"I\aI\ I1ap,J<alt'l1rclpH}I- MU o(,!.o perncllo pacc"!al}UlBaTb c.a 0 rocYMpcTBClllloii ..3NCIIC Bb[CIIIUX ..'ULDKHOCTHb[X lU1I1 Hl' II KakOr,blllOO K(jpOCIICKOM CYJIC, .a HMeHHO II 1I<l1)JI(jMl'HTC T{J];!a >Ke 11 cra.;m Yllorpe(UHThCJ.J Ha:-IHaHle IDIrllUiicKOI"O nap'l3\K'IlTa ,qBb[COKHf CYJlOM (High Court)>>. Ho pac- IIflirTjJID-JCHHblM OHO C.Jl('_Ia,IOCb. Ha'JI1HaJ1 C XV BCKa ' 01{1I1111 1t.1 IYHKII11ii <lH.-.UIHtKUlUII<lpmIMCHTa ObL'IO p<lU "prrpc' I111C Bb[pIDKCHU(,]X B nCTHUlUlX "iillJl()(j 'laCTHWX .qH,-! Ha TC }lI1 uu(,]e HapyruCHHH I[X npaB. T.aKa51 "{CSIT('..lbl10CTb OKa.1bIBa.aCb no CI'I()C\fY X<lJl3KU.'PY fl'II1:-IKOfr Key I(>I)HIIH 11,,!CHHO 3TO 11MC_I I< HIIJlY KOpc>!lh HKOB I. Ko.-a roBOplL1 II 1609 l"Olly: dIap_1aMC!lT 1IB.'l\ICTCH BbtCO'JaJi- I Co" M1;fls A. R. Parlmmmt. 1422-15"09 II The' El,,-h Parliament In (h Mlddlel\«csjEd_By D;n."C-'RG_3n<I DentonJ H M3111:11l"tcr.1981 P 141-184 
r"l1Ia IITIJpa><_ rOCYllilJ'CTHCIIIIII;1 (."lpoi, All, """lIa"",,}',," fX.'IIIV[lOIIIIIL 49 UlHM CY.l!OM npaDocym:HI. I[ nroro\IY lIau601ee nOllXODJIWIIM NeOOM lwa rom, 'JT06bl paJml'Jllb]e mUlb! )((&106 MOml[ lIamli eDoe COOTBe'f- CTB)'tO'-'-\l1' pa3peweIiHc. I . 01111aKo II 1605 1"011,)' RKOB I 3IDIB.,151J[ II CliO' eM IIbICTymlcHUIi ncpc nap.'la[CHTI\pl1J1MIt ,,::nOT B(,[COKHii Cy nap- !1a.\tCHTII (High Court of Parliamrol).. CCTb HC "rffi IIHOC, KaK Kopo- Jll'HCKIUi I<CJlUKUii COner (Kmg\; great Council), KliTOphlH KopJ.;Jh l:uUl1PaeT I"lUl IIU C![Y'1i11O To.![)WHaHI1J1, 11)[11 OTMeHb[ l:TilphlX 3al\0I10B, H!U1lU"JilaHH5It-JODb[X"". OTO[. 'HO nap.'la[CHT AJlrJiUH 6bLl no CBOI'ii npupOD;C uHcnny' TOM 6111LmU 6fKJliu.v', CHlIlI,CT('..1bCTilYCT U em HaJ1"ICHOBaI1I1C -«1l])('llCTa- tJlIIC-lbl1hlM IIp("aHO'-! !<Celli KO!)();JCI<CTni\ (the Body Rcp«'sCIltallve of 0111 the Realm)t-, 01 TdlOKe -«Be.IIKIIM COHen)M KopcJ)lel\<:TIJa (Creat CUlmlll of the Kmgdom)... OGa ;}TI[ Hill[MeIiOBilHI[H l:1<l'[11 npuMP- UHTbOI K ClHr.Ql1ikKOll-lY nap!J;I.'leUTY C caMom em D03HHlQIOBe[!lUI B nOK)'MeiITax, 0l]JaJK.110IUHX ileHTeJibllOCTb nap.lJ;l)leUTa Aur.QHH II nepBwe n;eCflHL1eTIUI XVII Bl'Ka. 011 '!aCTO o60.:mall&lCH 011110Bpe- MCHIIO BCC\!I1 1pC"UI CBOIlMIl IICl.1BaJIIUlMI1. Tal(, 3aIlIICb II -«JKyplla.'Jc na.1aTb[ 061U11Hi> m 19 r.Japffi 1603 ro,1a. aai)JUKCI1))()BaBWa5I Ha'IaJIO pa60Tbl IK'PHIIIU lIap-'ICII\-ICJ-na KOpc>JlJl RKoHa I, OTMC'1aJlil, 'JTO IK'PHO- HiI'1iL'lhllllil -I<I()(JTOn en) 1It'.,U!'1t'lTIJa 6hlJlII -«I<Ol:CO:-(![ilTb H 06HllnHTh 3<lKOIiW, )((113111, np;iBII1eIII>CTBa, C nOMOI1l.l>[O Be.,1l1'laiiwero COBeTIi Ko- pa.'lCBCTII3. - Bb[COKOro CYM napIIID.lCHTI'I. KOTOpblii, 6YJIY'IH COCTaB- !ICHHbIM 113 Tj)CX l(I">poopalillii (rT))(,llCTalIltTCJlbHorooprmffi HOrn racy- iWplTH<I). i'ihL'i. 110 IIObl'JalO, II Hl"OOXO.![I1MhlM (:IIOCofKJt c06paH H ffiJ)())IC Y:-Il""J),tI1HCTepe, npl1/l,tb!KaKlIIlt'M K I1Ip1VIY ]lOH.o1OHY. Me"tpOlIo.lIl1l1. 11)111 M<lTepUHCMJMV ruPOllY KOpO.lelKTWh t . LlefkTBYJI KaK npenrraDI[Tt')[blibIH opr.11i II COBeT BCerO KO!)().'JeD- CTB.l, nap.'laMel1T AJll"Jillil Db[nOJ[]15I.1 pO.1b apelibI. lIa r;uropoii npoUC- '«J1lU.1!O COl"!mCOBaJll]e nponmOpe'IIIBblX iUrrepecoll PaJ.11I'1II(,1X nCI.J1H- TII'I('CKIIX rpynlllJpoliOK Clllrm[iiCKoro -crna. BMl'CTC C TeM PaJ- IIIITI[C II rTCpllb[C lK'CSlTlLoICTHH ':;"'\'11 IICIa! IIHyrpclludi OpraHHl!!lH '"fI1eP"litica1WurbufJamesl wndun.1616,P.314 'Ib,rlP2(!7 . '1101O.:tllalI(1(OMYKIIlI'HlIIO I HI_' first care \\"-, [0 ",'crmt" :and ."n"w h.. La..... th" LJf" of C"",,-rrnTOlt, by the t ('A1\]lKi] of the KiAAJnlo. the iriSh Coun of Parliament; \\1]kh heillS rnmpnunded of th" Th= Est:at"., (th" Body RqJn:scm:atn'£ of th,s Commoll\\c:a"h) W"-'. of ("11'<Io-1111 and In a Manncr of t}' to be il"SLlllhkd at the CIty of W""tm,nstcr, :adJo'nlf1l( tu tb" City of LondDn, thc Metropu1", or MO!br City of the KII1gdom. (Thc,lnurnal. ofthc Hntl<;C nf Cj)nfl'CJlt' Lnndon, 1802_ Vol I P 139) 
50 IOp'LlIllC<&I,cal""I"KT" allnl<llCKOII fX.'''''-"KIIII''' 1640-1660 nlJ\un nap.;JaMeIlTa De.10 K TOM)', 'HO OIl 6parI ua cOO5J. nYCTb nOKa U D /l-i<UO- 33M('IHoii MaHCPC, I-J('Io.01'Oj)b ifJYHK[II1I1 HCllfL1HlnC IhHOii B.r[acTl1. Eo m.llpOii JI(})IOHI1He XVll<el\cl tI pall\ax 116el1x lIaJlaT n"p:Ia.\teHTa H,,<ia- JIll co:l1¥IB3TI>Cfl cneIllla.%lIb!e II.JU! "'1I36pauuue. KOMUR"ThI, npe.iUIa3- lIa'-lCIIII(,IC JL'l\I 06cy}!QCIII{}I TCX IL1H IIIlb[X KOIIKJX'TU(,IX BOnpOCOB. np<lBlliI, B TO 13pe)!5J OHI[ He YCl1JJI[Da..11[ poJ[b nap.r[aIl-leHTd B Mt"<aHIt3Me rocy.uapCTBelillOii B.aCTIJ, <I Clwpee oc.m15JJ[I[ ee. '--Iepe3 nocpe.'llTOO STHX KOMIITC'JT)B J(0I)()qCBa E,HCTa 11 C(' COBC'TIII[KH Morlll C OO'ih- mdi 3tfxtll....."11tHHOCTblO HJIIUITh Ha Xo}l paccMOl])CHJ1}[ pa:L11I'JHb[X 11)- cynapCTBellUb[X .l!e. B napmlMe!lTe. OrnenblioH rpYIll1e nap_aMeIlTa- pneB 6(,]JJO Jlef'le IlaB5J3aTL CBOIO DOlilO, 'leM OCI'''Y IIX c06pauiUo. Pe- meJ--{I1e )ll:t', IIpUHJ.JTlIe I< 1I1t'11I!<lJlbHOM lIilpJlaIlll'HTCKlIM I(lI"lIlTeTt', 'JilIlle ocero UIlp!;'J1eIlJlJlO lo6oii pt'IlJeHI[e Bedi 1Ia.aTb[ lIap.,aMeHTd O;\HaKO npoitcXQl\IIBIIJ('(' B ncpB(']C IJ;CCflHL1CT!15J XVII Helm Cu' BCpWCHCTEOB''IlII[C IlHcTll"ryra CnCI!Ha.r[('HhIX KO!I[TCTOB IIpCBpaTlLO !IX D $lKrop, cnocu6crnoBalJllluf[ YlltJ[eHl1lO BJIaCTII nilp.'la!I:'IIT<I. Ha- pJillY C KOMltTeT<lMI[, co;u;m;II!IIlliMIIC5J lL<15J Bb[pa6un.1I npelIDilpurellb- HOro IX'IIICIIU}! 110 KaKONy-lll60 KOHKjX'THON)' 1iO[1))(}(;Y U COCTmlHlIlII- MU U::\ Hl-6n.ilhlIlOn l]"!yllllhl lIap.'Iit\!CHTapUeH, raI< H<I:ibll<aCMblMU 401136pa!lIIbIMIl KOMilTeTIllI-m (select committee).., B aurJlllficKOM nap- .'13.\((,Hfe CTaJlH q,opMI[pona'ThCfl nOCT05J1I1I(,]C KO\IIITCTbI, npenl101la- rdDllll1e Y'IiIlTlJe D pacCIl-tOTp!:HI!I[ lteJ[ {. IIp<ltJOM ro!loca IIPI[ UPIIHflTlII[ peweHI!5J Bcex <i.enOB n,L1aTb[. OIiU nOJ[)"II[.'JIIIIJU"[I:'IIOD<Ullte "KO!I[- TCTOB Bcdi na.aTb[ (comnutu:cs. of thc whole House),.1 06cYJKJJ.l'HUC ] B "'YPllaJIe ""CeJl3IlIt (hoaT" OOUlIlII. COCTIIlIlJIeroc 3 IlOlIfjp 1640 r "". 4>IIKc.llj)(JllaIlU, 'HII u ,,-,ur ;J;ellb Ub(.,"IJI L"W.il>IIII>I K".\lllTeT ued; na."IaTb' uu Illll1poca>l pc.''''.1I11 (A c.Hlilltt"" IIf tk \\'hol House lor Rcbp;ion). K"'"IT't"T Bcdi na.,ar.. uu )1("'00"" (A Q"nmin.... uhhe ,,11111e HIIlIse for Griel'<II\t."'). I<O"'IT"'" ",.ell n...1TbI 111I Cy;:u.., Iljml!lCY.1urn (A Cumrmlt"" of the "hole Huw;" lur Cuurts of JU'lice). KolllTeT Breii n"'rIThI 110 IIplllJlI.,enmM: (A Committee of the \\1lOle flOllSt' for Pnv,kges). Ko""TeT ",.ell H... IT"' "" mpruB.'" (AC""t",,()flhe\\1}()le Huu", for Trade) Il.'q1. 4mll KmlIITeThl. roopllTCJI B yKa....lIIIIO'l "'Yf'J-n>W. II>!eKIT no.lHO- 'U""e"'lJlpawllllaTb)<'IIHbl..KIIIIIH.llpolUl(V'Ibl.6}'Manl.ubl3b1""Tb;J;o.-m:II"'-"T- Hh'X',IILY"arTIIIII(Onll("II'IJjCTC.....i:a11lK)j(cRl"'.......T"..""C.").]IIII"".",COI\CTIIII1(0n; Il.1lO!I)I(llblnxhnllb n1l!11ITeCBOfl MHeHII !OT'IIITb!I<1'Tb('>! lIepell ueii oCBoeii P<'Go- ,.". (The Journal" of [he House of Common"_ London. 1802_ Vol 2_ P 21)_ Or... IlMeHYlOTCJlIJ "'yptrue ..r.qa>!brMjll("tllreraMIi (Grand Committ)... HM npellOC- TaB.""CTC II()J[JlO"U""e(] IlmuliX P'l\lKa"tC}'6I<mn=,_ TaK.lIallpliMCp.II )I().pHa.,e-.aa;1iI><1IJ]na.'aT"T06lu.H.cocTIIIII\,"eroc22.'lcIta6pI640r_.ynmllHaeTClI LOO"'ITCT CIXIaollnbJii 1"1"<'" 1Io"l paIT'lKJI]XlIII>I 0611"nCIII'" Y"lluepcllRTOH nu f1JIC'l\ICTYPC.1IIIT....(,h,d_P5S) 
r"lalla IITIJpa><_ nICY,IdJ'CT1"-"IIII;1 (."lpoi, AIILOllllllaKiJII}'lIl' fX.'''''-"KJIIIIII 51 rocynapCTBellJlI>IX D,eJI B TaKHX KO"UlTI'T.IX lie nOll'lI[II&1OCb C1pODiM IIpalUuaM lIapJl3MCHTCI..oIi IlpoIlC'1..Vpb[, IlOOT!WY Ii I1X p3MK3X nap.,3- MeHT"PflU UMt'JIII I«):I'-UI)KHOCTh 60}1C(' .--JlyUlIKO HHUKHYTb tI (:YIILHOI;Th TOM lUII[ IIlIoil np06.'IE'''I(,]. B;nulllIIe KOpoMI I[ TaflilOro concm ua PCWC]II1H "THX KOMIITCTOB CBOll[I.OCb K MHIIII"I)'M}'. TaKlIM OOpa3o\l. K HiI'JiI.,1Y pt'BU,1IOUl1II 1640-1660 rO.l!OB YHKIU[I[ ilHr;IIIHcKoro lIap.,1a- MeHTd .'I,i1..'Jel(U BbIXO.l!I1!1II 3a npe.1le.b[ no,111O"IO'J\111 'JIICTO 3aKOH01\il- Tc"%HOiilLlaCTH. C["\l,11> >KCCJ[())!(HbIM 110 CHoei1IOpIIJl,lI'JCCKOii 11110J[I1TH'JCCKOii npupo.!le JlB.'lIUCH I[U(1lITYTelUmo.m['111011 KCl)J<L1eDCK0l1 1L1aCTI[ rex solus uml k[[l.g out of parlIament. llaJlllb[11 IIIICTIIl)'T I[ B IIOClUJIllret' tIfX."'aJ Ht' Ih (Yl"Ht'lTlt K KaTCI1JPln! TO!lbKlI U(IIOJlHI1Te!lbHII1111!1i\lTI1. He 6bl.'[ OH 11("I(J[IO'JI[TeJ[bHO 1!CII()"lHIITe IbHUI1 BJIaClbJ() I[ DU IlpeMeHa YIJ.b.\IMa n,'J"'IKCTOYlla. Ho Cil\C 6o.cc O'[CBlillllb[M JIB.ol5I("]CSI "TO npn- MCHUTC.l(,HO K ncpBWM llCCHT[UCTII5IM X\ 'n BCKa. & Ha TO, 'ITO ILlitCTb KOpo.'I5I-D-nap,laMeIiTe PUIT,l'[<lCb npilIJOBe,ID",U TOro ope- Melin .6o,1ee Be.U[KOI1", 'IeM era 1L1acTb Dlle nap.1ia"lellTa - KaK e1(n- Ho.;m'lHoro IiJ[aCTIITC'UI, ncpBIDI HC Mama 0I1JaIiIl'JIITb IJTOpylO, He Ha- PYlIlUIJ "1}'H..'IiI"!CHTaJlbHblX ilHI ,lItikKflX IIpallOljbJX IIpflHllitIIOII. lllt';OH WHII'J ljohn Finch, 1584-1660) flOPJl-fJIaBllblil CY.1lbH CYM 06il\ID.: T.\])1(6 B 1634-1640 ro;r,ax - IUBOpIL'J B 1637 ro1J,.V B CBoel1 (>e'm Ha npullmt' IIU .'It''.Y J])KUHiI X'tMIL'[eHa .AKfb[ nilp;!;]Mt'lITd MUI)'T yG- paTb I1BeTb! I! YKpiIlIK:'!II[H KOPUllb[, HO lie GIll-I)' l\opot1y... HI!K.UlOIi aKT ITap.,'IilNCHTII He MO>J..C"r JlULLlHTb Koporu:I cro KOPO!lCBCKOii B..acTH, Tal( 'JT06b[ HHKaKI1C 'K-M11 He JICj1}[G!.![11Cb 6b[ OT Hero, HJII1 >Ke .qI111n!Tb ern npUCHI"II ua nepllOCTb OT CBOIIX nOlJ.ilaIlllbIXI. I1ap.ruu<JeIiT Anr.QI1II 06.;Ia.ila. OI"poMIiOH BJI3CTUO, 01\lIaKO C03b[- tlaJICH 11 paclIycKa!IOI 0011 IIU YCMmpeHulO I\opu IJI, l\lTfUPhIii }[dlCTHU- D<Ll B .-JIl.... C;IY'fiUlX KaK €J1UHU,"II!'JHb!f! lL'Ia("TlfTe,lb. Y'JaCTIII!K npo- uccca 1637 rO)la no JIMY X:wmlclla PoOC-pT EcPK.'IiI, 3allHMaBWUI1 B TO BpC15I noCT CYllbU CYM KrljXl>lCBCKOii Ch:mtbll, roBopL'I B coocii pe'll[ ,,51 BepJO, 'J1U no $r1-w.a"It'HTa.ilbIlO"1Y 3aKolI)' A,ll.i7UU Ifup_a- Mt'l1T JlB.'JHt'TCJI QI5lqu.II (.OOema1l Kopo..'/.J/ U Kopo.'iff301I6{]. 'ITO 011 ecTb IJCJUl'la(III11I1'i, Hau6u;J€€ IUI'1C-fllh]lllt IK'PXUI<Hbli'i CY,'I II Kopo I(.'JjCTJje; I At:ts of Parliament 1ay t.1ke away Flowers and Ornament of the Crow. "!!t nO! tkCmwn IL,e1L No Act of ParllameO! can "ar a K,"",of "JS Rq:aln:y.as t"at no l..and.should"oldof"ln1;orl1ar"'rnoft"eAllew' l lCCofhlsSul:Jccls.(ACorropire Collection of Stat.Tnab and ProceeihlW for Hl,Kho.Trcason.md other Cr'lnes and M,sdui>CilliOlUS Votl P6B7) 
52 IOpltiIICUd'cacIIl'K"n. allnllllCKOII fX.'HI'-"K>III'1I 16401660 fllAon '{TO HI1 O.l!ml 'JeJlOBeK lie HO;'])I(eli Mb[c.}rrb '{ero-.QI160 noooplioro 0 HeM' O)lHaJ(O lIo.1IJO)lbTC MHC CKa1aTb, 91'0 He 6onu.>, '{CM Coa:m; CKa- :i(lTb "l'aK HC :-ma'iWl" IIII(UlIfIUTb enr. KIIP(Lh I\IOft..t'T C03b!HaTb ero, nplll>CTIlUaJJmlBaTL ero ,&eme.'Jb!lOCTh, pacnyCKaTb ero no CDOe\IY )j(e- !!allmo, 11 '-.!TO 6(,] KojXI.% IIIJ C1(c.mUl B MIIUOM OT!lOWClIl1l1, 91'0 BCer,!la 6yneT npHHI[M<ITbOI KaK l"IIpafJl'.lL1l1Boe II I1Mue..I. (}qepl1:U-iO. '{TO B ytl<t3allliOM c""I)"Jae KOJJU..1b neilCTIJOBa!1 He D K<l'JeCTDe HeoTbeM- !ICMoli 'JaCTI[ lIall'la.\ICIiTa. 110 KaK C)lIIIIW[I['JHb[i1 B!I'iCTII1"C!lb rcx 'iOlus TaKlIM 06pa3ON, IIOCl1Te.'l\IMH DepXOBIIOi:'[ BJJa("1lf B AlIml[l[ 6b[- JlllllaKa]l)'lle peBOJlfOUlIII 1640-1660 ro1\OB no.IITII'Il'CKlle IIIlCllny- TbI, Hhtllyllallillue 1I.!b-fOllpCMCHHO Ii HC(.KlUhKHX Ka'Jl'("ltIit..... U{JIII;(- HDllllle MHOJI<.eCTOO l!JYHKUH111 UIIlJpaBWl1ecH B cDoel1.l!ef!TeJ[bHOCTH lIa pa3U(,lc npaBOBb!C CIICTCMW. O<ICBlI)\!lO, '-11'0 non06IiIDI KOIIC1]J}'K- UH IK'p)'"()IJHoii 1L1aCTI[ YIKC caMa no cCOe ffl3J¥lB<l1l3 npCD,nOCbLKH 1L'Jf!OC1peI'lI.lJerono.lml'lt'CI(Orol(oIIt)11Illffil'llpa--IQil'Jllb["II[rpyrr- nHpomea'!:lI npaBf!IUero OIOf!. CTO.KIiOBelllJe Mf'>K!IY "'opa1/l"11 I[ nap- latCHI3pIUlMI'1 f'ibUIO IIpl1 TaKJ1X YC.'[OBI1JIX HCI1..Il')I{Hb[I. Ho IIpl1 mo- 6l1M Tt'4CHlnt K(JIIl!J.'lI1I\Ta Jl)"IIIIIJM IibIXO.ilOM II;! Ht'11I IIK<1:ih]Ba'IOI KOMnpoM}[Cco. B3<1UMOCBf!3b Pa:JJlH'lIIblX liIICTIIT)'1OF B CHC')1:'Ne Bep- XOBHOH rocynapcTBclilloi:'[ BJJaCTII AUI"JIIJIJ l1MC,la TaKoii xapaKrCp, 'ITO pi\;IPY'lieliHe O.ilHlIru Ii::! HIIX HeMIIII)'I:'MO Il.IeK.lu;!a co6oij pa:JpYllleHlte npyroru. I1.tp;,]i\[eIiT lie Mort}JyIlKUI[OliilpoB<lTb reJ l(opo..leBCJ(O][ (J.,"la- CTII, liO II KOpO.b fiB nap.,'JaMCHTIl He Mor ndkTBOBaTl, B iJ,OCTIlT04HOfi "Il-pc 3tfxPCKTI1HHO. nOJt06t;-lliI poKOBIDI 1J:1aHMOCIJJ!:'Ib lIo.rUIl.,1'JCCKHX 11Ul"l....'yWD npolil[3blBa.a neCb rocynapcmellliblil CTpo Anr.1111! c BepTillIU(,1 1[.l!O C<IMb[X oCIlOBaUII". '4Icontc....thathythefundamenlalLa\\ofEngiand.theParhamentl_'ConIl' Ie c<J#JI1/iwnRRgisC,'Regi!i,that;t is the gI'\'3tt'St. the moo\ billJ[]lIl'ahleand sllpl'\'llll' Court m the K,dom, that no Man ou;::1Jt (0 thmk an\l d........1IIr.!/Ik tlnngof It: yet giw me leave to say so,sno OIo;brJPrllrto 1\ TheK'may("aU;t,;t,dlSso'\'e lI,ath," PIrosun.;and \\"htheJ<JngdothtiK're'n ,"a1w"Y"tobetaknforJmt :and ....CC'<'i<II"V (A Completc Collecllon of Slatc.Tnals P 626) 
r JIABA TPETb51 DPEPOrAT11BbI KOPOflEBCKOBflACT11 B AHffl1111 B DEPBbIE l(EC5ITWIETIDI XVII BEKA 11 DET11IJ,115I 0 DPABE 1628 rolIA 1. nomrme KOponelK'KOii npeporaTHIIN HeeB1\!I.b1 B "KO",,,[eHTdplIJ1X Ha JhtT..'ITUHiW npaBUBe.!l 3nyapJ[ KYK .l!aIJM c"1eil)'lurneeOrrp<:'.I.e"leIIHe repMHlIY <>npepor.ITHB<V>: "Pr;erogatwa npo- I[CX())IHT OT C,'JOB prEe, T.e. /1,0', 11 1Of¥»e, TO ccn cnpawl[BaTb 111111 7pl6ooan,m'Ia["(JIJfIC"OJHO, 113 hOlopbIX 11O"IacTCplrelOj!priw, 060. 3!1a'JBIOIlli\.H lIallDb]('llJIIl[ opnm. 1I0TOM)' 'fTO XOTH ala npOllleJI o6e na.'JaTh], JlOp.!lOB ! 06W!!JI, B nap.'Ja\leIlTe, 01\IIBKO o TOro. KBK 011 CTaHl'T .-JatmI1I1M, liB Hero JIO,l;!l(HO 6hlTb UCllpIllIleHQ, U.'l\1 ll'.pe6:)Ha- HO, !J.'II1 llOClllrH)'TU KOJXMt'lICKot' cor..'liIU[e, II B <JlUM ;;<\I(J[IO'1aeTOI COOCTBCllllb[H n!(,]c., .Il31U10ro TCpMltlla. Ho IOpll1l[(,[CClill OII pacrJIX'C- TpaWlcTcH I-Ja Bce npaBOMo41U1, npcIIMYU{CCTIJa .. npltBlt.CDlI I«)- TOpb]e 3BI\OIIllaeT IWPOIlt'... £p;:tKIOH (Klio. I) D oollOM Mecre HilJb[DaeT <ITa IJOJIbUOCTINIi (hbe[tatem). B lIpyroM KOpo.'JeDCKIIMIJ npHDH- ..'lcnut"1I1 (l1Tl\'Ilcg1Um rcgIS); EplITTliH (c.ICI..VI-] W I (fIcpI<OIY BCCT- MI1HCfl'j"l(I<:(I"ty claryI)'. - B.T) - IIpalJlI"r KUpo.!lj.l (onllt Ie TOY, JUS 
54 IOpltillllCUJlcacIIl'Kn. a'"-IIIICKOII fX.'HI'-"K"1IIII 16401660 fllAon regillm)' I! npaBO)'! KOp0.1€BCKOft KOPOllb[ (illS reg[lIffi coronre) I! T.l1..1. 00110611b]M )j(e unpelK:''»I1 npeporcmmy Ij YWJb5IM £,1:':1)(' CTOYI!. "Oo)l CJlOHO1 upq>oran!lJa, nilea-, Ol! B CBOI1X "Kn.\!MCHTa- PWIX K JaKOliaM AlIr.'JI!II", - MbJ o6blKUOlJellUO nOUIiMat'N TO oco6oe IIPCI1MYII(CC11'11\ hompoc KOPO![b lir.tC<.7 OTHOClt1"e..'lbI!O 11 CBcpX Bcex npyr11X ][HIII1 KOTOpoe BIneRaeT I!J 06bl'-moro nopmu(,l common law B Cft(]IHlflII<HU C IIpal<OM KllpIl;J(.'tJCKOro JIIIl-IOIIHCTI<3. OHO o(x:uHa'Ja(..'T D cDOeft <JTIJ\lQ;IODm (01" proe I! rogo) ne<rro IICTpe6yeMOe ILH IIcnpa I1II1Balr.tOC ilO, 1!1I1 B npcil,lI04TClme KO FJCI J[pyn1M 11 OTCIOJ[3. c.!le- !,VeT, 'JTO OHi\ lO'lAH"oI UhlTb 110 cl<oen IIpllpO.ile 1("101104Im'1hHIli1 l :JKCUt'IiTPHl[IIOf[: II MOJKeT npllMelLIITI.cH TCL'IbKO K 1"('M npa8<1f I! cno- CUUI1OCUIM, KUTUpbIMl1 KUPU:lh 1I0JlhJyeTOI O.lll1H I< IIpunll<OllO.'lOJ)\- 1I0CTb K l1.pyrnM, 110 IIC K TC'-f, KOTOPb[MI1 011 1l0m,.:JYErCH COIIMl'CTIiO C KaKHMlh116n (.,mI}'!U 1I00lililHHbIMI1: Toll( KaK t'CJII1 Uh] KaK<Ul-HI('YJlb IlpeporaUlBa KOpollbl Morna O)lIlIDK!lbI 6WTI, OC)'lliCClB..'lHt'Ma COIIMCCT- HO C II01lJl<lHHI>IM, OHi\ He RJ[H.'lacl> UI>[ 6u..,t'€ IIpepol<lTljPOii»' YIL'IMIM CTa66c OTMC'-l&l B "KOIICTIrrymlolillof[ IJCTOplUl Aur. Jum», 'iTO KOpo:It'lI(.KaJI npeporanma Ht' uhl.la II ClIUt?>! IlpoHl re- 11][11 Bb!MbtC.1JON TCOpcntKOB. Olla Bwpoc.a HJ onpe.!lCJle[l!Ib[X YC.10- mui Hallf!OHil.i[hHU[ JKI!3HI!. 113 KUTOpb[X KaI(I1t'-TO C)'[I1t'lTlK)(J<I.1II 11.0 IIOpMaiUlCKOro 3aIJO('B31IlJH, .Ilpymc 6b1JUI pc3y.'JbTaToM aTOii BC.'JliKOW IlCJ1C\1CH(,[, TpITI>I1 }]BlLIICb C.1C,'\CTBHCM oco6c,lIlIom XO)\a 1lI>aB.CHHW f€Hpll'ti:Illll€rullac.'1e.'lHIIKOB.... 11.1 IlpJlHe,'lCHI1(,[X onp(';l('.(,IIIII1 KOpo'ICDCKoii llIX'poraTlIBW BHJ\ HO, 'JTO iJllr.ll!!("I(Ht' IlpaBUBe.'lbI HiJJbllJ<IJ[1! ilTIlM repMHUOM lit' 'Jr06b]e IlpCI1MYIllCCTBa I1JII! npHBI1JICn!H IIDf>OIlCBCKOH BJIacTl1, HO .1HI!lb ya- 1 npailY KOp<J..'" elieUIla.",,1O I]OC"lI!ella nan" XIX "'''''.11 I-.paKTdl"d _liPIIT' YOH", KOTOpa>llIIIO IlaJbllkleTCJI O Ilpal'lE' I(Opo.l"" (De Dreit Ie Roi&  up'".'III".'b!IO." TeKne, IHUIIIC<UIJIU." IIa lllJ,,,.jJp.n'-I.Y:!lKU" H:!blKeo. II .Of Ihe kJIJ's rights. B rJepeno.1e lIa allr.,,";i("l(l!;; J[.lb[I(). C>.r. Britton. The French te1 carefiJlly re\1sed, \\";111<<<1 EnJi,hlr..lI>IlliOA. i,lIJnolutn"Hmdnu[esJ.>v FnnllsMurgHII Nic.huk Oxfrml. 1865_ Vol I P 69-74 '(:()ke E. The First Pan of the Institute:; of the L\\\-S of EngI.nd, or A G"""""""'upon L,U]elOn Thelhnt""och ""](lon_ London. M oce LXXV (1775) POOh. -, BInt:kiraJe W Commentarlesonthe La,,'Sof England Book thfirst Oxford, M nce LXV (1765) P 232 'Stulh. WThcCllR>lJlutlOna'H"tol)'ofEn.gIand,nltson,Wnanddft;L Oxford, M DCCC XCVI (U:!96). Vol 2_ P 54:! 
Lalla TJX.'ThH npepnI"dTIIBbi KU(XI'ICPCI«JH &"Ial"TII n A"n,," 55 Kfle, MiTOJlliIe IlMeqll npaooBoe OCilOlkllllJe. Xapalcrep <JTOro OCIiOBa- liB}! BO MIIO["()M OllpCJlC;m][ HWlIlPCP0I"aTl1Hb[. MIIOIIiC Uo.!IHOIII()lU!}! KOfXJ!1Jl Oa:JllpUEa.UlCb lIa PUII.ICK(IM IIpaE!;', K(HOfXl(' IIMCHOHiJ..lOCh llpa- DO[ llIIBIL1(,lIb\[ (Clvillaw) WJIJ npaOOM lIapo.!lOB (lm>." of nations). COBOK\'nllOCTI> TI\KlJX nomloMo<lI1ii U\lCIIOIJa'JaC('aOCOJllOlHOtt 1L1113K- crpa npepOI"aTliBoii. UeJlb[i1 Pll KOpQ.'JWlKIIX IIO;[HOMO- qllil 1I1(, I UIOIIM (X"IIOB,UIllt?>1 allr.'JI!I1C1We common law IJ.qll (.r.m'Tb[ Alir lHiicKo["() Kop".IUiCTIKl II no.'lIlOM04H5I npCllCTaB.'lH.1U co6o.ii op.ltIIH3pH}"IO IIJILporaTIIBYo. HCKOl"OJIb[C IIWlHOM04it}[ KfJ(X"J..ICHCKO]] D:JaC1l1IIpCmCTelGL11I113 CD5IweJIIloro ffilcaUllii II COCTaB'UL'Jll npepo- ranlBY no HOMy npaD)' (Jus divillum). qrTBCpTIUI rp)'II!Ia IIIJllIUI.I!;'1l1i:i alll:,ullkKlII"O K(IJ)().!I1 !I(HOBblHa.;J;;Cb II;; !jX.'I!J-..a;JhHIIM UpalJe n YCCKUM Olb[(.'le - JUs feodale Ee "IIDKHO HilCIBaTh  npe- pOI"aTIIBott. YKaJallllbIC npcfX1ffiTHBw OllpCJlCJlR,H 'JCTWPC pa:LlIt4I1b[X I])allll <lHr;mikKOlI IOllapX!lII. IIpl! OCyrut'CTB'lt'H1I11 atXallomllou npepom- mU6b1 KOpo.1b .l!eUCTDOB<L1 KaK cYBepemu>lii roCY,lI.apb (Sovereign Lord) II-'ll! lIMIIepaTop (Emperor) HI CTb KaK IJlaua mCY;13.IKl"B(J, HC.iaBl.[("lIlI.lh]1 OT KaKIIX->1.!i'i1l .!HI. Ipat1HblX mCY,l<Ipoi II (}T I\,IaCIII pnMcKoro !laIibI. OcymffTBlIDI OpOrmapHylO 'lp('JJOlamuey, KOpoo.% BW- CTyna.'1 B KaljecTBC oepxoBHOIO npaBIITe.illI (Supreme Governor), TO t'CTb ('aMuru Db[«IKflIU .l!OmKHulTHOro ..'1II1l<l n CII(_ Tt'\It' YIlP;Ut'lt'H1l5I AHrmJcii. B UT.111'llle OT a6ru1WT[IOI'[ npeporan1BbI. lIar\e,UlBwell MO- lIapxa rTJIIIBOM .4clic1uJBaTb HCK10411TC][bHO no CBOI'MY YCMOTpClIlUO, op..tllHapllID1 IIpcpOlllTIIH.a UPC,1I1o.,J.a['aJ[.a OfiH3aHHOCTh KOPO!j}[ COrJI.a- COBb[BaTb CDOU lreflCTBll51 c nap;oJaleUTOM. B lopn.ml'-leCKO1 D-lb]c.'1e KOpa.'1b II nap.'IaMeIIT D(']CTyna.'II1 B aTOM c.1)"lae KaI{ el\HU(,]ll Opl"all ro- CY1L<;pcn>eHHIIi1 IJ;JaCTlI KllpU.'Ih-H-llap!Ia.\tt'HTt' (kmg-Io-parhament), 3T0 (oelllHeHlte KOPUqt'IKI\-uii B!1a(1l1 C lIap][<lMt'HTCKUii 6b1')(J He npo- CTO TCOpcTlI'lCCKoft KOIIUCnL\lleit &.1 nuwro COC)\ltUCIIl[5I IICDOJIItO)l(- 110 61>Lqo o6oitnlCb B KOHKpCTH(,]X YCqOBlIHX aHl"'lIIiicKoro 06ll!ccTBa. C'llIt'Cl1JOBaHlle ClLlbHOro, caMOCTOTeJlbHoro MeCTHoro GII'>[oynpaB- }]t'UlI5I, C U1UlOr[ CTOpollb II orcyrcTDlte D p<lrnop5l)l(elllill KOpoo.eB- CKO1 I<Jlacm pa:l<cnUCHlloro alluart;:ua «x:YJ1<IJX:n!l-'J-1HlJm YlJpaluc- H'lH .IIlOCTUflHHII.l apM.!.!, C J[pyml CTUpUHhl, J!t'.Ia.rlll C01"pYltHl!'lClTIJO KOpo.'l\I1J nap.1<1MellTI\ npn npmrnnm 3aKOliOB lIeo&.roJUlMOCTb]O. PaJ- npo6;oJCllltOC Ita ypoBIiC MCCTIIOro c.aJ\JoynpaB.CIIl[5I, allr.'IltiicKOC 06- Illt'lTpO 061>e.:uIHH..'lOCb Hi! Deplll1lHe rucYJ1.<IpcTUeHHOii !t'[<lCTH - B co- lO3e KOpOWlIJ naluaMe[ITa. 
56 IOpltillllCUJlcacIIl'Kn. a'"-""ICKOII fX.'HI'-"K"1III< 16401660 fllAon nl'fpOtnmUea 110 &rnocCTflflUI1KJty npae.1/l1jIIlH.J.,IJlC)!((\"'13 KOpll,.'lIO KaK H3MeCTIUlKy &ra Ha ;jt'MJIt' (God's Lieutenants upon earth) B OTJII1'il1e ur a6ru.'JIOTHOl[ ('IKl-.paoPllIUiapHOfi) 11 UVllflllapHUii npe- pOrarHI<, (:t)nOHI<IIIIIX H:i KOHKjK'l-HblX IIQrIHII.\!lI4I11i K(Ip<U}1 H COOT- AeTl rnt'HHU OJlpej(t';UIIJIIII1X I\IIHtqlt'THhlt' ntJCPbI npaI\TI1'lt'll\lII1) IIpU- Mt'HeHlUl KUpClIIt'DCKUl[ B.aCTI1, naHtiaJI npepor.trHJJ.a IJMe'la BeCbMii aCII"Tj'"J<lJCI110eCOJ((.1))f{aJ-111C. Olla I<hlpa:lKal3Cb I<COHIIKYIiHOCTl1 pa:'IJlI'l- HbIX Ull'{l,1IJl"II'Jl'(.KI1X KOHIIt'II/{Uli, :J<U\JJfo'II.'UlI<IIIIIX BblCoKl1i:i (To\Tyr I((J- po.;m D 06n{txTDt'. }lKUII 1 D (.ooeil pt'411, IlpoUJHft.t'HHUI1 D lIoIp!la"!etiTe 21j31 "t3p1a 1609 1610 I"OJW-, 0\':lI60 BbVICJlH.;J CpCi1l1 9THX 1\0Hnc1IIIHfi' 1) KUHIIt'1I11\1HI6l1.11\:t'crueHHIIIII\,'laCTI1 (dl\'mt' PUW!;'I"), CH}t:Jblffi\HlIIlVIO KupwteIJlK)'1U 1L"I,KTb C B'I<\l"Th1O 6oro\l; 2) lIilTpHi1pXa.:lhtiylU KUllilell- 111110, YIIO,loO.'l}[HIII\y1O B!IaCTb KOJ:IO)!}I 1>3[&:1"11 mrrpllilpxa 11al>b[ CC- Mbl1; 3) KOHllt'lIIl(1lO, CUII()(Tau..rl}llOll\ylO KlIpOJ!}I C IThlOllllH I< 'Jt'.'IOIJ!;'- 'Jt'uwIIITeJ[e! nJX-ponrnma, OCHOHaflHID[ tia (JO».cC1l1CflHOM IIpa1!C, HC J\aHa.![a KlIp<J!1K1 I<O:itOlKlI()C"flI :l.clicl"I<OHaTb IIpIU:-IHlLlhIlO. Hallprn1H, I< ca- MOM CYllit'CTI.It' &.w..enUt'HHuti lIpt'poraTl1DbI 6bIJII! .-Jd..1O}f<,€tib[ OrpaHll- I no C1!UBiI/II }lKoua I. KOJXJnll UlpaBe!\.lloo Ha3b16,UOTl. 1>ormGI. TaK IGIK OHII IICYIQ"'-"TIIJ[HIm"06p"'"JUI[](U"j06l1c5mKCC"rnc,...oiillJlacTIIHa"""_,,,," nom "'Y'ITIlCC' 1l1111;\("(")IOTJJt'ThlblenpI131IaKIIE'>ora.T06YlleTB'L1110,""KOHIICXOI\IITf" B '1""OCTIiKOpo.rrn_ oorm'C<'TB..aCTbCmlL1HaTh 'L" pa.'pyruaTh,QlIICJIli'R1>'L.lllle concp'"aTb no cHocii n01le,1i'f'OI"CTh>!('''Hb'IJJ'' HaC"lJIaTbC.......... o::.'!])lTbllCeX II ,"If\O\IV"',6L.-nlllll'QiII,."..eT11b"'.IIIII"-.....;{'...,.\I BLFJ.Ullmnllll:",oellJJ.C/JaTbDLlCO' KOC"';3KJI" IIOCll<X'ii oo..c,III301yoo...la,"" KaKi1j""JI.TaK IITC.:ta. I1 nj'lOfiHoD ......."ThI.u6.,1Jj31UT KO",,","IJI: O''''llJ.loldl[Jf II Y""'fTU>KaKJTUlO.,." IIWli1iIllJlWX (they make..ndllnmake[hc'r"*}o'......'CIOTB..aCT"BO.ll1b'lIIaThlll1l[prnn,;lIaii }f('U'Ib"'HI\lfJllhllIY;:UlTbut"eXI.UOIiXIIO"-'\'''IIIh'XIIUOUC''''CIY'fdJl'<.''npHJro>''' IIIII\IlI'II'TIlbllIJNl\fy.pa.'"TOJlbKOI3OJ)' O''''OO'J:lil3llll" B."IaCTb", II03nblUlaTb 1III:"'oe 0IIIIUlIQilIlTblbllO><Oe.UMOlyr!J.t>JJaTbl.OI"lJOJI.\lUIIWWdIIIWM..-.-o,'ITo;{e.1aKJT."1QaI1 C 1IeUJM1{" II o:J"">'P"\lllp ..."" B Illd"<" Varnes 1. A Speech to the Lonb and COlDlIUJ< ohhe Parliament <It Vl1]ite-hnn, On We<1I..-..!W the XXI Of M"IIch. AlinO 1609 [16101 The Political Wor\u;ofJill"es I. P.307) , }IKOn 1 ITIRnpll.:t 06 ""'_'I 6YKR;J..11,HO C.;II<\VI-OIllee: .A K;118 i truly PaYfflS patna . the political rather of I"s r>o'Oplt' (Kopo.lb "'-To UQ)l,iUllIJlb,ii Ole" Rlt"Ihllil. II01lJlTII"cn",HOTf:]JCl\OCmHapo;la)(d)Ldenl).lIo4T11TO)l(CCa"OCY"ml"""'limRpac' CMaTpflBaeloe BpeIH tI cBoeii Klllll"€ ..B 3111![lITY np;'Ba Kopo.1eii ""l.llilrKllii 11jJ.1Bo- BC113 <DoprC"IT' .Thc I'nn"elsParrPalna, the bnheroftheCounm,y (Mf1HapXCCTb Grell 0re4emtil. OTeI1 ("Tpa'"'& (rolX('(( E. A PofEI\t:t' "f the Right or" Kings. london. 1624.P23) "..K;n,g.' arecomparro to the head of thIs IIII("l'(tCrn[] "f the body "f man (Ko' P"-'" CpaDlU!MLI C C.",IIIO," 'IIKjJOKOC'!a 'Ie.IOOC'felKLlffi "".'a). -:<a>I1IJlHJl }lKOO 1 (,h,dem) 
r"lallaT}X.'TbH npepnI"dTIIBblKU(XI'ICIOCI«JH&"Ial"TII..A'"-"I1II1 57 qemrn npmJ300_a KOpoJIeI!CKOH llilacTlI. 30 IIOH6pH 1601 l"Oilii Kopo- .qClla Er[113aHCTII ITIIIOpli1a lIap.;JaMCHTaplIJlM: dtf TaK KaK 51 CCTh Ta fkpCUHa, KOTOpllil Het' elllt' IIpdibJl<ilt'T 1I0il ""laClhlll Ema, TIIII<J.'rro- MY, 3<1HB.'JHIO nfu\J l'O(»IIffTBeIlIlO, Mile HOBepellO BreMorymefi BJIa- CTblO Eara6[']T['cro HIIC1pYMCIlTOM.l\.UI ICIIIlH BaC OT JaBll- CTI[, Uni1CHUlTI1, fu.ql'lTlIJI, nlJJOp", H!pallllil II HiIl.1t,111J1.. 51 .JHiI!O, TI11)'1 Kopu.,"If! - C1i1Bllblf[ TI11)'.1, 110 YBepHIO Bar, 'JTO ClIJlIOI.lli\.5I (;'1a- Ba Krp<-I;JCBCKOii BJIaCTl! IJC CJilBliKOM orqCIIIL'lil r.1a,*, lIalllCro. palYMa; Mhi -rCM lie MCHce lHaCM 11110MIIIIM, 'JTO MhI TIUOKC IIOJlBlp;KCllh[ (}rljC- 1)' 3i1 lIilurnlI.ellCTIllIH nepellDe.1l1KIIM Cynllel,f>'. npeeMIIIIK EU!.JaDeTb[ lIa KOpo;oJeBCKO"J npeCTo.e 51KOB I T01Ke BnomleC03[UlBaJI, 'ITO 6o>Keo-- I<cHHhul Xapi1Krcp Klip<UCIKKOIlIUaCH! <X-\Hi1'li1t'T orJ1.1HI'JCHlte J[CHcr- BHli KfIp(IJIH OlJpellt',;it'HHb[MIJ pi1MKaMI1. PacKPblBaH nap![iL\!t'HT.1plrnM CBoe nOIlHMalll[C KOpo.7JCBCKOti D.,1aCTl!, 011 n01J;'lCpKHBa.,, '1TQ .DCf[ ;na B.'1<'CTh npCiJJU1CaHa E()["(JM ar! aer!ificatlOnem, non ar! clestnJ.Jion£.m (Ivrn C03lL'l,UlIIH, He .'Llf! pil3pyrneiillJl). lloro\IY 'JTO, XOTH Ear IIMeeT KaK BJIacTb paJPYlllemll], TaK 1J C03lillamm I-lJiIJ 3aIlDHb], lie 6Y.l!eT COr'IaCIIO C plDyMOM Em'3. IIIU["ICII}[Th CBOIO B.r[ilCTh B pa.1jJ)'IIICHIlII IIplpoJ[hlf>2. M:i "'TlIm 51KOI\ I J(t"laJl I<h]I<QiI () TOM, '11"11 (.YMarlllt'}lIIIIUt f[D.,'lIIeTCf[ KOpo.1b, KOTOpwf[ lIcrpe6.rrneT ('FlOHX no.n..a.a!lIl(,iX Mom npn- '1H1[5[eT nM KaKOC-JlIJ60 npyroc 3JIQ. o UIIJ!o.t'(llIt'liHOM IlPOUC'(Ujt..:IeHIIII Kopo.:Jt'uc1\vii D.i[iIlTJ1, u 6c1JM'- CTIJeIlIlOIl MUnapXHI!, 0 Kopo.,'Je KaK naMe<:Tlllme Ear.1l1a .J<"oL1e 'Jacro I"OBopl!.lOCb lIa 3OCC.1lHHIDIX illlm[ficKOrn napJlilMCHTa lIa npouDKCHm[ XVI l ucpHOii IIfL10Bl1Hb[ XVII BCKa. Ho 33 3n1"m IIOH}[Tlm"m CKphl- Ba..1<1Cb lie MblC.b 0 TO"!, ',!TO KOpo.1.b '\I())!(pf ynpaB.'l\ITb npoIl3Bo.bIl0, 11I:!K:ll(!MlJ pilMKaMII ce6H lie orpallH'lIlBaH, a cKopee lIano"[l!Ilalilie t'MY II era Kllp(Ut'HeKI1X nU}I;;Ci1HHllCn]J(. Em" 1Ipt'J[(Tall,!I}l.IC}I IIplJ :-rrOM Ht' D DlL'le Ht'KOt'ro BblCllit'rO <lBTopmera. pillpt'lUalOlI[t'IV KOpo,110 TBO- P[tT[, Bee, .tTO yrillUio CI"O BC,ll1'1CCTB}' II COOTBCTCTBCIIIIO OnpaH,'\blBaJo- Illcm _'JloO('!C ern JlciiCTBUHo. HO B Ka'lCCTIIC BeCMOrylllCro. Crru:taTc.UI [ 'IICcrnplcat.lO\'rna(ofth"N<-Jte<;..Spce<:hcsandDcl«c<..hothnftheHnuscof Lords and (louse {)f COIAI....I!I< throughool: the \\1lOle Rdgn of Queen Elm,beth, of Glonous Memono' Collected h,' (hat Emlllent Memhcr of Parliament Sir !:>'''Kmd Dew..s. Baron 1. PublishC'<i by ri,,( HO\\'I'S. rn the Midrl(-Temp]e Esq, Lonr1nn. 1693. 1'659-660 'jo f" I II Spet'Ch toth" I..ordsand Comrnonsof the Parliament at Wh,te.hall on Wrdrrsc!.n, the XXI Off\f2n.h Anno 16091161OI//Th Puht",aI WorksofJarnes ( P30& 
58 IOp'LlIl1!:< &lIC "'.UI'Kn. a,"-..mCKOII fX.'''',-,[J''JII''' 1640-1660 Tlmun I"OCllOillllla DCe_t'iIIIO'-I, D KOTOpOro KOpO;'JlO c.1e.'lyeT nepuTh I! KOTOpO- MYOH!lll,'I)I(CHC.![Y)l(I1Tb ' n n()Jusf<odale.J(lI\fJIIJIJ]a"Ja I\OpliJIC'-! AHI '11111 cr<i- T)'C croaepeIJa U JlaDa.a f)' WJaCTh 4x'Olli"l('IIOm CelibOpa U<UllT\IlI aJlrJll!iicKUMI! nO)],ll,a!IIIWM11, K01'OI)l>l<' MOrlIl C'JIrran,cJI em BaCC3.a- MI1. CUJ[epJKaH1 naHHOii IIpepUI<lTf!Bbl lIlCfI»I.IU, B 'JaCTIiOCili. 113 npaBoMu'-mli KfIJX.l..lH 1pWoca-rb mx:ellllH Doelllluli GIY"..M)bI, iI TdlOKe 113 pa1J[II'-moro pO,'la CIIC)I(!I(,[X Bb[II.'IaT OT TCX, KTO C'JItTIl.CH IIMC1OIllIt 3CMCJlbHOC ;iCJ))!{.1HI1C HCIIOCpCJ1CTIiCHHO 01' Em BC_qll'JCCTHa (the tenures ofcap[te) ].n[ nep/KillI11e lIiI npaBaX pbluapCJwft C-'I)'"Alfibio. 3I1a'll[1'eJlblllli!'IaCTb npcH\I)'IIK:'CTB 11 npnBlLlem}[, COCTaB.IDIDIllMX IIJet>na1bHYIO KlIp<LIlJn'}'l{) 1'j1('I)(lraTlIHY, CY"I!;'(TIJOH<I.'1a I< 1]I!IfJMC UrihI- 'llli!, HU DalKHetiwl1e 113 HID{ <X!xJPN'IJl.lIlCb 3aKfIliUJl.ilTe.![bHhlll-lll ilKTdMH 11 CYJ1c6I1LIM11 peWClIllHMll. Tal<.  06b[1.]lli!II\lC.!lO nplt3l1anaB- UlCCCJI illlr.'1l!iicKHM  Bn.qOTh.110 PCBll,110UII111610-1660ro- ,'lOB npaBO KOpO;']H npUIIY-AillaTb JlHU, nOCTl!rWIIX COBeplllelluo.1eTlIH H D.;IalIeBnBr-.: 3t".!ellbllb]M Y<JaCI'I\DN. I.."OTOPhIl1 npHUOCIL noxoll B pa3M('- pc HC MCHCC 40<pyHTOH crcpm[HmB Ii 1'011.. IIpmUlTb pblll<iJ"lCKOC lBaHIJC IJII1 1I.!laTl1Tb IIITJlaI]1 'Ja OJ or Hcm 06hl'-lilCM ;i(lKfX."I,1.I<Kh 11 TIlKfUI npUBIL'IerUR KOJX>.1ffi, KaK "npepOl"aTIIBIlaf! olleJ(a (prerogative \\ardship)>> 113J13eM.;I5IMIt, K01'OpWC .lICp>KaJUlCb OT HCro Ha YC.'10BHI1 Pb[IWPCKOH {",IY.l!l6bl. &;.'[H <!TOT il'.1> YMIIp"d..,1, TO KUpu..1b ,,!or D3H1'b no.l! (DOlO onel()' Bce 3e:\L111, nl:'JM'-<lDwl[et:"R II"! IIi! 'KiDaI!IIOM yc.,10BI1H, B TOM 'JIIC.!IC 11 TC, KOTO}>b]C OH '. He m KOpO..'lH, a 01' onb!KHOBCHHb!X CCHbopOB Bc,![]iKi\}[ XapmR BO.![bHOCTCII 12151"0)«1 'C'lIIKep n'1.llI" IUJMUti P. o,lt"JJUY (R. OnsJuu') ruuup'' II clIOei; I,..p..,.. IIT- CKu1i"""..2..1IIIap 1566r «Eurl'L:IJI""",'a."[laC""bll"Jb[JlIt"",ley... llIeroMoli pLK<')(1I"0"\IIJI"6bl"jl."b,110"epylOlIJelUlloJ(110I"OIWclIOl"'.oIi'Te1. "TooM YIIP. nDfIb II Nil, eroAnL\fIl. II :frO., Y"p"B.,eJ"''' MUlmpx CJ)JI\JIT Eo')' ;tBY"" nl!K"06a\lll-K.1K'le.10BeKIiKaKKopo.'b.BItd'It'I"Ttie'-{"-1OBt'tI:aOll,'Jo.')I(eH)I(flTbll C")'JK"TbIXIYKaK(),:('1U1I3eroToopell..ii.all..""'-rueKupo.,","TdK)I.' ocn60roTfIOJX'llll 1i0ra..OH 1I1"1JM'11 n",-al\an ,iaIro!lI,IlO(relCTIIO"4 KOTO- pbJX <ornI\IIo U>'P"U l IYAi:llTb Dmy. (A Cump1e1lt JOlll11al of lhe Nu[es. Spee<."'-"' >lBd Debate<, ""th of the Hnr'-'c()f l..um' a.nd Hnr'-'c()f  throughout thc ",'ho]e Reign of Queen E1i.«bt1h...P. 11'1) . Coke E_ The fIrst Part 01 the In,;]:nu[cs of the Law, of EI""d: or A Comllll1!<'lYl!pOnUtti um.P.69h -'3_ KYKnIlCaJIOllpqxmlTllllllunmIcKCII..K,"N<Il'IITII{I,rnx lIaJllluTUII".. ..F.cJJII "e..ollCl<,ep1!\aJIJe".'IOOTI(Opo.'''1lO<.pep'''I(aJK"Kniic_.yl'fHinropNl',,, 1!jJVf11 "e.'L"IJI<JT .apymx C'lWpIIB. II ""-p. OlT"dB,...,"'-G""'jlll!:llJlo.""Tllero n.u:oe,un,o. "","0IXUb6YllCTI"CTb()TICK)'HaJIIICC"""c.".:I""HaO(lIunallllllcnlJCiilpcporaT1111L'. 
r"lanaT}X.'TbH npepmllTI!BblKU(XI'ICDC'«JH&"IaI"TllnA'"-"I11II 59 npOB03r.'lawa.a (CT. 37) oO.II3aT('.,'JbCTBO KOpoMl He pacnpOCTpal-UlTb "-npepo.l<lTIIBHoft ont'KII!' Ha 3e"LI KOrOpbit' nep)l(a.'IllCb OT Ht'I"O Ha YC.'l081111 BbIn,1.aTb! c-KCrODHOi'i I)cHT('] (per fcodirfinnam), 1tJ111 O1]1a- 6oTl(J[ (per so1rngium), lLH no 06[,]'IIDIM ncp"1GIlIHH B mpoJ¥'"'6yprc (per oor,g<Jglllm), HO []PH ilTOM HI1KUlIM OUpa3U"I He OIpaHII'JIiB<Lla TaKOra palla oneKl1 B OTHOWCHl1ll 3CIIIC..'lb, ncp>KaBllUlXC.II Ha YCJlOBHH p[,[uapcKOH (BIX'IiIiOrt) c"Y&6b.'. Cre,'LH Kupo!leHtKUX IIpl1I<I!.'It'rHi1. ()(j)()PM!I5IHlIIllXCH :-lilKUH011iI- Te.,%lib\1H <1KTaMIJ, MO)l(IIO B[,l)\eJU1T[', uanpllMep, npallO KOpo,UI lIa prima seisma, KOTOpoe B03!11IK<UO B c"Y'-lae CMepTH"UI KaKO- 1"()--!1I160 Y'JacTKa .-II;'M111 HClIlICpCilClHCHHO liT KlIp<LlH. Kopll;Jh I< ",oii CIITYaJ11Jl1 "Iepe3 nocpeJ1CTBO CBoero no.l)l(lIOCTlloro ..'II11\a OC1)'JHL1 BO B.;IalleUlie OCl'''IlI Je'llf'Qbllb!MI1 yro.l!bHMH Yjeplllero llep>KaTt'QH. o6e. CIIC4111<aJ.I ce6c TeM caMblM KOH11XLlh 3a HaC'lc.;1.0IJaHlIlM iC"LICILJaJtI.. UHll'. KCIJ>01If'IJCMJt lLilileliHe 3Llei1 lIa npaDe prima seisina npo- lIo.Hta.OCb no Tex nop, nOKa H<.IGlellHHI, YMepwero nt'JJ>l"fft'QH He npll3HaHa.'1 1I0cpellCTBOM cnCUIla.1.(,Hom 06pHJta (homage) CBocfi Bac- GL1bHOi1 3aBIiClIMOCTI[ OT Impamlll lie Y!J!Ja'JIlBil'1 Bero no.b3Y cnt'lllI- <WbHOi1 nOlli,lIlHb Ha::JbIBaSllit'fkH Tep"IIIHOM Hehef» (relevlIlm, rdcvatlo, rdcvamen). Ec"'J1! HaC,,1CJ1I1HK 6bUI coocprnCHHOJ1CTHHM, OH Mor COBepWI[Tb OMa:iK Ht"It'.l!'Jt'HHO noc.'Je CMepTlI npt')KIIt'I"O .l!1:'JM"ITe- .'lH. O.l1H<UW B urryaUIU1, KorM HaCJlelLHHK OKa3b[Ba.'ICH MiI.'JO.IteJ1-jHM, KOpoJlb coxpan.llJl Hac.JJeJ\Yt'MYD 3eMJIIO B COOHX PYKax no MOMeIlTa lI""-Onpe.OCTaB,'e'IOKOp<L"IIOOOlllll.\llIpaBO.\I{commonl",,).(CakeE.TheFirsIPart oflhe lru;t,tllte>;oflhe L",,,,orElan<1.or. A Cunm AI"yupon Lillle[on. P.77il) I Be,......... XapT'''' BO.'bll'''-"TCii 1215r XpecnIllL1T'HIIIO IIcmpJl]l nIC}'.iI.>Ip- noa I, npal<a (",J!(j1b1X l"1p<"..ilpell""'-"Tb II Cpe.'lIl11e lieKajCut.T BA TooK"JIlmB. M..2004C.335. , mo 6u Il!cJ(,'I{IIrre.lbHWI IIp€pOI"1TIIBiJ. Kopollbl (exdn.l\-'e i\'e of lh Crown). II KUTOjJOIi O"",-""",I..OCb 06b1Kllune,,,,,,,.\I l.e'lbUp<l\l.lIJI'lIItUlIII.' "e.\I leii. <1T\Ie'ne1\.""JI n 1«)"]elITIlpllll K Magn.1 Carta. {orTaR.eH"O>t Y.IIL MiJ.I(Ke4 lID K"''''''iJ.tPIUI_m-'''>pu<1J.lV''"pii.l.Kupo.''IeocKue!\OJJ)KJ'U<7I,ueJHlljUJI.\le.,0 IP'I'O"''''"ClJC"!)'nIThnnmorpelC"ffil'llllOC''-'a.le'"ICII0T<:TpaHITbOTnerollilC<JC1' 11I11'-1. l<.OTOpbIii lie >tor Jlplll(",-I'YTh'-. I( 0TIJ)ti('t(1I.\1 3enM Ge3 1J1'3pewellliH {)T Kopo ""'.OIlBhI>MK.'KHfibl'Clla""-.a.'lO""-"'TbCBOiiTllryJI.....--p.."tl'IEIl\ICnellll"-""'mro p.1(r'll'_"n(hyillqllest),..{aTl>rapallTmOBl>tn.aTblJllo6oiicyMMbTpe..'l>eC}xIll.1 II I!JWnlX no..mB, CO"epWIITb m!IDK. H""'1!Y.1IIIo YB'Q"", IGIKYKJ CllJIbllY'O CIJl.TI'l'rll'ICC' I(j'lOnmllll\IIOBCe3TOdiecne'ma.'oI<OpoJImn mo6o.r<'.lIiil"0-O:Hac..e}!HIII(JI"Y"Cp' mero 1IaIT>L"I.... (M' Carta. A COmlTll'ntary on th Gr<'aI: Chart of Ki John With an hrmirIcal mtroollrt'on "yW,liIamhalJl McKcchn,c Glasgow, 1914_ P (4) 
60 IOp'LlIIII:<U'C"'.UCKT" a,"-..mCKOII fX.'''',-,[J''JIIII, 1640-1660 nmOB i{f".CTImx'HI[5! HM COBCPWCHHO.'Il'TIUI'. B OOCHX CllyqIDN np[1 BCryrL'JC- HHH B HaCJIe!lCTBO I(opomo YIL1a'JI!IJa.;I<lCb, noJI[MO pe'1 (relief), Onpe,'\CJlCHHaH ,IlCHC"RHIDI cyw,m AllrJlUHcKHii lIpaBOBC,1 fCHpH CnC,l- Mall (Hemy Spelman, 1564-1641) nllca.;1 06 310ii Ja:JPfi'lCBCKOii npH- DHemHH: "Ecu! .J.ep&ITe1b HeflU(pe;l.f..TDt:'HHU (Jf KupOJm (km,g's tenant In capite) 1[.1.11 .l\CP)f(aTCJlb Ha YC.'IOOIII1 P[,[l\<IjJCKoii c. (by knight-serv!ce) }'MPeT, TO KOpo.I> 6y.lleT R1lli\CTI> era 3C\lJIf'I! no TOro, KaK HaO]e1[HI1K I.:Ul\eplllIT Ol\kl.>K. F..(.Jll1 IIUCt'1lHI1i1 }II<JUleT(}1 COllep- llIe[iIIO.'If'llIHM, TO 011 r.KDKeT C)lc,laTh ;no B reK}'lllee BpeM.I!, lIoeC,,1H OH lie .l\OCTr COBepWeIlIlO1lenLII. 3eM.'lII .l\OmK!la 6yneT .&0 ;noro bOMSII'fa UlTdHalbUI H KO]1(J.ICIJ(.KIIX pyKaX. H KOl:", II.IlUH l1;m i1.Pym1 ulIpa- rnaeTC5I C npoCb60ii 0 TOM, .rr06b1 nOJl)"llITb ee 113 pyK KOJX>.'I.I!, ,&OCTIl- )l(elille HM:JroIi uenH HMell;.'t'1CJI BDO.l!OM DO lL"1<IlleliHe (livery), a no- XU}!, UOJlY4CHHbli1 TCM HIX,,,tCHCM KDplLil-'II.l, Ha:-IbJl<aC-rC}1 em pnmer seism.. 311j'apll Ky"  D .qKOMMeIiTaplUIX HaJb1TJlTOIla&-, 'JTO Wla- 'fa IropOqJO 3a primer sel.<;m co cropoHb! HaC'101.HHKa 3CL1I, :{OCTIlr- llIero D "O'-)('IIT OlepTH npe)!(lIero ee n..'151 COBeprnellllo.1eTIUI, 6bL'Ja IJaDHa J'(J.l!UBOMY nox(\!1V C Het', a HecuDepWeHHOJ[t'THero - nu.r[y- [{)lIOBOMY :{O''«:tIlY'' OrCIOJIa OlICBHJlIIO, '1m npaBO lIa pnrna scisina 6bL'J0 D qJellllt'IJeKODOI1 Allumll Det.bMiI :'IlIiI'IHMbD.! ;L1eMeIiTOM KopU- lleBl-KOI1 IIpepurilTlllJb[. Oi1HilKO ywepmuoCb UHU D ilHI.'lm1cKOM IIpa- Be He pallCC BTOJX>11 nOJlOBHllb[ 60.x ro)\OB XIlIIJ('Ka. H3 COP)JffiilIDI Be.1111\Oii X.1f)Tl!lI BoJ[bHOtreii 1215 ru}1i\ '-IUJKHO Clle;JilTI> BI>ID01l, 'JTO I y....., It)UIJIIG'... p""1II1J.111" YC..OBIIJlX PbJ"")JCK""" lym."{)ll"Pwe.."u"..,..., lIacrylla'ollollclI'"lJlc'lIIDe."y2I["Q;1a.llpl!.1\cpJKallJlllna"""""",-15"1.YllacJI<:iI' UOII.I.b] - OlleK" M"'"" "K"jl'lllTbCJJ ,10 .1\Ol.m)!(e,UIII 0;10 14 'l"1.. 11UCKU'lbK\ "a-m." lU.IpJl"'olla'ol1Iall:lleTb'lO}'>M.C]foc06I1Ol"{)"emlp"lI3pcKYIO".Y..tiy 'HOec.lll Inc'It'.aUlII(jalleBbIW>IIl.:Ia3a'A':.l'(JKOJXl..ellCK<UlUIlt'ItdII<"lIlepl"«l>lS!lWl.'III!(Heil "'''L'JJ:IIJI I!JX"IO'.......,llb/lO Tom. IillK 0;11 I!Cllo.;IIIJ.UIOlb 16 "leT. C".. M-.,gnIC"rta.A COlD'nentary on tDe Great Charter of Kin.gJohn. P 61--62 , SpJmnn H. 11\ Originu1. Gro\\th. p,,-ion and Coni!.1.ion of Feud. ,,11<1 Tenure« hy KnlJ':ht-Strvoo' III Frv:Jand_ London. 1641 P 30 IIpallijljl"'lhI r Cnc.""<lH II 3. KYK 11a3b11<>cUl T"P"IIIIO1 .plilDr....mn (prima seisina)& ,'I,el!(')I(I'YIOcym.ty. VII- Jj<NllRac"ylOllac.r!CilllllKm'f'Il'PIIcm '):J1""RL'lJ[OT KOfJO"" ""It IJITVI1IJC111I11 00 RJlao. 1eHlle eM.:Ieii B ,1eikT)rre,'bHOCT)J )!(e "rima 'l'Nlla - am  [I pll)'10 Oepe,1 crJel\ll- <L'bll"" Iip'-lllC!l""" lII--p.-"'-""llIfIf1 .1JilJI'QIi KOP''-'b o/i.TIIL'IIIBa.,"I ""011 npaaa """ 11iIC.<Je1l'f\a>mll:tCWJII "C!I)"'acOtCp11' '"Qa.1C()}!(aI"'emOTHcmCM;"o. -, ome E. The F""1: Part of the I",tllutes of the La"" of England; or, A GUfJOnLJttlctonP77a 
r"lallaT}X.'TbH npepDI"dTIIBblKU(XI'ICIOCI«JH&"Ial"TII..A'"-"I1II1 61 D lIiI'JaJIe YK.l.3aJllloro CTO;'Jenm <Ui....miiCKoe oUlliecmo lie np1l3!1aB<L10 3a h"Of'O'tOl npaBa Ha pnma 'iCisma. no IJcci1 IJIl)ll1MOCT[, u 11m lHCC IIlIlIblTKIIIICYIllt'I.TIlCHUJI ro I{Upo..rlCM I<hJ:-\hllla.'1I1I1TpmI<lTt'.']bHOC OT- lIowellue co CTOpollb[ Ht'p)KR're1IE'ii 3eMeJlbllblX Y'10CJl{I)B. 11,,!eIlIlO no- 310M)' JlatlJlIDI HDp01lCOCKall npHBII.'ICrlffi 0[01".'1.1 yrBeplI.IITbCJI B Aur- JII111 TOJ[bKU nocpeJlnlJON .Ja"pell.1t'HI[}! ee D 3i\KUI1Q.1I,aT{''JblTBe. DHa 6b[ 'Iii npei1}'Cll-lurpellil Mi:t'lb6pIl1VKCKI!"1. CTiiTYTO"1. (Statutllm de Marlchlidgc), npUH5IT(,["! Ha 52-M ffiJl..V npaB.1CHIiH fCllpHxa III (1267 r.)'. Bcran,c 16 -JTOI'03aKOH!\'I8'I'C.'JbHOI'OaKTa I'OBOpfL'IOCb: ",'--Im )l(e KaCaeTC5I ilac.1e.l!!II1KOD, KOi'OpbIe Ht'pJK.1T 3e"L11O IIt'IlClCpellCTBellilO OT rocnOllima KOpo.1ffi., TO Ho.1)1(IIO 6('ITb c06moJiaeMo, .rr06b1 rocnOl\!tH I Ma.'WPJtM< (Marlebngws. Ma) _ CC:lC''''C, paCIlo"larnBW=H lice- IIepuuii'l ,"AIIJ.1HH. H.ra.lbHm.KlllIlIlTOPI,1( iluJUl1lupBepl1l.:l,lii(lb!l;rbu< ii.Jgifius. 1470-ISS5)Y'IU"'"IaJI° lie." DCBOe;' "JX1'lIII<eAn.ghcaeh"tunae.(liberXII 11) 1(1,1( 0 )1e<"Te. r.ae pHcllo"lara.1CJ13.1\tOK Ma-ll.6pll.,'PK. ITpll :JIU\I Oil OT\!  UJ. TO ..Mab 6p'IiIJI< -.>TU ceJleUJle 1I1p"4>cl1le D'L'bt"epm, (llaillll'" Wilt,h;,-" - n. 1:). KUTopoe ("erq."jIIjI Ha'lnaeT("H MaOlo\ld1er1i «('S( (,lIim Mar\Fhngt\] p.l@J in Wjiffria ("omit.ltp. (jn m hodie"UC mt Jl..I1,lmN,wi m). B 1189 " ...>po Ib HOal...I lfIIIt'JJIIJ . ".JTO>' Mt'l"re QI.f'(",lIulloRm'TT..cHIIIIRt1paI((IJI'I4'''He]ill-.a6<-uDii,aIlI199rKjjIJOllo.,aIJOIHa <lllrluiicKllii Ilpel"To., 6p1'II"" II (J'>\IOIIII>! r.,UpllM III T<»CI.(' IIpOX0.'11I.H B aTO.'1  H 1267r OlicOOpa.':t.crbllcn("BO"."Cb]IIO>,;-:I,'\).ap.o" 1lpe,1CTaOIlTCJ[di P.1aJ[HHIX ("OC10Bllii allr.lIikKOro 061IlecT!l.l. l(aK IIbKl111'1(. TaK II HII.111IltX. 111I3.'\!I. (" IIxcnr.,aCJIHllc;oYIO("cpmDnocra,mB.,lC,lIIii(pro<..."..,..l,op.J.llllaIlCDB(fJldma/JDES)1I CTa'I)'TOR(xt_)(IlCJ[hlO.l(3l(003T(),,6...:ID''a!lR.'CHOIlIi(''i.'d\l6y.CI(.....'.}..}'''. IllC"'!>IYllpaJl.(']I]UlAllnllcii.".co""pWCII<"TBOBa]IJIH Upolll'<:C3OTlipaBJIcm!>l KOPO' I](IICI(Ijffi npaROC)'o.'lJlH. O(IIOR)' 0P'IHHT"'X :<aKOHOR (n<;TaR''-'" Y"l"T."IIII<:TCPCKJlC IlpoWWIJI 1259" (Te>1J1 ,,"",,elleJIJUI."lllIon<J.',le,IUI."" KUTOp",e 6b"'" <:)Ie;m,,,,, II IIIIXB 1263 II 1264 IT Co.'\,la,,,,,,,ii B """Y"Ib= aTom oo'lIIlp,,,,,ii (m30 rJ[ao) ""KO'>.!jI""b'II>,ji lllO!1l1o.'y) IIU1IdIIIIe S[a111111111 de M...JebrJ<I#. A"n""cI(Jle IlpaRO"")!b[lIa>L"IaXVIlIl.CTaDll.llrroBpII.'1("a."b'XaIlTOpIlTCTJlblJ(:<aKOIIQJjaTc.Ob. IlblX IK'!OIJ AIlI.lIIII npaB'Ia. U ("[mill .1"t;". l'O IIIJ>IUII(.IJ I(Un"'IpU<I 0]16b". UpllIIllT. c"'e'"" K TO"'Y Bpe>,e,... CIIOe """BWIJ' ..a Ma."IWapa (MaddxI.). ;t<1JlllbJU CTI11)"T 'IHU\e("TaJ]1! 1I.'I(,II0Il1'TbMau61IJi1(J(\IM ITI1}'1O\I(Slall/lcoj ). (1MeHllo IIOA.nll"'..all"'e"O"aI...e>'oll6y;l.erllll.."'albCHIIO..l"e.IlIII."e6opJ"n(ll ("11\1)'1"08 AHrlllllic.l(oro I(Dpo.1ell("T!ia. C>l. em T{'I((T II 13;taHI"I: The St;u.(ltes of the Realm Prioloed by COJlUlland of His M-.jto.!y King George the Th...d. From Original R.,,-.;r.-t.; amI .\udIU1t,c Manllscnpt.'<. London, 181{1_ Vol I P 2{I-2S_ A T;IIU,' II IIVl.IIIIIII: The StatUl:es: Ro-<.TM:I roitioll. Vol. I. Lur,dOIi 1870. P.6-IS (;j.1\('l'b 011 nane<Ja"falllla;ulYX>IThIK>I>:-_.ar'...l"""....a'..._.nilCKO\l IIno,1:II..'"",...c,,:..Srauwm del\(TheStauteofl\larf\Jrrooogl1).. KoMMeHT<\IJlliia KYKaI( Ma..I.6Pl(,1)I( ("I(D."y (M...Wapac..N\I) CTa1)TY 6bL"I ollyli..",oRali OD IlTOpoii "acTlI"ro BlICTmy' Quii& LnkeE. Th" Scamo-t Pan of the lo'tJtutcs ()f thc l.a\\" of El1,I(lan Conta'ml18 thc ""poSltlUn of many ""'-lUlt amI othcr SlatUl:es. London. M Dce XC\ II (1197) P 101-154 
62 IOpltillllCUJ'cacIIl'Kn.a'"-""ICKOIlfX.'HI'-"KIJIII'< 16401660n>J\on Kop<mb nepBbIM HMe.1 ua Hee CeJHJlY, K.1K <lTO 6bL10 no OUblKlIOBelllJlO IIPCIK,IIC,,', Ilu:-\j[I1t't' IIpaHO aHIluflCKllm 1«(lpo..'I}l Ha pnma <;clstna 6hl!11I 3<\- nHcallO B l¥JK,,\'NeJITe no)! UHJDalllleM ..0 Kopo.1eBCKoH npcpOffinlBe (Dc Prclogttiva Regis).., CnCUH&lb!lO nOCBJlII\C[!IIO! ILl.'lO)I(('lIl]lO KO- po'JelJlKIIX IlpilBUMu'mti, npUBI1;iemf[ 11 I1peUII-IYlnecrlJ. OH UbLii cu- .J.lliIH npellIlUJI01KIITe;iblIO D nepBoe llt'lJlTlLlt'TIK:' npaB.'ielllIR 3ny.1pilil I (1272-1307) H nl'II'WffiB.'1SIJI co6oii Jmoo IIHCTp)'Kl!ItlO, B KOTOpOii kXlp0J[b CooOII1.<L1 CIJOHII-I HaCCa.laM W[1t CyitlM"i 0 1q>aHa"<, Hb[TClQIlJlllliX HJ ero cTIlTyca nepxoDIlOro celibOpa H MO!lapxa, Uioo "IpaJITGIT KaKO- 1"0-..'11I60 'mcTlloro ..'lItL(a. B nepHoll npaBJIelilUi 31lY::lplGi III (1327 1377) :-HlJT "IOIMT(;Ta.'1 Hi\:-Ihll<ilTbC}I CI'ifI}'T(JM", HII TaKIIH H;1'>l}l1[ H" Ht'ru He Cllt';ia,1C}I Ilpe06J[iW,alUllIliM Cpt:'!lH aHr..'lIiikKUX IUpltCTOB HI! B XIV, mi B XV BCKC' TCM lie MCllce, KOl"Jla B AJ,rmul uaq&111 H3)lHBaT(' nC4aTH('K' CfiOJ1111[l(H crnpllllHblX CTaTyI'OB', qX',l[IIIIIX, KaK npaBH.lO, nOMelJ.l<l.lH D Ka4t'C"TBe TaKoro palla IOpHllH'ieCKI!X iunOB H ..De Prerogat[va Regis... A nocl..o.oll>lq.' 11.'111 CTal)'TOB OUJ!33Tt'Qbllb[M npH .ma"dM J!R1J!J[OCb Ha.H'JHC ,1aTb[ IIpmU1TIIJ!, TO 11 YHblii JlOKY- Mt'HT, paHl'C 060:JHa'JaHI1II1I1n] KilK HI;' IIMlK)lJlllii KilKllu-;m611 JliIThI, CO'LlH Ilt'06xom:tMb[M npHnllCaTh K orrpellC.1e[!IIOMY BpeMeliH. TaKO- Bb[M 6bL1 Hama'iCH 17-ii I'OJ\ npaR1CIIW] 31lyap;:\a II lL1H 1324 ro;fo. '4[)c ha:,"CIiihl"autcm, IJUidc<lom'no r<gctcncnt incap'tc, s, .,m..I">anrlumC$t, "t dominlls ""X pmnam mde habeal: ",,"mam, s,cu( pnll" md{' hare COIJ.'j..t. (StatUl:um<le 1\..la"-hnojjCoke E. Thc Second I'art()f(hc InmuJlc<;ofthc LaW!<()f £ad ".I Contil,mlhfiJJO",t"'nofmilnyancienl"n<1O!her1.>Jtut"".P 134) . MaNland F M The 4'l'r""r<@I:''a i_,. II En,gllSh H,s!Oru:al flu...". 1891 Vu1.6,'\"'22.P.372. -, B aen'OCT1', .1IUI\"""T.De Pren>w][''a Rcg1S> lla:lHali cuuyrov n 3a''''C ":Th7'n:::=u: 2003,P7 . ..0 lie.. lIe.'bJH nmUp"Tb KaK 0 CJ3TYTe., - ...,ca.;J u6 3TU>'...."'y'e'IT, lIa,lP'" lep,npaHnne,1To.'lac!IIIT.qTOH '[k>pBbllI IIIo'tU....1I dJUpll1lf( nmylO' Ai".'IIIICKOrt> NIp(1/IeIinlW. 6...1 ruIO- Tf)!l'C" 1\ 1481 r /b!IoHouJ]MTaY Unhn Lerrou)" YII le MaIG'IIH"a {Ii"ilhtm! Vmh6n'a).Ollablwe.1B(,l'IE'TBruI.p1l11elIIIOMBll!{e.'ITOO'Ip<I)!(a..ocbHBeroIla3B.l1IllH 4V,('uxA!Jn4:<ulLIll:d",Statntc_""_bo!}ccn"-,...,,ecfxJPHIIf(,,aHr.niicK1IXa.IITOBCTa. 1I111Je'1U';nb(11t1Allr.QIDI('1531r ':ilTIjl!aTa6b1,1an(il"iIICdIIaD"""C'CTCTa1Y"" 4ne\'aRcg.s.neliopHIIl«'aHr"IniicI(IIXCTa'I)'TOH.'131i\HHO\11\ 1529,- (f\ Carta III FJnnhl ,,"'runto IS added morc st>Jtu£)"esl than uer Wi\,<; nnprymcd III any onc hoke hcforc thIS tymc' \\.,th an a.lm'nackc & a. calender to know 
r"lallaT}X.'TbH npepnI"dTIIBblKDpO'ICOC'«JH&"Ial"TllnAm."Iml 63 TIpaBa II npiIDIL1enIH KOpOo.'N, I!3;oJ01KeJlilble B TaK lIaJblIDeMOM «CTaT)'TC 0 I-.OpOQCBCKOH IIpCj)OraTf[!JC., COXJ11H'VIH 1OpIt.'IltllCCKYIO CIUY BlunTb il.!1 pt'IUI!IIOIP1l1 1640-1660 nJj[OH B 1548 nIJI..V aHI.IUH- CKIlf! IOpliCT YIL%H"1 CTOIICPOJill (William StaunfOld lI.m Stamford, 1509-1558)' coana'J lIa OCIIOBC ;HOro OKYMC[lTa, a TaJOKC ua NaTCpll- <t!le KHlln[ cynbl1 3HTOHI!11 cD1tTllrep6epToI (Antonq Fitzherbut, 1470- 1538)2 «BemIKIlf! a6pILUMeHT (La Graumle Abnd.gement)..3 TpaKTilT «OnIiCaHIiC KO(X1QCBCKOii npCpo.ranlB('I (An CX"PIJSic10n o.f thc k!ngcs prcroganuc)!> lI,aHlibIfi TpaKraT !>hIlIlC}[ !> CBCT IICPHb[M IL1.lJ,aHHCi B 15671"O.'1." 11 D noco.'Ie M]1IJI1JKj)a"I110 nepeUJJlana-1CH (D 1568, 1573,1571.1590,1607 rr. IIT-.4.)' B ueM OnIlCblB<L1HC(, lie BCe:L'JeMell- th moot: nssaIY" for ,,1] ynng stud",," of th law", Impryntoo "t Londlonl in Fk1""R'I." by me Rubert Red,om dwdlvoge at lhe vgdIt> oflhe George, lII"de 1101 s"ynt Du...,tun .hnrche, M CCCCC.xXIX (1529). Fuho 98) I C 1551 I: YII.UH.'1 C1OI-iIjx.vJJ. JlIJ.1H.:ICH cy.abeii CVlIa 06UllIX TIlJKtS (Common Pleas) U Kupo.. IIlI'U' C",,""bll (Kmg, Bern:h). D :l,IIeBJII.Ke ero UJnpl"'Il'UUIIIG' r.,JqJlI Malqla Co,lepmllTCH rlJP\VI-"I'l<U'I """"(1, 0 eroOil pTll. ..Sir WilHam StlqJfOrd !;night, oneoflhe!;inges"mltheljuene'mat''''ju'1vt"t'>ullhe..u'O:Ioool><mkedy-.,e........ilhe >"'''Jth. August An" D"III 1558 (The [)'ary of Hcn.y Mild'yn CIt""cn "n<l Mercham-T..ylorofLondon (1550-1563). L, 1818. P 172) 'C 1510,. 3I1TO"" <DIIT'[R..J>6.T.... ""'01.\1.1.' 'In!nlrnOCTb C_'Y""'"lcm B KOpruICB' CKOM cY.1e. o6oo1laaRlllYIOCH T'1>"UI«1.'1 <'lFljEmt-O\t-law. c 1521 r OH JlB.,lH.:ICJI CYlIb cii Cy", OOJIIIIX T>1<6 (Cnmmon I'lca.) 'TCp'ILIHO.\I 'N,nrJgn,.nt. KOTnp',';; ncpcHo"UTCH nil 11\'UJ(Ui; Jl3,"I«"OO""," ....UIIpdI1PUI.,....,U"I,riiL""C"paBUBCJIblo6o:maa'l]lOpIlJU!ecf(IICUpoj, roIIC I<)IaTKOC IIumKc,mc CY,lc6HI'" :W"_ .Bc"".,,,ii ..6p,t'I>K_\lCIIT& 3rrrDlm Qio:!11110.'a'-"TOl-uCoe",ecTUBIIl"TUp'm",u.jriu",r'lUp)Jcupyite'UI'm :!TO UPDl"""'1LI<IIC(;bl'OIlCp"nii IInnLITKOiil.UCTC"aT'...CCl(orOo.....mKC'"IH 40611 IcronpaBa (U_IIIb"lll.-llaw). AI,,"I'UI. nep""""ru II:w.;UlOe UWlU "...,..rrIllO II Tpe.'<. .:1"'111 1514-IS16n lirzherbeRA La Graundc AbnlIIcnt. Prcm= pan j Ed. by John Rru;tell W""1min,\er,15IiJ.TrUh1bcnA La_1depal1lie]d"G-1und  Ed bv W,..,k.,n de Word. W"'1:mio'1.er, 1516; Fit'" rbert A. L, Graunde Alontbrn-"",t. Tlor,lt,mepal1ie j Ed. hy WYllken de Wvrd. W""'IIIII"'-1oI" ISI6.IIaTllTy.bHO.'11lIlCTe lpel""" "<TJlon_yn::w""ruaJII"'me. "''''<Touero lI,m3Y ll"na UaIlJlt""U, '1TO.a;um,,,, 1(lIra roLlT..n6palllle Rcex CY;I.e61IMX ;I.e..l. 3allIlCaHHI. tI rn.lOBlX I(HLlraX (}'l'1r< boob).1\u 21,-o.1Ud lIfJau."Ie,mJl rellp'I>wVIIII JJO JJpe.\le'w lIfJau.e'mu P,... PA' II, .-}yap1il1 U II II rCHp'''''' III iI Ti\IOICC ooJ[j,'uoc KO.."IU('("T"" T01!J(ORafmii 11I1P''''''' H<l.UHbIXlIUII}'\IllTuH.III]ue.aonl)..IIe06HllpymII1i.1Bw!lXCH 'Annnnfthck,csprcrq;;atlucco'lcctcdoutl1fthclirmtnt of IllstkentJII rhert,andothero1de\\"ritersoftl1e lawesvf E!1g]ande by the right woorsh'pful 'r Wilham Staunfnrd )(mJht, latc!)' onc of the rustICCS of thc Quccncs Mco"rtofcomnnp1ca,,\\"IrLla....tolSilnncxootheproo;cstothcsameprerogaUIlC appcrnnm. L. 1567. npaBU KOpo.U ua pnmaselS'lIa OJIIJCbllIa=H uae. lib U""BaIl. nnroTpalITa'" 
64 IOpltilllll;>.Jl.llcacIIl'Kn. a'".II"CK<>" PCHl'-"K"1III1 16401660 fllAon Tb! KOpo.ellCKOll npepor<U1IDb], C4Jop"UIpOBaDW}[eCH B npe.ubL'lJe CTOJ[CTI1}1, HO }[lUlib r..'laHHdllllllC 113 HHX - KaK IIpa811.r[0, TC II(.K.IIO'1I1- TC,lhllhle Ilpall{}MOLJU5l, K(Hllflbl(' KOPlI,ilb KaK lIepXUI<Hhlii t"t'Hblip 11/1.tl'.rl OTIIOCIITe.%11O CBOHX l\fP"fI:ITe1efl (npepOranlDliRH OneKa, npaoo ua prima scisina, BbUla'Ja paJpeWCIIlIH lIa OT'J)')K[ICIIl[(' 3C\fC.1bIlWX yqacr- KUB, oneKa 11M 3eM,nrMI1 YMil,,111U1eHHb[X 11 .up.). Bee IIOll06l1ble IIpa- IJOMO'iIDI COl"TaD.l>LI! KOp0.'JeOCK)'IO npepor.rrHB)' no 'Jbl' npa- BY (Jus fcodalc). K Ha'Ja.'lY XVII BCKa olla IIWIIIOCT[,[() IIJJKIL'Ja ceO.II. AHI'J"utikKOC oOU(CCTIJO IICfI\.-'\."TI1!10 6b[Tb ifJclJ}t:Llbllbl"I. 3TOT IICpCIJO- POT D COIDkUbUbIX OTIIOUJellllHx, npoU30lllelllllliU nOCTenellUO, 6e3 pe- BO.Jl]OUHI, .11!:1llL'J ROI)(\!K:'IJCK)'IO npcporaTIIBY no jus feodale pea.%IIOU IItHOHhl. 3cM(',lhHlle IIt'IDI\aHl1e, HOtq>}'! K(Hllflm-1I JlAHHiI.Il lIfX'pm<lTII- Da BpalW..latb, nurt'J»L.JU UJOe IIpe;W1ee 3Ha'JeIiHe. Pi1Cllpona.t.Jl KU- po.CBCJ(HX 3C\!CIIbHWX yro.!ll[il, lliHpOKO npoBO,'lHBIllHCCH B TC'[CUIJe XVI BCKa, C03,.$UU! orpo.\!lIb[ii c.qoii aCL1CIL1MC.1(,UCB. KOTOPb!C <PaK- n[<{ecIOl He HB.'lII.IIHCb n.epn..aTI:'.1HMII or MJpo..1H, nOCl(Q.'IbK)' np!lo6pe- JlIJ CBOU JeMeJlbUb[e yro.l!b.ll Ja llellbni. Bne6a-r.tx, COCTO.llBIIllIXC.II D IlaJ!a-rc oOIItHH B 18 MapTa 1609/1610 10}I2. 110 8011POCY 0 IIpcpora- THI<HOii OlleKI.' IIpflMO KOHCTaTl1pmJa,lUCb, 'J'm TaKI1l' ;IO.rl}lO;HOCTllhle JllI'--!3, KaK 1IaMeC1"IIl]KU 11 IIX 3aMecTiITc.,uI, MlipoBble CyltbH B rpaqr CTBaX, BoeHa'Jao.%UlIKH 11 T.n., cnyMaT CBOeMY MOllapxy He3aBCHMOOT t.ooux neplKaHl1ii, 11 KOr;,,] l1eo6xO.LUI,.[O 1IU1[HflTf> KaKue-'lI160 BOiicK<l LL'JH c.wJK6b1 MO[li\pA)', oce C'JIIT.ltOT ce6.11 06H3i1li11b!MI1 C;')tJlTb D Ka- 'JCCTJI(' nOJ!.il.aHHb[X, 11 HH OJ\HH "'-""IODl'K HC 33JI,aC'f Bonpoca HI1 0 TOM, 'JbHM ltcj»IGIIC.1Ci OH S1B.UICTCJ!, HI1 0 Tmi, KaK OH ;1.CjJ)/(I1T CBO)(J 3CM- JIIO. TIWfO\IY O'JeBlUlIIO, 'HO ;:ITOT Bonpoc nep)/(.1I11G[ Ill' CD.II3.111 C npa- BHTe'lbCTOOM, 011 ue HB.rlHeTCfl IIH rnnopoh 'ICCTH. IIH y;J,'IOH nOBiIUO- ReIlI1}i»1 Mt')k,.I..Y -reM 11 5£I\OH I, 11 KaP.'1 I IIpUJlll..rlJKa.,Ul OTIIOll1TbDl K 3e:\!.r[eR,a.1e.'Jbll<\! KaK K mOUM BaCCala'll11 HaUHTh!DaTb 11M (.UUTueT- CTr.)'IOIItIJCnoBIUIIIOCTII. 20 BlOH)) 1601 ro)\a rpynna ncnyraTOB HI1)!{Hcii 1"Ia."JID"LI anrm-rn- CKOro rnpnaMftffi\ npellCTamLlla Ha paCCMUIpeHue nap1I"1MeIffiIJJUl'B co- I _M1Ir.;h1lIies ilnd those [hat II oW 'ot'I'Yt'd thdre Prillce\\'irnog[ n.--pett ohheire tcnllTC>;.an<IthcOcput]cs,l.Lur:[cnnant,andJ",tI""snfpcaccofcvcrysh,rc.thcycan assll/'ellstl1atupon()("("asionwnll"ter<O.or\ll1enanyfon:esllavehenerdW'dforthe '>U1.......,nhhcPflncc.allhcldlhcmsclvc:sooundtoscrvcassuhj<rts.and"ocmaTlcvcr made qul'<tlnn \111"", tcnoant hc ",a., nOl.how.. he held his land. Soc that}'t is "-Ppa:mntthat thIS matt<'roftcnu"n""b,gamcntofgOJ\unlllffi/: It IS neithcr:spuIT ofhonornorhfldlcofohcdocnce.(ParhamentarymI610_P26) 
r"lallaTJX.'ThH npepnI"dTIIBblKDpO'ICOCI«JH&"Ial"TllnAID."I1I1I 65 CTaMellll)'lOlL'lII nQllil'JH Kapo_IOilno.;JOnIlQ ITa.aTb! 06rwm. KaCalOlI.{Y- IOCJ! HX IIpnBlLlu'ui1' .l!:aHHb[i1 JlOK)'MCHT He IlruJYUlJ[ OJl06pCHHJ! lIap' J]aMl'HTa It 1I(J;1"lUM)' He iibl,l JI()}[CIH 5IKOH)' F. H.. TCKCT CllIl1tIT€('11Xt'11 Kill{ Bj,]pa;K<'lIlIe IIQ_lIn!'leCJ(HX BJr;lH1\aB llim601lee ilKTIIDIIL!X 'uellQB ITa;JaTl,[ 06ll[1l11. B IICM rooopll1QCL. nm!llMQ IICro. a TQM, 'JTQ B lIapJ[aMeHTe I1U1\[1JTUII..'JeH<1 I1emW1J1 K KUpOo.'llUC npeD}[mKeHI1eM OTMe- IIlITb 4x'oiliL'lbIl)'JO Ilpepur.lTIm)' H BBeCTlI BIIRCIU lIee eJKeru.lUl)'lO BbI- rvmI'Y C aC)'!Co.'lI>HblX ilCJ);iKalllli-i ilurqllikKIIX 1l0;J.J,aHllb]X B 1lO.'1b.1y em BC;JH'Il'LliIa ,,;:ha IIPCJ}III"3.THBa KOpOHbl. KOTOpy]fJ Mb[ >KC!IaCM .f2J\Jl IHITb, CTClJkl npeD.'IeTO'I JIl!llIb llOXOJ],a II BQOCe lie tIaROll-ml6o nQ'IecTH Will Kopo.'1eDCKaro 1I0Cl01Iilcma»J, JMBJHm1 rlpH aTaM rrnp!ffiMeIl- T'dPHII, BTOPI1'JtJU nUllbITKa JII1KIJHiliIIIIU1 I).JeULJa,"IbHUf[ IIpepuraTl1Bb[ KU- poJICBCKQii BJlaCTI[ 6LL1a npC.!InpHlHlrn B 1610 1"01\)'. 26 Mapm YKaJall- HOro roM Ha paccMoTpcHItC ITa.1aTb! lOp,'\OB 6(,111 BHCCCIi )[3 ITa.1.aTW 06rnr[H "MeIIIOpllwl 0. 6o.'lbIllOM ,lOI"OOOp" C KUpOo.'leM OTIIOCI!TI'JlbHO 3e'leQbllb!X 1!t'J)<K3I1Hj:'U>t, B KOTOpOM BbrpIDK.VlOCl> >Ke1lalllie «npeDpa- 'fHTb IIC)(J j1b!llapCK)'lO C,1)'Miiy II Coo6o.tHb]it I! OOIllJlfi lOKIDIa-. OTMC- HIIThQneK)' '-ICleJlbHbIXYIll.!luit 11 pnmer<;(.'lsin' B:-IaIIICH n6I1111HbI IIPl'Jl- .'Iilra.H Kapo_ro 180 000 CPYUTQB crep.'1IIIII"OB e>KerOllIlaro U&lara. flOP.!lb[ 06cyll[{JIIJ 11 O1IQ6pIL11 liIIHUHilTHB}' I1a.'Iffi"bI 06rwm H COCTa- BH,111 co6cTHeHHb[f't «Me),[UpIkJ.1 a [;UJ[bIUUM lIUruBUpe (" lIe.'lll'JtxT- DO"[ QmOCUTe.'lblla aeMe.lbHblX .l!epn;alllllit.fj, IlpeZI.'lOJKIID YDeJ[1I'J1ITb M"!CHJ1lOl1\I!W <PeoM'lbH)'JO npcporm1lB)' HMor B 1lfL1b3)' KOpoMllla I Co.., Apoln of the House Cnmmons. "",de to the K,,. touchm the,. Pnvde,ge, I The Pui,am"nlll) H"111Q' uf England. from the "",-lie,! penud to the vcarI803.Vol.l:AD.IOG6-162S.Londnn 1806.Col1030-1042. . 'IkPUHTl,o,>I.\le'IDOII01)Tuii Uj)II'JOlle TeJ«1.\%<.."ouii atlo.l0rml HellO llaJIB ..>KYPIla."Ila.rt>nI.OOl1]jIlI& . ApnlOJ!.Y of [he liouse Commons, made to the KinJ\. touching [heir Pri.'ilffieS. CuI. 1041 I Me'Dorial. CUllCFming the Great Contract \lith Ilis M1M. tn\1ChingT('lI\]I"{'S wilh the Depenruml>;, PlOj"fto.IOl" & t.. <lehered by Ihe C'III"IIfI,uee>uf[he Cu'O:IIIUO<. HOllsc unto thc l.om. I Thc Parhamentary Hr;tnry of F.nJiland. from the ('arhcst period[o[he"ITI8OJ. Vol I A. D. 1066-1625. LOllduo. IB06. Col. 11-10-1141 'lh,d_Col1l40 . CM.: Memolia! COIUIIPIl,'; the Great Contract \\1[h IIi. M1je-(y. touching Tcnures \11th the Dependants. ConV£'\':I1JCC & Co cnnce,vro hv Ihe d,rectmn of the Lords of the l11J:her HO\l_'c of Pa,.lIament.IJThr ParhanllOlill"Y H,.wry of FlIghnd, fromth"arh"'tpenodtothyear 1803. Vo! I AD. 1066-11:.25.. London.IB06.Col 1145-1146. 
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Lalla TJX.'ThH npepnI"dTIIBbi KDpO'ICOC'<OH &"Ial"T1I n AID."I!!II 67 3a MOpHMH. 011 U31!:OJUrIUI nOJ1 tOpHCilllKUllel[ Kopo.lIH no npaIJy lIa- ullfl.'. 11t('[mo B pcryJlHpoBaJl1II:! Bllewllct"! TOproEL'JI\ AurJum BHJl:CJI OCIIOBIIOC 1I&1113'JCIIIIC a6co;noTlloll npepo.r3THB('[ KO[ln;IH .,'bKo1l 113- BHC. -«Kopo.lb Am.1111! lIo.%. TO.lbKO cHod-i ITpq)()fmllimii H 00- '11I:H\I'HI1I1 IIQIIL'II1HaJl.IH TlIprllHlll'l<, 1It']X'ceKaIll!lp-lX MOP}I»2, - Inl(:a.iI UH. nu C..']UB<1M ilHI:;II1HUWHJ IIp<1HUBeil<1, -«11 C.!IY'Ii\HX, l"itl' CaJ\.] Kopu.;/h II'll! ero 11Olf.,lallllb[e 1!\Jf'trJT UTlIUWetil!H IL11! ropnm.![1U C .l!pyn[MH Hapo.IJ.3MlI, KOrop[,[(' npH aTOM He CIDI:!aJl('] Ofilll!lM npaBOM AllrJI(UI (Municipa1 Law of Eng1and)!>, .J.j}.'l'l<I-JO ;\('HcrooBaTb IIpalJO HapO..1I)B'. A6ClLUOTH<tll 1Ij1I'PIll'aTl11<3, IICHlIlI3l1Hllil Ha IU1HIUbHOM llpal!(', Mhl{.'IIClalh 11dp"illllel-naplUlMI1 AHI:;UIII ToIlOKel\ l(i\'Je(TBe't(tJljIl'I(T11I<Ho- ro lIt1npYMeHTd 60pbubl C Ki\TOJ[HKa.\1l1, t1e HB..1HBWI1MIICH .tHr;m!CKH- MI[ nOll,llallllb]MH [ lie nOllnan.aBWI!MH COOTBeTCTBellllO nOllllt'lICllJ(Je common la""11 CTal}'TOB AllrJIHI[CKoro KOpD.1eBCTlJa. B 1572 rollY 'l!Ie. HbI ITa,lClTbI UfiIJU1H LM'I]X'HHIJ nfKlcl1_m KOP(LK'H)' Erll1.f3HC1y IIpUMC- HltTb U(),!IHO'-llI'JIU!.IToii Ilpepor'dTllHbJ IIplITI11J6bIHIII(,[1 KopI.L/l'Bb[ llloT- JJ3HJ1UI! Mapl1ll CTlUaPT. B nepBb[e lIeCHTltJIeTliH XVII BeKa see nO.!lltTU'lKKlle rpynn([- poBK([ allmIIICJ\"Oro 061llecTB.1 BnOllUe npIl3mma.11 ([ KOpo1JeDCK)'lO npepornnmy, OCIiOBaIilI)'IO lIa 6oJKecTBe[lIIoM npase. TaK II33b[Bae- "IDe 6o>Kcc-rBcHHOC npaoo Gus divinum) KOpo.UI.. HH ca\[ KOpDJI(" 11([ Il3.p.'laIIlCHTaplllt H(, YC"!a-I]JIIBa.m B 'JToii n(X.pornnllJc KaKon>-JII100 OLHIIH<lHIUI JJ;Ul IIpllll"->HlLlhHblX }[cllculIlii. lie Iill}['JIIHI.'HHbIX KaKIIM- '11I-60 H(Ip\l(\M IlpaBa 11 MOpa.'lIl ,lLl}! !\up'-]H KIIHIlI'II]II!H TueH- HOI[ IIPllfK¥I.bI ero B..lacTII m.a.1a Bb[rO.l!II<1 npeAJt' Bcera Tl'M, 'Jro robl- I cW"" are whe,-" (h common lawe cannO! JII<\g. The merchant hath no remedyagains[ hym lhat puyl", at seH. He is not dnder lhe pJ:OI«l of lhe lawt', th""ulldertheprolt'C[iunuftheKi"",AJJoud""'l'YtI"O\Idofoneb.-I...J.St'a. 11(' is under [hejlll"isdinionofthe Kingh)' [he lawecfnatiol". (ParlialllOC1l)'  in 1610. Edil..d, from (he nOlt',uf.. memberuflhe Ho"seofC<DU1I1JO>/ By S.l'Q\,d R,1"OllG.1rdil]er L""dnr 11362, P 137). 'D<I!esJ. The Q"e>;t;no <-<.>TJlt'llld1g Irnpo>ilions, To,mage, Pound "" Prizage. u!';[On",& Lnnclon.lfi56.P 148. "Ibid P -5. 'C,,_ Anhllmblc Petl[,nnto her 1\1aJc<l}'''nd the lkason<;J:atheroovutvfthc Ci,.j] L1\\ by Cen;Un <lppoimed by Authori[y in Parliament [0 pi1M' that it <G\IK1 tll nnt vnb' ,,th Ju'tlce bill "Iso ,,th the Queens M3Je,ues tumour "nd SafCly tn proccro cr,m;nal1Yi\l(.1ffi't [11e to.ndcd Scotlh Queen II IIC.........-ItJournal vfthe Notes, Spe,-'Chcs and Debatcs, both of the Hoyse uf Lords "nd House of C(orTIOOII'< thII".O.QiI"1UIthewhnlcRc'nofQueenl:h;-"hcth__P 215_219 
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72 IOpltilllo.-'UlcacIIl'Kn. a'O."'IICKO" fX.'HI'-"K"lm, 16401660 fllAon naJXTIJeUllblM Opr.IIIOM no Tex nop, nOKa ue 6YlleT DblJftDKeliO onpelle- Jleuuoe OCllOBaUHe apecrn, 31'1K'l10'leIllUl B TIOpw.t:V ILUJ orpaJlll'IelllUl B cB06onc. no J«JI'OPOMY OU.AQ.TlAIf:'II 6wTI" cor.'Jacuo 3aKOH)', apec-roBali. 3aK.IO'ICU B TlOpbMY IL'JH orpaJlII'-JC[1 B c 2. LIm, CCJIl! l..-aro;1ii-"lllfio l'lm6O;{Hb[fi 'JC_IOBCK fiYi1.CT apl'C1'OBB.H 1U1113aK.JlHI'Jt'H I< TKIPbMY, U,flI1 UHblM n(1pa.1l1M OI-paHI1'Jl'H H cHlI6l1j[e 110 patnupJKeH!1O Kupo!lJI, Tal1Horo COlleT.! 1!!1I1 ro-J[1I6u J[PYroro rucy1J.i\pCTDeIllIUro upr.!Ha, II He (iymT DblpoI)IIft10 HIIK,!KUro oct10Ba- HH:H TIIL'Oroa{1(CTa. 3aK.mO'lCIIH:H B TJOpbMY IL'III OrpaJ-JII'1CIIH:H B cB060- Ae, 110 KOTopOMY OH J\O![JKCH 6WTb, cor.'laCHO 1aKI1I-Jy, .apI'CTOElaH, 1aK- .J]K)Y('H H TIOPbMY IUH III-paH\1'JCH H nj()(Xu.l;', I1I1H (,opaTI1TC K Habeas ClJIpUS, ]Ipl;' I.OITal\.'ll"'IIJ"!Y apl;'C"fImaHHlIMY. TO fj T<JKUM C.'lyyae OH J\(L"I)I(l;'H 6bITbUl I1J[HamYIl)eH nO.l!;;aort>'. Ha KOHq,epeIlWU! 06em: naJla nap1lalllellTa, COCTOflDrneflOI 7 iln- pe.'l\I 1628 mila. npe.ucrnlllITe'lH ITa'IaTb[ 06uulII npe.anpHllllJlH no- nbITK)' 060cUOBaTb yR333IIIIL[t' pe3O,lIOl\III!. 01pHUaJOll\ne npaJIO KOpO- JICBCKOH B.;,aCTl[ apCCTOB('lBaTb n01JJ].aIllILIX 6C3 YKalaliHH npll'IIIH apI'CTa. 110 ClIl'l{Ita.lbHO.\!Y pacnfll>IDM'HHIO Ern Bc.ml'lCCTBa. [fuPHblM HblnYII\1.1 .lI:a,J[.;JCI1 .lI:mTCC (Dud{(-'y [)yp;1f.). f"lill<lIblM IIPl;'il"!l'l.lJ.\! em pc'lH 6hl;m I<lIIIP()("hl IIIpIlCJI11K1IHI1. 011 Hhlpa.il.. I< 'laCTIIOCTH. MblCJlb 0 TOM, 'ITO uapywe[lHfI npaB II CBo6oll aUrJllliicKliX nO)]J\aHH(']X, II\lCBIlJItC MCCTO B nOCJICJ{HCC Bpt'MfI, SlBJI5I.KJTCH oco6cHHO TI[JKKHMIt OT TOro, 'JTO OHH Cf1BCpUlCHbI nOCpC.!ICTBOM npHMcHclll1fI IOpll,l[II'JCCKI1X IIpOlIC;'I..YP. B1opI-.IM IOIq}!1II IIPilHUBt'}[ JT\1lTJlTIIH (Ldtkun), ITpeillTaBI11< Db[Ulellpf!Be.l!eHHh!e pt':.-IOJlIUIIf!11 ITaaTb[ uOlIU1H. OH nU[]b[Ta.'[OI nUKa- 3aTb, 'lTO npoB03rJlarnellllb[ii [!l-m Jilllpt'T lIiI apecT CDo60.l!Horo 'leJlO- DeKa 1IJU1 KaKoe-.Qu60 Hlloe orpaJlH'IeJlite ero CD06o.:tbI, cODepwaeMb]e no paCnOpH)I(eliHlO Kopo.UllLlll Trull1oro COBeTI\ 6e3 )'K3Jalmfl npll'lllli T3I(Oro iIpCCTI\ ILI! OrpaIlH'-JCIIII.I], OClloBblBacrCJI lIa IICCKO_LKHX alITJX aur.'JuiicKoro nap.'JaMCIlTa. dIcpBblM 1t3 HHX, - CKa:'la.1 JTI[lT!JC'10H, JlILIJ.lcTU[ Bc.,HKlli[ Xapu[}[ BO,;lbH!lC....cii. HIICj)l<bIC npHHJlTaJ.! B CCJ!b- MOti ro.l! npaDJIemm Kopo.rm 11)1(011<1 11 06liOILlelllla.ll D lI.('IJSITbIll roll npaDlellll.ll KopollJl fellpllxa TpeThern H C Tex nop- CH B Ilap!Ia\lC'IITC 60.'1('(' "IJl1I:ruaTI1 pal.... JIHlT.1CTOIi OTMenL B CBOel[ I The Journals of the Hou.,e <Jf Lords_ Bcginm Anno Dce,mo Octavo Jacob] Regis_(1620-1628).Vnl.lII P753-754 'lb,J.P7IB. 'Ih,dem 
r"lallaT}X.'TbH npep"I"dTIIBblKDpO'ICOC'«JH&"Ial"TllnAm."Iml 73 pe'lll, 'iTO nOB3 "L1w of the Land (TIp<lBO C1p3I1b!)". ynurpe6.rrne'o!bIe B CTaTbC 29 X:aplitH', "'JlO.![)KHb[ 110 H(o(IXOJ],lJMOCTH 1I0HIIII13.IbCSI B 3113'lt'HUl1 nU}I"-;<!Tt'JlhHOl"O Upol(t'cca 110 npall}' (a HC Ho0611(t' TIp3.Ha C1p3I1b!).L. TIo em Mlle1l11l0, «l'."I01k1 ;noij BenHKO![ XapT1I11, I"OBOpH- MblC B TJX'TbCM nHl!C, 1I0mKIIL!, TC! IIC MCllee, nOlIllMaTbCJlIIl' II O!WC- .'ll' TJUK6 !t?IUIY CTOfIOIJOfi IJ nOpOt1UH, 110 Kpaf[Hei'1 Mt'pe, He TOJ[bKO Mt?IUIY IIIJMl1 01lml[1I, 110 IJMellHO B CMblC,le TJDK6 t(Qpoo.eH C 1lX nOli- i131111(,!MIJ.' TIoc.![C fll1TInTOHa 1{l'»>Ka.1 pC'!h ul11BoBClllVKOH Cc.;!CH'. B em 3WID'J)' BXOiUlJ)() npelIC1<IBHTb nap.,1aJ\-1l'[rraplffiM 1Op11l11['J('C((lle npeue. neUTb[, KaCaJOIllIJeCfI o6cy)((1l&'MOro Bonpoca. Ce.,Ul'U Ill'c"'Je.1\OBan llo- "}'IIICHThl, Orpa:;!>.aHIII(l1C CYilCUHYKllIPilKHIKY Alii '11111 (1:1 I<pCIClillpaH- .!1l'HWI Kopuml 3n.yilpll.il III nu lICryIlJlt'HI1f[ Ha llpecro.![ Kap;/a I, 11 YCTI\IIOBI1., 'ITO IIC MCIICC llBC[laiI.UaTl1 npcUCl\CIITOB nOKa3[,[Ba!OT, 'lTO .'lIJWl, 3pCL'"I'OEaIIH('[C no pacnopJDKCHmO KOpoMl1l'll1 em TaiiHoro co- BeTa, OCI1("bCYlli\!11 n01l3,L10rBl''l)''lallx, Koma lIeYK.13b[Ba- JlIJl'b nplJ'-ll1l1b[ apEC1'if'. OilJl3KO BMeCTe C TeM npaOOBe.1\ npH311a. II ClJOCIi IJC'!1I, liTO IlM HblmnCHO ;IOBO.1[hHO 6o!/hIilOC KO_11I'llCTHO 1I))C!1e' IlCHTOH, (.l<ltj[l'Tt'.!lbCTlIYHIlIIIlX, 'JT!! CYithH IIlJll;' (1\0 IIPJlHIJMa.,u1 H TaK11X c'1Y'1IDIX npJlMO nponIBOrro.o)KII(,]e pellle[II1J1, TO eCTb IJOO61l!(' ue oc- m:OO)l(1lamJ nlll\, apCCTOBaJlilblX no parnq»N«'1Il11O KOpoJIH IJJlIJ Taii- HOIl.I (:OlJeTiI 6e )'t'-it"-li\HI[f[ IIpll'lI!H ilpelT.1. .lJ.;.KOH C'e.Ull'H, npaB1li\, nocr.tpa.lor y6eillITb nap..1<1MellTdpueD B TO 'JTO cpel\1I npeueneliTOB nocJlCJlHCrO pOlla HC 6OJ[CC, lICM OilUH, IIJOJIOC'I" C'lIJTaTLCH 1l0Ka3blBaJO- 11(11.\1 IlpaHO\lCpHOCTh IIOCJ[CJIHIIX PCIIICHHli" t.J:emepTlo!M DbtC'fylliI.>l dl1Y3p.!l KY!'. Olllx>.:rfBepall. o60cnoBaJl- nOCTh 4pr)'\I(11T0B, npHBe.1\l'Ullb[X npe.m..uvIllIl"!H Op<lTOpa\l1l 1'1 ilOKa- '3J1"-.hU."et'T'C>IBBI,-"-VTOTllapllaJlTlk."III(}itXdpnm:Bo.UJlOCT"H,IlOf!tJh;1 6b1.:tymepll>.!l:!'H 1'11225 ro.ll.v B nepBOllil'I>1bHO\II'I<4JIwrreaTOI'O!IOKYN lfTa,npltH Tu),..12IS':,i1>I,m,,,,....-aTWl6b1.."Ia39-;;. 'TheJ<>lIl11ahofthellrlN'ofLord'<. Vol. III P 71B. 'Ibid P719. I B"\"P'li"'c""fc.allO naoaT" J[0P.10R"" 9a.nfIC-oR 16281. I{>K CC"'lC""'P;U-'- Tepll3)t'RA 'WK agreat Antiqnillvand i\ pregll'm Miln (l'I€..lllKllii 311 fIOI(;!,j)€BIkJ<'T>1i n'lC""RCKOOraTOmnoofopa.A<£HIIH).(lh,d_P717) . ibK. Ce.ueH pil("f>I01))€. 1'1 cooeii pe'lil ,ecJlTh npeIIJ"p-rI'OB O,IIH Iia cy.l001'oii IlpaKT1'K" IICpllDJ!a lI"aB.,"Ic'm 3J1j'apJ1a III,l!Ba - BI"',"c,m npaB.,c'm fCllpm<a VII, lIRa -l(()po..CB',' MapllO, 1p"-I(()JX'.'ellh' EJrlL'laBCTh'U,,,,,, - .I1I(()Ra I (ilJl(I P T.!..1- 728) <.(h,d P728_ 
74 IOpltillllCUJlcacIIl'Kn. a'".IIIICKOII fX.'HI'-"K"IIII' 1640t660 fllAon 3aTe.%CTBO UenpaBOIIK:'pIlOCTU COllt'pJKCIUII noonpiDlll:'ii 111li, KOTOpb[e apU1'OJ!blHaJOI"OI 110 paCllopJ.l)f(CHHIO IillpOqJ! W[II TaibJOm COBCTa Oc3 YKa:'laHIJ}I np11'J11H <lpena, B :K.ilKI4eHI1e cl<lIeii pC41 3. KyK, Ilntl'Tl1H, 'ITO ITa.;una 06U_LHII e1l11ll01lyrn1iO npHII5IJIa Malll[4JeCT, IGiCaJOlI!IIHC rnpauTl[ii 1H'1I10it CBo6ollb] n01l.1\aJliloro, np[131k1. ITa:ny 10PJlOB npH- HTbllu.I06H)'IO)KeJItl\..I<lpaIlHIO,l<.UR1proIl<IpatfI1l(JVt'TfjnOCJJt''Q'lOIUeM 'IOpJIa!II II DeeM n01l1l<.lIlHb["! nOJ[b30B<lIIHt' !IX "HeCO"llIeHHbJMI[ II Q»'H- lIaMC[IT&l(,H(,[MI[CElf"6fC¥l.\lIIf>' 15 allpc.1.!! 1628 ro;ta 'JJICHbI CylJ.a KopoqCIICKOH CKaMhH. HblHCC' 1ID1t' 27 uo6p npell.lllf'CID(ll![J]eI"O r011<l pe[J]eUHe 06 UfKa3e B OCBO- 6o)f(.1lf'[IHII IDITH pbluapei! H3 TlOpeMiloro 3<1K.IO'leIiIDI, Dbtl"'fYITII.11 C :>a.llHJll'lmeM 0 TOM, 'JTO "lICe UHI COlJl:t(.Hbl, 'JTlI BeJIIJKlliI Xapn[J.I Anr.'lIU1 II [J]!;,("Tb noc,1e1l..VIOWl1X CToI1)'TUII, YIIOMHyrbIX 06uumaMII, HO CIIX nop OCTaJOTC B ClIJIC&' II 'lTO CBOU"! PCIllC[III('\I no He.'!)' IDITH Pb[WlPci[ 0111I He HapYWILl! 'fllIX aaKOIIOB, 11OCJ((»1(,K}' 3TO pClllCunc HIL"IeTI" npocTb]M peWeHueM, a He peruelll[{')l, nopo)f(.lli\lOllIlIM npe- uelle[rr. 3nlM CBOIIN 3<1.\1B.e[lIJeM CYilbH 4JaKTI['Jf("KlI npll3!1aDa.,nCb B TOM, 'JTO OHl! He HallLIII B upaliC AH(..'II1H JIOCTaTOI.JHO OIlPC.JlCJlCHHb[X U(.HOH<lHl1Ii jl,.'l}l OClio6>/KIll.'HH}1 .IUll, apt'l.""fUlJaHHhIX 110 P<K.II!IfmAC- UlHO KOpoMl M.11 TaJiuoro COBeTIlII 6e YKa.Jamm nplI'JIIII apecTIlo. Ha KOIl4JcpcIIIHm oOClIX na,aT nap.aMCIITa, cOCTOHBlllCiicH 17 :mpe,nr, 1Jl("IYIIH'r reHep<L1hHb[H <11TopHt'i'1 P. Xlrr (R. Heath, t575 1649), Decb"la auropltTeTllblH D A!lr.'lllli Toro BpeMt'HII npaDOBe.'l IlpH- 3HaB, 'ITO Bc.I1Ka5I Xapnm BO.;ibHOCTCii OCTacrCH JJ.O CIIX nop B CIU[C II paClipoCTpaH}[('T("J! Ch"OJX-'l' Ha KO))[]JU[, 'JCM I-Ja IIO;r..1aHHh[X, II 'JTO iIICCTb noc..'ie.l!ylOlllllx CTII1)'TUD, nOilTBep.!lllDWIIX ee nO.'lO)j(ellllH, TaJ\)j(e co- 'ThcJournalsofthcHouseofLm],;.\'ol III P731 'Ibid.P.739-740 '..:\oc.ooBJro. for it ,,<IS but.. Rule or Award of the Court. ..n<1 IIoJmnt.. TepMllllbi rule.. .a\anJ. II jll('gement. II€JX'i'<Wffi-JI II.. Py<"CKllii Jlab!" <!allllaKO- oo-"aKlY.1!t'lJlI""""weJ"'e.J\.ieJM.yTe"l.TOK""""''''H''JIl'IIUl«(J(uu6wew]IJ»I'.a qX lIae>-I'te pa1.u",,><o. lIaCTOHOtllM ("Y.le6hlM pel"elIe.'I. ro €CTbOlKTOM cy.'la. no- pu>tvJ.'I(JfIIII'IOP'lilI'"'-.Klle]llJl"":'-'(lQjj(]]epe>'eIlYIJIlp.lJlJIjU\(q"-'OJKt']""'<nI:lY--- ,1""mm"T.II)IInHo("o,lCp1Ka'''''>''''P't1''''CCK"iillpe'IC''''IT''R.UCTCH Tu.bKO jlldgemellh. 'fro >Ke K.a". 101 .rule. II ......11-.1.. TO <lT0 ("Y;Je6bJe peweHIUI. ffilla'IaIOJqllC lIa l"Ol""".'lCJICVTKa.'VT ,1eiiCTBIITC%'lOm fX.""CHIiH ("nop"- 0,11< 1I11',cm He)lellJlIOT BlIpiIIIOIIO\llJn!IID'(t111111 06BllllI!('\I()(1)II tlblllOCHTCH BTe ("1Y'!aHX. KOrll<1 C}'.i!.L1I HC I13XQiI!IT npo''''om IlpallOnoro OClionamlH /L...np,mHTIlH qaCTOH([jcm cY.1!<fj. Hompe,qCHQ}! F--C"")I(('tI.'\a.""..rlmc"TaKOCOCHOIwmCIIO!!tI'ITCJ<.cY.'lI1Y,1C'Tnnpane IIIIOBb"",_.ae;fO,lIoKoropo"yo"pall""lIblqecqpocTOeCY.ile6I1""pewell" (TOe<:Tb..rulc.q,,".award.) 
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76 IOpltiIlIO-MlcacIIl'Kn. a'D.IIIICK<>1I fX.'HI'-"K"lm. 1640t660 fllAon nepcOllb! Ero Be.II'!ecma, 06Il1f:'ii I>e3onacUOCUJ Ero Hapona lIJUI MI-Ip- Horn YlipaHJ[CHml Em KOpfl,'JCBCIOO\l Em Bc.U-I'Il.C'ffiY H3,1106oo 6y- JleT, Ha'1JI (:I1paHe..'LUll<}'lO IIpU'JI1HY II I"OCYJLaPlTIit'HHbIX UtfTt'('ax, nO)lBepmyTh TI0IX"-!IIOMY 3a1UJO'lellmo lUll 3<uep)((aTL KaKyIO-'III60 '-I('.,108("!CCI<)'I0 ncpeollY, TO Ero Bc.rlll'1ccrny C.C.40Ba.,10 6b[ MIl'JOCTII- DO AAPUIb, 'JTO OH D y.uoC1t1Ue Bpt'MJ1 Db[P"dJlJT I[.IJ 1I1>!pi1:JIt.'[ Ub! npll'UIHY 3al,,IO'JeIlIlH era D TIOpb!Y Will JalIepIK<UIIUI, 11J[H WIlI)'IO. H.'lll cnCI!H&1(,HY'0; II no B(,]IJa)KCIIHoii TaKHM oOpa:JrJN npH'IHHC .1I,m- BO.r[1IT CMY HCNl:/l.ICHHO 1I)X:Ii,(1a1b nqJCJl CYilOM B COffi"BCTCffilllJ C 06llUIM npanocynueM KoponeBC'lBil"], TIanaTII 06llU1l1 oTBepfJla my HeJ(,lapalllllO .10pLlOB. Bet' Y'J<J.(THI1KI1 pa(:cM<lTPIllJaCMOlU CIIIJP<I 11I1 IIOH(J,'\)' KlIfJO.il\:'l<- l-KUli IIpt'pOr.rrllllbl - TO t'CTI> Car.-l KupUilb, 'J;It'Hb[ Cyna Kopo..leDCKuf[ CK3M(,II, TI3.JlaT<I iloplIOB II TIa.1<1TI1 06llU1l1 - CX01IIL1IJC(, B npl:l3HalmH TOm. 'JTO BC.'lIlKilll XapTnH Bo.('lIocrcii lI.1{pymc CTIll)'TL!, nQllTBqxiK- lI<llOlli1Je ee nO.O)Kelllrn, cOXpallJ1lOT moro IOplL1Ii'iecl<)'lo oury. Ho D '!eM )!(e Torna JaKIO'ia.nJCb pa311omaCllJ1 MeJK!IV UlIIom"t KaK nOKaJb!- Balm' if>aKTb[, KO(ICb, em CYJlbH 11 .11I)n,W, C oJI.Hoii CTDpOHb!, 11 'L'ICHh! TIa;J;;ThIIJGlIlUH, C i!pyrofi, pacXlJ,'[lUU(b II IHlHII"raHIIII Klpllj[II'Jl'CKHX repMUJIOB, 11 npeJK,l\e Bcero TaJ(IIX rJIOOa.%lIblX JGl.reroplI}[. KaK «06- U{ce npaBO (common law).. 1:1 «npaBo CTPallb[ (lex ten-<lc)... ",Bonpoc (UCTOIIT He B TOM. llOJ[)KHI>! <laKUHb[ u.,[Tb B om\:' 1!!1I1 HeT, HO D <lHa'ie- IIHH IIX. ralJOplU B m061 BI;I("1)'II'JeIlHH D ITlp.lla\lt'IITCKIIX neGar..Ix 'LCH TIa<lTb[ OOIll[IH TI. Eo.rLl (P Ball). - '--ITOTaKOC lex tcrne? Mb[ occ CO['..'JacHb[ B TOM, 'lTO 9T0, HO COrJJaCHbI .'lH TaKlIf>[ )!(C o(pa3lN. JIOp.1lb[ H CYHbll?2 Bce }nmCT[IHKH paC'CMfflpllBa!'M(l(UCnopa 6LLH cornaCIiLI B TOM, 'JTO I\VPO leDll(<;J.I H.W Ib J[lJ;J)I(Ha o6.1<i.1<fTh IlpattOIIIO<IUt'M 1I0j!HI-arh <lpt'(oy .1HII, CUllepwalOlllIlX TaKI1e .l!eHI!J1, K{Jj"upb!e npeliCToIlL1J11OT yrpmy rocy.l{apcTBC[IIIL!M IIIrrr-pccafol. '-ITO y KOpo.J1 "-L'lMII(,] 6LIT(' lIpaamlO4HH, BlnCJ..2/(I1l!IIC 113 T<lK Ha.1L!Bac.\iOl"O "IIJJasa mCYJlapCTBai>. OmlaKO OIiH pacXUHlI'JI!Cb 'It?KIl}' co6oii D nOHHMilHI!I! KpHrepHeB, no.:JlJOJlHIOlll11X uaJBaTb TO IWIJ Huoe .l!eHIIHe yIpIMCIDOllU[M rocynap- CTHL'J-1HhlM 11HTCJX.caM. <DaKThICBIJ[e1l;'JlbLTIIYIOT,'lTOI1Car.-] KlIJ)().'lbHt'<lHa.JI;:IT11X I\jJHre- plleB II riWl'Old)' lie }\leJI '!eTKOro npeQCTIllL'lellllH 0 TOM, B KaKIIX 'TheJournalsofthHouS<'()fLorili.V()' III P.769 . Common" Ikhatcs 1628 V&3_ P 270-271 
r"lallaTJX.'ThH npepnI"dTIIBblKDpO'ICllCI«JH&"Ial"TllnAm."Iml 77 GJ)"JiUIX au Mor neilCTIJOBaTh, OCIIOBb]I!a.lJCb ua "npaDe rocynapcma&o. OCCHbJO 1627 l'QIla KapJ[ I OOpanI.!lCJ.I 3a KOHCY..'[bTaIIIlCHIlO lIaHHOMY 1<1IIIPXY I{ JI)I(di,,(y YaitTJloKy, :III1MaHlIIl"'!y H Tli tifI!;'M}! /[O.'I}KHOC.fb 'l.!leua Cyna Kopo..leDcKOH CKaMMl. Yaf[TROK OTBe11i_ KOpo.mo C"JI':I)'- 101llCC: "C'JOBa pcr I 06Uapy>KIlBaIOU!IICCJl B Magna Carta, nOlDK- Hb1110llHMaThlJl H!;, TO;[I->KO B ;;Ha'i!;,HIU1 common law, IIpIJM!;,HJlt?I011J B Be("n!IIICTepcKOJ xo.,l.e, 1i0 11 D .JlliI'ieIlHI! DCex npymx .JaKOHOB, KO- TOpl>lMIJ ML[ nOJ[b.1}«,VlCJI no)\ 3a11![ITOii npaBa Ero BC.II'1ccTBa H KOTo- Pb[C 3ab"OHHO UpHMCHJ.IIOTCR cYJtaJl-lH Ii upcJlc_JaX -Hom Kopo ICIJCTHa. 11 I!MeIiIiO <JTIIMIJ 3aKOUilMI1 OXDaTblDaeTC.II Consuetudmes Regni Angliae H OCo6cUIiO IJbllGOOIlIIDICJI H CnpaDe,1,m-JDaH npepor.mlBa" Em BeJI11'Jt'CTlJ.a. 01(HiIt\O, 'J'IlII\dl3:'TUlllpalJa IUcY,IdPCIlIi\ (lawofStal!;'), Mb[ He ;;HaeM HH TOIU, 'iTO 11011 HI1M IIOllpa3YMeuaeITJ1, HI1 rpaHI1U era nciiCTBlIH; 0110 COCTaRMICT npelIMCT, UaxQIDlIl\HiiCH 3a npcnc.'I<If,1II Ha- UlCm3I1am[51»'. T<lI<HM OOpa3ON, cnop B ilHrJ[IJi:kKOM nap,lilMeHTe, D0.3I1IJKUlI1}[ D ua'f<Le 1628 roM no 'ilpecra no cneUIJ<L1b1l0MY Kopo_eBCKOMY paCllopmKCHlJ1O 11 &3 YKa.1a1UUlupH'JIUJ II}[Tlt rbIllapel1, OTI{8.'l3lJI1IIIX- 01 1I;lilTllTb JI!;'HhI"H B l\OplI.il('I!CKYIO K;J.;iHY 110 IIPIIHYJ[III("'bHII.\I)' ;;afi- MY, Bb]51BL lI00npt'Jle1l('llllOCTb UOpM common law H cunyroo Aur- .'lHIJ, KaCalOIWiXCH .'1H'fHb[X IJ I1MYIlICCTBCIiULIX npaB aHD1HHCKIJX IIOlW.i\HHb[X OcO;:-III,W ililllllb[11 4J,lI(T, 'J,lellb[ 06cHX n.....<IT illIl">ll1HCKOro nap_iI- MeHTa npCl\!1pHIUL11 nonbITKIJ )'CTpiIHI1Tb YKa1aHllYlO HCOII'ICH- HOCTb. Ho IIOIILr[l1upH 310M 11»111.10 IlparltliOllfidlDKHb[Ml1l1ynlMIi Ifu.'lilTa Jlop.!lOB peUIH;m nOilBecTu non KOpo.eBCK)'IO npeporaTI[- BY, 6a:mpY101U)'1OCJI lIa common law H CTaT)'T<lX AnrJJIII1, OIlQ,UI1- Tt'JIhllOl.' IICHOHaHue H BUjl!;' fJlIJI\t'CTlJl'HHIII1I IIpan.a. Op/[l1HapH<tH llpe- por.JTlIIJ<I Ero Be.ll'fecTB<l 6b[,1<1 o61,HILeHd D ileK.![ap-dIlfII1 ..'10pnOB "BBCIX'UIIOii ('\I)' EomJ", TO CCTb 6o>Kcc-rneUUOH npcporaTIJBoit On- HOHpcMCHHO 3Ta n(lt1lOrm1lBa KO(X'lrrn Ha3blBa.r[i!Cb 3J\CCb "npUCYIl\CH Em CyaepeHt1OCTW> - IJlla'ie roBOp.ll, aHa o61,HD..Tl\I;JaCb DbITeK.llollleii: HJ TOro)l(e ]CTO'1I1HKiI. IJ3 KOTopora npoHCTeK.Ua afx"01i1I!TIIIDI npepo- l'a:ruHa. ',[J.JK.YaiiTJIOKIIOJ!,""j;'C2p!IITI1JIIC11INJOOp-"lIOap"y"'npcpo- faT<tHy I(lJ(1OI!}1, OOCKo."'KY ""CHno oHa OCHOI\3Ha na rommr,r, la>' IICTa1)"raX AHf.onn ''-LilT no. PeRrell DX SIT Jam"" \Vh,tdock's rxtra'Jlld,c1al ..m.-._r to the Crown III 1627 jjThc H"tnrlcalJo\lfnal 1996_ Vd.3!1 P 737-741 
78 IOp'LlIIUk(lca..,...KT.. a,o...mCKOII fX.'''',-,[J''JII''' 1640-1660 nlJ\U" t.I.ellbl Ila.'JaTb] 06llUUI omeprJl1! npelL'IOJt<l<'Ulrn JIOp.1l0B. OUI!YBI1- nC-,1H B HIIX onacHYIO TCHi/,CHllltlO K CMCIIIl.HHIO op'IIIHapHOi1l1pcpora- Tl1l<bl KlIPU!IH C erQ aOCll.IIOTHIII111 60:W;l'(:1.H!;'HHOfi 1IfX,.'PIIIC\Tl1!JaMI1. TIo IiX MuelllJlO, ecJI! 0p.1llluapUlliI KOpo.f'BCKaJI npeporaulBa 6Y.l!eT no- CTafulClla ua I}JY[llIIDJf'IlT 6IDKccroeUliOro npaBa Gure divino), olla ue 6vnf'T CBH::Jatia nO::JIHfJBHbIMI! 3<1KUHaMII, Hl1Kawii 'Je'lOfllO'Jenmi1 3a- '(II tie CIIkM>.eT ee 0111HTb Y MJpa..I1 BBe.l!elllle)!le B ct)Jepy common law fJ CTIll)'TlIOm npaBa AHrJIIIl! TIlMIX IOP!.1IH'JCCKH H(, onpcJ,CqCH- Hb!X 1I00Url1lH, KaK ..CYBCPCHHOCTM> lUll .Q'Bl1)cHHIDI 1!.!1a(.1.hf>, oCJ[a- 6HTero I}JYUlIaMe[IT! pa3pY!lurr lICe 3JIalH[e nparo 2 oo.!Iee nplleMJ/eNb[M iL'lII TIa.'JaTbI 0611UIII OKa3a.1CH npyroH Il)'Tb YlTpaHCIlIt}l1I6Hapy:w;uBlller;cH HellllpCi!e.'ICHHlICfII HOp.\! U611ll'l1Il1pa- Ba 11 (Tal)'lUB IIpHHJ\1lle CneW[i\,lbHUI1J 3aKOtf<l, B I\IJIUPOM 6h[ lIun- TOCllCl> Ii pa:n,HCIffi.mICI> CTI\'IUI BC.!IIIKOH XapnU! Bo.!Iblloncii Ii weeTIi CTaT)'"[OIl. npHIDITwx BO 1IfJC!clla UpaIL1CIIUii 3.ayap.!la I Ii 311,yap.!la III. Kap,q I 06crua. D ua'Ja.1e anpe.1H He nJX:IDIlITBOO<lTb nap.1aMellTIlpHHM lIa "TOM ny-m'. 011 nO.l!TBeplLH,q <lTO CDOe 06ewallue Ii IIOC..'JC TOI'O, IGlK TIuaTa 06nll-!H OTI<CPUJaJlCK,JafJalIHiO Ila.'[aTh! ..'[op- "III<. B CIilJ!;'M IIIIC.'I<lHI1I1, HaIlpal\!I€HHOM B HII:IKHI{lIO 1Ia.lifl)' lIap.laMeH- 111 no OKOII'laJIHH TaJ\1 ne6aToB no ::rroil.1le[UapauHu, Em BC.,'JIi'lecTBO 3illIBIL, 'lTO 011 Ha.\iepeB"t("[CJj n01l.1lCp)I(JiBaTI> .'lIl'IUl>]C cllo60J\b[ U HM)'- lllt'{"TIIt'Htit>[e IIp"olBa CBO!f'( IIOil,![i\HHl>[X, 'JTO UH 6Yiler YJlpilB.iIJ1Tb "D cu- OmeTCTDlII1 C 3aKoliaMii 11 Cr.nyrd'-m <mJ1"O Kopoo.'Iffi{"1'Ba""' 'ITO nap- .'JaMCHTapHHM "C,lCn,yCT C'JI1Tan C.'lOBa Em BC.!III'JCCTBa rnKOij >KC I'Xmb[IIOfi rapal-fl1k.,jj. KaKofi mi.![}JCTnl .lro6oii 3aKoH Ii KaKOii 6h[ TO Hii 6bL'IO CTaTyrt-, 'HO nap.aMeUTaplll! 6yllYT no,lb30BaTbCH JJCeNIl CIIOH- '06,..",,, I'UaOp'L', OaJIpIl."CP. opaoo""-'!3. KYK oa O",'IU" l\J 3aCJ)lii nana. T 06l\!1u,. CM.. ConunuJr, D b.tI"" 1628. Vul 3. P 94-96. '.51 "''''KJ, - moop".'1 3. KyK. - '1m npepuraT'lII<' fiTb 'IaCTb urau". ,10 C}'IIt'- peHll!I>I BH("Tb' He JlB,,"!.k'TCI1II,lp..laMel["J'('KII.\1 ("10BO" no UW\Iy MllemllO, 0110 ()(".q,,6- lmeT De."III<YIlJ XdpI10lJ (I Ill" nmYTbI; TI'K K"K U,... ..6w'l1l,""". 6eJ K...."i't-1"'oo CTaTI>II 0 "CyJ! pel<lmii ala<"Tl" II (".., HaM dlltJllTl> ('ro, KaK Mbl oc.a6".\1 rpYH- .......,'T Ilpua H TUl;;ta J"",me .......MWU !iv,il,er ou 'ieOO.....I...""'-"T1I V'I1I(Tb (.Lid. P1I9.'i) 'Cuo6taUi 06aTO1 nfLlaTe0611IlIll, rocY!lapl.TlJelDlblii c:t1q)E'T<pbil)!(OII KOYK :I;:b=;.:,:;.{;q;I:'KH:'I;;t):b::1 m"mJcm]""HwI! X l«JIX'lICIi_t.-Jcc.OI!BHMnp'L'lCTM",c.'bOaIL'C>KHWI",06pa."'Mo6ec. IIC"OThB3TO."cc6"nocpe'Jn1lON6'L1.0JlIL"I"lIDa"c..O"(IIMeeT("JlR"'L'I.I'KOpoh,- B.T) o61'wacr B"-" (I }'DlJI>K-T ""C, 'ITU npellOCTaH11T ""M IIYTb.1\illl aTum (C"'nmul\S Debates 1628 Vd 2_ I' El) 
r"lallaT}X.'TbH npepmllTI!BblKDp<I'ICIIC'<OHR,"IaI"TllnA,o."IOII 79 MH CIJ06o.aa'l1i D TaKOH )II:e TO'IIIO Mepe, D KaKOH [JQJIb:J()IJa.'lIlCb HX npCllKH BO lIpUIll.Ha Jlro6bI" CaMb[X }[Y4UlltX cro IIIX'JUIICCTBCHHIIKOB B :i<lJ(.,'1104eHI1t')I(e CH0eI1lIIOC.rlaHIUI KOpo..rlb COOfilIill.rl, 'JTO' LI 06ec- ne']e!lrn arora I1aaTa 06illHII "1Ol".1a 6b1 (ec:m ollaoo aTOM n:yMa!'T) npooccnl El1.rL1i(, Will npClInpHILHTb 'ITO'1(j6o IIiiOC.'. B UTBeT Ha 3T0 nOC!iaHl1e noL'iaTa 06nU[H IIpHH>lJia 3 MM cneuu- a.'lbHoe oOpallleHI!e K FVpO'lIO, "urupoe .l!BY"m ..'iIl>l"!H IlOO..'illee 6b1.o 3a'JIlTaHO Em I3c.'lIl'JCCTBY CI1I1KpOM 11>K. <DIIII'JC[ (j. finch). B aTOM OOpa[IICHIIU mBOpltJ[OCb 0 TOM, 'JTO Hll'tJUUI na.l8la uap.;fa"ILHla 1I0k IIOCTb]OllOBep5ieTc"'iOBaM 11 06elllmnno Era Be'll['-Jf'(""f1J;l. OIUlaKo, 3a\IB- Ji5L1H nap..laMeIITapHl[ KOpoJUo. nOCKo.(,KY MHIIHCTpa"m 'faCTO COBep- lIIaKJl"OI HC:JaK('HHhIC ;1!;'licfHHJ.I, 'IU HeT J])'4I11crucpe/[lTHa "1t'[UXHIIIIHTh yrnereHHhie n.V1lI11 BawllX Ilpe.!liIHHb[X Cvfu,et,.--ruD Ha 6u..'ipylO !lOMe(!- :lKK}" Bamcro BC.'!WiCCTna.., 'ICM npHIIHTb 3aKO!I 00 HX npanax H CBO' 6o.nax. na,aTIl 06ll\11H HanOMlIHa,a KOjXJJllO 0 cro HII5iX Hac'JCT ilTOro 3<IJ({)H<I I! 3aBep5i,liI era D TUM, 'ITO nap.'JaMeHTilpUH !Ie I!MetOT lIaMepelll15l uropmyrbC5i B c4Jepy era CyDepelinreTa (j npepornTHDb[ H He )l(c.alOT HCKIDKaTb lUll pcHHTcpnpCTllpOIJaTb JlcflCrnylOIllCC aHI.... '1I1IiCKI'e IIpalJl'. BC!;'TU, 'J!;'11I0IlH .106uHdtU1UI, CIIO'lIIIC}I.lUlllb Kl:fIlVlC- lIell1110 3l1a'lelm5i lex terrae (npana CTpallbI) B CO'IeTalll1l1 C <'lIeKOTO- pb["m YMCpCllllb[MIt nOlIO)l(('IIIIH"m J].Jl>I npllBe,/:\ellWI B lIciicrBlie H IKIIU)[Het-lWr". lIP-diIOUt>lX HopM 3 . B CBoeM OTDeTe 11<1 aro oopalllellile Ila..'JilTb[ 06lillm Kilp. I .lliUI [J()IDITb nap.aMCHJa(llISlM, 'ITO OH HC BlIJ\HT HeofJXCIJMOCTII II np[tWl- THH 1aKOHa, 1I0HCHmO]IICI"O!lciirllJ'o,'IOIIiCC 3aKOHf1/llliC IbCTIIO, HO roTOIi nO.l!TBepiUITb Be.IK}'[O XaPTlUO fulbllocTei1 11 weCTb cr.nyroD 3ny- apn.a III 3n.yap.!la III II 3<1KOII01laTeJi(,IIOH 4Jople. 110 6e KaKllx-Jlrl60 lIepl'CKa:JUB, JllllI{)..rIHeHUII1;jU 06ba'HeHIIi:!. nilJ[aTa 06UllIH UKa;Ja:la("b II TPYilHu"r [JWJ{)JI<.et-I1!I!. Comillililllcb lIa npl!UHTltC 3aKOlia 0 .'iH1.JllblX (! U\!yIJ.!('CTB!'IIII(,1X npanax H cno6o.Iax aHrJll1iicKliX [J())!J13HH(,iX, KfJ(XUb lIMe'! II BlIJIY. 'JTO MOT 3aKOH 6YlICT JllUlJb nOIl1'Bep1KD.ilTb eTilTbl! Be.IIKOII Xapnm Bo.%HOCrel[ IIlIp)'rllx craT)'ToB. Ho IJMeCTe CTe:\1 011 np]3bJBaJI napo.aMeJlTapneD poccMiITpll- I Thc Journals of the Holl<;C "f Lords_ illmn.g Anno Dcc,mo OC{3U,J3C01J! Regis. (t620-t628).Vol.III P787 'BopJII1I113-"C 4"TaJscthcdcJcctcdhcartsofyourlovJn.g'illl-!fCd'It03chccrful slIl'plyofyouM3Jl"'tY9 Tep"mlSlll'ply,()3Ha4aeT:vtec"n<111,"'pIU(}"(.""c.'CJ1.'aT" . Commons t:kbatcs 1628. Vol 3_ P 254 
80 IOpltiIlIO-MlcacIIl'Kn. a'O.IIIICK<>1I fX.'HI'-"K"lm. 1640t660 fllAon HaTb\:,I1IYCTlilICIIUl'lI!3HII\:,CO(LlIO}IiITbI1XBIQ!'J('CTHl.'cnLlb)KCHa,il(.')K- HUll 1<1P;tITHll, l\aFVii BJml'TCfl :1106011 1!11CaHI>[f[ 3aKUH. nu c"lUBa.M anr:IIJf!{"Koro HCC"Ifi l{JK. rilfl, -«Ha(1aIIIJaHlle KOpu.,1f1 Ha TOM, 'JTlI \:'111 VCfHOl"(J IIUl111<fHIIJ.I ;\(X;TaT04HO, !H1(TaBiI KI O(jIII!1Hbl B ouac- HUe HeyJ\IIUCl"HO. nO.'{Tl.'KlT .J.olt'lh 3<11(.,'1104,1010'] B TUM, 'JTU 1\o1A.11>]H Hu6HIJaBU/lIiicfI p6JJ.1p'lbl 3aKOHO.n.aTe.bCTBa, He HOBeJ»[JI eM)'l>, ero KOpOJlC/JCKO'-IY I<CJlI1'J(C lIiY ' l{1I(r,UiltM I( :-H1IMY, 'JTO na,'laTa 'IUPJIOB, l'(.:UlI1 6hl!liI CUI 'laI:.Ha Ha KaNIe-'llt60 llUIIOJIIleHim K 3<1KOHV, TO HU0/IO'IHTe,11>1I0 Ha TaK1tf:, KU- TOpblC YCWlIlHaJ[H 6b1 Kopo;JCI<CKy'lfj 1J.!lacTb. B "111'( yc,;JOHIIJ.lX 'J.!leHbl HI1)11:HCli na.'"laTbl IkIfI"'ilMeHTa BblHy)KJ[C- Hbl 6b[.111 lII'Ka:1<ITI>C"J.I UT n![aHa IIpHIITII 3<1KUHa, 3aKPeJ:\!mlOlnero IIpal<altcIJ(Xill.i1b1aHI.!iHiicKIJXIIOJ\lI,aIlHhJX,ItC"ramIIlCKaTbIlHOHCII0- ("(Iii I<blpa>KellU}I CIiIll1X YCTpe"I.!ICHm'1 B peJY:]bTal"e 6 "ti\.J.I 1628 11J)!3 na..laTo\ oooom IIpf[H.1a pellleHlJe BUIIJ[UTllTb (;BUI1 HII BUP- MY IICTIIIIIIII0 IIIJIllil- nllrHli!.OK IIp1lHlTI1J.I ualY'"B 1I(X;pc..'[CfI<OM !HJ)I<f'J11 KOplJ.:JlO lIap- la'll'l-ffilPllJ1MI1 1Il'Tf!I[fl1J 0 IIpaBe 11I1OC.'[l'1,ylOlllelV UTB€'Ta Hi! Hl'e Ero &nlJlIcCTBallciicrnoDa.Q B AHr.1l!l1 1\0 ccpc..'{ItHb[ XV BCKa 3 Bo BTopoH 1IIJ.1111<11Hl.' YKa:-I3HHllro (.IOC1IU1 yrHcp..IIUaCb IIPUIIC.i1..)fpa UpflHJlTl!J.I CTaIyT(II-IIIyreM pa:-Ipa6I1TKU lIap,1<1MeHTlI'-! IIX IIplll.'l(TlIB TilK Ha:ihl- BaCMblX 611.JlJIci nO.Y'-1aBU/Hx ilOc.,1C !IX OilOOpCHI151 KOpOJIC\ CHJ\Y 3aKOlia npl1HHMIDl pCIIICHI1C 0 COCTalJ.'lCHl1I1 UCT11l111l1, lIap-'laJ\t('tua- plUl XOfXllIHI (U-IHo\Ba,111. 'I"lli lo\tJlM ('II{)("tX)lIM ()HU He (.MUlyr nU}IiITh :JaI(l)IJa,aa"PCIJ.1}!lOlI{Cro ilp<lBa II C allf:\lliicK[IX llQ.'li{aHHblX. B CIJJ.I:Jl! C 9TltM BecbMa IIpU\!('JaTC'lbHb[M }I1L1HC1'(;}1 TOT aKT. 'ITO Ht.:ero 3a Jll'(.J.llb JllleH i\0 I1PI1IU1TH>I J[aHHUlU pelllt'HI1J.I, a IU!eHHO: , Guy). A. The Origins uflhe Petition of Righi RetOll<idmc--I The 1-fut00000aI. Juurnal 1982 Vu1.25.:N.2 P309. 'lOlqJll6el"ll)'Tb;J.}]6bp;uM1III}](OO1IxTpe6ooaDliiKcJ>oI)\t!'lIeTIII\IIIIO opime "',"" 'I.'eII!\( ItLurbi u6ll!11JJ <qI2IIOIII:oI3 KYK. nap."I>L\!t'lm'P,mTu>lac Y.nrr IIOpTmnopll.nr>a.1110\lt'r1'1tOf"t>ooe.np"":Jollle..ll!lej;("HII)j(Heiil]a,laToiinap.'Ia'\llt- TH: .MbllJ oat'W}]I!It't' HpeM}] ollycm;UI{"bUT ouoolun,rrym II OUoofU:<:IIWlla K ne"nl- qll"oopanC,II/(OTCII0I'.110Ka'0I'Jl"'HcnpIiCOC.1I1HJITCRI(Ha",nDl(aKOmH""CHIIJI lIaWe ,"\eiiCTulle 11.\leTb He 6Y.1leT> (lIfIT 110: Tann r) R. English ("O:;titulion d ("onnicts ofrhc""CIII""nthccntlllyI603-16R9_C,19.'i71'(;.t) , Iia aTOo6c..-lSI'W%ITBO ,>6p;m1  tIIIMalllle 1IiII)'\tetIT,1f1IleB I1pa\lOell.;:}. Kyl(. 3a.<IHlmlllnii8.""'1628I.oa""PTCKO;;KOJl""'pCIllIlIll...m3aKO'(j)'l>IfC""""" Ilpo'IC.i\.vpa.'Iepc.lnO(rcaIT"OnCT'''''m6b1.:1aCTap'mHb'''Lpe1C1W....'l0aCTIIOm p:rI.1Of,a tS'Ji..JW l!BV'" j)p\o:],," - HoPKO .. Jlam.iIl"ll.p'_ (The Journals of th Ho\l<;cofu,r<k Vnl.lIl_ P 787) 
r"lallaT}X.'TbH npepnI"dTIIBblKDpO'ICOCI«JH&"Ial"TllnAm."Iml 81 DO Dpewl oocYJKlIemrn npe1L10IKem!U TIiUlaTb[ .rropnoD, 06JIe'feJ:IUbIX 13 rfY!p\IY ncn!lllllt 0 IIpaac, TIa.}laTa OOI1\(1H Bb[pa.1W[a OTpHUaTCJ[hHoe IITHIJIIlt'HHe K 11(:IH!.Ih.JlIlli!IIHIO TaKOI1l polI,a .1OK}"IeHTOH ;IJIH Ix;".cne- 'Iemrn npaD 11 CB0601l nOlllk1UII(,IX. Cpe.411 ee 'J.TleIl08 130301),1:1,.11<1.10 "me- IIIIC 0 Tmf, '-.lTO pMa nCTIIWU[ 0 npaB(' IIC rapaUTl1pyCT 1Op1l.'III'-JCCKOH U[.%[ BHHb[M B Heii HOPMiL\!. Ha nap:laMelj'f(.KOii KUHq;epeHIIIU1 8!'>W1 1628 ru.lliI CUl)'ilUHH 6bL"Ia YlH'llpyroii. Tenepb 1Ja.l<IT"d 001lU1H npll3blBaa .1011.108 UO"...ICp)f(3'["J, COCTaR'JCIIII(,lii ell) np(X'KT 1ICT1J1!1U! 0 npaBC ' . MeJKll)' reM 13 nCTOpll'lecKOii '1IiTepa-rype Bce npencralL'I, KaK npaBlL'IO, TaKIIJ\! M, 'ITO TIaaTa 06ooli1 C Ca.\[OI"O ua'Ia,;m pellIl1;Ja Bblpa:-mTh Cl<mt TIX(IlJHaHItH H II)()p"IC I1ennllllt 0 IIpal<e ()() ;rrUM IIHllleT, B 'iaCTI1UC11I, lI.aDltrl 10,,1 TIo eru CJ[OBaM, OOllUmb[ "t1e npCTCIll\OBa.'111 Ha KaKIIC.J[II60 1I08(,]C npaBa 1'1.,'111 npnB!UCIliH; OHI1 .'lIJlllb I1_'IIIC(, 3aIl!1tT[lTl> TC, KOTopb]C OHUJ yt1ac.'Icgo,BaHb[ IJ"!I! OT npenKuB, II 3aKOil cooli peW1IJ11i Ha'iKm> I1ETl1lU1EH 0 I1PA- BE.2 I1a.'lara .mp/[III! y""c 8 "1aJ.! 11 6C:i 1IC1I6h!x ynlHIl)xlIJ CO[J]<lCWlili:b IIII/L'II:'fIAdTI> npeil.-IOIKCHHYK) J1a."aTlIH 11611111H I1cTIIIIIIK) IllIpaUt', JLUI 8b1pa60Tl<H npoeKTii neTHI!HIJ, ycTp3IIBaJOI.lK:'IO o6c na'JaTbI nap.'1aMeu- Ta, 6bL'I 06Pil30BaH ClICl!IlaJIbUwii KmllITCT H3 'L'ICIIOB IlaIIaTb[ 06ll11JH H TIil'Ii\TI>I >lOp,'1on B KlL111'1elTBe 10 'Je.'IODeK. to Mill.. ;nUT KOMI1TeT 3ilBepllllLl (.DOIO pa(01)' H npe.ar:l"dlJ1L1 lIpOeKT neTlIl!I[1J nap:JaMeiITa- pHHM .4.-H oOCyA(J\eHII.II TIpO[lCCC OOC}')Ki1CH\t}[ TIcn!llHIl 0 IIpaBC 8 aHl:;,!uficKOM nap.'Ia- Mt'iITe lL1H.'ICH OKO.'lO Tpex lIene.lb. BpeMell.1MI1 011 npHIIII"!a.'I 1JeCh\la 6YPllwe 4>oP[b!. JIOPllbl npc.:\rrpmulJIII nOnbITKjI .'I06am!Th 8 TeKCT IleTl1l1l-11 {lalblll, IIO'l"JIIl1XII\.liUOlllVIO a6coJllurllYlO Ilpeplll<lnll<Y Ko- PO'K:'IJ{'KUj;'[ Il.i[alTl1 "cYBepeHHYIQ B.I Fl1pOJI. 1..L'leHb[ TIill<ITbl OOI1I1JII lljJyIKIIO H PC!ll[ITC.'1(,IIO DLtCTynlL'Il1 npon1B BKIO'[C!iII.II <ITOH CTilTI>IIDCfIA!-'(I»>L\HlrcTIcnulIllI 3Ta HOBafl nHCK)'CCI1H \(t'"ntl)' II<Ip.1IiINeti"R'KllMiI 'Pynm-qxmttalllil no DOnpOCY COOllIOlllelll1.ll aocomoTlloii H OpD.llilapnOH npepor.mm , I:\u:nrndIlIlIlliim""cII11q_,cHoBlla,aTb'OOIIIIlUIIX"'OB<:,,3_Ky>:rnBop""" TOI, qro OHII l<aQepTa..111 neTlllUl10 11 nP.1Be B ("OOJ1IP']{"'J1111 CO CTIIp)llIlIb'MII Ilpe IICjjCIITa\l" 0 OCTaBII"" "JIOCTT""ICTBO Jlopll3" 11-'" npllCOCJl'mC1I11H K ml.\I (Thc Journal., of the HOIl<;{ ofLord, 6Qginnmg Anno Declmo Octa,.oJaenh, Regis. (1620- 1628) Vol III P.787) 'IOull Allr'D""0JIInaCTwo.llm!aC11OiIfJT'oIITo"l CI61 
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r"lallaT}X.'TbH npepnI"dTIIBblKDpO'ICOCI«JH&"Ial"TllnAm."Iml 83 MeIlTap]1I VlMellllO <ITII apryMellTb] y6er0L'JH JIOpilOB B 1I(')!<.t''ldfe1Jb- IIOCTH BKJlfO'lelll-lSl B TIenmloo CTa:JNI 0 "cyBepelllloii B.'k1CTH» KOPO- Jlil. 26 Mall TIa.aTa .OpiIDB COrJIaCWIaCb npmffiTb I1enw1lK) 6e3 aTOH CTiiThH. 2 HIOI[}[ 1628 rO}!,a TICTfUtH.!I 0 IIpaoc, OI\oI5jxIlIlID[ oOClUlU! lIa3[a- TaMI1 3HI-JIHHCKUI1I nap.Jla.\!!;'HTa, fibL'la '->a'Jltr<lH<l KapJlY I. Ero BC,lU- 'leCTBO Ul1WTfL'1 C It''l..vlOllreii pe:;omuIP1ell d<UPU.'lh Ae. 'lTOOh] TIpaoo OC)'ll1t'ITB.r[j1."IUtb B (UUI1Je'I1TBlIII C 3"1KOHaMli II 06b1'-liUlMII KOpo.'1CBCTBa VI 'JTOOl>] CTIl1YI"I>] HcnOJ1H1L111CI> J¥)JDI(HWM otipa.xJN, .n.aOl>] Em TIQ/VlaIlHb[C HC IIMC}[II np[l'IlIlIb[ >Ka,10BaTbC1 lIa KakII:-.'lI100 OfilJlbI IUU IIpIlTCCHCHlm, 1Ij1!1Tl1l<opc'lalIlIIC UK CIIpal«;'j(.,IUl<blM TIpa- BiL\! II BWlhHO!.TJ.lM, CoxpaHlITb IIDropt>tt' IIH (.'1HToIt'T (.ro}! IIU CUlle011 T.tK:lKe 06KI<1I1Hb[,,!, K<lK C'OXp"IH5ITb CDOIU TIpej1nr.rfllDY.'. m<1 pe3o.,llOUH.!I HI! 1»op\lO(1 CDoeii, HII C"OlK:'(J'K"UlI!eM He COOTBeT- CTOOBa.a 11CTOpn'leCKII c.'IO:IKIIDUJ1IMC.!I npill!ILa[ )'TB(1)>K.lft1H.!I KOpO- JleBCKOii fulacTbfO aKTOB nap)Ja\K'DTa. Kopo_% II36paJJ ee noTO"\)', '-ITO caMa I1cnll-\wl 0 npill!c IIC nQIL"«XtIla HII no.I\ 01lHY 113 pa3HOBlIJ\HOC- Teii aI..TOB, XapaKTCpllbIX JI.,H npaKTI1KII aHr.'llliicooro nap.J1aMCHTII ro- 1"0 l<!X"'tl"'l111. CO][CP>KaHUC >KYPHa.1I1< TIa,IaTbl JlOpJ1I< H TIa,'IaTbl 00- II[UH IIUK<I:JblHa!;'T, 'JTU pa:->..rlll'JHblC IleTmlll11 pi!l"(""laTPlBa.'IH{"b IIO'JIII lIa KfI.JKl\OM 113 3OCe,J.aIDIU3T11X na.'JaT, 1I0::rro 6bLlj neTMl\nIl '-laCTlioro xapaKfcpa - npolllCIIII.!I, IK:XOJllffiUJ(jCOT KaKOro-JII100 ro RHl\3. TIa.1aTL,[ Bb]CKa.1b[Ba.![IICI> B I[J( no.:J..l(f])I<KY (j IqJC,!lCTaB.!I5L'J1l KOfIO.'l1O H.'ll-l II TafiHb]ii COHC"f 1-111 I1cTHlIHJI 0 IIpaHC, IIIX' {("1atJ.,'!l"'l1Hlli[ CI'O ReJIH'JeCTH)' 2 HlUH1I 1628 10.'IiI. 6blJla IIpUII3Hl'./It.'t111eM ca"tlIl1) lIaj).la- MeHToI, TO KTb IIMe.r[a UyU.1II'lHbIi1 '( >piI.Kfep. , Thl'journa\s ofthe House of Lord" Vol III. P 835. B ..C60p'lIIKe WIl}'\CITOH 110 Olloplm "",.umCKOII Gv""lUii peHWJIOlJI-l1l XVII HeK1'& B, M 1'J IV'D"'ow (M.. 1973) Op'n=ell "eeooce." TUJlLlH oeII!I.'\:rroi, JI!'''''-UOlJI-tJI Kap.',a I. O...<k,mo ("II.lLI<Olk!(1)!(t1I("'lbl{'1II()(".qe.alleiiee Olla II pt'tit:'Wllaa.:\ecbTaK: Kn.6110- ae''''''''''l.J.[OOoruollloneT,..{;Hoo......llllbl>'D1U''>Ke''e"" ""KKI'"JMllemllO ("lIOeii IIpOfl1l.\JM'M (l"Tp. 100J). B O311 (" "1"11"1 JI nplltlO)!(y oplll"l,,,a,"Ihlllii TeKl"T pe'Jo.UOljllll: ..The IGogwIlII'th. Tha[ RighI bedone. Ilrordirtgtolhe L,,,,,,and Cus[um, of the Realm_ And that the Statutes he put m due E_--uunn, that H,s SlIt may hawllo('lI1St:to("o!llpldllof;myWrol\gSoro:;contraryloll1eirj"'t Rights and L,bcnro. tn [he Pn:<en-'<II:mn ,,"'-rent he hnld. Homelf m C..-",,---.oJCC as \\"ell oIiliJ1e<I<lsof Ilis PrFrog,otive& '11c-..-'1",',ecKllc"O;'<IIBwlt"""BAJlr."IIIUIIafI<laIlTh'KOpo..eBcK'lXpc:>o."IIOIJ,Ii;oa II plJ;l....lJl'O\nx aocrax p<Ll.......nom roM" n O:1!laHIIU A l.CmpIcat JOllmal rn the Notes, Sp'-,,-'Ches and Debates. both of th House of Lords and House of CIIIT1jR;O'< thoUIthe\\'hnleRe'nofQuecnl:11?-"hcth__P328 
84 IOpltillllCUJ'cacIIl'Kn. a'''-IIIICK<>11 fX.'HI'-"K"IIII' 16401660 fllA"n I1ap.r&l."IeIlTapHlIlleYlIOfuleTDOplL'lIiCb OTBeTOM KCI)JO.l.llliit UX I1e- TI1I(I1J(J H IIOlllll)UL'iH Em Bc][II'JCCTBO IJ(JCTaHHTb/lPYI}'1O (1C.J(l,IIOI(I1J(J, I<blp;uKaeMY'1I II10p"IY;JlIU -«Stilt Dnllt fait come est clesire»-l. 7 UI{IHJ.I 16281"011<1 Kap.l Inpn6LI. lIa KOIIepC'lllllIlO 06ern.: na.aT nap.;JaMeJITII H OTla. npHKa3 nap.;J3MC1ITCKOMY KJicpKy 3aMeIlHTL npe)((IIIOIO pC30- JilOUfllf) lioooii, noc][e 'lero ;;a.I]lJl'L'J 11ap.1i1MeHTdpuHM: .:7rn, 11 Yflepel:l, I1D'JJK'IOI ilOCTIlTO'1IIb[)!, 01111<\1<0 lie 6(mee TOro, 'iTO 11 rapi!JiTflpoDaJI BaM B I\1ocM I1CpEIO\! OrBCTC; TaK KaK CI"O 3IGi'JCHIiC aatvllO'1a.roCL B TOM,  11O/111J(1),'UHh BCC BaUIlI Bll,IbI-JOlIll; 3Hlli[ L HalUHX co6- CTJJe[n!b[X TOp)!(f'('1'D('lIl!b[X 3lli1B.e]IIJii, 'lTO Db[ lie IIQII.pa.J)'Mt'lJaeTt' H lie 3aTp<1l"1maeTe Modi: I1peporanlBb fl3aDCpJlIO nac, 'ITO MOH I1pHII 1111I1 nK IOIlT H TOM, 'JTO HaJln.'lHhll' CI<060,1.hl Y(1UlBi1l<Jl" KopO.lel:I- l.KYIO npepol<ITfJny, H 'JTO Kopu.q:el:ICKaJI I1pepUrdTl1lJa nOJ[)f(Ha <li1WH- '-WITh HapoJlJ!b[c Coo6oH('I... YTBCP)!(,i\CHIlC ((O()().!iC"! I1CTHlIHII 0 IIpaIJC nocpclI.l'TBOM pc3O.'lIO' lli[H <lSO[t drOIt faIt (.omme est desire" 0311<\'Ja,lO, 'JTO 3TOT nOKVMeHT IIO,lY'!H.1 CT<I"I)'C 'mcrnoro II8pJIiIMt'HTCI aKra 3 (ny6.II'llib] nap' 'IaMCHTCKUC aKTbl yrHl1))((,,'[3.JlIlCb pC.i(LIKJllHCii d.c Roi Ie \'cult»') HHd'le U He MOl!]1I6hlTh nl'THlII1Jl HC CO.![l'pJI"Ua HlII<blX IIpaBOHhlX IIOpM, it RHlllb IIO)lTBepJK,'kU3 CTIlp(,]e, y)((e ,UCi'nuyIOlillle'. OrCIO)liI c.'JC1I)'CT. '-iTO yKa13l1l1lli1 I1cTlIl(IDI IIC CTa,'!iI B 1628 I"OAY 3aKOHOM. B 11O,1NY <JToro (.pW[eTe.r[t.{TlWeT H GI"IO BpeMfi )'TUepAllt:'liI1H.:J'IDIU 11.0- 1()'Me[lTa KqJU.leM - cepemulil nap.,1iIMelffi"Koti (:eC("I[IL 3aKolJ011<ff{"Ib- I CrnptJ«JpaJ"-l¥JCKIJe I!be, 0011""""""'" 6YKU>l.U]j(); ..nYL"Tb 6y....,,-r.u<, 1<310""'_'''''.\10_ C,,_, TheJournalsohhc HoU3COf wrds_ Vol III P 844 'Ibidtm. -. KqJ<1.""IICI''''' pr30.'IOWUl VTBl'J»!I..I>......... 'ial'TIIMC 6'L'1011, Mona IIMb IjXJP' \ly.I)'.lIe""lJrn,on,... JI"'iI!l¥IIXHUT"PlIDe.aelIUOIi TaI(.KlJ1X'_el<1,E.,1'l.J'iblTd)'Ttit'pJK- ,'1.Ma 1IQ1j06,,,,, c.'LOII C."'-'<)'IUI1III>'" C._OGa.'I1I .soi. lint ClJrne ,I 's! desire. CM A Con'lJlelfJournal oflheNo[es. SfJt'eches;tnd Dehal:es..hothoflhe I Ioyseof Lords;tnd HouseufC_lh:.oog!lUliIlhe\\huleRe.gnufQnt't'n Eh",beth..P 32& I Bnepeon"'(0(1"IV'(KoroJl.l1K.l "1'(J{"'IOfIOCtI'Jt'T;qleo.l1IaaeT6yK- oa."bllU: .Kopu"'"UIIJtllJnIL_ 1IU9 'JroIlI')f:rnaRa.'oca."OIlap..'aII'CHTap'IU,Hamolcllelu'<L'hHO o6pauwJ I!UIlMatllle nap.liI\( IlTa MIpOQb K.1P.' IIII'll 3aKpl>11I11 ero C€ITllll:.06e 1Ia.,aTh' BO "PC" .."'pafxrrKII m-.i IJCT'IQIIU """IL'"", "TO o'm IIIIICOI'" 06pa.-.o" HC X(1)ITBTOpranCB06!facTbMoeiil1pe[>OraTllIIl>.roBOp.'lro}'HIIXHeTlllltI1/Ilf'J)eHIUI, IUI BJ"ICTII oalIOCOTb di YIIll'p6. ThRmvy .I!P-'>KJIO 6"'Tb "p'L1lIa,IO, 'iTO" "" 1!3IJa."I cor'aC'UlHa'iTO-"I,IfioHnnO(',HO"lml",II()'lI"AI.1'10JTCTaph[Coo.nHOCT""OIlXII0JlaH IIblX> (.'lanpooa.W B. M. C60plUlKlI<JJ<Y'IQnun ou IICTOp'm3Jlnmu..uu6vp.o<y......oii prn(>J]m'uUlXVII ncr<a_C 112) 
Lalla TJX.'ThH npepOI"dTIIBbi KDpO'ICOCI<OH &"Ial"T1I n AID."Iml 85 IIb]e inabl, no 1iJl"ID1LJi}', KOTOpO'I)' lIeyKOClUrreJlb!1O CJIell()IJiI.JIM rorM B AHI:1U1M, YTBCJ»1'.\3..IHCb Em BcJ[Ii'JCCTBOM B KOHlIC ccccm! naJLa- MI5!Ta l Cr.rryc 3<1KO!la TIeTHlIn.ll 0 nJXIDc 1628 1"011H nOJJ}"(H!Ja .1Hllib TpHIIMuan -'leT cnycur 7 aBr}'CUI 1641 1"O",a. B npHllm"mf B 3TOT lIeHI> 4AKTe, O1fNl1L1HlOllit?1 He.-li\KUHHb!MH H Ht:lJ.{'lkTIJItTe,lI>HbIMI1 He- ElDlUle {.Ylle6Hb[e nonGiHOIL1ellllJl OTHonrrt'.lb[1U KUp;U'IbHblX .l!eHer Ii OCcnO.'lC3IU,[MH BCC :>amiCI! H np(J'[oKO!((,[, OTlIOCHI1I.I[CC.ll K HIIM& I"OBOJ:)IUOI.h. '" .JJ.aJ[Cc 06bmLUL rcJJ 11 ycrnHaH.![HBaCTOI Ha OCHOBaHUH )'K33aIIltOH pallet' 1JJiOCT\I, 'JTO Dce M Ka)!(JIa.H 'JaCTIIOCTI[, KOIOpbIX npo- CHT II }((e,laIOT B YR33alUlOr[ TIeTI[IIIIII 0 nJXIBe, '&O..'Dl<lIb[ C HllCTllORU¥IO epe'fl(liU (:(KlIHe1Cll\I.'HHUl<bIlIIl.JIH}ITbCH 11 rn!.[\III1 H lTpnnl IIOjljll'f!JKII- BiiTbOI U COO.![IOJIitI1>(J1$>1 (KypCl1B ,,!uf[ - B. 7:) B I1CTOpll'JCCKOii 1JlnqmypeCYll\eCTB}'1OT pa3..1H<11U,[COl\CIIKH TIl- TlIIIIIH 0 IIpaDC' 1628 l"OJIa. PM 11Cl-:'lTCJlcii IIfIJ[/WCT ci-i TIlliDC 3!1a'ielltle, KOIUpOe IlJ\-leeT Be.'II!K,1.H XapTl!fl Bo_%I1OC"It'H TaK,lI.<IBH.[ 10M mlCaJI D emX' Bpe"lSI: ",MoJK!lO 6e.:J npeyDe1lll'ie[IHH ymep;.KJa1b. 'JTO COI".IIaCIIC KOj)(mJ! I-Ia IICTIIIII1IO 0 IIJXIHC IIpOlI3HC.1O H CHC1l \Ie Iq)aH- .I]I5!'!5IlIl'Pl"'!l'HbJ, IK)'im paBHOC.!.!lbHblC Pl'I\(J.l1K1Illllt. It 'JHIOrpaHl1'iC- liMe B CTO.1L MlIOrl1X nylUcrax !\lOlIapwcii npepornTllBbl COOljaBaJIO 110- no.,uIlITC,lbll(,]C rapaHTIrn JllUi npaB H CBo60)\ nOJll].aHHblX&'. no MlieH111U llPymx HlTOpIiKOH, neTlIlUm 0 npaBe 1628 1U1la ebllp<l'la BeCbMGI CI(poMII)'KJ po.;jb B nu.,lHTI['JemOM paJBlmm Allr.1Ji1lJ XVII BCIGI'. noc.lJC,1,HIDI TOlJKa :'IpCHH.II .IIBJlHCTC51 B HacTO.ll'-l\CC BpcWI I I1Mc,mo TaKO;; nOp>UlOK V11IepJI\.'1CIIItH 3aKII''''l>rrC!]I,'''''X almlB KIIJX>."CBCKOii II"ldlfb" :'1\40'''''''IfJOB>\II II )KypIlLOIX n,II[b( J\<>pilUU .J\IUXJI 0l'aUJIem... Kupo."IeBbi E.O:laBCTbI, 1Ip<''c'm OpaMC'IIIH .."xnll fIKOBa I 0 1qJBLR.'CTl1fI'Io."IC'1DJI Kap..a I 'TheC..""'iIUliuna1 DUl"umenl,oflhe Puri!:al1 Re..uluIlIlO.1625-1660. 1927 P 191 . C.'l. 06 3T0\I Gurlin ,S.R. IIiSiory of Engl"nd fl'Onilhe Ytt',.ioll of lames I to thulltbre1\kuflheC\vd War. 1603-1642 VuL 6. London, 1886. P.310 'lo.lIll.lIurIIJI no_ fl"la("ThlO.IloMa C'I1Oaf'TOO T()ll. C. 167 , T....}'IO Ullt',,,,'y n""Il!II't U op<'tle "'.1\U,"-1 B (.ooe, TpV.Ele _KUIIl"rlITVW'O,maJI IICTOP'!JI AIIHI"". ilHr"InikK.ui UI"TOp"" r raIL'"'' (1777-1859)_ Fro T04K)' peH'UI p1'311e.!1. pyt"('Kllii IU'TOPlIK A II CaU!lH (1873-1923) OT\!  1131llllii B COO11X .eKwmx IIOIlCTOl'lIl!aHr"IIUkKOiipellO.'IO]J"".'ITOIICT'mD!lCTO!l..aoa:iiLu-.oIICTOp''''CCKOii noIIE'.. 'ITO OHa .aa_leKO He 1IOt.f0NB3.1a oceii olba("Tl'. I(OTOP.'II! 6la 'V'Dft'm\I 1I[],;JIIT''''CCKOroCITOp3 """"-'Iy IIp3B'IT"-ObCTBOM OJTap.a"CIlTO". (c." CI1811I1A H llcK'l1DI nooCTOp""aHmii (lCBo"llf....no M,2(KJO_ C. 190)_ lIii OCTOP"K, OpaIWI.1I01I}'cKa.Iluwo6KYKllr.ll>!"I.'fIUIIOCJ1cQlI06JX'mIHKIIJXlIIl...,nl"\"II' qOIl()IIp3Bc_cra.,aC'I1mlTo_(Ta">KC C. 189) 
86 IOpltilllO-MlcacIIl'Kn. a'..-..IIICKOII fX.'HI'-"K"lm. 1640-1660 fllAon rocno.:OCTDYlOlUeH D "JPynax no IlC'IOpIm NlrJlIlIJ nepBb!X l1f'CHTlUJe'JlIH XVIlOCKa "nCTllIl[1J.! [] npaBC LOC1aRUICT Q!\HY In BCX B KOHCnITY- 1111IIHH()M pa:il<ltTUU AIIIJlI1I1 O,1.HaKU 11t'IIOCpt'i[LTHt'HHQ IIH<I I1Me;Ia MaJl0f'3n1'l'lemlE'''', OTME"meT E. KoBap.!l. Ha Mali B3rnM, Ol!Clilat nplJlUlTIffi I1cnll-\UI1 0 npaBc 1628 roM KaK CUUbfTlLII, 11ME'BllIerU peBlL11O[II!OHHOf' ;ojHa'JE'Hl1e. lIt'CbMa (.UMHII- re,lbH<.I OHa liE' (ocYI1Jt'TC'I'IJeT pt'"d.olbHOMV nUJIQ;t.,ftIlUO ne.. OIDI<1IW BPIl.1\ _qll n)J1'IBlU.('H('IM 6YllCT 11 C.U!UIKO! n)X}'MCH('W1'IT(' nOJlIIl1I'JCC- 1<)'10 II IIp1'lHOBYlO plLlb D,aHHOro '1.0K}'MCHTII II IDJC_llliiLKIIi1 IIcmpUII XVII BeKa. lIe no.,1)"1I1D B 1628 rOll)' cr..nyrn. 3aKOlla, I1E'nnm.ll 0 npane reM lie Mellee Cb[rpa.11'1 onpellc.'IcIDIYKJ JX1.b II npaBOBOM pa3BH- TIIU AHIJII1l1 OH<I CTa.'la '''H<lM!.'HL'''! 60PWhl IIfJliUlH IIfJllI1:,,'i{rl<lI"OCY- napcrllt'HHuti IL'IaCTI1 - aKlUpUM, <}.!oPMI1PYlUlU11M npalJOlOJHaHlJe aJlrJIIIMcKOro06Il1CCTB"'1. Ho 6 yc.'I06lIHJ: 1628 tciIa 3IfLlIlID11elbllO 601WJf'e .J1Ii1IK'fflI(! ihJ/ 1I(J.UrrlU'iH:1Wii iJ(J(J.uo4UU WIL'lUiK1wlo o/5uirf.'moo u.1IE''ltIlie ,""dill! no ,-e6e fluflllll,llR v npalJe. a me Ouuty«wt 8 napWtlell1/ll' AlIl.Quu, KVffIVJJf>lt' 11pf'i}us'l11OO8lLtll eu nplDIJDI118O. B XO,1C 9THX 1\11CKYCCllii ()l"ljCTJII-!BO ofiHapYAltnl1n. TaKI1e c.rla6ncIIIKlpU,1.U'JL,{"KlIf; llolin-pYKlllIIl <lHI-..U!U- CKOro rocynapcTBelllloro CTpoH, KIJTO(JblE' Mor..']ll II l¥Ll(,IIE'11IIIeN BeCTil }]lllllb K o60cTJX'IIHlo no,lHTH'JCCKIfX KOIIlHKTOB \K'>KJ\.V KOPOjt(.BCKOW 1L1<I(TI>IO 1111i1p.,1aJ,-leHTdpm-lMI1. CTd.'IO O'-lelllLll1I>1M, 'JTO ro..+.Hel1UUtlj 11;:1 lIt'C}'lUHX <l..l!eIITOlJ YhiUalDlOt'[ KOIICTp}'KlllIII Op.!lHllilp!lil.ll npepo- raTHBa Kopo.'ICBl'KOii B.'IOCTII. OCHOBaHHa5I Ha common law H cmryrax AHr_QI1ikKOI'O KOpo.1CBCTBa, CTam IIpCBIXI[qaTbCR 113 cpr tema. nOiVlcp- )l(,1111!.11 paBlIOBe('}!.II "Ie>K.1y KOpo;'JeM II napo.'laME'UTOM, coxpallelll.!.II KO).\- npmmcca \II'>KJy 06IJl('CIDCiUI(,IMH rpynnllpoBKa.\III, CTOHBWIIMH 33 ;rr1l"!I'1 HKYil.;;JXTlieHHh]"II1I1H(TllrYTdI\-ll1, H IIHCTPY"Iet1T Yl.l1JleHJ1}] I((J- pO'JeD(Kuti D.W,II;oj;; C'-IeT IIOJ[Ho).j()'Jllill1i1p;'JilMt'HTd. 'UmYlrd B. ThStuart  AHlstoryofEnglamJ.I603-t714 LondonandNe\\ York,19IIO_P 140 
fJIABA qETBEPTAR 3AKOHOATEflbCTBO «OflrOrO IIAP flAMEHT A» 1641 rOA: OrPAHI1QEHI1E KOPOflEBCKOti BflACTI1 I1 B03Hl1KHOBEHl1E BOEBflACTI15I B )((J.j3HM 'leJIOBC'ICCTBa 6I>L'JO 1>1l-lOm no,umNCeKllX Bomot!ii, HO IIO-HaCT05lUICMY BC.1I1KUMH 110 CBOCM)' B03,1dicTlJlllO HGI 06Jl!CITBa, B KDTOPU:" 0111I np:mCII.ruI. II no B.;m.llJIIUO lIa "!Hp:mYKJ IK:IDplIlO !>!())((JIO IIa3BaTb .QUWb 1J)l1 m III[X: anrJIIdicK)'JO 1640-1660 no., I}JpaH- UYOCK}'IO 1789-1794rr. II py<X'KYIO 1917-1922rr. KmK.aIDI li3 aTl-IX peBO,lI0uHUIIMeJIaTo.ll>Koei1: npltc}'uUle oco6ellllocnl, nporeR3Jffi mo- WM cncum})[II)CCKMM nyrcM H 3aoc'(JllJa.o13CL COB('C),[ IIC Tal(, KaK. Ho H3'J3JlO y BCC'X BC.I-IKHX pl'BOqlOl!!lii npo'«J.J,lL10 nOOJl}[OMY II TOM}' )((e cueuapHlo: nepBbll>! liX aKTOM 6bL10 e ucmopwI£c- K1l CiO.JIfI.I6UIl>Slf\OJ/C1TIfJ!IKUIJU eepx-otmoillOf:YOOpa71fJelllIOU 6.'/llCTllU. B AHr.'llll1 1-1 <Dpa[il!HH lK'nocIIIIOii npWUlllort pCBO.'lIOL![IOJnJoii b(CTaJI KO[(lHKT "te>Nly ROPQ!Ie\l II nap.qa.'!eIITapll.llMH: ee npout'Cc 6WJ1 3anymen C03UBON nap.QilMellTii. B Pocnm C3MOJE3PY- IllClUtC TIXI,'\!I'-!UOIIIIOii ocpxoBlloii roC}';I.<IpCTEI('lUlOrt B.,'j3CTlI1I3'Ia.'JOCl> C rocynapcTBelllloro nepeoopOTGI, OpraJllDOIQUDOro MaCOIICTDOn.1BWU- Mil renepa.!I!I\l1I Ii rocylIapcTBeJIIlblMH lIeHTC.l.\IMH C l\e.1LIO OTCTpalle- HlliIl\apH HI1KOmJ51 II OT B1JOCTII. BoccT<unlH ilapoilllb[X Macc, CTllXllflilb[e lIapomlb]e .l!BI[lKeJllUllIr. p<"LH OrpoMUYIO po,ll> B pa3BnTIlII KaJKilOH 1[3 Be'lIlKIIX IX1IO.'lloL\nfl, 110 pa:3BOpaliIlBa,nCI> OHn mmu, noc"'Jc Kpaxa 1ICpX00HOii rocYAaPCTBCII- 110ft B.'klCTM: nx lIe.%3.11 n(Uf{)M)' ClIl1TIlTb nplJlIlUlOf[ 3111'0,; pellO.IOUllii. 
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r''lalla''17'''-'j1Ta>I_&X'"JlK'IOBCIIIIC'UDL8'1011:T1m 99 ynocTOBepl!T ne'-1itrhlo. IIJ.'l<ICT H nOllUleT OT.:re.bllbIe 11 COOfD("'fC1'B)[o- IItHC UPHKa:Jh[ K O"f/lC.:tbHbJM It COOIHl'TCIHYlOlltI1M 113p8M :nom Kopo- J]eHlTI<a, IIPl.'/[UI1(:h]l<aKmp1e IQ\)I\.lONy rat\()f,ty II IIpn(1H1b .'lI1</HO B napna."ellT, npIlCi)'rlll'oJUtllll K pa6are B I3ecr\IllIIcTepe DO BTopoi[ no- IICJI,C.:t(,III[](, KOTOpI>[ij uaC1)'[]}[T B lIo.ll6pe, c.'ICJIYIOllleM noc.,c }'K33lli1- HOIl.I to 1111.11 (.eHTR6p.ll, 'iroUb! paCCMaTpl1B<ITb C .:1fC)f"() BpeMeHl! I! B ilTOM ,,!eCTe BaJKHb]e H HeOTJlO1KHble .:re'la, tC:;JGllOlliIltUJ Em Be,mI'Je- CTBa, COC"ItmllllH 11 aal1ll1Tb] KOIX)'lNlCTBa I[ UepKBl1 Allr.'lII11, II nyCT(' OHI1 TlliOKe y.lCCII)IJCf»IT IIC'1i\ThlO II lJ.iJIIWYT 11 1I01II;nOT OTltellbHb[C II COOTIJe"It"TBylOlliI[e npl1K.lJb] OT.l!e.%!lb]"1 II COOTDt"'f('TB}'IOIIUIN IIIepu- 4'<1"1 OTile.bllb[X H CO(J'fIJe'fClUyxJIl[IIX rpa4>cTB, ropoliOB II \It'CTt'<1l'K AHIJIIII1 11 Y:-CJbCa, 11 KUH(Ta6;IKI :-IaMKa .llYHP, JIOP/I..Y-I)'6ePH<fIlIpY n.llH[ lIupTUB I IIJ[I! em 3aJ1-1ecH[Te;JIO.l!U nOpb[ DO BpeMeHI1, H "!<Jpy II 6aiL1114KPaM EcpBIlKa-lia-TBllitC II 1(0 oceM It KaJKiI[']M .lJpymM no.mK- HOCTH(,["I .'lI1l{aM 11 .'lI1'-!3M, K Wffi)P[,I"[ npl1Ka3!.1 OO(,!KlIOBCHHO lIanpaB- JmlOTC.II, 'iroUb] 6b[JlH I!36paHb] pbIuapH, mpIDMue, (japollbI 11 ;t.J1Tt'.111 Mecre'-1eK OT H DIIH YKa3aIiUbIX rpa4>cTB, ropO.!lOB, IDrn! nOpTOB II MC('- TC'1CK AIU:.'UlII II Y:)}[bCa COIJTlJC1CTBCHHO, H oOb[KHOHCHHOII ifJOpMC, },-'IH '111111, </"lUfibJ 011]1 HIJI1;IH(b 11 (:"lYIKH,UII< nap;J<;MCHTl.', IIpHcrYllalO- IDeM K CBOeil pa60re B ymGIllilb]l[ BTopoi[ nOIle)leJl('IIHK. KOTOp(,lli lIaCT}'I1IJT B BhIUJCyIGLJaIIIIOM ucmpc .." na:.ee BO fJ1TIO{XJii C1a11>(' IUllllpyeMum ilK1"a mHupILUCb U TOM, 'iTO .10Pll-KaJlU,lep, >10pkxpilllllTeI[b nC'JiITH IL'[H cneUl1ili[bHO Y]]O.Ho- MOljCHllb[C JlI1L1a, lJa BpCM.IIl1X 3iI.\1C1l{alOlllIlC, ;!.I)'DM1b] npl1HCCTH J(.iUlT- BY, H IIpl1HQllIVIC}l TCKCT }laHHOH Kr[}[Tl<hl. nocc :)'["01'0 1W-ji\IUHlJa- JmCh CilUKIUJH, KOTOp('[)'1 011I1 nOllDepra.mCb, CCJlI! Ill.' Dbmo,lll.IL111 OOsI3are'lbCTB, npelUlHCaJllibIX I\[ POCCMRipUBaeMb]M aKfOM H B3.11TbIX HMH l1a CroB yxa::laHHOn KrlHT80n. Ilepe411C..rll'HHhlt' JII1Ua, oWt.-li\HHble CWB<lTb nap,laMeHT, aDT(nIilH['il'(.KI1 111UJa,I1("b (.BU[IX Du.,"IIKHOCrel[ B TOM c.'lY'l'te, CC_H HI.' npCl\]]plIilIlM<LI1lJ..,'l\I 3TOm Co.1hIBa COOll'K'TCTIIY- IOWI1X MCj), H BlIi\.%HciimCM 1lIJ,;l.'ICma'i11 OTBCTCTBCHIIOCT!1 ncpcn nap- JJa.\lel:lTCKIJM cynOM. rnQJ.IIJlTbIOIIOpTIl"I!IIMeeTCIJ"II!l.y"pVlllmllt4Jfi>til->RlopoAOIIlOro-OOCT04- Horn nl&pcA<hH AllrJnl1l, nIi,aJj3Bn,,,,, np'mll:lCrIIBMJI_ II!fCC BXOIII'-.11 nilJi1"oI'''' m. po.;l.1 lIyBp (Dnwr). XacTllHIT (Hastings) XIIC (lIyth). PO_\llIeii (Rr>l\lIIey). Cn-J.aB1I4 (Sandw,ch) 'IInActforthepn""(rolH\l:nfincrmvenicnreslli\frJ> oll\l:hyt11c Ioremtcrmi..,lOo of Parliaments II The ConstltutlOnal Documents d tJ.., Pllntan Rc,....lIuon. 11325- Iti60_P 144-146 
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r"laIlaQCTBI.'J'Ta>I_&XIIIIIKIIOBCIl1IC'UlDl.II'loICTIm 101 )l(UTe.rlt'H MU 1t"J(;'t;, 'JllIIhl OHU I1:J6pa.'1I1 B I1ap..taI>I€I1T TaKl1X JII1I1, I\aKOIJhIe OOh[KHOBeHHO 11;MIf.atOTOlUoc.rre 11::J1l3HI!fI npl1Ka3UBO BUfO- De D nap-'laMeHT, .J<lDepeHliblX 6o.blIIoii ne'laTblO Anr.Ql1ll. Ec.QIl )l(e 1I«''PI1I]lhl 1111pyniC :l.().,I}I(HIICTHble J11111a, II(UC4CHHhlC IIlL'IHIIMII'1I1J.IMII IIpUI!U.LlO1> Bh)6111>hl, He C 1J"JalOT "'Toro/LO to 'Ja("1I1< yrpa, TO 1!lpI1HUb- HepaM K.DKllOIV rv<1<!x-TB<I H .apymM J11!uaM, HMt'IOUlUM 1"0110<:<1 Ha Td- KflX BblOllpax, C;JCil0'l'T ClI6paThCfI B YKa;'I(IJ-1HblX .iJ[aHlUlX 11 Mt'CTi\X..6c3 1\dt\OI)-JlIt6l1 'lbHt'i1111t'm IIpt'illml<IH!5I U UHlTIJyl\ll11ll (1 UplllJl.'CHI Dh1UUPb] ToIKUlV p!>lIli1p.11 11J111 pblllilPeli, ropwt<.alillHa H;/I1 rUp0iK<Ili, )I(IITC.'[)! 1!.'[11 MUIC lCii MCCIl-'JCK I! H 1at>'Oii MaHCpC, KaK 3TO 06b1KH0- l<eHHIl 6blHat'T I< c.IYQac nJ.i[aHI1}IIIpuKa::Ja II HhJ:-\lIHt' H lIap.rl<lMt'HT.1. B II1U11fJiinane IIpl'JI.\'O[<ll"pHBa![()(.b llODTC1pt'tiHe IIP{lIlf'll)1Jh! D!>I- 6opOH Ii na,lary OOIlIIlH, IIlIItCaHHoi1 H ni\nc lIClI<Cp1oii. Ii TOM CJ/y- 'J, K!IU <:11"11 HhlGOjJhl Ht' IIfKllIO;1.UJII1Ch 24 IIHH<lpJl. HOHble Bh{KlJlbl .lU'UI<.HI>[ UbL11! Ilpo[hH Ii CpOK 110 1I()(.!1!;';1.Ht'nJ 1mJl <!JeBpa.'1J1 Mt'CJUl<\, c.J!C I..VIO[IICro 101 YKa3aHH(,[M ",-"OIIICM RHHaj>CM. Ktx TO!o.. H /l3.HHOii CT<lTbC I1IlJ<lp,unCb: "Tl"'t p!..1tlapJlM, nlJln:>KaHaM, 6apoll<lM II >KIIICqilM MKTt"Jt'K, KenUphlt' ToIKIIM o/Jpa3ow OKa:3l>IRaKlTCJI U;IDpaIJHh]MI1, c."Ie- aYCT mmBUTbC5I .. npIlC1)'nUT!.. K paGo-rc Ii nap-'la\[CHTC B YKaJaHHOC Bh]lII(' HpeMI! U I< Ha.JHa'J('IIHO"t MCCT!.', 11 llyn" lQ\)t.;.lhIl111:-I HIIX IIOJlHl'P- I'H!;'Tl"1! ToIKUM KaI)<111-I 11 HilK.t:1<I1I11}IM .1<1 U\OIO HeHB!\}' H I1ap;Ii\M!;'HT 11 HC}"13Cl11C B em p1'£>O"!'C. KaK cc.,lI! 6!..[ OH lUll! OHI[ 11:i'Jllpa![IICb I! nh!JIH II36paHb1 H Ulqy IIPHKa">a 301 OO)lbl\lOfi IICQaTblO AHIJlIm, 11 IIYCTb OHl[ 1lII.i[06l1blM )I(t' 06pa;;!)M UO'l,ql'>KaT TaKUM 11,iJ.,1hHt'UIIIIU! Kapal U HoIKiI- :>aHIIH"!, K KOTfipl>l\f 6yJIYT IIpnroBOrJCHbi OCTIL1(,lIb["[1I pbll{ap5lMI!, ro- pooKaHa\f1l II )KHTCJUlMl[ MI;'lh:, coopalllllllMI1CJ[ H I1a.'Ja1C OOlIJ.ltH Ifup.rI<lMt'HT<I!>Z. IllcpllltJa H llpyrll.\f llo.)KHOCTllbl.\! JIllllaM, Ol1lC'TCTBl'IIU('["f 3a liI>1UUP('[ Ha \tCC1'a". IIjJC,UII!Cb1Hi\.IOCb aHHy.mpOl<an u:-\6jJaHIlC H na- J]<I"I)' 1IIIlI1.11H YIIOMJlHYTblX iI!;'lIyrdTOH 11 1tput\Cl111IIIIH"llIJlHbIC Bh{)Ilp!..1 ECJII!)j{(' Ha3BaHHb[C Jlllua H(' llc.mlJlI1 ;noro, TO aHHY.lIlpOl<aHI1C 1[3Opa- HI1I1 JlCU:yI"aTOB, HC IIpIiCrylll1H!IIItX K p1'£>OTC Ii napla\ICliTC, II HCC IIIICJIC;'I.}'Kmll'\.' lIj"JCilllll(.blll,U()(:h IICYIlll'CTHllTb Hl'CK(LlhKIIM U:-\OpaHHbIM .0:.,111 aTOro 4>P!lro.WlcpaM 11 npYI"IIM JIHuaM. npl1 aTOM Bh!60Pb] TaKlIX JI(1L! II aHHY.QI1poBaHI!C u1fi)JaHlliI YKa1aHHblxllcnYTaTOBJIO.1>KHb[ nh!JIH IIjJIIU:-iHlI.i[I1Th\:f] I< IIOPH1[KC, IIfIC'tVCM(ITj)CHHOM .JaKOHOM; o(;!IKlllblC Up0- r The Cono.titut;onal Document' of the Pu.,rao Revolution 1625-1660. P 149- 150. 'Ih,d_p 150-151 
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114 IOpltillllCU.l'cacIIl'K"n.a'"-IIIICK<>" fX.'HI'-"K"1III1 16401660n>J\on Cnfb.llWl II nOC.e1UrnJl CTCITb.ll 06D.II1L1.\VIa, 'fTO lliIUllb[l! A1<T He 6Y/lCT paClljJOCTpaH5ITb(:}[ H3. KaW!l. ..'moo c60phl C TIiiaK:a J[IDfJbl"{ cop- TIll<, I<bIfJijllll.'HHOI1l HCI aHC,lml(.KI1X 1I.'laHTaIIUJ]X, 110 'JTlI .;Ilor -ra6aK 6YlleT o6.'1arJt1>CJI ]JljUlL [J.aTOii B 2 nellca C I}JY[ITa II lie 6a.lff TOro. TaKUM o6pa3o\l, 311r.udkKHii napnaII""TOKOII<IaTCJI(,IIO 6paJI nOJ! l.oofi KUHlpO.'[b BaJKllb[11 [('TO'JH[K 1l0KU.'l01i F.npO.oleIJt"KUI! Ka:3Hb[, Ka- I(OBb!M JlB.r[j1JII!Cb nOTOHHb[11 [ nUl}JYHlUBb[11 c60Pb[ Ecu[ npe)Klle, no c.,o)f(HBwdicR npaKT!IKC, Cy6cI-L1.IIH B IC yK3.1<\I1H('!X C6opo.B npc- lII(:T3H.m,lac(, KroKJlmty KOPO!IIO B H3.'J331C era npalJ.,'iCHHIl. H Ha HCCb nepliOll nOCJIellllero, TO renepb olla npe.!lOCTaILUI.'lacb lIa onpelle.1eH- IIL!M CpOK no YCM01peIlHiO nap;oJ3.\[e]ITa. 5. AKT 06 ynpa3.IIHeHHH 3Be3;I.HOH naJIaThl OT 5 HIO.!IH 1641 ro,1l.a Cepl£3l1we 113\1CII{'IIWI B CIICTCMY rocYllapcTB('lIlIoii BJIaCTlJ Bllu' U[. .AKT o6IllllOpniJo'lf.lIuu/ Ta[HlQI(J UxvTl/Q U 06 lf1lpa,Ji),wl/uu G..IJ- Va, 06w..IW8f'IIIW 1l(lJblWP.1JOlO 3ae:iJllOu//a.'/Q1tlOlii>'. OH 6b!.'[ npl1HHT fIa'lmOii 06Il!HH B TpCT[,('M, OKOH'JaTC.'II>JlOM 'JTCHHH CIl!C 8 HlOIUI 164110J132. HaC'lC1,.\'IOIIIHii JI{,HblJ,>K. fCilljl{,H 1ICjX'}{a.![ era B Ila;faTY JIOp.1l0B. JIoPllb] O.106p[L'JlIlliIllllbll <Ita, 110 BlleCiH pm! nonpaBoK H OroOOpoK B ero TeKCT. 3 }[]o,l.ll 3HI IXJnpaDKII H OI"OBOpKH 6['LH pac- l.MOTf)eHbI 11 ym€f»I<JJ.eHhl na.ldTOii ofilIll1H S Ultl.'l}l KOpo.'lb KaPJl I ill!.![ l.!JOe cor'lilCl1e Ha tflje,leH[e YK<UaHliUllJ alCfa IJ ilefkrBI1e CnCl\lta%IIOC CV.n:c6I1OC OTl{c.,C!II1C Taiiuoro coocrn. n01l\"IHB' IllCC HalBaJiIIC 3BC3JI;,oii nallaTb[, 6bL'J0 Ot})[!I{[Ia.1('HO y<JCHO CT3- Tj'Tm'l, npUIIHTb[M D TpeTHM 1"0.1 npaIL1et![H fenpl1xa VII (D 1488 r.)4. f.'1<JBlloe II<13U<l'feIiHe lI.auuoro cyna 3aKll1O'J3.10Ch D IJtXCT<JIlOB.e[UlH I An Act for [the Regulating! the Pri,'j",Councell.md formking ""' the Court u..........!" calle<.! the Star CllllliM- Th S[allII.". &vised ",hlloo. Londun, 1870. v,,\. I. r:716-720. , B >KJ.pII<L',e Mle.lllDla na.1 nhlOOIWIJI, ClJ<"TuaIillltlOlA B !lIDm] 1641 r., "",,>lla- "0, 'ITO 1\"..",. .'lCH ofic).""'lUCR II 6hl' IIP"""T 1\ Tpc1"bC" 'ITCHIIII An Act for the RegulatingtheCI)lIIILt!-{ableandtakingawaytheCourtlOllUAlf1I_vcallrolheStar- Chamhcr.(Thc.lournals"fthcHousc"fCOIIWmIIS V"I 2_P 171) 'Ct.:£hid P.1!J7 . 06 ,..,.m, mB!lpllTCa B TCKCTCCa\lOm paCC.!aTpJlDaCMOma"",_ O.i\lIaKoIJ!aK.m. 'IeeKH cynwHoc 0T.'lc.'1Ie Taii"om CORCTa, TI"-"Y"'mlllee ",,11M lIIIBaHI'e 3Be:<'IJ-{OI; la"laThl,IIIJ.J'"]I{.'OIl",,,,umpa"J.wc.3ruKO'IIT.nIIJXI!d..BQllIIOMI3CBOIlXpeWCJlJln CY.'lKOI"'-,cnCKOHC"".'LI! 
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116 IOpltillllCU.llcacIIl'Kn. a'"-IIIICK<>" fX.'HI'-"K"1III1 16401660 fllA"R Ke lIeBbUlOn[Mb]M 6pe.lelieM lL'UI nO.!lamlb[X [  11.'1\1 BBe- i1.Cl-llm UpOlt31!O.![bHOli IUacl1l (I ynpaIJ.,'JCHlffi!>, 'JTO OH -«1I))HCBOlt.![ CC. (Jl' I10JlHOM0411e l<"It'IIII1Ha"fhC}J I< .-p<vK.1<\HCKUt' J[e,la 11 IIpc {Ul'Tbl UIlI- pa "tf?KJly CTopomnm, 3aTparHBalOlilHe IICK'JlO'lIlTe!ILIiO 'Ji\CTIIL[H ItIITCpec, It oo.IC,lILDI orpaUlI'lIlBan IIIIt)'lI{CCTBCIIII(,1C npaoa [ CBO- 6011bl II01lJ\aHHblX B npoTI1Bopt'41111 (. npaliOM crpaHbl 11 IlpaIJiI\ll! II np[BlL'[en["![ n01l,.'lil1Illb[X, OT 'feI"O Boollill0m I\: CJlY'UI.'JllCb orpo,,!- II(,!C H pa.1HOoOpa.ll1('!C 6C)\(,! H HC'yOOCTBa!>'. B lIC;I.llX npC,'\OTBpamc' 111m 1I0,'t06111111 IIpaKTIIKII AkroN OT 5 HIO.!!}[ 1641 l'QIla YllID-IaH.lul<a- !IOCb, 'ITO "YKaJallllb]ii cYll, 06b1KuoBeIlUo lIaJbJBaeMb]ii 3Be31U10H Ila.;laTOr H Bce cYlle611(,le nOJIIIO"IO'IWI H WlaCTh, npHIHI..1L1e)Kall\(te :-rrOMY cy IY u;m IKYIlll'CHI!IJ.ll"'lhIC B "HIM )II:\;' (.yilt' l1;m !\aIt;J1I>II1-JIU()(} o!!mW!anbHb[I>UI cynb>lMl1 W[[ MI!m[crpaMI! fOro, 6yVT C lIepIKXO llH aBl)'CTa ollila TI>ICH<la IIJl'CTLCOT COpoK ncpBoro rona UaIllero focnona Bora lIC.1I1KOM H no.1:IIOCTI>IO a.lIllY.1I1pooaH(' ynp&l.!1I1CHb] [ npcKJ)a- lliellbh). PaccMaTpHoaeMb[J:'! aKT OTMelL\VI 'fpe3IJb1'-Jaiillb[e CY!le6l1b[e nOJl- HII.\!04Im, IIPHCYII(J1C He TO.11>KO 31JC3j\HoH 1I&IaTC, HO It lipymM mcy- l1.<lfXTIit'HHhIM IJfll<lHaM, a UMCHHII. CYJIY IIf!t':il1j[eHTa 11 (:lIl<eTa Y<I.'lhCa, Cyny npe31L'1ellTa II COBeTa CeIJepULIX paHOIIOB, «cyny, 06b1K1IOBeIlIlO Ha3Ufla:'\fOM)' the Court of the Dutchy of Lanc'lStet' It CYny KaJlla- 'ft'I[lTI1a 3 . AK-m\llliUl ynpa:lilllelll!.II 3Be:VlHol1 n,L"I,ITb] 6b1.o 06bB.eHO [ YCTaJ-JOB.'Il'llO, 'JTO "IIH KOp0.1(" IIH cro TaHHb[J:'! COBCT HC ""'CIOT It HC /lo.'I)/(HL[ HMCTh KaKHX-JIU60 CY/lrollb[X lIo.:1I-1I1MINlifi H B.![acTI1 . pac- CTlJin"PIIBaTb IL1I 6paTb 11<1 ce6.11 pelllelille BonpocOB 0 pacnopmtlf1lHH 3eMMl"!1I, J1f1DIGiIIlIHMH, yuac..-l('l¥JB3IIU(,IM l1MYU1t'CTBOM, TOnarru"tU1L11t JI.HI1)1\HMbl"!II<t'l11<II>1II (toexammt' Ilf clrawt' Into<JUl'stlon clett'Tmmeor (hspQifOofthe J,mcls trneJnt'nts hffe<:htamt'nC; goods uHhattels)I KOru- !III-OO H3 tIOM<\[III(,1X ;noro KOp0.1CBCTBa, 110 'JTO aTH BOnpOCL[ 1I0Jl)[([[b! poccMal]">lmaTbCH H PCWaTbCSI B OO(,!KIIOBCIIIIL[X cynax 1Ip<1BOC}'n[LI! It nocpeocTDO\I 06b[KHoBeHHoH 3<1001111011 npouellYPbll>5. 'ta!lltc:s:Re\'lScdald:'on_Votl P711 'Ihidem. -'lb,d_P118. I Ta R np'..,.HaU,HOM TI'CTI',ollylbnKllRaHHO" B lIaJI3H'IH The Stature<; Re\'ised rdltiOR V,,1.I.P.118 'Ib,dcm 
r"laIlaQCTBI.'J'Ta>I_&X'"IIKIIOBCIl1IC'UII>\.II'loICnm 117 6. AKr 0 JlI1If,.18t\HH BbicoKOii ...OMIICCIIJI "PH TaiiHOM COBeTe OT 5 mOJUl1641 roJl:a B OlUiII nellb C cAKRX\106 LyrK!J»l1lO'lelilfil! Taf[lIoro COIJeTR [06 yrrpa3,'\IICIIHH Cyna. 06[,[KIIOBCHHo lIaJ(,]BacMOro 3BC3l\lIoil I1aaToii.., TO ecrb l<IfVI>.e;) mo.r[ 1641 r011<l, 6b[.1I1pmuIT e-.4hmo6 t1rII.llt'1tf' '/(l(71U/ Cmamyma £U3aeembi llepoou ' , Kaca,OUV?UCJI f(WIUU:UU no lJePKOOllbLII ik... 3TUM AKTOM Yllpa.1.iIHR.'IaCb BblcoKaSl KOMIICCUJI upu TatiHoM co. DeTe cYile611b1il oprall no UepKODllb]"[ ne,laM, cro.:G1l1l1b[H fellpn- XOM VIII B 1538 ro)1y, 3<1TeM .HKBlI)1IIpOBaJlllb[il KopcmeBOH J\.1apIlCH H ROC(T'dHU....rleHHhlfr EIU3aIlt'TUfr I R nt'j)lIbIli )l(e I"O)[ ee IIpaR.il('Hrl5l, B 1558 1"01Ij' Ila.aard 061lU!H ('me B 1610 nMY D cooeti lIeTjWH[. OO1l<\H- lIoil lillpamo }[KOBY I. 1Ip1l3U3Ba'Ja CT3T)'T KOpoJJCBbI EJllf.JaBCTLI 0 C03J¥IHHH BbICQI-,1)jj KOMHCCI1H yrpan!BWUM CoolO uC.ccoo(JPa3HOCTb H nO.l!sepralUlUl'IOi OIJClClibIM paclIlHpellHlIM, II CDJl311 (" 'ieM IIpoclLla comanrn II pmpernelllffi Ern Be;onl'lecTDa lIa IIcnpaDJIem[e <rroro3arro- Ho,l<IlC-lbHOr{) aK"ra 11 «lIpmJC,{(.HIIC l"'O rl IIpal< Ha;-IHClHHoii KOII1CCHH K pa.;cYMHhl"! U Ilt"I('(()I{lpa.;cHhlM rpaHrlllaMi> IfuP..rla.\t('HTapl1rl Yllpa.;IJ[- Ufl.11 BwcoK}'1O Ko"mcCHIO AKTOM OT 5 1110,,'1111641 ro11<l lIa TOM OCIIO- Ballllll. <JTQ B .1CH'fC.!l(,IIOCTH CC lI"fC-'JU "!CCTO 3KCl\CCC(,] IIfJOII3DOI1a. Ipy60ro HapvweH[H CVIlIft"TDVIOlJlIOIU IIpaIlO[lUpJl,'lKa 7. AKT 06 OTMeHe I\Opa6e.rn.HblX COOpOB OT 7 aJUYCTa 1641 roJl:a HeMaJ)()BIDKUoe 3113'Ielll1e B pe4Jop"le rocynapcmelluorn C1pOH AHr.'Jlfil ""':''1 IIpIllI5lTl>!ii 73BrYCTa 1641 roM .'b:m. o I/t'JIlMJ/I/IUI/U U l1edeiinfKJUTllt' 1I.>IlbLl/U ,If'iJaellue cyiJe611we T/OfTlUIllOd'ie- , n""",C>! " "011\.1' ''P'IIIHb,ii " 1558 r. An Ac[ ft",1''';n,g lu the Cro,,-n Ihe anc]cntJlIr''''lCt]onovrthcstateccclC<li\StlCalland'f....]t1]a'lan<laholl_,h]J1al11rn power I'epugnant [0 [hesame (..Atcr. ooct"'T,um....IllIi;uOIIlllii aa 1\0puHuii !J.jJeBlllUlO "'PIlc."KlllIIOnOQepI<ORllo")l1I3R''''II({)1]0T''CIIR({)I1ll1iiDCJOI]IIOCTpall' H)l1O B..1acTb. lie cotN!'IlIlIYIO (" "1"IIM.). B llffi'pa1)'J'<'''TOTaKl oI'i"IIO 1I\teH}f'1nI AtcrO.\I° Bl'pWf!l'IICT"e(ActofSllpcrmacy) , An Act for repeal of a hranch of a Statllt pr'rn" FJI>'.aheth COJ;rermr,g OJmrmsslOlI= for canst'S fuksldst,call II The Staure; Ru....oo 0:"[1011. Vol 1 P720-7.l1 
118 IOpltillllCU.l'cacIIl'K"n.a'"-IIIICK<>"PC"''-"K''IIIIII640-1660n>J\on 1IWI,  l<U{Jll6e'lbllbiX DeIIel, 11 army.:/Ufl!f1OUVI1i oce 3anucu u 11pOTI1OKfJtlJt,Dm1lOOllJJ,UROlK1I11JUf>. 011 COlTlIJ.I;J I<cem 11.1 ilH}'xcrardi. B 1IFfJlJOiI U3 HI1X nplll<o.JII1.'l11Cb nplI'mllb no KOTOPbi"f «Kopa6enbll('Ie n;e[!(,n!& [ Bce CYile6l1ble pewe- IIH5I, KaCaIJJlIIIl'C5II1X, 06'b51IL'J5I..'IlIc(' UC3aKOllllbIMlt B3aK'J10'IC!lIIC i1<IlI- HOI1 CTdTbl1 IIPOB03rJJaWi\J[OCb, 'JTO tJaJ[or, KOTOPb["f 6bL111 OO'IO;t..et1b! anrJII!ijc"lIe nUlI,lliIlIHb]e ( ue,lblO nQ,lY'1e[m cpeD:CTB Ha Cllap>lJKelille KopaoJ[cil, ..o6b1KIIOBCHHO Ha1b[BacM(,!fi Kopa6C.'l('lIbIMIi D:CHbraMI1 (Ship-moncy)!>, 11 MHCHHJI CyltCH. OIlI'laB;!blHalJIIII1X cm coop U ocY)I(- .lli\DlllliX Tex, KI'O OTlGIJbIBaJIC5I1L1aTI[Tb era, 11 npHKa3bI, ua OCIiOlklHlI1I KOTOpLIX 011 C06ltpfL1CH. H1pontBOpe'IH.1U II nponmope'mT II nponmo- CTlIJ.lT ;;<JKOHaM I cral)'TdN .;11010 K(lpo..'ll'HCTlJa, IlpaHY COi'iCflJt'HHlIlTH, u>O&m.e IIU1L'[ilHtib[X, IlpeIKHI1"! pe"Ju.r[IOUl1M napJ[aMeHTd, 11 neTJ1UH[ o TIpaBc, 11.1.lJjUmoii B TpeThCM IUJI,y np3B.;K'1I(fH Era BCJlWJCCTBa. KOTO- Pb[ii npaBltT II B HaCT05Iwce BJX'MI!i" YnolUilaUlle TIeTJlW!(f 0 np<Iae 1628 ro1J.a B AKre 06 OTMelie Kopa6e.'JbI!b]X c60poB 6bL10 lie c,1)"faHllb[M. Bo mnopui craTbe <!Toro i\K'fa OOhHH.,lJ.I..'JOCb II ycram!B.mma.![OCb, 'JTO «IJCC II h:ffiI{.l2J.Il1:'1I1OJlPOO- HIICleii. II KlilUphlX IlpuCJ.lT IllOCllop,lX :ll\e;Ji;1{)T I< yt\4Ji;HHOj:i nCTl11lll11 o TIpaBe, 6yD:eT C <!Toro BpeMe1l1l COO11J{""fCTBe!lIlO BBeilcua B ndicTBlte 11 TBCpilO II CTporo nOllJlCp)l(HBaTI>CSlI1 c06mo1J.aTbC51, 0 lIeM npoCIUOCb II liTO BbIp<\.o'Ka.10Cb B )'Ka3dHliOi1 TIeTHUl1IIh 2 . 8. AKT 0 Kopo.7ieBCKlIX Jlecax OT 7 aBrycTa 1641 ro.IJ:a Ellie OJ\HII aKT, npHlIHTb[jj 7 llin)'CTa 1641 rQilll, HaCaJlCSI TepPHTO' pHil t\OfXIJlelICKIIX J[ecUIl. OH UhI)I Hi:\JUaH -«II/(mW'fiJJ/JI n{Jlli)wuul onpe- Oe'lelltlonnu o.'ier:WI 11 0 qKlIUflJlLl., pa3.llE'pax,l'Ipf'£kwrU mpatfHl/f'lfliJl.X: .'/ff"06" 3a BpCM}[ npao.r[CHlliI Kap.r[i\ I 7LpplITO))HJ.I KO(JC»lCBCKHX JlCCOB cymecTlJelluo paClllHpH;JaCb. 5 15 MapTa 1640 1641 rolla KOpOJib no- py'nL1Ipa XO;'J.lalL'lY 06'b51DHTb lLuare .'KJPilOB. 'ITO ..Era Be.1wle- 'AnActforthededaril18unla,,111Iand,.oidtl1elateproct't'l1ing>touchilJgShip- moncy.""dforthc,.acatuv::()f3nrccord.:andproccsscr....,.,ithcsamcll.fhc COIIStIIutionaIDorument-'<".fthel'uriranRevobuiolt.I625-lfi60P 191 'Ih,dem 'An Act fortherta;T\tvofforCSL,,,,,d of the mcer<, mecL,.llImt'ilnd hounrlsof th ,. j j Th CoI1>tltutinal Documents of the Puntan RevolutIOn. 1625-1660. p 192-195 
r"laIlaQCTBI.'J'Ta>I_&X'"IIKIIOBCIl1IC'UII>\.II'1oII:TIm 119 cn<o, IIlIHI1MaH, 'JTO Jl€CHblt' :i;IKIIHbl TJ.lnJCTHhl J\JlJ.l IIlIjU[ilHHhlX ')TOI1> I\Of1O 'ttBt__rBa, :/Kt';iat'T H::! MI[:IOCm IILLUUPOTPIIIU OTHUWt'HI1lU K U\OI;'''I-Y lIapo,,-v YCTIllIOBltrb nOBCIQi\Y HOBb[e rpaHHlt[,[ CBOHX .CCOB B 3TOM Kopo.'JeBCTBe Tal{, 'Im(,] 01111 6bI.11 }'\!('lIbIllCU(,[ lID Tex nOC..-I('JtIlIlX Crq><1IJe1LlBblX pa3MepoB, IWTOpb]e 6bL[ 'CTdIlUIL1e[lb] nej>l. B meCTH CTaTbJlX AKra OT 7 ilBryCTa 1641 rOlia 06M1BJ1.1U1ocb H ycrallaB- JUlBaJlOCb, 'iT03TU rpall[Ubl He 'I.O'LI\Hb! DblXUlIl1Tb II pa.J.'JII'JHblX Ipaqr CTIlaX'ia "l"K:Jl.CJ]bl, KmlJjJb]C rq)pmUpml KOpct;JCIICKUX ;ICCOII HMCJIa B lI<aPIaTbli111J,1.lIpalLl\:'HIIJ.I KUPlJ;J}J flKOIJ;I J2. 9. AKT 06 OTMelle C60POB 3a pbIU,apcrroe 3BaHHe OT 10 aBrycTa 1641 roM 10 aHI)'na 1641 JOlla Ubl!1 npHHJ.lT  ().IIJI1IfJIIIUH 06pt-..tIU/UmeJlbHblX nJX¥dyp, KlICQKlUgaol PbwpfJL1«1lO Cae CJ8WI,,'. Ou npOB03maClL, 'iTO B ltaJIblletillleM IIUKaKoe .111U0 lie 6Yl\eT IIpHiI)')I(- l\aTbOI K ocryn'JelIHiO D Pb]lliIpCl(oe COCJlOBIIe [ npl1H.11T1nO Ha ce6f1 3B<U1l1fI Pb[illIPH. [ 0110 lie 6YlleT nOllBepmyTO KaKONY-.q[60 llllpa4Jy 3aOTKa::JOT;JTUru l 3aKOHO,-lilrc.lbHbIC aK'rb], J]PHlUlTb[C 7 II 10 aHryCTa 1641 roM 6b]J[H lIanpaIL1CllbJ Ha JJlUllC]IHC KOJX).;rn BO;ThKmtlIOC'TCii IJO.qyqaTb ».0- XOJI('I &3 cor.QOCllfi nap.'1aMCHTII. He c.'I}"-Iaiillo nn TPH aKTI1 paccMar- P(IDa."IIC(, B nap.a.'feUTcKHx na.;rnTax O.1l1oBpeMelllld;. I!Q.:ooGHbl11 O!b[C"1 Till[.1 D ce6e no""MU npvrero II Am 06 ynp<aIt- HCHIU! 3UC:i)[HOii 1Ia.,'i<lTbI ar 5 mOll}[ 1641 i"Ojl,3. am IIfLmHrQl'CKOt' )"1P!;?I(i[eIlHt' UCIIO;IhJUllaJI()(.b KuplmellC1Wii II;Ii\CThIO i!..'IJ.l HaKa::JaH1fI !lIilt.rHKaII,IlJalJllIlI>.DI WlaTHTbH:L1011-[,KUI'OplolCCOOHpa.;uJebnC3co- rJIaCHflnap.:JaMC[lTa. Onb1T 6ecnap.aMeHTcKoro npaBJIeHHH D neplIolI C 1629 no 1640 ro.l! nOKaJa., '{TO KOjXJ.% 6bl. B COCTOHIIHH 1L'iaCTDOB:ITb 6e.:J ''-brr lir>:COOh.-u'sPar1ianl ntarylli'ilOl)'Vvl.2.Co1.725 'Ibid p 193. . An Act f",. thc (1rc\'cnuon of W'utJr".U'< (1roccr<llf1.l'.-' tr>udllT1J': thc Ordcr of Kn(glllhuud The Cl)I"o<Iitllliun.J. [)ol"lImemsofthe P1rl"itan Revolution. 1625-1660. 1'196-197 'Ihidem. r. 197 'KaK'.>KYJI'Ia.II""CC}talllllill"-"aTW06I1!1IH.II"""Imd'lJX'Xlla.1Ba1IUWX 3aI«iHOII6hl!JlpacnIIYfp\.II..U0(1"HJlTh'amiillamrm,illlicp"m'"IITOPO....TCIIIID II QiI'III.;!e,... - 12 """'" 1641 r C"",TheJollrnalsofthe Hou",ofComlOOns. Vol. 2 P 173. 
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124 IOpltilllocu.llcacIIl'Kn. a'"-IIIICKO" fX.'HI'-"K"IIII' 16401660 fllAon B TOT llellb, KOrID B nap..laMelITe 6bL npHlffiT YIQ3aUUb]M aKT, :vtecb IIpOlBOIIIAO CIIIC OJ\H03HaKOIJO(' L"06IHI1C: 11cllyraTb[ UPOffi!IOCO- Ra;JH.Ja IICpCpblH H lIaplIa"CHTCKOn C!;,C1I1II (<ldJoumfficnl) IPI 20 OK- TIl6p.ll 1641 rolla, pewH8 nepell <11"11:\1, 'JTO KIDKl(a.II H3 mm3'r lIa3l1a'JlIT CIlCUIIa.1JbUWi"[ KOMIITCT. KOTOp!,]ij 6}'CT 4IYIIKL![!VIlIlPONflli 80 8pCWI ;rrurUllt1Jt'pblBa I B C(X"TaB KOMIiTeTa, Cm1iIIlIIOru DepXHeii naJlilTOH, DUllJ,lO ceMb !J(JP$JR HmKlliIH na.aT3 -JP\lH])()Ba.r[a KOMI[TCT 8 COCTaB!' -17 :\cny- rdTon 2 . OOOlt,,! KOlmCTIiIlt 6bL'II1 Jl,aJ-ibl uHc-rpYKlIJlI1, olllX'jIC..'UIHIIIHC OCIlOBllble uanpmmemrn HX .ne.llTe.bIlOCTII DO BpeM.II nepepbIDa D cec- CHH nap..laMe[ITa. KOMI1T!;'T ITa,"faTbl 061111'IH IPI;J)I(l'H 6bl.rl, H 'Ji\CTHUCTl1, -«;Ja6l1TlllbUI o TOM, 'ITUUbIIlYHKT.Ya.bHO L"06.r[I01liU[IIL"b IIOCTiU106ltefiHH;noii lliU[a- 11,1, l1BCaIOIllllCCSI pocnycKa apMI111, nQl].lUlOBKII apTlt.rL1CPIlI! 11 rap- 1111:!0IlOB, a Ta1(IKC BWD.C.1CHIUI U OTnpaBKI1 ,1cl1cr AU! ,",1'1: L\C.'1Cih.", 'lTo6b1 nO[](LIIH.'lill"b Kopo..leBCKa.II K,13II.1. Hit C'I)"liUI B031UIKHOBeHI!.H Mmt:'?KeM llJIli DOmlemrn B lJIa4>cmax KO'-IIiTeT lI'IeJI nomJOMo'me 06- 111l1taThCH KO BCCM IiICpl.q-JII/It, "II1POHh["1 CYlI!>}["! U JI]JY111M JIO![}J(HOCT- HbIM 'ImIaM (; T[X.ofiliHaIlIlCM IlbIlIO!IH!;'HHJ] lI"111 (.IJ{)]1X nUJt;-laHH{!CTI;'i\ 110 nD,l\aDJ)elll1l0 TIlKI1X Mme)\({'M H!Il1 BOJlUellrn. KpoMe TOro, )'ffi'I33.lIlIblli KOMlff('T lIo.m]({'1I6bL BeCTI1 ncpclJl!CK}'C nap1l3111{'IITCKHMH KOMIITeTII- 1.111 B lllOT..'Ja!Ll!1H, ;;iIHI!MaTbUJ IlOil101OJltlPii llpone]\ypb[ npt'CJ[e..'IOIJiI- IIIIH npaBOliapyllmTe.eil, nponlB M1IUpbIX I]an;noii oOlUIIH DbL'lBlIHY- 11,! 06BfIl1CHUH; ocY/l!CCTBIDlTL 11M1OP :'!a .lICm'.m,11OCTbK1 3anN\H0- 111-J.,'II1iiClmii KOMllaHI1H, 1a pblt'.O lonCTBOM I-ill u06cpC>KbC AHI'JU!U, lllOTJlallllUlI H I1p.'Ia[L'lHH ' 'BdJop"',l(elwp.I,,, IITt.KIIXpe'!t'",,'ell1lJ1I, lol'"rpUlllb'X Y'LlI»I_Koo- 6e-rr"",lp"'UlTlle..OpIIO]<aJlca,H"a6upa""pmo.!II."lI!IiicK.KO'''''''X 11m] IleWIIX, 113 I(Opu.!leaKllX B.,1a!1ellllii AJII:'11n11l Jo!P.Jlt'DIII&, a T<,lOI(e UI 0 lepep"'lJeHl.t'l'l.""IIo!Jl."'"T"""''''lII)eonI6l.e,n.t'!D«Cubb.llWl1,ePlrh,IA>t'I1Iary 11i-woy of ElIghJd. VoJo. 2. Co!. 9HJ. 0''IlIa1(O II }KYPIIJ.1e 3<n'1<I,..lii nJ.laThlo6[IIIIH ,YrHU,,"UlIUlUJlJltb,...IOR"'''Ui\''''''1U1I9l.e,n'''rpll6.111 . n W The Parlli\111Cf1U1Y HI'itOI"V of F"J-.h.t Vol 2 Col 911 B N vya' P.1X (;, YaiiT.QOKJ roBOpllT(' 0 €KOlmeTe II..nlilec..Tll n L I1bI 05l/11l11",IIaJlIa'll'KiU\! 3:I£:C"""'DOllpc."..""I'03\ICIfft:K"X""......y_.llm'c"e'III"""JIIPOK'.."'"0'1..-,'IIO'/t"'. lll (Menlorials of the EnSlish Affail'$ from the beginl'lil18 of the Reign of C11arles the First tothe Happy Rc,wrnuonof K,,,,,,Charlcs [he Second by &l..mdc 'Wfutc1ockA 11C\\'e<IIuon"ofoun'O]UlnC$,Odord,18.'i.3_VoI I P 137) 'Cubbetr U, Th Par1101111Cf1tNy History ofEl1Wand. Vol 2. Co1. 911 'Ih,dem 
r"laIlaQCTBI.'J'Ta>I_&X'"IIKIIOBCIl1IC'UlDl.II'loICTIm 125 TaKUM 06paJm.., nepepb[1I1I napniOlelITCKOH cecem:l lie IIIleK 3i\ CfJ(K!ii IlruJHfJro IIpHOCTaHOIJ.,'JCHl15I JlC}[TC;JbHfJCTI1 lIap-'laIIt('HJ3. Ocy- IIll.'lTII..'leHUl.' p}lila l'l.O 'YIIKllUl1 (IJ1<lBllbll>t "(Va:il'''1 HW-!"pHUI1I Xi\- paJ\repa) nepeMerua.oc(, IIi!. oce IIpern ;nom nepepLIBa II paMK11 Dayx KOMllTeTOB. .IlclicroomlBwllx nOCTOJlIIUO H II COTPY,1lUU'ICCTB(' lIPyr C lLPyr<I'I l Brno6I10B.eIlUe 20 Ok--rn6pJ1 1641 ro.llil 3ace.1I;U:II!f'[ nap.'i<I"R'lITa 03Ha"a.0 n(KIAf"I>KCIII1C nl1c>l..lIdi nap.'laMCHTCKOii CCCCI-[lI. HCI13MCU- HbIM fJcra.QCJ1l1 h.YfIC lIaJuiIIIllHTa Ha ,"{a.lbHdillIl'{' orpaHI1'JCHHC KOpO- JleBCKOH 1L1aCTI1. Mffi"e>Kllb[e ilenyraTb] Clpe'IUJIIICb .l!OCTIl'1b :noli Ue.ll1 lie TO.'lLKO nyre,,! )'pl"3i\IIl[51 no.lllm!O<lIn[ KOpo.'lH II 06.aCTn I)JllllaJlCOB H npal<ll("YilJl}l, HII H IIOCfX'ilCTlj{)1 IIcmuJ.;JcHI1}1 IIOJII1TJ1'Jt'lKOIU II,;IH}I- HI1H lOlUlabHb[X rpyllll. C 'YIKIIIJllJIIX IIJXJ'-1Hoii ollopU'i t,OpOJteDl.lUJ'-Iy TpollY OCCliblO 1641 roill\ Bonpoc 06Y.lla.1cIII1H nIITClJcii }'Ka- 3aHH(,[X rpynn l!3 naJ1.r[aJ\1CHTa 11 TaJiHoro C<"JD("l'a CTa. 3aHliMaTb O)\HO HJ uemp,UlbHblX "[('CT D nOBeCl1\e .l!1IJ1 JaCe,GIllllli Ila'JaTbl 06uum. CpeZUl coc.oBuii <tllrmlli(1IQI"Q o6ll1ecma. COCTaB.'l\IlIllIlIX COID[- a.'lhHb!ii ifJYH,'laMlHT KO!)().]ICBCh"Oli lL'J3I"TIl, oco6oc 3Ha'JCHIiC II"IC.O <tHI.lI1I\dHCKOe l!yxUHetf("1lII1. 23 OKn16p}1 na.laTa IlfilIP-IH IIPIlH}IJI<l " TpeTLeM <l.TeIllUi npoeKT 3<lKOIIOill\Te,lbIlOro aKTII ",0 .I!Wellllll Bcex JII1U D.',XOBllb[X COCROBldi npaBOMO'-UJ5I OCYllleCTBJIHTb KaKy[o'Ru60 UJe'Jl.KYIO IOpIICJU1KIUllO 11.'111 B;JalTb2. B HeM YCToIHi\IJJllllla.r[CH 3,mpeT apXHemtctrollilM, enl1U\OnaM II DCeM .'lpyrl1M J[HU<I"! I!J .:l)'WDllblX CO- C,10BI1ii n(l,%'10BaTbC}] C 10  1&111"OJ).a u3i"JltpaTCJ[LHb[M npaooIll Hl[11 IIpaHOM I"OIIOC8., a l'a[Q[(C OCylIICCTILHlTb K:ah.ym'..'II:1fio lJJ[acTb B nap.'IaMeUTe, U_11 D Tai\uoM COI!t"R' rulrnHf[CJ(oro KOp0.1eBCTBa, Will II Ml1pOBOM cYJle, HRH CBeTCKYIO DJIaCTb nocpeM lGIKOII-JUJ60 KO- MI1CCUH. Bee J[eiiCTHH}llIepe'lllC Il'HHh]X .'1111(, (:UlJepIlleHHhle IIOCJ]e Hi\- ;;DaHHuf'[ .lli\Tb[ 1\ npoTHoope'1H1! (: ue.r[hlO 11 HCTI1HHhUl-t O!h1l''ION .lli\H- 1101"0 alITa. 06"bJ11L1H.m:lc(, RHWC[I1I('IMHIOj)IIJ\lf'ICCKOii Cll(']. 'nU,qltlp'......]I,.iJ.l"IIIOIII(O>lIl..,(yn........OOII[I"'.u"!1un)j(eIl6b1JjUHe'"'e ""em """,-"" II "'phi"" nCl'("C""IIiIf'-OJiI"'-Kra(oo"pa1"h(" '\.. n II''IC/iIIIHan\01I '3l..!I1I1I11{.IOcpt>ayll)ILlIIBJ]lo6oe.npyloel\OJJ)IllIee..JJeM}].Ero ""e'I,'nOJIY'III,1)1(]"-'""'m'lIIellC"IJ'C'IaThCB_.<OIiocIlD'l'<O"'''''''';Ll''''-omBfJl'''''C 1(0mT€'TOM: na.1aTOl 'Iq)'<OB. 1Ii\.......... IIII"M wiic1"ROBaTb BO BJJe'''' nepepblBa II m'pJla \JUITCK01iCecCIIU{,b,d_) 'lln lIet for d,......t,IR18aU  in Hnly Orders to CX='_'<C any Tcmporal Jllrls,hetlOn or Amhonty I I The JOllrnal, of th House of C.......>m. Vol. 2. P 293; Cobbett W'l"nc Parbamenl>ll)' H...wryof Eland Vol 2_ Col 916-917 
126 IOpltilllocu.llcacIIl'Kn. a'"-IIIICK<>" fX.'HI'-"KI]lID' 16401660 fllAon na..ara J!OPi!OH Ht' IIO,1Jll'P)I(a.ila naJlary 06l1lI1H, H aKT HC 6hl.rl BI!e1!t'H II J[eIkTIIHt' ( TUrD qJOK<I, ( MJ1UPlIru HlUKIIJU! IIa.IJI"a lIap.r[a- MeHTd npe.llno.r[itr;J..,"I<1 ero BIJeCTIto. Ho TeM lie Mt't1ee onpe1le,leHHYIO :':'::6-I:it::lHciiIlICli :-mO.JlKIIIIU! IIIJ.UITl1'J('(:KUil CUCTCMhl AHr- D.pyn1M 06beK-rOM <lTaK nap.r[itMeHTl-KOi1 orJnWHUlIl1 (T<I.H 'J,leHb[ Tai1Horo lOIl\.'Ta Kp.tlll'iCCKItC I<bICKa.%II!3HH)] H a,..1.]X'C KlIjXJ.1CHCKHX (IJlIt'THI'IK!JH ;>S)"I<l.lI1 Hit .Ja(t' I01HH}lX "'.10'11111"0 lIillJ.laMl'HTaI> (" c-.w:oro Hit'Jiti[ilerorWlO"IbIo. OOJ[eeTUro, Ilpon[B P_Hit Bb[("OKIIX ('ilHOBHHKOB KI OKpYIKCIUU[ Kap.!l<l 1 Ila;Jal1ll11101UI1H 6b1.JlH I<hUlHI1Hyrb[ oOIJHHCHu}J H IUCYJIiIPlTI!t'HHOii I1:iMeHt', J1llf1j[i\-XpaHUTt'.)] ElI.ilhlllllH KlIPO'leHCKOH lIe'JiIl1t .alii. (]JIIH'ia,apXl1t'IIIICKOlla KeHTep6epmkKoro Y. J10JI<1, nxy- iWIJCTIJCHHom CCKpClapH (]J Y311H1l6"HKa IIZjUaMCI-1I'apllHM y;(a,'J(lLb 6.'I3IO'\iIPI Tl1M IIOBHHCHmlM I m: I paHUTb OT i!(J:I)I(HOCTt'H, CaMblii )l(t' B.i[WlTe,lbHb[f! 113 ""Up!J,.elI("KHX (;aI-10BHI[I(OII I-J C<UI-tl>[f! onacHb[f! .ai[ 113p.,JaMCHTCKOii OIlIl().JIIII"I1 'JCJ[OI<CK -rpaifJ CT.'I-Jlmllll'JCJI HC 'nUbKO (:IIOHX ;10!I}I(II()(TCI1, HO H "",,UHU 24 I!IOH)] 1641 1"0'101 Ha palTMOTpeHIlt' nd.![aTb[ 06uuIH 6b[JI!Ih]- HecCH npocKT .,coml npcJ..,1(J)1(CI-U1iJl nap.'[aMcl-na 1ropo'110 Kap.!IY I, IIIIJUOlOtl.Il'l1HbIli Ult1lll<LlhHblM KOMI1TCTO'-! 11I1,'[ IIpCJ[CCtilIClbCTHlIM 11.11I nll"li\. R "'TOM ilOK}""CHTt' HaMl'Ji!.mCh Mepbl, O("YlIll'{TI\jlt'HIt' KOTOPb!X Jl(J.,'DKHO 6b[.10 npHBCCTIl K iI,aJ[bl-lL-iirnCMY YCI1-'ICHIIKJ po.;111 113p.,'I(iJl-ICHTa H MexaHI13MC I"OCYJliIPCTIICHHmi H..I3CIIt. 06c lIaJmTb! 1-13.- Mt'Ptfld:JH('h I1IJt'JL-l()jI(IITb KllJXl.ilKI YJw.:mTh OT ("(.{i}l HCt'X ("()HCTHI1K()B, Bb[CTYII'ItOIllIlX npOTlIB pC_'JI[l"!m, coo& I[ <fJoPMW npaB.;JCIIIIR KOjXJ- 1L0Cll\3, CIIOCt. l"TI<YIO!lI"X pai/lopy "tl?KJ1Y HUM I[ 1-13.p.:\'10"- RemMCH HX Ero Be.1U'it'(THY IIpi;' I,.""<\.'l')("b H;:jj.lTb H CI<lII1 COHt'T -«;um OTlIpaH- .'JCIIIH! BC.7JIIKI1X .aC.rI KrJ!)()'ICBCTB3 TaKl1X l¥")1I)I(H("JL'TliblX JJIIU .. crl&")"- HI1KOH, OTHOUITC.7JI,HO KffilIP(,[X H3POJl II TIap.'la.\!CHT MfDKcr 11MCTb U(KICHOHaHHYIO IIpl1'JI1HY J!,.'IJ.t: IOHl'PI}]!>2, KPOMt' TUW, lIap;JaMcH'I"dpUI1 npcJlIlO!13I"a.'JU OOparUTI£SI K KOpoo.lO C npocWof! y6cm:m, KOPO'ICI-J)' -«IIPIII-J}1Tb HZ C!lyMfly K Ec BC.7JI1'JCCmy HZ .a().J[IKHOCTII. lffiMI'VIIUIICOI HbIHC H ee paCllllpJ.i>Kt'HIU. Hl'KlITOI)blX .-II1i1THblX 11 llj1)THX, 06JlC4CH- IIb!X JlOBCpHCf .'JI!'--!!>. O'lCBlt)\HO, 'JTO B MIIHOM c.'I)'13l' (JMC'.I[Cb B BHJ\.Y .Uu.a. no.l)"lHBWUC OAOOpeHI1C nap.;JaMC'HTZ. Cpellli HJ1X He Jl(J.,1- >KHO 6b1.rlO 6H,b, IIUIl-tHCHUKJ lIap_laMCII1.ilpHCI<, HH 11C:IITOB, HI1 Cl<jJ- 'lla.eeMm"'fOI(V\IIITRHacr<»lIlleHCTaT"CHa.1I"RaeTCn4)lecl!ThllpelJ,..'())I(t'Hni;. 'TheJournalsdthe HouofCommons. Vol. 2. P 165. 'Ih,dcm 
r"laIlaQCTBI.'J'Ta>I_&X'"IIKIIOBCIl1IC'UlDl.II'loICTIm 127 II{CHHI1KOII KaKOii-JlH611 CTpaHbI. naJU<tII-ll'HTaJ)I1I1 I<hlJIa>Ka.'1I1 TalQl(t' Jt\e.lilHlle, 'lTo6b1 -«tJeNJ1Opble .1I111i1, 06..It"ll'HHh[e 06I11txT['eHHhIM il.O- DeplieM H BIIO.;me pe.;JI!I"U03Hb[e, 6bL111 6b[ npl!6..'lII)f(eHbJ K npHHl\,}' 11 MIII.111 6hl IIO:>a(I!HUTh(;J.I 0 HOClIIlTallm! CI"O 11 J[J1YnlX IKOpOJlUICKUX] ILl'TCli, UCU&HHO III<UIlPOW" pt'.U!n!ll ll'HoCX>i{hl..I. HilKlllleIl, II<1p.Jlil- MeliT npoJ1D.'IJUI B pill"l"M<rrpf!D<leMUM nOK)'MeliTe H<1MepeHl1e D3J1Tb nOli CH0I1 KIIHrpob .JlOP/[OH-H<J1\.ICCTHIIKOH (lnrrl-Lil'lItCIlant), 33"tCClItIC- 'Ieii HdJ,Il'{THI1KOII (Dt'pvty ucutenant). K<\lIIni\HOII (Capw.ms) U q>y- rnx .l!o.'lJKIIOCTHb[X 'lUII, nelilTBUItilBUlIiX D rvoK!lf.T\\a.'i B HeM Ilpe,'j"."Ia- l'(l.JlOCb, 'JT06bI ..'IHlW, .JaHl1MCiliIlIlIC ;13HHblC JJ.,]:>KH()CT1f. IIpUHOnUlI[ Cllelp-laJlbHYIII IIpl10try Ha IICpHOCTb lIap..rlilMt'HTY "I'""t\)'I-O.. KO"if)f.IaJI Muma 6b[ CTilTb .clp<1HTueii Ot'JUlliI("HUlTII iV[J1 lIilp..1i1MeliTolpl1t'B B 3'[11 OIl3CHbIC HjlCMCHa. 25 11K)H).! 1641 roiI,a 3Tl1 IIPt'/[JllI)l(CHH).! Kllpo.rllli 06cy",",w"Ullb I< DepXHd[ lIaJ[ilTt' 1Iap.,"IaMeHTil. n(X'JJ!;' Ht'lLlL1I11X JIe6aTOB 'IOP/[b[ IIpfJtJJ1- !U1 pCIIICl-UlC O.'lOfiPlill, OCHOBHYIO IIX 'JacTb. Tc llpe l-IffiUHIUI, Kmn- phl<.' ;JlIPilhl (:OL]!Il1 HC 1<1I(J.,'IHt' (X)(I(.HIII«JIIHb!.\!I1, 6bl.UI IIl'PC/[ilHbl UMI1 lLll JlaJ/bHel11l1ero pilCOto"l"flet1H B Clle[U!<UlbHO o6paJoDilHHb[H JJ..i1J1 nom KOMlnCT 20 UKJ.;ut 1641 m;I,a na.;/,1"I'<1 0611P-lH IIl'PC/[1Lla Ha ({K;YlK"ll'HIIC I< nitIary 'IOPillllJ II}ITb l{OIln.,rlHIITe.rlbHhJX Ilpc/[ 10AeI-mi:! KUPO}llU 1 . noc- .'lC HCnpO.1lQ,'J)I(IiTC-%HOi1 Ji.lln,-YCCIll[ 'KJlIJILI npHHJL111 PCUlCHl!C 0;1,00- pltlb HCC IJbIIllCYKa:-IaHHble IIpCIIJIO>KCHIffi H IIcpCJIi\Tb I1X Hil pran:",or- pCHHe KUpn.'ll(1 KaIJ.'lY I. Enl Bt';II1'J\:'CTBU C<11:1Ii1C11;/OI (.0 I<Ct'MH npC,!I.10>KCHIlJo£MI1 ilaJ).'Ia!CHTal. H() HIUGlKIIX "IC}) lL'L!! npoocgcH}[J1 I[x B )f(]NHblie IIpl1WlJ1 noc'le lIepCPb!Ba I< lIap Iil'-lel1TCKOU ceccmll<OlIpoc 06 YiI,(LIt'HHl1 113 KOfIO_'JCBCKoii :JJ\MlUlIlCTpIIl{IiII .111'-1, lie no.b.1Y'OUl)[XCH .IlOBCpllCM CPCJll1 uap..'lli.\!CIiTilPIlCH, CTa..'[ HHOHb 1I0JlHI1MaTbCJ! Ha :.I,aHIUlX 06c- HX II<l,;J<H aHr,IlmitKunl I1ap..'Ii\.\!t'HTa, nOCKliJ/bKy Ha:-\HiI'ICHIIC Tt'X H)IH IIHbIX ..'1111I Ha J\O.r[)f(HUlTll B rulY'I<!P'I1JefIl-JOM y"P<1BJ[eliUIt H yDI) IbHe- Hire I[x c rucYlliIpCTBeHHOii c.'l)rn-w J!B..1J1,lUCb 6eccnoplluii H I!CKmo- 'Thc.J0urnaJ.ofthcf-\roo;t'nfComrnons_Vol2 P 185 , B IIIIX I"OllOpll.:lOCb 0 3al'lJeTe IIIIO<'TJXlllllbJM IIOC.'J 1\1 YKpblB.Ub u.']!! .I1ao,Ub IIPIIOC""III(C l<aKJI.....m.oo nanCK'''' CBII!CHH"KaM Inll "l'3y,rrn.., ""-"[JOIIIIIMC T"f.i(:..... Ilbl.\111 )l(IITelMlIl(opo.eIlCI(IIX t\.1a,;t,ellllii, no. TeM npe.'I;IOrO\I. TOOlIIIIIX{".qyrtl.II.1I1 1I0000ItllblMnpc;IIIO<"O_.033I1pCTCllaJIltCTa",,,,CTI,n.,,,o,,,,.naijC'"III"""I(I!,<!)[)pTbI, lcca. napK" R IIpc.,c.ax AIII"J[)1\1 1f.11 YB.:Ih("a, 0 pa3pc,IIC'1IIII na.aT(' oIi'l(!lH 1I'CTh C'IOrLIID"oprno:al!:l.mpo."""-...."'maCOB,CKIJ""IbKOen,,c06xQil."."O,"T..JI.. . Cobbett W TIlc Parllamcntary HlStoryofl:l1J:land_ Vol 2_ Cot 890 
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138 IOpltillllCU.l'cacIIl'K"n.a'"-IIIICK<>lIpc"''-"K''IIIIII640-1660n>J\on c.ll'l[UH,ne.'lhHo, UlI';JbIIIUHCl"I<OM I<l"CHI I< 1 t l"()JlUCIIH' MHllnlC 113 Tex. KTU BI>Kl)'U3.'[ B lIeU<rr3X IIpaH!tI "OffOii CT])<1HHOii Pt'MUHlTpaIlf1l1i>, KO BpeMeHI1 Ha'Ja.a ru,lOCOBaIlIl nOKIIHYJlI[ nap..la"!eJ-1T.)'TO"LleHlible MHO- 111'111(:;il'HHbll\.U! fX'Y<L\tI1. T<lK 'ITO. CC'I] fibl I1L'IOCUlI<!HUI' CO(TlI}UlIlh paHhlllC Will >Ke UhT.,IO fihI lIepCHect'HU H<I l' Ie 1..\'IOlllml ilt'Hb, TO ulla BIIO!llie MOr!la Ub] 11 Ht' I10.n''JI!Tb 6u,lbWI[HlTN rUJ[lJ(""UB. TIfL'II1T11Yl'CKlIC :-ma'Jl;;I1C "Bc;Jlumu Pl",mHC-I1'laJIHU» 61>1:10 PC:KO YllI;JI'HIi t't' IIlIy6.U!KmHlteM TIoc'le Toru, !\<IK .-nUT l(OK}'Mt'IiT UblJl IIPI[HT, B liltJKHel1 nXlare 1Iap.:!aMeHToI COI."'l'(»l"lOCb [o.nU('OBaHI1e no ooupocy HlWllO'JCI-Um IJ em TCKCT 1aJlpC'l"a 1-13. C['O lIylilUKallfllO. 101 Jlt'lIyraT IlpoUI,!IIlColla.'1 "a "Ill, 'J1Urih] JlaHHhlii ;;aulx'T 6hljl HK.!IIO'-It'J-1. OlUlaKO 124 HOilol.'U1l.001111.L1OX'i\ IlPOTlltl l . T3KII"! OrIp<tJO!. pemeHl1e 0 lIyrnliKall11l1 "Be.,UKOi-i PlMOHClpaiIIUl\> Ubi 10 Upl1Hm.o TIa.aToH 00- IIII1H 6n,lbllnlHCTHOM H(."(.'HII< 23 I1WI(;(!, HacllIu'JuIlOCTl>, (: KOTOpuii lIi\p'1allteliTIK<UI Olll103ltUl[}l n0611BxmCb IIpl1HflTl1f1 Jl<lHHoro pt'welillfl, CHlI-,ILR'.lbCIIJYCT 0 Tmi, 'JTO 01-13. IIPll,taIJ2.la "BCJIIIKOii PCMOl-ll-,pa- 1111I1» IIpllllar.aH,IIIlTCKlIC .JH<I'JeHUI', 1<11.i1t'.'I<l I< Ha;-IHaHHOM JiOK}"Il.'HTe Ht' CTlJ.%KO 06palllt'HHt' K KUPO.'II{), CKUJ[hKU HU:>:3B<1HI1t' K Hallllli. TOMac I\bft, .aBmp OJlHOH 113 ncpBblX KHl1r no I1CTOpl1U ....l\o.qmm 1I<lP.;I.aJl.ICHTa», I<bIlUC'l.lI\l'li CIIII' I< 1647 1"0)1.)'. TO l'O-b I\'m H[>C"tJI, KOl:1.<I ;:ITlIT pOKmmu ,Vlfl I{TOPHU AHI;;Jlnl napjfi\MeHT I1IX>ilo.1JI\a.1 J[CIIClUO- BaTb, l!,a!I C1ICJIYlf1O Ol!CHK)' f):>aKry npHHHTuH "Bc.'IIII..-oii PCIOl-ll'l'- pallllll!>' ...B :no I<pCUl l1a'ia.'lnl tfJaTa.;fbHbl; pa3phII< "1C»;..1.}' KOpO.!ICM U Ifup.rla.\fI'HTOM, CTi\HOI<UIIIIIUi:icfl JleHbOTO ,1H}I '-IaMeTHt't' IIlIIlIpI;' It He npCKpaTlilUlluiiCR no TCX nop, nOKa BCC KOI){)!ICBCTBO I-fC BT5I11Y.1OCl> IIOCTCIICI-IHO IJ pa:'II)YI1ll1TC!lbHYIO IIOHI-f}'> \. f[.tIDK.l,aHCKaflllmiHa 1)a.1pa- :-I11.'1i\(.b I< AHI"'-11111 I< i\HIYlTt' 1642 I"{J,1A - 11I1 IIJX>IUl'{:THI1U I<lI(.bMU MCCH,-!CB noc.,'Jc npUIIHTHH TIa.'Jamii06lli[IH "Be.,'U!KOii PC!OIIC1]U\lUIII!>. ClclloualC.lbHO, IIpJl"loii cmull "IL'JKJIY 3111,,!II..'IHVMJI c06hjn[JI'-U HCT TeM He Ml'Ht'C upl1turl"lt1' "BCJJIKUU PlMOHCIJIa;11II1» HIIO.!IHe "m)KHO JRl'MaTj)11B<rrb B Ka'JeI:TBt' Ol[HOrU 1[" Bi\.JI\Hei1I1I11X ;'jBt'HbeB B TUii uelIlI r nu lIP"rII." "II<:i(e'IIIM. oonbwllI,uflllIII lie Gu.,,,,, 9 IV IUlOO (Mall Tho. The H,story of the Parln"u;( of Engla.nd. \\-h,,-h began N-.YWlhcr the th]m. :\mCXL London.IM7 Book2,P 17). . The Parliamentary HIstory of EnJIIarrrl Vol. 2_ Cot 937 lip" :m"" 0.1..al«l, 6b1,10nPlUmWnOCTaIIOFllelllle.rorla<1iOldrroP'-"'Y"&IJIIKiISII'HtoIICTpaIIlIH_lIe "'orla6"'n,olly6_,.....-.mna'Il'\JQIJJCfIllO,oc3crrewm.'bHoropaapewcm...lla:rmf1a.r:ta. Th,o/'i'I(IIU -, Mali 1h Th H]5101)' of th Parhamnt of England. winch be,gan Novmber th thml. I\ID(.XL(1640)_London. 1647 I:\ookl P 19 
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140 IOpltillllCU.llcacIIl'Kn. a'"-IIIICKOII fX.'HI'-"K"1IIII 16401660 fllA"n lIaMeTllBlill!i\cH paCI-(O. B Ila.rJ:aTe 06uUJII B opraHe, ax-TaD'lIIDWeM onJlOT ollllmmlUl1l.opOQCBlKni1 B IaCTH EllIe 60:1(:'1;' -lialt'l1-1blM lTaillll< pOCCMitTj"JIIHaI;'Moe BpeM}I paCXlI)II.- Hellue  nBY1H na.:IaTaMI!: nap;'JaME'IiTa. Ila.,laTa nOp.!lOB Bce 'laIl\e BLlcryna.1Ja npOlllB p(tllcuui\ fIa.;IaTbI o6Il!1I11. Uc"'J(,[ii pH,'\ 6lL'L'JC1J, Db[p;uKaDWHX 11HTepeCb[ I1<1pJ[a,,!eHTcl\Oii UIIIIo.::J111I1111 I[ I1powe.!llUI!X HH>KHIOIO n,J,li\T,Y napJ[ilME'HTd. tie Mo.r no.,lY'ilITb oHo6peHiUl ..']OPllOIJ. K I1X 'J}[cny OTHOClI.C5I, B 'JaCTI-IOCTlt, np(X'KT aKT3 ,,0 .'JIIWCHI[U BCCX '111!.! lIYXOIIHb[X COC..'[OImii UpalJOMO'iU}[ OCYlIlCCTHQJ!Tb KaKYIO.j[l!60 CBe'fCI.)'IO Iq)IICHIIKUHlO H.I! D')3('"fb<>, npHlUlTblt[ l1amll"OM 06uUJIl E'llle 23 OKTH6pH 1641 mila lli COB:E'p>IGilllrn llallllo.ro 6Ll.'lII BltllllO, 'ITO HCT,)'!L'II;'Hl!e ero I< IUplljlU'JeCKYKllI1J1Y UpCillllJ,;J<11<t.rlOCb C 10 Hlm{ YKa::JaHHo.[1) r01l<l. Hu ofJUNY 1I.<1HY tll;' cy-AJt'HU Ub!.'[o. .:.1JbITbl.:Ho. C1JX'N(, llOf.fThCSI OT .10pilOB o)106pellrJH r1peHCTaB.!lCIllI(,1X 11M rJ3 11a.'Jan,] ofiU!l1H 61L.'lolCrt. 1J()}I;,1,II nap;Ia!l-tCIITCKOil OTInl).1l1!.!l[l[ PCWIi- .'lrJCb ua 6ecnpeue.a.eHl11blt[ mar. 110. I[X I!:ItI!lwaTllIJe D HlI->Kllei1 fJaJl«fe allrnl!i1cKOra nap.,aMeIiTa 6bL o(jpa3oD.1U CueUllaJibllb]t[ Ko.MlfTeT, 1-(0- TfI!)OMY 6bLO BMCI1CHO B oflJlJ3.Hl-IOCTbCOCTaHlI7l. IICj'JC4CHb TaKl1X fiHk J]t'fi 11 }[UlICCm 110 UJI;'1[l'HI11 YIIMbIX .lOplllll< C.II:.' lVlmllt'!;' !Hl'H11;' l1a.laTbI 06wHu: «3m fIa.aTa I1B;'l\]eTCH npe.:¥T.lBIlTe1ILllhlJ\t oprauoM BCem KOpc)'CBCTBa. a JIOP.!lb[ BI>tC"ryTIaJOT lie IIlIa'-lC KaK B Ka'iCCTBe 'i<ICTHb[X 01l!1I. IIPlllllfO.'III1I[X II nap.<l!<-teHT Hol UlHUII:iUlIIlIlll()I;'!1J .'lI1'-lHU- ra npana; II ernl! Ulllille Co.113oo.'I.IIT (rTh npl!IIHTUe JIlf',; aKTo.B I[ ilpymx, HC06XQlU1M(,[Xil-11 COxpaHcHrn It 6earlllacHOCTH Kopo'ICEICTBa. T011t.a na na31aTa \l0JKCT dYhCJlr1HHTbC.!I C TCMU H3 JIOP/lOB, KOTOpble 6ynyr 6o,1ee 'JYBCTDItTe..bJlb[ K 6eJonilCliOCTII Kopo.f'IJ{11JiI. ! npeJl- CTaDlITb I[X ua }"fBl'p)Kl1em!e Era BC"lH'Iec1B}'»'. Ho "lOp1l.l>] lie nowJ\11 Hit yCryllKU uap..'I<!.\!et1TCKo.H IIIIUU::J11IlHI1. Pal '«»IVIeHUI;' M'\'y }["Y"[J.I 1Ia.aTaMll ilHr.'lllik:KO!1J nap'JiIMetiToI B lli\.'JbooiWe)! lUJIbKo. YU[.I!Ba- .'IOCb. B lia'JaJ[C llCKafipJl B l1a.r[<rry ..']Op,'lOB 6bL nqX','1aH lia (J(>CHI1C npI!Hffi"blt[ fIa.<rro11 06wl!lI 611J1J1b 0 np[iHymITe.bJloM Ha60pe Co.,111<IT LL'J.!I C-'I}%6bl D l1p.,lil]L'lHlI-. E era npea\l6V.1Y 6bL'Jo. BIG1104ell0 no..o)j(e- HI1C, COl;Ji!CHO KlrroplIMY KOfXub .lrllllaJlCJl IlIJaI<OMo'Jml IIp'1H}0I\I1aTb KUI"O- IH60 H CI<UIIX UUJL'[ilHHhlX K I<UetlHUI1 C!lylll6e::Ja npelle;J<1M(1 em rpa4Ic"rna no BCex CJJY'IIDIX. 3a HCKJ[]O'leUlleM TOM CI!:TV3.UIIH, Koma B Kq)O'ICBCTBO BHc.1aJ1IIO moprac1OI Bpar lLrJ KOri{a K )'IaI.laJlllort c.'I)I)II6e , ThcJournah of thc Houscof Commons_ Vol. 2_ P 3.10 
r"lalla"17'''-'j1Ta>I_&X''''IKIIOBCIIIIC'UDLB'loICTIm 141 !lril:iblHa!;'T IIIIJ'IaHHlIIll <lCMCJlhHIIC iKp;I\at1lle. JlOPJII>I, o6cY'1.1I1< <;TOT 611 '1.'[1>, IlpeJL;WIKI[.11! IIJMeHIITh I1PI111t:'.![eHHUe IIU,IUJKeHlle, IIUCKUJ[I>K)' OHO OTHI[M<leT Y IClIpCllib] npllcyJUylO ef't npepor.rrHlJ)'o. 6H.'l.b 6b!.'l DU3- I<p<!lIl('1I1< IleLlal}' 0611l11H, KlHOIWl H (:I<IIKI1I4CI1('[b <nK,Ua.;J<JCb IIpU- HWfbllpe.'UIII)I(eHlle'III[1..1UH. 25 HOH6pR 1641 1"01li\ BU3BpaTIUlCR B JIolillUH H3 WUT.'J<ltUllII KUfIO Ib KapJl I OH UbL'I Tell....O I<CTI1C4CH ropon.at1a\!lI. 111aKOii IIpllCM IIpllila.!I eMY YHl'lJ!!HHO("TlII< ClllniX 01 Iij'l: 1lLeKaUPH EIlJ Be.'[1!4txTBU IIU.'IY'fIL'l UT IJpe.lJ.TiUJlrre'leii nil'laTb! OOIlII1H Il-Kl"T ,dk,,1l1KOfi PUIIOHCTpalII1IU' n IlcTllIlI-!lo, ('(' COllpowl>J,. !@IIIlIJ..YIO. «Il<\.'I<\T<J H<\MepeHa IlfiH<JpI>,lOHalb <flY J!el{.;J<Jpillll1KI?» - UIJX-IC11J[ KIp.'[ I. -<lMb[ He YIIU,lHOMO'JeHb[ mlJe'Ji(Th Ha iliIHHl>lfJ BU- IIIJon-, lKala.IU lIap.laMCHTapl1lt. 1-13. 'JTO KOjJlJ.lb II CBOID (i'J(.Pc II> :illiIl<l1.'l. "B TaKOM C.,flY4<1e, J.lllpe/[IIO.,flal<lKI, 111<hl HC (I}'JICH,'Qft..lI/IiITbO'I MeHH l1eMe]\.'[eHHOllJ OTBer.. Ha CTOJ1bD.11!HHVIO nenllU!lo..  iliIlI-t BaM OTBCT no 9m\fY Jlc.y C Tal((Jii Uh[("I])(mJii..c KaKOBOi't 1I031<0.111T em I<a)KHOCIb»I. B CJ[UIKHHllleiioJ U6lTaI:JOBKt' aHI....ulliCKO"IY KUPU!JIO, l1e IIMt'R- IllCMY B CBOC.\! pacnopWKCHIIH HC06XOJlI1"lb[X l}1uHal-ICOBblX CJ}CJ!CT1l1I i1.IICfanl4Hu CLlhH()fi aJl.\!IIII, HI1'JClU He IIcnlHa.'lllCh JIC'-JClTb. KaK Ha- CTalllliiTh Ha nKJ.IKIJleHlnl lJ{"e111 IIOJII1TII'It'l"KHMlt rpYlIIlIIpolllQl.\l1l 11 nap.!I3.W'HTOM HOpM l\dicTBYIOll!CITI aHr.'lllfich'l"Jffi npaBa. Ii KaJL1 I Bb]Opa.'1 UMCIlHO lat."{)ii CIIOCOO l<1l1l11l"bI11HTl'l"X..'CIIH KOPO)ICOCKOH tL1aC- TH. B {"1il1efi IlplJl\.ilaIl-laJlHu, 1t.i,Ii\IIHUi:i 10 ,1CKaOP}1 1641 m,'[a IIUll Rt'lb- Ma npI1MC'IaTC.1(,HWM Ha.1BaHIIC"! -<10 IIOBHIIOIJCIII[I! MKOI-l3.M, yc-raIlOB- 'ICHHh!M l\JUI }'J"HCfi'I\II.(.'I-Il151 IICTIII-IHoii pcJ[m'HI1 IJ 310M KOI)()"CBCTIJC AHIJII111», Ero Be.'[I1'Jt'CTHO I<blClYIIUJl (: <laJ.JIJ,;JCHlteM () TOM, '1TO OH, nOHItMIDI, 'JTO «Hacmml!C(' pacxo>l\l\C'lIllC. (KIJ'IC.'lCIIl[C II 6ecnOp5ll\OK B crJx-Pc- K)'..'[hTa U c.r[y OO[y... BC,'lCT K BC_IUKUM HO)IHCHI[}[M 11 CMJ!- Tt'HI1J.1"! 11 1IlJ,1I<t'pl(tC'f UllaCHOCTI1 HI1CUpi:ll<epIKCHI1J.1 (""t}'KI CYlIl,HOC'fh 11 HHC HCHIHI-K"Jii 1)('.,11In!lI, I)cWlL lJ..,1H coxpaHCHHH CJ<IUlCTBa H Mllpa "IIOTpc&-lHaTh IIOI<III-IOBCHIUI laKOI-la\! 11 craryraM, YCTaIlOB- 'ICHHbIM JIJlJ! yru!.-lJJI\.\.('HlUlIICIIIHHOii pe'1I111111 H :-rrmt KUpO.ICHlTI<l'!>2. B CIDI3IJ C aTl1M KOpo.,1(, npCl\n(JC(,IBa,1 B CEIOCli IlpolUlaMaUHH, 'lT06w .OOIKCCTBCHHIDI C.r1yJK6a OTnpaBl!5I.I'laCb B cro KOfJO.'ICBC1BC AHr.11111 II , l.J,JfT no: Cobbett 1\-' The Parliamentary HmoJ}'of Eland Vol. 2_ Co!. 943 , A Prodamauoo for ob--d>c1lO" to the law,. nlllamoo for thr cstahll<;hlll,l( of the true rcl\W<>n In thIS Iudom of Eoglaod IJ Th ConstitutIOnal DocullllT\ts of th Pur't.anRcvolut!on 162.'i-1660_Pl31 
142 IOp'LlIIIC<U'C"'.UCKT..a,"-..mCKOIlfX.'''',-,[J''JII''' 1640-1660nlJ\un 1I0MI!IIHOlle Y;oJbCe TaK, KaI{ TO lIaJlla'-JeliO 3aKOIIill-UI IJ CTaT)'TiIMII, ycnrnOH!ICHHb!MII B 9T01\-I Kl"JfIOQCHCTBC, 11 'JT06b[ HCCMII 1I0Jl.i1aHI-J},[MII, JI;\"«itJHbl"1I111 CI<e"l"CKHMI111Ka.11>II<a.rlIlCI> IHlm1HIIIIt'HlteyKiJ.:;aHHbIM ';aK!)- lIaM I[ CTmyraM, KaCiUOll\UMCI1 TOI"O :JKe CaMOI"O. H '!T06b[ Bce CYllb, o4J!t'-!CPb! II MIIUHC1pb!, .u,yxOBliwe I[ CBCTCKHC npllBOJULqH B IIcno,1- Helme YKa3<1HHb[e AKTbl nilpnall-lellT.1 B nXJTHeTCTBI1I1 co CIIJXlBelI.III- DOCTblO 11 COOlIMI1 {:jJ(:rrIJeTCTB}IlIUIMlt 06n3aIlIlUCTn"!I[&I.[la..lee II 1\0- po.,lCBCKOii TIpmG[B"IBIII[1t OT 10 JlCKOOpJoJ 1611 mJla 1Ll.'1araOCI> Tpl(.-JI<aHHC K Clli[IIICHHIlKaM p2.'imJ'JI-J},[x paHmB He BlIITb B itcii- CTDlle KaKlle-JIII60 pllT)'iL'Jb[ 11 uepeMOIII[I[, OTJIH'-JaIOUllIt'C.II OT rex, '{TO YCTaJlOB;oJellbl 3aKOllam 11 nmyrnMlI- Aur.'IHH. 14 J\l'I\a6 IlaIaTa OO]llItH 135 11J,;Jl)raM1 UrXlIIl1< 83 IIpI1H}I.rla peWeHl!e 0 lIe'JaT.1HI[I[ -<!Be.'ll1KUii f'eNot1crp<1UIII1h I[ COllpo1Q- U{elt ee TICTIIl\Hll'. Y311aB 00 3TOM, Kap;oJ I B COO[O O'ICjX'llb OT,1!,aJI npl1Ka.1 0 nc<IaT3HUIl CBOCI1J OTBCTa lIa )].aIlUYIO nCTlIlllIIO, a TalOKC cooef't .l!eK![<lpaUIIII. COllepJKi!DWell OTBeT 11<1 PeIIIolICTpaulllo lIiU<tI"b] 06uUJu 3 . B nCjll<blX CTpOKiIX Cl<lIl1(IIITH(;".-iI H<I TICTI1I1\1KJ, IIpl! K)fl.(.HHYKJ K Be;Jl1KOf; PeMoHcIJ!ilII1II1», KOpi:l.lb HI>]pa.111.1 YJ\I1II!Il'Hle Te"! <PaKT()M, 'lTO I1a.aTa 06uUJIl pacnOpmllL')OCI> ony6.IIKOmTh Pc\iollc1pamuo, lie HOJK)].aIIUlHCL OTBcra lIa illX' Em Bc.mf'tCC"IFIo. .Mb[ JlOmKHb] )].aT!. BaM ;;H<JTI>, 'JTO I\-II>[ O'JeHb 'lYl!lTIi!1Te..'lbHl>[ K Heypa;j,£'lU11O, - ;;a}IDU.r[ OH nap:I<lllR1lTrlpHHM. PeMOllcrpaIlltiO IlanTbi o6uuIH KOpO.'Jb HilJD<L1 He- napiJaMCHTCKIIM ;!,OI...)'\ICHTOM, O)\HaKO He OT OTBCTIITb B 6yl\Y- lI{e1111-13. Hce' B OTBeTe lIa TIenmmo K]p;'] I nOC.'IeilODaTE''lbIiO npoBO.1llL'J 1)':JKe rnM)'lO IUleiO nOBHUOBeuW] eIlCTB)'lOUUI\I 3aKOUaI<l Aur.'III![, KOTOpylO UH I<hIf.a:!It I H upl1tuncii 10 J[eKa6p TIpott,kI"1iI1111II Ero Be,iIwlelToo r The COIN;rotio!'k1\ Documents of the Plllil m Revolution 1625-1660. P 232- 'CoIrhffiIv.TlwParliam 1ItaI)'lr"Uir)'ofEoglilnd.Vo1 2.CoI.970 , e.... His M-.je-.ty.s Dt'dara[nm to I hb I"",og Subje..l.... published .,-ith the Ad\.',cc of h]s Pr,,'}' COllnr,]. III Answer to the &mort'\tranfe of thc Commons, C.JiJrlf Iv. TI]e PaI'Harnen(1,ry Hi-tor:'<' of Eogland. Vol. 2 Col 972--977. OrBt'T KO/XJ- JlHllaIICTIIIII]mll,'{CKJ]apaUIiHEro&'''''CCT"",CI-.rILp.KaII{a>IOTRCTlla.lJeJl'IK\'1O p,."OII("'JxllllllO..6b1J(1I0r[y6."(IIKOlI.1H1231('K UpJ 1611 r '.__.WescndyuuthJs""""'ertuyourpellt,un,rescn"ollrsclflnp()]ntofthe declaration \\hKhwe thlllk unr"II'1iam ntiIJ"'I'& (The Km;(s ,'\uo;\>"Cr to the Petition ny' th Grand &IIIIOII'InIlL jl The Cunshtut](Jna1 Documents of th PUrll3nRcvullltlun_162.'i-1660_Pl33) 
r"laIlaQCTBI.'J'Ta>I_&X'"IIKIIOBCIl1IC'UlDl.II'loICTIm 143 coo6rua.1J. nJp.aMe[rrapHM 0 TOM, 'HO "'1L'lII coxpallellru! Mllp<l [I 6e30- IGlLHQCTII AHr"ll1iicKOl"O KO))().![CIICTBJ m 3.![b[X HaNCpCHHfi IIJ[IItCTCKOfi lIilpnlllP IIH ,1€iit.11II)ua. 11 (I}';ICT It'Ii('TiJOHaTb I< (:t)OIHC1l1HHU CIII<C!;'- MI[ rnpaBellill1Bb[MII )!(e."laJlHM! IIJpoilll nap.;mMeIlTCKHM nyreN. Or- lIoeHTC.LIIO >Ke CO;\cp)l(aBwdicH B TICllIUHl1 npOCL6b1 .'UlIillITb erU1C- KOIIOD 1I:p<lro l1L'Ioca B lIap;I<lM!;,HTe Kopo.'[b .Jmu: ",MI>l "(OT{''Il1 6b1 06pJTHTb BallJe BHHMJIII!e Iii:! TO, 'JTO <ITO IIX npaBO O("IIOB,[(IO liill}J)'H- .QaMC[ITIL%HOM 3aKOliC KO))()"'ICBCTBa 11 KOIiCTltTYUl1I1 TIap.;rn.\!CIITa»'. Ha BTOI'!YIO IIpocl>fiy paCCf>1311111BaCMOii TICTlllllU! lliJaTh1, KaCa- ')()Cfl ymurelllHl II Bhl60pa COBeTllI!KOB, Kap. I OTBenlJl CJIf':I}'KJ- lliIUl06pa30\I: ..Mh[ IICJllaeM IIHKOro 1i3 IIllillero CODeT:l, K KOMY 6hUla (il>l IIpJUII)K!I},lil xapaKTI'J1I!lTI1Ka, 11.:1 III)KCHHi\.Il I< III'THllUH; T!;'MH, I{01Y> Mb[ IIpt'JJ.L1I[ cyny, Mbl'ylKe .11i\.'[H DaM JJ:O(13TO'1HU!;' i101>.o:t:!<fre'lbITIIO "I'OMY, 'JTO HCT IiIJ O)\IIOro 'JCJlOBeKa CTo.(, 6.,113KOro 1Ia1.1 no MCCTJ IL'lIi no .'JIIlIHoH K HC},ty Hawdi np[!BHJallllocrll, 'JTofi('1 Mb[ IIC OT.4J.,'IH ero 3aWIllIOMY npaBocynmo, ec..'I1i Bb] Dbl1lBHlleTe D OT[IOIIK:1I11H lIero 'JJCT- lloe 06BUlle]IIJe II npUBelleTe 1l0CTaTO'J1I0 i10K33a'(e1lbCTB nponlB lIero; H ML[ CHOHaYHCPJ.!('},1 Hac B 9TOI, O)(I-IaKO B TO >KC l-aJ.to(' Hpc},tJ! "'C.\3l'II1.. 'JTO(iI>I I<bI I<IXi.![I'JM'aIllU, tIT Ti\fo;OH 06111!;'H 1(.,1!;'IiI'Thl, KOIOfJ'UI MlI)I(!;'"1 arpa3lhbCfl IGl DeeM lIallleM CoBeTe, ec.'1I] Db! IIIIK0ro D oco6ellllOern Ill' HaJllIIa("J('o. \ITO)!(C KacacTCH Bhl60pa IIal1IIIX COBCTHIIKOB 11 rocy- lliIIXT[jetiHI>IX MHHIIITpUB, TO <ITO .'U11I1I!.'10 6bl Hac Toij OCfl:'OlIt:'HHOii clJ06cmbl. KOTOpOM u6.,l,liliuOT IJCC cBUf.o.mIb[e .'11O.l!11; II nocKo.,lbl\)' ue- CO.\!HCHHb[)'( npJBOM KopoHb[ AHrmU1 }IIL'I.IICTC5I Ha1Hal[CHIIC TaKHX ..'IIUt B Ha[1I TaHHb1fi Com'T, Ha U6UICCTI<CHHYlO H Ha HalllY ..'1I1'JHYIO C.'IYJK6y, Kah"OOblX }'!bI (,'JllTIleM llOCTOIII!b["m, nocTOo.%fo;Y Mb[ lIe,laeM 11 6YlIeM ne.aTb Dt'CbMa TIl\<ITe.'1(,IILIM Ol60p TIlKnX nHl\ lIa OTBeTCTBeIl- HbI!;' ;IO.rl}ll;HOITH, KOTupbI!;' BIIUJIHC itUK<uKyr CI<UI1 CIIIJCU6-1IIlTlt H 'JecT- HUCTb H B OlHUlliCIIHI! FOTopbIX He \lUJl\eT6b[Tb t.i"JulHUBaHHuf[ npfJl[lJ- IILIVJ\a.,'ICIIUHCJlO.>KIIOCn[&'. . OXpaHa npaBonOp5l,'lKa 6bI.'IaO.l\Hoti [lei BIDKHciilliHX t)JyHKI!Hil all- rm[MClwro KOpo.Ul, H KaIL1 I B CBO(JX Bb]CTyn..leHI1.IIX D nap1J.a'It'HTe lIeO.l!lIoKp<lTIIO <lTO nOill[epfo;lma. 110 BnepBLle, n(Ml3.1yr Ero Be.'Ill'1e- CTOO (lpa.JlC)! IIXrI3Hm" IlpaI<OIlOP}I,IOK lIT IIIJCm"3lc.lhCTI< lIap)IaICl-na- pHel;J. r Th Con5l1tllt'onal Docllments ofth Puman Rc\oIut.:n 1625-1660. P. 234 'Ih,d P235 
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148 IOpltillllCt.UlcacIIl'Kn. a'"-""ICKOII fX.'HI'-"K"...... 16401660 fllAon nap:JaMelll<l, KOTOpaH 3aKIIKJ'Ia.lao, B TOM, 'ITO npHBH.t'I1ll1 noc.elUle- m dlC JIo.;OKHb[ 6b[Tb TO'1HO 11'llil.CTHh[ m]KOMY, K])(}Me KaK C3.MOMY Ilap.!IaJI.]l'HlY»' B 1628 I"O)lY BLIllIeJl B CBeT 3.nomD.nu,IfI TpmCTaT no.l! IH\3Balll[eM dlpHBH.o"K'I1IH II npaKTIlKa IIap.miIll('IITOB B AJII"JlI111&'. B 1640 I"O)lY OH 6bL1I1epell3jli1H. ClIycnllLBa roM, D 1642 I"O)lY, tI J]UHllOIlt' 6bIJ[ ouytJ- JlUII08iUI (II "fil1OKt' reJ yKaJa1ll15l ID.It'IIH aIJTUpa) Tp3.KT3.T <OonpHDI[.e- nm nap.a.\!CIITa: W[1l cI.pO\lIu,[ii OTBCT Ha Tj)lI BOnpoca» YKlLl3.II- Hb["1 IIpHHilJlCllmM 6bIJ[ IIOUJHII1CH II pHl' Jlpynrx npOl13HCJlCHl1fi, Db[llIellllllIX D AJII">lIDI D paccMa1JXID.K'Moe BpeM.II. OnllaKo Dce 011I1 COllE'p)f(,"ll] onHCaJllIe .'IIIUlL lK'l(UJOPUX H3 napJJa!<leIITCKHX npHBlL'Je- nlj:i II HI1CKOJlhKlI He IIPOJllHJ.I;/H lilIllpoc" II JlaHHUM 111<!H.'HHH KaK Td- KUUUM K TOM.}':lKt' ;JTO 6bU1l1 l:U'1IDieHI11I 'IacTHb[X ..'Um. H.13aU'lkUJlJ.IIx OOCHX nMaT nap.rla.\!CIITa T('1a npHcyntII:... MIQIOM)' oprall:Y npnBlL'Jc- mfi laTpanma.1aCI> 'JacTO. C 1601 I"OM - am 6bLla, no)/(a.'Iyii, 01lHa )[3 GIMb[X pacnpoop;:lHellllb1X TeM Db[C1yn.t'lIlIiJ nap.llaJ\K'lIT<IPI!eI!. On- lIaKO IIHKaKHX CKo.;lbKO-IIII6yilbCepbe311b1X ycu,mit npoHClIllTb oonpoc o cynpmC"fI1 ilapJla!CHTCKHX II:pHBLlCruij, Hl1KaKI1X IIOIIb£lOh: npWTb KP.}'I}' "TltX IIpltB!.lerHi; Ka'Jt'CTI<Q OIIpt'll' lellHlIlTlt Hit TIa;/,Ha 116- !Will, 1111 na.'JaTII 'J0PIlOB lie npezmpl1]IlI"Ia.1! no MilC]1lI1O Yl1J1LHMa IiraKn"O)'lIa, aJlmllliClmii napJIaMCIIT lfMeJl llilO.'ll1e IIt'l"MIt' IIPU'IIIHl>[ 1I..'[}I TOIO, 'JTOOhl UCTdB.mlTb DOIIpUC ° (PaliK npI!Bll'[t'I1[}!X D 6o,1bwoit ileonpt'.1e!le[IIIOCHJ. ""p]ml!.enl.ll nap.i[a- MCHTa YCTaH3.BJlI1Da.![3.CL r..'IaBHbIM 06pa.'DII1 JJ.JUI Taro, 'IT()()bI 3a1l!lJ- IQ.aTb cro 'JJ[CHOH HC TOJ[bKO OT Ha:oihIlIJOCTH IIX COO"TC"llCTBCHHJlKOB (fellow.subjects), 110 TalOKe II B OCo6e[!IIOCTII UT D.<lBJlemrn KOpo.t'D- CKOII B.'IaCTlI. EC.'11] 6b1 IlCDJOIIIY Bce npJlmlJlemn nap.'la.\lema 6bLll1 0JI.H<\..IK,1,bI YCTdHUHJlt'llhl U UIlpe.,IeIl-et1h1 H He I03tIlUlRIIUCb 6bI1111:lX r lJIacksrmp W. CommentHries on the L1\\'S of EI 0xf0RI. 1765. Book I. P 159. , The Pri\'iJroges .md Pranke of Parln:ICIf'nu. in EIW'IIK1. Collected out of the Cummun Lawes of this Land. S""n al1<l ..11",,'ed Lv che Leal1lt'l1 m che Llws. COIIIIIIUoc!cd tothc HIJ':h Court ofParhamcnt oow fIc"cmhlcd_ Printed I B HC1!a1l- HO b1III.,UllEi tI CtIE'T Kllllll' Ilpu<l)C't","{IJ>a lIC"TOpllli }'llllUeJ>ClrreTI\ n,rrrt'Go.-pra )1(.1- Hc"-",li)lIll&prPa.'])'Ka.'''!I'''''lIQo!IJ'''n]JciiKOHLT'm'II''''''B'''''''''-'",,a.IITOpaVJ<a- 3.11IHOm"lpalO'aTallaablo.1eT(Pa.bI]>C1",""'(Rall'h)(Gn> rA.1J!,/llJeR<dkal Facc of the Anclcnt Cnfflbl:utJOn (St Edward', Lrn'S. In Early Mndcrn Pohtlca\ 11)_Camh"",I(c.200lPI98) -'Thc Pnv,kofParltdf[l.nt OraModesIAnswrtoTh=Quest,ons. L:lIldon, 164;! 
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r JIABA !UIT A5J JJ:EJIO fPA<DA CTPA<D<DOPJJ:A J]CJ[O TOMoca y,mTlJOpm, rpaif>a CTPai)xpOP,'J.3., OOB(jHCHHOro B rocyl(a(JCTBCIUIOH H3MCile 11 Ka:mellllOl"O 12 MIDI 1641 l"OiJ;I, - 0)\110 113 BffiKllciiulHXCC{x,rmfi rqJBOrO a-ranaallr;n!iicKoii peno.:ilOl!!lH 1640- 1660 m.JIOB. C o;\Hoil CTOPOHb], B He,,! BIICpIJbJC np()}[HlLUlCb BIDKHCH- WHe 'lcpTh] ::rroi1: peBOmOUUl[, C JlPyrOll crOpo[I!'[, lIe.,o ip3ft>a CTpaqr 4>oPl\8. CTa.,O  KOTOpLIij o60apm KOH<p_lUcr t-Jl'>K.!\Y npon:l- BOOopCTBOBaBlUUMH cropOl-Jam (j BO MHOroM npCl(onpc,'\c.1lJJI em CKaT('lBaJllleKIpIDK.l\<1I1CKOHBOHlie. C06l>rnUl, npo[ICXOJ).lIBWIIC B 3HrnlJHCKOM nap.;JaMCIIT(' C MOMCII- Ta em C03b[Ba 3  1640 I"OM (lJlO Halj1l.,13 1642 1"OJ).a, He 6W.1H CTllxnl'[IIb\[H. TIap.1J3.\leIITCKaH onn0311,-!KII l!ri'ICTIJOBaJl3 no 3apallee propa6OTaIDIOMY n.1311)'. Era C01\CP)!ffiJII1C BLlpIDllR11[ B 3I1a'IlITC,,%IIOii MC/X' 33KOHOltaTC.'IbHbJC aKTb[, npHHUMaBUlHCCH II TCljCHHC YKa1311HOro neplloJla. \fuCTbfO <JToro 1U1311H JlBJUL1CH 11 3ab«:e!l paCnpaBbI 11M 6,'I[)!{£Ii1Il1HMIi CaJlOBlllllffiMH KOpoJlJl KaP;'Ja I, caM(,[MH JlCHTe.b]u,!MH cro copaTJlHKa.\[(j. .l1alQl(,[ii 33MWCC,,1 113'jaJ1 np'[BO)\[ITLCJI B )\dicrnllc lIa llIellb pa60TbI "1\OIIrol"O nap;'JaMf'!lTW>. 06 <rfOM cmqe- Te%C'TIJVCT COJqJJIGiIll[e pe'le1J, KDrOpu:e npoH311ocIL111 7 nOH6pH na 3a.CCirnHHH n<LlaThI 06uum cnYTIlTb[ J])KOH nH),[ (John Pym) (J Ecllk )l(i\MIIII Py.ualrepu (&npmin i?JJth;erd). nepB(']M BI>]Cl}'IJil.JllJ.;KOII nHM. 011 Clla'l[L1a )'K33<Ll IGl Te Bpell- HI>IC SlB.,1C[IHH B CIICTC\IC ynpaB.,lCIIHH AHr.'Il1CH, KDrOpLK' HcdixoJ\m,1O IICKOpemrrb, a 3aTeM 3aHDH.n, 'ITO B IIIlCiOSlluee BpeM5I l[),jeJOTC5I .uBa Cpe..'K'TBa lJ..,'UI <from B )'CTIiIIOMelll[H 3aKOlia Tfu\1, re C}'IIIeCfB)'er IICOIJjJCAe.1e[IIIOCTb, H B nplJJlIHHH npc.!ImlcaJIIlli Ivrn IJCno,lIlCH(J.II 3a.- KOlia TaM, me 011 Slcen'. nOCJle lJ.;K. nl\la I"OBOpH.1 Ee[1D)iIilM1II1 Py- lli\1Jep.u. «Mb[ c06pa.nlcb 3.!1ecb, na'l,,-1 011 CBOfO pe'lb, - 'lToob] r CnbI>ctr Parlla1T'(;nI;.aJy Hrmll"Y Vol 2_ Cot 643 
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168 IOplti11Ct.5I1cacIIl'K"n. allnlllICKO" fX.'HI'-"K"II'1] 16401660 fllAon nplIJllaJlllro"IKOlDlb]M II DceCIpaIlHUb[ U3 )Kyplla.a3i1n'lklllllft nil..ililTb! IOpROll, OTJ1131tBIIIHC paccr.tO'l'pCl-1He em IlCJ[a, ObImt YHINl'<m.(.Hhl' He (;lIxpaHHJlnCb H JlI1'JHblX I111CCM ;JlIPi!UI<, IIP'1(YI<-IIJIIIJ(lHIIII1X Ha '-laC!;'JIiI- !H[11 Bepxllerr ruUI3TI>I allr.ll1HCKoro napo.'IiJ.\leilTa 7 u8 Maf! 1641 mID, B KOTopblX 6bI pacCKaJbIBa.OCb 0 C0.l\CViillIII1Ii BICT"VIJ.1CIIHH Ha IICM Ii U pI:'.,,=,"lbTaTiIX roJIOWDaHJJJ1 nu 011'1'110, pewaBweMY CYDbUy rpa<}J;l CI1M$PuPn.a. no IICKIIM KOCBCHHb[M .IlaHH('[M \iIDKHO CYDIITb, 'JTO B 06cy)l(JlC' HI1I1 6 , L'V)}1 06 OUaJIC 11 IJ I'ILIOCOJJ.1HHII 110 HCMy npltHlwaJD1 Y'laCTlie lThlbKO 45 .10p.!lOB. 26 li3 IIIIX npOlUJlOCOlJil..illl B nOMepIKKY TOro 6lL'vI51, a 19 npoTHB nero? Ho B Ill'I\OJOpI>D<. IlCTOpl1'1eCK11X pa60mx IIplI\(I.iIl1TCj! i!Pyron pc:i}' Ihl<lr I"lI.rllll"(JH;;HIH; 34 .I<IP;@ '-1;; 6fIJ]ilh, 11 IlpoTIJII3. fUC.Y/IiIJKTJJeHJJbni nKpeTapb np ft't1pu B:'If[H (Hemy Vane), .'lll'JHO lie npHcyTCTBOBaBUmii 8 Maf! lIa 3aC('Jl3.1I1i1i na.:IaTb! J101>J¥>B, rutCaJ[ B mIC(,MC K C3PY TONaCY Pay (1homa Roe): ",31"111.1 HlIeM EI!.J[b 06 on,u[e lpiIiI C npnwe.llli'lal)' 1.10pZlOBI. Mllorne IJ3 rex, KTO OKaJa.HCb 6b13a nero (TO eCTb3a CTPa4xPop.!la.- B T), ITJcynTHooa,u!; O)lHaKO 6b1..10 60 I1phCTHY[(J[I1HX, 11"'1 KompblX 51 m;IocmJ(lJlO :j<\ 611;l.'lb 11 9 - IIP(fl"flH HCI"O, CYJlbll J\lI.-HOllJ I<hll"Ka.Ja- JIll MlIelll[e, 'ITO corJlaCIlO CTffi)'TIIM H3Melia 6bLa&'. no MllellHIO HCTOpHKa q;ap,13'1. cDcpTIl, OTCYIC'11I11C 6o.bWef[ 'lac. TI[ 'KIpOOfI11p1! IUJIO('OBaHl1l1 110 6HJ1.'[1O 06 UII,Ut' rp-.K]JiI C'naW>oP'I.<I lIe,lb3 06l>HClIIITb TeM, 'ITO 0101 6mmllcb pacllp<Wb[ lIiVI w6oii. 3roT MOTlIB JlI1KTOBa. IIOBCJ).CHHC JIHWb HCMHomx 'J.:tCHOB na.1aTb] }[OPJIOB. 't"lI.cikTIJInc.:J]bHO(' o(lbOCHCHHC TaliTC}! IJ IBMCHCIIIIH IlO.'mTl1'JCCKoii 06CTallODKii D nOC.'1el1]lIle mil! lIepeJ1 npllllRTHeM EWV!H!>. ITa.,'JaTii 06- r B 1768 r BAlypll3.' na.,UTh<J]0plI.on6b1JIll "'-Tdll."Iellbi KOIIIIIIJ],(Th.-y\ICII1'On. 3114nu«.IIp<>oauwllX r>1'("l.""'fJ"IlIIe .1Ie'ta ,PU4>1' Crp.III>j>np', (CubLtifs Parlimnenlru"y HJstorv Vul. 2. Co!. 733) 'am lj)uWt>J I'P)!BO!\S1T("JI 1I11d\t:J>.rx'"R'.A Brief and I'erI'elt Rclllioc,ofrhe Amwer..ml RqJh",uf1'bom.a.> Earl ofS[r.r,brl., lllillrAllIt"l IICoeTII 1647 ".B QMar\', 8 Mal!, - roBoflllT(" II T]aM4>.('T{', - 6"!I.b nf'OTl'" 'If"V1 C'qrtIMIrp1il6b1.:1 IIpllmer JlLp,I,l"'1 npJIt}'loRJ.ruo ,..,oK IIJITb JI 1M KU!OJlli" .o!J'.....,W<Rb roOO('Oll;l'lO:oa "em (TOCCTh:oa CrparM>1f'13. - B. T) lI;tlliW1aTI> llleeTh "f'OT"" "ero; 6o.UWasI 'IaCTb em pY.Jt'II <fI('f1t"TW....U III0!1llpe..:1J!om1 (lIl"Tlllllll>l.'1 ]LUI 110)1(111)1.'1) rom, "m{)HJl60HTCH T<l.IIL'. ""prrrllll'IO"c:lV',ae IIX nnoca60J1""..e.. \'I",Jj"':lnl1 rolJOCa.nO})..11111le3llem("lllepTb> '3TOTpe:'Y'LTaTf"(LOCOnallll""p""(HIIT.B'laCT1'OCT"...'I.aB'ulO.".CCbLl""CL Ha KOM"ffapa llif'rnIIJCI-m\ YaiiT..oa (IWurth"..f')_ eM.. mull IIHr"lH IIOJI lIJ1acrnlO lJ:",mC""'JffiID.T""l e 268. I LIi.T 110: l'irrh Ch H 'Inc House{)fLord..lufltheew,1 War P 90_ 
r"lall"]I>ITa>I_J1C;JOlpil'I",Crp,ul.""... 169 II{UH IHIIQJ,:i,U<lI-1<It\dHYHC Cl<lIC 1X'11II1T{';thHIII.' H('}f(I.'Jl<lIlI1C '[Tl1 H<I KO.\l- IIpUMI!CC BJ[(';ie 1-pa<!JiI Crpaq,<!JOPlla. Cllp)'fUli lTOpOIib[, J[opLLbIIlO..Iy- qlL'I" CBe11eIUDI 0 TOM, '/TO Kopu,'Ib Kap.'J I HilMepeH pmorHa'il> nap.'Ia- MCHTC\Ullli <ljJ.\!1I1 B.-JIII."{ YCQIlHI1J1X lIilfL'I(JJI-KHT "!III;JOUI<lCHI TlLlbKO t'}[IIH{THII o6ellx ('111 naJlilT. He crpax lIepe,:{ nUIIOJ1, HO (}{llpt.'e 6UJJ311h pa3PbWil C na..la-roii o6num 3aCTaB1I.i[iI 'JJleHUB na."Ii1Tb[ 'XJPl¥KJ lie IIpclIHmluaTb upmrnHlIo 6J1;UUl 06 111I(1.,.IC' 11, KaK C-!"]{';1.rTHJ1e, Ka.'iIiH H('HaHII(.TI10rU Jlll,K.pa'\l 06IIII'IH }{lI{J()JlCIJ{"KOro caHOHHI1}{il l . 10 MaJI Kap!1 I, iL'LII HanepeKup ((fuIlt'HHUI1 CoPt'ITI1, liO 1I0LLqll- I-iJ.IJ1Cb yrol<OpaM IIPI1("lll}f(CHHbIX K HCMY !1I111I1lt,ilH.'tCHI1lO 06l1lccTH('H- HOI1l I\tHeHIH, IIpIHH..l peIlleHI'le (:(JI....]<1t IITbCH (: lIilP.'li\I>]('HTCKHM 611J\- !leM, o6peKilIlIllHM Il1<I<!JiI C1]1a(WJopJIiI Hi! (.MePTb. 11 MaJI B nap.'taut'HT OblJlO "l1)C.ilaHO IIOC!I<IIII1C KOJ)(U}I C I<b[PIDKCHIICM em cor.Glcm[ C 611..1- !]('.\! 11 C IIpOlb(K1I1 QICpil'1llTb Ka;JHb ilO cy6(Krrhl (15 "liIHf. OJIHaKO IGlpJ[aMt'liTapI1l! lit' tlHJI.1H KOpo!It'lKl<Oii IIpuu,(ie. B ((JUnll?lTItlf11J C IIX IJC!UCHIICM rpacp Crp,arJ.-pOpJI 6bL'[ Ka3HCII lIa CJ[C.i1YIOIIlllii}f(c J\CHb, TOt'CTh 12M(l}] 1641 1"O;{iI 06m!Ht'HI1e 1\ ruCYllilPCTIlt:'HHllil ILiIlll'He 1<b1i1.1I111<l"IOlb aHrJ[lil- CKHM nap,'laMCHTOM 11 npoTl1B npymx ..UIII. HanpI1"lCp, B nonb[TKC HHCllj'loHcprH}'Tb IYH.'«J"K'HTd!lbHhlC .JaK(IHhl AHI!II111 H yniIHoHHTb THpallI'J(,("Koe IIPilll,!ICIII1e - iI C!I(' IOH<Il('QbHII, I< rocy I<Ipn1Jt'HHOf! 113- MCHC ObL'I 06811I1CH 19 LLCKa6pH YI1.bHM 11011 1 . Ero Tat{ >KC, KaK paHCC' qm!fia CTP<KI$lpJta, HCKJtlOlJWl11 IIpl1 ,,"11II113 cocraua lIap!la- Ml'HTd l <1plX10Ha.IU, HII Ka:-IHU;tlt, IIpilll.i1<l, !IIIIIIh '1l1JC3 Hl't.KO;thKO.'lt:'T (10 JlHBapH 1&1.5 r.). 06BI1IICm!C B rocY.I¥lJ1CTBllllloii 113!CHC 6bL'I0 1IpCJIIM1L1CHO nuaTO1 061ql-lll 1-1 JIOPi1Y,xl11I1UTCJ[1O EO.!lbBloii II('<MrII AHI!1I1I1 nil(. <DIIH'JY, H(I eMY lI{tJlj()!II1.!I1 (J!;';IIQ(Tb 13 AH.-;tll. 31 JllKaU- pH 1&1.0 roID B Ila'lalY .'IOpJ¥H'I6bL'1I1 nIJCilCTaB.'lCII(,[ ,,"Cnrn,lI 06lilllll, mljJalJllUNOI B lIacToHlqCt fIajLIDtCHTC, 11pOT[1IJ C'Jpa fcopra I':JIK- !1II<tJt!ta (Q:OW' Ra1c1iffc:)', pbIIWPH, IJ !t(J)L'll'PIKKy em 116I<UHeHIH, noq\f I«1fOJJOffi OH IlpnlL'JCKa('JCJI K OTIJeTCTIJ('IIIIOCTlI3a rocy- llilpcTIJeHHYIO 113Mt'Hy.. r Firth eh_ H Thc Hou>;('r1f Lord_,rlur'n,«thcC,,,oI War P 91 'COObttfsp..r1run BI.3r\.lli..ror...Vo1 2.Co1.760. . y,L'''''I\J )IQ (Ii"illwm Laud 1:;71-1645), "mKK0TI11mmollcKJlH c 1628 r as>- XlIPIICKOn K<1rR'pi"..plliicKllijcl633r..COIlE'TIIIIKKap.'alnope.lIrtl031Ibl>JIIOI'POC"\L 'cprroprP:JrK.,"IIIKfi(1593-1fi57) BI"CTO'IIIItKaX..'\;!;OIlP:uK' mlKfi U,,}m Radcliff) - "'pJlCT, Q1.1LpUl.H " peKOp1(Cp 'lccTepa. JlII.;ljI.:ICO 6."I113K"M 1I.jJV1U."'"P"1 :; C,,__ ThcJOllInaI<;ofthc Hou<cofLord<_ Vo1.4_ P 120-121 
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Lallalll'CT.rn (!:loP''''p'IB,'''l'Ie'IolC'L''IOnllllpa;;<J\aIlCKOHBOllllb' 177 BaBWI.JM I.JJ-:kl ee uey.aa'UJ 0Tbe311 Ern Be'll!'-IeCTBa I.JJ JIOIL'loua' OJua- MeIlOD."Lll! co6oi1: na'Ja'ID UOBOro <JTIlna no.,,rn!'-IeCJ(oii 60pw[,] B Au[- .'IHH. 11 CTOpoUlIlIKH Kap.ml, Ij Te, lITO HaXOlllI.'JC1I BonnOJI!UHH K lIeM)', BOCnp[IHH.l1lffiJlllb[C CO(lLITItH B Ka'JCCTBC 1IBliOro npHJllaKa Torf 'ITO 1Q1pO.'lb OKOH'JaTC!lbHO OCTalnl][ Hfl,JlC)!{,1[,[ Ha pa3j)CmCHl1C UJOLI'O KOH- IIJ.U!KTd C lIafLl<tMl-HTCJ(1II1 OllIlU:JHIII1l11 "!IIPHbIM llyn.",!. I1I1t'pHble >K€ Ilt'liC11111J1 En) Bt'.ul'J€(Tlla IIIX...']e IXTdR.iICHIUI lTO.'1I1l11>[ llOl\a3allll, 'JTO OH aef[CTB!ne..'Jbllo na..ll"OTOBllTbOI K BOIille B Ka'lCCTBC C8()(;!i IIOBoii lIllreUHI[ KapH cl!a'la..1a UIf>3-1 BO' )JCLl f3MnTOH-KOjJ1 (Hampton-Court). pacllo.,10lKcHHwf[ Ha paCl'TIb!- HUll OKO!IO 12 "111-11> (19 I(.\!) lIT Ill.'HTpa JI()HjIHa, HO 'lB1t C'-IC,l 60JlC€ V}[OOHI>JM J{.,'15I ce6}1 H<\XlI,'[IIRIIIIIIIO] Ht'MHUIlI,(iUbIUe OT JIoH..'LOHB JIHO- PeLl B Bmw.:!ope I! 13 JlHSap>r II l)'.aa B"'ffTe C Kopo.'Ieooii I! lIeTbMl!. lI..;m B€.!IeUl!fI BOrlllb[ lIeo6XOl111MiI 6bI.'!iI apMI!>I - KOpOJlb He Mor JBI\I[MaTbCH ee OprallllJaUlleii B lIaCTpoellllOii 1IpIDf()],{{iIiO no 01'- 1I0weliHlO K IICM)' CTOJJIIUC. BHllJIJop JlBWI.'JCH 60.1Iee y.aa'iIIWM J1,.<lfl ,HOro \fCClUM.. B\lCC1C C TCM, npc6b[Bill] 3)\CCb, Ero BCJIII'ICCTBO Mor nOJlY"IaTI> 113BCCTH}/ 0 npOIlC'«"\llHIl\CM B JIOIlJlOHC I! B n8fl>1a!I1CIITI; 6<'3 rnLlblllol"OlIjJO"tc)PCHIUl. 11 }IHIpH, Hi! 1:,,1l'.l1..VKIIIII1i:i ,1eHb UU!;.II€ (Jt ht'.-III<\ KlJplJ.,lJl 113 Jb'H- HOlla, llanaTa 06il\UII poccMIITpe.1a B 1J:Iex "JTelilUIX I.J npmUl.lla «Aicr, ynOJIUOMO'lI!BafOil\Hii .'JOp,1\OB 11 06il\Hllb[ nepcUOCITfb 33CI'JIBHIDI nap- .'lB.\tcHTa C "ICCTa HB iltcC1TJ, cC.m aliI! YBIWIT Jl.,1H aToro npIt'lIiHY (An Act enahling the Lords and Cm11lnon.. to adJllurn [hi.. present Parliament, fnml pl<ICe tu plact', a:; they shall  Causef. .ll.aHHI>Ii:i <lKT 61>1.'[ 6::; IlpuIoll'AleHIDI ollo6peH }[OPili\"11[3 B TOT JKe ilellb n<lfLla1>leHT npHllfI.1 peIlIeHIJe KlHTb nUll .CBOr[ KOIl1po''Ib ilp",eiiCl(l[I[ CK.'!arJ D ropolle-KpellOCTU fa.;L'! (I lull) B MOpK- IlIl!pe. XpalHlBweroOI Ta.'I1 opyJKlliI M aMYIlllILlJII 6bVIO JIOCTaTO'lUO JI.llfi 'C.'.uUJRl\LT"""UNV<BA 3<'KlI'lQMIeJJUl""il:eHTe,lbllot.Tb4-l{o.1I1JfUII P'" >.rewro.. 6OHTOpoii no.ORll"e 1611 lIaa.rte 1612 r./1 Be<:TllIIl( M"'-IIJ1BlWU'O}'HIiIieD C",eI..- CepilH 114-rIp;1Uu.2002.C.I06-112 , The Journals ()f the HO!L" of Commons_ Yol 2_ Fmm Apr,l thc 13th. 1640, In the Sixteenth Yearofthe Reignoff(jl18 01ar1esthe First. to March (he 1'1(11. 1612. in the Ehtccnth Ycarofthe Rcn ofK,Charlcsthe Hrst London, 181)2_ P 370 , The Jo\'rnals of (11e IlolIS(' of Lonk Yol. 'I Beginning Anno Quano Caro\i .,_ London, 1802 P 50S_ KoPO%B t."""" OTBCTC "a "PCA-'mKC1lJ1eyrnejIJUlTb,.,.OT i!l(Tcoofi"uf.' II<f'"Ii\III>m'f'IIjIM 15..H....pn....roc"y 1-<OOI'iv1",MO 'l(jIJ[j"",rre;UHO(' IIpc."H a.,.... em """,,,,mpe,,,... (c". Th Journals of th Hous of Commons. Vol. 2 p.-reS) 
178 IOpltillloeu..lcacIIl'Kn. a"n"ikKOII fX.'HI'-"K"IIID 16401660 rrulOB :iKUIII1PIll;KH I<OUH(.KUI"O lHl)i.P<I:->.i!!;',,'leH!JI 'JI1C..'ll'HHUCTbKI I< 16 000 'ie- .'lOflt'}o;l OxpaHY KjJeIlUtTH  ClCian.a u6t'mt''ilm;t,"I HUeHHb[1117ip\11 'JIIC- Jlt'HHUtTblU B Tb[OI'iY 'Je,"lOBeK, HU B 1I<I'J;t,"le 1IB<lp 1r->41/1642 mID UH 11I1 IQIKOli-1llIIpll'JIIHC 6bl,1 HhlHl'][lH nJ fa-vIa. najJlCUl\.t1TapUI1 Hi£-IHa- 'lU 'lit ll./II:OHo1 fOT.iMa (John Hnlham) 1}11l'pHampOM fa.;J'la U lIt'pc,'{iL'l1l nUll em KUMatUlUB<ltillfO DUeHlib[fO O"IPMb[ flOpt,WHpa, npHKa:3aB 11M IQIK />tfJ>M-ilI 6blC'fIX-ii 3aHR[b KfX.IIOCTb U or lCIIC'JHTh coxpaHHOCTb ap- MdicKOIU ("1("tala npll ;;'llJM ({It' IIa.;JaThI IIIK"I<IHIIIUI.U!, 'JTO 1}{)cpHa- rop ra:l.'[a He MO;M'T 6b[Th O[elIlfOH (.0 UJoew Ilona Kopu.."IfOM 1I1i]'Jt', KaK 110 IIIX:/lCr.UJ.J[CHI1O lIap.!IUl(.'t1Ta ' Jhlllll,!lhHII (KJ.,lhIIKIU apMdkl{Hi1 Cl\.Jli\I[ UMt'!lCfI 1.1 R .;rOllJlIlHCI{OM Ta'jpe. 12 flHrop)1 nar[aTa,"Iop.!lOB O,w6pIl.'Ji1I1PUHfiTOf: Hal\at1YHe na- !IaToii 0611{IIH IIOCffiHOB!ICHIiC 0 allpeTC BblBmllTh U3 Tay:JPa - J](160 I<Ot'HHot' ll1<\f»lAt'l1l1l' 6e;1 KUplLlfOl<Cl\orU IIpUKa:-ca, IIOilrnep;l!\.lt'i1- Huro (:orJlacltt'M lIapJ[aMl'HTd 3 Ha GIt'II.VIUIIU1i1 Ht'Hb lIap.;ra!>It't1ToIpHII l'JCIIIH.!JH IIOCr,}IJllTh Ha/lO,J)!{HOCTh KOMCH,<tiUll'a Ioli KIX'IIOCTII HOBOro 'Jl';JlII<CKa IIM(.'(:'1lI Ha:-IH<I'JCHHIIIU KUplLlCM lJHa Eaiip(lHa. I1x I<htCKIfJ 1Ii!.1 lia C:Jpa JJ:M>tf"oI KOHepca (Juhn COIllJ( r>t 9 pa.'151 lIap,laMt'HT 06part1.!iCH K KaJLY I C nCTlUlI-!ci1 0 em Ha1HaliCHIIII (1 'Jcpe3 .nCHb IIII.1ry411-1 KUPlL'!l'I<CKOI:CIII';JarIlCHa 'Jlo' Y'-IHo1U II "1l'paX, IIpIlHTbJX lI<lp:Ii1tl't1TOM I< OTHOlllt'HUU Kpellocn1 fanJi, KapJl I HalHa41L1 11 }IHBapH Ha nOCT I)'OCpH:rropa faJL1a rpa<)m. , t\.H"",,,f, CKJI>U\ 6b1J1 lVJMI' B 1640 c a..' B<O:\CII,L<I oonll'" C lUaf.all.1UJa.,,,, II }lILU"CH. nOneCIGla.'13 H"ii"J[nn,lO'ICKO\I'ra}'.'JIC.Iq1ym'cii'"IIM BAJJr,"1 (cM..BlIJ.flIpE. TheS",#,ufHllUdllringthGrea[C".jl Wm The Er1g1lSh Hi'<luric.tl ReV]C,," 190.'iVol2{J_M79_l'459) 'TCKl"T ."."'IIIOIU '1OlIiIlua.,e""" u"yU.J""JIW' II 'fcrut'plu'O u."e .)f(YPllaJIUII na.'aTbi J[opilOB. C".: The JOllrnals of (he HOllse uf Lords_ Vol 4. l' 505 (..HereupoB it was  ThatsumeuflheTrHine<1IX,ndsof )'uk.Jmt.. n ......... (u HuD. in (he smd COllnty IInder (he COlII""od ufS]cjohn Ho/ham. KJBh"'[. shall ,,,th..U Speed be pllt inlO the said T'J\\'] ofllull. forthesKulil18 ohhe Kil18S M1gdZinethere. ;md(he ",,,d Tmm..md hert'llf(hesaid Sicjohn Hu/hamis(by ,'irtl1eofdlls0rder)w'lIIlIdfKIo,d tOI>elfonllitar,,\rdingly and the said '::jjrjohnllaihrnrJistOl"onlmand tl1e Town and Furno:; Iherein ..ml..11 Part,,,, "hu,n il l0l1rlH,I'<o s-h,,11 gi,'e their Obedience unlu the ",lId'rJohnI-kJtho 'and"'sh"no.........aBdlao.tly.that':>'rJo"nHorhntor"hnct'ehe shall..ppuin(lInderhim.shalinutdeliwrup(heTownol"llullcrhf"\l::;uine(here.cr aB}'Part(hcrcof,\\1thnuttheK]Jv:f,AllI:hnnty.sB,ficdllntoh'lIIbythcLor<haBd Common' now"9t'lnhl..d in Parlia]]Jent&) 'ThcJollrnah ofthe HOllse of Lords. Vol 4 P 50& 'The Journals ofthe f-inIr;:(-of CommoBs_ Vol2 P 376. 'Th<'jollrnals ofth HOllse of Lords. Vol 4 P 573. 'lb,d_P577 
Lalla '" 'CT.rn (!)op''''p'IB,'''l'Ie 'IolC'L"IOnllllpa;;<J\aIlCKOH BOil",,] 179 Hb]OKacr.l<l (Emf of Nro'CGSt/e), it oxpauy apjel[CKOro CK.aua nopy- 'JWI 06CCUC411Tb Kalll1TilHY Jlcrry (Captain ugg). Bopbi'iil 3i1 KOI-ITI)()qb H;t,I[ fa.!I..'IOM "II;')t(,.IY I(I{lO}ICt H lIilp..'laJI.]CHTCKUH OIlIl(XII1IU1c[i (!)Iil!;'T IUTI[ BCIO BeClIY H'JleTO 1642 rolla, npo.10mKUTCH 011.1 H nOC,le TOro, KaI< B Aur.Q1111 pa3ropIITCH rpa)!QallcKaH Boiilla'. 12 HIJapJI lIap..'lilMetffilpUU YJt1a.r[[ H::! coo6!lJeHI1 Teo4JJuyca Ka'lbKOTrd, 'JTO HaK;UJYlle B ropoJl.l(e KUHITTOH Ha T<"-!Je (Kmgston upon 111cmcs)', TO CCT[, BeCro. B TpCX MIL'lHX or f3\[]TOH-KOpTiI, 6bL1 33!C4CH fJrpH.,1 H:J 500 WIH 6011('(' KaKLI('PHCTOB IIO}! I<OJ\t3HJl(JlJaHHCM m),lKOBUIJKa JlaIlClio (llmsdoiffo. LlenyrnTh] BC'Ipt'BO)KILIICb, no. CKO.%KY B <lIOr[ "!t'CTIiOCTII ItaXO.'lIL1C CKiIM C DOOp)'JKelllteM rpaqr CTHa CapH (SUf1(Y), Ii IIPI1H}I,Ul [It'lII!;'HI1C (;lI:-(I[aTb (:I1!;'IIIl;lolhllhli:j 1(0- MltTeT (; ue.r[hlO 06cvJl\J\eHIUI .rroii 1!UIIH 11 IIOlll"OTOBKH COOT- BCTCTIlJ!OJlII;m OK.,lil.!la 11M KOlltPcPCliliHl.J OOCI.JX na.laT. KOMI1TCT npC,'J..,lO)/(I!.l HanpaBltTI, lUCplI.\j Capll I.J 6.IDKaiiIUIIX rpa<f1cTB npu- 1(<1:} nap.!la\leHTa pacUTh ll<lllllb[11 Olpflll I! 06t'llIe4UTb O;'IpaHY itp- MeiiCKIIX CK.,iI.!IOB. llalUlb[H npHK.l.J 6b1J1 BbUJOJllleH 6e.:J OCo6b!X 3<1- 1J1Y/I.HCHllii. I-k'YJ[a'JHble UUllblTI(I1 KOplL'UI IIIU)"UITh II ll<Ot' paCIIOp}KeHHC apMeiicKlle CK1N\b[:I,aJ!1I nOllfITb Em &'JII'leCTay, 'ITO eMY lie y.u.aCTCfI C03MT[, Uoecn0c06uoii apM1.J11 B 6.IJJKaiiIlIHC MecHU[,[. 5o.ee TOro, lIepUb[e llHI1 IIPOObllJ<JHI!}! Rap;ia I ;'jij Ilpei[e.r[ilMH ]]ot1}[OHiI IIOKa:-Ia."I11, qTO 11 CO!L1aT y HeIU lie 6yner B .l!ocraTO'lIlOj 1\O.}l'1eCTne: ilHl"..'1H4,me B ill3CC(; caocii flBHO He Xl;HC.'JU BOCBaTI,. Bllpo4CM, B TO BJX'MIII[ narJJ1a- MCHTCKaH OIlIl0.1IJ1PUj IiC MO['"..m C03,IIaTh HcOOXflllIIMOii ILl!}[ BC}ICHHfI DoiillblilPMH!. B <lTHX OBIIHX npoTIIX'TB)'IOIUIIM CToponaM I1l1'lero lie OlT<1.n.a.rlOCb /le/lilTb, I\ Jlt.'llt(U-KTj)ltpOHaTb ll<Ot' lTP<"-!.'I!;'HIIl' 1\ cuxpa- HeHl110 "!Itpa D AHI"..'U1licKOM Kup0'1-l'1JCT1Jl'o. I Ct. ro '>1OM: Bro:rap E. The Siffies of IluD d\]riBl! the Great 0,.;] Wilr P 457 'B"a("TOmJ(CCRpC"nnp"mpo..n.--...'lC"J-<a. "TIw Journals of rl1e nUII,e of ConIlUOIiS. Vol. 2. P 372 B 3a.lll."TKaX 06 )'Ka3.1H- HOM 3aceJla""" lta.aTb! 06"uII c,le"a""w..l\LJ1YT31f-... Pa""}",,, Hepllce.\I, m80p]IT' Cn. TOB KlIIIIX"TOlle6blJ!o""" 'l!'l-!o 200 K1tW.I!'pII("T()n .. nelllllX OOllHnB no. 1<.0\111I nOBalllle"JIa'outx.>1'II!IOOBCaa""KoBIIQJlKOMml<\ooa""eM,op""-j\,,r6,,(n,-,VcnJeY Papers. Notes of PmccOO.n,gs ,II the I..onj\ Parlia.menr. tUIIf' Cnarles I P"IItoo from on,gJnaI PCllnllTJel[U"""'-1a. taken In the Huuse by S]r Ralph VCITJlY km...oht, "",mber forrhcoomUj\hofAylcshuryjEd]toobyJolm Brucc_London, 1845_P 144) 
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184 IOp'LlIllC<kI'C"'.IICKT" allnl"'l"K" f'C"''-"K''"1I1 1640 1660 rrulOB JIGtI,[eIiTa era nplllIllbr II DOBce COCTaIJ.JUI_lt nO.l!aB.R]oruee 6oJIb- UJI1HCTBO. Cm.loii Ha"lC'!<Hoi1 ollopoii KOJ)()J[}[ f'ihU[U /!..)'XOI!Hb[C lOpJlbl- 11I1CI{()lIbI, HM€HHO Ha HIIX IIpOTl1l<IIUKI1 EI"() BC.Ul'JlllHi1 Hallpal<l1)IU nJaBllh[H ynap B "J(;'I(;IIIJe BeClibI IJ .1eTa 1641 rona nap.'-IaMCIITCJaUI onn03l1Ulrn HeollHUKpiITliU nbITiIolalb no(uTbnr yn.a..r[elll-UI IIHl.KUnOB 113 lIapJ[a- MeIlT.! nOCpe.'lCTBOM npHHHTHH 4AKTa, OTCTpaHHluruero enllCl\OnOB II il]}ymx .'JI[U B ilyxooHbrx COCJ[OBH5IX OT BMCUJaTCJ[bCTIJa B CBCTCKlIC i1.c;m (An Art to r1:rain BisJmps, and other; in Holy Orders, from inteJIljE()dlmg \\lth St'Cular Affarrs)'. O.l!!IaKO IJepxmm na.;iaTa uell3' MelillO BLln)'naWI. npontB YillL(,!lllf[ nyxODliblX .'JOpLiOB 113 llapn:)Mell Td 2 , B 1110HH ;HlfJi!hlllpolO'tOC"oua.,]1 IIpOTlUJ IIpHHJn" I<hlllIKa;i<lHHO- roaKT.I.! On.e31l Kap.']a 111-3 JI01IJ\Olla BW3B<Ll paCTCp5llmOCTI> cpelilf .'10P' 1toB O!lIlIl.1UUl1Jt nocncwltJ[a BOCno.'lb3OBaTLl'Sl. 3T1IM U CY"ic,la 5 15 4JeBpaml 1641 1642 rolla npoDeCTil D Depxlleii ni\,,"I,rre 4_fun 0 .'1l1we- 111111 lJCex }JIm ny-«JBllb]X coc'')O(JII}[ npaooMO'JI!JJ IX"ylllecm..'JJJTh Ka 1<)'10-..'11160 CBCTCI<)'IO IOpl1CJIUKIlHIO um1 I!J[acTh (An N:.l. for di<mbling all P!5'i(ms III I-hlly Oruen; to exerci!;' any TenlfJuTal JUTlSdl("tlOn or AIithority)>>'o. B TOT)I(e }1ellb 011 no.;iytlll'l o.ilo6pelll1e 1I IIIIJKIIC}[ n<La ThI, KOTOpa51 Bllcc..'m B Hero npll ;jTOj ilC3l1a'JIITCJJ(,Hb[e norrpaBKIf. 74Jenpi.l..'lJi nil-laTa IOp..'lQD Ha::lHa'JIt.'[d nBYx II::JpOB (1lJaIIJa MUII- Mayea II .10pilil KpaDt'lIa) JL.1H nOCT.lDKI1 TeKCT.I. Yl\a.JaIlIIOro .JaIIOfj()- npocKTa Kap_y I. Ha C,lCJI..YJOIl\Hii }1CHb KOj)()''Jb coOO'-llIVi nap.'Ia\ICHl)' 'JTO IIplUm'l (lK,[" 0 JII11llCHlili HlC"< ..'IIUl lVXOOHbIX COCIIOI<I1i1I1paorIMO- '{HH 1X"ywecTIJ,.1JJJTb KaK}']o..lIl6o CIJt'fCl.)'1O 10p11GUtKWUO lUll D_aCTb K CBOeIY paCC"IDTJJeIlHlO, 110 11e.'IO <iTO Ba)I(Jloe, It OTDeTOIi naCT B nollXo- D.JIlileel<p(;').tf.. 9 4JeDpa.J1 Rap.l n!:'pet'Xil..r[ 113 BHI-ill::JOpa B faMIiTOH-KopT Cnyc- TJJ na l!IJJJ 011 OTrrpaBlI.QCH OTl)'11a B\!CCTC C cynpyroH 11 01.JCpLIO l\hpl1 B it'B]} C HaMcpCHl1CM nOCaJ\I1Tb lIX Ha Kopao.'II>, n.bIBYIl\l-!ii B [ownr-UUllo. Ero Be.I1'-1eCTBO tr.I.11ffiJIOI, '!TO feHplleTIe-I\t."J(J1l ynaCT- CJJ npC)ilaTb Ta.\j nparoIleliliOCTIt KOpoUb] 11 3:Th)'nIlTb lIa Bb[pY1.Jellllb]e , '.kJournalsofthe HouseofComrnons_ Vol 2_ P 1')9, 16.')-167 , e,t.: The JOI,rnal. of t.h Iiouse of Lonk Vol. 4. P 25Q -'lh,d_P269 'C,..:£hjd P564 eM.. The Journalsofthe House of COIl""",,,," Vol 2. P 414 "I11.cJournahofthc HouscofLnrd... Vol 4 P56& 
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r "I1Ia '" 'CT.rn <I:loPMI'I"'''''III.e IIolC'L"IOnll! 1pa>KJ\3I1CKOH BOIlIIl>' 187 CKOM 6L'Le rooopllJJOCb 0 TOM, '{TO ....[ 011110 11!UO 'XODUbIX COCJIO- DHH He OY/leT ,,"I1MCTb IlpaBa IBfiupaTbCR 1tJII1 m..IOCOI!aTb, Lm IIOJ[b.10- I<,HbU] 11;UlIICYDIt'cnJ..rIRTb KaKYIO-JII160 tUaCTh WII1IH1.'IHOM04Hl;' HI1 Ii nap.1Jll.\lellTe <rroro Kop:meBCTBa, IIH D TaHIiOM COBeTe Ern Be.'JU'le- CTBa...&'. B 3aKOllC >Ke OT 5/15 CPCBPMH pc'J(' lllJIa 0 TOM, '-I.TO IIH 0)1110 JIIIlIU 'lYWBHbIX Coc.OBHH Ht' 6yllt'T "IIMt'Tb K.lKQii-..'mUu AOJIJi(HOCTH HJDI Mecra, npaBa IOOltpiIIbCH IL111 1Th1OCUBaTb 1L111 nOJ[b,.-KJBiITbOIlL'1I1 OCYUlCCTILl)!TI> f,2I,.yro-..'[UUu MacTh 1[.111I1o.1I1m!0411C HII B ni\lUaMCU- Tax 310m KoponcHcTBa, HH II Tai1HoM lOBCrc Em BcJ[H'lCC11Ja, em lIac,1e1UIHKOB !lJIH npeeMJlI1KOB....! (I!UlK:"JeUO MUOIO. B. 7:). no. 6aIL1ellHe D paccr&npltBaeM(,]ll ilKT C.'lOB «"leCTa !.lIlIo.mKIIOCTU" nce- 1"0 '1111111-> j(l;'.'Ia..rlf/ 1lCHl;'l;' '-itaHHYIIJ em 11l;'!lh, KlJmfJ<UI 'JaK!IK)4a..'Ii\Cb Ii Ylla.1t'HI!H JJy'I:OIJHb[X 'I(1pJlOIJ 113 aHrJmliowro lIaILaMeHTa .I11060n(,ITIl0, '-I.TO 113 TeKCTOB nap..:IaMCIITCKHX aKTOB CIlftlII3.'li>HOC ynoMIiHaJlIIC 0 l\}1'{OO1I(,[X ..'[opJJ.aX ObL1:0 113"bJlTO 3aJ(0.qro)10 Torn, KaK 61L'V[b 06 YlliJ..'leHiUl q,lllUnyxOBliblX COClIODlI}[" 113 nap..i\"Il;'JJTd mmy- 'lH.. CI!.'!)' 3aKOlla. B "AKre.u.rrn npeJIOTBpGllllellUl] lIeYH06CTB, c,'l)"JmD- 1I{i1.'(QI Bc.;JCJlCTHIk' J\Wlroro ilCpcpblHa H lXilOT(' lIap III\ICH["On!>, KOTO- pblii 6h]Jl "pHHJ.JT 15 111L'Hpa!m 1640 1641 I"OJI,a, pC4h ID.'1a 1/ HOpllla"<, YCTIlIiOMellll(,!X KOp0..1JC\1 "c cor.'JGlCII.IIJIOp(Jof3 Oy.\OOIlb/X 1I CeemcKIL\' 11 061ll1U1, c06paBIllHXCH D aTOM HaCTO.lllllCM nap..'l3.\lCIITe (witl) consent of till;' Lord's spmtllill .mcl tt'mpOr.d, and the Communs][] this present Parliament assembled)..3. Ho AKr IL1H npe.:oornpalllelllL<l Hey.l!o&-rn, KOmpb[C "10i}"T B03HIIKHYTI> BCJIC)lCTBI!C HCCBOCBpC"tCHHOro IlCpCJ>LlBa B Cl'ClIU1, IIpl1OCTilHOI!Kl1 /lCHTCJlbHlIl11t IUUI fIllllYCKa 3'["0['0 HacmJ!- Illero nap.'Ia'-leIlTGI", ymeJDKllellllb[ll KOpO!leM 10 MaH 1641 r01la, roBD- PUJI 0 npclmllcaJllffi'i. 06'WJB.CIJIILIX H )CT.IUOMeIiU(,!X Era Be.'JII'!e- CTIiOM «c CUI/]an!}! llupdorJ U 0611111H, lo6panllDlXCJ! Ii <!TUM HaC"lUJ.JIIIl'M ni1p..ilMl;'f]Tl;' (\ltll lOiJ.'i{'JJt of the Lords and Commons III til,s present I The Joon",1s of Ihe Hoose of CUlli!....... Vol 2. P. 293; The Parlnlllffilary lIi..cryofFlIghn;l fronltheearliest pt'tiod to t11e Year It!03, Vol 2 AD 1625-16-12 London.It!07Co1.916 '4BYilot11orLtyofthlsprcscnl Parllamenthenenactoo.t11atnollrc11tM.J...nr BI.JlOpcrotherpersontha[no\\ is or II 1t"lftt1"sru,1I be in lIolyOUHU.. shall at an y t,mcaflcrthe 15t11 I"-11roarr, In t11c ¥carofOur '-"rdc",c I:!-ar<ano-tS1X hllndred forty. one.h...."t'anyseatorplares"ffrage.or'oiff.orllse.ort'V'<.uleanyl"()\\"er.oraIIthority III the Parliaments ofth" Realm, nor shall !Jeof the Pn\}' Cr.uncd of HIS 1a)c<;Iy. h]s hc'r,or...(111eOilKtltutlonaIDor\]mcnt",ftheP1'l"ltanRc\"()IlItlon.I62.'i- 1660, &I,,,]., m' jSd. andru S, R Gard,ncr. Oxford, 1906. P 242). -'Ih,d P 144 
188 IOpltiIICU"'CacIIl'KT" allnllikKOII f'CHI'-"K""11I 1640 1660 rrulOB Parliament assembled).' (DWlf'q{'I!O MIIO[O. B. T.). npocro 0 «.'IOp' !<LX" 6c:J YUOMHHIDUIJ.I .op..too ",ly.'IDlIHh!X 11 COC1"Ch1t'-., I'OIJ(IpILIil(.h H I< IUICJIt'JIj"ODU1X lIap.,,,,,,t€tITCKIIX at.--.-ax - A!I;r€ IIllOTOHHOM U I.u<PYH- roaml c60pax OT 22 HIOII>! 1641 rolla', AKre 0 Kopa6e,1('II('IX ilellbrax OT 7 aBl)'CTIlI641 ro1l<l, npmUlTm! B TOT)((C ACllb «AKTc turn npUJla- HI'[ O!1pellt:'JJ€HHOCTII J1ec<1M I! 0 rp<1Hl1lli\X, pa"JNepax, IlpeleqaX I! or- pallll'!t'IIHJ1X .'lecOB. t H D "AKrelL'JJ1 npe.10TBpawt:'mm 06peMemrreJlIr lI(,lX npouCllYP, KaCalOl1lI1XCJ1 P('luapcKom Coc.10Bml. 01" 10 .aBI)'CTII 164llo..lil' I1 il.]) «AKT lL'lII [}'IlO(»UlO"it'IIlI5IJ TalIllora COBeTa l1lL'J ynpa3IUlemrn Cvna. 06b1KIIOBeIlIlO Ua.:J(,lnaerooro 3Be3iUlOrr Ila'lilTOr[» OT 5 IIICl.J1H 16411'0,1.<1 COOi'iIlW..il 0 U\X'i{lnl(:aHI1}]X, YlI<IHOIi.!leHHhIX "al<'llIpilleTOM ;:!Turu HalTUJ1lueru n<lp!kJ.'-It'I1T...., 11 IIpU ;!roM uooume He YIIOMl1l1aJ[ .'I0P.10B (0 KOpoJlC 11 06 06wUHiIX B :!TOM c,l)"ffiC TalOKC YfalJ'jIJBa- o.'JOC(')o. COrqacHo "AK:rY 0 .'IUlUClIlIl1 BCCX JlHU .l1,YXOEIU(,IX COC..'JOBUH npaUUMO'UUI ocyJ.UeCTB.UfI"b tI:dIq'IO-.'1116u CBe'IOo.1'1O IOpHC.!IHKUlllU 11.111 lJ,jlaCT",," era UOPMb] 1<IJGi\f:' YCTauaIL1IIJJaJUlCh TO})bKO «aBTOpIneTOM 9TOroH-aCT0J!1IIcroIlap.latCHTa»' J1;-fbnle nJ T,-I\{ lill< .J<lKlIHO,!<II(,'J]bHhlX .aK'lUl< 0611{l'II])(111f1'mi11< npeJKIIHe Bpfeua 4oPI)'.'lHpoBKH «nyclTIb 6yd!m ycmall00,u!IIo Hau- npeoocxrx}HeiIum.v lfupo'll'6CFiiJl Be'llPJea1JOO1l C COl.ltJCWI t:Iytoom>ix 1I roemo,u.\ JJupluo u 06/qUII, co(jpaewu.TCJl (! JJaCmOHU¥'lllap.1Q._me. II nO>llLlt:'m[e DMecro !It:'t:' {".lOlJOCO'ieTillm 11!JC1'Ib 6I;dem IJcmalloe- .eliO aemopumemo.'-/ .'Jmmo lIl1CIIJ()SIJ4i!lO nap'lllMll/mLJ»- '10 npo- H:'IOIIICJldICC (j AHr.'lI1U (j TC'1CHUC 1641 1'O,"(a YMCHblllCHHC 3Ha'JCU1J.I ILl.l<JTbI 'JOpliOD It O.l!lIoBpeMelluoe 'Uae!llle Kopo.eBCKOII D.acnt. 06paTllOiI {"TOpoIlOl[ mUlIiOfO npoL\t'Cca 6bL0 B03paCTaIiHe no. J]l1TH'lt:'CKlII"U Ha<leHI1Jl na.!IaThl 0611{HH, 1((JI.upaH !JCt:' 6o.rlet:' IIWl'lUHJ1- Jla J1(JJJllOIJ CBOt'MV nall.'[t'HI!1O 1'[ Cour!JeTCTBeHHU DCt:' 'lawt:' BbJC1)'n<L13 OT IJMClIl1 nap.,'JaMCIlTa B lIC-'lOM. BMCCTCC otAKrmf 0 ..'UlWCIIHH BCCX .11111 lIy.'IDBHb!X COc.,lOBHii npa- 1J0M0'1I'[ OCVUIt'ClBJIJITb KaKYIO-.'1H60 CIJt'TCK)'lU lUpllC.!lIlKUHIO 11J111 I The ClJlJ<litUliun d [)ocumentsufthe Puritan RevollitlOIL 1625-1660. P. 159 'lb,d_P 160 'lhid.P 191. 'lb,d_P 193 ;;lh,d.P 196-197 <TheSt.mJIcs:Ik\""MroJtlOn.wndon,t870.VoI I P7t7 ;'n,.CCn<1'iIlllIlK1f13lDocumcnl:s()fthcPuntanRc\'ollJtlOn_I625-1660_P 242 
r"lallal"'CT.rn (!)OpMI'I"'BilIII'CIIolC'L"IOnll!lpa>KJ\3I1CKOHBOIlIIl>' 189 WJOCl"I>v KOpo;'Jb yroepmlJl 13 <PeBp<l.UI npItlIHTb]}[ nap.'JaM('jITOM 1liI- TblO .lJ,IUI)'iI1 paHCC ",AKr 06 Y..'[Y'l.IIICHIUI IIpon.\: lVPb[ IIP'Ub[Ra CO!IJlaT JI.'I :alill1Thl I< Ha(TlIDIC€ Hpt'M I{Opo.rleHCTlJ AHI!1I111 II Mp.rlaH.!1I1l1 (An Nt for the better levying of soJdiers for the present defencc of the kingdoms of England. and Ireland)>>' lUll BCOKpall.lClIIlOM IIID[)'fcnOBa- Hln[ "M06H!m::JaWIOliHb[[ aKT (The Imprt'SSlIllO[Jt At.1:)>>. B Ht?! rolJo- pIIJ[OCb, <ero 3at>."(}ffrlMIt Allr.lIfllO«JrO KopO;'JeDCTlJa 3<!npelliellO npH- HYMJIffi"I> IlO,'I,![allllb[X Em BC.'II1'JCCTBa K BlX'lIl1oii CJfY>KIJe aa npCiI,CJlaIllH CIJOI1X 1111<Pr-fl<,RaIICIGI104\..'t111C),!C.![}"IZCB IJHC:i311HOro IJlop;KCH\t}[ Ha reppliTOpl!JO Kopo'){'IJ{""I'B::I 'lYJKeJe"mbIX DparoB 11,111 CIIT}'iIllltl!, KOma 01111 06HJb[BaJOTCH K aTOMY CBOIIMlt 3eMeJlbllb]),fl[ lIepIKRIIIL!l),IH. Ho IDlCl{lIjlhK}' MJ.JTl'JK H Mp.,IZH.1I11! HCCe"r orpOMHYKI }'1-p(Ii}' i!.Jl AHI '11111, TO lIapJ[aMt'liT }'lIo.m-JOIIIO'iI!Bat'T MHpoBblX cy.l!t11 K<lAWOro rv<JI1x;rua, Tal( )[(e KaK II ),fJjXJB u.m1 llPyrnx BLICllillX Jlo.mKlIOCTII(,IX .11tU B ropo- i{aX 11 ropOllCl<I1X Kop(lDpaIIHHX, npmBaTbC 1  1610 no 1 HOHO- pH 1642 ro1l<ll Ha BoellllYIO c.yJK6y Tdlwe KO.II'JecTBO 110ilet, I(OTO- poe 46YlIeT Ua3113'1e1l0 nplllM KOpo.1It'BCKOro Dem1'1.eCTBa, era H&:.ll' LHI-IKOH 11J1H IIpCCMHI!KOB, U oClCltX IIZ.!JaT IlapdClMuITa.... 3. npHHHTHe «OpAIrnanca JIOPlIOB H 06UUfH B llapJl3Meme 0 6eaoll3C1-1OCT1I H 33IlU111' KOpOJleBCTBa AHrJDlll Houa YaJlbCa8> (Op,'J,IIHaHca 0 MH.J]HI1JII1) TeM Dpt"oI{'jleM 060cTpIDJCH KOIl4>-I1KT' tq:JOJIt'IIt IJ mpJla- M{'jITCKOfl OnnOJULlIfeiJ no BOrrpocy 0 TOM. KOMY lIo,l)[(lIa [JpIlUR1Le- >KaTb 1<.130::"1"1, H<Jil4xlJITa.\tlllI Mll,lIUII1l'ii KllfJ(Lll'I<CII<iI. YTI'Iml 7 1!1t'llpa- !IHllap.laII-leHToIplUlM 6bl 'I :-<a'JllTi\H IIo.JIlIl!Ci\HHhI11IillpU.'jt:'M JIHt:'M paHt't' OTBer ua nenJUHlo nap.1aI1!CIITa OT 2 Bpa.;ffi. Kap. I cor.')al\fi'!C51 B W'"ilH'I: 3aJW[Tb[ JlCnyraToB ()T occx onaclIOCTcii II '-J(,dl-nIt60 BIJa)K}lW HiU[Ia'l.1ITb MJ'-liI.H1IOBiITb I}JopTrlMIl H II-IlUHWlel1 B HeCKO,lb""'I: rpaqr CTI><IX TilKHX JlltU. I(OTOpblX o.l!06pT 1I.lt peKI)'-lelrnylOT 0610' na"IIaTb] nZpJlaIllCHTa, 110 Bbl)\lJlIraJ[ npH 9TOM yc.,10BI1C: OH aO.'J)KCH IIpCJJ.BapH- I Ct.. The JIJlD'T1"IIs of the liouse of Lords. Vol. 4. P 570. 'YKa:JaIlIl"'Cl!aT"''eTO'Il"'iII[J]OIIIKJnoJQ,'IIaHCKOM)'KaJIH' 1[aJ>"'- , The Imprsment Acl , Th ConstitutIOnal DocllmenlS of the Pontan Rcv<-,/utmn_I625-lf16O_P243 
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r"lm!a IIIccnrn_ (!:I"P"I'p"BilIII'C '''' IUmllll 11Ja>KJ\3"'.'«JH BOIlIIl>' 193 Hell Ila,'1<rfOll 0611D!II'. 16 4>enpa.'lII naullbl.i 3aKOlionpoeKT npHU.ll.a nalJa-ra ..'[OJ)jlfIB, IIOCTaHOJnIB npH 310M, 'JTO OH Hfl,rI(CH f'ih[Tb 1I))CJl- l.TcUI'Il'H Em Be!II1'J€CTHY B nepmeTll.llx nOJIHTlf'leCKort 00pJ.6w. paJBepll)'BllIcik.ll B Allr. .'11[11 BCCIiOit II JIC'fO\I 1642 roM, "'JTOIII)' HOK)'MClIT)'. KOTOp('IH no,lY'JlL1 omlUla.1bHoe 11a3IJaHlle ...OpiUIHilHCi\ lIilp.'[dMeHTd 0 UeJUllilCHUlTI1 11 3<IlUIrre KopO.'leDCTBa AJlml[l[ II .II0"IIIIIIIO[!i\ Y;L1bC (An Ordinance of Parliament, forthe Safet)' and Dcfenccof the Kingdom ofEng1and and Dominion of W.alcs)!>. f'ibIJ[O CY)K'!leHO Cblll}3Tb, B npJ.lMOM CMb[CJ[e, uell1pa.b[I)'IO poJIb. [{rum!>[!:'[ opzumallc CTaJI lIiI Ut'CKOllU."O M€CHUeB maBII(,lM npellMf'ffiN cnopOB "le>K.1Y Kopo.'le"! I[ nap.ililMeIlTcKort 011- 1IIJ:-IlIIlllCii, OCHOHHOj:i TeMlnl 1[11( l\Y("ulii I<H}rrpll lIap.'lil.\ICHTiI 11 H i\111"- .'1l1lkKOii llyUJ[I1U1kTI1Ke TUru opeMeHI1 1 . Era IIpl1HJ.lTHe lIap.'[ilMeHTOM nOn,leK.O 3i\ co6oii ymy6.'JCIIHe paCKO.'Ja B nO,'IIITIl'lCCKort 3.'IHTC Ailr- .'11[11-. KOTOPb[ii BhLItJ1C51, B KOIII{C KOHUOB, B MCC"J'OK)'IO I"pIDK.'lilIlCK)'1O OO!iHY TeKCT YKaJaUllora opromallca 6bL'I Bpy'leu KOpo.'Ito npen.CTaIlIlTe- 1111"111 niLl3.Tbl 001111111 11 niL'IiITb[ .'JO))}lOI<, I«JTOfIble CIIC[tHiL'[bHO 1\.'1.11 :-frtllli Uplt6bl!nt I< 11.yllp. K.lp.'I ) I< 'fIX) I<pcM:'! IlITOHI.I(}1 K IHllpanKe CBoert c)'npym felipneTTb[-l\.bpH IlltO']epJl MJpJll13 AIlrJIIlII: 23 4>eB- pa'iH OUI[ ltO,'I)](1I1>I 6bL'Il.J rooiiTIt Ha KOpa6IIb 11 OTIL'ILIT(' II [O}lJIaJIJ\Hto. OrBeT Era Be!II1'JI;'(.TDa Ha IIpeiLIOh.t'Hlie yrllepiUITb opmlll.1IIC 0 "m- 1I1[WIII OKaJiL'JOl DeCbMaYK.101l'JllBb[M. KUpo.,lbI"Illdp.'laMeIlTa- pUHM. liTO nOJI}f'-llU np(X'KT op,'\I1HaHca 113 PYK rpaffJa CT3\1 1I0PM 11.C fKOl, C3fI3 V/lBap,'{a OJl$>p.1,(l. C3fI3 XblO Oy;Ha, C3pa POll- >Kepa Eeprella I[ 3mnp3illl.allca, 110 ...nO(1(o,lbKY <rro neJIO Db[CllleH Bi\)](IIOCTI[ lie To.'IbKO iL'lII KOpo.!IeBCTBiI B 06l1!cM, 110 TalOKe iL1JH KOpo- J]eHlKUi1I1.'IaOl1 Era BeJlw.]t'CTIIiI,T{)()H I1()Jl<lI<leT(.J,.!t't' Hl'06xo.tll-- Mb["1 BHTb HeKUTupue BpeMH DJIH III"() eru pacCMUlpeHllH; 11 1i0000\t)' 011 lie "iQIKCT (6c1.lOO"b I103lmtBlloro OTlJ('Ta no TCX nop. nOKa He B03BpaTI[TCH. liTO OH co611paI'TCH CJlCJ[aT(, KaK TOJ[bKO nocaa,IIT CoolO I TheJournah ofthe Housc of Commons_ Vol 2 P 433 'The Jvwl1als vf the I-Iuuse of Lord:;. Vul. il. P.589 . KaTaJIOI1lIl}'6_UlIIIICTIICCK'''' Ilpoll'Cl!CHmi. BhIX<UlIIIIIIJlIX II AHrl1111 B TC'IC' Hue 1642-Haa.e 1643 IT .nnKa.lblB.llOT 'ITo60.1blueocero6pollll{Jp6bln nocW!lue 110 KOJlcP-Ul"'Y KOpo.." II IlaIna"cEiTa no n<1B<Ulyop,lIllla"cao ""'-""11'" C"_Kprllillii 0010p YaKII" COIlIlllCHllii Srllu>en>r 1 G .. Thc FItIC<I Suhject for K1I1,I:"s Quarrel.: 1\11 Essayon tho.' M,],tla ControU'l,;y 1641-1642 jjThcJournal ofBnu"h StudIeS. 1971 Votl1 -""I P6$-75 
194 IOpltillCU<lIcacIIl'K"n. alinnikKO" f'CHI'-"K"I'1II 16401660 I"OJ10B np;DKiUiIlJ)'IO cynpylY KOpO,leIl)' U COOIO llpIDKilli'1O nOYb npHlllieccy MJpH lIa Kopa6.'lblVUl1JX OTITP.1BKH B rO..1aJUlHIO»'. 21 cprnp<LUI npHBC)\enllb[ OTBeT Kap.a I 6bL1 3a<Jl[Tau B 06cmc: na.,aTax nap.-'Ia'leIiTa. Bb[lIIoe D lIeM JKe.1a1lHe Era Bt'JlI1'-Jt'CTBa OT(lJO'll[Tb yrBep)((DeUUe opJIHllallCa 0 MII.UIl-lHI[ lie "[or.'Jo }'C"rpoIlTb nap.,1RMell"fCK)OO OnnOOffiUJlO. QT06b1 nO)-1To,lKllyrb KOpo.rrn K 6o.'X'e 6blC1]JOH peaKJUJI[ Ha <JTOT incr, I1a.aTil o6uUIiI pellll1'l<l 06panfIbCJI K lIeMY C npocr£toii 6e3 1IJXIMl''JellJUI illITb TilKOH OTBer nap,laMeIiTilpH- JIM lIa OpJIHllallC, KaKOBOH Hlor 6(,] nOBb]CllTb B nux YBeP('!!IIOCTb, '.!TO I[M lie nplL'lerOI pa306.a'JaTh ilelTe,lbHOCTb Tex, lITO :IKWKlIer paJPY- llIelillH Kopo,leOCTB.1 I[ 3IDKHraeT B AJlmuu nOJKap, KOTOpblH B TaKOM OrpoMilOM r..Jacmra6e paJo)((mn B I1p.mUlult... TeKCT ilaJlIIOH nerH- UI[I[ 6bL nepeili1H D TOT JKt' .l!ellb D BepXlIIOIO n<L1,rry. JIopLlbl npHlHl,11[ pewellHe npocoenlUilITbCH K lIell I[ nopy'HL1U qm4Jy nOpL'J"HlI,Y noc- TIlBHTbeeKKOJ)().ma 1 BooUpaTJlBllIHCb 113 LI.,)'DP<I, qm<t nOpT.-'I[L'l .l!OJ[OJK1t!1 Ha 3<1Ct'11<\- !H[I[ Ila!lilTb! 10pLiOD 25 $cBpao.'IH, 'HO n Kap!IY I nerl[I1HIO I[ Em Be.111'1eclB(J CK:DaII. 'ITO IliIMepffiaeTCH nOC.-'le TOro, KaK OrnpaBlIT Kopo.eny c nO'IepblO3a rpaHlIl-\.Y,exarb U [P(IHUII'J II TaM 6eJ npOMen- .-'lellll1l naTh nO;']lIblH OTBeT lIa npeJKIiIO[O nell-lUlIIO nap.,l<IJI.[ellTil 4 . Kap. I BbIl10;']IIH. CBOe 06eWaJllle: 28 $cnpGL'JH 011 .aa. npOC1pau- HbJi1 OTBeT Ha npocbfJy IJiIpmlMeJiT.JpneB yrBeplllITb npuHHTbli1 I1MI[ Op.'lHllaIlC 0 6e3onac1lOCTIII[ 3alllHTe Kopo.-'leDCTBa AllrJlI[l[ 11 nOMI!III1- olla Y;lolbC"o. Em Be.111'leCTBO coofw.II.'J nap;']aMenT)', 'JTO, npoYIlTilD I[ paro.-I01]JeD (. IIpe..Iell>Hb[M DHI[M<lHHe:\! Dee 1I{LY'JeHHoe H"! 11:'! oI'ieIlX nGLar OTIJOCHre,lbIiO KOMatillOBilHHH MILIIIIIleH I! U TOM 'JIJc.e npH- c.1allllb[l[ eMY IL1.11 YJ13f'P"illeIlHH opJIHllalie 0 MII.-'IHUlI-I[. pftilll.-'l, 'ITO 011 He 'IWKeT HI[ n KOe:\! C,I)"iae o}[06pllTb ;:!TO. Cyrl> I-U-lfWl<.eHIli1 KqJO,IH nponIU .'IiIIIIIOra ilKTiI (.DOllll.'[.t('b K TOMY, 'JTO nO.-'llIOMO'Ilie lliUle.UlTb 1L1aCTbi0 HaLl MU.-'IHUlleH Tex H.IJ IJUb1X J"IHU npHlialL'JeJKHT no 3aKOIIY '111e.lolirnalohhellollse<1fLotd'<. vol ij P 599. 'TheJuum"lsuflhHulI,ufCUlUJllul"" Vul 2 P 416. 'C,,_, ThC.lo\,rBalsuhhe HOIL<cofLoms. \/01. 4_ P 6IKJ 'Ibid.P612. -'HeClloii 1642 r UTBCTI«Ipo-""t{,lJnalllaIlCTIIIIItIOllaIL"."e>rra.JCaG!If1I}'KIC'I '-JU.:IIIIlIW. tJl>l ]31I3H B I(ae("nl(' OT.1e.bHOii WecTIICTJ>aHINllo1i tJpolWOpbl C.'l !lis \'CS uucr to the Lord Keeper Tther with H" Me-';'f':Clo both Houses of ParliamCBt, In """,-,n(orhc,r PCtl('l1nuona;mil181he IVIIIIr.a, Feh. 28, 1641 Dcrlar'l18 th Rea"",s "fly H" M'IJ"'"t,edothnot COBl"Clve hUTI",I(ubl.goo byaByprOJru. fonoerlymade,to\Jdtothe=eLoBdon,Uj42 
Lallalu'CT.rn (!)OpMI'p"BilIII'CIIolC'L"IOmIl11L1>K.l\3I1CKOHBOIlIIl>' 195 KopoJle, <I lie nap.1ili\leliT)'. 11 ec.111 11-'1\1 KOMa]L10NllilUI MI!.1ItIllIeII C}'lItCCTI<}'IO[IICH D IaCIit HC,1OCTIlT01.JHO, TO ;Jltlllb KOPOI-I<I ,, ce paClllllpUlh Knpo..'lh I<blpa)f\(!.il cor.latHe Ha T"Kot' p<K:IIIHpeHHe, HO TO!JbKO rlpJl yclODlJlt, ec;m <JTO 6y.n.eT Ci{e.1aIlO lie OpJIHlIaIlCOM, a nap- JI3.\[CIITCK[tM aKTOM. OrIlOCI[TC.(,[(O )!(c \I(;lill, 11<1 KOTOpoc nap!Ja- MeHl)' no.r[)!{Ho6!>ITb ope [OlT.lII,![eHO 1lpaDUMU'lI[e KOMaltilOBaTb MI[.i[I1- UI[eI1, Era BeJ[I['Jecmo 3,IJIBW[, 'JTO "all lie MlIIM'T {:or;laCl!TbGllliI TO, 'JTonbI Jll1U1IHb ceO!!Il(KIBcJmoii B.'IL'CTII. KOTO)J}'IO Eor II 3aL'OII(,! 3TOro K0j)(L1CBCTBa IIOMCCTItJ[!t Ii HCM, 11.-1}[ 3alltl1Tb1 Hapoila, 11 IK.-pc,.tarb CC B PYKH nJl}'IlI"{, lIa lleonpene.1eUiloe DpeM.I1»'. B 3aK,1IO'lem]e CDOeI"O OTBem Kap!J I 06paTlL BIIIIM3Ime nap!Ja- MeHT" Hi! TO, 'JTO -«I< HCI«(ympblX Met 13", HI;'KCfl"(>Pbll.' JUIIIi! YlKe Hi!'Ja,'IH BMeUll1lJaTbGI B nella MIIJII1W1l1». B CID131[ C <HUM UH DbIp<I::!IL'J HiL1e)f{- D.y, <JTO -«Em IIap.;JaMcHT Iip(!KpIlT KO!lKpcrllb[C <PaKTh] ,Horn BMcrna- Tc"%CTBa, I<:IJJO(IOC B.JUI('"!'OI itClmf BbICOIroIi 3Ha1.JI[MOCTil 11 BCCb\la oo.1bWI!X nOC;Je.'lCTBui1» II no1p;WBa.'I, 'fI"D6h! "UC,l)"1i1e, ec..'1II I1ap:Ja- M(1IT 06uapY.KIrr, 'ITO KaKl1e'RH60 RHlkl KaKItM-TO o D3fl.11[ 113 ceO!! kOM311.tOB3H11e MI1,11!11[ldi. HC IIMC}[ Ha 91"0 'iakOHHOii 1>.1[aC1"I1,OHIl 6hl.'ll1 !HI)[IJ{'prH}'Thlllpl'{:!IC1[OHaHHHI I< COOmt'I{"TI<I1I1 C 3al{()HII,,!2. PcaKU1-1SI I1a.1aTbI J10pLiOB lIa OTBeT Kap_1a I 6bL1a cnoKofmoll. Bb[C..'lyruaB em yrpm! 28 4K'Bpa.1JH, ..'10p,1lb[ nDCTIUlOBHlIIl. <JT06w «.l\11H- H"Ii1 UTBeT Kupcm tJu.1 {eii'Jar )!(I;' III;'PI;')IiIH B IIa.r[aTY onllult-t I!, no- CKO!JbKY <JTO ilI;'J[O OrpOMIIOI[ Dit'KIIOC'TI!, IIX f1a..lare C..'1eJy{'f rlpllo,)"a- HOBH1"b .HIIC no MYX 'JacOB noc,1{' nrL'JYD.H5I H HC BMClilltBaTbCH HH B KaKOC ;!,pyroc /lCJ[O JlO TCX !lop, 1I0Ka D HCH HC 6Y/IC1" UpHl-cUrra KaKafblH60 pf3o.;nOWIH&3. HIDK]1\IH na.'Jam OTpffiIllpoBa.'Ja ua KoponeBCKHii OTHeT 3ua'lH- Tt'JIhll() 60,'11;'1;' pe'-jKO 0611tHHbl IIP'1H}1.1IH Ile!lhl1 p}lil p".-IOIIKIIII1H, I-Ib]- pilJl[IHIIHX UTHOIIII;'HI[e K Ht?IY l1i\p.1i1Ml;'I--!T.JpneB I[ o6o::ma'JI[IJIl1I!X KOH- l)'p[,] IIX 6ylJYIl1Cii nOmmtK[t DO roa[I1OCJI110WCII}[5IXC KqXi.'X'M. OmCT I He C DnullflllV-BI to di"""1 Himoe1f of lhe ju,t Power "hJd\ God <md Ihe l..a\\"s()f th.. K'l1,I(dom h",..c plared If] h,m. forthc Ocf<;n("cdhlS People; aod to put it into the IIand, of ot/Jl'rs. for any indennite Time. (llis M1jt--ti"" [.ecter [0 the Lord Keeper rr,,th HIS Mto both Housc_,()f Parllamcnt, man..,wcr[0 [hc,r Petilion ("ro[J:t-ming the Mili[ia. Feh. 28. 1611 P. 4. The JOllmals of the 110""" of Commoo" Vd 2_ P 4.'i9;ThcJouroal,of[hcHouscofLords_ Vol 4 P 618) 'Thc J()uroa]s d tl1c lIou", of COI1IIII(]Jt'. Vol :2 P 460: The Journa]s d the Hou3CofLorus.Vo1.4.P618 "lncJ()llrna!3ofthc HOllscofumk Vd 4 P 618 
196 IOpltillCU<lIcacIIl'K"n. alinnikKO" f'CHI'-"K"I'1II 16401660 rrulOB Kap..a I 6bl'l Ha:-IHaH U"111 41Jl"Iill:-IlIM }'J(()[J,;Jl;'THOPI1Tb IlpochObl O(M;>HX 1Ii!.1aT lliiP.'[a!>le1iTo\, l\.dl'iUOllII1xor 1'>I1[,1I!lIIlI1I>', KUTUpol;' fIJOJI<.eT I[Ml;'Tb 40n<!l"lible 1lOC.'Je.1.C1lJIIJI, ec,u[ Ero Be.'[I1'Jecmo 6yneT ynopcrooB<lTb U HCMI>. IIIICKlLlbKy ir.aHHb1l1 OINtI 46YilCT 1IO.I.Hl(lICITb IJuI.KY 1\.111(1 II 6e- ;;QlIiKH{)CTb Il(:ex ero KUpCmeHlTH, ec:m pa:JyMUM 11 1\.'Ii\(Tbl() 06eHX I1a..1<IT Iliip.'[<lMeHT<I He 6yn.YT 6btcrpo npf!MeHeHbl lieKCTfUpb!e cpen- CTHa»2. BMl'CTC' C TC,,! na.!I<lTa OfilllflH of'i-bJlHwla, 'JTO ..,C. KTO IIOCOHC" TIJlJ.a.'1 FrlJ BC.lWR'{TIlY !.iIlb TiiKlIIi IJTlICT, }lH.'mKJlUll<paratlllUcYJ[i\p- cma I! Upe,'UlI>IMIl n{XJJl<.fOl\--wpi1MI1 IIpUT!1U 6e.10IliICHOCTU KUpu.m1 I[ Mupa 31"01'0 Kor)(uCHCT1<&>3. KpoMc TOro, iJ pC.lfL'tIOIIlJ}[X HI1)((Hcii na- I<!"ihillilp;J<lMt'HT.; Ubl.rllJ *l.HH.rll'H(), </TO 4n' <JaCnl TOl"O KlJpo I€H!:THa, KUTuphll;' IIplliJe.11! n{)fI B {.OCTU>IHI[e 3allU1Tb[ 1IJX-IT1II1 OfillU1X OlliiCliOC- TJ'ii, HC CJlC!laJm HU'Jcm, KpmtC 1'010. 'JTlI JliJ.'[}[CTCJ! OHpiiH.!I,3.HiJhIM II o..'lllOPHCIUI 3TlJU I1a.."jaTIJlh., </TO "ec,lU Ero BeJIU</l;'(.THO YJ[iI..'Ulll")l (Jl u,oeru nap,laMeHT<l1I KilI\YIU-HII6Y,lb OTlIiL1!OHH)'1U Me<"THOCTb, 3TO nUll- ocprHCT O!VOIHO[Y plllKY KOP(1;JCBCTIJO II lIaHCel r OI1)()MHb[fi HJ)C,1 :l.c}nC.bHlICfl1 nilp..all'HT<lI>'. 'JT(j 4:na na;J(lTa (:<JIlIa<'T HClI6x().![II- Mb[)!, 'JT06hl Eru Be!nt'Je<TBU 1I!M<£'IIaJI [03tJO.iIl1Tb npHH11.I IIPI1Ub[Tb B C9HT.,lI,)I(ciiMCCKHfi nBOJ)CII, 11,111 KaKOC'HU6YJlb np)'I"oe IJOlJ,'«WHIICC MC:CIlI (LP-!3 JIIJH.iIOlia H IIpdib!HaTb T<L\11>7 OIJ[C.hll(jU l)c:m!IKJllIIC11 na.;JijTo\ 0611p-!H IIOjlT1Jep,p-I'la (IJlIKIII{UIIII\1f1I110 IJOllpncy l{{)MiiH.!IOHa- '.ThattlusJ\It<\\'<:fofhlsM"J'""lYlSadcmaltothcf)es,rc<ofhothHnrL<esof ParllameBt concermng the Mi],tl.... (ThcJournals of the House of CIllDlIj(jj]'i. Vol. 2 1'460) , . Thai thIS Dem,d IS of thaI d",lIJ-'Iw CIII"""Ill"nCe, thut, If hIS I\Iaje>.ty tmll peTS,_<! In d,lt ",Dh"zard thc PeaccaBd <;afctyof"UhJS KII;p:k-IIfIS. un1csssomcsperoy Ibollr-J be applLed bv (he Wisdum and AulllOn(y uf oolh Huuses of Pgj,Pllt-nh (,h,d) '.T1mlthose(hatad,'isedllisMylugi\'e(hisAm."'\.'r.areEnerJuo",lu(he Swle..md nll,dll.-'....... ProJ"'-"tur.< aga,n'l the Safety of the KJng.aBd Peaceofth" Kingdom. (ibid). I l1ml ,"d1 Pdns uflln, K]J]lum '" have pllt lbenr.el.ws illlo" Po,ture of Deft1lleagain<tthecommon£huger<.h"""edollenntIDT\i!.hllt..hati<jllstifiahle,alid is '!JJPI"O'e<lufbylhi"HolI""(lb\d). , . Thatlf hIS M1C"tY shall rcmO\'c mto aBy r<:mote Part< from his Parbameot, It will bt,"R!\'_ U"z,1rd to tlte Kingdom.andagl'eI\t Prejudh,tothe Pl'ocee<1ing.>ofthe l'arhamcBt.(ih1d) . Cll-!Y Kap.-a I q\' C'I'I<q7IJ H.1("e!lJ<ltKY npe<TO.rra - I1Y'I..YIIf'\lV I(op<l-"n Kap.rIy" 29,,,,, 1642r ''''Y1!CT10_01l>L'JOCLl!BC!la!!'I3Tb.nCT '.Thatt1usHnrL<ehold<itllOCl'<SalYthathlSMiJe'tymayhcdes,red,thatthe Pnnce may come uBlo St. James"s, or to SIImc othcr COBvement Placc lIear "bout London,andthcrcmcontmuc.(m,d) 
Lalla III 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III'C IIolC'L"IOmn '1L1>K.l\3I1CKOH BOIlIIl>' 197 IIHH "IIL1uwle,l, nOCTaIlOBHD, '{TO "troJxmb ue MmM'T n(Mla'lOBaTb 6e.:J cor..'JanLII TIap.,JID,ICI-ITa HHKaKOii Xaputl1, coo,!:lIoIlK'il BJ[acTb" KaKoii- )11160 KlJplUlpalp-1l1 Hail MI1.'lmll1di Tlili Mt'CTHIIL"l.m,.l, TI.IITb peJOmOlUli\ 1I!t)KUel[ na.'JaT['] nap.;laI<leIiTa 6bL111 06pamellb! K TIa.1aTC .'IOP,:\OB. 06UUIIIW B(,]pa:iKR'II1 B IIIIX nO)](('.1aIlHC JlopLI,aM06'(,('- lLHHIITbOI C lil!MII 4D 1IIII«lpHrdlllleli llpocwe K Ell) BeJ[11'Je<:ruy, lie COHJDo.,llIT 'II! OH Db[6p;ITb l-etJepe:m,1eHUIII06!1II3 YXTMI!Hfl-epa. 'iTO- 0(,] ooc n3.'IaTL! Mor;1II I1"!CTb YlI.oollb[ii .locryn K HCMY no BCCM nOBO- Jla]I-I»2, a TaJOKC "" paLc IC)\OIJaHIlI! J\.,'(}[ yCTauOH.![CHIIJ! ..'1111(, KOTOpblC lIaDa..1I1 Em Be..1H'-IeeTBY <ITOTCOBeT, .na6b] YlliL<lIITb UX OT Em BeJ[I1'Je. CTDa I[ nOilBcprnYTb 3<1C"YfII'IiIiOMY lIaKa3alllllo.". Kpo\!e Tom, IlaJIa- T'd OOIlP-lH Iiblpa::111!I<I "'-C11aHlle, 'JT06hl ,IOpi{hl (:OI1:il<O.rll1;m Ha:1H<I'U!Th IL:J6paHHb[i1 KOMI1TeT, KUlUpblll 6b[, (oeJ!.l1H11DWI1Cb C KOMUTeTU\! H3 TaKOra KOnIJ'-ICCTBa q}]eIlOB, C03J\<UlULIM OOUumaMH, "paCC"'I, 'iTO HeO(j'iOll.IIMO lliL<1(,WC JlC_'JaT(' OTHOCIITe.1HIO :JTIIX pc.1O.lOlUtH. IL'lI[ Ka- I(!IX-JIII-50 erne BeUleli, I(OTOpb]e MO.-yr D03!1I!1\(1)'Tb no nODo1l..V OTBeTOB Em Be.u['Jecma ua npocWbJ 06eux f1a..1aT, KaCalOUlHeC.II MIUHUHI[. O>6paJ-JlIlI1CbBOH1'OfXi!i 1I().J[OHl1HCIIH}[ 281f>cI<pa.![}[,JlOjJJlbl pac' o.lOrpt'1I1 pe'-\()!IHlllflll na.'"laTbl 0611(l1H 1J60TlJeTe KlJfXUj.I 1111.illl6pu;m lIX Bce 6e3 IICK,11O']emm'. C03)1CI]III(,]ll B <ITOT }1eli(, COBlllt'CTllblil KOMH- TeT 1-13 npcllCT3BlffC.'Jcii JIOP,:\OB 11 06UlliH IIp('jlCT3BH1I1 "illpra Ha pac- l"MtJll1et1I[e 06eu,,< l13.r[<lT IlpoeKT HUllU"j lIeTl[I1U11 I1i1p!la"!et1Ta "'1fJO'llU all 6LLl lOCT.ID.oleli !la OCHOBe pe3U!IIOUltit, IIpltiUlTblJ\ na,liIT<IMI! no noJ-!(V (1ffiC13 Em Bc"'JII'WCTBa Ha ux npocW[,I 00 YCTaHOB.1CHIII1 nap- }[a.\tCHTCKOro KOHTpO.![}[ HaJl 1I];1I11111Cit. Pacl \lO'I'pCH IIpOCKT, lIap.Ja- MeJlTapl1ll OJrIOpIL'II[ ero I[ lIiI3l1iNI-[,ll[ JlltU 11;1.1I nepelIa'lH ("DOeIt nenJ- W[I[KOpo.'I]O. Ilap.rlaMeHTLKlliI 01l1lO:im111Jl IIPI1Jla.rla ,;Jl"ofl 11eT11I1(111 ;jHa'JeHHl' 1weu;lUn['JeCKuro JI0K)"leHTa: D Maple ee TeKCT 6bL1 1!::J1IiIH D DIme OTilC.1(,lIoli 6poWlop[,l OW\I<X\t B weCTh CTpaUHU". I ..That 00 Charter .an be gmnlro by the King, to lroelt., a Pow.,r in any Corl''''"3t]On O\'cr thc M,llt]a of that Placr ,,'thoU( the Oili'l""t of Parllamcot (ih,rl) 'Ibid 'Ih,d I The Jvumal'l ohhe 1I01le of Lord" VvlA P.619-620. . ACopyofthc Pcut]onofhoth HoII""ofParbamcnt,conccm,n,gthc M,llu..& Pm;cntoo to HI_' MaJc<;tlc at TIoe<ohakk.. 1 Mart" 1641 WIth HIs MaJc<tlc<; IIn"\'er thcrnmto. London, 1641 (D:!.'! """""" 110 1O""a,IlWWV lill.",wap'O, urCIO.Qa "'0)1(110 c.CllaTbB"1B0!t,"TO;\allll",,6po""{)ra6b1J!allilllC'l<rfalla.q02.'i",apTa) 
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202 IOp'LlII """"cal""I"KT" allnlllll"K" f'C"''-"K''I''" 16401660 rrulOB KTO 6Y.l!eT C/{--ymecTIJ.MITb B.'laCTb !lail MH.lII.llIell B <JTOM Kq>a.'JeIJCTI!e II .nOMIIHHOHC Y9J[bCC OT HMCHH KaJ(Dli-..'1I1fio KO.\!UCCIIH Ha\K'CTHWfC- l"THa (11t'utenancy) t)e., cor..lao::!JI o6ellx TIa.'laT TIitfLi<;MeWl',;, C.rlC I,yeT C'IHTan uap)'wHTe.'leM "!Hpa B KoptL'IeBCTD('..'o. JIopZl['] I.n[ ee. 4. Cnop Me)K.1l,y KOI)()JIeM" napTJID.lelITOM o IOpIf.IJ.U'IOCKU clIJIe OpJUfHaHca 0 I'tIH.IIIIIUfU 7 MapTa 06c mLaT('] napmIIIlCUTII npHmL1t COBMC'CTllY]O ll('K,apa- UIIIO 0 npHllllllax CBOHX c-rpaxOB H nO.llo.1lJCIIHi1. B lJI[C..1C TaKIlX npH- '111I1 D '"OM IlOI><-vMt:'tiTI' Ha3b[DaIICb: 1) "HJ,,[epe!ll!J1 nt1Je'leHl!Tb pe- }[I[rHIO» B Anr.'lI[H I[ D npymx Kopo_eDCTDax Kap_a I, uaNI3aB HaL"CJlCHItIO pUMCKO'KHTOII'JC'CK'y1O IJcjJY 2) BoiiHa c lllrn1[aH.!llIdi, I<bl:-IliilHHilJI J.lKOUbl, I '1J.IIHbIM nupa:-IOM, lIaullcra.\tII.3) "JIO)l(HOt' U CK<lH- lUUIbllGe 06mmelille npOTIIB JIOplm KI!Mfifl!ITOua I[ IDITH 'LeIlOB TIaJla- ThI 06IlIHII!> no KOMaJlJ\e 1ropo.'LII 4) «TIpl13l1aKu IIQ!I.[UJOIll(II K coona- HIiIO <q)MI1H!>. 5) Ortyr<1lI1[e ero Be,UI'-Je<TBa 1\ Yo\ilT{Q.'I:le Ycepm1 Kopo.'1H U TO"I, 'IlU lL'JfI era OTC)'TITBI[ D .'lOHllOHCKOH IX'3UJleHI!HI[ HeT HHKaKOii np[NI1HM, nap'l3\remapHI[ alliIB.iUL'IIt B CBO- ci1 ltCK'laj'laIIlIl1, 'JTO BOCIIPIIHII)I3I(JI" 3TOT ifJaKT «KaI( HC..'Il1'Jaiimcc Ha- p)'we!ll[e npliDllJleJllII [fup:JilMe[ITal>. «KaKOI[ Jlenml[ I[ npaDelUlb]l[ nyn Bb[ 6ylIeT IlMeTL K C'lacT[,]O, "JecTIl, Be.U!lHllO. 6.rnrOnO..'l)nIl1l0 II 6eJOII<\CHO{.'nl, 1«)(;It"UIIw..;m OHU. nup<;lIlIDl(:b K I(;;P.JlY I, - t'C.!II1 UJe.,1I1HIITeCb C IIJp.aMeHTOI 11 BaIllIlIl-[I[ DepH1>[MI[ TIO.JV[i\IIH1>[MI[ B 3aIl![ITC PCJlI[n!I[ Ii 06Il!cra 6J1aI"a Kopo.1CDCTBa!>. B 3aK-'J101.JCIII[C ClIOdi ilCK.qaparLllII ;lOflll[,] I[ 06IllHllb[ npOCJUH Era BCJ[II'1CC1BO «MILlOCTI[BO COHJDO.JlI[TbOTlliLlrrb OT Ce6H Tex3_brx H BpeZlllbIX CODeTHl!I<OB, KOTO- pb[e !lopo.!ln.I[ Dce <lTI[ onacllOCTII I[ paJ.'lOpbI&, I[ D033paTilTbe D CoolO IJC311.ilCHllitlO, paulOlIOHHYKI6_IU3 JloH.il.oH3 It 113p.,13-\ICHTa! KOJ)(J.'u,)I(c 6bL, I<;;TO !}I Ha lIyrH u;s fp11HI<I1'J3 I< 't1OPK, KOTOpLIf! 011 Bbl6pa.'1 B Ka'leCTBe CBOeH 11011011 pf'3ll,l\f1lU1ll1. TIpeZlcTII- BHTC.l1 ooorx na.aT nap_aMcIITI\. lIa:mallCIIII(,[C It-'l5I Bp}"IClll1H Kap!ly I YKa:;aHHOi .l!eK!lapaUl[I1 H TeKCT3 IIPI[HJ.ITOIV lL'\!JI i1H"!I! paHee op- lLHHilHGI 0 MI[.I[UlII1 3acTaJll[ ero 9 MapTa D HblO"lapKeTe (Ncwmarkct) 'TheJournalsofthHou",,{)fLords. Vol 4.P 628. '(b,d_P629-6::\1 
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204 IOp'LlIllC<""Cal."'1<T"all'-'IIIIl"K" 1}["",-"}[",II..I64016r,Orru!oB TlJ;JbKO IIl"apUl<aTb U IJrpHilaTb 'l"m, HO U l«tiproKaTb Up0T111< oro U IIPIJKa;JbJB<ITb, 'JTOOb[.;1fONY Ht' JlOBIJHUBa.mKb, HB'IHe'TUI HapywelilleM nplfBJ1J[Cnlll nap.:JaMCHTIl,"' ("-"yPUIH Moii. - B. T). 16 MaIID. B napo.lli\[(,[1T nOCl)'lUlO 113 XaIlTIIllrrOlla (Huntingdon) lIaTI[poBaUlioe npe.1lllKlUOB'UJWIJM 1II1e[ l<opoJ[eBClme mJCbMO no no- BO.l!Y op.:llll1allca 0 MILlHUHlJ. Kap.;i I C'fe.J[ lIeo6xQUlI"lbIM 06nHTh nap..'J<1MeHTo1pIJHM, 'ITU "OH t1,ICTIL'JbKOIDm1Tnl U npl111H !ell!HX nap- o.IaMCHTa, 'JTO IOIOH U BIIPC}[I, OntCHIITb ;no6ml Cl{LIHCHHhlii AKT, OTIIOCIITC,%I10 KOTOporo EM}' J¥IAYT IJIKPoPM1iUIIIO, '11'0 011 nOCH!"aCT ua npIlBll'[Cnnr. n(BTO!Y Oil ())!(]1.,'\aCT pmmoH IDnLl B 11(1" 06 1f3BCCT- IIb!X H lleocnoplIMb[X npuBII.1Ift1!Hx Ero Be.(1'Jecrlla (KaKOBb[e RIIJIH- IOTOI npllBf!J[enIJU.!H KupoJ[eocm<t; qJelili K{Jf0Pb[X, OH yueJJeH, <PYH- Wl\1I,'HT;L;JbHOii Jll<JUllYfCH npI11<IL;Jcnm, 3iIllIK111<1IOlJlitll I (l}I:-(blHWfb En) nWLliIHHhlX nOI<I1HOH<1Tbor \tY-JIIJOO AKTY, npllKa3Y 11JlU IIpek mlCmUIIO, Ha KOTOpblC Ero BC,I1'KCTBO t1C .na. CBOCro COrJlacHR. If liIJIO'IIy EMY npenC13BJlReTCR lIeOOxomI"!LIM ony6.'1UKOBaTh, 'ITO Oil UIKIIJIat'T II HalTORWHM -rpe6yeT nOBlIIIOBeflll.ll 01' Deex Ero ..'UU6IUIIX nOlljlailllbTX K YCTaIlOB..'JeIUlbIM 3aKo1la,\1; II 'ITO OIlU lie npezmO!l<lr<IJOT, Ha OCHUBaHIIH K<lKOlh'JI!OO IIIUlJUPKII npl1K<1::1UIi 1!1m Op,ulHaHca (B 1'{aJ-Jml KOmpo.l'O Ero BC1111'1CCTBO lie yqac1u::ma.![), KaCalO!llcrocH MIIJlHl\IIU (lL:m KaKOH-TO nplroii B('lUH). lle,laTL Will }[CnO!llI.llTL TO, '1TO He nO.l!TBepJKlleIiO ilTII"!H 3aKOllilMH; Ero Be!IU'Jecmo pelllH. IIC no,llUlTb co6cruelilible 3aKOllb] I -rpe6oBaTb nOBHIlOBemrn. HM OT Bcex CD/1IR:n01l.ili1HHb[M.! r «The Lord, >Ire uf Op,mun, That when the Parli ment. "f1id, is the 'IIpIDIII' Court of IhlS KIII$llIIIi, hall declare \lilal thc lAw of the Land ,s, to h",.c That not unl''1uesllUned>lml"{)nIed.bllt wnlradded.>lnd..Cumm.md that it shuuklnot be obeyoo, IS >I Breach of the POll"i,'" of Par],amento (TheJoumals of thc House of c.....IIl""'VuL2.P.481) , oHe th,oks It nele.>my to deda", that. !IS He hath ken S!J tmkr of the Pri'ilegesofParliament.[hat lie hath he€/'I ready and fOl\'.ard [0 retract any Act of HJS mm, ,,-hil-h He halh ken mfl>r1l1tl! ha!h lIuILho,d "pon the Pri\"ile,/(es: S!J He t"\fJ<'<Uan t'Qllal Tt'lllll1lt'...... in the", of !lis '-hjo.'M)"s k/'lown and IInqlll'Stiona111e Pri.deges <,,1mh >Ire the P,wdeges of the IGngdum); ",nl}]\g>\ ..-hid1. He i, ",,"ured, it "iI fundamental ooc. that HIS lIhJC("L' cannot he ohh,goo tov ilny Act. Order. 0'. Injunction [o\\hkhllisM........yha[hllotgi\.enHisClJllS>1n 1[hereforell..[11inks II OLtopuhllsh, That H"C'<I""'CIS...nd herehy rc<]lIIre,. Ohcrj,,,ncefmm:aU HIS 10jngSuh;t-ro;totheLl\\t"<t<Uish€d.:andthattheypllt"illlnenot.llponilnyr...Ftffil"F ofOrdcrsorOrd,nance(to\lilll"h HIS Majesty ,sno Pany).concem'the Mllma, (or ill'}' other Th,). torlO<1l"C'<I:QIIC "11at,, not w:arraotoo hv those La"... HIS Majesty bellJ,gr=Ivoo toobse!"\,..the Law, H,m"-']( >lnd (Q rc<]1IIr<' Ohcd,cncetothemfromall HISSu (TheJlI,,""",()fthe Hou'Cof Lords_ Vol. 4 P 647) 
r"lm!a IIIccnrn_ (!1"pMI'p"BilIII'C '''' IUmllll 11Ja>KJ\3"'.'«JH BOIlIIl>' 205 Cllllp Ml?K,,'1.)' KOplLlCM U II;;IUi\.\It'HTOM 110 IIOHO)"y 1Ip..IIIH;;HCa II M11.'[H1U1I1 61>[,1 (j Ht'KUIUpO'II Otl>lC"It' UklpO'II 0 KOtfTPO;It' HiVlIJUt'HHOii ("II.10M B rpaIJx-rnax .lI.aHllblH KOHTpo.b IIMe;1 6o.1bwoe 3Ha'JeHile lIoUI KOfXJ!Ul, II OH C<IM IIpI1"-lHClHiL1. :!TO. CPl.'/[I1 YKa:-\<lHuii KaP._CI I CHIIIIM IIpt'/[n<lHITt'xH!I-t Ha lIepetnHOpa.'( C Ilpe,:{CfiII<IITe.rlMu lIiIp'kl"l'HTa B HHBape 1645 I"OlIiI t'CTb l".1t''lUlUee t'ro 3aMt''1;;HHe, KiK;;1OIl{t'eOI "111- !lIlI{HW 3"ro Ollf)<:ill.';ll.'HHO caMbl11 1IQ,'vtlWllIlI1l1 IIpCilll-lCT !lJm KO]X>- !]t'HlI(UIlI ("IIOpa; TaK KaK 6e.J He!;' K(1j10!It'HlKitH IUacT!> t'CTb Ht' 'JTO I[HOe, KaK Tt'Hb, II IY OHi! lil! B Kuei'1 "Iepe He ,lll.o1"'HiI 6bITb 6polliCl1a. HO CC (:.,IC,,-Vt-'l 1I0)li!CP)((HBaTb, COf..'[i!l-HO 11:JBCCTHbIM I!)CB- HIIM 3i1K(IH<tJ\1 CT"paHhll>l, n(}("'laHI1!;' Kap.rlCi I IIap lcI'-'t'Hl)' OT 15 "Iapra 1641 1642 l"Oili'I lI0Ka3h[lJaeT, '1TO UIOp 0 KOHTPQ;It' lia.1 II-tI!-;lHlUleii, pa:WOPCBlllllilDI Ii AHI!1II1I B!'CI-JOB 1642 R\,ta. IIMC_I (j JIPY'YIO iHJ.'I.n- 1I;It'K)'. K<JllJPaH /J;UI oUeHX 1IfJ!IH!l<o60pcnIYKIII1I1X Cropoll 61>[;1;; Ha- MliOro BWKHet' npoD.:It'Mb[ KOtfTpo..1J1 Hall '-It'C111b["!H 11UeHHb1!1-tli I):.up-- MHpOHaHIIHMII 3m 6bLI CIiOp 0 UpCJlC.r11lX B.;JaCTIJ KOpO.)}[ H lIap_JaMCH- Ta. II Kllj11I;JCl<CKUX IlpefJIll"ilTIlHa.X U IIClp.I<IMl'HTtKUX IIpIllUl-Jll'llUlX, 0 xap;lKTt'pt' .iCll\()HOJliITt'II>H0I1 B.'[a(T11 II () TOM, KOMY OHa UpUHaJI.1t'- >KJ1r. KOHCTIII\1{IIOHHblii xap.n<1"(1) KOHllulllaa I..V HOfIOl"'111I1ap' !]att'Hll)M 110 '1I1I11Oil.Y UJJilHHaH("i! () Mlt}!lll{lm t'lIle 6QJlet' H(HO IIpOCry- rulCT B lIoc.;laHlJH Kap.1a 1 nap!I<WCI-ITapHHM, i{aTI1pOBaHHOM 1 arIj)(,JlH 1642 roj@. KUPO;lb 1111('3-1 I< HeM' "O/[HIDW IIO'ICI\ty m.Kal O;l,ofiPfITb I<aln npI1-I (t,UIIIJ)hlii Hhl Ha:-IblHiIl'Tl.' 1Jl"-IOM OT MIt,;tl1l1l1l1) J\lI;OKCH OblTb iL'UI HCro IJpnOCTaHOBKOjj, 1\1b[ He MO>J;CN OOIlJ1Tb; 'ITO KaC:fC'JCH , ..Th,s IS .ert.ainly th fIttest sulJ.ie<-t for Kings QuIJ1dI. for wilhou! It the KII]g]\I I'u,,"cr IS but awdo,,- and tmffi...,upon no mCH"S to bcqlllUcd, bill to be m,rinlained ll"Ordingtollleamientknowflel...""uftheumd&(Lhm...I.Dir",tioru; for my U.,bridge WIJIII;N.a.."""'" , Th I<Jngs Cabmet oJ",nffl: or "rnun JI',ekets of secretletiersandpapt'l'S.\\n)lt1'I\\"j[htheKing<>o\\"flllandand........,inhisCabilletat Na,by-Fit-Id,juneI4 1645.IJ"',ll1:onoll'Sil-Tho....."F.tn-f.....\\ohe...'m1lLnJln of Stolte. [rrd;l to the jllstifLcatioll of that cause. for \\J]kh :-'ir Thom Fairfax jovnedbmlclllbatmenlOri bI...hyare(Ie.. laidupen;toge[her. \IithsoJlle nnolltir_ dlU'u.p"n PlIbl,_,hcd by spenan On1crofthcPtwlIO nl l.orraon, 1645, P 26) , COBpt'MelllIblii 1\1 plIl(allCl(llii I!CTOplll( )\(;Jmob rp!lu5epr 11'l3t<.t. I 6011(XX {) TOM, ..I<TO Coa.'I<ICT npaRD - OIIIP. I<OfJO.-'b, fIOC'J>"'JC1U1\I -.anJH01.iITC",cT""RaIlII B B"p. 1\t('tIT\' (T e. tll(aecTBe l«)poJI B nap.1i!N Ifft')_ LUlI(Opo.1.b. OP.lblll 061[1I111b1 """TpllpaBllblCClYf'/1YlIlIllalOlIII.C).lI(IJ..-"""'PI(l(opo.n, ,0p.o.L'II06IlI.IlllblBIlap.r1a. "HT) _ dtapitilHaJ[hHOii np06.'j(,'\It)ti (CMH,WIi\TOro CTOCT'IjI.. (Gw nb '1'..f R. Subjects and So. The Grand Controversy over Legal Y"ErElWoI, III Stuart  Cambnd. 1981 P 18) 
206 IOpltilleumcacIIl'KT" alln..ikKO" I"'''''-Offll,'lll 1640-1660 rrulOB M]o.nlIl!1iI (KoropylO MbI ocema C'-JIlTaJIH Ilf06xomlMbIM }"lpe1UITb), Mb! m[KO[l!,a HC OTpHlla.rn[ TO, lITOCK83a.1lI HaM IJ HalllCM OTBCTcrn. 28 }IHHapf] Ha IICTIIIIIIIII ITa.aaThl 116I1I11H, 1160 Mbl npUHI1Mal'M .IUll ('-1" IiC]CllO'leJllleM KopnopauHi1): MbI OTpHlk1eM To.;I(,KO cnoc06. BM Tpe- 6yCTC cc (MII.nll\IIIO. B. To.) nyrcM Op,1\lIlIaIlCa; (j C TIlKHM npc1lllc.10- m1tM, lia KUmpOe MbI He MlJJI<.e'I CUrJlanITbOI HI1 110 ClipaBe11.'lIlp(X""1ll I( I-fullIeMY ,l{lIClOIIIICTBY, Hii BCJ/t:'.JCIDlie lIeBII1IOBllUlTII. BM 0TCTpa- H51CTC I-fuc OT KaJ(()Ji-JmOO BIJaC"IlI B paClIopHl«'IIIIII CIO 1[.111 OCYIlICCTB- 'ICHHII cc 1iICCTC C BaIlm; (j Ha IipC"U[ lOllCpIllCHHO HCOrpaHlI'iCHHOC MbI roBopM BaM, 'ITO Bee CJ}E'Jlam[ 6b], p1.3pffIIIUI] 6bI ."IUuaM (c YJm3<1I1I1(,IM I[CKmO<lelllleII-I), 110 M(,] )!(e.;taeM 6IL'JJIH, e.iUlIlCTBeuuoro :l.lI(lfIlITHIII1I l"Tapllni 1I1O{:06a 116K-Ib1Han I-fuJIIUX ITo;LIiIHHbIX. Mbl 'Jpe:;lJbI'iaf[HU Heyll:OBJle1UOpt:'IiHb[ reM, 'iTOco60f[ Ilpe.!lCT.lBJ[eT UPllU- lIallC, HO BnOJlIIC Y,[\01L1eTBOpcH('] TCM. 'iTO &3 lIarncro comaCIUI 011 UlNTO, HUmJ(,lBalOWllii: H nOC.1C !l0_11"O1"O BPC"fCHU, npoBCgCUHOro B ;}TOM cnope, O'-JemL'lHO, 'ITO HeI.ii.'lOiIJIMOCTb 11 UffilCIIUCTb lit' 6bL] CTO.ilb lIeJI36e"AQlb]MH. Ii DIJOmie MOJl(IIO 6bLO 6bI nOnrUiDiJll1"b 6I.JMb. EC,11i OH CIIIC 6yJICT locraR;ICU, C to &MfhIM OTHOIIICHHCM K Ha.\! H 'iaoomii 0 HaIlIl'M HaflO'lJ;' I< orpaHU'il'HIII1 1J,;taCHI It I< }[IJ}'nlx dJCTlmTI'.rlhCTBaX, MbI OTKIDKCMCfI OT Bcem, <{TO npeJK,B.e BbICKa:m.rn[ B IlGiWC'-! OTBeTe ua Balli IIpKa3: IilialiC M(,] !lOJI)]OI(,] 6YCM 06N1BHT[' EJC('\fY MlipY, <{TO M..I HH'-JeM Ht' ynoll!leTnupeHb[ 1[."111 HaM HaLlO 6ynt'T IlOOIJO!IIITb KUllliI- 111I6Y.l!b H.UlJIIM IIWIII.i\lIIlb]M !tcnUJlllflTb B<1WII 0!Jy6!11I1WBilllllb[e pe- OOJlIOL!lIIi OT 15 Ii 16 MapTa, !.H 'JTO )!(C, 00,'\ nJX'11.'lOfOM 06N1RCU(jfl TOm, KaKlD.t JlB"U1lTOI 3aKOH GrpaHhl, lib! 6y,«'TC (&3 I-JaC) Co.1jlal<aTh lIoooe ITpaoo, KOTOpblM B.nle-["(".II co BCe}[ OLJeBlL'!IIOCTb[O CJI)''iail C MIIJlHl\lIefi H <{TO::rro 6Y1l:eT. K<1K lie BBt'.:IeIiHe npoH3BO!lbllOro cnc:x:06a Ilpall.aeHltJl?",1 '..Rut\\"11},t11elklu<;.lto("on«enttoyourOrder(whi("hyoucallaOcnialohhe 1>-hhtla)ouldhcanylntctTuptl<m-tol!, Wceannotundcrntand,forthcMlhua (,,1urhWcal"'IIY'ItI"'u""tI),tobcscttlcrl), Weneverdcn,e<ltheThIl1E:.a.We told you m Our Answer of the 281h of J.mll"')' to (he Petillun of the House of COITIT1OfI'<, for Weacceptro t11e I'crsom (except forCnrpor.lIlons)_ Weonlydemed the Wty. Yo,"",k 11 bvWtyufOnlu.,IIICe."nd\\lthsudl" Prd"t"",,,,; Wranne]therwith Jusuccto Our Honour or Innocent"yconSCn( to It: \'ou exclllde Us from any Po"H m thelJi.,P<"'ltionurE"t'(llI.iunofillqgether"ithw.""dfur,,TiJJlell1terlyunlimite<!. Wrtdl yuu, WewOllld ha,.., theTIunp;done. allo" the Persons(wnh that Ext (]fl): W..de>;ireaBiU. theonlygoodv1d WlYofimpu:;il\gonOurSlllt'('Is. Weare.....TtiA"ly uI1Samlied "h,,! ill1 Ordimmce is: bill "..,11 sa"slied that "thoul OUl- CUIlSt'Ot. ii,s nothit1g. not binding and it is ev <lfpt. by the long Time spent in tl1is A/gIlment, the 
r "I1Ia III 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III.e IIolC'L"IOmn 1pa>KJ\aIlCKOH BOIlIIl>' 207 npllBe1Ieilllb]e CJIOBa KOpO.1.\] 113 ero nOc.'1iUII1H nap_ilMeIiTY OT 1 itllpCllH 1642 ro,W 1I0Ka.1b[ljalOT. liTO OH OTBCIW&1 He caMO lIocc6e Ha:-IHCI'Jt'HI1t' ynlJlllblX IIClp,lClMt'HTY lU1I1 KOMaHj[OHilTh MIIJlnI{l1CM, CI cnoco6, KORWfJU" 3rno 6wIO fOeWHO. 3TOT cnoc06 lie }'C1pallBilJI Kap_it I, eo-nepfJbJX, nOTOMY, 'ITa nocpe}].CTBOM era nap-'UU!CIIT OT' CTpaHHJI l\opoJIH UT KaKOnh'lI16o Y'IilCTfJH B UCYIUt'CTB;It'HHl1 1\1[31'- TH lIiU! !l-tIIJ[I!IlHt'Ii, 60-6mOpw.x:, no Toft 1Ip1l'lllHe, 'iTO 1I0Bb]t' npaBO- BL[C IIOpM('[ 6(,1.'11I BBC11CII(,] He CTill)'TO\!, a opillIHaHCOM, TO CCTb B 06X1),ot CJIO)l(lJBIIICroCJI B AHr.'lUU 1I0pH,'IKa K1.llaHHJI aaKoHojtaTc.1b- IIb[X ilKTOB, it e-mpemblLt', U3-3a TOro, 'iTO nap!lilMt'UT npUCBOHJI ce6e no.1I1oMo'lHeeduHolU'IHO, 6e3 Y'UlcnlH KOpOJIH, H31IDBaTb iIKTbI, U"ICK)lJIIICCH,I\,.JilKIIHCI. B cpelllleeKoBoH AHI:'lI1H ill1HiUiCal'>m» liit:Jb[Ua.![11 iHITb[. UMCBllil1C Bb]ClliYIO IOPl.J)\lI'[CCJ(}']O CIL'lY. npU'ICM 6LIB&10 Tal{, 'no OjtHU U TC)f(C :'IilKOIIO,'\ilTC.!lbHL!C aKT),[ HMCHOBiI.'mCb O,'\IIOBpCMCHHO "-npOBH3IU1"IIJ (provisIOns)>>, "-CT4f'{I"i1MII (stiltutes)... II .ffip.l!HllillI- caMH (ordinanct's)>>. B KiI'ieeTBe lIilu60!lee HpKoro npHMepa T<lJ\oro C"iCIIICHIUI TCpMHHOH MO)l(HO IIPHHCt1 H COBOk)'IIHOCTb aKTOH, "1'11- HTblX H 127B 10..1)' I< f;JOCTepe (Glllu("ctcr) B IlpeClMiiY>lt' K UX OCIIOBUOMY TeKcTY roBOpll.'lOCb 0 TOM, 'iTO 1I:t-31i lIellOCTaTJQI nO)l- XO,'\JUI\HX aaKOIIOB 6b[JIi! npl111HTa MacCi! "-paJ.II'IHb[X J].OnO,lHeUHH K <lilKOHo1"I II HODbIX IlpoIlH3IIH, 11 <1111 cmamlJmb!, O/X)OIfGltCb! u npo- 6UJUU, IIJJ[U)f(ellllb]t' HI[)f(e, e.'lt'H}'eT OTHbllle DCe,,!y lIilpon:y KOpo- llCBcrna TI!Cpn:o co6.mO,'\i!Tb (di\'cr supp1ccions de lei C de novdcs purvcaunccs e les estatuz ouieigncmenz e pun'C(JUMes suz cscntc de tute la gent del regne desoremes fermement feient gardez)...' (KYPCHB MoiL B. T.). CMellielile CTaT)'TOB, opn:HllallcoB Ii npoBII- 3UM coxpaHJI.!]UCb 111< XIV l<eKt'. T<lK, 3aKOHU;'(aTe.lhHblt' ClKTbl, 111'11- Nett_"MY and [);'I\ger ".as notso imminelll. hm.. Bill might h1\t' \\"('1I heen (!I'I'p1I't'd; "t,ich ]{jt t,11 }'et be dune. ""h th[ due R«ard to Us. ,md Careaf 0111- People. in the Limitiltion of the Pllwer and other Cin:llmst.1n(l'S. \V'" shal1 l'Kede from nothing Wt'romler1'yinthlAnswt'rto\lollrOrder.uthe,.,.,,,'eWemu,\rn,.Iretoa11 the\\ror1d,thatWcarcnothll\g'<alfif""",,th.o].cvcrs"ana]lowOurSlIl!Jcct,tohe bCH]nd by. your Primed Vote>; uf [he 15[h ur 16th of tlris Munth. ur [hat. under I'rcIt..IYT of dcrlaTl what the Law of the Land ", \'I".U ,;\,al1 (,,thout Us) make a new La\V \\hkh is plainly the Ca-"e ufthe Milith;,m \\1]at is this, hilt to intrOOlI (I' an arb,tr'lIyWa}'ofGovernmell["'e (ThcJollrna1softhe HOllscofl..o"h. Vol 4 P 686) r Statuta Cloure<w jjThe Stat\][cs at Lar. fmn! MlIa Carta to the End of Ihe Eleventh ParlIa"'''ntufC......t Bma,n Anno 1761 Cambrn4,'<-'. 1762. Val I P 117 0pllnm;LulI",iiTCKCT3Tom ITaIl,,-"n>KCH lIilCI'iIf""IFIIIII)'3CKOIII'''h'KC 
208 IOpltiI'cumcacIIl'KT" alln..ikKO" I"'''''-Offll,'lll 16401660 rrulOB IIHTb]t' na Tpl!1lJJ.aTb DOCbMOM roily npaB,1e!ll1Jl 3nyapD.a III (1327 1377), UMCHOlHL'lHCb OJlHOlJpC"iCHHO 11 "CTaTyraMu» 11 "OP,1HHaH- l:a.\!II!>I. OJ\HaKIII< :iTli upl.'M yme HaMeTI1!]IICh IIlIpt'j{(' ICHHOt' pacc- JlII'll1e Me>K,I1Y In!"!!!. B nap;ID.MeUTCKlix CB}[TKaX, OTUOCfllllHXCH K TpIl;!,l\aTb CC;\bMOMY I"OJ!Y npaBJlCIIHH 3nyaptla Ill, lIallJeJl OTpa>KC- HI!t' clY'Jai1, nOKa3blB,UOII1HH, 'ITO OT..'1H'JIlt' 0plll!l-1aH("OD OT l:TiITY- TOB YlKe BnOJ[IIt'TOI"Aa co:JllaB,I..;IO("b. KaHW[t'p l'oo6lllWI 3nyapllY III o TOM, 'JTO nap;ID.MCIIT noil.a.:t ncnmmo 06 ynoB_'JCTBOpCHIIH CBOHX >Ka.r[ofi. KOIXUb IIplllllC..'1 Ha 'Ial.'C)IaH11C .IOPjIOIJ U 06U(lIH Hi TaK cnpoClI.1 lIX, XOTHT Jill 0111-1, 'IT06b] 113J(0)KeIiIiOe B neTHUI1H 6bL0 I1CnOmleno Op.!ll1l1allCOM IL'1I1 cnnyro\f? Olll[ CKaJaJlII. 'ITO COllep- >Kalll1e I1enllllUl !IY'JIIIt' IIpUHecn! I< j\el1cfl<l1e Oj1ilIlHaHl:IIM, a Ht' l:TaT)'TOM, lU[fI Turo, 'IT06bl t'GII1 OHI[ .J<lXOTfiT 'JTO-.1t60 I1JMeHI1Tb, :no MO)!(UO 6WJlO ClI.C.aTb B CJlClI)'IOIUCM naluaMcIITc;,>. OrcioM BlI)\HO, 'JTO opmlHaIlC('] pacCMaTpUBa.rmCb B Ka'JCCTBC Y3aKOIlcHIli1, B KOTopb[e, B OT>ll!'IHe OT CT,ITVTOB. >It'l"'-Ie 6b!_0 BIlt'CTH Te lUll! I1l1b[e nonpaBKU. nOJ.UJ.:JCHlilO 1!:{]:'lJ.IiJ,a Ha 0pJII1HilHCb! KaK Ha Y:-JaKUHCHml, m:'lll'J<I- .ulIllteOllllll:Hueii IOPIl}[II'Jl'<:KUii 01.'1t' or l-TillY1OH, llI0cn6lTIJOH<J..,'IO pa3BIITHe napJlaMeUTIIo. KaK 113Bt'CTIIO, B nepBb!e HffflTIlJleTIl.II CBoero C)'llIt'CTBOBaHI1.11 011 6bIJI O;\IIOn<LlaTIJb[M H pacCMalpIllJaJlCH CKOpCC B Ka'Jt'CTIle ;'j<!lt'':WUIJI IIpeilCTilBl1TeJ[t'l1 pa;>;JH'1Hb[X nX:;JUBJ1H, Ht:A\t'11[ nO..1Iffi['Jt'CIWIU lIilCTI[T)'T<I. n()(...'It'.l!ytOIllaH I!HCTlrrYUlIa.1I3aUII nap- naMCHTa, npcBpal1lCHHC era B rOCY;!,apC"l1'fi1H(,[ii OpraH, pa.1,'\C.CHUC em Ha lIaJ[aTb[ 11 KOpliOpaJtHI1 (lo<;Ql!:CS) 1I01J.J[CK,1H 1a lo6oii YC.r[O>KHC- lU[e 3aKOIIOiliITe.1bIlOro npoL!('CCa. KOTOpoe D CoolO O'IepeJ1b nop01U[.'JO pa:moo6pa3l1c B 3aKOII()Jrre.;tbllb[X aKTax. B XVll<l'Ke pa:JJI11'Jlte Mt')I,ilV OPlltH;;Hl:<lMI1 U l-TaTyTdllUi <:TIlJIO OCU;:lHalJilTbCfI KilK Henpe..'IOJKHI>IH l!JaKT. Kupo!leB;; Eml.:J.UJeTa, 'TI3t'p)K- ilaJI B 1587 l"Olly cBocii naTCIITlloii lJIaMOTOi CKj)C!L'JCIIIIOii 001bWOW nC4aTbJO Anl"JUUIo. np[IHJlTbIC na.rurmii ofiuJlIH II na.:taToi1 'l(JP$1B 3a- 'C" The Slatutl" al 13'ge, f.-om Mna Carta to thc End of the Flcvcr1th Parliament of 0.....- Britam. Anno 1761 O,mbrid,ge.1762. Vol 2. P.173. 175. 178 Pllrvo;:bdI(cad:d:c:lJae\:lltc::-h::: d'Ordmancc.ct ncmvcpur E-,mtllt aufinqcs, rlcn soli dcamcndcrpmssccstrcalDcndc a prl"<{'I'l.m Parlunult ct ",""nt C'I fait. (RotHl. Parl,amcntorum, VI et Pct't,onl" et p1aclla III Parl,amcnw. In 6 \uk j Ed. by Rc..en.ndJohn Strnch Vol 2.ILondon. 176 7 11'2110) 
r "I1Ia III 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III.e IIolC'L"IOmn '1L1>K.l\3I1CKOH BOIlIIl>' 209 KOIIO.'Iaft'IIbilble ilKTb[, 3a11D.'lIUiI B lIeH- «Mb[ npoC"IOipt'JiIi Ii BnO!lUe ypa.i}l\lC.UI pa.1!IINHb[C H pa3Hb[C AKTb[ H OPJllIHaHCbL.»' Kpo\K.' TOm, KOpO}leHa OTMt''Ia..'Ia, IIrlpalll<UIlb K uap.rl<L\!l.'HTapH}lM, "'1 XOI..! Hbllllt'- )'Ka3aJUlble lIecKo.1bKO AKrOB Ii Op1UmrulcoB [JO,lY'11L111 OT Bac, ualIDl B(']WC)'r!OMS'U}'TbK' IT01J.lI,a[lIIbIC, JIoPLl['] H 06!llHllb[, C06paBWIICCH B HiIlTUHllleM ITap.,1aMeHTe, IIU,lHoe OJlOr1fJt'HI[e 11 CUr1aC!1t:' I! KaJKyrcH l'PilHlle IIY1KJlb]MII H Bb[l"Ollllb[MII,a,UI fUCYHilpCTB<I,OHI! He MOI)'T I!MeTb :>:iKOI-JHoii CIMb[ Will ltCi1cTBlIH 6c3 Harncm KOI)()J]CBCKom )'TOC ::,:>oro H IIPHiliIHHom TCI}[(l.' At..1a\t Ii Opil.IIHaHCa1 Ii KaA.-lONy 311Bap.!l K)'K OT..']}j'lliTe;I(,lIble npll311aKii CTal)'T.I! op':UlllaJlCRCml- :>bllJaJl C lIoibl/[KOM 11X IIPIIH}ITl1}1 "He l"}'II!l'CHi)'l.'T HHKilKlI11I i!l("ra lIapJ[aJl.lt'HTd, - III[Ca.1011 B 'ie-roepmii 'ianH li«1l1X "I-1HlllIT.VUHIi"- KjXlMCTOro, KOTOpwf[ 110mKeUliMCTb cornaCHC "lopllOB. 06!lIHII H KOpu- !ICBCKOC )"'I"I!I'fUKJ\HIIC KOI)()J]}I, H KaK aTO npcrJ,CTaBmlCTcH PYKOTIlIC.II- MI[ U lIaWUMH KIlIIl"aMIi, Bee, 'JTO npflllll"!i\eTC B n;1p.dMe[ITe TpOH- IIb!M comaclleM,I[MeeTClI.'IY rurra napn<o.lEUTIt Pa3.JUl'1l1e Nf:?KllY aKTOM lIapJ[aJl.lCHTa Ii OpililHilHCOM II napJ[a.\ICHTC CQCTOIIT H TOM, '1TO Y OP,1H- HdHca HeJlllt 1<IeT TpuilHOl"(l CUlJlilnal, 11 011 IIpe,IIIKhIHaeTnl U}\HI1M IUIlI JUi)'M.II 113 IInX!:.". B Ka'lecme npliMepailnmlI1lCKHH npaBOBell npu- Be.1 c,lY'1aH BOCCTaJIOB,1C[IHH KfJpO.!lC\t r ellpll'UJM IV B 311i1ruOCTIi H B HeplKal-UllI 3eMt'lb YIL"IbH"!iI Jlilq,t'H6H, npl1 cor..'lacl-U1 JlUP.'{OB nyXOB- IIblX H o6uum (6e.J '1OpiIDB l'BeT("I(IIX). mo C'JIITaeTC.II, OTMeTl!!1 KyK, IIpI1HHill-JCOM, a He al."TO nap,,'laJI.ICHTa' '..Wchavcsccn"oopcrfectlyundmlallddwers""dsundryActs""d OnhrJdl\Ct"o..  (Thjollml, uf ..1] the p"rh 11II lib during Ihe reign of <2<......., Eh",bcth, both of the HOllse of L.n1< "ml House of C<JJTmIIT1S j Collected hy Sjr S,m,,,,ds D'Ewt'S. ,Re\,j:;ed and publ by p"ul Bo""" L>ndun.. 1682, 1'.388). '.And albeIt the .",d >6"'1<1 Acts and OrdilllTll= bv you uursrnd Su!.>:te<-ts the Lords and Commons in this our fJI\-"'<'IIT P...-liament l\s.H"bled he hIlly Ml..ro ;md UJl1>e1lted unlu, and seem vel)' T1,,-"""ry,md profitable forthe COJ'lIIILlIIWt'd,h,,,11ieh n \'('rtIteI!"OS he not rn any fOKe Of effe<"t in the L1\\' without Ollr Roval A'<Sent roWlI "nd pllllO the same Ac.ts nd Ordin.nre, and ..,,".... oflhem& (wid. P.38'i) . .TheI'C IS no act (JfparhamCllt hut must h.....c thccvo-t<C;11t (Jfthe lords, the (,o!lIUIol1s,alldtl1eJlassentofthekillg,alldasitlprt'U\'lhbyR'loro"andour book.whalsoe\crpa<;<;ethmp"rI,amcnlbvth,sthrccfoldcoment,haththcforce(Jfall act d parliament. The differnKe hetweel];\11 act d par1iament. and aU ol'dillaIX"" ill parharnelll, IS, for that the ordmallcc w"nteth (he Ihrccfold mnscllt. alld IS oroamed bv (Jill.' or two of them& (Cok E. Thc Fourth Part of thc InstltutC$ of the La".,; of El1S1alld P25) 'Ih,d 
210 IOpltillcumcacIIl'KT" alln..ikKO" I"'''''-Offll,'lll 164016r,O rrulOB Hlloe paxlH'-IHe "Ie"AUIy OpDJ!IIilUCOM J CTil1)'TO1 npC:)ljO.'I1U/QCb B OU\IOIIt aIJTOjJIITCTHOM B XVII CTO.ICTIIH KJ(JIt./lr1'oICCKmi c.,lOBapc 111"0- IIJe(:n:1piJ. IlUl<ltJlbll!lllll1P;;Ba I< Knnlfl!;Ot\(I\OIIt YHlluepcll1"CTl'  KaY<Llil Uohn Cowell, 1554-1611). nepBoe II311mme D.HIIIIOI"O CJIOBapH Bb[ULO B CBCT B 1607 cO.'Iy nOllllaJlk1!1I.JCM d1uTcpn(J(...-a-mp, Wlii KHllla c:o..'lt'PJK;;UIiUI ;ma'Jt'HlJe C,10B. me IU;IWM'liO IICTHHHoe ;jHa'JP- IIIit' oct'X IIJ[H 6o:lblIK:1i 'oIa{'"fl1 T<lKIJX C,lOB II TepMIIIIOB, 1,(Jwpble yno- MIlHalOTCR y nlicaTcJ[cii no npHBY wm B cnrryra."{ 3TOm noGc.:Illom 11 OOOOIJ.![CHHO['O KOpO.qCBCTl<a»' BIIOC-lCJlCTIJHII cm MHom pa.ll1cpCIIC'Ia- TbIB<L11! (D 1637, 1658, 1672. 1684, 1701, 1708, 1727 rr.f. C 1684 I"OlIa 011 CTa. Bb[XOiI.llTh DO BTOpoM IIJJIDUlIlI, of:iIlOB.CIIIIOM II IlrnpaB- 'It'HHII.\! IIpamllil'}[<lM TIlIlIalIlM M'jHJllt (Thomas Mfln!ty). Oj1JlUHaIiCY lIap'1allleliTd B ;:!TUM C![uuape IIUClIHWet1a C:.llellua.1I>HiI.II CT.rrbJIo. "fuTb[ llap_1aMC!lTil <,JHCTO Ha3b1BaIOTCH Opi}uHtmcwm llapm.vernna B ffiql,'Ja- MCHTCKHX CBlITKaX, mBOpl[TCH B Hd1 ECJm CCTb KaKOC-.11160 piIJ lI!'UIt', TO OHO 3aKJIIIJ'-Ji\eTOI B TOM, '1lU OpdwlailC RD.1J1eT01 ;lHllIb Dp61ellllblM (temporal)') I! ",6brrb 113",elleu OiUlHMIJ 06l.lDiuaM!. Ho fuT BC'-JHOC npal<o (pcrpctuaJ Law) II HC MO)l(CT fib[Tb Il3\ICliCH uHa'Je, I(;;K KUPO!It'M, J1IJPililMrI U O(IIIP-!Hi\MI1». MueIllle 06 opromallcax KaK 0 Bpe\lElUlblX y.Jiurouelillilx Db[CKa- 3b1BM H npaooBClI PI1'Japli BYlIJIecoll (Richard W, 1745-1822). OH IIpfIBeJ[ IJ C:lluel1 KHI!I"e «CHneMiHII'J!O("KUI11I;:JfJUL'[ HiI.JaKUHb[ AHr- JlIJl1» C:.'JOBiI 31J.yapzra KYKa 0 pa3.11!'-JHH '-It'"AUIy OP,lUlliUlfOM J cr.rry- TOM, HO 3aMCTH. npu 3TOM, liTO OHO RB..UICTCH CKOpCC C.,1()lYKJIl{II". .CTIlTJThlllpCI1Ha:malla.,UCbll,J[}[ IIOCTOHHHO!Ylupal<a, opJlllHaHCb[ (110- Ho611o TO', KaI{ 11 llel[CTBlJe coBpt"lellllb]X <lKTOB Olp<1UIIlIIIDiL1OCb r The IntHpRtor. Uf. buuke Ulllt.. inillg the igllifil"illiun of 1\'-"'-" "''''''em is set fourth Ihe true meam of all. ur the IllOO1: part of suc'" \\"urds ami tt'nr1e>, as a", memilined in the lawe\\yjfers, or st"tlltes ofthis \i,.roriuJls:tnd IHlII\\nookiogdolne. rt'<jUJril1g any exposlt....,. or mtel)Jrelaliun. A \\"ork nut only prulilable but __"""")' fors\]("ha,desirelytoheillstrllrtedilltheknn\\1edgeofourla\V'<,statutes.or other:tnl'Qlllti",.Coll...:1eclbyJohnCu""II.C.1607 . PCnpIiIITH"]CII"}!aHll}llOp't"(IlCn(()mc,'ooap"Jl,;!(oHaKav<Lapery""f'HOBb]' XOJ1>lT a IIOC.Jle.:tlle€.!I.ecJlT'Llt'Tlle (a 1998,2000.2002.2001 n.) , A 1>1\\' dictIOnal)'. or thc IlltLl1JILI<-r of ".m<ls a.nd tCnTl'<, 11=1 either III the COlD1DOnOr<;«\{(lfela"',ofGl'eat Britain.;md il! feI\Pres and joc\,lar Cll'ltOf'n;;: first puhllShed by the learned Dr C"",d. and III th,s ro,tlOn very IDllCh aQgmentro and IruprmW. hy the dd,t'on of many thnu-'<aIId \Wlld'<, foulld in our hI_'toncs, al1tiQuilles. eanulanes.rolls,al1dO!hrmannscriptrel"Ords,LonJon.1127(1I""l<f'ill1Irn C"JpaHI!\Irm::yn:my<..r) 
r"llIaln'CT.rn (!)OpMI'p"BilIII.ellolC'L"IOnlI!11L1>K.l\3I1CKOHBOIlIIl>' 211 nepOOIl<l'la.%IIO onpe.!le,lellllb\1 CPOM)\{) B.MIJIMCb DpeMellllb!MM Onb]- TaMl1, COCTI\R.ICHHblMI1 C Y'lt'TON 6yllYlI(cro 11CllpaIL1CHIUI liD lQI](()My- HI1(I}'JlbCJlY4aKI»-' BO[]JXJCa 0 pa3JIII'UlII "f(')KllY opZUlualiCOM II CT:JfYIO\I KaCaJ[C BO)lIlOM 113 CBOIIX C0411J1('lInii, uanilCilllllL!X B 20-x ro)].aX :\,'11 CTO- JleTUfI, 101epK aHI'II1Uct-"{)IU nap'kJ.'-It't1Td ft'HPU 3.1( HHr{HoIl1l EIW1JI{e 11.111 ElsIng, 1598-1654).011 OlTIIe'ia.q, II 'nr:rn0C1l1, liTO Opmm<1HC Tpc6YCl JJ..,'J5I CBOCro nplllUI.TII MCHCC cnrrlilioii "l!CpC"!OIllUl (<<.....cmony), lICM craT.YI., II MCm.CT6bITb OTMCHCH Itpyn!M Dp.lIIIHaHCOM, 6e.J }"JaCTl1.II KOpo.1Ul II na.1<1TbI,'IOPIlOB!>. OrcfOlIa 11M .l!e.'IaJlCH IIb]001l0 TOM, 'ITO opromallc IIMeeT e6wlft' 111I3K)'K) npnpoilY (lO\'...er nature) no Cpal<HCHI1KJ ('0 CTdryTlIMi>, B lpi:IKT.tre "CYJlOUpoU3BOllnBO 1\ napJla'llt'l-rrei>, ony6l1MKOBaH- 110M B 1991 l"O.ay no PYKonlfclI, xpaHIIBIIICiicJ! B HaW[OIIa'JLlloii 6u6- lIIIUJ'CU' Y:l.,1JbCa, fCllpll 3JICIIHr C,l(')]".\'lOIl!IIM O(J(l<DO"f xapaKTC{m30- 1Ia;1 <PY1[KUlU1 nap..n\leIlTCI\1tX KOpIiUP<1UlIl[ (N-dtes) II .JaKoIiOll.lTe,llr 110M njJ'JUECO?,: «B 11311<11111I1 II<1WHX CTapllIlUb!X 3aKOliOB 06lllHllb] IIQ/laIOT IICTIII{[!(f (pctoe), JlOP/IM yrBl(Tl\.lalOT (11.1I1i1t') 11 KOJ)()J[b l.tI.-JiallI<'CIOI «(( I1fY.rklP)i>. nnpJ.liPIK IIPIIH)ITl15l.J;;KOHIIJI<IIl' IbHb!X<lK- TOB lIa ocllone neUfw[i\ nanaTbl D6uLHII 61>L'I npell'll)'IlIeCTIIellllbThl D,O a'JX'J{IIII(,[ XV IICKa. C KOHua npaBllClllffi fCllpHJffi VI BeC 6o.1Jblllce palllpoC1"p<lHt'l-JI!t' IT.I.r[U nO:lyqaTb 3<1M1HO;L<ITI:';il>l"TIIU Ha (X'IIGHt' 611,1- Jm (.JaKoHunpoeKTa)I. O.l!lI<II\U npeJKIII1I1 neTl[UIIOllllb]i\ nup>HIOK cu- xpaHIL'lCJ!, XOT5I DH II npcrcpncJl HCKIITOpblC "!OJIH13:mKaUlili i . Ho B I<aKOM 6b[ lIopJt'IKC l-J(1 IIpIlIlI1Ma'![(1Cb Dp;tHHaIlCb[ (1 CTaT:yThl. cor..'Jacnc KOpo.'l\I 6bL'IO OllllHM 1[3 YCIOBlll[ lLH lliUle!leliMfi IIX IOpIUII'JecKOH r "00 k1 YJ11 R. A Sys[..matkal 'i..w uhh.. Laws <Jf ElIgI lid >IS treated uf in a L"{)ul"5t'ufVunerianl"etu,readl!t0Afu,-d,dunng..""nt'Sof}""""'L<JmIIIffiLingin Mkhaelmasterm 1777 Vol I.P.21 'Eb"ji,H. Expe<lltio B,llarum An!lqllitlls. S[",I,es l'Jt"<t'IIted loth.. hnemllional Cmnnli<;:;;"nforthelli-rorynl lU'pre<"rrtati"e;md Pa,.]ia'u OOII)'ln'tit\1tiOrt'<,16jEd bv Catherine S[f<lIomdriSirns. Lo",ain. 1954 P /3. 76. 64. B 199IICII II;W;IIe.,MTtl.. 4TheHamhlcdnn 9I1h..a ":t,13Hap)'l<Of1llC1,C",1onpo'E>OO'lODOR nap- (/1syI!grIlJudicatureinParkm"ntjEd by Eliz.1beth Read Fos[er LonrIrn.(991) . .In [he makD1.':e of our Auncycnt law"_,, the Commons d,'d. the Lords (/ss<l1r,.".;mdthekingel1Jl1(td,.,.,{fl.Jlldica\llreinParlpmpnt Ed.by Elizabeth Read Foster Lnndon: The Hamblcdon Press, 1991 P 76) 'C".06'fID\1: 1i,R.AS)'-Kmanra'\"ewofthcLa\\'SofFT1.'(1and P 25 'C" Faster E. R. Petlutons and the PeutlOn of RJ,gh[ II TheJonrnI of Brlt,sh SlUd\CS_1974 \/01.14.NQ1 1'21-45_ 
212 IOpltillcumcacIIl'KT" alln..ikKO" ,"'''''-Offll,'lll 164016r,O rrulOB OL10H.::trOT 4JaKToco6o nOll'lepKIlBaJ'I D CDoeM TPaKTaTe 0 npeporaTI[- BaX ,(}j IIpmK/lIl'..'I MnblO X::If!.![ (AfnLthtur Hate, 1609-1676), 00- pallIaJ.! UpH <fllJM BHUMaHl1e Ha 'm, 'J"llJ MHlIll1e Opi!l1l1alll"bI, KJjlaHHble KOpoI/f'N H rnpaMu, OWIt60'IIIO DBOlllL1l1Cb B :IefK'TBlK' KHK cnrryru'. npoTOKO!lb[ 3aCC.lCiIIIUI "l¥MIl"Ol"O nap.;IaMCIITII"', npD..'(Q1I,IIBUlHX C HU6p 1640 I! ilO MaPTa 1642 rolla, IIUKa;Jb[lJalOT, '/TU B p.II.!IeClJ)"1aeB 1I<L1,ffiI 06uU!1I II lIilJ[ilTa JIUp.1l0!J npUIIIIMilJ[1! 0PLU[ffiII1Cb[, I\OTOpb]e BI!(L'lnc(, 8 .ndicTBlic OeJ otPIIUHa.:t(,HO 8(,]proM'HIlOro COfJl3Cl[5) I«)- pO.,(}j: OHU KacaJlI1Cb KOHKJ)('THbJX clllyiluuii U HC ycraHaH.!lIuJa.![H Ka- Kllx-nu60 npilllOBbIX UopMo. TaK, B aDryCTE' 1641 rolk1 nap,1aMellTIlpHU pewn;1H ua3l1a'IHTh CBOHX npe.1lC'TIlB!ITe.'Jeii,l\Jl5l conpolJ(J>K1\elllffi Kap- 'Ia I Belli lI()(':i.![Kl.' I< IIl1rr>1i!H1[I1KI, KOlopt>Icq,upMaJlbHI11Io..rl}l(HbI6blJIU IIpUDeCTf! lIeperUBupb[ C WOTJlaHllCKHMl1 nap,l<lMeHTapH.HMI!, <I 1<.11l- 'lCCKH Ha;J;3l1paTb 3a Ero Bc.mflK'CTBOM )KC!I3J] nOJl)"U1Tb JKy\IClIT, II011TBCplK,.'lalOll!nfi 1IO.11110M0'11151 YKa131111(,[X npCl\CTaBIITC:lci[, nap,;[a- MeliTOOpamJIOI K ..'Jup.1ly-xpamrre.mo l)u..lbWOH ne'1i1T11 3l1YdJIDY JIIIT- T,lTOU:Y (EdAmd Lyttelton, 1689-1645) C npocb60it cKpenHTb ne'l.lTblO IIOjJ)"ICHI!C i{.'U[ HI1X, OjlHaKO TOT OTKa3a;[C}J Ci1C_Ia'fb ::ITO 8 HUxIJllIllI- <\"lbHOM IIIIfIJ.I/[KC. npll II(X_YJl'i1.l.'HI1I1 IJO;'IHIIKIIICii 1Ip:;.{rl!b] 6ap(JHt'T CII\lOU..1lC Jk IOc (S d'Erres, 1602-1650) npflBe. C-'I}"laii, npo' I.J30WCJ\wnH 8 1373 rollY 113aI}JlIKCI[POB31I11(,[ii 8 nap.;JaMeIlTCKHXCBl1T- KaX, Koma niL'laT.J 06IIUIl1I1U}[aJla KUpu..11O lIen!lUIIO. 11 UHo1 C<XTo1mU<I CUllep)t;amle aKT,1, u6NI1L'JeIiIiOfo Era Ee'III'Jt:'(T(J()'I D I}JopMe opm[- HaHca. Ko.L'iCn1 (Jil(XJlICTa }'XBaT!l3IH UllCIO Ii 20 ilBI)'CTII npUHJLU op- il,flHaHC, YIIOJIHOM0411I<alO]lllUi IIpc;lc-raIiIiTC,lCi-i aHI'.IIHiicKo['O lIa]).][a- MelITa ua noeJllK)' B 1ll0T,lalL'\Hl0 2 B TOT }l(e llellb ..'iOp.!lb[ ilil.I1 CDOe comaCHe ua era npUU.IITlle. 0PL\flll31IC maOL1. cJ1c:Jp.<u,! H 061l\11iIbi, clI6p<lIiIIlUt'!;J.I I< ;n.{1T Ha(TW.JIIII1ii naPJlaMellT, IIPI1Ka;Jb]H<l1Or Tt'M ca- Mb["! I! H<WHa'r.UUf (.1l<Llee lIt'pe'JIIC.I.HJ[I1Cb 11"!et1a npe.J[CT.lBl1Te.'JfOH - B. T.)_ 8 Ka'[CCTBC IITC,lcH oocmc: na;H nilp.aMCIlTa conpo' BO}KJI.aTb KOpo.'JCBCKOC Bc.'IlI'JCCTBO 80 BJX'M.H Era OTCyrCTBHH 8 Ko- po.1eBCTBe llloT;IatU\HH, U Tt?1 GIMb!M ynomlO"IO'1I1DaIOT lIX, IUI[ ;110- 6bIX Tpex IL1H 6o;Jee }[J UIIX, Bpe[.IJ OT DpeMt'iu!, llpeL\CTIlIL1.11Tb Era HaIlJlI){.'tJocXo,.lHdIlIlCIY BCJlI1'JCClny IIOKOjJHblC lifllIlb6hl. KIIHCY..']bl<l- '11110 11 CU!>eT OT uepHb[X nUlL'[aHHblX Em Bc.rn1'Jt'(:THa J[ap/[oli II 06- , s,. Mattll " Hales The Premgo.t;ves of the K'ng Ed. by D. E. C. Yale London,1976.P 175 . ThcJournals of thc Houscof Commons_ Vol 2_ P 26S-266 
r"lm!a IIIccnrn_ <I:lOpMIII"'''''III.e ,,,,,urnl'" 11Ja>KJ\3"'.'«JH BOHIII>' 213 111.IIH I< najJ;J<;McHTC, (:lIlJ1<1(:HO TaKI1"1 UHCTflYKIIIUI"1 11 }'Ka.J<;HI1I"I, KO- TOp!>!e K ceMY IIpU 'laraIUfUlI[.111 KOTUpb[l' lJ J[Kiiol' IIpt'MfI 1I0(:;ll' <!TOm Mory!" 6bITb noclJa)-1b[ 11M no npHKa3)' ILI]I! no (:orJlaCillO 06eHX ffu- I]ar,'. no ("HOt'1 I{)PI"[lI'll'Clo;lIIi IIpllpo.'ll' OP'[lIHi\HC, II"J'I<!I1Hhll1 ]]i\p.a- MelilUM 6e-J }"1alTHfi KOpQJm. 6bL'J C"((Wfl1 C KOpu,1eOCKOii npnK.Ia"la- 1111Cii, t.UlOI}(lj! H OT/I!!'l!!e fIT l1'a'lyr<\, IIPCi[CI(!H 1JII<lllCro clition aK'1 KOp01IJl-Ij-lIap.rliL\leHTe (km.iS-m-parl'i\ment), (ihL,l<I al\I"O"1 KOpo.'I1 Ki1K t'}UIIIQ.fIlI'Jt10m BJ/iIl'T1tTeJ[J! (rex so'o). B o.-ffOii CIJ.\UH ..'lvUollb[THO, 'JTO TCKC"f lIap.!lilMCHTCKoro opJll1HaHCiI lIyfuiHKOlJil.,ll:J! B T04HO TaKfIM >KC nIIlIlI'P<IIlm'lt'lIW'" CTII..'It', KaKOn IUll'Jl Jlt"Ji\THblli Tt'I(T Io;IIfJOJlt'l<Cl\nii npOK."IaMi\IUD1. Ho1 <frO o60\»lTe:IMTBO OOpaT[1."/ BIII!MaHIIt' IKTUpIIK MallK.1 McH}[.;f. Ha CTpaHI1IIaX 146 II 147 coocii C.ffiThI1 "BC;JIIKJlfi CIIIIt'T ni\P.'I<IIltt'tH"a U IH..'Pl<blt' op.[ltH<;H(:hl; KIIH(:TlJTY'lflIlHH<i}1 Tt'IIpHfI 1pa.K.li1Horoii BOiit1t>[», olly6J1nKull<1HHOii B 1992 IVl\.Y B .JKypt1iL.1l' Op[lTilHLKIIX IICC.U:,I[1JIJaHllfi'l>, IIcropHK I!OCnpol13lJc.![ qx-ITOKOIIlIit }lli}'X illlKYMCH'llI11. I) KnpO;JCHcKYKlllpllK.iI<;Mal[lIKJ OT 28 I1!OH}1 1641I'wli\ ,,0 JlOHI!HOHt'HIIII, KUTupot' JllJ.,'l)f(HO 0Ki1::!blHi\Th("}'1 J(;;lnlTi\Hy-[eHt'pa.1Y II ()(f)llltcpa[ Em BC.1U'JCCTBiI npll upoBaHlm arMUIi Em Bc- llI1'J(.'<THa I< Cl.'Hl'PHbIX 1I1l'CTHllcnlX» II 2) IIPUH}ITblli .llIpila"llIll 0611(11- HdMl! 27 i\l<rycro1 1641 I"OJla -«OPi[UHi\HC ffupJli\MCHTi\ 0 11He 116111l'- CTBCHHom npOlllCHI1JI no npll411HC Mupa, aaIG1104CHHom "k'JIGIY AHr- ..'IILii 11 1lI<Yl:mlHjIl1CI1'1> OIiB IU!CKrI" IIj[I1HaKOHbII1 IIH,Il npU'lCM 1I0;l Tl'KCTlI'-l II KOPlI!ICI\(.KOf! IIpllI0J<;MaIIHII, 11I101P!Ii\''ICHT("KOl'Q 'IJJi[IJHi\HCi\ CroUT O)\Ha 11 Ta >KC cppa:m <,God save the King (BoIKC, CIIaCIi K()p().![JI)..o. 11'llli\Bi\}I YKa1i1HHb!C 0PiIiIHauChI, lIapQiIMCHT lJb[IIO;JH&1, II cYlllHOC"" 1II)'HKlIIIKI Ti\j:iHIlIlI COl<l'Ta - Ilpl<tll<;, KlITOpbli111plLJlJaH o(,]J[ CJIy>!..UTL HHCTpYMclITml KDpuJlcBCKOil BJlaCTl!o. 3"1'0 OCo6cllllO 04C- lJVlHO lJ C.!!}'4ac C opl1HHaHCOM 0"1" 20 al<rycra, Kmoph[fi lIap_IaICHla- PIlIlIl;i.ila.J111 UUTO"IY, 'J'IlI,IOP,'!-xpaHlne.Jlh E(!JlbIlIIlHUl"Jillll, 'J_It'H Ti\fi- HOro COIICTII. OTKa.li\.,'JCII :laBCpl1Th nC4aThfO l¥")/()'MCHT, ynr1.qHO04Ima- 1O[III1ii IIpeJIUalJltTC_lcii IIi\1UilMCHTa Ha 11OC.'\I1.KY lJ llIo-r_laH.llllO. B ]Jlljl,I6H()' Ka'lCllH/.' lIi\pJlil.\ll'HT I<hlnYlll1.Jlll IIplJ 1l:-IJli\HIIII 9 C('H- Tfl6pH 1641 roM ..OpllHlIaIlCa. KaCaKJIlleIDCJ! lIa60pa 11 nept'OO3KH 'AnOrdinanceofPar1iaruent,OIJX"t-ftlingComrniltt'e<tohesenttoattt'lldthe KU]g III ScotLand. rnaocandassentcd ro hy the LoJ1hand COli1lTlGI1'iupon thc 20th of \ugIr;t. 1641 II The Journals ofth HOII<;(, ofl.orrls_ Vol. 4. P 372 , Werde M. Th Gdt Counc,l uf Parlmrnmt and th Fin;1 Ordmances. the ConstnU!lonal lbu-,ryoftheCi,',] War P 146-147 
214 IOp'LlIl""J:IICal.rll1<T"allnl"ICII"I}["",-"}[",II..I640-16r,Orru!OB Dolict(, KOJIIIb[X IL'JM neWIlX, 113 KOpIJ.JleI!CKUX B.an.eIll1(i AJII"JII!H I1l1p- 'IaH1V!lH,1 lI,aHHb[fi aKT f'ibL1 npl1HJlT Ilapll3\ICHTOM JVIJI TO['O. lITOOb! 1«l(:lIpelUII(.IHlII<<\Th IICpeI!O:IKC aIlI".'lmkKl'lx HOlicK B Hp!IClHJ[I1I1 1<0 a>.a:II.l\pHlO II nepena'le IIX B paCnOpH>KeIiHe KOp0.<UI Hcna::Jlltlt'. ITo.llC' II5IH CBOIO nmilliHlO no aTOM}' ooupocy, nap.qa\l(;IITIIp[UI B CBOC'M 06pa- llielll1l! K Kap..1Y IllUlJil.,'JlJ eel.Ol"IlUHMI! t1t1()(.nIMIJCOBt'THI1KUB D JfOI\I EO.%1lI0M l1ap!laMellTcKoM COIJt'T(:' Ero Be.r[I1'JKrnu>. B TeI(- CTC opnllllallca m 9 mrDJi')P}] 1611 l"O)\a f'iw.o 3aKJX'U.1CIIO, 'JTO il,cH- CTBOl<aTh OH f'iYJICT TO.'IbKO JlO 1 HOHf)pJl YKal<lHHOI'O rQJla. ITo 3TOfi npH'Jlllle KOpo.b cnowlQlo DOCnpHn.ll. 1I3DeCTI[e 0 ero npHmrnm.llall- IIL!(i aKT lie C031\G1BlL11I0BL[X npaBoBLIX IIOP! It lie BLI:WJUUI 3a pa.\IKH IIII;JHn"11J41111 TaI1HOl"O COIiC1a EI"() Bc.ul'Jocltlil. IIIYHKIP-IU K<YllIplJl"O npHcBOfL111 ceue nap![iL\!eHT<lpI1l1. Cnop no noBOOy 0plIHiIaJICa 0 MH.ll1UHl1 CBlliICTc..1I>CTBYCT, 'ITO 11 KOJ)().'Ib. 11 nap.'laMHTapltli C!OTIX'.'III Ha Ylal«JHCHIiC TaROro pO,'la KaR Ha aKT, £TOOR6UluU llU.1Ce Iffll111I!I1'ICI U nped1/Q.JlIa'laaIUUUCJl CI<OfJff' a..1Jl 3aKOlIa(jumol1lellue, He:J/f(>'IlldJlJ1rjJop.'IfJ!-upoaaH/J.fIHO(]btx 1IfJl1HJ8l0 HDpIl. He c..r[Y'JafiHo KaPl[ I, OIICHIlIJa}[ (j IIOC;mHl1n m I all- pt'J]}1 1642 I1IJ[<I IIpl1HJlTblli lIap.aMCHTm! 11fJ]{HH<lH('1I MWII1IP-1I1, InlCa.;J o CBoe(i lIeY.l\OIL1eTBOpeIUIOCTI[ an\[ :J.IITOM II 0 mmlloil ynoBJIereo- pe[lIIocnJ TeM, 'lTO 011 - «<HI1'HO, Ilcot'iKllimaIOll[lJij», nOCKCL1bK)' npH- Hj.JT reJ Kupo;reun,oro CUrJlaCl!J1 H He ('IV'!i\(iHO uap.'k\"ret1T("KaH 011- nOOHUH.II CTplI!.lil("b nOUUTbC.II CorJlaCII.ll twprl!15I lIiI npl1ll>lT[Ie.1IDlO 0PlIIIHaHCa. H TO.'IbKO nocJlc Taro, KaK OKOH'JaTe.1bHO CTaJ[O flCHO, 'JTO l<Op0l[b He JlacT TaKoro CO['.lIacm[, ITa.r[:J.TII OOIJII1H 06pa'f1t'GlCb K ..'[0[1- HaM C npoCh601i DBeCTI[eronneilcrDlie. C'I)"QIJlOCb <lTO 7 anpeMl ' . Ho 13 anpe.'lII B nap.!laJlIt'IiT IIOC"I)'JUL'J KllpOl€t\(l<:l1Ii oapilatIT 6ulIJU'I, l<:acalUlllenx:j.J /l,Ur.;JI1llflU'. B urReT IIClp- I An Ordinance. nude and i\!:rero ulJon by Ih Lords.md Cummons in Parli"lllll'!ll. the 9th of Septmber 1&11. 10000000ll1Jg the RmsilV( .md TT<RlOpurting of Forct'S. of Ilorseor Foot,<1l1toflli_, M1jesty"s Dominion,ofEf\i!Jandand Il't'landl/TheJolirnals of the Huuse of C"mOlUl.... Vol. 2 P. 285. . CM_OO"TO". TQ.I«1J"" B.A .-1,lIro'IO'I<R'C%lIaII.'lr1"('J!hllO("T".../«,'mm lIap!Ja' )leHOOl!1OpUliINilUBllllel6-il-II..n.el6-12r/lBecI"lIllI(MOI'KOtiCKUI"UVIIII- IICpcIIT'-"""_CCJI'Ullldl!,aRO> 2002_N.2_CtU--E2 'TheJolirnals ofthe 1I0llse<1f Commons. Vol. 2 P 285. I B """"C """<:;\aIllUl na,aT" '01'-"011, KOTOpiJl" Cocm''-''OCh B >I1'<1T ):je..,,- mllOI"ITC!!: .na.'ara 06"11I J!ICIJa.... 'lTooh'Jl<1p.'[I" "!,"RC.'" Opm.HaHC<1 MIUIIII'IIIII IIClIo..,ICIIIIC. (TheJournals ofthe House of Lords. Vol 4 P. 704) 'lb,d_P714 
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220 IOpltiIICU<IICacIIl'KT" allnl!ikKOIII"'H"-"K"1111! 16401660 rrulOB H_H npeLU1HCiJ.lllrn KOpo.'J, npH3I1iJ.Da..10Cb D npoKJlaJ1tiUlltlJ npoTtmope- 'laJ11HM YK2.1aHHOMY CTaTJTY'. B l\a'JeCTHe peaKIIIi11 Ha 31)' IIJXIK.,taJl.lalll11O ;iOPilbl 11 nfill(I1Hhl IIpHlrn_lI- 6 mOll.\l HeK.apiJ.UHlO, D KOTOpoti JlliIBII,lH, 'ITO IIlI CTIlTyr CCll(,Mom I"OJia IlpaB!lClllJH 3J13 I. HI! IffiKOi"l-.'JII60 HPYI"O JaKOII ;JTuru Kupu.,leBCTBa .tHe orpaHll'JlIUaeT II He .'lHQlaeT 1Op!1!11i'Jet.KUH CH."Ib[ OpmQlaliCa, 01lU6pelllloro HnyM.\I f1.t.liffilMll lIap;'JaMeIlTd, 0 KO- MaHJI0B'UlHH II pacnopH)]((,III!I1 MIL'JI!UllCii KopO_'JCBCTBa B aTO BpCUI '-J.pc3Bb['Jal1Hoti H lI:iVlBlU'OilIOIJIClic.II OllaCHIICTI1, Ii HC IIOjJ,HCP["aCT ITOJI- HiJ.IllIbIX Em Be.ml'JecTBa KiU((JMY-.1H60 lIaKaJaJllJIO Ja nO.l!'JHlle[lHe elY, necMOTpH 111'1 TO, 'ITO Em Be,lH'ICCTOO OJl&Ja.qCH llaTh CBoe Co- I '1i\(:l1e Ha l"lIT IIp.'IJlHaHC, HII CJl'il:ib]Hal'T IIO;('JliHJlTb(:)I dI)'Hj[ilMCH- T.LbHbIM .JaKOHa\! ;JTO!"o KupoJ[eJJCTBaI>2. LJro 1I0Hli!1-ta.'iUCb B lIiIHHOM c'''I)''Jac nOli '1IJ\a.'JellTIL%]Ib[MIJ 3aKOllaMIJ», He Bllo.mlC .\ICIIO. IIJ[- KaKItX nOJlcllcHuii JK'K,'JapallltH Ha cci1 C'JCT lie lI,amL'Ja. Ho BnC4aTJIC- HHe 0 TOM, '{TO 0P!lHII.UIC omlpilf'lUl Ha 'JTO-TO npo'llloe, :ml c'OBa CO.JlUlBaJllI-. nOC,le nll-x BneK.,apauHH IIpl1lJOlIILJJCJj ((OJIllbIH TeKCT CTII- l}'Ta 3Jap.'W ITcpnom, lIa KOTopb[j.j CCbL'la![UI B CBOCi1I1po1'-GlMa[(IlH KaP.II. «Kopo.% IIPHBeTCTBye'T CY.4blO HaWel[ ClGlMLIto. ITplJilllMllii BO BIIl[MaJrne, '{TO 11C)]j\B1I0, 11,0 TOro KaK IICKOIlJ(JUC JIHl\a 6blU[ C'I('IlI- po[Jat1b[ i1J[.\I )"IiKTlU.J B Pa3Jlll'Jlih[X JleOar.n:, KOTfIpl>le IJeJ[IIU, Me;KJy HiI"[H H IIeIIDTOpbDo!H OO'ibWI!Mlt JIWilbMH Halllero Kr,po.,1eocT1Ji1, cpe- HII .lJ.pyn1x .lJ.c,, 6bUIO (JPCIIO, 'JTO B HaWCM CIOWC! fTap'mIltffi- TC j1.ll,I)I(HiJ. 6h!Tb IL'III,iIHiJ. HaMIJ, 11 IIpU 06I1ICM CO['J"JaCIJ(I IIfiCJ[1'ITOn, rpa4JOB II 6apOIlOB, IIlrfIf'C'ie.:lyKJlllilSJ npoBJlJHH. OJ. IU<I('IIIIO: 'Jr06b] DO Bee ITap.'JaMeIlT['], lIa lieperor,opu 11 B JIpyrne c06pmnJJl, I'UIUphI(' 6y- JlVT Kor 13-;mUIl «XJbIl<3TbOJ B KupOJJeHL"T1Je AHI;.-rml, {hIj:i MY)](4I1- Ha "PfJXUJ\It,1 6eJ BOUPY.lKeliHoru 01]).IIiliI II OfJ)'JKH.\I, ;IP);t..e,,'Jr06HhIM H Mupo.q,06HBWM, K '{CCTH Hawcil 11 Harncm KoprLqCBCTBa: H BOT TC- ncp(" B HawCM CJICJ1YK11l\CN ITap.'Ja\ICHTC B YaCTMIHIICTCpcl, noc"'iC Db[Ilie)'Ka.3iIIllIbIX neperooopoB, 1lpe.'iaTb Ipall)b], 6apoHb[ II 0611iHHb! Hawero Kopo.'ieDCTBa, co6p;mrnHecH TaM 11.'l5I COBeTa 110 ;Qm.iY 1Ie..1Y, (:Ka3a..rIl1, '11"0 Ha.\1 npl1K\11,.ICJI<UT I HalllCl1 J,O!ldi 1u.,UlCTOl, 'JCJ)(':1 HaIllt' KoplJleUCKOI;' Ct't1..epcTHII, IIPfl"llI alllHIJIiITb Hdlll Ml1p OT IJUU- p:yJKellllOH ClUJ(,] (lJIIJ BeHKOH nm'l"Oii CILW. BO Bee Epe\lella, KOr.na I TheJourna1softn House()fLorili. Vol 5. P 111-112. 'lb,d_P 112 
Lallalrr'CT.rn (!JopMI'I"'BilIII.ellolC'L"IOmIl11L1>K.l\3I1CKOHBOHIII>' 221 Ha1 6Y.l!eT yroZlIIo, H HilKa3bIDaTb TeX, KTO 6yaeT IlIX"IynaTb npOTltDO- nOJ!())I(IIO, COfJ[aclin HaJlUtM 3a:RmJaM It OObl'lIDIM HaJllcm K'opoIlCB- CTI>il_ H IlIITOMY IIHI1 06f1:iilHhlI!OMOl<ffb I-fuM, KaKCBOt'MY CYHepCHHO' MY [ocnOllHIIY, BO Bce Bpefell3, KOflID 6y.&eT B TOM IIYAUIK Mb[ IIP"I<a3LlBa('M Balli, lIT06LI BLI nOBCJlC.'m a3'JHT3TL 3Tn CTaTbH B B3II1eM IIpH9'TlTBHI1 II YKaJat1HUM Cyne CKa\!:bH It OCTdBU[I!!lX TaM B ClIl1TKe. llat10 II Yo.-iIT\I( IIlIcrepe] II 30 .l!t'llb OKTfl6pfli>' OOpallIBWIIC(, K COJICj1JKa!IIIIO CTaTyra 3iJsap.!la I, nap..laMCllTa- pl1H 11,&111 eM)' H cBoci-i llCIGl3j11[llU1 TlUKOllaJIl1C, 1I0!lTBCJ»K.1.illi111CC HX IIPHTIl3a[!l1>! KOll1pOJIHpOBaTb MH,1lUUllO. Ue.'lblO nalllloro c'falYTa, - 3<1HBIL1H Olll[, 6u.1IO 06ecne<lIlTb, 'rro6L1 B 1l3pIla\!t'IIT .'lI01LH rIpltxo- :l.U 'II 61.';1 IIpy)l(ltll. ITu'U()IIt)' I<IIllP()(" l<il,i\HHO1 GIY4<1t' 'JilK.IKI'J(!e!\.")I He B TOM, npltt1<ll\.'[e-.w:rr KUpoJIIU H.111 HeT IIp"dOO Uf1)ilHlt'JHBilTb ('W[y, i\ II IIp)'I1JIIt: CC1IH KOpo.1b (]fR3"II(('1CS] BLInOJl]IRTL CBOrt !lo.,'Jr, npaBOMO'lIl('[ nH 6Yllyr o6c na'IaTl>! C31111t 06cCnC4ItT[, lie;ttnmcllOCTb nap,,'JaMCHTII II MHp II KOpo.;leBlTBe, 'ITO, co&.-roelillo, H aXT.IR!I5teT I1e.%, n..,151 RUrOpCII1 6bU1 HJlI3I1 OpllHllilliC 0 MH.1ItIlIiH. Xonl JaKOII npenocmBJl\leT npaJIo- MntUie JaUVUlIi\Tb !ltp KOpo.mo, QJlllaKO £III lie OTCI1"J81ffiCT OT 3Toii 06f1:IIHO(TI1 Tex, KOM)' OPY4i1l'T l\.'lfl "1lI1i 1lt'!U1I<.'0':Ib, KaK-TlI, CYil,bl np3Boc)'ZlIf.ll, llIepllll)[,] It npyme no.,'I)KIIOCTII(,]e .'l11UGi. «H nOC'KOJILKY ItX B.1aCTb IIpOHCTClffieT OT Kopo,UI 'JCpC3 nOCpC,!ICTBO Era n3TCIITOB, TO OHa He MUJI\eT lib[Tb orpaHII'Jt'Ha IIp!tKa:-tO\t Eru Be,ul'lKllliI. Ero Eo.millloii lle'JilTblO 1J1IH Hllb[! o6pa.J£I\I; t'lUe Mellee \IUTyr 6bITb orpa- HH'JCH('[ nplUffi.l0M Era BC,111'JCcTBa no,lHQMn4H.II nap..lalItcHr.J. noTO- , .The KIT1/': to the .Im!I"" of H13 Heoch ""odeth {"".recti"", \Nhercas of latc. before ("ertam Pt'Iwm. depuled 10 tfeat upon slIndfli Del><,[es had be["..,.,o Us ..OIl ccnamGrcat MenofOurRC"dlm.o!herl111.,t"",dI:<IIIdN,"Chat 1ll00r nat Parlluraom, ..frer Pro\'Nun shall be made by Us. and the Commun Assenl of J>.d Ie<. E.nk ..0.1 Barons, Thai, mall Pa.rhamenb;, Treaties, and uther Assemblies, \\1]kh S110UId be nw1e inlhe Reall11 of ElIghxl forever. that Ht'I). Man shall ('ome. ""lhuIII ..II Fum, ,md Armour. w..II <ilK! peat"t'ably. to the H(",,,,r uf Us <11,,1 Our Re.llm.and now. ill Ourn('xt Parlla,nentat Wt'<tm"afrerthes.lidTr<'ati. the Prelate<, Earls. 13;".......... and Ihe Commondty of Ollr Realm Ihere """",",L]...! lu lake Ad,.jc.e of th.. BIIS1IJcs.", haw ';1111, That tn Us It ....ior,gth. an<1 Ollr Pa,t IS. throllh 0111. RI.yaI SegniOl)' SIt1.Y lodewlld r"OI\"t'of Armollr.andan other FOl\.e,in't Our Peace: at all Time_, wheo II .11all(1IC"-'" Us, and to (1l1m<l1 them wlIlch shall rlo ('Oot"'')'. iICOOIdingto 0\,.. Ll\\S a.nd UofOllr Reahn. And h "'"nln theya.l'e hound toa.id U..asthc'rSm.'l:rco Lord.ala11 wheoNccdshall be: Wc('Ommaod}'ou. that }'<111 ('a\'-"'th=Th""" tohe rcad aforc\'OU'1J thes;ud Aeu('h,;md th=to hc.nmlkd Gn."--D al Westm. thc 30th [}dY ofOctobtr (Thc Dl'darduon of7 Ed. I. qllOtOOIll H\s M. ProclamatlOojjTheJooI1-..I,()ftllc I-IoII",of Lords_ Vol 5. I' 112) 
222 IOpltillCU<lIcacIIl'KT..alln..ikK<>III"'H"-"K",II..I640-16r,Orru!OB MY 'JTO ero IL1aCTb lU<teeT 6o.1ee DbICOK)'[O H 6o.ee DbL'IaKJIl(YIOCH npH- l'QIIY,lICMIi![OCTb..'llo.6o.rol13TIHXCYllo.BI>' Jb'l<lHaJ.I 27 MaJ.I 1642 I-o,. IIJXIK,;i(UltillIHIO, -JilIlPCIJIo)IIIlII..YIO 11(;- no.11IHTb nap.I!ID<J('IITCKHil opL\mlallC 0 MII..'IIWIiIl, Kap. I 11C'«J1I.11J1 HJ TOro, 'ITO ;:HOT Op,'lHDa!lC DC 1U<lcC"r 10pHL\[I'!CCKoii CIL%[, nOCKo.bKY IIpHHffi reJ curJlanm EIU Be.lIIJ'Je<TBa. napJ[aMeHTdpl111 IIUHI1Ma.I!, '1TU Cd"b)!:'[ IJepHblii (.noc06 .Jalli[ITHTb op.!lHll<lllC OT KUpD.1eDCFDii npu- K,a,\[lli!!1II - -,,(,cro 3aKOIIIIOCTb. H TaK)'IO no.nb[TKY o.HI1 np2J1- nrIHJlJm II JICKJIaPall[1I! o.T 6 UIOIUI Oil,HaKo. 3Ta lIo.!lb[TKa lHC.'lacb K DeCbliI Co.MIIHTe,lb[(o.!)' )"rnepJKlle[II!lO 0 TOM, 'ITO KOpO.% m.OOU 0'1'- Ka:kUCJI BL)nOJlIDITb COOll lULlr no. 3aJl1IITe nap;<]a!('jITa I] Mllpa B CBo.- M KllJXUCII( ItIl'. B llCiicTBIIIC IhHUCTH:me KapJl I He IHKa;>hlllaJlOlllT Heru. Eu.ee TUIU, Eru Be,UNelTIJU Ht'QdHOIq)aI110 3aHD'lJI11 }[opllil"! H 061IDQlaM. <,1'1'0. roTOB I-IX JaIl\[fHITh 0'1' BparDB. liD npoclL nplJ JTD )'Ka1aTL, lITO o.HH, 3TH BlJam, 11 mc Ha.,«. A nap.;IaMC[rrap[1I! YK-OIlf[.IlCb OT OTBeTa lia llallliblii oonpoc IJ npo.IlOmKa.1II TBepIlI[Tb 0 lIeKHX 3.OBpe.a]Ib[X COBeTIUlKax Ko.poJIf[ It nanHCTax, KOTOpb]e npeJl- CT,lli.!U!I01. J!K0.6b[ o.lIacII)'lo Y!"j)(J.1Y lJ..ml Hecro I«i!XMCIJCTBa J1;[l'o..rlfll.H lIaIHa\ICHT{"KOn 1I1I1J()-\fIIIU! IIpeiU1pIlHIIMa.'lI1 IIlIlIblT- Kii 060cIlDBaTI> :klKOIIIIOCTb npHTHJilnnii nap....muo'IITa KO!I"IJ1D.ItpoBaTb MItJIHl\IUO on(,ITOM npo!illIDro, 110 !Ie HalllJIU,lUUI TaKOro 060cIlOBillUUI V6e.:U1Tl'J[bHb[X I1CTUpII'-1eCKIIX IIpl:Ue.l!l'HTUB 1 ] .And as (heIr Powerls<lerA/C(!lrom(he K]Jhy HIS ycreannntitbe Te'lninoo by His M""""y', Con;m.md. by His Great Seal. orothe"'",,; mlleh less can the Power of Parliament be concluded by H,s MaJNv' Command, In:a"",,, the Aulhurity thereof " of" lugher "mlmore ..minenl Nature Ihan .. oflh""" C"urts. (TheJournalsoflhe HouseofL,rds. Vol. 5. P 112) , 0 roM. 1"() I..wJllbie """brrKll .....iICTBln"e..1bll" "Me.." __ 10, l..Ili\..T....b< '11\'" 06l1apy....",II>1>1 ..{iY""'d"<lJ.;t<""anll"a.IlOCJIe"l1In'epTII,pj'KOIIIICb""om'>III11I Ilpolfibf'1Io'I1II lh6pilllllble lIa6.'I<>"'III 11<111 II I'OTOpI>JMlI ;!.OJ]>KIIIJl1)J\lIIII.!I.o..)I(IIOCT- "b'."" ."III,a.,," II 1I1"JllJIm A"nJlJI. C IIJ] ClbO 1l.!j,.I\, IITa <-O.toWIdTb I!X TI1K, K"K OIllI("IIT<U(JT lleJlf'COOf"pa:tHbl>t. lIanllraHotibl0"TO"poI13P<:fl('Hlle(" Be("bilfJ npllMe- .."re.lb"bJMlll.llJllllleMlllla:"1&12(".('L'III"KOIIII..I64I].IIOIO.'"UIlh<'OIIyKa."Ie't- ,'\3pK1).C""'tlepl1ap.."\IlIflCl«..ionll"""I(llIIemHarTllca."LIJ..>m>'T01PyrmiHe"3' Bel"TllU. C.'l. Selt-<-t Ob<enaiiOo, on the ",,r..] offICI'S. and offK'ffS ilJlbe MILITIA 01- EN(,LAND. \Vith thepowerofth ParlIalTll'Ol: tor;"scthesamc,asthey,;hall 1"l\,I:c expedient &r Colll'l"tecl nd fo\]nd "Unr>Pg the Parers rn (hp la[e Mr J011l] Pymnl (TaK H op]lnllla."c B. T), A l.\cmber ()f House ()f Commons, The Har\c,an Miscellany; Or A Collc<::u()n ()f, ("unou'iIIld entcrt.l,",T1J':pamphlc!,and tract" as ,..dllll lllliOllSCrlpt. as In print found In th ]at Earl of O<!'ic....', Lbmry London, 1810 Vc15,1'1I7-52 
r"lm!a IIIccnrn_ (!:I"P""I"'BilIII'C ,,,,,urnl'" 11Ja>KJ\3"'.'«JH BOHIII>' 223 EbL'JO O'lCBI-liIHO, 'JTO. JIOKa.lblBa5I 3aIIDI-IHOCTI> Op.!llll-ffiHCiI 0 MI1- JlHLllm, npHHHToro JlOpLGiMll 11 06ll1HllaMI1 6ca cor;JaClrn KOpoMl, nap- JlilMeliTdpl1ll Mor'Jl1 nQ.f[Y'IltTb TO."IbKO 01l1[li pe."lbTilT: eUlfO p-d3 lIot<.a- :;aTh lIIaTlWlTh CHllfOli IIII:-IIIIIIIU ITWTOMY H JleK!lilpillllll1, 11:-t/lilHHOH R OTHeT Hi! KOplJ."tCI<CKYIO IIplIK.ailMalp-!IO, OHU uaHHoe I<HI1MilHI1C YJ[l'.'II1- JlI[ HC 0PJll1HilHCY, a npmCJaMilllI-!l1. 11 nOllbJTa.![I1Cb  liTO liC nap.'lajeIITCKllli Op.1H1IaIlC, a KOpoo.eBCKa\I npoKJJaM1WIH lie IIMeeT IOplL1I1'iet"KOii Ul..bl. Ho nOCI.IBIiD nepe.1ll060ii Tilh)'lO ue,lb, IUlOO'IOni nilpJ[i1Met1TI"KUf't OIUJO:;IIW!I! u.iipilJlI! l'ilMb[i1 npocroii clloc06 ee IIOC- TfDKeliltH: IIHI1 pCIlII.'1I1 II()K<f.Tb, 'J"IlII(UPlI;Jb UMt'I.'T TlJ.'IhKO OIMlm.ilU- '-.IeCK}'1O. 4Jop\1R'j(,!lY[0 lli1aCTb. KOTOpa.lllle n03Uo.'I.IIeT eMY orpalUl'UlTb no,lllOMO'tlffi nap.1]ilMeIITa II "lHIIUITb lOpII:lII'iecKoii CIIJlb[ oplUmallc, npHll.IITblf't .oplla[I! II o61l1H1Iarll. O6ocIiOBaJIH]O ;no(IIIe3iI\lb[C.OBiI- TOi1luell 6b[.1i1I1OCD.IIWfOlla l. 'Jilnb nap,li1"rfOIITCKOii lleKi[a- paU.I!H: ...npH3]13.H0, '-.ITO KOpa,'Jb JlBJrnCTCH 1ICT000lll1KOM npilBOcYlIIffi I[ 3<1!l[11TbJ; O.l!lIaKO ilKTbI npaDOCy.l!HH 11 3a!ID[Tb[ lie ocymt'CTBWlIOTCH D Em co6cmelUlOI,[ nepcOlle II lie 3<1IJI!CHT OT Em )I(e.,"WJHrn, 110 ocy- 11l(.1IR..rnKnCH Em CYlt.aJ1-11i U Em MI1HI1CTpaMll, KOTopbIC J[Wl>KHbJ I!C- no.1HJ1TI> TaM CBOi1 ao_r, ,1i\)](C CC.'lI1 KopO.1[I> B Em co6croc'f-JHoil ncp- COlIC 3anpcTitT 11M aTO t<c.,'JilTb; 11 no:JTOMy, XOTH cyacOUI>]C PCWCHIIH Moryr 6bITb Bb]lIeCenb] 1I"1H npoTI1B KOp0.1eBCKOrl BO.I1 II JlH'Juom IIPIII{<UiI, OH!. n'M He MeHee. }l1<}[}JI01UI KOpo.rleliCKHMII cy It'6t1I>IMII pelllCHI1}IMI1. BhlCUKUU CYi1: ITap.'Ia\ll'HTiI HC HUbK!) CYJl. YlIlUHII.\!o- 'Jl"11Hblii '-IaKOHa\IH IJb[IIOCHTb 1)('IIICHlffi U OIlIX'iICJIJlTb npaBa 11 CHO- Oo..nbI KOJXLCBCTBa, npOTI1B TaKHX naTCi-fIOEI 11 rpallToB Em &'JI-I'IC- CTIJa, l\I:JroPUe nilry6l1bI, XOTH II YCII.t'ilb[ KaK Ero JUI'1Ub[M npHK.1JOM, TdK II era npoK.![i1Milmrd't, uq:lellj[eHt1Uii fubUJOii ne'1i1TbIO; HO OH }!B.,HeTC}! TaK>Ke CUlleTuM. IlpelIHaJHa'Jt'HHbIM B CJ[Y'1i1e Heot)JWJ(IIMOC- TH J/fX'il(lTIlpaIIIilTh Ha,ill/lU<lIOIIII1{-'CJI onilCHOCTl1 11 COX!laJ-iJllb 116111t'- CTBe[lIIb]f't Mllp II 6e301lilCl10CTh Kopo.eBCTBa 11 06M1BJrnTb KOpoo.eBC- 1\)'[0 Bomo B TeX lle.'Jax, me <ITO lIe06XOlUl'lO; 11 TO, 'iTO OIiH D llillUIOM (1)"kK:' lle.alOT, l1eceT lIa 1.e6e ne'liITb IWPU!lelJUWI"O aBTOpIJTeTa, XOTH Era Be.r[I['IeCl1JU, 1I011a1l1JlHf[ 11011 1L1II.IIHHe 'Pl-JOI"O l"OHeTd, IJ CBOeii co6crncllllOil ncpcOHC, npOTI1BOCTOIIT ILII npc-IDlTCTB}'CT aTOMY; TaK KiIK Bepxoomrn II KqxneBCKa5I BoWl Kopwl\I (King's Supreme and Ro\'al Pleasure) OCVIU'C1B.!IHf'IOI I[ 06M1nM1eTCJI D:noM BbICOKOM Cyne ITpaJJa 11 COJJee B oo..we DbIJIalolUei1cH I[ 00m.rna1OlQe1[ Mallepe, 
224 IOp'LlIl""kI'Cal.rll1<T"all'-'I"'cK<> PC"''-"K''I''I! 164016r,Orru!oB 'lCM aTO!llO)l(C'l" 6bITb C:IC.'IID1O nOCpClk,BON .'lH'JHom.aKT3 WII1 pcwc- HHH Em Cat>IOIO""'. TIpnBelle[lJIb]e paCCY-m..IeIUI5I iliL111 nap!Jat>leJITapmIM OC]IUBaIll[\:: lIo,'IIHlP;\HTh Ii cBodi i\l'K.l1lJ11111ll1 OT 6 IIfIIH}1 3aKOHIiOClh 1I1111HHI01'0 UM]t OP'lI!HilHC<I 0 MI1;Jlllllnl U HlWX(J,'liUIIICTb J[.il}] I<l'PHbIX IIU'LIOIH- UblX Ern BeJIH'It'CTBa nOl\'IIIIL\lTbC.II lliUIIIOMY ala)'. IIap!JaMenT 6bIJJ npc,'K'TaB.clI B IIIIX B 1ffi'K'CTBC" oprana, clloco6110ro OCylltffTBJL\lT(, ;;<\tIOHO/IiITeJ[bHYIO D![anb GllIIOCIOHTe."IbHU, reJ )''JilCn[H KOpO;IH Bt>!- p<DKeI:lHiIf! :lKe B <iTlL>: pacCVJKlleHH.IIX TpaIITOBI(iJ IWpO.lJ.eBCI(Uf't IJJIdCTII KaK HB.'ICHl1H, oGocOO1CHl-JOm m KOpo.;ICBCKOii ncpcoHw, OT KOpo.ru:l KaK IIUt.1I1'JccKoro .lIIl{a, lIo:mOJ[H.'[Z l13.fLIlliIII.-I-111.KOii Ollllo.1I11(i1l1npl:!l- CTaBIITb HcnOJlllellHe npezmHCaJIIIf! op,'Ulllallca, npoTiID KOToporn 6bLla lIanpaIl..ella RqJQ.rreocKall n)XJUlffi<l-aJ1Il5I, OKaJaJllleM IIO\IOIillI Em Be- J]H'J€l:TI<)', 11CIIlL'IHt'HlIl"" Tom, 'JTlI K 'Jt'M)'OH i'ibl;l oOJI:J<\H KaK KOfKJ.llb. B :!aK"llO'UtTe!Il>HOli 'laLTllllap.."Ii1MetfI'tKUU i\ell...lapanml,"Iupl[bl II 0611lHilW 06'(,JlB.JL1H npOK.IJa\IaIU110 Kap..la I. 3anpClUaBW)'IO HcnQ,lHC- HHC npC"nHC3HHfi opIIHaHCa 0 MWII1I!IIH, "HCJlCiicrmrrc.l('HOH B npa- De I[ He lIMeK1wef't (:1[.%[$. TIpli .ITOM nOHCllJLll1, 'HO TJhOii DblDOll 1IeJIaeTl"H lIMH nOTO!Y, 'JTO "KOIICTlrlVlUlelll1 no.IITlIKOII <JTOrn Kopo- , 41t ISi\ckno\\1edged,that (}Je King IS the FOIITltaln ofJllst!ceand Pro t('(!lon. hUitheActsofJustlceand ProtectlOn3I'C not "xe,usoo m Hlso'\\TI Pernon,nordep"nd 11(100 HIS P1ca-'lIl\', hut hy H" Court.'<, am' hy H" MmNU', \\.110 m\L't <10 th'r D\lty therEm. thoh thc KU]g III HIS O"T1 P"'on should forDid them. and mu"':.." If Jm'#ITIents should"" J:I\'en hythem Ill,t the K,s Wi1! a",' Pcrsnrull Command. yet are they the Kmg"'J1ffiI:"o,. "['k H.,gh Court ofPHrlIament IS nut only a Court ofJlldlCatu,""crulhlcrlhvthcu..."toadJu<f#anddctenmnctheRJ;::ht,andLihcrt,e, of the Kmgdurn. o!,!1,l,rJOi Slld1 P Imt'<. and G""1[S of HIS I\h' '" are prejudicial th"reumo, although st""1l(thcned boih by HIS Pmonal Command and by HIs P",dHlllllion "nder the Grea[ Sellt bllt iI: is Ii"""';"" 1\ Cuund!. lu pn",ide for Ihe Na"""ico; P"'\'ffit Ihe Imrrullnt Da1""" .md pru.en lhe Public. Peace,md Safe[y. of [he Kingdorn and to derl-n [he King's PIe1..I,rein [hose ll1ingsas are rt1jllisi[e thereunlu: .md \\11>111he)' do herein hath the Stdllpuf R..y.d A"thonly. altln, H,s Mlje9;)<se<.luredhye\'ilCo\lllsetdo.inlllso\\"nPerson.oppose<1rilltern'ptthe.....1II'; for lhe Kiol' SlIpnm" and Ruval PIe'.>lIre IS exercised Hnd dedarro. in this Hi,gh {.Ollr( of I-iI\\.' and CollnClI, aftr a mo", "mlllcnt and <1hllJ\tor)' Manner than It (an he by 1\>r,uJ111 AetorResoll1[iollof Iliso\\"l1& (TheJourll<llsuf[he lluil...ufwu..... Vol. 5 . P 112) 'iIoclOBH006 "1'{J'l R.'II'K.3JX\IIlUl 0P.10R II 061IlHH oT6IUOH 16-12 r. roOOpll- mX:b"oc"t.\-<JOIIlCC" ..All HI_' I\}" loVlI1l': SuhJccIS. as well h}' that La\\ as h}' mher l..w-'. archoond to he <1hcd....,t therC\lllto: and what thev do there'n is (ac<:or< '"18 to thall.a\\')tobclnkrJJn.-tcdtobedonemAIdoftheKi.ig.IIID.sccofthatTrust wlllch HCIStiOOtopcrform. (ib,rl P 11:-1) 
r"lm!a IIIccnm_ (!:I"P""I"'BilIII'C ,,,,,urnl'" 11Ja>KJ\3"'.'«JH BOHIII>' 225 JleBITIJa KopOllb lie 'I())I\fl" CIJOeii npoK.a"laIllleti 06NIDHTb 3aKOH BOIIj)('Klt PC[UCHI11O It pc3()/IIO[II1I1 KaKOIlJ.mlOo 113 HH311!HX CY/lOH I1I)a- I<lJCY;P1}1, 1"Opa:J,'[U MeHbllle llpollll< Bb](:UKUIlI CY;13 ITilp.Ii\J\-ICHT3, TIll( KaK, eCJ1H nonycTi'Il1>, 'ITO KoPOlll>, Cooei1: npoK;/aMaUllei1:, "!O)I(eT 06h\!B.mITb npaBO, B CBH311 C '-.IC"! Em np0KJJ3.\13LI1U1 6y.i10'T CTaIlOBHTh- 01 BDelkTBItTeJ[bHUlTII 3<IKOt1ar.n1, <ITO 1I0B..1f:'Jf:T3a cuuuii tiHClIpOB!:p- :lKeHlle3,U\UlliI Clpallb[ I[ npaD II UJo6olllIoA!l,ulllblX"', J]Cluap3l{lU!: 1Op1\OB (I 06ut[1H OT 6 1110HH 16-12 l"OJIa 3aBCpJUlLiI «BOHHY 6YMa[-.! "1GK,.'iY 1-.Op().ICM 11 lIaJL'Ia.\tClHcKoi1 OllllfiUlIll1cii 110 DOIJpocY KOIl'IJXL.II JIM MH.JU:lUHello. 06Mell "j'J:tK.apaU!l5R>II1$ 11 "OTBe- TIl!\IW' npa.'101DK3-1CH \lC"KJ:y IIH"1I1 11 B ,l\a.%lIetillleM, 110 HX -reMOIl 6bl.'ll1 Y)I(f: lLPyn!t' IIpn6.ICMbl ,,6YMiVKHaJI" JKt' 6opbua;j(\ B.acTb HM MI!J[I1illJcii '--bllvar[a UIUIO pam.. [mullloc 311a<1CIIHC ::rrOH 6opb6bI 11CTOpHKI1 )'CM1ITpilBaJOT 06b1K- HOBCHIIO B TOM. 'JTO olla 11.0 npc.:l.c.'Ja r6xTp1tJ[iI KOHI}J.1I1KT "K5Iqy h'OpOJK:''1 11 nap.J"liI,,!eIlT,tpl[HMI[ I[ Te:\! ("iI"lb[1'>[ npIt6.'l1[3IL'JiI IIX I, rp<IJI(- lIaliCKOII Dotine. Iia MOti mrJUUl, <ITO 3!1a'lelUle D llpyl"OM. Crpcr.L'/CHHC UpOTl1H060pCTBOsamIlI1X CTOJ:)OH 06ocHlIl<aTb {:IJUlI IIpln}l:IIIt}l H<I luaUb Ha,,'( "IU,lltllllcii11 lIj)('ilCratllHb UX lI<lp.laMeHTY H ilRCeJ!eIlHJO CTpaJlb[ B 113H6o,1ee y6ellllTe'lLJlOM BIUle 3aCTIlBI-LlO KIDK- nylO (13 H11X pa3pa6cmrrl> CBOIO C06cTBCIIII)'IO 1l0KTpHllY alll".'l11iicKom rOCYJIiIIXTIJeHHurucrpoR, KOTOpa.IJ B YCJJOUI[HX OJIIIc'f.TU'jauIIlt:iiol60pb- 6b[ Ja B.'IaCTb npl[lIlIl>Id.;/a Ha uf).IJ pa.% nU'[IITII'Jecl\oit nporpaMMb[, CTaJ-IOBlL'laCL I-J.i!COJIOnf'lCCKHM :maMCHCM. I ..\Vhcrefore thc Lon!. ami Commons do declare the said Prod",nallrlf1 to be ,'u,d m L,w, and of none Effect. for that. b}' the CrllNilullUH .md Polin of tlu, KlIp!oJITI. th Km.g IN HIS Proclamation canIlOt deda,.., thc La" contrary to the JlLdsementand Reso1uJ.ionofanyoflhe InferiurCourlsofJINilr nillthIt'S> !08ainst ( H.,gh Court uf Par1iamenl. for. ,f II ,,"r ..dmllted thai t Kmg. by HIS prochmation. IIny declare a L1\\'. 100...11\' lIis Prodan,tions wj]] ill f1ft,,1 be<-ome Laws, "IUlh woukl",m to Ihe ",.bve,tin,gofthe Lawoflhe Land and the RQdJL!; .md LheniesnfrheSuhjPlU>(ihid.P 113) '&p.DI<tc'IlIIe .00;;"" ('Y<lU (paper w..r) JI Vlllue.JI II U'lIlIIIIl<III..,_ nm€ lIa(L"Ji\\I(lnrr<o-lIi 'f.'" I(OIlCTU1)"IIlrn<HOii IICTOp"" AHr"III (T1w Parllamcntary <1r ('UlMitutio!l'lllbrory of EogJand. Vol II: From May 20. 1&12. [0 the b.,tlle {)f Edge ':}n:C:B;o:'':i20;;'';'.<1;' ;o MeIITCK""Onno,,,,UlI ""'" ca"Y"',laCTOII"<}',ollponaraIlJl"c1t_,,-ytOBOliIlY oolillY"" }'MhTi\lInJl4i\H 1\a)I(.'WI,,,nPOTlillOliopCTlI}'lOullnno,umI4€<:KII"'Py,,mIPOBoKCTa pa."""b CIl.OllllTb lIa COOIO CTOpo"y K>lK MO""IO (,,),,1LWe ,,"'-"-mllm II 11()""IY"nn T" ca.\lII<lBCIIOCP"""°p">KCllllc60.1LJ1ICo;o..1;taTlI,lClicr 
226 IOp'Llil ""klIC"'.U'1<T," allnl"'l"K" f'C"''-"K''I''1! 164016r,O rrulOB ITpoKJJa"lauUfI Kap.na I OT 27 "I<U\ U cocr.mqellllafl D OTBeT 11.1 Hec IICIGGJ.pallfl}[ JIOJVlOB Ii OOUII1H OT 6 (llOm[ BblJ>IDKa.lH B03.1pCHIUI KOIX).!)] 11 lIap.'laMeHTCI{(Ul 1I1II11J:111111111 HCI (:YlIlHIICTb Kl1j111.'le1<CKUi.j DlIOCTli. MeCTO KOp0.1f1 ! nap.'l3MeliTa B nOJlIITU'lecKoti CI1CR''\Ie. ml[ BOJ3pcmlH 6[,],111 B '-.!CM-TO CXO,[\]Ibl, 110 11 (E,l.,uI'JIIW BO MIIOI"OM. Om1 UIiIlpa.II!Cb Ha Unb1T npolU.'[oru. Ha unoplllD .-caF.OHQlIiffe'JbCTB<I, Ha npaBOBble I[ npono IICTOpl!'Ienme npeuen:et!Tb[. HlUwma npe:lK1le HC'TOplifi HC BW3bIBaJ[3 B AHr.'11!11 TaKOI"O 6o.1blllOro }'BIDJ-CHH5I K ccOc Hem_II> 011)()MHOm IIHTcpcca, KaK H IIpCiIjIHCpl1l1 rpIDK,J,aHCKOi1I!Oi1- IIb[. Ho <ITO 6b]JI oc06b[i'! ullTepec. HCTOpl!'1ecKHe 311allHfI YBam, KaK YBIDKa]OT opY:llme. K HC'TOpIl'leCKoMY onLIT)' oopawa-'ll[CI>, r.'13D- Hhl"t n(IfJa:JOM, IJ,.UI 1XJHI, 'JTofihI HaiiTl1 yfiC}[lIIe IbHhlC apl}'''ICHTb! JI.,'1f1 o6orHOBi1HI1f1l'BUei1I1U311wm ITO.'[IITl1'1etKI!e B033peHI1f1 He 6b1- eoiJu.w 113 :noro OnL[Ta, a 6bl6llllU6lLlU B IICM, 'JT06bl nOKpl>]Tb I1X n('!''ll>1O npow.oro, KOTOJ}ill] B TornawHllx IIJ¥-'O,IOI"II'JCCKIIX cnopax uellll.'JiIl"b KiIK nOJO.;jOTa. flOTOMY 'HO l'nOpb[ :!TI[ 6b[.11! CnOpi1MI[ 0 TOM. KOMY JlOJIHtUa B 6yilyweM npHlla1l.1Jf?KiITb IJ.1i1CTb lIalI CTpaliOil. H B HHX I!CIaL1(1 He HCTl1Hbl, 3 u06CJlbl .1KJ6oli IICHOii ITOCKG;JbKY IIIIHIIMa.,U!, '1TO I< yc"IOHI1}IX T()ll[i\IIIHefi Allr';JlUI Jlofit'l[i\ KaKIIU-.Ulfio no,lHTI['ICCKOii rpynnHJX>BKI1 B W\eoJJO[1l'1ecKoii BOrUle 6.1a- ronpHflTIlLle nnoclL'lKI1 l\!lfl 6YilYnteii ee no6e)lbl B HaCTOflWdi - HeUvMiUKHuli IIOliHe .. C TO'IKII 3pelIl!fl c.ll»IIl!DllJeikfl B AHr.'1IU[ K 4O-,,! mJIa"'- XVII De- Ka IOPHilll'JCCKOi1 KOHCTPYKUIU! roCYlIapCTBcHHorocTI)()fl60pI>6a KO- I)()J[}[ C lIapJ[3MCHTOM H lIilpJ[ateHTa C KOpO_ICM 6h]J[iI IJ03MO)/(Ha IIl1lUb B O'1ellb orpam!'JellllbJX npelle.'1ax. B CDOIIX Bb[CIU!X I}>opMax Kopo.eBCKaJ[ BJiacTI> Moma OCynll'CTR!lHTLCfI TO_LKO B COellllllelll1l1 C lIap;JaMeHTCKI1MU 1I1I}IHIIMII'JI}]MI1. LleIlYT<lT ITa.rlaTbI OOlill1H fe- upr LlI!I{j1l (Gror1'f! Dq>,bu, 1612 1677) I"OlJOPI!J[ 06 <!TOM B cDoei'! nap.'laMCIITCKOii pc'll[ 19 29 flIIBapfl1640j1641 rolla: «Hcnilla, C3p, 3aK,11O'lacTCfI B TOM, 'JTO KOPOJib A1IL'IUU HltKor.aa He CTOI1T B cBocii CJlime, B CBoeM BeJlI!'1I11[, B CBoeM Be,ul'JeCTBeHHOM CYBepeHilTeTe TIlK, KaK D nap.m.llelllnox. [lie nOmiO/l-lO'1l1e 1I<13]Ia'illTb IGL10n!? [He IIO.rlH(J/l.tIl'JIC 1j!J{'ClilHaH.U!llliTb Ij IIpal<()(:lIoco6.-JOCHI? [;IC .-taKOHO- J[i\Te}]bllilll I\ili\l,h? Clle..IIIHl'Hbll< KOpll}le, MI10ep UIl(lf{p. Ho KilK? B K0JX>.e. oKpy)/(eIllIOM, YKpen.elllIOM II YCII,leIliIOM em llojJJla- .IIl'W1lOV. Kopo.I> Bile napld..llellma I!MCCT orpaJII['lCIIIIYlO, O<[Cp'lCII- HYW IOPI[l..l!IIKUI!W. Hu cUllptJPO.oK.IaeMb[ii CDUIUI-t nap.Ja.tfl'llmO,1j III! O.l!HH MOJlapX Bonoli<l!le flIL1f1eTCH CTO,lb a6CO,lIOTHb[/I.t B pacce- 
r"lIIaIIl'CT.rn (!)opMI'I"'BilIII.ellolC'L"IOmIl11L1>K.l\3I1CKOHBOHIII>' 227 l1Dalll[l! lIellODOJlbCmat-'. C lIpyroii CTopollb[. U n3p.![3MeIiT lie Mor lldkrno!l3Tb 6C3 KOpO_'J}["" CMCpTb KOpO.![}! !I.![('K.,13 33 coflQfi aIlTOM3- TH'JeCKIUl PUCIIYCK lIilp;JaME'HTiI. TIap:JaME'HTClWe aKoHollpoeJ{Thl II pellJemu] n3p_13ME'IIT3 no ne'l3M, paCCM1Upl1BaBllJHMCR B nopHllKe H).{nM'J),ICIlTa, MOI"RI1 no.1Y'1MTb 10PilJ\II'JCCKYfO CU_'JY TO,11>KO nocJle Kupo,1eBl'Koru YTllepJK1leHI1R. He CJ[Y'1i1tiHO. KUPOJlb Mb[CJlI1RCH HeOTbe"UeMu(J '1i1CTblO nap!MMeliTiI. Bcc aTO o.1Ha'Ja.10, '1m l(D(JO'II> II n3ILlaMCHT COCTIllI"UI.'l11 II 3Hf' .QI1ik...-oli IIOJll1TI1'JCCKOH CltCTCMC 'MC),!CHTb[ Ci1.f[HOI'O OPI"3H3. BCJ)XOB- 1I0r[ B.Qal'T11, M 060C1peilMe KOII<)J.U[tcra 'IE'"Aay IIHM!! ilO npeKpilllleHMR MX crnpymUI'leCTBiI, no nO.'llioro paCKo.1a lIell3lJe>Kuo BbI31>]I!a.10 napa- 'III'J nJCYJ13pcTlIeHHllnJ opriu-m:n!iI. TIPUTlIII06op:TliUIIi1BUllle l"IOpOt1b[ xupowu Ha.111 "'Y OCo6eH- 1I0CTb TpallliUHOIlI!oH 10PIUII1'JCCKOH KOIIClp}'KlIIII[ roCYMPCTBCIIUOro CTI)()5I. Ho II),!CCTC C TCM 0111I nOliIlM3.l["" 'JTO Jl3.'IbHdlwcc o&x--rpcHlIC h'Uf-i$nIlKTa Mev HI[MI! RDJl5leTCR Uel[J6e>t..!Ib[),! I[ npeDpawelllle ero II rpa:iKllilJIC},,"YIO 1I0!1uy - B IIb]cwef1 CIffil'IU1 BepOHTIlb]M. TIoHHMaHI!CM 3TOflJ BO MHOIQN Jll1KTOB3.IOCh 1I01JC1.CHIIC KOpOJlM II lIap..aMeHTtKOli IIIIJIO:iI11P-III 1«'(.H01i 1642 111)[<1. K<11)!1 1 IIPI1!lill<IJJ 6o.1I>lIme YCiUJUI JIJIH TOro, IfID6w CK,lOmlTb ua COO[O cropo!!)' IffiK MO)l(}j06oJIblllce '(IIC..'IO nap.'l<lMeIiTaplleB, n06Y!lJITb I1X nOKlfilyrb YacT- MllHCrep I! IIpJI('()I;'JlI[HI1TbCR K Hell])' TI"p,la,,!eHTCKa.5I JKe UIUIU::JJIWm crapa.bYb lIi1ii1u II IOPILUI'1('{:KOf1 I\OIICTPYKUIIIJ roc)'aaJXTIJeHHoro CTpoH AHr.1IUJ 6o.TC L111 \!C'HCC y6c.n11TCJlblU,[C OCHOBaHIUI Jl..,1H I)JyHK- 1111OHHpOH3liH}[ 113p.'I3MCHTa H Ka'JCCl"HC ;JCrHTHMHOffi opraH3 BCPXOB- 1I0H rocy.uapCTBelilloii 1L1ac111 6eJ Y'laCTlI5I Kapo.'lil I. TIOHCK T3KIIX OCIiOBaJlIIJ:'! 61>L1 CTHMy.1'Jl1poBaJl B 3I1a'JjJTe..%1I0J:'! Mepe CTp1..1e!IIICM lIap 1d"leHTapl1eH JPIKa::JaTh ::J(\I(UHHlICTb IIpJ[IIHaI1Ca 0 K()MaH/lUBaHHH MIt.'[I[Wleii. 11p1[HRTOrO HMH Ue::J cor..'JanJR F.JJpU'IR.. Hu ewe 6o.1ee Da.JK- I .The truth is:-'ir. the Kin,gsof E'l/Yondare never in theirg1(1)l in their opImdur. in their M'"'li'-Jue So'<em\W'lY. bllt in I'arOOm tIfS. Where is the po\\-..,.r uf Imp""IJ,I(Tax"," Whl'I'C.sthe.........(rofrcstonll.':fl1'm ,ncapa,'t"'? \\rl...rc.sthe lesb1a[iw Auloo.ny? Marry ill tlk" KinS. Mr Spahr. But ho\\"? In tlle King circled In, fort,ficd :and l'v,noaled h}' h,s Pmha_ The KIll.': out of RJrfIl1lIlml hath :a limiled.a circul]l'<{1 hedJlIlWlktion. BI'[ wayte<l on h}' his ParlIIl1l-nl.no Monarchof the East IS so ahsolutc In d,spe'hlJ,l( C""c,'.aru:",. (The Lnrd D speech m [he HoIlS(' of COnimonHO the H,II fol"tnl'IlI\1all Parliament-s.Jan 19 1640 /lThe Speeches of thc L"d DiM In [he H.,gII COlin uf PmlIl1l1I TIt (UU"'\l1J,I( grrvdOCCS :and [he Tncnn,a'i Parllamcnt umdon, 1641 P 2) 
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232 IOpltiIICU"'CacIICKT" alln"ikKOII f'CHI'-"K"I,I" 1640-1660 rrulOB KOpo.ru:i Kap_a I. BepxODll)'1O D.IJaC11> D Anrnl!fkKO1 rocynapcTBe CTaJI oon IOII(aTb O;\HOII&laTHblii lIafMIDIIU-IT Pt'Ij()!HOlIUIIHHble nJ6blTl1Jl, lIj1ollrXO.ilUI<IIIHt' I< AHI:;JlUI Hl( HOii 11 JJeTOM 1642 1"01la, no CDOe\I)' DO:lllftlomuo lIa rocyll.apCTBO 6LI.'l11 no- 1I0611b[ 3C\!.!JC'IpslCClIHIO. OJIl1I1C YIIH'I1O>KIL'lII3)lamm allr.'1llikKofi 1"0- cYlIapc,-ueHH<XTII, HO BI>I3Ua,IJ B lJt'M l"pellil1lJb[, IIPWIDIJBWI[e Ilpt'- lIeJlb[1O HUJO ero IKTI[lIlIoe (()("J(IHlllle KOIU})J[I[KT K2p_a 1 C nap.'Ia.\!CIITcKOii onl10311l!ucii no BOn)Jocy KOHTp()J[H HM MHJII1II1-!cil U K))c[IOCl"b1O faJ[J[ IIOKa.1a.'l, 'J'!"O IIpcJICTIlB- }Jenl!e 0 nepXOBIIOH rocYlIapCTBelUJOii 1L1acTI1 B AJlr.'1HH K.1K 0 BJk1CUI, ocuoBalluoii lIa coelUmem[1! llo.IIOMO'lHf't KOpo..UI II nap.l!ID<tellTa, lie OhllO IJb'\..YMI((III 11ile<}.,IOIUH (Tt'OJlora PI1'laPJ1<I XYKl.1)<Jl, IlpaHOlJl'{/)IJ 3DYdJIDiI KYK.l, J]JKeiilll(<J YiU1T;JUKa 1 I[ lip.), HO rnpiUKiUlO .l!elk"rnl[- TC,l(,HOCTb. KOpo..1b, nmllclUl(,Ii1 1lQ1I.lI,t']»K1[ nap.'la!CIITa, 0Ka3L!Ba.1CH HCCllOCflftlbIM IIaHH.'II>!BaTl, cOOJO B()J[IO nO)],i!aHH('JM, npooo;l.lITb £I CTJmHC a.6c-rneIhIYJO IIO.'[)[TIII<)'. l(eiir:mH5J )!Ie nap_.I"!t:'IITa, lie llo.1,)"1l!BWlle CanKUI1U KOpo..UI, lie 11Ne11ll1Oplutll'Ject(01I CIUbI. KapJ[ 1 D CBoeM OTBe- TC Ha,l('KlilpaJ.II11O IIOP.lIOH 11 0611!IIH OTHOCIII<-'!JbHO fa:L'la. JjaTI1I)()BaH- HII"! 4 MiUI 1642 m.l[il, 1111(""0:1..1 06 :-HlIU lJjaItMOCIJ}I:-iIt I<hlUlnlX 1Ij1I'ilHIIIJ rocYllapCTBenlloll BJJ&CTII Anr.'JIIII: "J\..Th[ O'ICII(, xopOWO 311&('1\I Beo1l!- 1<)'10 H HeOl]Jallll'leHll)'1O ILlaCTh nap.aMCIITa, HO MM 3HaeM TaK >Ke, 'ITU UH<i Ti!KiUI TUJ[I>KO D TOM O!h[C'le, 'ITU Mb[ HIL"I}!!oMUI <Ji\l.'-hlO.:no£O nap_<O.[eJlTa. Ee3 Hal' IJ oonpel(I1 Ha1V l.or.'l<l("lIlO, 1"o.1oca I(,ll(oH- 'lu60 J1JIH oOeI1X 1l3JlaT BIIIlCTC" He 1l0!l)KHbI, HC MOryr, He fiyll.)'T (CCJII1 Mb! "II))KC\! 11:J6l'maT(' 9TOro pa.llit 6.1[al"'3 Ha[hHX nO;IJI,aHHbIX. TaK >Ke K3K 11 lIawero <XI6cmeIiIiOro) 3anpewaTb 'JTO.nH60, 'HO 1I1L'lIIeTClI I!C- no.ll>3ve\1b!M no Jllimuy, Hml !lrno.1I>30BaTb 'lTo-.'1u60, :<anpeil\elllloe ;j(JI\Ot1OM, HI! IIpll JlIo6uii i1t'}Jt'Melle, KompiUI MII.II\:t'T6bITb (>CY'ilKnJ'll'- Hi! fu'lll MHpa I[ PJi!CTbH KopoJ[eBrma, MN He lIUJI>KHbI. lJe 6yJ[[ orna.1blBaTh £I cor'lanm. 11 M('I IIC COMIICBaCNCH £I TO[, IJTO BCC HaWIi iJ,OOp(,[C nOJ]J(aHHbIC .'Jcmo )JaCno.1H3.lm, B KaIroN onaCHO1 COCTOHHIIII 11 6ec OHI[ ilO.'lJK/lb! 6yllYT co Beer[ Heo6xowl"lOITblO I[ Helt3- 6e)l(IIOCTb[O Ol(,13aTbCH. ecml nOcpellClUO"l rlJ.,1OCOB IIml nOCTaIlOILe- , C,,_, Hooker R. Of toc Laws of Ecc"-....Ieal Polity II The w"'s of that ltwIlt'dandjlldiciollsdi<:ineMrRkhardllmkerwirl1anacrountofhisliff'ilndde.1th h}'lsaacWalton_Seventhromon_Vol3_0dllrd,I888_P408-409 'C"., ("wI;, The Fm'lth Partofrhe Irt<ur\,rcsofthc 1-<!\\.sofEngland,cnncem'ng the ]UJ1sd,ct,on of Omits, Thc Fifth romon London, 1671 P I , C,,_, J-Ia1tf.nwtb 1'" 11 HlStol)' of I:':n...hsh La.. umdon, 1966_ Vol 6_ P 85 
Lalla '" 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III'!.' IIolC'L"IOnll! Ipa>!<JI<IlICKOH BI)HIII 233 Hllli KaKnii-JlIl6l1 O}[HIlII UI11J6cIIX lIiIolaT HO:-\IIl)f(HO 6Y;I<.'"f l1;iMt'HHTb HiIC"lt'JlUU3Hlle, dHHY>U[PUBaTb IIOKYIIKI1, UTMeHI1Tb lIepellil'lY llpall H3 I!lIt)'UlCCToo, K BepXOlJllOii :'IaKOHHUl[ 1L1aCTH OTHOCltTbCJ1 (" npe::JpeHl!eM H I1fKrrl1I<HTb(.")I eii, I!.\!CHHO :-rrllI1Ml'e"f Ml'(HII< Halll!.'," CJl)'4ac C filo"l- !]OM, II eC.'1I1 <ITO U)( r.IH UleT Halllt' HalT01l1l1ee, TO 110 TaKlI"IY:lKe llpa- BILlY OliO 'I0JKeT CT<lTb BaIll["13aBTpat-'. PaCCM3TpHI<3CMblii ]\OKYM{'HT IIpIlMC'!aTC,lCH TCM, 'JTO KaJu I -rpIrA'II>I YIIIITpl>(;11jl I< HeM rpll:-IHOe (.!]IIUOClI4eTaIiHe "cIVIl war (rpilll\:- lliIHCKa.If BUIIHa)i>. "He BU IL'IaC"IlI K;]Kllx-!III60JII!u, - .Ja.lfILUI'1 OH, II 'JOCTHOCTII, 1I06YJII1Tb Hac 1I0}[HJlTI> opy.d<JIC IIpOTflll Hamcm nap.. !]3MeHTa II HalllHX lPJ6PblX IIOIL!ilHHblX H y)I((\{"Hbl'" 116pa:-IOM I<Hepl"- Hyrh <frO Kopo.l'l)l"T[j() Ii IT'<DKi-.aHCKylU Bu]iHy& £("'11I KaKaH-HI16Yill> I"fiIDI'.GlliCKaJI HlIlIHa Bce >Ke pa3pa.JI110], Y1HCp»;.ta.1 KOPO!lb, 11 Bc.IC:1- l"T1<11t' 'Hliro IIfXLlbl.'TCJ.I Kj")(ll<b 11 HallYllnr pa:..pyxa, <,EIII" II HaIlla UUt-nIl'HHaH (:UUt'CTI> rullOpl1T HaM, 'JTU M!>] 'i1!CT!>]!> Em Be;ut'lccTI!O crapa:JcJI BH)'IIIUTb CB0I1M 1I0Jl.,I2HHb[,,!, 'JTO He IIH Pa;;l)f(IUC!..'1 H AHrJIUIIIIII:>KaP 1-p3}K;@HlKlIii I\O[iHbI, 3 IIrX)Tf!I<IIlI{JHH- WaH e:\IY rpYll1l3 lIap.:J3MeHToIpl1elJ. OrKa::J KO"IeHJ\i\HT3 ra.I.Ia, 1I00l'lI!- HJ1BWerOCH npl1Ka.1aM lIapJ BnY("TIlTh em B KpenOCTb Kapl[ I IIpC}[Clatl'UlJl I< K;!'1\XTI«.' IiJl{Ta, CI<I1)[!.'TC'lbCTHlIual<lIICI1I 0 TOM, 'JTO IIpOTIIII Fill K(IJXJ;JCI\CKOro Bt'!II1'Jt'lTlla H3'1aToI 1<01iHa. "Mbl Ht'lIpe- TCH"J,YCA.t Ha TO, 'JTOOb] MHome nOHJ1MaTb B npaoc, - :J3JlBJlH., KO- pOllb, OJ1HaKO IJ IJOUpOLC 11:-IMCHbl Ha.\! 6bli0 npCIIIWlHo 3TUM nap" !]a'!.'H.mM "IHIII1I yplIKlIIJ, H ec,lH CMb[{"'1 Croll)'"!<\,- nplIH}lTOIUI< 25-M IUJl..V npaB!IClllt51 3J\'yapJta III, HC CJlnWKOM OT'IJ1'Jat.'1\"H OT 6YKBb[, nOCTYIIoK C:'Ipa ):VKoHa ro-r.'IMa 6bLr[ HI1'JC1 l1Hb[M, KaK HBHO[j I'OCYJtap" (."TI<t'HHIII'1 11:-IMeHoii. H Mbl 6bl.'ll1 61>1 Ilpe;ipeHHU l"'-IYllbl. €C.,II 61>1... r ..We vel)' well Imow the great ,md unlimilecl Po,,",,! of a Parliamenl, bUI We kno",as,,"elilhat Illsonlvin lhatsn"',,,, Weare.. Pan oflhat Parliament. Without liS. and 19Mnst Our COIwn(. (11e Votes of ('ilher, or both liouses WW1hl'r,ID\lst not, elll!iDl",]lIl1nOl (If We ."m help Il for Our SubJt'tI sake,,,, ,,"ell as OurOWII) forbid any (h;ns (hat is enjoynoo hy (he Law or er!Jr>'l'n any (111118 (hat i. Wbidd II hy the Lm, but in my such Allem[ion, "hic.h 111  be for the Pe11t.., ..lid HaPP'I1eos of the KlI1.':dom. We h",..!.' not, .11all not rcfu<;c to COII<;cnt: And We rlollht Ollt, !JU( (!Jat aD OurgoodSubjt«s\\,jlleasilydN.l'ITin"hatalDi..enlJlo.lnsecuriIY'lIldconfINoli th!.'\.mustncc=nly;mdmcvlI"hl)'he.lf[)c<;Ccnt.mayhea.ltercd, Purcha"""",,.(Icd, A\'r.uKt"<and COll\'eya\)("t'Scilncelled. (he St>nfflltn legal Allthori(yrlesp;,'ooa1111 "-"'I'\tcd.!Jv\!otcsor Onkrsof",thcrorboth Hrnl,cs;and tin. Wea.,csurc ,sOurCa" at HIJD; and "-' It rs Ou.... toclay, hy (he ""m!.' Rule i( may he (hell (!Hj)f,;T{"''' (lirs M'Yestles Ans".." (Q the DeclaratIOn of both Hou"," conccmm.g Hull Sent 4. May 1642 London, 1642_ P 1-2; 'TheJollrnal.ofthc Hou<;cof Lon:k Vol 5_ P 50-51) 
234 IOp'LlIllI:<J:IIC"'.III'KT," allnlllll"K" ,"""'-OR"I"" 1640-1660 rrulOB VCO'lUILUKb 06bHBHTb ern ItJMeIllIHKOj; [ TaK <rro HJlIJ lIeT, 110 ec,1H 011 npeliCTIlBJlReTDI TaKllM, TO M(,] lie TpOOyeN IIHKaKOrO lUorn CYlliI, KpOMe TOro, t(()1Upb[H 3i1KOH HilJt1i1'lHJI Ka:;KllO'Iy nOllJlaHHOMY"'"'. Kapil I I<hll YHl'j1CHH(J(Tb H TOM, 'JTO H(.' HajlYlIIWl IIOllbllMJii <mTOjHb _:-lal\DtfHblM lIlo(:o6o'-! lIlOH lo&: rnet1Hb]t' Ht'O(JIOpllll.lblC UpJ1HH'It'rUH!> 33KOI-1I1B AHr;ulH H npHBlllIeI1tii lIapll3\K'I-ITa. 06N1B.![CHUC )/(C c:Jpa J])Kona fOT.ma IIJMen!ll]KOM D.O npOBe.!leUUR CYM IIMIIHM Ero Be- JIIJ'IeCTOO C'1ItTd,l Bno.;me OnpalJ.lli\lIlIb]1\.! B TOii 06cr;:llIoBKe. "PaJBe CTpaX[ I! nO.!103peUHH lie o6xoiurrcR 6eJ D.51CTBHTe'lb!iblX II lle06xo- lLUMb[X UpM? 11 pa;mt' Mbl i1U:IJKHbl, KUl11i1 IIPUTI[I! Hill PaJIDf.-I,Ui.1 HacrmlUllliIooHHa, lot1.llQ!lan <Po.!JMb[, CTh1Ui laKOHO[ HC IIPC'/Ulucau- IIb!C? > BOCKJIHWLl OU B CIIO('M OTBcrc lIa i1CK-'JapaLlUIO ROp.!lOB [ 06w.!tH OT 4 MIDI 1642 roM. IlapnaMellTCKaR omWIIlUIJI TruoKe rooopn.'k1 06 OnaCIiOCTI[ !prot(o. lliIHcllnii BOiiHb], HO B[HOBHbJM Beepl::!IDfJb]B<lHI1l1 06N1B.m1Jli\ Kap.'[i\ I. TIpH 310111- I< Ka'll'CTBC rlaliHoroJlOKa.1aTC_lbCTHa CT]1CIIt ICHml KlIpoml K 1<[li1Ht' Hi\:-\bJIli\.'IIICb IIIllIblTI\11 Em Bt';IH'It'(THi\ nj"IJJMI1p<maTb HlIlJpy- )/(CHH(,]ii OTpH,ll. Kap.;i CooOllIaJI B ClIO(' onpaBJ(aJ-JI[(" 'JTO MeIl3CT 06.1a- BecH!Cb Rlllllb oxpailof'l.4-R COOH, 110 napn:lMeIiTIlplU[ 3a5IB.j!5l:;<Jlt B U[- :iC;:I.::: K;::T:I:(d:1 != B<lH11I1 <!Toro dJaKTd (;OHMel:THiUI KOH4It'Pl'HIII'IJ.l Irup/[OH H 061111lH IIpU- I-UL1a 20 MIDI TPI1 pe3OQIO!U-JH. B n peoU H3 HItX yrBC{))K,ll3J[OCb, "TO "-KqJO.'Jb IIThlepeBaeTCJI nO)1 B.I]HIIl]eM i!;ypllblX COBellIHKOB pa3ID1JaTb Dof'lny npOHm nap'nMellTa, «OTOpb[ii nIX'.l1llo.!Jar.leT DO DCex CBOIIX COJJeT3X I! lleJ[CTBII5iX UHKah-OO ue,u[ D..1J.\I coo}!. KpoMe Ja60TbI 0 era KUp<JJtelJCTlJe [ 11UilL1HeH[J1IiOIKUru .l!0.'I1<1 [<:QXJAIHelil!flllpt'!li\HHOC- TI1 K em ncpcOHC"': 00 6TTKJf'Ult up[UHalJa.![OCb, "rffi pa.llli[3b[liaUItC 1(1)- po:JCM Boiill(,! npoTlm nap.;JaMCHTII JlB,1J.\ICTCH «uapyrnCIIIJeM D.OBCP[UI, I(I)TO]J('!M 011 OO.('ljCII CBO!tM uapO.!lOM, npOTI[BIiO cro K.U1.TBC H BC)1CT K )'i1H'ntDKt'III1!Oern npaB.1e!ilUI.'>; BmpermRli P"J01UOl1l11J 06N18.1JR.!I0Ch: roT. KIO 6yn('T C'[Y1KI1Tb ItJI[ OKa3bJD<lTb eMY cunelllTBHe B TdKHX BUt'[- Hax, 6Yill7 C41naTbCJ.I IUMt.'t1HHKlIM 110 <PYHJ[CIMlHTa.bllbIM :-IaKOHilM <lTOroKopoJleOCTBa... "I11.eJournalsohhe Housc()fLonk Vol 5_P '>1 'P,jcl.P52 -, The Journals of the Housc()f COIiUIJr,ns Vol. 2. P 581 'lhH\o.m 'n",Jcm "Ih,dem 
r "1m'" IIIccnrn_ (!)"p"I'p"BilIII.e '''' IUIIIlIIIIpa;;<J\a"'.,«JH BOHIII 235 TIp(tBellellllb]e pe;J(),TIOUHH nOKaJb]n.lIOT, '{TO It nap.;JaJ\-le[ITCKaJl OIlIlO3JII((!}[ roTOlJlt.r[ach K 1IlHU«)fi BoHHC J!KOOlBOi:iHi\ O Ht'TO:lbIWCT().'IKHOBt'HI1€ I<OOpylK€HHbIX CI1Jl, 110 II npOn[DOCTOHUlle IL'leo.rIOn[i:'t. B IJIWKlklllCKOn BOnlie llileo.10nl- '-lCCK3JI 60plha npuof.pcmc-r occ6:x; 311a'-lCUlle. no6cJ:\a B llcii 0C1al'T- 01 roii CTOpOIie, KOlUpaR CJ'It't'T y6e.1U1Tb B u,oeii IlpallOTe 6U,lblUl!H- cmo COUTe'1ecmeHliHKOB 1LH illlml!t'tCl<HX nap,liIMeIlT.lpneD, I"OTO- BHBIIII[J:C5I &'CHOri 1612 roM K BoiiHCcco6cmcHHb!M KOpOIIeN. rJIaBliaR 1II"tI-XUCMa 3aK.r[KJlIa.laCb HC Ii CfUJlaHIU[ apMlll!, liO Ii Bblpa60TKC 110.,111- nuw-npilllOllOll IIOlOpllllb[, cnoc06l1oi1 OnpaDlliITh HX BbiCTYIlileUl1e npoHIBKatna I. COl:;J;;CHOJICUlTHlIHaHllIl"'IY IlpaHY AHI"JlllikKOIll K(lplI,lt'III:IHiI pa.l- B>l3bllI<IHHt:' 11O[!Hbl npUTI1B KUpU,lJl C'iIITa;IOCb IIP[ >lK.JUb[X eXx-nm- l"C.,l(,C1l'r1X rocYMpclBCIIIIOn 113"iCuoH (high treason). 3TI1 lIopMa 6bL1R YCTIlHOB.'lCHa ".!l($.'lRpaLUk.-ij 0 TOM. (;,'al;1k.' npaBOHapYIUCHItH ;!,omKHW pacCM,IlJI!JDaThOI B l(,l'{t:'lTIJe I1JMellb]"', 113lli11111Oii 3.uydpJlON III no npocb6e JlOpllOB H 06ll1HII lIa nn.UU<lTb nJiTOM rony em np.1B.'lelll1fl. B IIcmpll'-lcch"Oli :UII'Lpa'1}'1X' HalHaHHb[fi 110K)'MCHT 113HeCTCH 6Ubllle KaK Cro\TYT I1;JH .U.T nfi l1;iMl'HC 1352 I1IJ[a (TTt'ason act, 1352).... B lIeM rOOOpn.rIOCb: ..TIpHlllt)'[aR BO BlIllMaJllle, '{TO no U3ClOSlll\f:'lU Bpe"iCIiH cyuKC"fI'IyDI" pa3.11l'ilibIC MlleUIUI OTIIOCIITeJJbllO TOro, B Ka- KOM c""IY'J,\(:' C.r[enyeT I"OBOpltTb 06 1t3Mt'He, 0\ B KaKUM - Her. F.JJpOJib 110 npoa.6t:' .rIop.i10B 11 06ll1HH IIJllaJI ,1.eKll<lpaunlO m[)Kt:'CJle1l..VlOlliero co- IICP)l(lliJUH...f>'  UL10 onucaJ-Juc Jl('fJCl1jIlH, KOmpWC IJaJI.,l'IO OTH(,IHC Tpah."TOBaTb H Ka'JCCTHC IUIIICHb[ COBCplllHlillll1M IlaHHOC IIpC- CT)'lL1em[e npHJllan.UCH "pI! TOM II TOT, KTO ..no.l!III!Maer oorruy npo- nIB lIaIIX'IU rocn01\(tlla Kopo.'lII B em KO)JOJ1ffi('lBe R,111 BUCl)'illIf'T B Ka'lt'lTBt:' lTIIIX)HHI1Ka upalUl< KOpl1J1SI I< ero KupoJlt'I<CTHt:', UlQl3blHaJ! HII-I IIUMOIllb [ 11OtJ.,lt'p)l(K)' B Kopo'teDCTBe, I1JJ[ D KdRO'\t-JlI!60 npyruM II-Il 3.nyapa: KYK OTMC'1a. B CBOHX I(()\IN('IJTapH5IJ: Ha :ny HOJ111-1Y AKTa 1352 rollil OOIlJll-leUe, '{TO BC1)'1UIeHHe D BOnllY npoHm KOpo.rrn C'1HTa- r A dethnilUfl ,,1]kh <ifenr..s shall be <ldjudged lwason II The Stat1ltem L1rge. from the I'ifteenth Yeal"of K, Edw"rd III to the Thirteenth YearofKII1 Hen!}' IV indllsi\'e.Cambri.iw.1762.Vnl2.P50 , GOu S, home leve de gUITC eontre nostre d1t SCIJ':IlIIr Ie ROI en on m,alme ou ,.,jt ahcrrlant ,,-, enemy' "O'<tre S("nur Ie Ro, en Ie I,,'almc donant" eux dd ou (onfort en on rOlalmc ou par ",llour.; & dc cro prO\."bkmcnt 01t a!lamt de overt fmtc par gcnuddourcond'(lOn.(lh'd_P51) 
236 IOpltiIICU<IICacIIl'KT" alinnikKO" I"'''''-Offll,'lll 1640-1660 rrulOB JlOCb «rocynapcmelluoti 113Melloti (hJ,gh trEason)" no common law, «TI\K KaK lilt OllHlI nOlll\aJlllblli lie Mor nOiJ;[UlTh BOHIlY B npe,1,eIUIX KOpo.'JcBCTBa 6eJ pa3pCllK'IIIUI KOpOJIR, nOCKo.1i(,KY::ITO npaBo npUM- .'ll")IGi.'1O To.'i(,KO C!Y1> Ha Tmr OCUOBaHIIII, 'JTO 1I'11l'UIiO lIa l(()(JO>Ul6!.Ula BO.l.,JO)/(CI-Ja 06aJ3.HHOCTb -«CllacaTb H ">.1l1tHlitaTb CHOC kopo.lCBCTIJO OT IJI)(\lUH(l.c Rm clt'dro[t cloit !ii\Vl'reldcfcndcr son Teilrn vcrsen!;'Jnlcs)!>'. COHpt'Mt'HHh]i1l1nopHK upaHa.IJ.)\(. &:I;I;-J",H 1I0001al<IeT, 'JTO 1""paJ<;- JUBK<! Botitib[ IlpoTIIB KOp{}.- B Ki['JeCTIIe l"<X"ynapnBetUioti ItJMf:llbr n05lBILac(, lie paJlcc KOH[{a XIII BCKa. -«HHlITO 1[3 )l(UBWHX B TPHIIM- l!aTOM CTOJ[CTHH IIlIC31'Cllcii-npalJ£JJ!(','tOEI, - IIHIIICT OH, He OTIJ!1CI1.' IJ{'j\CHIIC I<Ol1Hbl IIpOTfl1< KOpoll}! K IUMCHCP. 1111 ('t"O MHCHIIK], itaHHiUl KaTCllIpllJ.l 1I-i'll'Hbl Uhl.'la Hlle}[eHa H <1HPlI1lkKot' Ilpal<U J<;llpo;leM 3ilV- apliuM I no.l! B.![I!>Im[1 -«PI1,,[ctWI:j TeOp11l1, no Mlf(1p011 npaoo nOi!H[- MaTb BOtiJlY npmru.'K?KaJJO TO.%KO MOJlapxa"l, JiM KOTOpbL\UI lie CTO- JL01lpyrolICBeT(,KOIIIL1a(,TI[p". CorJmruo AKry 1352 roM::rro npecryll.'1cllue 1>101".10 B('Ipa3IITbCJI TOJIbKO B CHCTm!>lx. BLIuaUJHB<Uillc 3a"I(,]c.'JOB noiiTH ooiiuoii: ua KO- 1)(l,5I, 6e3 non(,[TOK npllBccTH HX B Hcno.HcHI1C, HC 61.1-'10 npccrynHb[i. IlQ,'I K(IpOJH..'f>l )1((' Ii ;{3HHIIM CJlY'ICIC IIIIHII"tiLlOrb 1lI:I1'JL'('KlIC '111110, 3aHUMaHmee KOPlI,!ICIILKYIOJll)"l)l(HI)(Tb 11 06,ll"Jl'HHlIC (:()()IHC1CIHCHHO JropD.1l(:'OCKHMH npepDraTltBaMH'o. B TC1.JCmrC :\.\'1 ncpBWX ,!I,eCHTIIJICTIIi'[ XVII BeKa nOl[J!TJ.JC roo. CYMPCTBCHHoii n3ICllb[, 3affJIIKcnpOIJaHHOC B VJaLlaHHOM aKTC 3JLYap- iW III, III)C"n:pIlC.o HCKlnopblC IUI\.IL'HeHlUl TaK, Hallp"Ml1), CTaTyroM, IIpHHJ.lTbIM Ha Tj)HH;JJ[lliIlOllt 11I.l\'y IIpaH"leIlH.JI t,Opo ICllhl EII! TIO.l!OP, rurynapcmeHHOii HJMeHofi lTd.'[11 (.'I[TaTb(, He T0.'[bKU Hei'r- CTDl151, Bb]pa:;t;aIOUlile Dcryn.1elllte B BOtillY npOTIID "q:JOJIJI, HO II OllHO JIIJIIIb li<l"repeIlHe I!.'llt 3aMbICeJi CODepW[Tb TaKHe llel1C1Dllfl 5 . nmlDH- JIOCb H 1I000000ellUO CTaJJO )'TI3ep)It!I;lThJl D CYlle6l1bJX npoueccax no lIeJ1aM 0 high treason nOIiIlMaJ-me era KaK n(XC1YI1JJftJIDI, lIanpaBJIell- , ("r!ke E. The Third Part ro the Imtitllte< of (he L1I\"S of E!1g]and: OOlKHni'18 H"gh Treasun ..ml other Plea,ohhe Cruwn and Crimina! Ca""", The Fuurth ro,tion. l.ondon, 1669 P 9_3_KYK3aRCpIlIlL'paf>myHa.'TpcThcii"an.",ocoo"x'(1I1rTllry' Wlii&BI628..llalle..aTIlIIO)l(('tlllfPbUt'aro!lpoln.e.ll'Illle6bl.,0110p"CIDDO 4.'o..mmnap..a"clI......1I1644r , &fin,¥! J G. The Law of Tre.1S<m io FngLu-.-1 io the Later Mi<ldle Ages. CambndN. 1970_ P 22 'lh,cl.P 14 I CQke E. Th Thm:1 Part of th Inst,tutes of th Laws of E.wand. P.9. 'lh,cl_P 11) 
Lalla '" 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III'C IIolC'L"IOmn Ipa>!<JI<IlICKOH BI)HIII 237 1101"0 lie TOJIbKO lIa 1»1I3l'1e("lroe JII!UO KOpo,15l, HO [ lIa rocynapCTBo l . TCM He MCHCC A1rr 06 It.JJIICI-{(' 1352 I'Q,'la COXPaJ-UIJ[ CBOIO cl1.'y BnJIOTb Jlll Ha'Ja.;Ja I"j"Ja)f(,!taHCKIII1I<lIfiHhl. "B HaCTOJ.llllt't' BpeM}1 HC CY'IIt'(Tl<yt'T IllIKaJroH 113Meuw KpOfe Tof[. 'ITO npell}'C'I101JX'ua <T<II)'TON, np(tlUI- TWM B 25 I"OJl npaB.;ICIIII}I 3A,vap,'la 111&', - 3ID!BJl\I,lH KOpOJICBCKHC CYllbf! B 1628 1"01I..V IIpf! pal:CMUTPt'HI111I1eJ[a 3CKBaiip<1 X...u natiHa. fOruIDICb BeClloii 1642 rona K BOline c l\OpO.'leM [erocmpomm- KaMIl-. n:J.))"'JaMcHTCKa5I onnmlluH5I1I1X';!,npllllltMa.'Ja non(,ffM1 BJlClI)11Tb B OOIICCTBCHHOC cmH:J.HI1C HOIIOC IIOHU"laHII-C high I.n2SIm, IIpn KOTO- poM ()()()py>Kt'llIIoe IIblnyI1JIelille npOHrn Kap.rra I Momo npl1 onpelle- JlellULIX ycnoBlrnx ue C'IHTaTbCJI npecryn.'IClllleM. JOpllj[II'JerKutl 11 lll,(I,1()rH4l'(.Koi1I1(HIiHUil ;IJIH TaKoro IIIIHI1'-la- H[J] rUCYHUH IlJMtl1bICTa.,a((IJ.)(}'IYJlI1poBaHt1ID! i\Hml1iKKI1- M[ npaBOBel¥I'I1i B lIa"IaJIC 6O-x roliOB XVI BCIat .l\orrrpllua .l\nyx T('JJ Kopo.'lH 1JH3I1lJCCKOI"O II nOJUlT!t'l.CCKoro'. YKa1aHIIID! 1I0K1]}[IHa nO)1- pa:>'\feB,lit, 'lTO KOpOlib BbIl""fYnaeT II lWYX cooiiCTBaX, a 1I,,!eIlIlO: B Ka<leCme 1»11311'Jt'Ch"OIU l[ua, c:XJ.qaD.aJO[llliM OCeMIJ TeMIJ cooiiClUaMI1, KomPb["1I1 06 la,1ac'l" :uo6oii 'JC;IOBCK, H IIrL1H1"I1'JC<:KO[x) HHl11nyra T'dK H<J.:1blHaCMOII «KlJfKIHhli>. TIpu .-HUM IIPC/[IIO!Ii\Ia,,'IOlb, 'JTII "KOplI;Jh lie MIIJeeTTe..la ec-recTBe1ll10l"0, OTJUI'!IIOro It OTn;e.leIlUOI"O ca"fO no ce6e OT Iropo.!X'BCIDH .l\O.1>KIIOCTH H lJPCTOHIICTBa, 110 TC.O C<:TCCTlJ('lIlIoe H Te.'JO IIOJ[11n1'itu<.Ue IIW:lTe Hepi\:J,/Ie.ll!Mb[t>, OHIJ [HKUPIlOp]1poBaHbl II olllloi't nepcolle I! CUJililIOT O.l!IIO Te.10, it He paJllb]e, TO ecTb Te.10 KopnopaTIIBHOC B TC,,1C C<:TCCTBCHHOM et e UJI1l1a TCJlO CClt:'CTIICHHOC B TCJ[C KOPIlOP,ITUIiHOM»'. O/LHaKO Ii h:aI..-oN 6b[ COI1THOIIICHIJH ccre. r CM. 06 ;m"" Tn",-'HOO B. A. 3BO.'lOlJH>I rocy.o.apcTlIClIlIOro CIJI'''' A.JI-"I!I! II 31 IIpa1L1IIIIB Allllat.TllI. TlQaopoB '[JpnIi,eMbl II-nqll'" rtJ<}'..IdprT8d II up<u.a. C60p'IIIK ""Y""L'X T)JY.1IOB. M.. 3qItaoo. 2009. C. 14-16 , . There is 110 rw MIl <It this day but by the stalOte 25 Ed\\. 3. (The C<lse of H P,ne. ""I.. upon >In AtuNrtion of Treason A c.I""'''' Collet1mn uf StB[ TIn/< and Proceeding; for 11iSI' Trt'a'«)l] and nth rcrime_and mr.\eiIll"UKiI" from the e"rliet period to th Ye1lr 1783. with noles "ml ulher 11I",tm[lUn, j Co,np,lecl by T B. Howell In t'<KIIty .......volume'<_ London, 1816_ Vol 3. Col 3fi1:!) . C.'l T.....UOOtJ B. A. 3BtJ.lOlDl rocy CTJX»I A.Jlr1111 B allOXV ""1I11IacT,p.rJ(l'llfJf...P29-35 I The COllin l'It3I1es, or Rt'pom cl" Edmund Plowden. cl" the Middle-- Temple. csq An Apprcnt,ccofthc Common La" conta,mrv;:d,vcrs cases llpon maUcI'<of La\\. iI'gUOOilnd ildJ..... In thc'<l;Vl.raI Ro:lJ':rr'wfKlI\I': F..<I"<lr<I VI Queen Mary. K!I1and Quet'TI Phlilparo Mary. and Qu,,",n Ehrnbeth. To ..-hich..,..,..ddecl thcQuaenesuf mr Plowden_ In two parts_ Part I. Uffidon, 1816. P 213 
238 IOpltiIICU<IICacIIl'KT" alinnikKO" I"'''''-Offll,'lll 16401660 rrulOB CTIJeUlioe M noJIlITII'JecKoe TeJIa KOpo.rrn IIIJ Mb[C..'UL1MCb, IIpoBeJlellUe pa.1J[Wmi1 "1l?KJIV HHMIt et13.t3lJ3.!1O BfJ.1/IK»KHOCTb II,J[}I IlpoTIIBOIIOCTaB- J]t'H[}I Ilpyl J[PYY lIt'pcUHb! KllfKljl, eJ-O 1I1;m'«.'(.KOIo J]Hl@, 11 Kopo- Ub!,ero.l!OmKIIOClli. 3. KYK mBoplL1 B 1608 l"OlIy B CBOCM BbIC1)'fLlclilm B naJIaTe !Q;j1la>ief[l.TBa 110 Dt'J[Y Po6epr.1 KaJ[bB[Ha Will 1n.1tl: "Jru npaBM, 'lTO J<.OPO..lb [MeeT D ce6e ilBa Ka'Jecma: 0i![10 t'CTb npHpWUloe Te..0, YHac.'fC1I()BaIlIlOC OT KOj)()J]CBCKOro poitCTIll'IIIIHKa no KI)()BII 11-3 KOpO- k..BC1Ba: 11 .-no 1"('.,'10 Ill< IJk..ICJ! 1"lJf!J:)CHlJCM BCCK1I)'lIIC['O Eorn H nOk IJe(MIf:'IIO CMepnt, 60JIeJliH It OCNV nOll06l1o .apyroe ecTb nOJlHTI[- 'leCKoe TE'.'IO H_lt CDOHCTBO, II33LIDaeM1X'TaK 1i01O"y, 'ITO 0110 COCTaB- 'It'HIJ mJ,lHHlI(UH 'JC,lllllella (111< aJO"t', UplU1}!TOM II 21-i1 !"Ilil Up<lIl..'It'H[}I 3DY<1PJli1 IV, 11MeH)'efCA MI!CTI1'Jt'CKI1M Te'tON), U B <JTOM Ka'l!;l.'-Be KOpo!1b pacCMatpliBaeTCJ! KaK 6ecCMCpTliblij, UCBlJit[IMb[ii. lie nO)\Bep- )\(CHHb]ii CMqITlt, 6o.'IC3Im, Ma.'lfLlCTcrnyl>'. Xo-m aHrJII[iiCKllii npaBO- 1Jei!Ik"WillLl MJ TOro, 'lTO YIiaJaHHb]e Te..1a a[ Ka'Jt'CTBa KOpu..1H ne- pa3pbIDUO Me>IUly cc60ii CBHJallb[, 011 Bmmlle ome,UI. HX OilllO OT i1.Pymm. Onre4lli1, 'lTO 1I0;J..1aHHb]il nC»l.1aH K.,IJlTHmi Hq)HOCTlt if1JI.1I1- 'Jt'("KlI'-!Y ,1mI.)' KlI!XJ.!I}l, KYK 1I1I,'['JcpKI1I1a.rl, 'J"1lI ilaHH{)t' ;U!lpIIlhtCIYlla- eT Dcerll,a lIaJ\eJI(')IULIM no.UIllI'It'CKHM 1ffi'(t'CTOO\I, KOTOpoe "B TOM 'lTO KaCaeTCH em KOpollb[ (CJU\\n) WIH KOpil1IeI!Cl1JOil (kIllgdom) OTJIH- 'li\!;TCH OT t'ro 111'111'011.1101"0 Ka'i!;lTIIa»1. PaJBI!B,lII ilOlITplmy .l!nyx Tell l\OpO_H, 3. Ky[(, no oceii DlL1ltMO- CTIl, JlIDKC 11(' _1aJ,.VM('[Ba.CH H3JI TCM, IffiKHC yrpo.1b] It.-Sl1J"1M,HUHOHHOj.j IOPWlH4CCKOli KOHCTpyrolHH mCYJI3fIC1lICHHO['O crpm[ AHI"ll1l1 'rallT BCe6e np:me.l!eUHe pa3JIH'JU.II fd(')Iilly 1)J1I3H'lecKOH nepcolloii KOpOJlH H KOpo.1I('DCKOH .:tOJI)t.IIOCT(,1O. Ha OnaCllb[U xapalITep TaKOro pa:L'Jw!IDI o6paIlw. HHI1MaHHt' JlUpJL-KaHII.It'j) 3J]CMI11' (Lord ChclnCt'lIor E11esmt're). "Jru Ol1alHOt' pa;L1H'IH!; "I Kopu.eM U KOIX)HOH, [ r.ltistrue.th,,[thekioglmlhtwo pdL,tlesin hlIJ1:uneanHtlll"dlbudy,belOg ,-IMrmdedrnthehJoodloytlofthel'('31m:andthishodv;softhecofAlnngj1ty GolI."ml issubjet"t t"tlealh. infirl1\ily"mlsu.hhke;theolheris"p:>Iilil.kLotlyur capanty, so caDed hoc<IU'<C illS framoo hy thc policy of man (aod m 21 E. 11, 39_h, 1_' ,',,]]eda m»ti",1 budy).and in this c..padty the king isesiE' II!l'd tobeimlllL11ol. I"",",hlc, not suhJcct to death. mfirm,ty, mfancy. (Lord Cd<c'<; Report of Calv'n's CasE' From the 7th l)<Ilt of his Reportsjj A Compleate ('nlle<-tion ofStottP Tnal. and I"ocecrh for H@Treason and other crlmc, and m"&'."""",-",; from the earhest p<moo mthe Yea, 17&'1, with note$andothe,d"'<traport'jConlp1Ied hyT B.llo'.iCU. In t\\"mty.....,ulllmes. London. 1816. Vol 2 Co! 624). 'Ih,dcm 
r "I1Ia '" 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III.e IIolC'L"IOmn 1pa;;<J\aIlCKOH BOHIII 239 Mt'ft\.lV KOpo!ll"'l 11 K(IfKt;J('UlTHOM. IIHO IIjlE'T C,ilHIIIKlI.\I ia.'leK0; J.I )!(e- JiCl!O, 'JTu6I>[ 1\a:NlbI[ .no6pt,.li IIQ1L1<IHHI>Ji:1 OCOOHa.'[ 31U.. I , - ruBOp11J[ OH B cBoeti pe'UI Ha nprxret:ce nOlle'JY Ka.r[bBlIHa ]lnp/[ 3JlClr.mp OKa;Ja;JCJ.lllrIOHItJ[IICM j]Otdp'IHCI i\HYX Tl'J/ KOpllJlJ.l, IIQllpa"J)'IIIeHaBIIIi!.H pa:UIt'-lHe }'ll')l\.'I,Y 4I1I:m4eO'OJ1I1l'PlllHOfl II 11H("J1t- l)'lUM KUIXJJIWCKUI1IL'IaCTI[, IlpeBp"dTll.'iaCb B YC.'JOB[X 06uCTpl3llJcii- CJ.I UOflltTl1'JCCKlIH 6)j>wbI I< AHr.;/HU H OllacHOC l-li\l'U;JOl'W]CCKOC opY- }l(Hl'. 11,1.eOJlOrl1 lIap!I<1Mt'HTrKofi OIlIlIljm{IIH Hl'IIIJ,lh:-IUlJa.,UI ee I\.ilJ.l UU(XHUB<ltiI!J1 Olp"dHl1'JetiHOCllI t:a[H(L"II!'iIlUi:! KUpU/[elJr,,--oj:j lL'JaCllI. Han()()q('C 3Ha'JI1MblC III"XCporaTHlibl 6b['111 c:J6w1lJJlCHb[ 11.\11 lIpJ1HaJl- J]!;'}I(HI)(Tb!O He Ut'pcOHbl KlIpOJI5I, CI KllplJ,;JeUl"I<ofi l(O.!I}l(H()CTII "no 113- BeCTI1ONY;j(]F.PIiY.:1fOIU Kupo.."IelilTBa JI<UKt' nparoIlt'HHl>le KaMHI1 Kopo- HI>! Hl' SllLmlOTCJ! IiCIlJil.\l[ ClI6CTHCHI10 KO\,lo.UI, HO JII11llb Hliq)l'Hb[ eM)' JI)IJ.I ee 1I00'II.:1hl U YKPallll'IU!J1, TaK}I(t' KaK IlIpO,Ja, 111(1)"["hl, I{a:-ma, O(.iJC!- lI.l>l, 'i[HUI\H[KI! 11 tJafIQ... ,,--opo.'IeIJlTIla, [ IKt' KUlxJ.:lenlTHU l'<1'10 110 cc6e IiliCj)(,H('! CMY IV!}[ m: f).][al"a H t"ie3ouacHocTI111 60.1b!lIcii 1I0.'Ib.1b!, a IIIITlI.\IY i1.!L"O!{Hbl YllpalJJ/JHhrJ.l IIIll"UI<t'"I)' fu/CiT I1ap!IJ..\!l'HTa, I<O"lU- Pb[M F.JJPtlJleIllTIIU 'LOllep!;'l-!U JIJ[}1 .;JJOi:i ne.'[l1.. 1 , - TaKue 3aJIR![t'H[e cOJlCjJ>Ka.![OCb B 110KYIIICHTI' nOJ\ HalBaHIICM "PcMOHcrpalIHH "-'Ill j]ct<- 'ICIpaIP-!Jl ]l0PIIOH 11 0611111H, co6paHIIlIIXOl H HClcmJlllll'C I<PC"Ul I< nClr>- J]ClMeHTt', Klrrophlli "I>I!IIIIJIIHJ.lT 26 },!i!.H 1642 I1IJ[iI J].'151 mmamIlLlCHUH HacrlleH11J! Cl]1aHb[ C COJlCpJKaHIICM aToroJlO' k.}'NCI11"a 110 CIICI{Ua,'lhHOMY IIpIlKa.1}' n,VlaTb[ 061lIHH H KOHIIC MID! 11 B lIl'pUhll' lLIIH HlOHJ.I IIbl.']O I<I>IIIYIlIt'HO Hl'(.KO.!lbKO enl 1It''ICiTHblX 11J.Ja- Hllii jtlHllblfi <f!aKT CBIl.J,CTe'lbCTBYcr, liTO nap.'laMelITClGlJ! onnmllU-!UH IIIUl.-l,illia.qa Hb[p1l)KCHl1hIM H HeM 11,,1CSIM OC06l1C l1a'lCHIiC. fJlalil-JOii 113 HUX 6hl.!ICl, 61.';1 ClIMHeHI1}I, 1l)[l'J.l1I Tm!, '1"1l1 J"lIl"YlaJX-"nJl'l-1I1aJ1 H3Melia JlIL'l\ICTCH nciicTBHC!, IIOCJlralOl1lI[M He ua I)JU311l1CCKOC .'III,--!O KOpo.'IH KaK TIlKOHOC, a Ha KOPO!/}[ KaK 1:'laHy I'Ol-Y:lapCTHa. nap.'laMCHTIlpU[ )'Tl<ep}/(jia.'1I1 IJ yKalaHHOfi P(;'}.IIJHCTP<UIl1H. ,,11 Mhl HaC"llLlbKO 1a._11 OT TOru, 'i1lJ6bl C'I[TiUI> Ero Be!U1'JecTBU e1111HCT[J!;'l-!HbIM JII!I[UM, npo- r -eene Thi,isad1n...di,tillLtionbe[w""netheking"ndthelruwne,an"Let" theklf],«anddwk1Tltl(C"'Chrthtoolam;: I \\1shc\'crv!'(oorI-ut.,...-ttohewareof it. (Lord OlHm-ellor's Ellesmere', Spt't'("h in the Excht'<jller Chal\lber. in the C1se uf the Postnall II A Compleate Col]ectlOn of State Tnals and ProcccdlT1S-' for HI,$ TfWISOIl and other crimes and mi'<d 1II!'1I1Or<..Coi 690). 'AR.:...-IffltIOOCl:,orthe DcdaratlOnofthe Lordsand Commons. nowassemblcd If] Parliament, 26ofMa}' 1642. In answcrto a Declaration undrr his MaJcstlcs Namc con<:mlf],« thc bu<""""", of Hull, sent If] a '" to both Houses the 21 of May, 1642 I..ondo1\, 1642 P9-IO 
240 IOpltiIICU<IICacIIl'KT" 3l1nnikKO" 1"'''''-Off"I'1II 16401660 rrulOB TIID KOTOporo U3Mella !Ie MOIKeT 6bITb COBeplllella, '{TO B HeKUfOpoN CMb[C..'JC npH:iHacl, 'JTO OH RB:HlCTCR CJlHHCTIICHHb[M "lHiIOM, IIfIOTltB 1({IHlfllini OH<I MII>Kt'T 6blTb cmJepllICH<I, '111 €(:Tb TilK KaK ilH I{lIpU..rlb, TO 113Melia npOTlIB KOJXUleBCTGI. CODeplllaeTC'H B 6o."I('IlleII Mepe npoTlIB KOpO.'l\l. lICM npOTIiB ero nCpCOlib[, II nOTOMY 'ITO 011 KOpo..l(" caMa H3MeHa He JlWUleTCJi H3MetiOii, eCJni QHa COBep]tIaeTCH npOTItB Hero KaK '{enOBeKa, a He "poHIB lIeJlOBeKa KaK KopOJUl; [ ec'lII 011 IIMeeT OTilOUICIII[C K h-oP()IJeDl'TBY I[ B('ICTynacr B Ka'JCCTBC .llma, KOTopofY BBCj"X:HilKOJ:}ll,'ICBCTI<O, HllpH910N He Hb[IIll,IH}JCT9TOro.ao.iII"a'" (Bbl- lIeJ1eIlObUlO]O. B. T.). TIolloolioe TO.'lKOBaJlHe rOCY.l!apCTBeIiIiOU [3Mellb[ HaBR!1 B pac- CMaTpUI<<1CMOC I<pCM}f U fCHpH napKq}_ B ,,3<1MCTKaX II HCKOTllpblX nOCJ[ellHI1X OmeT<lX [ Bb]P<1JKt:'HU}fX Era BeJll1'{ecTB3h 2 IUle0J[Or nap- JI3MCIITCKOH onn03HL\IU[ m[caJl. «<nOllHHTHe BolicK BonpeKH JlHlI- H(,["[ npHI3.'lliM K0)10_'J5I (nYCTb H nOllKpcnJlCHHb[X em npUC)'TCllllt- eM) He HB.1HeTCH pa3B5IJblD<!Hl1eM BoiiHb] npOTl1B IWP(),151, OllHaKO Bouua npoTHB ero MaCTH, 110 lie JlII'JIIOCTH, mLIIH{'"JOI BOrlllOU npo- THB KOPO,J}[I>' Bblp.mllTaHHa.H U<1)lfla"ll'HTCKI1MI1 It ltfL'IOlWIUl HOH<1J.I Tj"J<1KTOljl\a rocYllapCTBelllloti 13Mellb[ nOOBO.1JH.11'l OnnOOHL(IIII IJ3OOKaT(' 06B1t11e- IIlliI B cor.epnreIlIU! CTO.(, TIDKKOI"O npecrylL1C]mH B cJI)"Iae lIa'l&la CIO BOeHHblX ller[CTHHU IlpoTlIB Kap.;I<1 I BoiiH<1l1poTlID Hero "l\--o llpe,'{- CTaful>LlaCb B CBeTe .lliIlIIlO[ Tp,UcroDKII ooiilIOr[ 3<1 KUpo.,lH, Botilloii B 3aIl!lTJY HH(llnynJ. KopO:ICBCKOii B.r1ir111 'And we are so far from belle",n.<: that In, MaJcsty" the only pcrmn 3J::a,nst who:lIIIl"'..........m be nmmutled. Ihat m some sen"" we "ckno"l..,)gt- he is the unely Pcrwn 'm1: "horn ILcanberummlt!ro, that lS,as h1S KlJ1I':."nd that treason winch is"Sl,ins\theKingdo,neismore..gains[lheIGng,thantha\whid]isrins\his PeThOn, becau"" h IS KIn.<:' for th<1t ,""I)' ImlSOn IS not treason >IS It is",*,,m1. h,m as" man.blltasamanlh..-isaking:andashehathrelllio!ltothekingdorne.and<i3B.-kas >I pen;on intru'1.e<1 with thekingdunro.ill1duISlh ,-gillgthat tru,1.. (A ReIlIOlNrdnce. or the Dechratira1 of the lord, and Commons, now nbit'd in P<lrlhm nt. 26 of MI)'. 164.2 P38) 'BI(3TIL10rccot"tu,"l,rxrcopro"T0JM(""'I(H"r,ra.1CT",",a"yC' I(jJlIlrrob, I<.OTOpbII' 11}<6,m!l(olia.IICb 11 ro,'(bI qrL!(J.3IlCKOii lJoiillbl. YKaJallllDe ('Q!lHe-- 'lIIerCllp"lIapKCp3nfimlla"eIl0I(3KII',II""'I1II""IICneT21110.' 164.2 CM Cataloguc ofthepillll(lhlets,IJe\\'(IdpE'I"S;U\dma!\ll(ripts.n+-tIl'I8totheci\.jl\varthe Q:lInn.-,nwcalth and restoration, collceted II}' Geo Thomason, 1640-1661 Vol I Catalq;:ucofthecollcct1on,I64.0-1652l.ondon,1908,P 130 -. Pmw,.H. CIb-.......wum IlponsomeofHIS l\f2jL'tll'" Ia\earu;w"'and"xpr= london, 1642 P45 
r"lIIaI"'CT.rn tl)()P"I'p"BilIII'el'-'lC'L"IOml!lpa;;<J\aIlCKOHBI)HIII 241 8. BbJpa60TKa naplJ3MeHTCKOd onlMrmu,lIeii .uOtO"pHHbI. U03BOlllIIOU{f'li nap.n:aMetrry 3aKOHO)(aTenbCTBOBaTb 6e3 )l'IacTIlJlIWpOJIJI 01\lIaJm iL'lII It,1¥:'o./lOnl'leCKoro 06ecne']emffi eeCieHwI orrn0311UH- cH BoHu),[ IIpOn[B Rap_a 1 o1\lIoH ;noH H,1\Cn 6bL'J0 IIC,1\OCTIlTO'IUO. Becrll BoHHY ),{O)((CT nlIllI), rocynapCTBcHH('Ili OJ1raH, 06IJa,1\alOIl!Idi nc- nrmMlIl>Thtl! B 1".II1I33'\: lIace.;lemIH nOJ1UOMO'IIUIMlt II31IanaTb 3aKOIIOi\GI- TC,,%![(,](' aKTW 11 np[IBO.1lHTI> I[X B I[CIIO"lIlCIIIIC. B pacIIOPH)((CllltI1 O!J- !J().1I1UHH IIMc"C5I !JapJJaMCHT, HO no KOHl'llITyl!m[ AHr.'1l1It OH 06'J 3<1KOnomITe.1bIlOil B.'I1iCTbJO lie Hllaqe, KaK DNecre C Kopo!.eM - TORbKO KOP()J[(,'B-nap.la,"'UTC Mor [J.IroI3Th 3aKOU(,[. I1cnORIIHTc.l),lIaH >Ke B_aCTb U:C,,1I1KOM 111..'(Oj]ILac(, B pacnopsn«'III[[ 1«1pO.'lSI, "mop),[ii. onll- paHCb lIa CDOIO aoco""IIOTIIYIO npeporanlB)', 4'OpUlpoBa. Tai1l1b]H CO- BeT - IIpaBlTe,l['cTBO AilrJmH Ii lIanpaJlJl5L1 em ,J,eSI"feJf('IIOCTb. ITepe!l nap.aMCIITCKOH o!Jn(),1HI!Hcii, ,1\CjJ.ll1)'BllK'ii BCT}'!JIIT(' B BoHlly C Rap- .'10M I, CTO>L1a IlCX1IONY 3a.1li\qa 113"remlTb alll"."llillCl<)'1O KOIiCTln}'Ulllo TIlKIIM, 'JTu6b[ 3<1KOII01ID.Te.%IiIDIIL1aCTb Ii KOIIlJX)J[b liar( liC- nO"lllllTc.l(,IIOH MaCThfO OKaJa.IICb B nOJIHOM pacnopH)]((,IIHH O,1\HOro nap,,'JajeIITa. OrrpeLlc""Iellll),[e H.'Je()J[Ofll'lecKlle It 10PIIlIH'lecKHe npe.unoc(,]J[KH IW5I peWCJllffi :noH 3ai\<1'1H C0311G1Ba.'Ja nOlITpHlia l\BYx TCJI KOpD.l5l, npOOOIUJBllIasJ paJ.II'Jlle Mf?K!IY KOpo'!('N KaK q,.13I1'ieCK1t),{ JmUOM 11 Ho")((lIorTbfO KOpD.l51 (office of the king). Olla nmDO!lSI.la npelICTaBHTb aKfW, npHIIHTbIe nopLIM-tii [ 06Il1Hlla\lll, no"IIOl\C[III('IMI1 3aKOliaMli na)((e Torna, Korna KOpD.'Ib .'111'1110 lie npIiCYRTOOBa1I lIa nap"laMeJlT- CKliX 3ace.uaUHSIX 11 lie ,1\aBa. lIa IjX npHII5ITlle CBOero cor.'1aCHSI. BTII- KUX cnY'ffiSl"" n01lJ1<l3YMCBaiIOCL, 'lTO nap.'la.\!CIIT IIC DCTacTCSI OCJ KO- 1)(1-1.11: OTC)'lTTB)'5I B ElTOM opralle KaK q,.131i'-leCKOe "II1UO, 1\0pO.b npHcyrCTllyeT B lIeM B Ka'lecme IIO_lnwj{'CKOro Te.a [COOTDf'T('TIJeU- 110 coxprnlSleTCSI npeJK[lSISI KOIICTPYKIlIffi BepXOBlioil MaCTH, BbICT)'na- IOllIasJ KaK Koponb-B'nap. (rex in prn-Iamcnto)'. r OCIiOnaHJlC ,"' TaKOffi npr"tCTIIII'lClm}l_'{aB.naC""'101I1aJI CCHTCHIIIIJ!<1 n",,<:>- KOtCYJJ.ellap.rIlel]TaI13'1eTl; proIi'lal"Tll.HHCTlI1)'1I1Iii JaKOIIOBAlII11111&3.o1yqma KYJ<d 4:tmT CYo.'lcocm'fT ILl K<1p<L'eOCKOffi""""'CCTRa, ""-"l<!C_lILmTa" II KaQCCTBe clIOeii Ilo.llTIl'It'("J(OIi crn.o6Hornt. 1111.1 Tpe KopnopaIUlii >.q1O'lPtiITB1. (ThisCO\]lt O"IiI'il'ilcthofthekm.p:;m3Jcstys\ttlthe,.,,""mhISPO'l!IckcapaCllyaodofthethl'CC estates of the cea'rn) (Coke E_ The FOlll'th Part ofthr .".urllrcs of the la\v. of Eland, UJf'QlT) of thc jllnsd\C(,on of Coorts. Th Fifth Ed\l:\Oo. Loodon, 1671 p " 
242 IOpltiIICU<IICacIIl'KT" alinnikKO" I"'''''-Offll,'lll 16401660 rrulOB BWIDllraH nallllb!n ilpry.'>I('j1T D..'l\I o6oclioBallllil D03MOJKIIOCUI ]IOP' /lOB H OOllll[H 3aKOHf1J{31C IbCTBOBaTb Oc3 KapJIa I, IIncollOrlt nap.r[a- Mt'HTCI\lIIi OIlIIII:mllUl1 Y'llipaJlIl Hit TO, 'JTII lIap;faMt'HT 1<..rleTnl Ht' TO.l(,KO npe!lC13DlITe.(,U('IM HCOBe!JlaTe,l(,IILIM OpraJlOM, 1I0TIllOKe B[']C- I11H"1 C}'OM High Court of Parliamcnt. CYb[ )!(c. XOTH H eiiCTI3}'[OT OT liMeH!! KUpoJ[H, BI>[HOOIT ;;<\KOlllib[e pellleHI1, He Cnpalll11l1aJ1 cUfJla- CH Eru Be.",JeCTIJa. B <OolJ.eK.;Japauu!! ILUI PeMOIiCTjJaWm JIoP1l0IJ H OOliUlli\>, .liaTl[poBaUHoi1 19 "!ID! 1&12 mM. 06 :nOM mBOJ)I!J[oc(, C.'JC- i\yIO]IICC' "EOllt 1<0llpOC 3aK.1IO'1ac-rc.!I B TOM, }1I!J[}[CTCJI .H .iaKOHOM TO, '{TO JJOpnb[ [ 0600tlib] O.l!IIWKl1bl 06b.\1BK[ TaKOBbiM, K1"O 6yneT cynb- en? TO!lbKO lie Eru Be,lH'lecTDO, nOCl(DJjbKy KOpoJiL JlIJ.'ffil'TCH C)'I>eH He IIIIIJlIllpx;;M IIfI<1na, H{J 'JCPl.'.i 1I0Cpe;[CTlIOCHUHX CY/PIII, 11 em CYi{hl, XUUI [ :!a"'t:I1i\1Of Ha OCHOBaH[[ eru BJ[iIlTH, lie OJKwa!OT OT li€ro tiH comac]U! no BonpocaM npaBa, tiH Ja\KHX-lIj60 .l\Pyn[x C)'OB, Tal( KaK om[ tiC MOI)'T B TffiN c,'J)"-Jac CYIITb, llOTONy liTO CTOHT HIOKC, II HHKa- Kofl ilne.,l.!lW[!! lie nOJJ.<telUl K liliM 113 napnaMellT<I, lIbe pellleHlle HIL'iHeTC.!I, B 1"J3aKOlia. pernellHeM D em BbICllK:'M c}'ne, XOT.!I ..'U1'JUO KOpOJ[b 111m C['O HblHCCCHIiU He llpIlC"Tl"'fljYCT (I cOI'Jan[JI Hil Hero lie ltaeTl>l. Erne onHII apryMe[IT IVIH 06oc1iOBaJlH D03MmKIlOCHI nap1lID.lell- 111 1I311i1BaTb JaKOIILI OC3 nCpCOllaJIblioro yqacnU! KOpoMi leo.,'JOI"H lIap..'JaNet1l\.Kuf[ onllOOlIl1m Halll.I! D l\Of>O.eI!lKuii KUpOffollU[OHliUfl K.'ITBe. 110 IIX [l.liIell1I0, t}xJJ)MY..'JiI nallUoH 1,,TBb[ lIaiI,,],li\ lIa MU- Hapxa oW.uaHHOCTL OJI06pHTb BeC npHWlT[']C 06cHM1[ na.'lflT<W1[ nap- _aMCHTa 3aKOHb[, clloco6cTHOEIiIliIIIHC II00UlCpJKaIl[1O Mltpa [ O!laroIlO- !J)''JIHi KOpO.'IffiCTI)a. B llOK}"'IellTe nOli lIaJDalllleM <OoPeMOIICTp<lWHi H.lt neK,'JapawH! JIoPJlOB It 061l!1I1>, KOTOPbll[ 6bL"I npllmrr napJla- Mt'H"IlIM 26 MIDI 1642 111)IiI, :iIDIIJ.,'U!,!lnCh 110 .:HOI\Iy IIUIiO;'Jy. "Mhl C'JHTa- eM HMXOillIM!>[M 06b.\1DIITb KOpo'telJlTBy (TeM, 'Jbe JJ:O(TOIlllrTBU [ HlITCpec Tceno corrpllKaCaIDI'CSI C IIIIM). B 'ICM COCTOIIT npllBl!.lCnm '..lfthellllest;onhe\\hetherthathet'La\\,,1]i("htheLordandComlll,,:rr<;have onte dedarrol" be", ...h" -hall be thejmlge?N"t his Mljt'\lv. f"r Ibe IGog int'th not of matters of Law, hut bv h,s Court., and hIS Courts, thouh s,(tIl18 by h,s aUlhoo[yexpect no[ his Assent in 1\1 (ter.; vr L1\\. not :lny od",," Courts. for [' ("annot J"e m that ("a", mau", Ihey arc Imenor. no appeal" Iy' to Ihem from Par1ia'uent, the jlld.gement wh ....or i. in the eye of the L1\\". the Kings j\ldgE!nent in hi hW1cstCourt,lholJ,$thc KJ", In.prrsonbcne'therpr=nt. nora,-,nI.m:tkf'CUnIo& (ThcDcdaratlOnorP..nfthcl.ord'andC,,,,,,,,,,",,,,mPar"amcntassor,t.lcd With dlvc"" depoSItion> and 1ette"" Ibrcumo  Die Jo"," 19. Mall. 164.2 London,l642 P 14) 
Lalla '" 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III.e IIolC'L"IOnll! Ipa>!<JI<IlICKOH BOHIII 243 De..111Karo nap.'Jili\leIlTCKaro COIIl"fiI 11 B '{eM 3aK,110'laeTc.II Jle)l(amee lIa KDpO mx 3T01"O KOpruJCI!CTBa oI'»I3alCllbCTIIO UP[IHlllllalb TaKHC filtJLI1, KO"lllfJhlt' IIp!;'J[JJi\r<\KI1"CfI 11M O()(.'IIMU lIaJJi\Tdll-!ll Uaplla\ll'HTa OT IIMeliH 11 lL'lII 6;oJara Bcero IIDIX}!J('BCTDa. )ft1.lLH KIJIO)XI"O Olll[ 06.113aJu,[ KaK no COIICCTII, TaK 11 no. cnpaBc.a-lItBOCT[t naBaTb CDac KDpO.'X'IICKOC carna- Ute; nu 10Bl"CTI1 - D YBaIKt'HI[e KJ1.11TDb[, KUTupa>! lIdeTOr 11)[11 1I0.'[)I(Ha naDaTbC.II KopfL'Jmm ;!Turo l\Upo.'X:'IICTBa nplJ I[X KapaHilUIJI1, B TOM, 'JTO I1X KOpollCDCKHM COrJ[acl[Cf>[ 6YAYT lJOATBI'fI)J(J\aTbCH IICC TaKllC XOPO- lUBe 1aKOHI,I, KaKIiC BX HapoJI nbIt'iLptr (a IheiT pcop1chall chose), lJ '{TO 01111 6ynyr I1CnpaB.'l\ITb nocpellCTIJO'-! 3aKalla TaKHe lIeyna6cma, OT KUIO)JUX KOpflJleBCTBO MOJKeT C1pMaTb, TaK >Ke KaK n01l.1lep)J(]maTI> 11 :;aUII!II{<1Th YJI'J;; CYIlIt'lTHYKJlIlUC '->aKUHbl»l. }],e.'lil}] TaKOC .J<UlI!,.'ll'H\1t', nilp.'[aMet1TdplllI l:Cb!1Ia.'[I[("b Ha CT.nYT UU ynpaWJJ1IQUlIIX Uet1t't}.JUW[}!- MI1 (Stalute of Provisions of Benefices)', lI3ilaJllu,li-i B 2S.j.j ro)\ npaB' 11CHIIH 3Ayap.11.3 III, 11 1{11TI1pOBa.ml mp('lBoK 11-.1 Hero, B lIUTOpOM roBa- pIJJlOCb, 'JTa I(opo.% "nOllJellC11JO'-! KopollaUHOlllvii ICJJ1TBb[ KI.II;I l1a ce6H, C comaCIIH CDoero II"I)Xilla. npencr.IB.!IeIUlOro D nap.'Ja'leIlTe, 06H- .'laTCllhCTBO 1'I)lIHlJMaTb '-pi: 111Ha H 3aKOHb[ 11.81 YCTpaHCHit}[ 6C)( H 1<fJt','[<lP B\Ilcle I' Tt'1I-! I< "Pt'II-!OHCrpi\II\I\1I1.rt11 j]eK.lapaIIUI!», IIpHHH- TOil nOp,'1aMI1 lJ 06U\ltllaJlut 19 Mall 1642 rQlIa, 6bL1 nplme1 JIaTltllC- KlJii TCKCT KopollaLlHolllloH K'lIITBbI fCllpHxa IV: .concmis JIIstas II-'gt"i & ,.onsuetudmes esse tenendas & prumlttls per te eas es.'Se protegeru:las & ad honorem Dei corruhorandas qllas "lIlgus elegerit, secundum vires tuaf>'. IUffi'JOI"IJ n3p.aJI[ClJTCl(()ii OmJ03111{1-I11 ncIX" BOj!IUI-I C.![OBOCO'll'TaHHC +vulgus elc,gcrit» KaK ,*pcoplc shall chose (napoJl 1136ePeT)>> 11 TOliKOBa.1IJ illlllllYIO K'lIITII)' B TOM CMb]C..'le, 'ITO KOpo.1t uUIDbllJa!11ICb i{aBaTh CBoe cor.!IaCl]e 113 npmUlTIJe IrapoiIOM. IIp!;'J[l"T<lH!leHHblM I< nap 1d'-lel1Tt', I!C!;'X 6y.nyllll1x .JaKIIHOH. OfHeT Kip!la I Hil <lT1I YMU3dK.IIU'IeHIJ>I lIap)[dMeHTCKIIX lL'leo.r[O- roB 6bLT llOBO.bIlO "lOn['IIu,[,,! 11 }-6cJIJrrc.'IbIU,[f. Era Beml'll'CTBO 06- parllQ BHIU!aIIllC nap/JaMCI-HapI1CB H3 TO, '1m C'IOBI".C04C'T<UIHC '$vulgus e1egent... OTHOCHTC.\! He TOJlbKO K TepMltHy +Ieges (:JaKOHb])"', HO 11 K r A Rt.morNnrnceor[he Dedamtioll of [he Lordsand. Commons. now]ed m Parbamen[.26vfMav. 1642_London, 1642_1' 12 'Stat\][esat Llrge. From [11e Fiftet'llth Yt'arof King Edward III [0 [hp Thinppnth Y"arofK, Henry IV InclllSlve Camh. 1762_ Vol 2 I' 63-70 'lh,,1.P66 'A,crorthD"daratlOnofthl.ordsand.COfTIT"rGP'l.nowassembled m Parhamen[,26vfM"}'. 1642_1' 13_ 
244 IOp'LlIl""""Cal.III1<T"allnIIllCK"I}["",-"}[",II..I64016r,Orru!OB (;"HlI1)' -«colluctudmt's (1iIibl'Jal1)>> 11 lIo:-rrm!y IIHO HC "!lI)I\e"l" IICpl'HO- lLflTj,CH 11 6Yi\-VIIle},! BIJt'MeHI1 KaK -«people :;hall cJ-u.;e... KpoMe TOro, 3a'-It'TIL'I Kap'l, II-t01KHO "II! 1Tb, 'HO KOpO.'l1J 06n3blD,UOTOI UIO- l'li KOjJ(IHal{III1HHOr; K,1ITHOii IIpJlHUll-taTb raKlll' :KOHhl, KllHlpbIC -«ue- peil.<\KJr IIIWIJ!;'HHYIO l'IM R.Iat"' lIT HIIX II pyKII J[pyntx JlKI.!ld111 Tall;[lI.1 uUpa30M OTHI1"JaKJr y Hero 11 JUD1JalOT ero oceM DU3IIf()A\Huti BJlacTH j1.U! UCII(UHCIII1JII{IH.'-IaH!-1OCllfi, H.'UllbiX HM HCI «.6.! CI<OCII K.'UITBOn, KlITlI14Ull"OCTOltT I< TOM, 'J'm6bl :-i;!UP-!II{aTh IIX. F.x'ilt l'vfb! Ol::J.a,'[IIM lICK) H<lWY 1L1atTb, IIJ[I! ec,lH OHa UyileT IHa lJT Hac, Mb! 11I11\1.'10 He CMI»KC\I:Ia[lIl-ITl1Tbl>l JLrl}l IIplVlaHHJI (:l<lIlIM apry\ll:'l1T'dM fu'lhllIeM y6CJI.IIlt'.lbHIICTII Kap.."IIIpHlIe.'[ TeKCT UOOBt'HHOfl KuplIH,UU10HH0I1 K'[ffi']Il>[, .JaI).!UKtH- pOl<aHl-lblfi B 6)uarax Ka:JHa'JdicTIlli. ApXHCIIHCKoIlllQ/l (Laud) HUll-- POlUa.'1 ero: "C;;p, 6YJ[e'I"l;' I<bll<tpaHH!PUHaTb 111O.-L\I;'J>'I<.IIu.aTb, H IHljl- oll! Hapll.ny AHml!l!, IKJoCpe1:CH,OM 1liIlllei'1 KJ[HTflI>I, 3aKUHb! H o6L1'Jall, j{apOBaHH('[C 11M Kop(LJ}["IH AHl"oll111, HalU[}'!1J .'IaI>"OI-JHb!MIJ H fX"lIIrJ1(X-IHbl"m IIPC,'IUIl'(;TlI!;'HHIlKaMH, CI H"!CHHO: .JaKlIHhl, 06bl'iaH H IIpHI<W[erHIJ, IIpe}[O(TaflJleHHh]e l\yXUIJt'HCTUY CJlal<HblM KupoJleM CB. a.1.Vap'''ION, BalliUM npcllwccTBCHHUKOM, comaCHO I)mf(bHM 3al«)- HaM, 11CTl1HHh]M U(:II{JHC/[HIIKlI.\! Bl'f!hl, }'lr<!HIIHJICHHOfi I< 3'lU.\! Kopn- It'IIlTHe, 1,1 {"(lOrnel( II<Y'Ol\l(11 1Ipt'J"XII,rumbl ero fo;Opo.rlCl1 11 O"apIIH- HhlM UUbl'l3JIM 3TOr0 KOpO..'X'BCTBa?!>2 -«5I rapaHlllJ1YlO 11 OOClilalO 1I00lillphJlBaTb IlX», - OTBC'Ia,1 KaP.1 I B (:()J{lPIKaHI1I1 ililHHIII1 K'lJlTllbl He (ibI.'IO U Ha.\It'Ka Ha 11>, '1TO KOpO.'1b Opa.l Ha CCOH o(»UaIIiIOCT[, naBaTl> cor.qaclJC lIa 1IfIIIII5IT[[C nap- JlaMCHTOM ll''{ H,ur HHb!X :tat.oHOH. IIOIlb1TKa o()()CHOHaTb lVlCIO BLP'(()- R€'IICTfla lIap.!laMt'HTa II .JaKlJHQ,@,ll'lbHOfi l"tIJept' (:l.hl'll{lIH Ha KOfX>Ha- 'HisJl,hjt-..(i",AJls,,-ertoaPrimoo I3ook,enliluled.A RtflIuIr«-........, or. 111e Declam(,on of the Lords ,md C(}[]lIIiUf1<. n"" """"...bled in Parhamenl, Jl..1ay 26, 1642. III "ur.wa- (0" [)e(-l"mtiollllllder Jlis '-111t'Sties N"me COIKfmill.': t11e businesse of Hull London, 1642, P 15. >..Sir. "i]] you grallt and keep. alld. hy \Ulr CY.Ith. confirm to the Pt>o(IIeof Engi nd(heL<,,,o;>lBdCII"(U[\IS(,,(he,ng"'lIIffibytheIGngsufEnsl,,ruly,,url,wflll andrdlJ':inu_, ..nd,namcly.thcLa\\"s.Custnm....nd Franrhl'<C'<,J(rante<l to(heCl'W'.by(heglorioosKiI18St.EdwW"(tyou,"'lOldil18(O(he lmv, ()f God, the tllle Pmlewon of the Go<;pd. LdJllShcd III thIS Kmom. and >\S1'et'ahletothe Prelogative uf the King.'IIIm'Of. and thean(ient CINOIIIS of this Realm"'. (H,s M"I"sIR'SAns"Htoa 1'I1T1tc<'l Book,,,nutulcd. A Remomtranc"m. The Declaration ()f the Lmils and Commons_ P 16)_ H(,("KO.I,I<O "'101; BapnaliT .'lallllOm TeKl"T"dIIl'Jll!eJjeEi BKmu'C, lhCh. Thcmanncrofthu;n., honofKinp;Charles the First()f I:':and...t WCSlmmster. 2 Feb., 1626_ LLmdon, 1892_ P 19_ 
r"lm!a IIIccnrn_ (!:lOP""''''BilIIIIC '''' UKIIlIIIIpa;;<J\a'''.'<OH BnHIII 245 111II1HHhlt' KJl}ITHb! ilHI.miiCKHx K(JpO..rll'li 111I11pa.i!(.b, Tilt<UM n(lpa:.iOM, Hil lJt'ChMa DlilTKI1e JIOI"i1'1t'CKIIt' IllOpIL'III'Jt'CKHt' OCHOIIaIlI!f!. Hu OTCyr- CTBl1eCepIK.-It1blX ilprvMelflUB "1<lO 3iIlXmL'JO B lliIHHOM CI"Jae nap."Ia- MCHTlKyll1 UIIIIQII11U11O. Jlj! Ht''' I.Jlal<lIhlll.l 6hll() npott.II<l'CTH I<IIC4<1T- J]etJut' Ha HiIl"t'.'leHUt' npaHbl C Tt"'l, ,,"ro61>11lIJIIIJ.'Il'4b H<1l1lOlO lTOp(JHY B 6opE>6e C Kopo.IIl'III KaK '-!tM'HO 6o.,lbWt' aHrmlunlX nOll.llilHHbIX. 9. UOnbITKa nap.naMelITCKOH OIllI03HllHH 83J1Tb nO)1 cooii I.-ompo'lb 11CII0JIIIHIeJIbII)'1O BJlacTb. .,I:{CBJITH3JI.I1.<lTh npeAITOiKcmrnt> JIOP.ll:OB H o6uurn KOpOJIIO KapJlY I TIoil06l1oJ:'[ ue,UJ nap.aMe!lTCKaJ[ OnnOJIIWlH CTpeMlL1aCbnOCTIJ'Jb H B 6opb6e C Kap.OM I 3a KOIITpo.% 11M l:ICno.mIlITe.1b[IOJ:'[ B.aCTblD. C KOHIli] "fa.<! nap.ilMt'IITCKa.<r unno:ml!fm CTa-lit npoHlL'JJHb uc06YID iUITllBJlOCTb B <JTOM lIanpalLelll!lI. 1 I!IOII>I 1642 mill .1opZlb] H OOUIll- lib! npllll.IL1H ileIDITlIMuaTb npe.u1!())I\ftIHH Kap.rIY I. B neTIIUHH. npe.!l- nUC.'[ilHHOI1 <lTOMY ilOt,)'Met1T)'. IUIJ(IpILlU(b, 'ITO UH npelJ:(TiUL'JHeTCH h"UpO.1O lIJIH ynpo4elQIH em a6c-meIiIlOro 1l0CTOHIICTBa H Ge3onacIlO- CHI, a TillOKe pallll YKJJeluellll.ll 6nar0c0cumIlI!>I It 6eJonacllocu! ero nU1IJl<lHHb[X f.'1aBllble npeLL'JO)l(eHlJ.II nap.allK'tITCl\Oll UnnOOHIII:III KapJJy I co- CTOfu1HBCJX:'.J:VIUIlI{'M: 1) H.tJHiI<lTb Ha KI[IO'-1elll>[t' JIO.UKHOcrH tI TaHHoM (('lIl'U" TOJ[I>KO JlI!U, 01l06peHHblXo6eI:lMIJ niUliti"aMl! lkIp'Ja!lK'lIT<I. it D nepepunaxl\JC"JK.JY ern ceccll5NI! - 6o.%llIItIICTBOM 'I.'1eIlOB Tailliorn COBeTiI; 2) pelllaTb I"Q(.YJlilpcT]It'HHI>lt' Jw.'[a Ht' 110 COBeTY "acrHblx .Utl!, HU HCK.IO"I!Tt',lbHO B 1IiIP.'JilMt'IITe, iI Tt' 113 lle., KOTOpb[e OTHOUITC5I K DeJlC!lHlO Tai'tIlOro CODeT.l, o6cyJI;.aaTb .'1Hlllb C TilKIIMIi ero ',I.ellaMIJ, Kdt,{)tlI>It' 113Up<1HI>] Ha nO:IJKHlIlTI1 B Ht'M UJloUpenI1t'M 06el1x 1Ia.aT nap.i\!t'IITa, 3) nop)'4an Docmrrillille KOp0..leBnmx llf'lrli TO,1bKO JIUlliIM, onOOpeIUlbD.! (6eIl-!H mL1aTaMH nap.aMeIiTil, a B nepepblBax I\K:?K!IY nap.aMellTCKHMlt CffClISIMH 6o.n:blllHlICTBOM Ta(lIIoro COBeTiI, '..LnrclllighSte".ardofEl-...!"IIKI. LorclllighCon.t.Ne. LordCIIiII.mlor.or Lord Kccpcrofthc Grcat Scal. Lord Trmsun:r. Lord PnvyScal. Earl Marsru.1. Lord IIdm,ral W..dIOll of thc Cillquc IflI1'<. Cfucf Gm"('mnr of Ireland, Chancellm. of thc Excheqller. Master of thc Wards. Srcta.rll'5 of Stal<'. Two Chief jIl511C",. and Ch,d Bamn. (Thc.lnurnals ofthc Housc of Cnnwnort Vol 2_ P 599) 
246 IOp'LlIl""""Cal.III1<T"all'-'IIIIl"K" 1"""'-"}["I,,"1640-16C,OrruroB 4) -I;;K.JllI)4aTb 6paK KlIrlb1Ui'ill Ui KOI)(J.JlCHlKUX Jll'Tdi C \1HIICT- paHHI>IM MUHap.'«XllIIJ[I! J[pyn1M }IIlIlO"! r,{(:' 61>1 TO HI! 6bL'[O,;; rpaHH- l!Cii WIH/IO.\!a, TO.bl«) IIpH comacliH nap.na\fCH'ffi, 5) np(tBCCTH B CTporoe IICno.lllClme, 603 KaKHx-.'JII60 HCK1JIO'W' IHlt'!, .l!et'!cm)'lOllme 3i1KOIIb[ nponlD He3YHTOB, CDmuenlll[KOD M 11,1[]- CKI!XnHCCHJIeIITOB 6) He IIpHHl1MaTb BO DHllMaHlle ru..1Ol<l ni\nCK1tX ..'IOPJlOB D naJIaTe Il9pOB}[O TOrI IIUPb[, 1I0Ka OHH Ilpll.iIO..'I>KaIOT fiblTb uaIlHC"ra.\!II' 7) npH.luaT(, 110pHllOK pacl1OJ»DKClDL\I MI\.Ml\[tcii, npHlL\lTb!i.[ .'10P' naMM H 06ll!HHaMH, 110Ka :!TOT Bonl)()C HC f'iy.4CT Pa.1IJCWCH fiIlJL1Ci; 0103Bm'b ne}cmpawUl H npoKll3M3ID1H Era Be.'1H'recTBa, nanpaIL1e[t- HbJe npon1B opJIHHaHCa 0 MI1.HlU!lJ, KOTupbJt'! 6bL 11311i1H .'10P..1L<\MIJ H Ui'iIlIIIH<I/I-lH: B) ufuJ:-Iarl> BC(:'X 'lJ]eHUR TanHUI"U l"tJl\(:'T;; II CYJ[l'11 "lIpl1Ht'CT1t IIpl1- CHI)' no I}x>PMC, 01l0fipCHHOH M }'C'TaHnB.!lCHHOfi aKfOM nap..'[a.\\CHTa, B TOM, 'ITO Ollit 6Yllyr nOJl.lK:1DK1113<1Tb nentUHlO 0 I1paBe H IK:'HOTIJpI>K:' CRII)'TbI, IL:W.UlHble H<llTOlUllI'>[ nap'"li\!eIlToMt>'; 9) YCTallOBIfTh nopHllOK, no l<"OropoMY "Dce CYllbH H nee nO..'DK' HUlTHb[(:, JUULa, HaJH;;'i(:'HHb[l' C CU['1i\("Im o6eIn: 1Ia.;i<f!" lIap.,aMeHT3, MOlY'" :!aHII\!ffib CI<OH MCCTa 00 me.x n()p, n()KG eedym ce6J/ -TDfJOIIX'.; 10) llap:maTb 06ll\cc nOMllJlOllallHC C TaKlJMM IICK!I]O'leIlIIHMIL KO' TOpb]e 6YlIyrpelwMelliLOBallb[ o6eu"!1[ na.ilTa!H nap.iI".!ell1a; 11) OTilliDaTb I}>oPTb[ M 3a.\fKII nOlI KOMa1U\OIla1H1e M none4ellHe ToIKHX .'11111, KUTUPI>IX Era Be.m!'Je{TBU Ha3Ha'J1IT C ollu6pemm napJ[a- MCH"I-a, a IJ IIL1K111>11JID: "IC"I\.IY lIap.JlaMCHTCKI11>11l CCCl.lUlMIJ C o;lonpc- IIH5I 6o.'llilllcii '-lacTI1 Taj:'[IIOI"O cOBcra, 12) pacnYCl1!Th «'JIJC3B('l'1aiiHYIO oxpaHY H BOOpY>KCHHb[C CWlb[, conpolJ())!(J1iUO[1W B lIaCT05lll\ee BpeMH Era BeJIH'It'CTBO, It B 6yl\)'llreM He C()3JI;IB<ITb ToIKUj:'[ lOI:p.lI;'b[ IL'JII 'ipe:IDb['JiUillbIX DOOpymellHb[X (.IIJI, Kj)OM(.' KaK I< COOn>('1CII<I1\1 C <I;;KOHU"I U I< (:_IY4at! i{(.'licfHUT(.'_II>HOl"O lIItfIeJI\a 11.rn1lITuplKelll1»; 13) "BOirlll B oo.'ICC TCCHb[H COIffi C focyH OObClIl-IHCH- HbIX npoHHHIIl11111 C /[pyn1MU COCl:[[HHMU MOHi\p'GlMU 11 mCYll<lflClua- r The jOllt1Yik uf [he Hun... uf Lords. Vul. 5. P. 98: The juurna1s uf [he }luuse uf eo.r.r.m.V012_1'600_ >.Thata11[]1ejudges,anda110fficF!'<;p1aeedbyl\pprohuionufhothllollse'iof Parliament. may hold the,r Places ljIIllIdlfJ bne . (The journals of [he Houseofll1rd"Vnl5_P99;Thcjourna1s()fthcliouseofCooIllllOl'" Vd 2_P 600) -. ThjloUffldl< of [h Hoose of Lords. Vol 5. P 99: Thjournab of th House of c:o.r.r..x...V012_1'600_ 
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248 IOpltillcumcacIIl'KT" alln..ikKO" ,"'''''-Off"I'1II 164016r,O rrulOB Hl'06XO,1.UIII()(T11 Coo611111Tb HapOJIj', 'J"ll) J.l1<..'1)!l'IO] pa:JYMHbIM H MIILlIO 6b1 CllOCuCxTlJUll<ITb 6.'[<11)' 1WpO'IeIJ<:TBa, 110 MHeHHIO Ero Beo.I\'Je<TRa TeKCT omIT.! toopO.'l5I Kap_a I Ma neBJITHailL[a1"b npeLLo)j(eHnl1 lIap.1(iJ1I(.'HTii 6hlJl (ctlllatJ'lCli ilH}'"m en;) C()tJC'IHm((j1I1, p"£KrraHllu1MII Re(.b Ilpei[Ult:'lTIIOH<lmIl1tl1 roil H ",IOJII1lM lIilp.ilMt:'HTt:'»-. C-JpOM Jl;it,o- HO"I Kuy."IllenepoM (SI,John Colepepet) IIJhollll)'CIW KJpu, DHKOHTOM c.D<)JIIUCH)[lKII"1 (Lunu\. Ca'Y. \'iscount Falkland). 18\1101U1 Em BcJllt 'Jt'(THO, IIpt:'fibIB<lIJlIIHH I< TO HpeM I< ,,"OPKt:', :yT1lt'fIolJI.'] IIpt:'i[CldH'leH- HbJI1 t'MY lIapnaliT UTIIeToI. CJlYlT>!lpll.l!IIH ero reI\CT 6b1 O"'I,III1t:'H D ITa-miTC 11(1[1II08 1111cpcJlaH Ii I1a.!JaTY mup-ml. B IKllIfJW]l'CIl(JI1 JlInep<nype 6oJlbIII RHUMaHlte y re. menl1. KaK np<lIlIL'IO, npe,:{.ItliI!>IM lIap.lil"lfOtIT.lfJlIt'B Kopo.'llO,npl1HI1ThJM t IDOH>! 1642 1U]13, a He OIIICIY Ha HI1X Kap.13 I B Ka'JCCTI<C npltl>lCpa \f())KH() IIpHIIl'Cnl TPt"'{I()NHhIl1 TpYilllCTllfll1Ki1 ft'Hpll Fu 1;11II(\ "Kt,H(:TIJ"IYllll- OHHi\.II HlTOplI11 AHrJII1M UT BOCIllt:'CTBI!H Mil 11pK1O'I feHpl!xa VII no CMcpnl fcopra Iii>, KOTOpblii C'ImaclO! I}1YHJJ,aIIICHTa,I(,Hb[M 1I1)()[I:'IHe- :1.l.'H\1CM 110 il<lHHUil TCM(.'. I1pu 1I1II1(:aHII\1 IIO!ll1TlI'Jl"l.:KUl1 (:111:,,".111\111, C1UIKI1IU1It:'il(11 D AHI"'1I1\1I<l'CHOfl Ho.lt'TOIII 1642 I'UlL<i, f;:l;I!];:IM IIJ 1aI"<teT H OIICHMBacT nCBHTH3,!I.I{aTb npcLL')()"I(('Hl1i1 JiOJ)}lfJH U mUIliH, 1-10 HH (:_Hll<ii Ht:' HIH(lfJm" 06 IITl<C"ft:' KlIpWl11 2 I1I1JI06I1hll>l}j{C 06pa:Jmt uocry- lIiIl'T H Call1y.'''b fdIJilHHl'P, r.->HfOlTHhn1 (Ji{)JUIII dJyH':lalcHTa.rlbHhL\Ul 1J1ynaMu no 1ICTOp1ll[ 3Hf.'JHiicJ(()ii PCBOJ[IO[!HIL B mWHpuoM npc.Q[IC- !]OHI1II K d'illpHIIKY "KOIICTI1TYIP-IOIIHbIC /[OKYMCHTblIlYlll1laHl'Kofi pe- I<lUIlIIIIlIt IIH IIHtIlC"f 0 :-rn3'1fOHIIII J1.1.'1ITH"'1.1IilTl1I1pt' LIOlKl.'HII11I1ap.rla- MC[rraplICB Kopo.:IIO\ HonIDKC HC }'IlO.\!lIHacT 06 OIBCTC I-Ja HUX 1>Of'O'ISI. ComHC"fC"fHlHHO II B ClMOIII- l(IOfIHl[KC TCKCT /lCIIJ.lTH3,Jll(a1l1 npc LIrnM- HI1H IIpl1l1C\ollll'll, a IITI<t'T Ha H\1X KllfJIl;m - Ht'T. Cpa;:sy lIot'le <;THX IIpe..'L10)/(e!ml1 1I0Mell!('IIa "JIeK.'Japal\II.II mlJlaT B 3aJl11Try OpllHlUUICa 0 'TheJourna\s ufth House uf Lord>. Vol 5. P. 153 'C.'l lIallam 11 The COINinllionalllr.rory of El\I!Jand from [he ..,U'<>.tUII of HenrI' VII. To Ihe death of GroIJ( II. In Ih,-"" volllmes. Ne\\ York. &Non. 1862. vcJ.i P 136-1-49. 'nol.JJOBa..C.P.fapiUlllep;".lIl'I!HI1t<lilU1rrbIIpt'MlfiKt'II>liiu.\le'UTuulpoKlle paMKII_OH..IJx>P"Y"'PYJOTR 'IC....... """C11Tl)'JIIIOllllb'CII.l"C"C"'UI,1]JCful\lh'CI"llCllO't" n1JYI-WIlilml)"l1IeiiBY'lCT\llIIll7€JJt'.OIIII\Ofi'u6b1llpol"TOYCTIlIIOB)rrDnpillnrre.'Ib- crooIL1JJ'PLIIa.1I1a'l>lC"hlXlI"JL""""""""BMl'CTIInpa",rrc",,crsa,Ha.,,,,,,,,,,,\IOI"OKOjIII' JJet. " OHII MOl)'T ncnTO.'lY Cl)?KllTb OIqII'lI'.1FhHbI.'1 3111Nl\l TOro. '/TO 6o.rJblllllHCTBO n<LuT..06I111U1I1PIIIISL10IuclOoro",'ITOC}'IIqJCIIIITCTKOp<>..>lno""",,,l1b1Tb,,C"ffi.UKO OCJlali'eH,Honpal(11l'!(X"I(I""KR'L'tIIf'ORaH.(ThclOocumC!1(softhcPuntan Rco.'IIIlII:.... I62S-I660jSdl'Ctoo"ndcdll:l'ClbyS. R Gard,ner Oxford, 1927 P.37). 'lb,.1_P149-254 
Lalla '" 'i;T.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III'C IIolC'L"IOnll! Ipa>!<JI<IlICKOH DOHIII 249 MILU[II!tIt» or 6 1II011fI', a 3a ueti 1I0K)"lt'IIT, nOlln]Callllb[H KOpo.rI1 B TOT >KC IICHb, KOr/la OH nO..1lIIHcaI1 OTI!CT napJIaIltCIUapmIM, TO crTb 18 UKIH, HO r lIuKyMelfT Heem JlIlI\lb KOplI;JCIltI{QI;' II(1CMlll B fleilccc'R'pump no IIOI'QII).' nap.rutM('IITCKOro opmUiallGI 0 "!lL1I!W[H. OrBCT KOlx:I.;m lIa CBHTIla;waT[' npell.'1o)((cIIIIii nap.'J1i\lCllTapIlCB UK)'TlTByeT B diupHHKaX lVK)"IeliTOB no I1CTOpI!H i\Hr.1Hi!CKuti peJJU- JIIUUlII1 1640-1660 I"O.l!OB, CUCTillL'JeHHblX H. II. .ar.-nnpHenCKIIM H B. M. flaapoBcKHM, XOTH TCKCT YK.a:ia[III(,lX npc;J.'XYI«'lUrn B IUIX npu- cyn.11J}'L. 3m o.1HZ'Ja('T, 'JTO HalBaHHblC IICTlIpHKH He IIJUlIlCllia!IH tropo.IX'IJCKO,",Y oTnery ua napJli\Me]ITCKlJe npe.wi())l\ftIHH CKOJIbKO-IIH- 6Vll(, 60.;\(,wora ;nm'IeIlHH. - t.k'}f\.'\Y Tl"'! H .l(.iicnmlCllbHOCTH (Yl"H!;'T Kap;Ja I Hi! IIClltllHalllilTb IIpe.a....1U)((eHl!i1 JlupllOB II UUWI1H 1JBJ[H,lOlllUK\lMCHTU"I, KUTopbni 6b[;\ no CBOCt.ty no,lHTI['lCCKO\l)' 3I1a'lC!lHlO 3[1a'1Irfc.,1(,1I0 60.;ICC BCCOM(,]M, 'lCM ant npCJL1O"KCHIDI. C Mm!CIlTa EJOCC'UUIOB.'1CHIIH B 1660 IO.J,.V ,,!(}- lIi1pXHH CTluapTOB IJ BnJ[UTb 110 nap,la",e[ITCKIIX p$pM 1832 H 1867 COllOB OIllicalliiaH B lIeM KOIICTpyKwrn IJepXODllOti rocyililpCTIJe[t- Hoi1IJ..'laCTHrxf! m IIffi.IbHOIlPU:Jl-JaIJa.laCbBKa'JccTI<CIf,,(COIIOIII'lCCKOiiI[ IOjJlIlIl'll'( lWI1 IIlHUHhl i\HI;a\1i:icKOI1l roeYil<1fXTBl.'HHUlll ClpO}l TIpell!IIDKf'1U1H naPJJ3MftITIlpUeB xapaKTepH30na.1HcL B OTBeTe lIa HID: 13 I B Iffi'lCCTBC TaKUX, IffiKIIMH «<1m YM, HlJ 6.rJ:aronpHCl'Ofi- HUCT!>!' HX IIpe/[Dlel"T[JeHHHKUB Hl1KOr;1<1 tie C'lIITitlUJ YJi06Ht>lM BbL1UlJ- raTb IiIX\IY->lH6u 113 IIpe,lhUB Era Be;[II'l{'("l1Jill. .L\eDHb 1I-3.l!eBHTHiU\- uaTlJ npCi!,.'10>KCHHL[X ..'JOIV\3Ml[ lJ UUll!lIH3MlJ Mcp K31U I Ha3B3JI H31I1iCaHHb!MlJ H H311(."l3.Iat1HbIMH HZ J!3h[KC, HCIUBCCI'11ON tin CMV, fiH era lIapollY (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9,10,15,16,19)'. «Tpe60n3]IIIH TaKOb], 3<1HBlIJI 011, 6yTO M('] 1K:':J.OCTOIIlIb[ JlOBepHH, KOTOP[,]"I 06.'IC']e[I(,] 3aKOHOM lJ HamIIM npOHCXOJKJ\eHlJCM OT CTOo.% Muomx BC,lHKUX H r The COII'<Iiwtion.11 [)ocoments of the Puril:.1n Re\-"oll1lioll 1625-1660. P 25 , 3a]({)1I01iITl'1Io<"TRO ilHrll.ikKoii l'eRo.lIO'uul 16O-1660 rr. j COnal!it!! H. n.II,,,rrp,,,,oc'KJ.ii. M. .fl. 196, C. 60-63:!lu fN"AUIl B. M OinJ'lIJlK..uIY'< IHUH 110 "("TOp'''' ilHnllilCKO<i PC""'1""""11 XVII.. hL 1973. C 149_151 R OplllllC'lilHIP' K IlpeaM6v.1e lIeHTI\l.Jllml IIpe1l-IIMIl'Hllii H. n iblIlTp"el>l.Kllii I'POlUlTllpoM Ma 1CllhKlliiOTpbIIIOKIL10TBCTaKap.1aI lIaHIIX,II KOTOI"'MKOpo.",OOpa1]101I0Ki\.""I\a.', K.1l({Jii HjtTO)I(H"ii, IICTO CII'FIO."II'CKOfi 6y!Wf f'T"I1 "-a("Tb "PII YlIoBlleT"OfJf'H'111 1'pl'6oB,...,liill"-Jl.aMcIITapllCB . HIS MaJc_'\lc_' .\J....w to the XIX Prof'O"t;on. of both House_, <1f Parliament Loodon, 1M2 P I 'lh,d_P5 
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r"lallal"'CT.rn tl)Op"IIP"BilIII'CI'-'lC'L"IOm"'pa>!<JI<IIICKOHBI)HIII 257 IlJIJOpll.JIOCh: ",CywecTDYIOT nBa DIUliI ,,-opo.'X:'IJCTB, MJ IOCII'OpbIX onllo npCJlCTIIBlIDCT co6oIi 1I.!13Cfb, Ha.1naHHYIO lIo.l.lIHL'\: dominium regale, H JLPymt' tl,.I3CJb, Ha:iHaHHYKI dominium politicum et n."W\Ie H OHI1 pa:L111'GllOTCSI Te"I, 'ITO B nepDOM KOpOJII> \l0>JII"f ynpan.'I5ITb CDOHM lIapollOfll nocpcncTBOM TaKHX 3i1KOIIOB, KOTOp!'[C 011 l13.1lacr ca\lO"llN- HO. H 1I00fJ0\lY OH ,,!O:lKeT 06J[o)l(l1Tb H<1pO!L TdJ[beH 111LPYn!M11 Hil.i[Ora- MI[, KaKIIMI! OH {.ilM :lKt'.'IaeT, 6e3 cor'lilnm lIapolIa Eo BTOpoM KO- l)(l]I> HC fII())KC"f ynpaBJI5IT!'cBOHM lIaplT\m! nocpc;<cTBOM I[HI>[X JaKOHOB, Hl?l\t'JUI TaKl[X, I-.OTOpbI-C HilpnJl QI[O)I"'l H IlO.nnNY OH He MO)/(('T 0!i,1araTb uapoJl 1I:1.I'IOra'lli 6e3comaCHH ero caMOrU'o. Tep"lIl11 ..dominium&, }'IUIJII"6.15leMb[H B npHBe.l!eIlUOM $paro. MeHTt', 1Im,IKHOHt'HHO 11l'fX.'lllI.ill1TCJI ClllJIJC"Il'HHhl"lll ilHI'-'U!lI(.KH"!U IqJa- 1JOlJe.IaM11 KaK "'government (lipatl,.1t'HHe)>>. 31u He DIIOJ[He TO'-lHhl[ rn:'(X'BOlIo. ConCp)/(aHHC Dccm 1piIK'GIT3 0 MonRpXIrn nOKa.1WBaCT, 'JTO cDopTCCKbI00603l1a'-la1 B HCMTCpMllllm! "donmlluml> Hc.gm<emmcntl> np,ULlelllte IUI[ npaBltTe.'lbITHO, a KOpo.,leBCl\)'1O WJanb.. J.1 {.OOTBeT- CTIJeUUO npOBOJlIL'I pa:L11!'Il!e lie MeHillY a6r0.'l1o"'HlJii U OlpaHU'lt'fflKJU _VOHI1p\7.I£U, a MC>1;.J,.V ilHyW/ fXI.-II/08UIlHocrmtVll IWpO'IfflCKOii. (JIlJ{mu: TOn, K(JTOpaH IIhlfJi\.>l\d.la fjO,ilHJ uihioto hO(XJVI, 11 TOH, 'JT{I tIlIIlJlODlaJlCl iJooii1lywBO.710 1Wpo.l/.R U WlpoiJa. Ha:JBaUHe JKe TpmcraTa "Pa:JJuI'1IJe Me>lWY a6conIOllIOH I[ orpaHl1<JeHlloii MOllilpXJteli", 6bIJ1o 1\allO He 00- TOpUM, iI Uepllh!fIIl!.J 1<fft''JtN iI,aHHOrO IIpUltJDe}[eIllUi .10pilOM <'DoPTec- l(bId. H 310 Ha;maliHe lIe.'l1>351 npllJllaTb ("(JOTIJ{'I{'TDY!OllilU\-[ DCe:\IY em COJlCP)lffilU!IO' fulCC lL1H MCHCC OHO l1QlI,."<Q.').IIT JlI[llIb K ncpooil era 'laC"'. nOlITpl1UiI "C"lernalilioro nIJJJt'IIHH. D ee KaCCiI<JecKoM DapH- illITe nonp<O)'NeDa.'lil CMeweliHe 3.'leMe[ITOB MOnapxlU1, RpllC'lOKpiITlm u ll'MUKj"Jal1m. Hll-tet-!HII TaK IIpe {(Tdl<;UL npatl,.lt'Hue IHljlUUHOro pCJJ\a DIL1fJbni ilHr.'l11HLKI!n Ilaeo.ltnr ("()(YlI.iIJX-"TIJ<I TlOllOjJUD elll1CKon n:IKOH 3ii.UK'p ljohn Aylmer, 1521-1594). B TpiIKTaTC ",nplI(x.>KItlliC .4..'151 npcJlallHwx H BCPllb!X I1OJI.],aHI[blX!>. Ha[J(o<JaIaHHOM B Crpac6yprc D lj ThcGfl\'crnanrcofFr,w.nd.othe........sccallooT1icD.ffuulCChetween an Absoluteand.. Limited Monarchvo. P 109. , C,.., Thc UdfLrcnoc bctwcc ao Ahsoilltc aod LJm,tcd Monarchv; as It mOre "'1nicularly regards the EogJishCOII'Iit\'tion. Being a treatise, ".riue'lh}'SirJv1m Fortescue. KL. Lnrd ClncfJusuccaod Lnrd H Charnflor of En.<:Jaod. IIndcr K, IIcory VI Faithfully tramr..hcd from thc MS. CO('\' m the AoiIlc'an Uhral)' antI "()lIa!l'<I,,,ththT''-'cothcT'MSS.Pobhshed\\thso'''''TCmarksb.YJohn ...,..Aland ofthClnncr-Tcmplc,ESQ Lnndon,l714 
258 IOpltillCU:llcacIIl'K"n. allnl]ikKOII f'CHI'-OK"PII] 16401660 rrulOB 1559 r., 011 ymep)((lkU, 'fTO B allr..'UI}[CKOM llap.;JClMeIlTe MO)l(IIO 06l1a- PYA'IlTh "'71>11 KOjJllfII'laI((J11 (l'StaIcs):...-oporrn W[11 KOIXUCFJY, IIPC'tcraH- Jl}IKlIIll.'l1I "!llHapXI1KI, '-IHaTHblX JlHl,llii, njX'ilnal<,il.l.JIOIQ.l1X <IfIucnmpa- nuo.!.-opo>Klli1 C Pb[uapJI:I,!l npeLinan.'lHIOillIlXJre\lOKp:ITIIIOI. n01l06noe 1l<tB.'ICIU.JC 0 xapalITcpc roCY.J;IpC'IBClIlIOro CTpoH Anr.'lIUJ Bblp;DKa.111 fOlII1CKon J1t;:Im nUHfOT (john PDmt, 1514-1556), K{JWPbl(J IlUGl.l: d1 <iT1[ Pa3.'lIt'illb[e Dlmb[ ror)'ili1JXTD IUI[ IlU'lIlCUB IIM('1()T rrco6uc lIa:malll[W Tat, r.I).C Ollllll IllxlBIIT, "tOllapXlIlt, rc Ilpmnrr I>IHOfUC 113 JlY4Qli1X apllClOKpaT[U[, TaI>l, me IIpaiJI1T "tHrnM. CToo, -lK'MtJI<JXITIliI, a re oce BMf'("Te, TO ecTb KOpo.%, 3!laTb I[ 06um- UL!, - CMeW<Ullloe roc)':IapC'IDO, K01OpOC .1I01LH D Te'leUlie IlpoJlo''J)KII- TeJlbHIII-O IiPl",ll'HU C411TaKJT Jl.Y4I11('1i pa:JHOHIIj[H(JlTbKI \:J HCfOX. nUlliMY 'fro KorM CMeWallHlIe CllC"fOHHI!fO ()(.YWE'{,B.))JIfOlt'H, n.ICY cy- 1l{CCTBVC'TOJlLllIC»". AHmlliicKuii npaBOBCi< TIl.\!ac CMI1T (Thomas Smith, 1513-1577) C'II[Ta"l, 'fTO "CMeWCllIlIoe npaD.'Ielllle", CO'feTalOillee DCe6eJ'JeME'IITh! MOllapXIIII, apuc1UI<pilTIII[ I[ nOIq:>anll[, HD.rrnen;.\I TIII1I1'iUbIM rnoft- CTJj()[ Jlw()()ro ycmfi'JHHOI'O n1lYJtapCTlJa. B TfJ8KTaTC -«Dc Rqllihlica Anglorum (06 at11.IUi:icKOM rocy;1<IfX 111l')>>. ClJ:i JaHHIIM II 1562-1565 run:aX'.OIl IlIiCWI: «Pe.'lKO Y.3.<1CTCH Ba\[ IL'JI[ IIIIKOma lie YJliICTCH 06na- p)')KHTb roCYMPCTBO I-IJIH IlpaBJIeUl1e, KOTOpO!' aocClmoTlIO IL1H flOk , 4 Thc th;IW' m dcdc. IS to he ,;cnc In the parhamct hOlL'<, whCrln you shal find thesc3csta!s. Thc KIn,l1;<JrQucIIC. ,,-Ineh  the Monarche. Thcnoblcmm. wllleh kthe ArlS!ocratlC_ And thc Buq:cs'l'S and Knts thc Democratic. (.1ulmerJ An..,f<JrFaithfullandTm\ieSubJ",-"t!;.Str.1559.P21) '.Anrl thc.,cd,VCrnc kyndcs of s!atcs or pobe,c., hadcthclrdlstmc!c narncs. as "11eroneTlllecl."MunlITh,e"herl1ld:ll....ufthebes[.Aris[Oll<ltie;\\11erlhemullllude. Dcmoc......uC" and whcr all t,,,,>ethcr, that IS, a k,np;, thc noblbuc, and C'<ITIIOC'S," m,xtc 1ate; "hk-h men h}.long ('onliml Umt"e b I\e iudged tu Le the best s"r[ of all. For ,,11er thai m,xte 1a\e \\"IiS exercll"t'd, ther d,,] th exm"n \\"eallhe IUI1!(est (."ntmue& (Ponet)o. AShorteT"'lliseufPoli1ikePo\\"er.itndohhe(rueobedience.\\llkhsooj('("tesO\\"€to k.md otherelvde Guuveru[Jllr.... wilh an EdKKl.!o.lun lo..Ulrue natumll English men 1556. B!litDDOM p:taUIDI<rrcyf(TAylOT 1!Q\lEpanpa"un«('("Q nepAOli np.lIPI- IJt,'lIl111-aTbTIIT\I'-lbllblll."'Il.T"plllIllb,jick>u\""'Tpal.JIIW9-ji...rp<IIIIIUe) II HC YKa13110 ...........-, IIMaH)l!I Jl101iomHHo. 'ITO Ha TII1)'C n[l,l m,.-", ""l3H'.... 1556-pallllt"allUpVIditlX4I&12 reprinted in 2e.. Hcoxpmmn OfiII>orpdcJ>IOOOpIB1Jli<1- -"'lTaI<nuC"-'"lla.."nlliICKOUSl3"KcRecpc,1111ICXVIR , llepJwHnaJl"IU,lii BapllaHT De Repuhlica AogJorum. (jj,l HamlcaH R 1562- 1565 rr T""ac C"\lT >KILO B :lT1i I"Q!\W no IJJpa'PIIIII. rjlc """II."a, .1IlUJKIIOITb 110' e;<a"HIIKal<£""'Bb'F.."I:ranCT'''"pll.'{BOpcK£'''''I]JI'''p.'aIX 3aro.1"oeooeiie"cJ!T" ollllcpcpa[xml.,;nullfXIIl3BCAelillc ilt'pHa.<!elUlly6JJIIKau,....6wIaO!)-<unnl..e.... BI58.'Sr 
r "lalla '" 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III.e IIolC'L"IOnll! Ipa>!<JI<IlICKOH nOHIII 259 IIOCTbfO C0311<1110 I[J KaKoro-JII160 011110ro H3 IIIIK. Db[llle YOOM.IIII)"TbI"', 110 0110 Bcerna CMewaliO 0.1\110 C JIpyrHM II 1I0ClIT IIM.II TOro, KOTOporo 6o.,1I>llle I[ KOTOpoe npeBOC'IDJ\IfT 1W)'THe, Bccr,na ruUl 6o.,1"'-llcii 'JaC- TblO'" KaK COt',1.11l1em!e MOnapxml, apnCTOKpaUIH II :reMOKpaTlIll nOIll[- MM o(Q,lewauuoe npaB.'lC!lIJe JbKon Ymm4rr Uohn 'd'hitl!Jft, 1530 1604), apXHfflIlCKO[] Kemf'P&puiicKlIii C 1583 r. I[ D.O GIMoft cMeprn. «513!imo, ruICa. 011, ..TO Bce <ITH Tpn BllillI npalL1enH.II "IOI)'T 6bITb CMeWallb[ BMecTe pIl3JIU'IUb\[1I cnoco6a"JII. 01l[!aK0 COCTO.lllIHe npaB- }JeHI!.11 Bce ewe I[MeIlYt'lOI cor.lacll0lO"Y, I\ill.;oe I!J IIIIX npeBaJUlpYeT, I[ OKaJblBaeT lIan60.'lblllee lli1H.IIIIHe: TIIK, Koma neJIa OTnpaB.'lIIfOTC.II 6o.,1I>llleft 'JaCThIO CODlacneM 6o.,1bWIIIICTBa 1Iap0D.H, rocY11<lpCTBO lIa- 3b[IJa(:"KH InpWlIIb[M, Kor.ua rpynrvii JI)"IIllI!X IIJII[ I>l)'lIpelllllllx, OHO IIMenyeTcH opllmorum slams; Koma - 011Ul1M, 3T0 HaJbIDaeTC.II MOIJaP' xHeii&2. nYPltTalKlmft CIDlllleIllIOC'l?II.UTe.'lb TOMiIr KapTpaflT (TholllUS Camtrqjlt, 1535-1603), 0[]pe!le.1H.11 rocY.l!apCTBellilb[ii CTpOii AUr..'IHH KaI{ «CJ\lernaJllloe npan.leIlHe», YC1aTpHBa.l era cyn, B CMernem!1I 1.10- HilPXI1I[, Taiit1oro ("(IDeTd I[ nap_lJa'lt'liTa. 06paJ laKOI"II npaB.let1l1.11, OTMe<la.l all, «npO.llB.UleTC.II TaIOKe D no.lltTHI,e <JTOI"O 1\0po.eBCTDa; TaK KaI{ OTIIOCIITeo.'lLIIO Ee Be.'Ill'1eCTBa KOpo..leBb[ <JTO - MOllapXItH, lIDJIee, OTHUlliTe.'IbHO 6o.,"IbIllI!HCTBa ,1,OCTOIIO'ITII"IOrO 1{lBt'Td,;!TO - <lp11CTOI\- panm, II, npHlIIIMa.II 00 BHI[Malll!e nap..laMellT, Karopblft c06HpaeTC.II HJ IJCex COC'IOBHft 8TO llt"lOKpilTU.II&J. 311.'IMep, nOHeT, CII[T 11 .l!pyn[e aHrJIIII[IKUe MblCJIliTe.lll XVI B Onl1pa.1l!Cb npH 113.1lMt\ellllll .l!OKlpI1Hb[ «CMelll,ulHoro npaDJIeml5u> Ha no.11111I'It'CK1Ie U.1lel! ApIlCTOTI'JI.III! 00.1116H.II. JbKon Q>OpTecl{b[O'lep' lIiI.,ll1ilOXHoneHlle, KilK OH !"iIM IIpll::lHillJa.r[ D CDOliX TpaKTaTilX, I1J upo- I!3Beilemlii <DoMb[ AKaI[HCI\Oro. Ihle"lIlIO Y <JTOI"O DblililiowerocH cpeJl- lIeIJffiOIJOro Teo;']ora au 3l1l'\iCTBIJIJiLl neJIellHe lit'p'\OIIuoii rocynap' CTBellllOii D,jlaCTl1l1a KOpo..1eOCK)'lo(regaJe). C oll!loii CTOpollLl, I[ B.laCTh I Smilh Th De Repul.>b,,, AIIg1olllm. A Disttlr.;e on lh Common\\".,,,lIh uf !:l1,I(lanrl/F..d'toob}.L,\I.;ton <'IIII.oo.,:,19[)6, P 14 , 1I'hilfl J. The Works of Juhn Wl1itgift. The first portion, (,ol1t1,inil\g the dcfcnce"hhe3TL",,,rtoadmon]tlon. In,t thercplv"fThom.' ean\\TWtt tl3l:l:.al£ I-V1Lonrlon.I85I.P.393 . 4Ao 'm:v::e ,,'hcrrof"f1PC'!Ktb at,o III the pohcy"ftb" "",111I: lor as, III rcspcct of the (jueen her IIIi!Jl"IIy. It IS iI "-",,,rl'Y, so. III rc'f'OCt "f the rno't hnnO\,rah1c ('Oonc,l.l!lS..n:m>tUt-rncy...nd.havm.gl\f!pdtoth"...-h.uneot."hlChls=mbk'<lur aUC'iI3tc<;,.ltlsademocracy"(I(lITIIO:lhld_P -190) 
260 IOpltillCU:llcacIIl'K"n. allnl]ikKOII f'CHI'-"K"PII] 16401660 rrulOB no.U[TII'ft'CI\)'1O M .;opMeBCK)'IO (poJiticum et regale), C Dp}'I1J11. <!>oMa AKBHIICKllii ClpOIVI coon nOmlT[l'ieCJme Teopmi 11<1 OCIlOBe nOJIIiTII- 'fCCKIiX ;J;OKfpMII ApIICT01t'QJl. 110 rIpH aTOM npucnocaru1llBaJI IJX K CpC,'IIICBCmIlOMY MllpOOO:<'11X'1I1110. B Tp'IKTOBKC <!>oMb[ AKBHIICKOro "'C'-!CUIaHIIOC IIpaIUCHIIC1> TaJ{..I(C Mb[(:,lIUOCl> .Y'lIIIII"!. 110 C(U}larCJ[Ct em lip(' {CTau..'IJ.Llnl Eur. B"!l'cre (: Tt'M n:pal!..'Il'Hl1e JtaHHOl"O pll)[iI CIJJ/- ;j!>IIJaJlUCb, PliIHHhlM ofipaJo'!-, (: "!UHapXJ1ef!'. c.'[ei\-VlI 3iI cDuM.:lii AKBI[Hl'I\I1"J, .l1>KOIi <1>I-lpTt'CKb!U nOfJl!"!aJ1 ",doll)imull) pohticum ct rcga]e.. KaK B.'IaClb, npe.alla.'laraIOll{YlO CM('- UlCHI1C HfMH MOHapxa C BOJ[ci1 HapoJla IIpll IIPHH}!TI[11 3aIroHOB I[ Ha- 3Ha'i(;HI1I1H<LUJrOH.C"lbIC_ll<blp;I)Kl'HHIIIII<:-rrOM(:_IOHIIlO'JC:'TclHI1111....11:'I1 _('Mt'IIlaHfJO["(J IIpaIt'It'HIUI» 6bIJI :iHiI'iIITt';lhHI)6UJIl't' :v.-ItnIM 110 CpilBHt'- HIIIU CO o-lb[c.r[U[ i1UKfPUHb[ 4(!t'llJaHHuru IIp"dBJ[t'tJI!fI'' B t't' aHTH'I- IIO"! BapnaliTe. Ho iI"[t'!lIIO naHlIa.II Wle.ll C'IIITa..'IJCb B cpelle 06pa30- nalliioro KJlaCCR Alir.'II[1I 0 nepHOll. Ilpe..'l.lllelTDClluni peoo.lOWU[ 1640-1660 rr.. lIall6o.n:cc COCJIBCTCTIIOBaIIllIClj xapaIncpy aIlrJIllf!cKoro rocynapCTBC[lIIoro CTpoHo. Yl1;lb5IM K'JM.1\CH (1551-1623) n'IS/.Il IlpI[Hl!I1ll ocYlllC' CIH.l(.HIUI ...-opollCHCKlifi RJlacTll, BblPIDKCHHblii I< (:'IIII<OC04c'raHI1II qlnmmlum polltlcum l't rt',gale». I< Ka'it'CTHt' peilJlbHIIIIfI'[Ml'HIIJlIlt'llJ- CH lIa IlpaKI1l1re KOpOiIeM )bKeIIMCOM 1 (RKOBOM I). B CBO(':\!"fJJIUffiffi:' ",PaccyM,ll('III1C. KaCaJ()[lf:'CCJI IlpCpcrnTllBI>I KOpoIlLl1>.C03MHIIOM 1lpC.!I- fl().,lmKIUCQbHO B 1lCj)1I0.., C 1614 no 1623 r., aHr.'lI[iicKI1ii UCTOJ1IIK l111ca.a: ..l!.-lE 06l1apY..KCHJ1}[ IIfICPUr"dTl1l<bl "Ibl JlomKHbl IIL'C.JICJIOHarb, ynpaHJlJ.Il'TCJ.I >111 KOplJ;Il'BC"IHO KUPO/l(.'HCKUll. IIO.'ll1T11'Jt'CKOj:j, (:Ml'IlIilH- HUll B.'[iIlTblU. KOJ)Q.'JeBlKaJ.I 1L1i1C"Tb <JW KUI1li\ KupO_b 6t'3 CUm<lCIIH CBOera lIilpollill1 Ht' crallH era I1II3Bt'CTIlOCTb MaIM'T n.w.aroI"b JJKUllbl, I«JTOpI>le lie 1I1L1.11lOTCH 06peMellll1t"%lIbIMIJ. npeporaTIIIJa 1<I1((Ira KO- po..1H npOHBIDle'JCR B onpe.!leJlellllll: 011 MO;Kl'T neJlaTb TO. 'ITO '((1'(("1". eCJIH 3TO IIC RBJlHCTCH IIccnpaBI'A/UlllbiM 11 UI'KKIII.!. no.l1nJ'IecKa5I B.1:aCTI> 'JTOKOr!¥lK(J(Xl'lbHCW»KC'f113Jl3lld'Th3aKOIIl>Ir)('.Jo6j)('- HI[}! 11 cm::JaCI[}! CHOCI" Hapo..1iL n[X-pornnma. KOTOpOj, KOj)()'][I> 06.'13.- HaeT D"IaK(N rocY.'Iapcme, ilomKua IlpOHB.iIHTbCH 0 3aKOlle, 3a HCK.'II0- 'It'HI1eM Ht'KUTOphlX IIpf!B",lt'n[[, 6eJ KUWPhlX tJI!KaKOru I<.iJJXhlH 6bITb , C.'1.1I0-.po6ttee06.nmi:B/ylhej M l1wMi!(OOCm<.tIt\]I;ollilndthe DNilletion !J. t\\'<:H, Rep,aJ and Political In the Work of Thomas Aquinas 'TheJournal of the HistOlvofldca'<. 1986. Vol 47 M4. P 547-56.'> iBIlPB"'COII)fi.UlKO",'''.iUlIIIII''''1J''lKTdT6b1JIJII!WLD 1957 r. BII;waIlIll\ Procc<;(hofthcAnJ..ncanPh"<JSophlCa1Scn.", 1957 Vol 101 """,2 P 205-215 
Lalla '" 'CT.rn <I:lOpMII!,,'''''III.e IIolC'L"IOm.. Ipa>!<JI<IlICKOH BI)HIII 261 He Mll)I(l'T. CI(.'lIl;;HH<I}] H.'I;;CTb O Km;!.3 K!rpi:J.,1b "1OiI<.I!I" I< HeKOTo- Pb[J( Ill'llliIX 11;jj[iUTb ;'j;;KOHI>I, He lTdB>! CBOII HapOlll! 11311eCTIKXTb, B lIpyrJ1X He &-3 ero 01l0UPl'HI1>!1[ coro.qaClm; llil>!l1lC'lt'D:OBiJ.HI[J( npe- poraTlll<bl I< Ti\Kml ["OCY;\i\jlCTHl' j(O!!)KHII (Ti\P;;Tl'JJhHO U3blUQITh, I< Ka- KI1X 11l'1I1i1X K!IJ)().'lb 06.la..a'T I\Opll.'!l'IItKOfl I!.'lilC1h1O, 111< KaI\I1X HJ.,lhKO no.,ll[TI['Jecl\""flli.. l . nepe'fI!c"11!B npI1BI[.'Ienll[ KOpU.;m: no ilHUl1iicKOii KOHlTI1T)'IP-II1, KM'{CH IqlOi(O)DKUJI (:1<011 pao:yM,K'J-UlJ.l 0 .CMlIlli\HHOfi 1<.lacnli> "R 0611i1PYJl\II-;J Y ;\OCToHHOl"O ilHTnp;; - II)[HOJX) 11::1 Tl'X, KlU 6bl.'[ JlOP,:WM L'lrlllllb[!I-[ CYllbeH 11110c.1e 3IOrnJ!Op.t.OM-KaHlL'lepOM Ha JlBaJlIlaTb IIOCbMOM IOJI." 11fI;;1J.11CHIUI f l't1pllXa VI (HO JI}'<jIUC UbI.;JO 6b[, eC.'lu 6 J.I Hi\lIIl')I 3TI> IHIC[)t'J[CTHOM pa:-IY"la), 'JTO <lTI) CMl'!II;;HHiUI IJ,iJa(.Th KlIfJO.'tl'!JtKa>lIJ ilO.1I1T1!<jl'CKa>I IIP[I<jIIHiI, 110 KUIOpoii OH yrnt'pJK,.'[ilt'T, 1I04eMY OHiI JlHJlJ.!('IUI 'JaClbIO lI(lUITI1'JL'CKlIlI. iillGllO'aTOI H 1"lI:\I, 'JTO KOPO}lb 1rpi:1HII"lilCT IIpllC,.lry npl1 LI<Ol'l1 K!IpUHilI1I1I! co6.UOj!.3Th :-j<;KlIH, I\aKlIBOH OU>l3b[Hilt'T fOro TdK, 'ITO 011 Hl' 1Ik fOil) 113"ll'HI1Tb 110 lllO€'- MY)I(CJiaHIlIO, II(BIOM}' OH He Mffik'T W\i\ilTb o.1I160 3i\KOHa IIpO- THI< 1I.-\'IiIHHO["() Iq1C-'I\.'[C, KiJ.K ro "IWI\l'T Cill'JJ;;Tb K!rpi:Ul'I<CKi\}1 tLl;;CTb, It J( yllt'peH, )(OT}! OH Hl' 11p1[HIIMa.:J TdKOH npl1Cfll"I!, OH He MOIKeT IIJMe- W[Th HX IT C. 3i\KOHb[11i0 CIIOCMY A.c.'lilHIlIO, iJOTOMY <jTO OH O,1l[IH He Il:-\,'@CT IIX 6c:1 comilUUI CI<Ol'["() H;;pi:1)1.<I I< lIapJlil.\!CHTC, HO .-na K.DlllIi\ J.[1J"I5Ie'lnl !"ilpaHTltpOH<lHHOfl ;:lilll{l1TOft IIpaH IH).!UIiIHHhIX, IIOTOMY 'JT(} OHI[ HC MOlY'" IIpH6cran K HaCHJII[IO»2. YI1J/1>JlM K9"l,J[CH Hlt..I(.l'..'J cyn, "CMcnIi\HHOm IIpaR.CHr!H», Ki\K H .lI.)K(IH c:D(IjJTl'l.KbJll, HCMl'lIICHI1II HO)II1Jo;11f.lO-1J.lCHlJ;Jl'liHilIJ!I)I.<I. Mec- TO.\! aTOro C.\!CIlJCHH}[ aHrJII[ikKltMI1 n)JaIIC<jlrra.,'iCHnap..'Ia\1('11T W[H II IIOJ[110M Hilllll1CHOIJaHHII - IIb[COKUfi CYlillapJ[aMCHTiI ColJI3CHO 3;lYdJ'\IlV KY"}', <;TOT oprall cex:m.ll)1 113 K!lplJ.,'1J.[ II TJ1l'X KlIplUlpallitH (estates): 'IOpJ\0EI JJ...VCIOEIHb!X, .'iop,'lOB CIICTCK[IX I[ Ofill!IIH l . np!l :nOM I Camd n W DislOurse,uXIlffilioglhe IVeofthe er-o Ibid P 210. 'lfindina"iurtb}'aOlbor.uIl"lbll.wasL>rdClb"rJlI''Iic''and..fter\\''.ruLurd Cbann..flor28 to llelll}' the Sixtb,(hllt hetter do I find ithy reason).tb at it is a mixt aOlbulity of regal oil po1ihq"'" lbereason begive[h ,,-hy il is partly po1liqueb brc-uo;chctakcthanoathathlScllrOoatlOntod>...n'Cthela\\.wh,ehhm<lcthb,mthat be call1lota11er it at hb; lb!0t4n.,he calmot make any la\\'i\'!<lin.'I ,,11a[ was made before, as rcpl authorll}' lOa}' <10: aod I am ",,",ured th0'JE:h he toolr. no such (Jath hecoliid nota1terthemli.e., lawslathisp1easllre.l>ecalisehealonedid lIot ITkllr.e them Wlthoot the cement ofh,-, people In parhamelll, hOl this oath IS (he sorest ddeme of thesuhJect'sright.he<:auscthey("aouscno"'o]cnce(Ih,d. P 211) , 0Jkr! E. The FOO!'Ih Part ofrhc lru;tltllt"" ofrhe Lawsof Eland, COIlC01T1I( of theJlIrI!,dlctlOllofCouns_'fhcFif!h&!luoIl Lood1lIl,1671 P I 
262 IOpltillCU:llcacIIl'K"n. allnl]ikKOII f'CHI'-"K"PII] 16401660 rrulOB KOpo.% Mb[c.mL'lC51 B K.l'fecTBe l1ucnrryra llilacTH, n03Bb!lllaBlllel[OI H3Jl OCTa,bHb[MU KopIlopaIIHJ.lMH. B IITI<t'Tt' Kap.;ra I Ha Ilt'HJfnill,rPICITb I1fX.'J[ IOJ!\CHl1fr lIap.'IaJ,tetrra cyTb .cMftl]::lllllOro npan.'leUII.II» npe'LILac(, II BlL'le CMerne1U1.11 KOpo..'ICI3CKOt"! B.acTH C Bo.,'JCli JIOplIOB I[ o6lIDlH .B <IT0"1 KqXl'll'BC11le ;;<\KOIII->I 1[3'1<\1OTl"H C0IMl'l111O KlIpIMtN, na.i[i1TUli n",pUB I[ na.'Iarofr o6!IDIt-1, H36pallIlUfr Haprll¥Xll, OCt1IU[, oO;']alli!IQ!ID[MU CB06onlibIMI! 1"0- o.'IOCaMII I[ oco6c1m(,IMU npIlBlL1CrIIHMI[», JlOC.r[OBHO roBopL10C(' B 3TOM IlOKYMCHTC. NrropoM IlaHHOh lCHTl.HUI[J1 fibLl C.9p J}.h.oo Koy.1- nenep. 3ilyap.!l [a111l, KUIOphll16bLTJ COCTilDlITe.'IeM npe.!lWlYWIIX KOPO- JleBCJ(HXlIeK,apawill II UfBe'IOB lIa rmpmlMellTCKlie nenll-\UIII[ peMOU- (Tpillll1Il, IiQ;Jfla;>t;a.'1 npOHll< Hl'e KaK HCKOHCTltT)'IIIUIHH(n! I {lIIa("Hllli U nbrra:lOI Yl"Opaplnb K(lpO.JI IJTKi:l3iITbl.ll lIT IlpellJlmt\tl1HUru eM.}' Bapu- allTil OTBCTa nap.'IillIICHI)'. 110 norepHe.'l H('YM<JY ' . npHIDIB ilOKTf>J.IHY "c),!CwaUlioro npan.1c1IU5l1> II TOM napJlaHTC, I\OTopbI(1 6bL npe!J...10JM'ti lJ.;wJIlOM KOYJ[nenepoM, J(;tp.1 I npItJHa.1 Tt"-I GIMblM, 'I TO III1CTHT)'T KOpOJIeBCKOO B.TJaCTH lie 003Bb[lllaeTC.IIllaiI i1.pyn!MH KOpIl0pa[ll}jMIt (e.'tatcs) H lIap.IaMCHTC, HO cml[T H O1lUmt pn....v c 1111MII KaK uc!;'ro .iJUlllh 11)[l1a U:i -rpex KOpIlOpaJIHii. CMblCJl nl!uoii Kopo.eM 1I000t"! Tp3KIOIJKII .CMernaUlloro npan.'IeUI1.11» II AJlr.11111 X£VOlOO paJ"bHCIIIUI TCOJ[or Qap.%3 XCJL1 (Chmies Heile, 1598- 1659), 11I[("i1111111!(1 D lfJ<11\--r.:m', III->Ulle1UlleM D KOHne 1642 r. I- l.,1/m - 1ft:' npono ry6op<JuHlll{l10111laJlIt'll[ a6r01KXTll1aJI, 110 I\OOfXJiIHll- ljlIOHIIlliI II CVl'l/JllI-/l/Ll MOHap.:ruH. 3TO ell IilflIlIf' H.1t KOOpiJtIHLllIJlSI CY"ICCTI!YCT B fK lUOHf IicmHI;1 caMoli H.![acTI1, ItHa'lC /I.foIinpUDI. HC 6bL'[a 6bl c:teuJlllllloii: Bee MOIIfl[UUJI. !Me[()T D ce6e C:1IeIl.IeIiUR ilJlH ClpYKTY- py T/OdtiImeHHbn. I[ IIIIJKeClOmlIHX ,l\OmK!lOCTIILIX m[lI, 110 3JIecb Mo- IWpxw/ !.rn1 fiI,'U.UUII 1I..'lalTh caMa ((){fT1a6./flfQ H;-j I'pt'X {:ilJHtbIX CJp,p IJp,pq Kupllupanl1l1 (Estates), Kopo..'m 1J ilB)'X flrl.lom napJlaMeHTa, :noii ClI(!lIJQHHOU B.acTlI HHKaKal! noiJvwieHHa51 IIJlaCTh IIH B KRKO\I c. HC fiYJ\CT cnoco611a OKa3aTL conpomlJ8'1l'11I1.2. 'CmikH. TheL,reofEd\\'a,elE"r1ofCllffodtJrLondon.191I. Vol I P 159. 'E>1fiJandisllotasiIJ)JJly>dJutriimil't',<llId ab«rh4t'. blJ{a CvorrIu1ri!i,'C,and mi.rf Maltmhg; TIn, mi.1.1u",. ur CoorthmtlOO" In the very s"pn.m,x" uf P<>"'-er It ""Ire, (){hl'l'w.sethcMonorr/wwerenntmh't.aIlWooanh...havl'a,/XfUrt'orcnmpo<iunnnf subatilmalt-, <tI\eI uodtor-olJker:; illlht'!!l: bgl benib Mon mhy, or ht1r it pow." b itself rn Ip<IIIN!dof3&tatc<.aKing,..n"twi)Hr"Hit'llofParloamcnt;untoth]s mi.l1po\\"erno<Uho.dinllt':Il](horilyill:onycaselJ)akeR"<islffl"'l+(1l('If('OIAFull ArL<wcr to,. Treatise wnttcn hy doctor Feme, entitled The l'l'Solv,"1< of Cmt'iCICI'J("C 
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